**5**

votes

**2**answers

321 views

### Generalized basis

In quantum mechanics, people introduce the notion of "continuous basis" (I actually don't know the mathematical denomination of it). It is not a Schauder basis. I would like to know what could be a ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What is about nonassociative geometry ?

At the end of a conference given by Alain Connes in 2000 (here is a video in French), a member of the audience asked a question. I transcribed and translated it for you below:
Audience: You showed ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

284 views

### Do circular pipes maximize flow rate?

Suppose that $U \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ is nonempty, open, connected and bounded. Consider a Poisseuille flow in the pipe $U \times \mathbb{R}$. That is: a time-independent incompressible flow of the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### The cyclic subfactors theory: a quantum arithmetic?

Context: First recall some results:
- Actions of finite groups on the hyperfinite type $II_{1}$ factor $R$ (Jones 1980).
- A Galois correspondence for depth 2 irreducible subfactors ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

308 views

### Computing a cobordism group of manifolds endowed with a real vector bundle with constraints on the Stiefel-Whitney classes

I am interested in computing the cobordism group of oriented manifolds $M$ of dimension 7 endowed with real vector bundles $N$ of rank 5 with the following conditions on the Siefel-Whitney classes:
$ ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

490 views

### Hodge decomposition in Minkowski space

This question is motivated by the physical description of magnetic monopoles. I will give the motivation, but you can also jump to the last section.
Let us recall Maxwell’s equations: Given a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Deriving Helfrich's shape equation for closed membranes

I have a bunch of papers that claim that, from the equation for shape energy:
$$ F = \frac{1}{2}k_c \int (c_1+c_2-c_0)^2 dA + \Delta p \int dV + \lambda \int dA$$
one can use "methods of variational ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

162 views

### Similarity solutions of the imaginary time Benjamin--Ono equation

This problem arose in the course of a theoretical physics project. We seek (complex) solutions of the imaginary time Benjamin--Ono equation
$$u_t-iu u_x-iu_{H,xx}=0$$
where $u_H(x,t)$ denotes the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

227 views

### When does a “constant of the motion” imply a Noether current in a quantum field theory?

Assume we are given a quantum field theory described by some functional. If $J$ is a Noether current, i.e. it is associated with a symmetry of the functional and satisfies $\partial_s J^s=0$ (Noether ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

344 views

### A question about time in Special and General Relativity. [closed]

I apologize if this question is considered too mathematically imprecise. My understanding of Special and
General Relativity comes from reading books which attempt to explain them to non-expertsin ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

491 views

### Dijkgraaf-Witten TQFT vs. Representation Theory?

From what I had read, group characters can be "glued" together in a topological fashion and there is something to this effect in the paper by Dijkgraaf and Witten. TQFT seems to be a topological ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

231 views

### Time has dimension $2$ with respect to the Ricci flow scaling

Terence Tao in his lecture notes on Ricci flow has written:
If we are to find a scale-invariant (and diffeomorphism-invariant) monotone quantity for Ricci flow, it had better be constant on the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

518 views

### On Perelman's paper

In section 5 in "The entropy formula for the Ricci flow and its geometric applications" Grisha Perelman has written:
Fix a closed manifold $M$ with a probability measure $m$, and suppose
that our ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

355 views

### Exact solutions to nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation

The nonlinear pde
$$
\partial_t^2\phi-\partial_x^2\phi+\lambda\phi^3=0
$$
has the exact solution
$$
\phi(x,t)=\mu\left(\frac{2}{\lambda}\right)^\frac{1}{4}{\rm sn}(p_0t-p\cdot x+\varphi,i)
$$
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

183 views

### An integral with Gamma functions (Part 2)

I was wondering if there is a generalization of the integral discussed here to a case like,
\begin{equation}\int \frac{d^dq}{q^{\nu_1}\vert \vec{q} \pm \vec{k}_1\vert ^{\nu_2}\vert \vec{q} \pm ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

343 views

### computing Bernoulli numbers

Is there a good way to compute the ratio ( B[n] / n! ) that occurs so often in power series coefficients? Good in the sense that you get an answer that does not overflow a double; the largest n such ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

141 views

### A heat kernel for Schrödinger operator with low-order terms

In "Schrödinger Operator: Heat Kernel and Its Applications", Feng computes the heat kernels associated to Schrödinger operators with at most quadratic potentials.
I am trying to see how these work ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

543 views

### What is the “fundamental theorem of invariant theory” ?

The basic question I guess can be formulated as - given two integers $N_f$ and $N_c$ what are the ways in which the fundamental and the anti-fundamental representations of $U(N_f)$ be combined to get ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

194 views

### Analytical continuation of electrostatic potentials

I'm having some trouble figuring out the properties with respect to analytical continuation of functions defined using an integral kernel. More particularly, I am working with the electrostatic ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

332 views

### Prove that the sum of a certain infinite series is 1

Prove the (numerically-evident) proposition that
\begin{equation}
\Sigma_{i=0}^\infty f(i) = 1,
\end{equation}
where
\begin{equation}
f(i)= 2^{-4 i-6} q(i) \frac{\Gamma(3 i+\frac{5}{2}) \Gamma(5 ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### Quantized conserved quantities appearing from the Lie-algebra

Hi,
consider a simple situation in quantum mechanics: Your Hilbert space is $\mathcal{H}=L^2(\mathbb{R}^3)$ and you use the obvious unitary representation $\pi\colon G=O(3)\times\mathbb{R}^3\to ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

285 views

### Probability distribution for two-state system that depends on residence time

I am a statistical physicist, and I've come across a problem that I don't know how to solve. I believe my issue lies with how to formulate it mathematically. I'd be very grateful for any assistance, ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

288 views

### BRST cohomology definition

Is there written anywhere a full definition of BRST cohomology? All I have found so far is BRST cohomology in _______.
As far as I can see, BRST cohomology is the ...

**32**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Recent fundamental new directions in PDEs

My main interests are in modern geometry/topology, algebra and mathematical physics. I observe that there is a raising communication, language and social barrier between this community and the ...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

737 views

### Quantum algorithms for dummies

I want to try my hand at designing quantum algorithms to solve certain problems. I feel like I understand (for example) how Grover's algorithm and Shor's algorithm work, and I'm excited to apply the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

290 views

### unitary equivalence

Let $U$ be the bilateral shift operator in $l^2(Z)$, and let $V$ stand for a rotation on an irrational angle $\alpha$ in $L^2(T, \mu)$, where $T$ is a circle with a rotation-invariant Lebesgue measure ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Extending the variational bicomplex to Hamiltion or Hamiltion-Jacobi formalism

The variational bicomplex seams to provide a modern formulation of the variational problem in terms of modern differential geometry. In particular the bigraded complex of differential forms ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### Exact sampling from 2D Ising model where coupling is constant?

What progress has been made towards sampling from the 2D lattice Ising model with the following Hamiltonian:
$H=-J\sum_{\langle i,j \rangle}S_iS_j - \sum_i b_iS_i$
Where the first sum runs over all ...

**18**

votes

**0**answers

272 views

### Infinitely many planets on a line, with Newtonian gravity

(I previously asked essentially this on physics.stackexchange, but was actually
hoping for answers with something closer to a proof than what I got there.)
Suppose we have a unit mass planet at each ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### What are the invariant definitions of spinorial quantities from mathematical physics?

When physicists write expressions involving spinors $\psi \in S \otimes V$, where $S=S_+ \oplus S_-$ is a complex spinor representation of a spin group $Spin(2d)$ and $V$ is a complex representation ...

**8**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Intuitionistic logic as quantization of classical logic?

A classically trained mathematician is more likely to be familiar (at least anecdotally) with an area of mathematical physics such as deformation quantization than with Intuitionistic logic. It is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

118 views

### Global maximum of non-concave function

Hello!
I have a set of function, such as
$f_1(x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4,x_5,x_6)=\frac{x_1}{1+x_1-x_6} + \frac{x_2}{1+x_2-x_5} + \frac{x_3}{1+x_3-x_4} + \frac{x_4}{1+x_4-x_3} + \frac{x_5}{1+x_5-x_2} + ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

490 views

### Energy functional

During my study on Ricci Flow I faced some functional known as energy functional. For example Einstein-Hilbert functional is called an energy functional, also in Perelman's works ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

266 views

### Which orbits of a separable representation of the infinite unitary group are closed?

Consider a separable irreducible unitary representation of $U(\mathcal{H})$ in the Hilbert space $V$. Assume that $\mathcal{H}$ is separable. My question is the following:
Is it true that all ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

246 views

### Explicit 2-Cocycles of G=Z2×Z2xZ2 over U(1)

We know that group cohomology $H^2(G,U(1))$ consists of 2-cocycles $\beta(A,B)\in U(1)$ corresponding to elements in the group $H^2(G,U(1))$, where $A\in G,B \in G$. Note that $\beta(A,B)$ satisfies ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

454 views

### Homotopy classes of maps to Lie groups

In Physics one often encounters maps from a certain manifold $M$ to a Lie group $G$. For example, in gauge theories, this gives a gauge transformation, wich is a symmetry of a theory. It is then ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### How would I apply Wick's theorem to the time-ordered product of three fields?

I think I know how to apply Wick's theorem in order to expand the time-ordered product of quantum fields, but I just want to verify my understanding. Could someone perform it for the arbitrary ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

116 views

### Felder Kazhdan classical master equation

Has there been any follow up by anyone to
Giovanni Felder, David Kazhdan, The classical master equation (arXiv:1212.1631)?
Other than on nlab, I haven't found any citations.

**4**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Does the derivative of log have a Dirac delta term?

Dirac writes down the following formula on page 61 of his "Principles of quantum mechanics":
$\frac{d}{dx}\log x = \frac{1}{x} -i\pi\delta(x)$, see http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1947pqm..book.....D ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

96 views

### Nonintegrable inverse powers as distributions

I am working through Lieb/Loss's "Analysis", and have been stuck on one of the problems for a while;
Suppose we are on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and define $f(x) = |x|^{-n}$. This is not a locally integrable ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

336 views

### How unique is a conformal compactification?

I'm trying to understand the term "conformal compactification" which is often used in physics. I reckon that most places take this to mean a (sometimes specific) compact conformal completion. That is, ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

275 views

### Reconciling two notions of geometric quantization.

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a compact symplectic manifold and $(L,\nabla)$ a prequantum line bundle. There are two schemes to quantize this data:
Choose a polarization $P$ of $M$ and define the quantum ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

269 views

### How to estimate the quantum fidelity between two given states

There is a well-known theorem, firstly obtained by Denes Petz, in quantum information theory, which is described as follows:
$\mathbf{Theorem.}$ Let $\rho$ and $\sigma$ be two states on $\mathcal H$, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

244 views

### Poles of products of Gamma functions

I want to know if there can be a general statement about the poles (Laurent expansion) of such products of Gamma functions as a function of $p \in \mathbb{R}$ in the limit $\epsilon \rightarrow 0$,
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Using Fourier Transform to speed up calculation of forces following an inverse square law

Suppose I have $n$ electric point charges in, say, two dimensions. Is there any algorithm (and I have a hunch that it might be related to the Fourier transform) to compute the net forces that act on ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

340 views

### Would a closed universe with special relativity violate causality? Does the universe have to be simply connected?

This question may be more appropriate for physics.stackexchange.com, but it would be helpful to get feedback from experts in Minkowski geometry.
The classic twin paradox is a false thought experiment ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

345 views

### conservation law and generalized Symplectic Monge-Ampere equation arising from 3-variables

If we have a Jacobi PDE system with conservation law $\theta \in \Omega^1(M)$ such that $d \theta$ is non-degenerate 2-form , then we know this fact that it can be written as symplectic 2D ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

519 views

### Darboux like theorem for non-degenerate 3-forms in 6-manifolds

we know Darboux theorem for higher-symplectic geometry is not correct in general,
but is there any Darboux like theorem for non-degenerate 3-forms in 6-manifolds?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

229 views

### A counterexample to the Polya-Schur master theorems for half-planes

Given an integer $n\ge 1$ we say that $f\in C[z_1,\ldots,z_n]$ is stable if $f(z_1,\ldots,z_n)\neq 0$ whenever $\text{Im}\ z_i>0$ for all $1\leq i\leq n$.
Stable polynomials with all real ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

389 views

### CFTs corresponding to affine Lie algebras

I want to know how one can write down a CFT such that its conserved currents will satisfy some chosen (affine) Lie algebra $G$.
On the few pages leading up to page 192 in here one can see see the ...