**2**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### “Semiclassical approximation” in random matrix theory

I am reading Planar Diagrams by Brezin, Parisi, Itzykson and Zuber. If you specialize the discussion in section 5 there we seem to derive the eigenvalue distribution of $N \times N$ random Hermitian ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

40 views

### translation invariance of the Laughlin wave function

This is a translation into math of the following question, posted on PhysicsOverflow.
Let $H:=L^2(\mathbb C)$.
For every $N$, let $\psi_N\in\Lambda^N H\cong (L^2(\mathbb C^N))^{S_N}$ be the function
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

292 views

### Variation formula of a metric [on hold]

In Terry Tao's notes on the Poincare Conjecture, he makes a jump I can't understand.
From differentiating the identity $g^{\alpha \beta}g_{\beta \gamma} = \delta^\alpha_\gamma$ we obtain the ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Mathematical study of Mpemba effect?

It has been known since the days of Aristotle and Descartes that under certain circumstances warm water freezes faster than cold water. This effect is now commonly known as the Mpemba effect, named ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

27 views

### Probability of close approach for multivariate normal variables

The following problem comes from a physical model of two groups of particles in three dimensions. I need to know the probability that the two groups of particles approach each other within some ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

227 views

### Positivity of the Coulomb energy in two dimensions

In dimensions $d\geq 3$ the Coulomb energy is always non-negative (since the Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{|\cdot|^{d-2}}$ is non-negative). What can one say about positivity properties of the ...

**-5**

votes

**0**answers

34 views

### Diffusion Equation [on hold]

Kindly give me suggestions on my following assignment of Simulations in Fluid Flow:
Solve the following differential equation for transport of f(x,y,z,t) by MS Excel
∂f/∂t+Ux ∂f/∂x+Uy ∂f/∂z+Uz ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

168 views

### Can one classify irreducible unitary representations of the Weyl algebra?

I saw in this MO post: Is there a machinery describing all the irreducible representations ? that classifying irreducible representations of the Weyl algebra is essentially intractable. My question is ...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

28 views

### Second order differential equation (cylindrical coord) [closed]

I can't figure out this diff equation (in cylindrical coordinate). How can I solve it ?
Any comments appreciated
$$
\frac{1}{r}\frac{d}{dr}(r\frac{dE}{dr})+\frac{d^2E}{dz^2}+(\epsilon_0 ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

508 views

### Solution of Helmholtz-Equation where Phase is restricted by additional PDE

Hello!
Let's say I have
$(\partial_x^2 + \partial_y^2 + a)f(x,y)=0$
with $f(x,y) \in \mathbb{C}$, ($\lim_{x,y \to \infty} f(x,y)=0$).
Now separate the Amplitude and Phase of the solution:
...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

259 views

### What is the BRST-anti-BRST formalism?

What is the BRST-anti-BRST formalism?
Is the Sp(2) doublet the ghost, antighost pair?
Introductory accounts of this subject seem to be hard to find. I would appreciate a reference for someone who ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

337 views

### Anderson localization - an embarassment of riches

I am looking for a good, not too technical discussion of Anderson Localization, and some explanation of why it exists. Googling "Anderson Localization" produces an infinite number of possibilities, ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

352 views

### Harmonic Crystal using Random Walk

Me and my advisor were looking for a specific proof of the disorder in $2d$ harmonic crystals. We could not find a paper or a textbook with it, so I thought trying my luck here.
Basically, it is a ...

**16**

votes

**3**answers

882 views

### How mirror of quintic was originally found?

In the 90-91 pager
"A PAIR OF CALABI-YAU MANIFOLDS AS AN EXACTLY SOLUBLE SUPERCONFORMAL THEORY",
Candelas, De La Ossal, Green, and Parkes, brought up a family of Calabi-Yau 3-folds, canonically ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

52 views

### Bogomol’nyi’s Formula for the Critical Action

I'm studying Aigner's paper 'Existence of the Ginzburg-Landau Vortex Number' (2001) and I have some difficulties to prove the equality (3.1) , which is
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

130 views

### The Moyal action of a planar vector field

Let $X=P\frac{\partial}{\partial x}+Q\frac{\partial}{\partial y}$ be a polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Consider the following (Moyal) operator on $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$:
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### A technical question in Feix's construction of hyperkahler metric on cotangent bundles

I am now reading Feix's paper Hyperkahler metrics on cotangent bundles
and I have a technical question to ask.
In his paper, for an analytic Kähler manifold $(X,J,\omega)$, Feix considered its ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

176 views

### What are some good sanity checks for simulating BNLS?

After doing some googling, I failed to find any explicit solution for the Biharmonic Nonlinear Schrodinger Equation, which states:
$$
i\psi (x,t) _t - \Delta ^2 \psi (x,t) + |\psi (x,t) | ^{2 \sigma} ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Nature of separatrix in Fokker--Planck Hamiltonian with two degrees of freedom

Background The semiclassical (weak noise, small $D$) limit of the Fokker--Planck equation
$$\frac{\partial P}{\partial t}=D\frac{\partial^2 P}{\partial x^2}-\frac{\partial}{\partial x}(v(x) P)$$
can ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Ground State Degeneracy of 2+1D U(1) Chern Simons Theory?

I am a physics graduate student trying to understand more mathematical aspects of gauge theories.
How can I understand ground state degeneracy of a simple Chern Simons Theory: 2+1D U(1) $S= \int_M ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

348 views

### How to calculate the Rise speed of a travelling wave? [closed]

As you can see in this wikipedia animation
Phase velocity (red) and group velocity (green) are described, and both show different "speed" in the Propagation direction but what about the transverse ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### Basic question about differential forms and physics

When, if ever, can we view a differential form, e.g. like $dx \wedge dy$, as the similar looking expression used in physics to represent the product of "infinitesimals" e.g. $dx$ $dy$? In particular, ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

115 views

### Deformation quantization of a closed Riemann surface with genus >1

Quantization of of an elliptic curve can be done in different ways.
In C^*-algebraic version,
one can start with the C^*-algebra ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

89 views

### What are the differences and relations between R matrices solutions of Quantum Yang-Baxter equations and set-theoretical solutions of QYBE?

What are the differences and relations between R matrices solutions of Quantum Yang-Baxter equations and set-theoretical solutions of QYBE? Is it possible to write set-theoretical solutions of Quantum ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

63 views

### The normalization axiom of a quantization

Guillemin, Ginzburg and Karshon explain a quantization in their book [Chap 6,MR1929136] as follows.
The quantization is a process which associates to a symplectic manifold $M$ a Hilbert space ...

**6**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Mathematical Physics Book Recommendation

I want to learn contemporary mathematical physics, so that, for example, I can read Witten's latest paper without checking other sources again and again to find some basic definitions and theorems. I ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

174 views

### “extended TQFT” versus “TQFT with defects”

There are two ways in which higher categories appear in topological field theory: in extended TFTs and in TFTs with defects. How are these appearances related?
According to the Atiyah-Segal axioms, a ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

126 views

### What's the appropriate notion of a Unitary representation of a Lie algebra?

Here Lie algebras/groups are real. The most straightforward definition might be:
Def: A representation $\rho:\mathfrak{g} \rightarrow \mathfrak{gl}(V)$ is unitary if $V$ is equipped with a Hermitian ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

33 views

### Self-adjointness of the components of the magnetic derivative

On $L^{2}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ define the operator $\Pi_{j} u := (-i\partial/\partial x_{j} - A_{j})u$, where $A_{j} \in L^{2}_{loc}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ represents the $j$-th component of the magnetic ...

**17**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### What is quantum Brownian motion?

It seems that the current state of quantum Brownian motion is ill-defined. The best survey I can find is this one by László Erdös, but the closest the quantum Brownian motion comes to appearing is in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Equivalence of ensembles and $\sum_{N=0}^{\infty} \int_{-Bn}^{\infty} 1_{\text{{N>K or u>A}}}(u)e^{-\beta |\lambda_m|(\frac{u}{2}+n)}du $

I am thinking about a step in the proof of the equivalence of ensembles in StatMech on page 25. step from 3.19 to 3.20.
It seems to be argued there that for $A$ and $K$ large enough, the term
...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

863 views

### Spectral theorem for self-adjoint differential operator on Hilbert space

I need a reference concerning a theorem that shows the following result, stated very roughly:
Given a self-adjoint differential operator densely defined on a Hilbert space, then the given Hilbert ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

666 views

### Matrix integral identity

1) How to prove that $N\times N$ matrix integral over complex matrices $Z$
$$
\int d Z d Z^\dagger e^{-Tr Z Z^\dagger} \frac{x_1\det e^Z -x_2 \det ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

103 views

### Can any antilinear involution be trivialized by a change of basis?

Consider an antilinear involution, that is an antilinear map on a complex vector space, whose matrix $M$ obeys $MM^*=1$ where the star denotes complex conjugation. Can we find a change of basis whose ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

176 views

### Reference request for a treatment of Schwinger–Dyson equations

Is there a treatment of Schwinger–Dyson equations with no mention of Green's functions? Is there perhaps a purely algebraic analog?

**6**

votes

**2**answers

523 views

### References for a physicist migrating to stochastic processes

I've studied "Markov Chains" - Norris and "Measure, Integral and Probability" - Capinski, Kopp. Now, I'm looking for a couple of books (or other references) that help me bridging these two topics. ...

**46**

votes

**11**answers

5k views

### What is Quantization ?

I would like to know what quantization is, I mean I would like to have some elementary examples, some soft nontechnical definition, some explanation about what do mathematicians quantize?, can we ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

141 views

### A simple question in Hitchin's paper “The Geometry of Three-forms in Six Dimensions”

I am reading Hitchin's beautiful paper "The Geometry of Three-forms in Six Dimensions".
Everything goes smooth up to now except for a tiny problem in Section 6.2, which can be formulated as follows. ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

176 views

### Noncommutative geometry and line length

I would like to understand, in some formal sense, the relation between the Dirac operator and the line length introduced by Connes in noncommutative geometry. If $D$ is the Dirac operator, he sets $ds ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

154 views

### Are there any explicit probability conserving solvers for Pauli equation?

I know that there exist probability conserving explicit solvers for time-dependent Schrödinger's equation, for example, Visscher's one.
But when I tried to add spin into account in this scheme, it ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

105 views

### Dislocations,Disclinations Latices, Displacement fields and scaling

I am looking up Frank, and Burger vectors and associated material on dislocation/disclination. It seems straightforward describing a lattice and what dislocation means. It is even possible to restrict ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

940 views

### Spectral theory for self-adjoint field operators on a symmetric Fock space

Background
Suppose we have a finite-dimensional Hilbert space $H = \mathbb{C}^s$ (for a natural number s) and we construct the symmetric (or bosonic) Fock space built from it: $$F(H):= \mathbb{C} ...

**34**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Physics in Mathematics. Why ? What/how to catch?

Starting from 80-ies the ideas either coming from physics, or by physicists themselves (e.g. Witten) are shaping many directions in mathematics. It is tempting to paraphrase E. Wigner, saying about ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

769 views

### Why is there a connection between enumerative geometry and nonlinear waves?

I'm not 100% sure that this question is appropriate for this site. If it's not, please tell me and I'll delete it.
Recently I encountered in a class the fact that there is a generating function of ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

126 views

### A problem that involves matrix and Lorentz Transformation [closed]

To be clear I address the question in two parts as below. All matrixes involved are real four-dimensional matrixes.
$1.$Let $G$ be the matrix $diag(1,-1,-1,-1)$. $A$ is a matrix satisfying $A G ...

**74**

votes

**24**answers

14k views

### A soft introduction to physics for mathematicians who don't know the first thing about physics

There have been similar questions on mathoverflow, but the answers always gave some advanced introduction to the mathematics of quantum field theory, or string theory and so forth. While those may be ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

385 views

### Helmholtz equation Poynting vector integral

The Maxwell's equation for harmonic time dependent field in vacuum is
\begin{align}
\nabla \times B + i\omega E &= 0\\
\nabla \times E - i\omega B &= 0 \\
\nabla \cdot B &= 0 \\
\nabla ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### path integral and index theorem

I actually have an integral which is used to prove Atiyah-Singer index theorem for spin complex in a path integral fashion. The integral I need to evaluate is following (in simplified form)
$\int ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

140 views

### Level quantization of 7d $SO(N)$ Chern-Simons action

In 3d, one can write down the $SO(N)$ Chern-Simons action to be $$S(A)=\frac{k}{192\pi}\int_{M}\text{Tr}(A d A +\frac{2}{3}A^3),$$ where $A$ is an $SO(N)$ connection. The level quantization can be ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Generalizing “variation of parameters”

I'm stuck on generalizing an ODE formula and could use your help!
One way to think about "variation of parameters" is that it bakes the solution $z(t)=e^{At}z_0$ of $z'=Az$ (here ...