Nonlinear objectives, nonlinear constraints, non-convex objective, non-convex feasible region.

**5**

votes

**2**answers

121 views

### Discrete optimization problem

Suppose you had $N$ many fixed points $X_1, X_2, ..., X_N$ in some Euclidean space $R^d$ and from these coordinates you had to choose $n$ many of them ($n \leq N$ also being fixed) to form a subset ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### Why hexagons? The maximal minimum of a sum of cosines on the plane with frequencies on the unit circle

We wish to maximize the minimum of a weighted sum of cosines in the plane, when the frequency components are on the unit circle. Formally:
$$\max_{\{ a_i,\theta_i,\phi_i \}_{i=1}^{N} } \min_{(x,y) ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Nonlinear least square with quadratic equality constraint

I am looking for an appropriate method or hint to solve the following constrained nonlinear least square problem:
$\operatorname{argmin}_X \sum_{i\in I} \|\mathbf{X}_i - \mathbf{X}_{i+1}\|_2^2 + ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Maximal minimum for a sum of two (or more) cosines

Please prove (or disprove, and give the correct answer):
$$2 =\mathrm{argmax}_{r\geq 1}\min_{x\in \mathbb{R}}\left[\cos\left(x\right)+\cos\left(rx\right)\right]
$$
In other words, find $r \geq 1$, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

39 views

### Frobenius nearest non-negative Gram matrix of balanced row-sums

Let $W \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ be any non-negative real symmetric matrix. For $k \leq n$, let $\mathcal{F} := \{X \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times k} \ | \ X \geq 0, X \mathbf{1} = \alpha \mathbf{1}, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### How can I find the maximum value of this function?

For given values of $A \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times n}, b \in \mathbb{R}^m$, how can I find the value of:
$$
\max_{x \in [0,1]^n} \|Ax+b \|_1
$$
Or is this problem NP-hard?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### Interior point V.S sqp algorithm for large scale optimization

I have an large scale optimization problem that works with fmincon solver within sqp algorithm. But it is so slow. However, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### Rate of convergence for cyclic gradient descent

I'm trying to solve the optimization problem
$\min_x \frac{1}{n} \sum_{i=1}^n f_i(x)$
where $f_i$ are (strongly) convex, smooth, lower semi-continuous, etc.
However, I am not able to do conventional ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

311 views

### Programming workbooks in C++ and Research Math [closed]

I know the basics of C++ by taking a few courses and going through "C++ Primer" by Lippman. As a math graduate student, I would love to get my hands on some programming-math exercises geared towards ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

57 views

### When is a convex program continuous in its constraint vectors?

Consider $$F(z)=\min ae^{-x}+b e^{-y} s.t. x\ge 0, y\ge 0\text{ and } x+y=z$$
I checked if this function is continuous, but it is not at $z=0$. $F(z)=2\sqrt{ab}e^{-z/2}$ when $z\ne 0$, and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

31 views

### Minimizing sum of functions, while keeping their values non-negative

Suppose we have data $\mathbf{x}_i$, $i\in \{1, \ldots, K\}$, and we're trying to find parameters $\hat{\mathbf{\theta}}$ such that
$$\hat{\mathbf{\theta}} = \underset{\mathbf{\theta}} ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### Can the nonlinear matrix equation $Bx=p+sgn(x)$ have an explicit solution?

Given $n > 0$, $0 \leq i \leq n$ is an integer, $D = diag(d_1, \dots, d_n)$ is positive definite, $e_i$ is the $i$th column of a $n \times n$ identity matrix, $u \in R^n$ such that $B = D + u * ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### existence of optimal control

I'm looking for an existential result in optimal control for the following class of problems:
Given $T > 0$, $\bar x, \hat x\in\mathbb R^d$, an instantaneous cost function $c:\mathbb R^d\times ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

252 views

### Find a line such that sum of perpendicular distances of points to the line is minimized

Given a set of points (column vectors) $S = \{p_1, p_2, \cdots, p_n\} \subset \Re^d$, let $A \in \Re^{n \times d}$ be a matrix of which each row is just $p_i^T$. It is easy to find a unit vector $s_1$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

258 views

### Constrained vs Unconstrained Optimization

I'm currently working on an optimization problem with a linear objective with linear and nonlinear constraints, i'm facing difficulties reaching a good solution, so i was advised to move the nonlinear ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

34 views

### Complexity of optimizing a bi-objective function with integer constraints

I have two different objective functions, each of which can be solved optimally in polynomial time. Does this mean, I can optimize a linear combination of these objective functions in polynomial time ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

126 views

### How to decide a value of learning rate for Stochastic Gradient Descent?

I'd like to know how to decide a value of learning rate for Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD), such as $\eta$ on the following parameter update iteration equation,
$w_{i+1} = w_i + -\eta \nabla ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

135 views

### Convexity of a (non-symmetric) function of matrices

Let $f : H_{n\times n} (\mathbb{C}) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be the function on Hermitian, positive semidefinite matrices $f(A) = \frac{M_i (A)}{\det(A)}$ where $M_i(A)$ is the determinant of the the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

94 views

### Analysis of first-order methods for constrained convex optimization with approximate oracles

In many first-order optimization methods an oracle is needed whose action enforces the constraint/regularizations. For example, in projected gradient descent, conditional gradient method, and proximal ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Optimization over symmetric polynomials

Consider the following constraint satisfaction problem: Let $\alpha_1 , \ldots, \alpha_k \in \mathbb{R}$ be given as well as an error parameter $\epsilon$. Find $p_1, \ldots, p_n$ such that
(i) $0 ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

178 views

### Characterizing matrices with rank constraint

Given matrix $M\in\Bbb\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$, is there a nice method to characterize $$\mathscr{D}[M]=\{Q\in\Bbb\{0,1\}^{n\times n}:\mathsf{rank}(M-Q)= \mathsf{rank}(Q),\quad M-Q\in\Bbb\{0,1\}^{n\times ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

479 views

### Bound on the sum of arguments

Problem: Show that for all real $s,t,u$ and all complex $z$ with $|z|<1$ one has
$$(*)\qquad \arg\frac{1-zf(s-u)}{1-zf(s+u)}
+\arg\frac{1-zf(t+u)}{1-zf(t-u)}<\pi,
$$
where $f$ is the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

85 views

### Likelihood convexification

I am doing constrained vector optimization using a non-convex non-linear likelihood function. My problem is of the following form:
$$\begin{align*}\hat Q &= \underset{\vec Q}{\arg\min} -\log ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### How to solve the following generalized quadratic programming problem [closed]

I want to solve a generalized form of a quadratic programming problem
$$\min_x \left(\sqrt{x^TPx}+\sqrt{x^TQx}\right)^2+c^Tx$$,
$$\textrm{ s.t. } Ax\le b.$$ Here, $P$ and $Q$ are both positive ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Specific optimization problem solution procedures

Is there a standard procedure to solve following two optimization problems?
$$\mathsf{Problem\mbox{ }I}:\mbox{ }\min_{A\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}:rk(A)=r}\mbox{ }\max_{R,S\in\Bbb R^{n\times ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

251 views

### Convexity of a function of matrices

Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ positive-definite matrix. Let $0<\lambda _1 \leq \lambda_2 \leq \lambda _3 \ldots \leq \lambda _n$ be the eigenvalues of $A$. Let $n\geq k\geq 1$. Is the function $f(A) = ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

69 views

### modern exposition of exact ground state of classical XY model or Ising model

What is the state of art technique in solving exact ground state of Heisenberg model, meaning minimization of the H terms (hamiltonian) provided infinite spin space?
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

248 views

### Find subset of collection of sets whose intersection has minimum average value

Let $a_1,\ldots,a_n>0$, and let $S_1,\ldots,S_d\subset\{1,\ldots,n\}$ (all non-empty).
For any $I\subseteq\{1,\ldots,d\}$, define $S(I)=\bigcap_{i\in I} S_i$.
Given some $1\leq s < d$, consider ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

55 views

### Optimization of a multilinear function over a product of hypersimplices

Let $P = \Delta_1 \times \cdots \times \Delta_N$ be the Cartesian product of $N$ hypersimplices. Let $f : P \to \mathbb{R}$ be a multilinear function of $N$ variables, ie $x_i \mapsto f(x_1, \ldots, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

169 views

### Solution of a linearly constrained quadratic programming problem [closed]

What is the solution of the following optimization problem:
\begin{align}
&\min{\mathbf{p}^\mathrm{T} \mathbf{B} \mathbf{p}}\\
&\text{subject to}: \mathbf{0}\leq{\mathbf{p}}\leq \mathbf{1}.
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Sequence transformations that are entropy invariant

Consider a collection of increasing positive integers $\{a_i\}_{i=1}^m$ and the distribution $p_i=\frac{a_i}{\sum_{i=1}^ma_i}$. Define entropy of $\mathcal{A}=\{a_i\}_{i=1}^m$
by ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### Finding sparsest solution of a linear system

I want to find the solution with most zero-components for the following problem:
$Ax=b$ for $A\in \mathbb{R}^{k\times n}, b \in \mathbb{R}^{k},k<n$, where $x$ is real and has no additional ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

42 views

### Limiting Entropy of deterministic sequences - 2

Consider a collection of increasing positive integers $\{a_i\}_{i=1}^m$ and the distribution $p_i=\frac{a_i}{\sum_{i=1}^ma_i}$. Given $\{a_i\}_{i=1}^m$, let $\mathcal{P}_a$ be limiting distribution ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

108 views

### Limiting Entropy of deterministic sequences - 1

Consider a collection of increasing positive integers $\{a_i\}_{i=1}^m$.
Consider distribution $p_i=\frac{a_i}{\sum_{i=1}^ma_i}$. Given $\{a_i\}_{i=1}^m$, let $\mathcal{P}_{a,m}$ be distribution at ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

83 views

### Entropy difference dominance of sequences

Consider a collection of positive integers $\{a_i\}_{i=1}^m$ and the distribution $p_i=\frac{a_i}{\sum_{i=1}^ma_i}$.
Similarly for the collection $\{a_i\}_{i=1}^{m+1}$ form the distribution ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

57 views

### Entropy dominance of certain restricted sequenes

Say you have positive $\{a_i\}_{i=1}^n$ and you have $p_i=\frac{a_i}{\sum_{i=1}^na_i}$, then assume you have a $C$ such that $C<2a_n\ll\sum_{i=1}^na_i$ (that is $C$ is not very large), then define ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

75 views

### Entropy dominance

Let $0<a<b<c$ be distinct positive reals.
Define four different probability distributions:
$$\mathcal{P}_{ab}:P_{a,ab}=\frac{a}{a+b}=1-P_{b,ab}$$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

74 views

### Maximizing a certain concave function over a non-convex set

I have been working on a problem which involves maximizing a concave function over a non convex constraint set. The problem is the following $$max. \frac{1}{2}x^TBx\\ s.t.\ x_i(1-x_i)=0,\ \ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

88 views

### Smooth unit vector field on a tetrahedron to interpolate vertex constraints

For a tetrahedron $T\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ with vertices $r_i\in \mathbb{R}^3$ , $i=1,\ldots,4$, and unit vectors $u_i\in \mathbb{S}^2$ at each vertex $i=1,\ldots,4$
consider the (energy) functional
...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

613 views

### Conjecture on maximum of symmetric combinatoric function

A curious symmetric function crossed my way in some quantum mechanics calculations, and I'm interested its maximum value (for which I do have a conjecture).
(The question was first asked at math.SE, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

67 views

### Finding maximum of a function with unfixed number of variables

Can anybody solve this:
For a constant positive integer $n\geq6$
find $k$ and positive integers $a_{1},a_{2},...,a_{k}$
that maximize the expression
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

96 views

### Nonlinear system of equations whereas most of the equations are linear. How to minimise operation?

Let us say we have a n * n system of equations like KU=F where K is a n*n matrix and U and F are n*1 vectors. K and F are defined and the final goal is to find U values.
K is a sparse banded matrix ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### Convert constraint to do convex optimization or use Lagrange multiplier method [closed]

$w_1, w_2, w_3 ... w_n$ are the weights I need to find
I have the following constraint:
$|w_1| + |w_2| + .. |w_n| <= 5$
That is the sum of the absolute values of the weights has to be less than ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

322 views

### Convex Sets and Nearest Neighbors

For a set $S \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ and a point $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$, let $c_S(x)$ be the point $s \in S$ that minimizes $\|x-s\|$ if such a point exists and is uniquely determined. It is known that ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Containing a “fuzzy” ellipsoid within an ordinary ellipsoid

Consider the ellipsoid described by the inequality $(x - x_c)^T P^{-1} (x - x_c) \leq 1$, where the vector $x_c \in \mathbb{R}^n$ denotes the center of the ellipsoid and the symmetric positive ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

29 views

### Optimization problem involving an entrywise function

Let $X$ a $n\times p$ real-valued matrix and $Y$ a $p\times q$ real-valued matrix. Let $\phi:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ a function. What is the appropriate way to deal with the following optimization ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

457 views

### How to solve such an optimization problem

I encounter the following optimization problem, but I can't solve it.
Given $N$ variables satisfying $0 \leq x_1 \leq x_2 \leq x_3 \leq ... \leq x_N \leq 1$ and an integer $K$ no large than $N$, find ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

661 views

### Levenberg's original article “A method for the solution of certain problems in least squares”

Does there exist any digital copy of the original article (or a transcript) K. Levenberg, A method for the solution of certain problems in least-squares, Quart. Appl. Math. 2 (1944): 164-168?
It is ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

827 views

### How to fit the parameters of differential equations with known data?

I have the following data from chemical kinetics research to fit the parameters of ordinary differential equations:
$$
\left[
\begin{array}{ccccccc}
\text{No.}& t & y_1(t)&y_2(t) & ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

42 views

### Changing a nonlinear equality constraint into some conic inequality plus rank constraint

If we have a constraint optimization problem in which one of our constraint is $\prod\limits_{k = 1}^N {\left( {x - {a_k}} \right) = 0} $ . How could this nonlinear equality condition be changed into ...