Nonlinear objectives, nonlinear constraints, non-convex objective, non-convex feasible region.

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5
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2answers
121 views

Discrete optimization problem

Suppose you had $N$ many fixed points $X_1, X_2, ..., X_N$ in some Euclidean space $R^d$ and from these coordinates you had to choose $n$ many of them ($n \leq N$ also being fixed) to form a subset ...
2
votes
0answers
133 views

Why hexagons? The maximal minimum of a sum of cosines on the plane with frequencies on the unit circle

We wish to maximize the minimum of a weighted sum of cosines in the plane, when the frequency components are on the unit circle. Formally: $$\max_{\{ a_i,\theta_i,\phi_i \}_{i=1}^{N} } \min_{(x,y) ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Nonlinear least square with quadratic equality constraint

I am looking for an appropriate method or hint to solve the following constrained nonlinear least square problem: $\operatorname{argmin}_X \sum_{i\in I} \|\mathbf{X}_i - \mathbf{X}_{i+1}\|_2^2 + ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

Maximal minimum for a sum of two (or more) cosines

Please prove (or disprove, and give the correct answer): $$2 =\mathrm{argmax}_{r\geq 1}\min_{x\in \mathbb{R}}\left[\cos\left(x\right)+\cos\left(rx\right)\right] $$ In other words, find $r \geq 1$, ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Frobenius nearest non-negative Gram matrix of balanced row-sums

Let $W \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ be any non-negative real symmetric matrix. For $k \leq n$, let $\mathcal{F} := \{X \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times k} \ | \ X \geq 0, X \mathbf{1} = \alpha \mathbf{1}, ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

How can I find the maximum value of this function?

For given values of $A \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times n}, b \in \mathbb{R}^m$, how can I find the value of: $$ \max_{x \in [0,1]^n} \|Ax+b \|_1 $$ Or is this problem NP-hard?
0
votes
0answers
156 views

Interior point V.S sqp algorithm for large scale optimization

I have an large scale optimization problem that works with fmincon solver within sqp algorithm. But it is so slow. However, ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Rate of convergence for cyclic gradient descent

I'm trying to solve the optimization problem $\min_x \frac{1}{n} \sum_{i=1}^n f_i(x)$ where $f_i$ are (strongly) convex, smooth, lower semi-continuous, etc. However, I am not able to do conventional ...
2
votes
0answers
311 views

Programming workbooks in C++ and Research Math [closed]

I know the basics of C++ by taking a few courses and going through "C++ Primer" by Lippman. As a math graduate student, I would love to get my hands on some programming-math exercises geared towards ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

When is a convex program continuous in its constraint vectors?

Consider $$F(z)=\min ae^{-x}+b e^{-y} s.t. x\ge 0, y\ge 0\text{ and } x+y=z$$ I checked if this function is continuous, but it is not at $z=0$. $F(z)=2\sqrt{ab}e^{-z/2}$ when $z\ne 0$, and ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Minimizing sum of functions, while keeping their values non-negative

Suppose we have data $\mathbf{x}_i$, $i\in \{1, \ldots, K\}$, and we're trying to find parameters $\hat{\mathbf{\theta}}$ such that $$\hat{\mathbf{\theta}} = \underset{\mathbf{\theta}} ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

Can the nonlinear matrix equation $Bx=p+sgn(x)$ have an explicit solution?

Given $n > 0$, $0 \leq i \leq n$ is an integer, $D = diag(d_1, \dots, d_n)$ is positive definite, $e_i$ is the $i$th column of a $n \times n$ identity matrix, $u \in R^n$ such that $B = D + u * ...
3
votes
0answers
129 views

existence of optimal control

I'm looking for an existential result in optimal control for the following class of problems: Given $T > 0$, $\bar x, \hat x\in\mathbb R^d$, an instantaneous cost function $c:\mathbb R^d\times ...
3
votes
1answer
252 views

Find a line such that sum of perpendicular distances of points to the line is minimized

Given a set of points (column vectors) $S = \{p_1, p_2, \cdots, p_n\} \subset \Re^d$, let $A \in \Re^{n \times d}$ be a matrix of which each row is just $p_i^T$. It is easy to find a unit vector $s_1$ ...
3
votes
1answer
258 views

Constrained vs Unconstrained Optimization

I'm currently working on an optimization problem with a linear objective with linear and nonlinear constraints, i'm facing difficulties reaching a good solution, so i was advised to move the nonlinear ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Complexity of optimizing a bi-objective function with integer constraints

I have two different objective functions, each of which can be solved optimally in polynomial time. Does this mean, I can optimize a linear combination of these objective functions in polynomial time ...
0
votes
0answers
126 views

How to decide a value of learning rate for Stochastic Gradient Descent?

I'd like to know how to decide a value of learning rate for Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD), such as $\eta$ on the following parameter update iteration equation, $w_{i+1} = w_i + -\eta \nabla ...
4
votes
2answers
135 views

Convexity of a (non-symmetric) function of matrices

Let $f : H_{n\times n} (\mathbb{C}) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be the function on Hermitian, positive semidefinite matrices $f(A) = \frac{M_i (A)}{\det(A)}$ where $M_i(A)$ is the determinant of the the ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

Analysis of first-order methods for constrained convex optimization with approximate oracles

In many first-order optimization methods an oracle is needed whose action enforces the constraint/regularizations. For example, in projected gradient descent, conditional gradient method, and proximal ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Optimization over symmetric polynomials

Consider the following constraint satisfaction problem: Let $\alpha_1 , \ldots, \alpha_k \in \mathbb{R}$ be given as well as an error parameter $\epsilon$. Find $p_1, \ldots, p_n$ such that (i) $0 ...
5
votes
0answers
178 views

Characterizing matrices with rank constraint

Given matrix $M\in\Bbb\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$, is there a nice method to characterize $$\mathscr{D}[M]=\{Q\in\Bbb\{0,1\}^{n\times n}:\mathsf{rank}(M-Q)= \mathsf{rank}(Q),\quad M-Q\in\Bbb\{0,1\}^{n\times ...
6
votes
1answer
479 views

Bound on the sum of arguments

Problem: Show that for all real $s,t,u$ and all complex $z$ with $|z|<1$ one has $$(*)\qquad \arg\frac{1-zf(s-u)}{1-zf(s+u)} +\arg\frac{1-zf(t+u)}{1-zf(t-u)}<\pi, $$ where $f$ is the ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Likelihood convexification

I am doing constrained vector optimization using a non-convex non-linear likelihood function. My problem is of the following form: $$\begin{align*}\hat Q &= \underset{\vec Q}{\arg\min} -\log ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

How to solve the following generalized quadratic programming problem [closed]

I want to solve a generalized form of a quadratic programming problem $$\min_x \left(\sqrt{x^TPx}+\sqrt{x^TQx}\right)^2+c^Tx$$, $$\textrm{ s.t. } Ax\le b.$$ Here, $P$ and $Q$ are both positive ...
0
votes
0answers
68 views

Specific optimization problem solution procedures

Is there a standard procedure to solve following two optimization problems? $$\mathsf{Problem\mbox{ }I}:\mbox{ }\min_{A\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}:rk(A)=r}\mbox{ }\max_{R,S\in\Bbb R^{n\times ...
4
votes
2answers
251 views

Convexity of a function of matrices

Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ positive-definite matrix. Let $0<\lambda _1 \leq \lambda_2 \leq \lambda _3 \ldots \leq \lambda _n$ be the eigenvalues of $A$. Let $n\geq k\geq 1$. Is the function $f(A) = ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

modern exposition of exact ground state of classical XY model or Ising model

What is the state of art technique in solving exact ground state of Heisenberg model, meaning minimization of the H terms (hamiltonian) provided infinite spin space? ...
5
votes
0answers
248 views

Find subset of collection of sets whose intersection has minimum average value

Let $a_1,\ldots,a_n>0$, and let $S_1,\ldots,S_d\subset\{1,\ldots,n\}$ (all non-empty). For any $I\subseteq\{1,\ldots,d\}$, define $S(I)=\bigcap_{i\in I} S_i$. Given some $1\leq s < d$, consider ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Optimization of a multilinear function over a product of hypersimplices

Let $P = \Delta_1 \times \cdots \times \Delta_N$ be the Cartesian product of $N$ hypersimplices. Let $f : P \to \mathbb{R}$ be a multilinear function of $N$ variables, ie $x_i \mapsto f(x_1, \ldots, ...
2
votes
0answers
169 views

Solution of a linearly constrained quadratic programming problem [closed]

What is the solution of the following optimization problem: \begin{align} &\min{\mathbf{p}^\mathrm{T} \mathbf{B} \mathbf{p}}\\ &\text{subject to}: \mathbf{0}\leq{\mathbf{p}}\leq \mathbf{1}. ...
2
votes
0answers
65 views

Sequence transformations that are entropy invariant

Consider a collection of increasing positive integers $\{a_i\}_{i=1}^m$ and the distribution $p_i=\frac{a_i}{\sum_{i=1}^ma_i}$. Define entropy of $\mathcal{A}=\{a_i\}_{i=1}^m$ by ...
5
votes
1answer
210 views

Finding sparsest solution of a linear system

I want to find the solution with most zero-components for the following problem: $Ax=b$ for $A\in \mathbb{R}^{k\times n}, b \in \mathbb{R}^{k},k<n$, where $x$ is real and has no additional ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Limiting Entropy of deterministic sequences - 2

Consider a collection of increasing positive integers $\{a_i\}_{i=1}^m$ and the distribution $p_i=\frac{a_i}{\sum_{i=1}^ma_i}$. Given $\{a_i\}_{i=1}^m$, let $\mathcal{P}_a$ be limiting distribution ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Limiting Entropy of deterministic sequences - 1

Consider a collection of increasing positive integers $\{a_i\}_{i=1}^m$. Consider distribution $p_i=\frac{a_i}{\sum_{i=1}^ma_i}$. Given $\{a_i\}_{i=1}^m$, let $\mathcal{P}_{a,m}$ be distribution at ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Entropy difference dominance of sequences

Consider a collection of positive integers $\{a_i\}_{i=1}^m$ and the distribution $p_i=\frac{a_i}{\sum_{i=1}^ma_i}$. Similarly for the collection $\{a_i\}_{i=1}^{m+1}$ form the distribution ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Entropy dominance of certain restricted sequenes

Say you have positive $\{a_i\}_{i=1}^n$ and you have $p_i=\frac{a_i}{\sum_{i=1}^na_i}$, then assume you have a $C$ such that $C<2a_n\ll\sum_{i=1}^na_i$ (that is $C$ is not very large), then define ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Entropy dominance

Let $0<a<b<c$ be distinct positive reals. Define four different probability distributions: $$\mathcal{P}_{ab}:P_{a,ab}=\frac{a}{a+b}=1-P_{b,ab}$$ ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Maximizing a certain concave function over a non-convex set

I have been working on a problem which involves maximizing a concave function over a non convex constraint set. The problem is the following $$max. \frac{1}{2}x^TBx\\ s.t.\ x_i(1-x_i)=0,\ \ ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Smooth unit vector field on a tetrahedron to interpolate vertex constraints

For a tetrahedron $T\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ with vertices $r_i\in \mathbb{R}^3$ , $i=1,\ldots,4$, and unit vectors $u_i\in \mathbb{S}^2$ at each vertex $i=1,\ldots,4$ consider the (energy) functional ...
11
votes
2answers
613 views

Conjecture on maximum of symmetric combinatoric function

A curious symmetric function crossed my way in some quantum mechanics calculations, and I'm interested its maximum value (for which I do have a conjecture). (The question was first asked at math.SE, ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Finding maximum of a function with unfixed number of variables

Can anybody solve this: For a constant positive integer $n\geq6$ find $k$ and positive integers $a_{1},a_{2},...,a_{k}$ that maximize the expression ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Nonlinear system of equations whereas most of the equations are linear. How to minimise operation?

Let us say we have a n * n system of equations like KU=F where K is a n*n matrix and U and F are n*1 vectors. K and F are defined and the final goal is to find U values. K is a sparse banded matrix ...
-3
votes
1answer
88 views

Convert constraint to do convex optimization or use Lagrange multiplier method [closed]

$w_1, w_2, w_3 ... w_n$ are the weights I need to find I have the following constraint: $|w_1| + |w_2| + .. |w_n| <= 5$ That is the sum of the absolute values of the weights has to be less than ...
4
votes
2answers
322 views

Convex Sets and Nearest Neighbors

For a set $S \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ and a point $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$, let $c_S(x)$ be the point $s \in S$ that minimizes $\|x-s\|$ if such a point exists and is uniquely determined. It is known that ...
2
votes
0answers
99 views

Containing a “fuzzy” ellipsoid within an ordinary ellipsoid

Consider the ellipsoid described by the inequality $(x - x_c)^T P^{-1} (x - x_c) \leq 1$, where the vector $x_c \in \mathbb{R}^n$ denotes the center of the ellipsoid and the symmetric positive ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Optimization problem involving an entrywise function

Let $X$ a $n\times p$ real-valued matrix and $Y$ a $p\times q$ real-valued matrix. Let $\phi:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ a function. What is the appropriate way to deal with the following optimization ...
7
votes
2answers
457 views

How to solve such an optimization problem

I encounter the following optimization problem, but I can't solve it. Given $N$ variables satisfying $0 \leq x_1 \leq x_2 \leq x_3 \leq ... \leq x_N \leq 1$ and an integer $K$ no large than $N$, find ...
1
vote
1answer
661 views

Levenberg's original article “A method for the solution of certain problems in least squares”

Does there exist any digital copy of the original article (or a transcript) K. Levenberg, A method for the solution of certain problems in least-squares, Quart. Appl. Math. 2 (1944): 164-168? It is ...
2
votes
2answers
827 views

How to fit the parameters of differential equations with known data?

I have the following data from chemical kinetics research to fit the parameters of ordinary differential equations: $$ \left[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} \text{No.}& t & y_1(t)&y_2(t) & ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Changing a nonlinear equality constraint into some conic inequality plus rank constraint

If we have a constraint optimization problem in which one of our constraint is $\prod\limits_{k = 1}^N {\left( {x - {a_k}} \right) = 0} $ . How could this nonlinear equality condition be changed into ...