Tensors, multivectors, wedge products, multilinear maps, exterior (Grassmann) algebras.

**30**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Why there is a relation among the second-order minors of a symmetric $4\times 4$ matrix?

A $4\times 4$ symmetric matrix
$$
\left(
\begin{array}{cccc}
a_{11} & a_{12} & a_{13} & a_{14} \\
a_{12} & a_{22} & a_{23} & a_{24} \\
a_{13} & a_{23} & a_{33} & ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Are the following identities well known?

$$
x \cdot y = \frac{1}{2 \cdot 2 !} \left( (x + y)^2 - (x - y)^2 \right)
$$
$$
\begin{eqnarray}
x \cdot y \cdot z &=& \frac{1}{2^2 \cdot 3 !} ((x + y + z)^3 - (x + y - z)^3 \nonumber \\
...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

276 views

### Bunnity of multilinear maps

Is there a way to compute the following nullity of multilinear maps? As it is different from any nullity I know of, I call it bunnity after myself:-)) If it already has a name, it be nice to know it. ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

496 views

### Example of a form linear in infinitely many variables ?

We all know plenty of examples of multilinear forms in finitely many variables (e.g. determinants). However, I am missing an interesting example of a form in infinitely many variables, linear in each. ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

493 views

### On a tentative generalization of the Schmidt decomposition

Background
I am a PhD student in Physics and I am currently developing quite refined computer codes that allow to simulate many-body quantum systems living on a lattice. The difficulty resides in ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Multilinear generalization of Cauchy-Schwarz inequality

Let $V$ be a real vector space, and let $(\cdot,\cdot;\cdot,\cdot) : V^4 \to \mathbb{R}$ be a multilinear form with the following properties:
$(x,y;z,w) = (y,x;z,w) = (x,y;w,z)$ (symmetry in the ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

347 views

### What is the total polarization of the determinant?

Let $A\in\mathfrak{gl}(\mathbb{R},n)$ be an endomorphism, and think up to conformal factors (in particular, $\Lambda^n\mathbb{R}^n$ will be the same as $\mathbb{R}$). By the total polarization ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Augmentation ideal is finitely generated if and only if $A$ is finitely generated as a $k$-algebra?

Let $A \subset k[x_1, \dots, x_n]$ be a subalgebra, which is also a graded subspace $A = \oplus_{i \ge 0} A_i$. One can write $A = A_0 \oplus A_{> 0}$ where we have $A_0 = k^0[x_1, \dots, x_n] = k$ ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

818 views

### Exact sequences of bundles on Grassmannians

We're looking for a large set of exact sequences of vector bundles on Grassmannians. Here's the set up:
$V$ and $Q$ are complex vector spaces of dimensions $d$ and $r$ respectively $(d\geq r)$, and ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

192 views

### generalizations of Vandermonde matrix to high dimensions

Let $x_1,x_2,\cdots,x_n\in\mathbb{R} $ or $\mathbb{C}$. By the non-degeneracy of Vandermonde matrix
the maps
$$
f: \mathbb{R}\longrightarrow\mathbb{R}^n,$$ $$
x\longmapsto ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

650 views

### basics of classification of trilinear forms (when is it non-discrete)

Consider tri-linear forms, $\{A_{ijk}\}$ where $i=1,..,n_1$, $j=1,..,n_2$, $k=1,..n_3$, over a field of zero characteristic, up to the equivalence $A\to (U_1,U_2,U_3)(A)$, by three matrices.
What is ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

313 views

### Question about decomposition of exterior product

In their paper "New lower bounds for the border rank of matrix multiplication", Landsberg and Ottaviani make use of the fact that
$$\tag{$\dagger$} {\textstyle\bigwedge}^p(V\otimes W) \cong ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

173 views

### When is a polynomial ring free over a graded subalgebra?

Keep the setting of my previous question and let $I := k[x_1, \dots, x_n] \cdot A_{>0}$ be an ideal of the algebra $k[x_1, \dots, x_n]$ generated by the set $A_{>0}$. It is clear that $I$ is a ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

419 views

### Is there a rank for higher degree homogeneous forms analogous to that of quadratic forms?

Given a quadratic form $Q(x_1, ..., x_n)$, there is a natural notion of rank defined by looking at the rank of the unique symmetric matrix associated to the quadratic form, i.e. we consider the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

282 views

### Equivalence of exterior forms

Let us start with the following definition.
Let $1\leqslant k\leqslant n$ and let $\omega_1,\omega_2\in\Lambda^k(\mathbb{R}^n)$. We say that $\omega_1$, $\omega_2$ are equivalent, if there exists ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

240 views

### Axiomatizing orientation in the complex plane

Lately I've begun to suspect that a certain ternary relation might play a role in $\bf{C}$ analogous to the role played by the binary relation $>$ in $\bf{R}$, namely, the relation that the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

762 views

### Co-ends as a trace operation on profunctors

The n-lab site on profunctors (http://ncatlab.org/nlab/show/profunctor) describes profunctor composition as using a co-end to "trace out" the connecting variable:
$F\circ G := \int^{d\in D} F(-, d) ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

135 views

### Is $\max_{\|x\|_p=\|y\|_p=1} |\langle x, Ay\rangle|$ equivalent to $\max_{\|x\|_p=|} |\langle x, Ax\rangle|$ for symmetric $A$ & $p\geq 2$?

Let $A\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be a symmetric matrix, and consider the $l_p$ norm ($p\geq 2$).
Can we prove that the following problems are equivalent:
$$\max_{\|x\|_p=\|y\|_p=1} \left| \langle x, ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

346 views

### Alternating multilinear invariants of GL(n) on End (k^n)

Introduction. Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $0$, and let $n\in\mathbb N$. Let $V=k^n$. The group $\mathrm{GL}_n\left(k\right)=\mathrm{GL} V$ acts on $\mathrm{End} V$ by conjugation, and thus ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

211 views

### Norm of $n$-linear symmetric forms

Let $B$ be a symmetric bilinear form over a Euclidean space $E$. Say that $|B(v,v)|\le c\|v\|^2$ for every $v\in E$, for some $c\ge0$. Then
$$4B(v,w)=B(v+w)+B(v-w)$$
yields $2|B(v,w)|\le ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Generalization of the Polarisation Formula for Symmetric Bilinear Forms to Symmetric multilinear Forms

Hello,
Given a symmetric bilinear form $f:V\times V \to K$ , where $V$ is a vectorspace and $K$ is an appropriate field, define the quadratic form $q:V \to K$ as $q(v):= f(v,v)$.
The Polarisation ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### Are SL(n) Invariants of this wedge product isomorphic to a symmetric product?

In the course of investigating a conjecture about a "strange duality" for sections of line bundles on various models of moduli of sheaves on $\mathbb P^2$, another student and I reduced one special ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Is the (super-)symmetric power of the exterior algebra free?

Let $V$ be a vector space over $k$ of dimension $m$. (I'm only interested in the case $k=\mathbb{Q}$.) Let $R:=\Lambda^*V$ be the exterior algebra. It carries the structure of a supercommutative ring: ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Tensor matricizations and their decompositions

Suppose we have a 4-index tensor $t_{ijkl}$ (all 4 dimensions are equal size). We can make a matrix out of it by taking first and last two indexes as new indexes: $t_{ijkl} \rightarrow M_{ij, kl}$. ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

151 views

### Is there an analogue of spin/oscillator representation for the general linear Lie algebra?

(Work over complex numbers)
Let $V$ be an orthogonal space. Let $Pin(V)$ be the double cover of the orthogonal group $O(V)$. Then $Pin(V)$ has a basic spin representation which we can think of as the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

381 views

### Tensor rank of anti-symmetric tensor

Let $V$ be a vector space of dimension $n$. Let us consider $V^{\otimes n}=V\otimes V \ldots \otimes V$. This vector space contains one dimentional vector space $\wedge^n V$. My question is does it ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### n-dimensional “cross product” reference request

I have written a paper which involves a "cross product" in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and I would like to have a reference to point to.
Let ${\bf e_1}, \dots, {\bf e_n}$ be the standard basis for $\mathbb{R}^n$ ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

495 views

### Tensor and Hom objects for finite flat group schemes

Is the category of finite flat group schemes equipped with "tensor products" and Hom-objects, encoding bilinear maps? I'm aware that the Cartier dual is $Hom(\mathbb{G}, \mathbb{G}_m)$, and want to ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

71 views

### Relationship between $N_{A/K}$ and the reduced norm $\text{nr}_{A/k}$?

If $A$ is a finite-dimensional algebra over a field $k$, the usual norm $N_{A/k}: A \to k$ maps $a$ to the determinant of the $k$-linear endomorphism of $A$ given by $x \mapsto ax$. For $A \in ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

64 views

### Exterior Powers of finite abelian group

Let $A$ be a finite $\mathbb{Z}$-module (i.e., a finite abelian group). My question is: for what $n\in \mathbb{Z}^{n\geq 2}$ the map
\begin{align}
\alpha_{n}:\bigwedge^nA&\to A^{\otimes n}\\
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

260 views

### Can the method of small moments prove a bound on the norms of random trilinear forms?

If $F(v_1,\dots,v_k)$ is a $k$-linear form on $\mathbb R^n$, the norm I want to consider is
$$ ||F|| = \sup \frac{ F(v_1,\dots, v_k)}{\prod_{i=1}^k \left|\left|v_i\right|\right|} $$
where the vector ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

215 views

### Reference for Tensors on graded spaces needed

Is there a good introduction to
1.) Tensor (co)algebras on graded vector spaces ?
2.) Tensor (co)algebras on graded modules ?
In the research field of $L_\infty$-algebras there is some stuff, but ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

754 views

### A basis of the symmetric power consisting of powers

I have asked this question on math.se, but did not get an answer - I was quite surprised because I thought that lots of people must have though about this before:
Let $V$ be a complex vector space ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

719 views

### A NICE necessary and sufficient condition on positive semi-definiteness of a matrix with a special structure!

Let
$$
A =
\begin{pmatrix}
\sum_{j\ne 1}a_{1j} & -a_{12} & \cdots & -a_{1n}\\
-a_{21} & \sum_{j\ne 2}a_{2j} & \cdots & -a_{2n}\\
\vdots & \vdots & \ddots & ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### How to embed $S^2\mathbb{C}^2$ into $S^2S^3\mathbb{C}^2$ and get the ideal of the twisted cubic?

Let $X:=x^3$, $Y:=x^2y$, $Z:=xy^2$ and $W:=y^3$ be the 4 independent generators of $S^3\mathbb{C}^2$, and observe that the kernel of the natural epimorphism (total symmetrisation)
$$
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### Classification of 3-forms in dimension 7

I'm looking for a classification of $3$-forms over a real vector space of dimension $7$ as for the $3$-forms in dimension $6$. References on the latter case are R. Bryant On the geometry of almost ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

198 views

### Decomposability of exterior two-forms

Hello,
The following question appears as a step in my proof. It seems easy but somehow I have not been able to prove this. I could solve few special cases though. Any help in this context is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

952 views

### Nonlinear matrix equation

Solve the following nonlinear equations for $v$ and $w$
$Avv^TAw=\lambda_1v+\lambda_2w$
$Aww^TAv=\lambda_1w+\lambda_2v$
$v^Tw=w^Tv=0$
$v^Tv=w^Tw=1$
where $\lambda_1, \lambda_2, \lambda_3$ are ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

555 views

### Relationship between curvature tensor, algebraic Bianchi identity and sectional curvature

I am currently trying to understand the algebraic Bianchi identity, and I am clearly missing some purely algebraic fact.
Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold, $R$ its curvature tensor (with index ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### A question on surjectivity of a bilinear quadratic map

Let $a=(a_0, a_1, ..., a_n )$, $b=(b_0, b_1, ..., b_n )$ that belong to ${\mathbb R}^{n+1}$. Define polynomials $f_a (t)=a_0 +a_1 t+ ... + a_n t^n$ and $f_b (t)=b_0 +b_1 t+ ... + b_n t^n$ and let ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

303 views

### An expression with an alternating trilinear form, written in terms of the determinant and a symmetric bilinear form

I am trying to understand a line from MacLachlan/Reid's The Arithmetic of Hyperbolic 3-Manifolds (it's in 3.4 if you have the book), that seems it should be elementary but I can't seem to find where ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Cannot multivectors be classified more easily than general tensors?

This is sort of a spinoff of Is there a useful generalization of the Schmidt decomposition to the tensoring together of 3 or more vector spaces? - seems to be almost hopeless, but maybe some partial ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

761 views

### Spectral sequence of symmetric or exterior algebras?

This question is inspired by Hartshorne's exercise II.5.7 (c-d): the problem reads:
Let $0\rightarrow \mathcal{F}'\rightarrow\mathcal{F}\rightarrow\mathcal{F}''\rightarrow0$ be a short exact sequence ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### How to characterize the dual of an isotropic hyperplane?

Hi there! I have a very simple question, which requires an expert in multilinear algebra.
$V$ is an $n$-dimensional vector space, and $\omega\in V^\ast\wedge V^\ast$ is a skew-symmetric form on it. ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### A tensor equation related to an invariant of a diffeomorphism

Let $M$ be an $n$-dimensional differentiable manifold, $f : U
\rightarrow V$ a diffeomorphism between open neighbourhoods $U$, $V$
of $M$ with $f(x)=x$ for some $x \in U$, and let $R$, $S$, $T$ be
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### Real-rooted polynomials and higher rank matrices

For $A$ and $B$ being matrices of the same dimension and $B$ being rank $1$, one knows that $det(A+tB)$ is a linear polynomial in $t \in \mathbb{R}$. Hence by Taylor series it follows that $det(A + ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

141 views

### Is there an algebraic way to characterise the ordinary integral flags?

Fix a vector space $V$ and an integer $1\leq n<\dim V$.
If $\mathcal{I}\subseteq\Lambda^\bullet V^*$ is an ideal, I denote by $\mathcal{I}^i:=\mathcal{I}\cap\Lambda^iV^*$ its $i^\textrm{th}$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

66 views

### Image of skew-symmetric bilinear map which is never zero on linearly independent vectors

I hope this is not too elementary.
Let $B: V\ \times V \to W$ be a skew-symmetric bilinear map where $V$, $W$ are
finite dimensional real vector spaces. Assume that $B (u, v)$ is never zero
for ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

389 views

### A multilinear question and its smooth version

Let $E$ and $F$ be two finite dimensional vector spaces. For every $k\in \mathbb{N}$, $E^{k}$ has a natural vector space structure and is isomorphic to $E\otimes \mathbb{R}^{k}$, in a natural way.
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

105 views

### Lifting quadratic forms on the cotangent bundle to higher level forms

Backround
In several complex variables, an essential tool is Hormander's machinery for solving the $\overline{\partial}$ problem with $L^2$ estimates.
If $\alpha$ is a $(p,q+1)$ form on a domain ...