Nonlinear objectives, nonlinear constraints, non-convex objective, non-convex feasible region.

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11
votes
2answers
562 views

Conjecture on maximum of symmetric combinatoric function

A curious symmetric function crossed my way in some quantum mechanics calculations, and I'm interested its maximum value (for which I do have a conjecture). (The question was first asked at math.SE, ...
11
votes
2answers
559 views

Quadratic Farkas' Lemma?

The Farkas Lemma says that if a system of linear inequalities implies yet another linear inequality, then this last inequality can be obtained by taking a positive linear combination of the ...
7
votes
2answers
427 views

How to solve such an optimization problem

I encounter the following optimization problem, but I can't solve it. Given $N$ variables satisfying $0 \leq x_1 \leq x_2 \leq x_3 \leq ... \leq x_N \leq 1$ and an integer $K$ no large than $N$, find ...
6
votes
1answer
244 views

Generalization of the equilateral triangle?

I consider points in the two-dimensional plane. An equilateral triangle is a set of three points in the plane which are equidistant. Suppose now I have $n$ points $x_1,...,x_n$. What is the ...
6
votes
1answer
449 views

Bound on the sum of arguments

Problem: Show that for all real $s,t,u$ and all complex $z$ with $|z|<1$ one has $$(*)\qquad \arg\frac{1-zf(s-u)}{1-zf(s+u)} +\arg\frac{1-zf(t+u)}{1-zf(t-u)}<\pi, $$ where $f$ is the ...
6
votes
0answers
61 views

Bounding volume of cell in complement of zero set

I am given an integer polynomial $f \in \mathbb{Z}[X_1, \ldots, X_n]$ of bounded degree and bounded coefficient size. The polynomial's zero set partitions $\mathbb{R}^n$ into cells. What I am looking ...
5
votes
2answers
294 views

Can we decompose a polynomial into difference of convex polynomials?

Given a multivariate polynomial $p(x_1, ..., x_n)$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$, can we always decompose it into the difference of two convex polynomials? i.e., is there a pair of convex polynomials $f$ and $g$, ...
5
votes
1answer
310 views

Solve equation with matrix variable

I want to solve a matrix $\Omega$ from a equation $\sum_k (\Omega + \Theta_k)^{-1} = Q$. The $Q$ and $\Theta, \forall k=1...K$ are known, and are positive definite matrices. $\Omega$ also has to be ...
5
votes
1answer
152 views

Find subset of collection of sets whose intersection has minimum average value

Let $a_1,\ldots,a_n>0$, and let $S_1,\ldots,S_d\subset\{1,\ldots,n\}$ (all non-empty). For any $I\subseteq\{1,\ldots,d\}$, define $S(I)=\bigcap_{i\in I} S_i$. Given some $1\leq s < d$, consider ...
5
votes
2answers
268 views

Simultaneous maximization of two Generalized Rayleigh Ritz Ratios

Consider hermitian positive semi-definite matrices $A_1$ and $A_2$. Consider also positive definite matrices $B_1$ and $B_2$. I want to maximize the minimum of the two Generalized Rayleigh Ritz ratios ...
5
votes
1answer
156 views

Finding sparsest solution of a linear system

I want to find the solution with most zero-components for the following problem: $Ax=b$ for $A\in \mathbb{R}^{k\times n}, b \in \mathbb{R}^{k},k<n$, where $x$ is real and has no additional ...
5
votes
0answers
144 views

Characterizing matrices with rank constraint

Given matrix $M\in\Bbb Z_{\geq0,\leq b}^{n\times n}$, is there a nice method to characterize $$\mathscr{D}[M,b]=\{Q\in\Bbb R_{\geq0,\leq b}^{n\times n}:\mathsf{rank}(M-Q)= \mathsf{rank}(Q),\quad ...
4
votes
2answers
264 views

Convex Sets and Nearest Neighbors

For a set $S \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ and a point $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$, let $c_S(x)$ be the point $s \in S$ that minimizes $\|x-s\|$ if such a point exists and is uniquely determined. It is known that ...
4
votes
2answers
205 views

Convexity of a function of matrices

Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ positive-definite matrix. Let $0<\lambda _1 \leq \lambda_2 \leq \lambda _3 \ldots \leq \lambda _n$ be the eigenvalues of $A$. Let $n\geq k\geq 1$. Is the function $f(A) = ...
4
votes
2answers
97 views

Convexity of a (non-symmetric) function of matrices

Let $f : H_{n\times n} (\mathbb{C}) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be the function on Hermitian, positive semidefinite matrices $f(A) = \frac{M_i (A)}{\det(A)}$ where $M_i(A)$ is the determinant of the the ...
4
votes
1answer
197 views

Finding a point maximizing the minimal distance to a set of points

Given a set of of $N$ points $\{\mathbf x_i \in \mathcal{S}^d\}_{i = 1, \ldots, N}$, where $\mathcal{S}$ is a set of possible values, how can I find the point $\mathbf x^*$ that maximizes the minimum ...
4
votes
1answer
182 views

optimization problem, any solution?

The objective is as follows: $\min_{\mathbf{F}} a Tr(\mathbf{F} \mathbf{F}^H) - Re\{\mathbf{b}\mathbf{F}^H \mathbf{C} \mathbf{F} \mathbf{d}\}$ $s.t.\ \ \ Tr(\Sigma \mathbf{F} \mathbf{F}^H)<p$ ...
4
votes
1answer
270 views

Finding all local maximum points of a function?

Let ${\boldsymbol \theta}=(\theta_1,\theta_2,\ldots,\theta_n) \in{\mathbb T}^n$ and $P:{\mathbb T}^n\rightarrow {\mathbb R}$ be a function defined on $n$-torus as $$ P({\boldsymbol \theta}) = ...
4
votes
0answers
150 views

Optimization problem involving Multivariate Normal

I use $\phi(t)$ to describe the standard normal distribution density and $\Phi(t)$ as the normal distribution CDF and would like to prove that for all $n\geq3$, the function: ...
3
votes
2answers
990 views

Sparse approximation of the inverse of a sparse matrix

Is it possible to approximate an inverse of a sparse matrix with a sparse matrix? The problem comes up in numerical non-linear quasi-Newton optimization: given a sparse Hessian a good starting point ...
3
votes
1answer
491 views

The average number of people that can sit on a bench of a given length.

Let me explain what I mean: The width of the average person varies, perhaps with a normal distribution. Given a specific variance, how many people (on average) can sit side-by-side on a bench of a ...
3
votes
2answers
248 views

Why eigenvectors optimize this orthogonally constrained nonlinear minimization problem?

Given a $p \times p$ positive definite matrix $\Sigma$, why eigenvectors of $\Sigma$, stacked as columns of a matrix $R \equiv [r_1 \, r_2 \, \ldots \, r_p]$, optimize the following orthogonally ...
3
votes
2answers
135 views

QR-Decomposition of matrix valued function

Suppose I have a matrix valued function $$ F:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^{m\times n},\qquad F(x)=\tilde Q\tilde R+xu_1v_1^T+xu_2v_2^T $$ where $\tilde Q\in\mathbb{R}^{m\times m}$ is orthogonal, ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Analysis of first-order methods for constrained convex optimization with approximate oracles

In many first-order optimization methods an oracle is needed whose action enforces the constraint/regularizations. For example, in projected gradient descent, conditional gradient method, and proximal ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

Decomposition of a semi-definite matrix into sums of sparse semi-definite matrices

I'll first provide the background. Let $x\in\mathbb{R}^N$ be decomposed into $n$ non-overlapping blocks of variables $x^{(1)},\ldots,x^{(n)}$. We say that $f:\mathbb{R}^N\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
195 views

Intuition on a certain class of quadratic optimization problems

Let $\mathcal{X} = \{\mathbf{X}\in\mathbb{C}^{d\times d}:\|\mathbf{X}\|\leq 1\}$, where $\|\cdot\|$ is the Frobenius norm. Let $\mathbf{y}\in\mathbb{C}^{d\times 1}$. We are familiar with the following ...
3
votes
1answer
210 views

Optimization problem - maximizing number of satisfied linear inequalities subject to a quadratic constraint

I am wondering what is known about optimization problems of the following type. Our control x is a unit vector in $\mathbb{R}^n$. We are given a finite number of linear inequalities $$Az≥b,$$ and we ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Conjugate gradient algorithm where first search direction is not equal to residual

In usual formulation of conjugate gradient algorithm initial search direction is taken to be the residual (so residual and search direction spans Krylov subspace). However, in cases where inexact ...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

Containing a “fuzzy” ellipsoid within an ordinary ellipsoid

Consider the ellipsoid described by the inequality $(x - x_c)^T P^{-1} (x - x_c) \leq 1$, where the vector $x_c \in \mathbb{R}^n$ denotes the center of the ellipsoid and the symmetric positive ...
2
votes
5answers
245 views

Distance between two sets

Let $A, B$ be two convex and closed subsets of $\mathbb{R}^n$. We would like to the minimum distance between these two sets. i.e., we want to find a solution for the following problem. $$ \min ...
2
votes
3answers
155 views

Constraint optimization problem for any dimensionality $n>1$.

I am going to post a particular example for the sake of clarity. One needs to maximize a real function $F = a_1a_2 + a_2a_3 + \cdots + a_{n - > 1}a_n + a_na_1;$ with active ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Optimization over symmetric polynomials

Consider the following constraint satisfaction problem: Let $\alpha_1 , \ldots, \alpha_k \in \mathbb{R}$ be given as well as an error parameter $\epsilon$. Find $p_1, \ldots, p_n$ such that (i) $0 ...
2
votes
2answers
194 views

How to fit the parameters of differential equations with known data?

I have the following data from chemical kinetics research to fit the parameters of ordinary differential equations: $$ \left[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} \text{No.}& t & y_1(t)&y_2(t) & ...
2
votes
1answer
235 views

How to minimize $-\sum p_b \ln{p_b}$?

Consider multisets of the form $A = \{a_1,\dots,a_n\}$ of integers. Let $q = P(a_i = a_j)$ when $i$ and $j$ are chosen independently and uniformly from $\{1,\dots, n\}$. Let $B$ be the set of ...
2
votes
1answer
326 views

lipschitz constant of a multivariate function

I have a function $f:\mathbb{R}^{50} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ and I need to compute the Lipschitz constant of $f$ to solve an optimization problem using a specific algorithm. Does any one have ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Solving a system of equations/inequalities that have trigonometric functions on the left-hand side

Is there any known (symbolic) method that solves a system of equations/inequalities that have trigonometric functions on the left-hand side of the system? Ex) Find $x,y,\theta \in \mathbb{R}$ that ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Entropy dominance

Let $0<a<b<c$ be distinct positive reals. Define four different probability distributions: $$\mathcal{P}_{ab}:P_{a,ab}=\frac{a}{a+b}=1-P_{b,ab}$$ ...
2
votes
3answers
335 views

Solving a quadratic matrix equation with non-squared matrix

I was trying to solve the problem of finding the value of a non-squared matrix $T$ ($n \times m$) which solves $$ T^T T = X$$ where $X$ is a symmetric and positive semidefinite $m \times m$ matrix, ...
2
votes
2answers
144 views

How to minimize the Bregman divergence on a convex hull spanned from a set of vectors?

everyone. It has been well known that the following minimization problem of a Bregman divergence with linear inequality can be solved by successively projecting the current point to each constraint ...
2
votes
1answer
240 views

Non-linear 1st order difference equation

I have been trying to solve the following difference equation for some time now : $$u^3(n+1) = a - b\cdot u^2(n) + u^3(n), \qquad a \ne 0 \ne b$$ I have tried various substitutions, simplifications ...
2
votes
1answer
376 views

Finding zeros of a multi-variable nonlinear trigonometric function

I am trying to calculate analytic solution (or locus) of zeros of a very large multi-variable function which is consisted of thousands of nonlinear trigonometric terms. All the variables are real ...
2
votes
1answer
216 views

Does Quadratic Programming get easier when it's described by a diagonal matrix?

Generally, Quadratic Programming solves the problem $$\text{Given }Q, c, A, b,\text{ choose }x \text{ to maximize } x^TQx + c^Tx \text{ subject to } Ax \le b$$ In this form, Quadratic Programming is ...
2
votes
2answers
197 views

product of variables in objective function

Hi there, I'm looking for a solver that allows me to solve an optimization problem of the form min x1*x2*x3,...,xn subject to some linear constraints. I've used gurobi before, however I couldn't find ...
2
votes
1answer
424 views

An algorithm for checking if a nonlinear function f is always positive

Is there an algorithm to check if a given (possibly nonlinear) function f is always positive? The idea that I currently have is to find the roots of the function (using newton-raphson algorithm or ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

How to solve the following generalized quadratic programming problem [closed]

I want to solve a generalized form of a quadratic programming problem $$\min_x \left(\sqrt{x^TPx}+\sqrt{x^TQx}\right)^2+c^Tx$$, $$\textrm{ s.t. } Ax\le b.$$ Here, $P$ and $Q$ are both positive ...
2
votes
0answers
96 views

Solution of a linearly constrained quadratic programming problem [closed]

What is the solution of the following optimization problem: \begin{align} &\min{\mathbf{p}^\mathrm{T} \mathbf{B} \mathbf{p}}\\ &\text{subject to}: \mathbf{0}\leq{\mathbf{p}}\leq \mathbf{1}. ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Sequence transformations that are entropy invariant

Consider a collection of increasing positive integers $\{a_i\}_{i=1}^m$ and the distribution $p_i=\frac{a_i}{\sum_{i=1}^ma_i}$. Define entropy of $\mathcal{A}=\{a_i\}_{i=1}^m$ by ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

Techniques for proving that a set of constraints over the integers are inconsistent

I have a problem which boils down to showing that a set of constraints has no solutions. A simplified version of this constraint system would be the following system: $$ \left\{ \begin{array}{l} ...
2
votes
0answers
240 views

Subtour Elimination in Travelling Salesman Problem using MTZ

I am trying to formulation a problem similar to a Traveling Salesman with Time Window constraints. To eliminate subtours, I need to use some constraint similar to a generalization of MTZ constraints ...
2
votes
0answers
193 views

An intuition for three different types of subgradients (proximal, regular, limiting)

I'm having a bit of difficulty getting my head around the different types of subgradients we're currently covering in a nonsmooth optimisation class I'm taking. These subgradients are (assume $x \in$ ...