Mathematical methods in quantum field theory, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, condensed matter, nuclear and atomic physics.

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2
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2answers
177 views

Proving the non-degeneracy of the critical points of the potential function for a certain vector field with $ n $ point-singularities

This question is an expansion of another question that I asked over at Math Stack Exchange. In what follows, $ \alpha \in \mathbb{R}_{> 1} $ is a constant, $ n $ a fixed integer $ \geq 2 $, and $ ...
5
votes
0answers
48 views

Does the Hodge *-operator act on the tangent space at 0 to the space of integral (n-1)-cycles in a conformal manifold of dimension d=2n?

Suppose $M$ is a compact, oriented conformal manifold of even dimension $d=2n$. Write ${\cal D}^{\mathit{int}}_{k}(M)$ for the space of integral $k$-currents in $M$ and write ${\cal ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

diffusion and potentials in several dimensions

In a Lagrangian field theory there are conserved quantities, like total energy. This allows geometric arguments to be made about the behaviour of a system with known potential. (E.g. on asymptotic ...
11
votes
1answer
202 views

Digital physics and “Gandy-like” machines

Various physicists, famously John Wheeler, have asserted that physical information is the central object of study in physics, in the sense that an object or concept is "physically meaningful" if it ...
3
votes
0answers
79 views

Deformation quantization of Poisson bracket without star-product

Kontsevich's formality theorem implies in particular that star-products on a $C^\infty$-manifold $M$, $$f\star g = fg + \sum_{k\geq1} \hbar^k B_k(f,g),\qquad f,g\in C^\infty(M),$$ where $B_k$ are ...
22
votes
4answers
1k views

How is tropicalization like taking the classical limit?

There is a folk — I can't call it a theorem — "fact" that the mathematical relationship between Complex and Tropical geometry is analogous to the physical relationship between Quantum and ...
1
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0answers
35 views

The ground state energy of an atom as a function of an external electric field

I think this question belongs to mathematical physics. The Hamiltonian of an N-electron atom in a homogeneous electric field is $$ H =\left( \sum_{i=1}^N \frac{p_i^2}{2m } - \frac{Z e^2}{r_i} - E_z ...
4
votes
1answer
99 views

Calculus of variations when functional involves inverse of the function

Typically the Euler-Lagrange equations are defined for the functional $$ J[u] = \int_a^b L(x,u,u') dx. $$ However, I was wondering if anyone knows if they can be solved when the expression involves ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

How to obtain a classical r-matrix from a quantum R-matrix?

Let $R$ be a quantum R-matrix. Is there a procedure to dequantize $R$ and obtain a classical r-matrix? Thank you very much.
4
votes
0answers
66 views

Periodicity of KdV equation in relation to zero-curvature equation

In most of the resources that I have read, integrable systems described by a PDE posses a zero-curvature equation $$ \partial_t U - \partial_x V + [U,V] = 0 $$ which gives rise to the monodromy matrix ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Possible lower bound in quantum many body system with non-local terms

I am asking a question related to Lieb-Robinson bound and nonlocality. As we know from Lieb-Robinson theorem (see e.g. http://arxiv.org/abs/1008.5137): Suppose a Hamiltonian system is local, i.e. ...
6
votes
1answer
166 views

Short examples that are/are not quantum-ergodic

Are there any considerably short examples of manifolds that are/aren't quantum ergodic, or quantum unique ergodic? Note that a (compact) Riemannian manifold is said to be quantum ergodic if ...
4
votes
1answer
288 views

AKSZ sigma models for higher spin

The AKSZ framework constructs 2D sigma models in the BV formalism. Is there a generalization of the AKSZ approach to higher spin?
9
votes
3answers
552 views

References for Yang-Mills Theory

We are looking to run a working seminar about the Yang-Mills story. We hope that our seminars is of interest to analysts (working with curvatures and Ricci flows on Riemannian manifolds), the ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Pfaffian of several skew-linear transformations / matrices

Introduction: Let's assume we have a 2-form $\alpha=(1/2)\sum_{j,k=1}^n a_{jk}\ e_j\wedge e_k$, where $n=2m$, and $a_{jk}\in\mathbb C$. We know that $\alpha^{\wedge ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

Applications of Euler-Cauchy ODEs

The Euler-Cauchy ODE (2nd order, homogeneous version) is: $$ x^2 y'' + a x y' + b y = 0 $$ Looking in various books on ODEs and a random walk on a web search (i.e. I didn't click on every link, but ...
7
votes
4answers
434 views

General Relativity and Differential Geometry intuitions of Second Bianchi Identity

In General Relativity, one uses the Riemann Tensor in its coordinate form $R_{abcd}$, and proves the Second Bianchi Identity- $R_{abcd;e} + R_{abde;c} + R_{abec;d} = 0$ It is said that ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

The Yamabe problem and $\phi^4$ scalar field theory?

The other day I happened to be browsing this page on wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mass_gap In the middle of the page is the equation $$\square\phi+\lambda\phi^3=0$$ where $\square$ is the ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

An analytic family of in fact non-existent improper Riemann integrals

Question: Are there any useful interpretations or "applications" of the formula $$\intop_0^\infty e^{-ax}\frac{\sin x}{x}\,dx=\frac{\pi}{2}-\arctan(a)\qquad \forall\;a\in \mathbb{R}, $$ in which the ...
37
votes
8answers
3k views

Physical meaning of the Lebesgue measure

Question (informal) Is there an empirically verifiable scientific experiment that can empirically confirm that the Lebesgue measure has physical meaning beyond what can be obtained using just the ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Invariance of spin coefficients

I have a question about how spin coefficients (Newman Penrose formalism) transform. I know that if we perform a tetrad rotation, say of Class III: $(l,n,m,\overline{m})\mapsto \left(\frac{1}{A}l, ...
3
votes
2answers
168 views

Two point function of a free scalar field in Euclidean space-time

This question was previously asked here http://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/251927/two-point-function-of-a-free-massless-scalar-field-in-euclidean-space-time though I did not get there an ...
4
votes
0answers
113 views

Why do we care about simplicity of the spectrum in Oseledets' theorem?

Oseledets' theorem is a fundamental result in Ergodic theory (see for example here, or Chapter 4 of Lectures on Lyapunov Exponents by Marcelo Viana). The simplicity of the spectrum has been studied ...
6
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0answers
101 views

Chern-Simons form and Rarita-Schwinger operator

The Rarita-Schwinger (RS) operator naturally generalizes the Dirac operator and in Physics it describes particles with spin-3/2. I was wondering if there exists any reference concerning the ...
6
votes
1answer
162 views

Time-Energy Uncertainty Relation in relativistic Quantum Mechanics

There is an old intriguing result in non-relativistic QM, stating (roughly) that there is an Heisenberg Time-Energy Uncertainty Relation. Unfortunately, in QM time is not an operator like space, ...
7
votes
1answer
252 views

Rotation invariance of an integral

Consider the integral depending on 2 parameters $$f(\tau,x):=\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\frac{dp}{\sqrt{p^2+1}}e^{-\sqrt{p^2+1}\tau+ipx},$$ where $\tau >0,x\in \mathbb{R}$. This integral absolutely ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Dynamics of pairwise distances in the $n$-body problem

Disclaimer: I have asked this question on Physics SE a week ago, but got no answers. I know that some MO users are interested in the $n$-body problem, so I decided to cross post here as well. ...
9
votes
0answers
300 views

Why do we study symplectic geometry? [closed]

What is the motivation behind studying smooth manifolds with a non-degenerate closed two-form? The subject certainly originated from physics, but is there a deeper reason for why it is still an ...
2
votes
0answers
675 views

What's the probability distribution of a deterministic signal or how to marginalize dynamical systems? (functional integrals in probability theory)

In many signal processing calculations, the (prior) probability distribution of the theoretical signal (not the signal + noise) is required. In random signal theory, this distribution is typically a ...
3
votes
1answer
170 views

Self-adjointness of the components of the magnetic derivative

On $L^{2}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ define the operator $\Pi_{j} u := (-i\partial/\partial x_{j} - A_{j})u$, where $A_{j} \in L^{2}_{loc}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ represents the $j$-th component of the magnetic ...
0
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0answers
75 views

Is $n+\frac {1}{2}$ in Kendall-Mann numbers and quantum harmonic oscillator related?

It is known that quantum harmonic oscillator is connected to the symmetric group of infinite order which is isomorphic to the permutation group. According to Cayley's theorem any finite group is ...
2
votes
1answer
277 views

Which bundles does the character variety parameterize?

For any Riemann surface with punctures $C$, and Lie group $G$, the character variety is the space of maps $\mathrm{Hom}(\pi_1(C), G)$. I know that if $G= S_n$ (not a lie group), then ...
10
votes
2answers
418 views

How to prove this determinant is positive-II?

Question: Given an arbitrary number of real matrices of the form $ A_i= \biggl(\begin{matrix} C_i+E_i & B_i \\ B_i^T & D_i-F_i \end{matrix} \biggr) $, where $B_i$ is an arbitrary $n\times n$ ...
6
votes
0answers
131 views

intuitive connection between The KdV equations and the Virasoro bott group

I posted this on stack exchange but had no joy, perhaps someone here can answer : The Euler Arnold equation expresses equations (usually from mathematical physics) as geodesic equations on a Lie ...
1
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0answers
94 views

A mathematical biology reference request

Is there any mathematical articles that describe the differential equation modelling of locomotion of amoeba using pseduopodia? I am looking for physics based models of pressure difference modeling of ...
23
votes
2answers
870 views

What is the relation between sphere spectrum and supersymmetry?

In this this google+ post of Urs Schreiber, he says: "Grading over the sphere spectrum is supersymmetry" and then he redirect us to the abstract idea of superalgebra (in nLab). Are there some ...
2
votes
0answers
220 views

Is there a Bayesian theory of deterministic signal? Prequel and motivation for my previous question

This is a prequel to my question: What's the probability distribution of a deterministic signal? (functional integrals in probability theory) Clearly my question looks at the same time fairly ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Importance of a Hamiltonian integrable system be a bi-Hamiltonian system?

Once I know a complete integrable system $(f_1=H,\ldots,f_m):M^{2m}\to\mathbb{R}$, $H$ being the Hamiltonian of the system. What is the importance to know about a second Hamiltonian representation for ...
7
votes
1answer
396 views

TQFT characterization of braiding statistics

In the TQFT language, quasiparticles correspond to Wilson loop operators. It is well-known that quasiparticles can have non-trivial braiding statistics. Take $2+1$ dimensional Abelian Chern-Simons ...
7
votes
3answers
443 views

In Gromov-Witten theory, why is the string coupling constant weighted by $2g-2$?

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau threefold and let us fix a homology class $\beta\in H_2(X,\mathbb Z)$, just for simplicity. The generating series of Gromov-Witten invariants of $X$ in class $\beta$, $$\mathsf ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

How to compute $t_0$ and $r^0$ in Belavin-Drinfeld's classification of solutions of classical Yang-Baxter equations?

I tried to understand Belavin-Drinfeld's classification of solutions of classical Yang-Baxter equations. In the book a guide to quantum groups, on page 83, there is an example of solutions of the ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

find solution of complex number recurrence equation

I have the following recurrence equation: $$(\mu\ n + \nu) f_{n} + J\Phi^{*} \sqrt{n+1}f_{n+1} + J\Phi\ \sqrt{n}f_{n-1} = 0$$ for complex numbers $f_{n}$ where $n = 0,1,2,3,...,\infty$ and complex ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Hessians on Kahler Manifolds

This is primarily a linear algebra question, but for motivation I want to state this question in its natural, global context. Whenever we have a non-relativistic quantum field theory (renormalized, ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Short time existence on nonlinear parabolic PDE

I saw several papers that without proof accept the fact "Short time existence on nonlinear parabolic PDE" is there any affirmative proof of this fact? in which book we have this fact, the number of ...
0
votes
2answers
318 views

Existence and uniqueness for two-dimensional time-dependent Schrödinger equation

I currently have to deal with time-dependent Schrödinger equations in two variables on bounded domains and wanted to find out about uniqueness and existence of solutions. Unfortunately, I am a ...
8
votes
0answers
133 views

Summation of series involving $\sinh$ of a square root

Consider the following series: $$ S = \sum_{\text{odd } n} \sum_{\text{odd } m} \frac{(-1)^{(n+m)/2}}{nm} \frac{\sinh( \pi \sqrt{n^2 + m^2}/2)}{\sinh( \pi \sqrt{n^2 + m^2})} $$ From the physical ...
9
votes
1answer
236 views

Is the regularization of a Fourier transform unique?

The Fourier transform of the Coulomb potential $1/\vert \mathbf r \vert$ of an electric charge doesn't converge because one obtains $$F(k)=\frac {4\pi}{k} \int_0^\infty \sin(kr) dr.$$ The standard ...
6
votes
0answers
113 views

Reference for supergroupoids in supersymmetry?

I would like to know some references on supergroupoids in supersymmetry. A supersymmetry is invariance under a supergroup action (nLab, Supersymmetry). It is know that groupoids provide a local ...
4
votes
0answers
102 views

Christoffel-Darboux type identity

The classical Christoffel-Darboux identity for Hermite polynomials reads $$\sum_{k=0}^n\frac{H_k(x)H_k(y)}{2^k k!}=\frac{1}{2^{n+1} n!}\frac{H_{n+1}(x)H_n(y)-H_n(x)H_{n+1}(y)}{x-y}.$$ I am ...