The noncommutative-algebra tag has no usage guidance.

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### How would you solve this tantalizing Halmos problem?

$1-ab$ invertible $\implies$ $1-ba$ invertible has a slick power series "proof" as below, where Halmos asks for an explanation of why this tantalizing derivation succeeds. Do you know one?
...

**39**

votes

**1**answer

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### What is the current status of the Kaplansky zero-divisor conjecture for group rings?

Let $K$ be a field and $G$ a group. The so called zero-divisor conjecture for group rings asserts that the group ring $K[G]$ is a domain if and only if $G$ is a torsion-free group.
A couple of good ...

**37**

votes

**1**answer

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### Invertible matrices over noncommutative rings

Let $A\in M_m(R)$ be an invertible square matrix over a noncommutative ring $R$. Is the transpose matrix $A^t$ also invertible? If it isn't, are there any easy counterexamples?
The question popped up ...

**35**

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### How to quantify noncommutativity?

If I have two operators or finite-dimensional matrices $A$ and $B$, how can I quantify the amount to which they commute or don't commute? (I would consider it a big plus if it is computable easily for ...

**34**

votes

**8**answers

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### What makes a theorem *a* “nullstellensatz.”

I know what the (Hilbert) Nullstellensatz says. A MathSciNet search on "nullstellensatz" turns up nearly 200 papers, with only a minority offering either new proofs or new applications of the classic ...

**28**

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**2**answers

673 views

### How to make the Capelli's identity less mysterious?

The formulation of the Capelli's identity is very elementary; it has important applications in invariant theory and representation theory, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capelli%27s_identity
To ...

**25**

votes

**4**answers

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### A mysterious Heisenberg algebra identity from Sylvester, 1867

I am trying to understand two papers by James Joseph Sylvester:
P92: "Note on the properties of the test operators which occur in the calculus of invariants, their derivatives, analogues, and laws of ...

**23**

votes

**8**answers

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### Simplest examples of rings that are not isomorphic to their opposites

What are the simplest examples of
rings that are not isomorphic to their
opposite rings? Is there a science to constructing them?
The only simple example known to me:
In Jacobson's Basic Algebra (...

**23**

votes

**1**answer

750 views

### Idempotents in Rings of Differential Operators

Differential Operators on General Commutative Rings
Let k be an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero, and let R be a commutative k-algebra. Then a (Grothendieck) differential operator ...

**21**

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**3**answers

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### When does the converse to Schur's Lemma hold?

Let $R$ be a commutative ring, let $A$ be an $R$-algebra, and let $M$ be an $A$-module. If $M$ is simple, then End$_{A-mod}(M)$ is a division ring.
A common use is when $R$ is the complex numbers $\...

**20**

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**2**answers

930 views

### What do you do if you believe a problem is undecidable?

While the title of this question is subjective, I hope to make what I'm looking for quite concrete. The first, and main question is this: If you believe that a problem you are working on is formally ...

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**5**answers

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### Can a quotient ring R/J ever be flat over R?

If R is a ring and J⊂R is an ideal, can R/J ever be a flat R-module? For algebraic geometers, the question is "can a closed immersion ever be flat?"
The answer is yes: take J=0. For a less ...

**17**

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**1**answer

1k views

### When should I expect a quiver with potential to be rigid?

This question is pretty technical, but there are some very smart people here.
Fix a quiver Q, WITH oriented cycles. Let k[[Q]] be the completed path algebra. (Like the path algebra, but we allow ...

**17**

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**0**answers

537 views

### Noncommutative arithmetic mean geometric mean inequality and symmetric polynomials

While analyzing convergence speed of stochastic-gradient methods for convex optimization problems, Recht et al (2011) posed a tantalizing conjecture. It seems quite tricky, so after having struggled a ...

**16**

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### Definition of an algebra over a noncommutative ring

I've tried in vain to find a definition of an algebra over a noncommutative ring. Does this algebraic structure not exist? In particular, does the following definition from http://en.wikipedia.org/...

**16**

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**3**answers

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### What is the precise relationship between groupoid language and noncommutative algebra language?

I have sitting in front of me two 2-categories. On the left, I have the 2-category GPOID, whose:
objects are groupoids;
1-morphisms are (left-principal?) bibundles;
2-morphisms are bibundle ...

**16**

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**1**answer

429 views

### Koszul complex for non-Koszul algebras

Let $A$ be a graded, connected, locally finite, quadratic algebra over a field $k$; that is, $A$ may be presented as $T(V)/I$, where $V = A_1$ is a finite dimensional $k$ vector space, and the ideal $...

**15**

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**4**answers

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### What are your favorite finite non-commutative rings?

When you are checking a conjecture or working through a proof, it is nice to have a collection of examples on hand.
There are many convenient examples of commutative rings, both finite and infinite, ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

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### Binomial Expansion for non-commutative setting

What could be a reference about binomial expansions for non-commutative elements?
Specifically, where can I find a closed formula for the expansion of $(A+B)^n$ where $[A,B]=C$ and $[C,A]=[C,B]=0$?
...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

459 views

### Geometry of numbers for three by three matrices?

While trying to use Minkowski's theorem to calculate the (left) class number of a noncommutative ring, I ran into the following problem:
What is the volume of the largest symmetric convex subset $...

**14**

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**2**answers

823 views

### Why is “naive” definition of non-commutative spectrum bad?

It is well-known that the category of affine schemes is equivalent to the opposit category of commutative unital rings. So naively, one would think that the same should hold in non-commutative setting....

**14**

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**4**answers

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### What's the name for the analogue of divided power algebras for x^i/i?

I recently came across divided power algebras here: http://amathew.wordpress.com/2012/05/27/lazards-theorem-ii/ It interests me because the free divided power algebra on one variable $x$, where $x^{(i)...

**14**

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### How much theory works out for “almost commutative” rings?

I've been reading about D-modules, and have seen a proof that D_X, the ring of differential operators on a variety, is "almost commutative", that is, that its associated graded ring is commutative. ...

**14**

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**1**answer

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### Is the ring of quaternionic polynomials factorial?

Denote by $\mathbb{H}[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ the ring of polynomials in $n$ variables with quaternionic coefficients, where the variables commute with each other and with the coefficients. Two polynomials $P,...

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**1**answer

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### Graded commutativity of cup in Hochschild cohomology

I am trying to get used to Hochschild cohomology of algebras by proving its properties. I am currently trying to show that the cup product is graded-commutative (because I heard this somewhere); ...

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votes

**9**answers

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### Examples of noncommutative analogs outside operator algebras?

Theo's question made me wonder if there are other "noncommutative analogs" outside of operator algebras. Some noncommutative analogs from operator algebras include:
A $C^\ast$-algebra is a ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

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### Gelfand-Naimark from the category-theoretic point of view

I was thinking about the Gelfand-Naimark theorem asserting the isometric * isomorphism between a commutative C* algebra (with unit) A and the C* algebra of continuous complex-valued functions on its ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

584 views

### Classification of long exact sequences

Let $\mathcal C$ be the category of long exact sequences of finitely generated abelian groups almost all of whose entries vanish.
The category $\mathcal C$ is naturally additive as a subcategory of ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

858 views

### A Non-Commutative Nullstellensatz

In studying presentations of pro-$p$-groups via generators and relations, one is led (via the so-called Magnus embedding) to questions involving power series in non-commuting variables. Results from ...

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### Left and right eigenvalues

A quaternionic matrix $A$ gives rise to a
function $\mathbb{H}^n \to \mathbb{H}^n$
given by $x \mapsto A \cdot x$. This is real linear,
but not complex- or quaternionic-linear
(in general) if we ...

**12**

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**2**answers

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### Why does the Grothendieck group $K_0(R)$ of a ring not depend on our choice of using left modules instead of right modules?

I am under the impression that in the definition of the Grothendieck group $K_0(R)$ of a (non-commutative) ring it doesn't matter whether we apply the usual $K_0$ construction to the exact category of ...

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### What properties “should” spectrum of noncommutative ring have?

There are already a lot of discussion about the motivation for prime spectrum of commutative ring. In my perspective(highly non original), there are following reasons for the importance of prime ...

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**3**answers

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### Isomorphisms of quantum planes

Let $k$ be a field and $q\in k^{*}$. The quantum plane $k_{q}[x,y]$ is the algebra $k\langle x,y\rangle/\langle xy=qyx \rangle$ (i.e. the quotient of the free non-commutative $k$-algebra on two ...

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**1**answer

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### Non-commutative Galois theory

Recall that an finite-dimensional algebra $A$ over a field $k$ is central simple iff there is an iso
$A \otimes_k A^{op} \cong M_n(k)$
where $A^{op}$ is the opposite ring and $M_n(k)$ is the matrix ...

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**4**answers

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### Injective dimension of graded-injective modules

In "Existence theorems..." Van den Bergh proposes the following "pleasant excercise in homological algebra":
Let $A$ be a connected graded noetherian $k$-algebra (that is, $\mathbb N$-graded with $...

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**1**answer

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### Tensor products and two-sided faithful flatness

Let $f: R \to S$ be a morphism of Noetherian rings (or more generally $S$ can just be an $R-R$ bimodule with a bimodule morphism $R \to S$). Suppose $f$ is faithfully flat on both sides, so $M \to M \...

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**2**answers

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### $\mathbb{Z}G$ (left) Noetherian$\Rightarrow$ $l^1(G)$ is a flat $\mathbb{Z}G$-(right) module?

Let $G$ be a countable discrete group (not necessarily abelian), and suppose the group ring $\mathbb{Z}G$ is a left-Noetherian ring, for example, when $G$ is a polycyclic-by finite group.
Denote the ...

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**2**answers

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### Maximal ideal that annihilates entire ring

Does there exist a ring $R$ with a nonzero maximal ideal $M$ such that $R^2=R$ and $MR = RM = 0$?
Here $R$ is associative but does not have an identity (obviously). It seems a simple enough question ...

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**0**answers

566 views

### Is “being a full ring of quotients” a Morita invariant property?

Definition and context:
An (associative, unital, not necessarily commutative) ring $R$ is called classical if every regular element of $R$ is a unit. Equivalently, $R$ is its own classical ring of ...

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**4**answers

571 views

### Applications of Govorov-Lazard Theorem?

I asked this question on SE a long time ago, but never received an answer:
The Govorov-Lazard Theorem states that a (left) module over an unital ring is flat iff it is a direct limit of finitely ...

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**2**answers

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### when are algebras quiver algebras ?

Good Morning from Belgium,
I'm no stranger to the mantra that quiver-algebras are an extremely powerful tool (see for example the representation theory of finite dimensional algebras). But what is a ...

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**1**answer

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### Are all separable algebras Frobenius algebras?

Let $\mathcal C$ be a [added later: semi-simple] tensor category, and let $A=(A,m:A\otimes A\to A,i:1\to A)$ be an algebra object in $\mathcal C$.
The algebra is...
Separable if there is an $A$-$A$-...

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**0**answers

369 views

### Nullstellensatz for quaternionic plane curves?

By a quaternionic plane curve I mean the zero locus of a noncommutative polynomial in two variables, $x$ and $y$ say, over ${\Bbb H}$, Hamilton's quaternions. It is evidently well-known that, after ...

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**2**answers

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### Compute Lie algebra cohomology

Is there a computer algebra system that is able to compute the Lie algebra cohomology in a given representation? What if the Lie algebra is finite dimensional?
In my case I would like to be able to ...

**10**

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**2**answers

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### Ideals in Factors

One can easily prove that factors have no nontrivial ultraweakly closed 2-sided ideals as these are equivalent to nontrivial central projections. One can also show type $I_n$, type $II_1$, and type $...

**10**

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**1**answer

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### NCG with all noncommutativity in a nilpotent ideal

While in general non-commutative geometry behaves rather differently from commutative geometry when it comes to local-to-global properties (descent), there are versions of "mild" noncommutative ...

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### Is my definition of a context algebra new?

In my DPhil thesis, I defined what I called a context algebra as a model of meaning in natural language. The idea is to mathematically formalise the notion that meaning is determined by context. It ...

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**4**answers

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### Strongly Noetherian property. When is the tensor $A\otimes_{k}B$ Noetherian for Noetherian rings $A$ and $B$?

Let $k$ be a field. It is well-known that $A\otimes_{k}B$ is not necessarily Noetherian even if $k$-algebras $A$ and $B$ are Noetherian. For example $\mathbb{R}\otimes_{\mathbb{Q}}\mathbb{R}$.
When ...

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**1**answer

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### Are there any finitely generated artinian modules that are not Noetherian?

It is well known that for rings, Artinian implies Noetherian (the famous Hopkins–Levitzki theorem) and it is also well known that there are Artinian modules which are not Noetherian. A simple example ...

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**1**answer

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### Division algebras in which every proper subfield is maximal

I have a (noncommutative) division algebra D which is finite dimensional over its center F. I know that every subfield of D which contains F properly is a maximal subfield of D. What can we say about ...