Mathematical methods in quantum field theory, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, condensed matter, nuclear and atomic physics.

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64
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Dropping three bodies

Consider the usual three-body problem with Newtonian $1/r^2$ force between masses. Let the three masses start off at rest, and not collinear. Then they will become collinear a finite time ...
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864 views

Correspondence between eigenvalue distributions of random unitary and random orthogonal matrices

In the course of a physics problem (arXiv:1206.6687), I stumbled on a curious correspondence between the eigenvalue distributions of the matrix product $U\bar{U}$, with $U$ a random unitary matrix and ...
16
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261 views

Infinitely many planets on a line, with Newtonian gravity

(I previously asked essentially this on physics.stackexchange, but was actually hoping for answers with something closer to a proof than what I got there.) Suppose we have a unit mass planet at each ...
12
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361 views

Catalan objects associated to a univariate polynomial

Given a monic degree $n$ polynomial $f(z)$ with no double roots, and a phase $0\leq \theta < \pi$, there are natural constructions which associate to this data: a noncrossing matching on $2n$ ...
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304 views

Which limit to take as a key applied math decision

The Borel-Kolmogorov paradox refers to situations where non-uniqueness in the notion of conditioning on a set of measure zero leads to apparent contradictions. As a formal matter, one requires ...
10
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527 views

conformal blocks for beginners

I have given now a couple of talks that involve conformal blocks bundles on the moduli stack $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$, in front of a public of algebraic geometers but not specialists of the ...
9
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409 views

The open problem of nth quantization

In trying to explain a quote by E. Nelson, "First quantization is a mystery, but second quantization is a functor!" Baez points out what follows (full text available in this week find; I'm also ...
8
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355 views

Parametrisations for Null Temperature Functions: nonuniqueness of solutions to the Heat Equation

Disclaimer I expect this is a highly open problem, but maybe I'm wrong and someone has come up with some answers besides those given here. In any case, all information appreciated, thanks! Definition ...
7
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182 views

The space-time dimension of the N-superstring theory?

Let $\mathfrak{W}$ be the Lie algebra generated by $d_{n} = ie^{in\theta}\frac{d}{d\theta}$ and $\mathfrak{Vir} = \mathfrak{W} \oplus C \mathbb{C}$ its central extension: $$ ...
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68 views

Explicit expression of WZ term for orthogonal groups

Consider the Wess Zumino term on the the space $W=I\times D$, where D is a two dimensional disk disk and $I$ is an interval, $[0,1]$, say, i.e., $$ \int_{I\times D} \langle(u^{-1} \, du)^3\rangle $$ ...
7
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147 views

Spectral theory for Dirac Laplacian on a funnel

I would like to study the spectral theory of the Dirac Laplacian on a non-compact quotient of the hyperbolic plane by a discrete group (I am particularly interested in the simple case where the ...
7
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198 views

What is known about the Yang-Mills stratification over 3-manifolds?

Rade proved in his thesis (Crelle's Journal, 1992, available here: digizeitschriften.de/dms/toc/?PPN=PPN243919689) that if $E\rightarrow M$ is a $U(n)$-bundle over a 3-manifold, then the gradient flow ...
7
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644 views

triangulated/derived categories in Physics and algebraic geometry

Why do physicists care about the triangulated/derived categories? I mean what are the problems we want to approach using the machinery of triangulated/derived categories. e.g. in homological mirror ...
7
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510 views

Matrix integral identity

1) How to prove that $N\times N$ matrix integral over complex matrices $Z$ $$ \int d Z d Z^\dagger e^{-Tr Z Z^\dagger} \frac{x_1\det e^Z -x_2 \det ...
6
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331 views

Would a closed universe with special relativity violate causality? Does the universe have to be simply connected?

This question may be more appropriate for physics.stackexchange.com, but it would be helpful to get feedback from experts in Minkowski geometry. The classic twin paradox is a false thought experiment ...
6
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279 views

Equivariant quantum cohomology and K-theory of vector bundles over a Grassmannian

Consider a sum of m copies of the tautological bundle over the Grassmannian of n-planes in complex k-dimensional vector space. There is an obvious action of an (m+k)-dimensional torus T on the total ...
6
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236 views

Birth-Death Process associated with Orthogonal Polynomials

I have read in various places the following objects are related: orthogonal polynomials birth-death processes Lattice paths continued fractions After a lot of searching online, I found sketches ...
6
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745 views

Harmonic maps into compact Lie groups

Consider locally minimizing harmonic maps from D-dimensional Euclidean space into a compact Lie group G. When $D=3$ the general regularity theory due to Schoen-Uhlenbeck, Schoen, Richard; Uhlenbeck, ...
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81 views

Does the notion of a “coherent state” exist in TQFTs? (ETQFTs?)

In the quantum harmonic oscillator, there exists a family of states called coherent states which form an overcomplete set of states. They are regarded as "the states most resembling classical states", ...
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67 views

Short examples that are/are not quantum-ergodic

Are there any considerably short examples of manifolds that are/aren't quantum ergodic, or quantum unique ergodic? Note that a (compact) Riemannian manifold is said to be quantum ergodic if ...
5
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215 views

Curvature as infinitesimal holonomy

Let $P \to M$ be a principal $G$-bundle, assume as much regularity as you want (compact $G$ or compact base manifold, ect). Via parallel transport, a connection $A$ on $P$ gives rise to the holonomy ...
5
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133 views

Energy barriers between Hadamard matrices

Hadamard matrices may be characterized as $n\times n$ real orthogonal matrices $U$ that achieve the lowest possible "energy" as defined by the (scaled and shifted) entry-wise 1-norm: $$ E(U)=n^2 ...
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136 views

Density of odd and even eigenstates of an integral operator

Consider an integral operator $(Kf)(x)=\int_{-1}^{1}K(x-y)f(y)dy$, where the kernel $K(-x)=K(x)$ is an even function. Let $\lambda_n$ be the ordered eigenvalues of $K$ and $f_n(x)$ the ...
5
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247 views

Why does closed string theory have only one dilaton field instead of $22$?

Looking at $5D$ Kaluza-Klein theory, the Kaluza-Klein metric is given by $$ g_{mn} = \left( \begin{array}{cc} g_{\mu\nu} & g_{\mu 5} \\ g_{5\nu} & g_{55} \\ \end{array} \right) $$ ...
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163 views

Are there exactly solvable CFTs?

I am wondering if there are CFTs such that n-point correlation functions in them of the fields (may be the primaries or of some notion of twist fields) is exactly known. Are there such? Aren't ...
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269 views

unitary equivalence

Let $U$ be the bilateral shift operator in $l^2(Z)$, and let $V$ stand for a rotation on an irrational angle $\alpha$ in $L^2(T, \mu)$, where $T$ is a circle with a rotation-invariant Lebesgue measure ...
5
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149 views

Given that a conditional measure is Gaussian, how bad can the original measure be?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be Banach spaces, and let $\varphi : X \to Y$ be a continuous linear map. Suppose that $\mathbb P$ is a probability measure on $X$ which satisfies the continuous disintegration ...
5
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171 views

Generalization of the non-existence of a monostatic planar body

Domokos, Papadopulos, and Ruina showed that there does not exist a convex planar rigid body of uniform density which has only one orientation of stable equilibrium and one orientation of unstable ...
5
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123 views

BKS pairing in the SU(2) Chern-Simons theory

I know that usually, the way to compare the Hilbert spaces arising from $SU(2)$ Chern-Simons theory with different Kähler polarizations is via the Hitchin connection. However, it should be possible, I ...
5
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140 views

what books to read to quickly understand adiabatic approximation

Hi group, I'm a theoretical ecologist with fairly adequate training in applied math (ODE, linear algebra, applied probability, some PDEs). In my current work, I've encountered the use of adiabatic ...
5
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247 views

Quantum dynamics on varieties: asymptotic quantum trace distance on SHL varieties

The Question Asked Definition: the Second-Hand Lion trace distance $D_k$ Let $\mathcal{M}^{(kk)}_r$ be the set of $k\times k$ complex matrices of rank $\le r$ having unit trace norm. Then the ...
5
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432 views

Lebesgue measure on Frechet space?

It is well known that there are no Lebesgue measures on infinite-dimensional Banach spaces (see e.g. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/There_is_no_infinite-dimensional_Lebesgue_measure). However, I ...
4
votes
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195 views

Local version of a slice (for a Lie group action)

Let $\Upsilon: G \times M \to M$ be a smooth action of a Lie group $G$ on a manifold $M$. Isenberg and Marsden (1982) define a slice at $m \in M$ as a submanifold $S \subseteq M$ containing $m$ such ...
4
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0answers
123 views

semiclassical proof of Wigner semicircle

In Terence Tao's discussion of the Gaussian Unitary Ensemble, he derives the Dyson and Airy kernels. The GUE is the probability distribution of the eigenvalues of a random Hermitian matrix. \[ \int ...
4
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84 views

Differences of Numbers of Helicity States in 4-dimensional Strings

The question whether the states in $D=2m + 2$ dimensional string theory, which carry a representation of $SO(2m)$, span spaces which carry representations of $SO(2m+1)$ seems hopelessly complicated. ...
4
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98 views

Is there a maximal finite depth infinite index irreducible subfactor?

A subfactor $N \subset M $ is irreducible if $N' \cap M = \mathbb{C} $. It's maximal if it admits no non-trivial intermediate subfactors $N \subset P \subset M $. It's cyclic if its lattice of ...
4
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264 views

Which orbits of a separable representation of the infinite unitary group are closed?

Consider a separable irreducible unitary representation of $U(\mathcal{H})$ in the Hilbert space $V$. Assume that $\mathcal{H}$ is separable. My question is the following: Is it true that all ...
4
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415 views

Open question: non-commutative site following Grothendieck, Quillen, Connes and Crane for quantum gravity.

This is an open question and it's to find out who is interested in this kind of thing, who can benefit from thinking about this. It is very brief but hopefully will only be unclear to people who are ...
4
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0answers
110 views

FRT construction in the case of super algebras

I'm looking on papers which are talking about the super quantum algebra osp(2|1). I want to understand how one applies the FRT construction in the case of osp(2|1). Of course there is a super ...
4
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329 views

Jones Polynomial and Quantum Field Theory

I am trying Witten's paper but unable to re-produce the computations presented in the paper. I tried few things on internet but all these tutorials explicitly don't show the calculations and refer to ...
4
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0answers
314 views

Correlation functions of complex operators

One defines the "scaling dimension" (as opposed to "engineering dimension") of an operator $\cal{O}$ as $[\cal{O}]$ such that if $\cal{O}(t^{-1}x) = t^{[\cal{O}]}\cal{O}(x)$ then the Lagrangian in ...
4
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399 views

Cartan 3-form on a Lie group G

Does anyone have a reference to learn more about the Cartan $3$-form on a group manifold $G$? I have read that the WZW term is nothing more than the integral of the pullback of the Cartan $3$-form via ...
4
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0answers
170 views

Bundle of Dirac (Elliptic) operator on $T^2$

I am a physicist with weak math background and am reading a paper (pdf) on the electronic structure of graphene(wiki) (a 2D carbon sheet with hexagonal lattice structure). In the paper they claim it ...
4
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0answers
128 views

Uniqueness for solution of a d-dbar system related to Davey-Stewartson Solitons

This question concerns a system of equations that arise in the study of one-soliton solutions to the Davey-Stewartson equation. In what follows, $f(z)$ denotes a function which depends smoothly (but ...
4
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103 views

Regularity of reflection coefficients (or more generally the scattering transform)

Consider the Schrodinger operator $L(q) = -\partial_x^2 + q(x)$ where the potential $q$ is a real-valued function of a real variable which decays sufficiently rapidly at $\pm \infty$. We define the ...
3
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51 views

Closed form for 3j-symbol ratios

I am working on the spherical harmonic decomposition of cosmic microwave background maps, therefore I often deal with functions that are proportional to Wigner 3J symbols/Clebsch–Gordan ...
3
votes
0answers
164 views

Elementary proof of lack of phase transition in Ising models with external fields

I have a question about the phase transitions in the Ising model in the presence of a (constant) external magnetic field. I will state the question on $\mathbb Z^2$ for simplicity. A definition of the ...
3
votes
0answers
96 views

Where is there a treatment of double field theory other than in local coordinates?

The n-lab seems to lack a treatment of double field theory. Where is there a treatment other than in local coordinates? Or at least one which identifies the coordinates as local coordinates for a ...
3
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0answers
83 views

What does the renormalization group flow corresponding to a turbulent subrange with a broad band forcing look like?

In a renormalization group analysis of turbulent flows, such as for example done by Barbi and Münster here who derive an action for the Navier-Stokes equations, insert it into the Wilson equation, and ...
3
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0answers
197 views

Looking for a necessary and sufficient condition for the polarization $\mathbb{P}$ being positive

My question is about positivity of polarization in Geometric quantization theory. Let $\mathbb{P}$, be a complex polarization on symplectic manifold $(M,\Omega)$. For every $m\in M$, we can define a ...