Numerical algorithms for problems in analysis and algebra, scientific computation

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### Global Approximation via Convex Combination of Local Approximations

I recently faced the problem of efficiently approximating a very large set of data points and, neither having a model of the empiric function, nor of the error distribution, my method of choice would ...

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220 views

### Rank 1 Approximation of Elementwise Inverse Matrix

I'm wondering whether there is a good way to solve the following optimisation problem.
Given a strictly positive quadratic matrix $A$, find two diagonal matrices $D_1$ and $D_2$ so that
$$ \| D_1 A ...

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220 views

### Solving a parabolic PDE with boundary conditions given over ranges

How can one solve a Parabolic PDE (like the wave or diffusion equations) if the boundary conditions were given over ranges?
Here is an example: How to solve the equation $u_{xx}+u_{yy}-\alpha^{2}u_{t}...

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358 views

### Bounds for the infinity norm of the inverse for certain diagonaly dominant matrices

I m trying to analyse the stability against perturbations for a specific system of linear equations $Ax=b$.
For this, i use the standard condition number $||A||_{\infty}||A^{-1}||_{\infty}$.
Here ...

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59 views

### Using FFT to aproximate a fuction [closed]

I am trying to use the FFT to approximate a given function. So i have 10 points xk that are given for example, if i use the FFT that will give me Xk. So now using the inverse FFT we can get the ...

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271 views

### What are some good sanity checks for simulating BNLS?

After doing some googling, I failed to find any explicit solution for the Biharmonic Nonlinear Schrodinger Equation, which states:
$$
i\psi (x,t) _t - \Delta ^2 \psi (x,t) + |\psi (x,t) | ^{2 \sigma} \...

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237 views

### Quadrature formula max accuracy

I'm looking for a maximum accuracy quadrature formula:
$$
\int_{-1} ^{1} \sqrt{\frac {1-x}{1+x}} f(x)dx = A_1f(x_1)+A_2f(x_2)+R(f)
$$
I don't know exactly if it's Trapezoidal rule which has the ...

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213 views

### Decompositions of sparse symmetric matrices and methods for solving large linear equations

I am writing code for solving linear equations of the form
$$A_{n\times n}\cdot x=1_n$$
where $n$ is on the order of $10^6$ and $A$ is a symmetric matrix with approx $10^3$ nonzero entries in each ...

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75 views

### An algebraic equation question [closed]

My question is this:
If $\frac{\sqrt[n]{\prod_{i=1}^n(p_i + 1)}}{\sqrt[n]{\prod_{i=1}^n(m_i + 1)}} = e ^\beta$
can I find an expression (either exact or approximate) for $\frac{\sqrt[n]{\prod_{i=1}^...

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159 views

### Polynomial upper and lower bounds

Consider approximating smooth function $f(x): \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ over the interval $[a,b]$ with a bounded $k$th derivative over the interval. I would like to find degree $d$ polynomials $u(x)$...

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212 views

### Numerical Evaluation of Some Triple Integral involving Negative Powers

Let $\beta_i\in (-1/2,0)$, $i=1,2,3,4$. I'm interested in obtaining numerical value of the following integrals:
$$
\int_{0<u_1<u_2<u_3<1} (1-u_1)^{\beta_1}(1-u_2)^{\beta_2} (u_3-u_1)^{\...

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94 views

### Lanczos algorithm with thick restart on a dynamic matrix

currently, I'm working on a way to compute the 2 biggest eigenvalues of a real, symmetric, huge and sparse matrix that changes a few entries from time to time. The problem should be solved using an ...

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419 views

### Fast checking that overdetermined polynomial system does not have a solution

As a result of some inductive procedure for each $n$ I have a system of about $n^2$ polynomial equations with $n$ variables with integer coefficients, which can be precisely computed. As the system is ...

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114 views

### Convergence for symmetric, positive semi-definite operator

Assume $u$ is a vector in the Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^N$, $\|u\|=\sqrt{\langle u, u\rangle}$, where $\langle u, v\rangle = \sum_{i=1}^N u_i v_i$.
I have that $\|u^{k+1}-u\|\leq \|I - c A\|\|u^k-u\|...

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288 views

### Sharpest bound on the zero free region of $\zeta^{\prime}$?

I'm interested in calculating all of the zeroes of the first derivative of the Riemann $\zeta$ function up to an arbitrary height. I know that (on the RH), all of these zeroes will have real part $\ge ...

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158 views

### Approximate the square root of (1-X) efficiently through (nested) products

Currently, I encountered a problem of approximating the following
series:
$$
(I-X)^{-\frac{1}{2}}=I+\frac{1}{2}X+\frac{1\cdot3}{2\cdot4}X^{2}+\frac{1\cdot3\cdot5}{2\cdot4\cdot6}X^{3}+\ldots
$$
where ...

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249 views

### is there any such result about Bernstein polynomials?

It is well known that for any lipschitz function $f:[0,1]\rightarrow [0,1]$, we can approximate it
by $\sum_{i=1}^n f(i/n) {n\choose i} x^i (1-x)^{n-i}$, and the $L_\infty$ error is $O(1/\sqrt{n})$. ...

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405 views

### Is there an example where the error of Gauss-Laguerre quadrature does not vanish?

The $n$th Gauss-Laguerre quadrature aims to approximate integral $$\int_{\mathbb{R}_+} f(x) \exp(-x)$$ by the sum
$$\sum_{i=1}^n f(x_i) w_i$$
where $x_1,...,x_n$ are the roots of the $n$th Laguerre ...

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105 views

### Stationary Distribution for Markov-like system?

Let
\begin{equation}
A=
\begin{pmatrix}
0 & a_{1,2} & a_{1,3} \\
a_{2,1} & 0 & a_{2,3} \\
a_{3,1} & a_{3,2} & 0
\end{pmatrix},
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
B=
\begin{...

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133 views

### Trace of multiplied positive definite matrices

I have to compute $Tr(K^{-1}\Sigma)$ where both $K$ and $\Sigma$ are symmetric positive definite matrices.
Question is considering that I have computed the Cholesky, $L_1$ of $K$ previously, is there ...

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156 views

### Numerical calculation of Fourier transform with a nice error bound

I'd like to have an algorithm for a numerical calculation of Fourier transform with a nice error bound. To be precise, if $f$ is a function from $L_1(R)$, $F[f]$ is it's exact Fourier transform and $...

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100 views

### What do we know about the generalized eigenvalue problem involving a projector?

Consider a matrix $A\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ and a projector $P\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$.
Are there results regarding the generalized eigenpairs $(v,\lambda)$ of the generalized eigenproblem
$$...

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177 views

### Algorithms to compute largest gap between smallest nonzero eigenvalues of sparse symmetric matrix

I am looking mainly for implementations but also for theoretical algorithms to compute gaps between smallest positive eigenvalues of symmetric, singular matrix or real numbers.
To be precise, I want ...

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139 views

### Seeking a class of functions for which sums approximate integrals well

Is there a "natural" class of integrable functions $f: {\mathbb R} \rightarrow {\mathbb R}$ for which it is true (and, preferably, not too hard to prove!) that $\sup_{0 \leq a < h} |h S(a,h) - I|$ ...

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108 views

### Error of midpoint method for differentiable functions

Is it the case that for every differentiable function $f$ on $[0,1]$ (with finite one-sided derivatives at the endpoints), the midpoint method of estimating $\int_0^1 f(x) \: dx$ has error $o(1/n)$?
...

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221 views

### Error of midpoint method for functions that are not twice-differentiable

All of the bounds I've seen for the error of the midpoint method of integration are expressed in terms of the second derivative of the function. What bounds are available when the function is not ...

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245 views

### Is there any geometric and intuitive interpretation of Newton-like iterative steps in numerical optimization?

Are the iterative steps in optimization affected by the intrinsic and extrinsic curvatures of the objective functions ? and How?
Is there any geometric and intuitive demo show illustrating the ...

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872 views

### How to determine the distance between two matrices under the meaning of a matrix function? [closed]

Suppose a nonlinear infinitely continous differentiable function $f:\mathbb{D}\mapsto \mathbb{R^+}$, where $\mathbb{D}\subset\left\{X|\text{rank}{X}=2,X\in\mathbb{R}^{3\times 3}\right\}$ is a ...

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486 views

### Delay Differential Equations Numerical methods

I have a general question about delay differential equations. I know that even simple ones hardly have analytic solutions and mine clearly doesn't have any as it is a system of non-linear delay ...

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138 views

### unique positive real root fast computation

What is the fastest way to compute the value of the unique positive real root corresponding to the following polynom:
:p(x) = a*x^5 + b*x^4 + c*x^3 + d*x^2 + e*x - f = 0
where a, b, c, d, e, f are ...

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764 views

### Linearizing and solving a nonlinear PDE numerically

Im trying to solve the following (transport & diffusion) nonlinear PDE numerically (via finite volume on a cuboid region. Some Material gets cooled down, s.t. in some areas the material becomes ...

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332 views

### Local positivity of solutions to linear differential inequalities (Chaplygin's theorem)

According to the entry "Differential inequality" of the Encyclopedia of Mathematics
http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php/Differential_inequality
the following result is due to Chaplygin (1919)...

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164 views

### Estimating the vector potential

My question is, that given a vector field only numerically discrete in space, is there a way to estimate its vector potential?
Theoretically, I see this which requires the vector field over all of $\...

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1k views

### Mathematical study of Mpemba effect?

It has been known since the days of Aristotle and Descartes that under certain circumstances warm water freezes faster than cold water. This effect is now commonly known as the Mpemba effect, named ...

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194 views

### Approximating an iteratively defined function

Let $f_0,f_1,\ldots$ be a sequence of functions $f_n : [0,1] \rightarrow R$ defined as follows:
$$f_0(x) =1+2x$$
$$f_{n}(x) := \left\{\frac{5+t}{2} : \text{ where t solves } f_{n-1}\left(\frac{x}{t}...

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378 views

### Approximation of the sum involving binary entropy function

Given the following sum:
$S(n) = \sum_{i=1}^{n} \frac{1}{(1-\operatorname{H}(p))^i}$
where $H$ is the binary entropy function defined as:
$\operatorname{H}(p) = -p\log p - (1-p)\log (1-p) $.
Let $...

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153 views

### dense lattices in high dimensions

I want a collection of points $\{ x_1, \dots, x_m\}$ to sample a unit cube $[0,1]^n$ with $n >>1 $ in high dimensions so that summing over these points is approximate the integral over that ...

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379 views

### The geometric-mean factorial

Think of the factorial as $f(n) = n \odot (n-1) \odot \cdots \odot 2 \odot 1$,
where $\odot$ is the binary operator for multiplication, $\cdot$. This suggests exploring replacing
$\odot$ with other ...

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231 views

### Does an implicit Runge Kutta scheme applied on a nonlinear ODE give a nonlinear set of equations to solve in each step?

We want to approximately solve an ODE
$$\frac{dy}{dt} = f(y,t)$$
with the Runge Kutta method
$$y_{n+1} = y_n + h \sum_{i=1}^s b_i k_i$$
$$k_i = f\left(y_n + h \sum_{j=1}^s a_{ij} k_j,\,t_n + c_i h\...

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289 views

### Accurate bounds for derivatives of Legendre polynomials

Let $P_n(x)$ denote the $n$th Legendre polynomial. What bounds can one give for $d_{n,m}(x) = |\frac{d^m}{dt^m}P_n(t)|_{t=x}$ assuming that $|x| \le 1$? Clearly
$$d_{n,m}(x) \le d_{n,m}(1) = \frac{(m+...

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867 views

### Best known bounds on tensor rank of matrix multiplication of 3×3 matrices

Years ago I attended a conference where they taught us that matrix multiplication can be represented by a tensor. The rank of the tensor is important, because putting it into minimal rank form ...

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72 views

### Augmenting orthonormal system into complete orthonormal system in a numerically stable way

Let us suppose we have a, say, 10 dimensional real space with 3 orthogonal unit vectors given. How do I complete this orthonormal system with 7 additional vectors into a complete ONS in a way that is ...

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92 views

### How to solve a divergent linear system using iterative methods?

I have a matrix A which is symmetric and non-diagonal dominant. I tried to use Jacobi/Gauss-Seidel/SOR to solve it but it diverges. Is there any mechanism to condition the matrix for convergence using ...

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245 views

### Simplify this expression with modified Bessel functions of the second kind

I'm interested in the function
$$\frac{K^{(0,2)}(0,x)}{K(0,x)}$$
where the numerator is the modified Bessel function of the second kind twice differentiated with respect to $\alpha$ and taken at $\...

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71 views

### Variational problem for optimal weight function leading to shorter intervals with many primes

The motivation for the following problem stems from the recent preprint by James Maynard, see also Proposition 5 of the recent blogpost by Terrence Tao. The solution of this problem could give better ...

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222 views

### Does this algorithm terminate in all scenarios?

Let $x \in \mathbb{R}^p$ denote a $p$-dimensional data point (a vector). I have two sets $A = \{x_1, \dots, x_n\}$ and $B = \{x_{n+1}, \dots, x_{n+m}\}$, so $|A| = n$, and $|B| = m$. Given $k \in \...

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241 views

### Literature on root finding of convex Functions

I am interested in using a result about Newton's method, which basically states that if f is convex on $[a,b]$ and it holds $f(a)<0$ and $f(b)>0$, then the Newton iteration converges to $x^*\in[...

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99 views

### Fast numerical approximation of Lauricella series of the fourth kind for real variables and real parameters

I'm looking for a method to efficiently compute a numerical approximation of
$$F^n_D(x_1,\ldots,x_n) = \sum_{m=0}^{\infty} \sum_{i_1 +\ldots+i_n=m}\frac{(a)_{m}(b_1)_{i_1}\ldots (b_n)_{i_n}}{(c)_{m}...

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92 views

### Quadrature rules exact for given functions

Many quadrature schemes are defined by the degree of polynomials for which they are exact. For example, we say that the rule SUM_i a_i f(x_i) is order n when SUM_i a_i p(x_i) = INT p(x) dx for all ...

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349 views

### Convergence of fixed point iteration algorithm

It is obvious that for any given $f(x)$ there exists $g(x)$ such that $f(x)=0 \Leftrightarrow g(x)=x$. We could use this fact to solve any root finding problem using fixed point iteration method, only ...