Mathematical methods in quantum field theory, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, condensed matter, nuclear and atomic physics.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
0answers
51 views

Why do we care about simplicity of the spectrum in Oseledets' theorem?

Oseledets' theorem is a fundamental result in Ergodic theory (see for example here, or Chapter 4 of Lectures on Lyapunov Exponents by Marcelo Viana). The simplicity of the spectrum has been studied ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Geometry of Rogers-Ramanujan continued fraction

I'd like to understand the underlying geometry of the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fraction from the point of view of integrable systems (ideally Toda type theories). The generating function $R(z) = ...
6
votes
0answers
79 views

Chern-Simons form and Rarita-Schwinger operator

The Rarita-Schwinger (RS) operator naturally generalizes the Dirac operator and in Physics it describes particles with spin-3/2. I was wondering if there exists any reference concerning the ...
6
votes
1answer
131 views

Time-Energy Uncertainty Relation in relativistic Quantum Mechanics

There is an old intriguing result in non-relativistic QM, stating (roughly) that there is an Heisenberg Time-Energy Uncertainty Relation. Unfortunately, in QM time is not an operator like space, ...
6
votes
1answer
221 views

Rotation invariance of an integral

Consider the integral depending on 2 parameters $$f(\tau,x):=\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\frac{dp}{\sqrt{p^2+1}}e^{-\sqrt{p^2+1}\tau+ipx},$$ where $\tau >0,x\in \mathbb{R}$. This integral absolutely ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

First Chern class and second Chern class in Quantizable Kaehler manifolds

Assume that $(X,\omega)$ is a K\"ahler manifold and $L\to X$ be a pre-quantum line bundle, then is there any relation between first Chern class and second chern class?
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Dynamics of pairwise distances in the $n$-body problem

Disclaimer: I have asked this question on Physics SE a week ago, but got no answers. I know that some MO users are interested in the $n$-body problem, so I decided to cross post here as well. ...
8
votes
0answers
261 views

Why do we study symplectic geometry? [on hold]

What is the motivation behind studying smooth manifolds with a non-degenerate closed two-form? The subject certainly originated from physics, but is there a deeper reason for why it is still an ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

Two point function of a free scalar field in Euclidean space-time

This question was previously asked here http://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/251927/two-point-function-of-a-free-massless-scalar-field-in-euclidean-space-time though I did not get there an ...
2
votes
0answers
593 views

What's the probability distribution of a deterministic signal or how to marginalize dynamical systems? (functional integrals in probability theory)

In many signal processing calculations, the (prior) probability distribution of the theoretical signal (not the signal + noise) is required. In random signal theory, this distribution is typically a ...
8
votes
3answers
332 views

References for Yang-Mills Theory

We are looking to run a working seminar about the Yang-Mills story. We hope that our seminars is of interest to analysts (working with curvatures and Ricci flows on Riemannian manifolds), the ...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

Self-adjointness of the components of the magnetic derivative

On $L^{2}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ define the operator $\Pi_{j} u := (-i\partial/\partial x_{j} - A_{j})u$, where $A_{j} \in L^{2}_{loc}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ represents the $j$-th component of the magnetic ...
2
votes
2answers
170 views

Proving the non-degeneracy of the critical points of the potential function for a certain vector field with $ n $ point-singularities

This question is an expansion of another question that I asked over at Math Stack Exchange. In what follows, $ \alpha \in \mathbb{R}_{> 1} $ is a constant, $ n $ a fixed integer $ \geq 2 $, and $ ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Is $n+\frac {1}{2}$ in Kendall-Mann numbers and quantum harmonic oscillator related?

It is known that quantum harmonic oscillator is connected to the symmetric group of infinite order which is isomorphic to the permutation group. According to Cayley's theorem any finite group is ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Invariance of spin coefficients

I have a question about how spin coefficients (Newman Penrose formalism) transform. I know that if we perform a tetrad rotation, say of Class III: $(l,n,m,\overline{m})\mapsto \left(\frac{1}{A}l, ...
2
votes
1answer
275 views

Which bundles does the character variety parameterize?

For any Riemann surface with punctures $C$, and Lie group $G$, the character variety is the space of maps $\mathrm{Hom}(\pi_1(C), G)$. I know that if $G= S_n$ (not a lie group), then ...
10
votes
2answers
409 views

How to prove this determinant is positive-II?

Question: Given an arbitrary number of real matrices of the form $ A_i= \biggl(\begin{matrix} C_i+E_i & B_i \\ B_i^T & D_i-F_i \end{matrix} \biggr) $, where $B_i$ is an arbitrary $n\times n$ ...
6
votes
0answers
123 views

intuitive connection between The KdV equations and the Virasoro bott group

I posted this on stack exchange but had no joy, perhaps someone here can answer : The Euler Arnold equation expresses equations (usually from mathematical physics) as geodesic equations on a Lie ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

A mathematical biology reference request

Is there any mathematical articles that describe the differential equation modelling of locomotion of amoeba using pseduopodia? I am looking for physics based models of pressure difference modeling of ...
24
votes
2answers
830 views

What is the relation between sphere spectrum and supersymmetry?

In this this google+ post of Urs Schreiber, he says: "Grading over the sphere spectrum is supersymmetry" and then he redirect us to the abstract idea of superalgebra (in nLab). Are there some ...
2
votes
0answers
200 views

Is there a Bayesian theory of deterministic signal? Prequel and motivation for my previous question

This is a prequel to my question: What's the probability distribution of a deterministic signal? (functional integrals in probability theory) Clearly my question looks at the same time fairly ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Importance of a Hamiltonian integrable system be a bi-Hamiltonian system?

Once I know a complete integrable system $(f_1=H,\ldots,f_m):M^{2m}\to\mathbb{R}$, $H$ being the Hamiltonian of the system. What is the importance to know about a second Hamiltonian representation for ...
7
votes
1answer
393 views

TQFT characterization of braiding statistics

In the TQFT language, quasiparticles correspond to Wilson loop operators. It is well-known that quasiparticles can have non-trivial braiding statistics. Take $2+1$ dimensional Abelian Chern-Simons ...
7
votes
3answers
436 views

In Gromov-Witten theory, why is the string coupling constant weighted by $2g-2$?

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau threefold and let us fix a homology class $\beta\in H_2(X,\mathbb Z)$, just for simplicity. The generating series of Gromov-Witten invariants of $X$ in class $\beta$, $$\mathsf ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

How to compute $t_0$ and $r^0$ in Belavin-Drinfeld's classification of solutions of classical Yang-Baxter equations?

I tried to understand Belavin-Drinfeld's classification of solutions of classical Yang-Baxter equations. In the book a guide to quantum groups, on page 83, there is an example of solutions of the ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Possible lower bound in quantum many body system with non-local terms

I am asking a question related to Lieb-Robinson bound and nonlocality. As we know from Lieb-Robinson theorem (see e.g. http://arxiv.org/abs/1008.5137): Suppose a Hamiltonian system is local, i.e. ...
6
votes
1answer
138 views

Short examples that are/are not quantum-ergodic

Are there any considerably short examples of manifolds that are/aren't quantum ergodic, or quantum unique ergodic? Note that a (compact) Riemannian manifold is said to be quantum ergodic if ...
4
votes
1answer
266 views

AKSZ sigma models for higher spin

The AKSZ framework constructs 2D sigma models in the BV formalism. Is there a generalization of the AKSZ approach to higher spin?
1
vote
1answer
149 views

find solution of complex number recurrence equation

I have the following recurrence equation: $$(\mu\ n + \nu) f_{n} + J\Phi^{*} \sqrt{n+1}f_{n+1} + J\Phi\ \sqrt{n}f_{n-1} = 0$$ for complex numbers $f_{n}$ where $n = 0,1,2,3,...,\infty$ and complex ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Hessians on Kahler Manifolds

This is primarily a linear algebra question, but for motivation I want to state this question in its natural, global context. Whenever we have a non-relativistic quantum field theory (renormalized, ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Short time existence on nonlinear parabolic PDE

I saw several papers that without proof accept the fact "Short time existence on nonlinear parabolic PDE" is there any affirmative proof of this fact? in which book we have this fact, the number of ...
0
votes
2answers
314 views

Existence and uniqueness for two-dimensional time-dependent Schrödinger equation

I currently have to deal with time-dependent Schrödinger equations in two variables on bounded domains and wanted to find out about uniqueness and existence of solutions. Unfortunately, I am a ...
8
votes
0answers
120 views

Summation of series involving $\sinh$ of a square root

Consider the following series: $$ S = \sum_{\text{odd } n} \sum_{\text{odd } m} \frac{(-1)^{(n+m)/2}}{nm} \frac{\sinh( \pi \sqrt{n^2 + m^2}/2)}{\sinh( \pi \sqrt{n^2 + m^2})} $$ From the physical ...
9
votes
1answer
233 views

Is the regularization of a Fourier transform unique?

The Fourier transform of the Coulomb potential $1/\vert \mathbf r \vert$ of an electric charge doesn't converge because one obtains $$F(k)=\frac {4\pi}{k} \int_0^\infty \sin(kr) dr.$$ The standard ...
6
votes
0answers
112 views

Reference for supergroupoids in supersymmetry?

I would like to know some references on supergroupoids in supersymmetry. A supersymmetry is invariance under a supergroup action (nLab, Supersymmetry). It is know that groupoids provide a local ...
4
votes
0answers
97 views

Christoffel-Darboux type identity

The classical Christoffel-Darboux identity for Hermite polynomials reads $$\sum_{k=0}^n\frac{H_k(x)H_k(y)}{2^k k!}=\frac{1}{2^{n+1} n!}\frac{H_{n+1}(x)H_n(y)-H_n(x)H_{n+1}(y)}{x-y}.$$ I am ...
22
votes
6answers
2k views

Number theory and physics

I was following some lectures by Edward Frenkel about Langlands correspondence. He was describing some analogies between number theory and theoretical physics (Mirror symmetry). At some point ( my ...
5
votes
2answers
433 views

“Noncommutative heat equation” — a strange generalization of Killing vectors for a flat metric

Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth (pseudo)Riemannian manifold with a flat metric $g$, and $X$, $Y$ be vector fields on $M$ such that $$ L_X^2 (g)=L_Y(g). \hspace{70mm} \mbox{(1)} $$ where $L_Z$ is the Lie ...
9
votes
1answer
135 views

Infinitesimal variation of spectrum of Schrödinger operator with changing domain

Suppose we have a Schrödinger operator $$-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+V(x)$$ defined on $[a,b]$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions. I am interested in whether there are any results for the variation of the ...
5
votes
1answer
172 views

power laws emerging from the sandpile model

Is there a rigorous proof that the abelian sandpile model generates a power law distribution of avalanche lengths?
2
votes
0answers
185 views

Quantum Mechanics derivation of Wallis' Formula?

Recently there was a proof of the Wallis Product using quantum mechanics on the arXiv. However, there are many proofs of the result, Wikipedia has 4. Fine Print the first proof has on Wikipedia, the ...
6
votes
2answers
305 views

Principal bundle approach to general relativity

I am curious if there is any literature (texbooks, mainly, but articles will do too, though I don't have easy access to any paid journal) that deals with general relativity by using Ehresmann ...
103
votes
41answers
35k views

Where does a math person go to learn quantum mechanics?

My undergraduate advisor said something very interesting to me the other day; it was something like "not knowing quantum mechanics is like never having heard a symphony." I've been meaning to learn ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Vector fields for volumetric-deviatoric decomposition

The strain tensor $\epsilon(u) = \frac12 (\nabla u + (\nabla u)^T)$ in linear elasticity can be decomposed additively into volumetric and deviatoric strains \begin{gather*} \epsilon_D(u) &= ...
5
votes
1answer
171 views

When two vertex (operator) algebras can be patched-up to a full CFT on a genus 0 surface?

Theorem 3 of the nLab article "Full field algebra" states that Theorem 3. Two vertex operator algebras $V$ may appear as the left and right chiral halfs of a full conformal field theory precisely ...
88
votes
26answers
19k views

A soft introduction to physics for mathematicians who don't know the first thing about physics

There have been similar questions on mathoverflow, but the answers always gave some advanced introduction to the mathematics of quantum field theory, or string theory and so forth. While those may be ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

underdamped oscillation with quadratic decay

I know that for a 2nd order linear differential equation system, there are 3 possible scenarios: over-damped, critically damped and underdamped. For the underdamped case the solutions are of the form: ...
15
votes
6answers
2k views

Can I derive the Boltzmann distribution by an invariance argument?

In statistical mechanics, the Boltzmann distribution gives the probability of a system being in state $i$ as $$\displaystyle \frac{e^{- \beta E_i}}{\sum_i e^{-\beta E_i}}$$ where $E_i$ is the energy ...
5
votes
0answers
66 views

Distinguishing the Duflo star product

$\newcommand{\g}{\mathfrak g}\newcommand{\h}{\hbar}$ For a finite dimensional Lie algebra $\g$, he Duflo isomorphism is a complicated algebra isomorphism between the $\g$-invariant part $S(\g)^\g$ of ...