2
votes
1answer
93 views

Which nonnegative matrices have exact nonnegative matrix factors of smaller dimensionality?

The nonnegative matrix $V = \left( \begin{array}{cc} 1 & 1 \\ 1 & 1 \end{array} \right)$ has nonnegative matrix factors $W = \left( \begin{array}{c} 1 \\ 1 \end{array} \right)$ and $H = ...
4
votes
1answer
59 views

An extension of the Golden Thompson inequality

For three symmetric positive-semidefinite matrices $A,B,C$ I am trying to figure out if the following inequality holds, at least in some cases: $$tr(Ae^{B+C})≤tr(Ae^Be^C)$$ Note that if $A=I$ then ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

A - B is semidefinite, what the relationship about their eigenvalues? [closed]

$A, B$ are two symmetric matrices, if $ A-B $ is semidefinite (i.e.$ A - B \geq 0$), if we rearrange the eigenvalues of two matrices, $\lambda_1 (A) \geq \lambda_2 (A) \geq ... \geq \lambda_n (A)$, ...
3
votes
2answers
268 views

Eigenvectors and eigenvalues of Tridiagonal matrix with varying diagonal elements

is it possible to analytically evaluate the eigenvectors and the eigenvalues of a tridiagonal $n\times n$ matrix of the form : \begin{pmatrix} 1 & b & 0 & ... & 0 \\\ b & 2 ...
3
votes
0answers
203 views

An optimization problem over real symmetric matrices

Given an $n\times s$ matrix $P$ of positive real numbers and $T\geq n$, find (either by a formula or an algorithm) the real symmetric $n\times n$ Z-matrix $A$ which maximizes $\min\limits_{1\leq ...
3
votes
1answer
321 views

numerical range of a column-zero-sum matrix

I am trying to produce an example of a (necessarily non-normal) matrix that has only eigenvalues with positive real part, but whose numerical range contains elements with strictly negative real part. ...
8
votes
1answer
226 views

Inequalities for Hadamard products of complex symmetric matrices

Consider a complex symmetric matrix $$ C= C_R + i C_I $$ with $C_R,C_I \in \text{Mat}_{n\times n}(\mathbb R)$ symmetric, and assume that the eigenvalues of $C_R$ are all strictly positive. Then, $C$ ...
4
votes
2answers
316 views

spectral radius monotonicity

I encountered an inequality when reading a paper. Can someone help to show how to prove it? Let be the spectral radius of matrix $A$ or $\rho(A)=\max\{|\lambda|, \lambda \text{ are eigenvalues of ...
2
votes
1answer
711 views

Non symmetric matrices with real eigenvalues

Consider the following block matrix $A=\pmatrix{A_1 & A_2\cr kA_2^\top & A_3}$ where $A_1$ is a symmetric matrix, $A_3$ is diagonal matrix and all entries of $A$ are real and non-negative. ...
5
votes
1answer
313 views

A matrix inequality involving the Hilbert-Schmidt norm

This question comes from a problem in PDEs on which I'm currently working. Let $a$ be a $3\times 3$ matrix, real symmetric and positive definite. Denote with $\|a\|^2 _ 2=\sum a_{ij}^2$ the square of ...
6
votes
2answers
967 views

Eigenvalues of nonnegative integer matrices

Edit I realized that the key piece of information that I need is question 1, and so I'd like to rephrase this post: What are the possible eigenvalues of nonnegative integer matrices? Any answer ...
4
votes
1answer
225 views

non negative solution of the matrix equation $A^T U A = U - C$ if C is non-negative

Given $A$ a matrix with spectral radius smaller than 1 and a matrix $C$ symmetric. It can be shown that $U=\sum_{k=0}^\infty (A^T)^k C A^k$ converges, is symmetric and is the solution of the equation ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Eigenvectors and eigenvalues of Tridiagonal matrix

Hi, is it possible to analytically evaluate the eigenvectors and the eigenvalues of a tridiagonal matrix of the form : $$ \mathcal{T}^{a}_n(p,q) = \begin{pmatrix} 0 & q & 0 & 0 ...
1
vote
0answers
106 views

Bounding the Schur's complement of similiar matrices

Assume the following: • $L\leq K$ . • $\Gamma\in M_{K,L}$ is a $L$ rank ${ 0,1} $ matrix, without identical rows or the zeros row. • $N\in M_{K,K}$ is a diagonal matrix, whose diagonal is a ...
6
votes
4answers
675 views

Doubly stochastic matrices as squares of entires of unitary matrices

Given a unitary matrix $A$ with entries $a_{ii}$, it's clear that the matrix $B$ with entries $b_{ii} = |a_{ii}|^2$ is doubly stochastic. Is the inverse of this statement true? Namely, given a ...
10
votes
3answers
539 views

When is a matrix power nonnegative

The following question came up today during a discussion: Suppose $A$ is an $n \times n$ real matrix. Is there some way to tell whether there exists an integer $q > 0$ such that $A^q$ is ...
5
votes
1answer
326 views

Characterizing invertible nonnegative matrices with bounded sums

Almost a year ago, I asked in this question about obtaining a tight bound on the sum of the entries of the inverse of a strictly positive definite matrix. Denis Serre gave a nice counterexample ...
2
votes
1answer
857 views

How much can a diagonal matrix change the eigenvalues of a symmetric matrix?

Suppose that we have a symmetric matrix ${\bf S}$ with eigenvalue decomposition ${\bf S} = {\bf Q}{\bf \Lambda}{\bf Q}^T$. Assume that we have two diagonal matrices ${\bf D}_1$ and ${\bf D}_2$ that ...