**1**

vote

**1**answer

210 views

### String theory target spaces

In basic string theory Lagrangians (e.g. the Polyakov or the Nambu-Goto), the variables include a function $x:X\rightarrow M$ embedding a world-sheet $X$ into some target space $M$, which can be ...

**25**

votes

**2**answers

960 views

### Interplay between Loop Quantum Gravity and Mathematics

It is known that there are many interesting connections between String Theory and modern Mathematics, with a rich feedback going on in both directions: there have been advances in mathematics thanks ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Applications of set theory in physics

In the introduction of the paper "Links between physics and set theory", the following quote of Eris Chric is stated:
"Set theory perhaps is too important to be left just to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Two equivalent descriptions of a physical system yielding a non-trivial mathematical formula

First I would like to admit that this question may not be entirely appropriate for this site, but I will give it a go none the less.
One often hears stories about how string dualities lead to highly ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

217 views

### Mathematical statistical qm book-recommendation

I feel that there are quite a few good and rigorous books on the mathematical foundations of quantum mechanics, but I am currently looking for a book that covers mathematical statistical quantum ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

475 views

### Obtain any 3-manifold from repeating surgeries on knots in $S^3$

In Witten's “QFT and Jones Polynomials” paper, page 383, it states that: "It is a not too deep result that every 3-manifold can be obtained from or reduced to $S^3$ (or any other desired 3-manifold) ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

107 views

### Isomorphism of various gauge groups under homotopy

Given a compact, simple Lie group $G$, and a compact, oriented three manifold $M$, we can consider the following smooth homotopy groups:
$(C^\infty(M;G)/{\sim},\cdot )$: Here, $\sim$ is smooth ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

535 views

### Certain inverse problem related to moments

Suppose $D\subset \mathbb C$ is a smoothly bounded domain and it contains the origin. Let $ds$ denote the arc length measure on $\partial D.$ I am interested in the following two inverse problems ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

97 views

### Blow-Up for Semi-Linear Wave Equations

I am reading C. D. Sogge's book "Lectures on Non-Linear Wave Equations". As an exercise, I attempted to fill out the details of the proof of Theorem 5.1 (Local Existence of Solutions for Semilinear ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

636 views

### Associativity of Kontsevich's star product up to second order

In Deformation quantization of Poisson manifolds, Kontsevich gives the quantization formula
$$f \star g = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \hbar^n \sum_{\Gamma \in G_n} w_\Gamma B_{\Gamma,\alpha}(f,g).$$
He gives ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### power laws emerging from the sandpile model

Is there a rigorous proof that the abelian sandpile model generates a power law distribution of avalanche lengths?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

319 views

### Yang-Mills Functional and Energy

I have a question about the meaning of Yang-Mills Functional.
It is stated everywhere that the Yang-Mills Functional is a measure of energy. But the formal definition of the Yang-Mills Functional is:
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

294 views

### Foliations of Lorentzian manifolds by Spacelike Hypersurfaces

Suppose that $M$ is a Lorentzian manifold (not necessarily satisfying Einstein's equations). What conditions do we need in order to guarantee that $M$ admits a foliation by codimension-$1$ spacelike ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

694 views

### Reflection of light from function graph

Let a positive convex decreasing differentiable function $f(x)$ be defined on $\mathbb{R}$ and $\lim_{x \to +\infty}f(x)=0.$ Let the point light source be placed at $ P(x_0,y_0)$ with $ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

161 views

### How to write BRST-BV for dg-Lie?

The usual BRST-BV implements a Lie algebra and its module in terms of ghosts, etc.
Where is there written a corresponding formula incorporating the differential of
a dg Lie algebra and module?

**2**

votes

**2**answers

400 views

### space at the Planck scale [closed]

All models of space that I know from physics use real or complex manifolds. I was just wondering if it is still the case at the level of Planck scale. In string theory, physicists still use strings ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

137 views

### Spectral sequences and Batalin-Vilkovisky formalism

I have been studying the BRST quantization in quantum field theory recently and noticed that the subject is very much related to algebraic topology and cohomology. A quick google search led me to the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

152 views

### Dirac operator in Generalized Geometry

I am wondering how the Dirac operator can be built in the context of Hichin's generalized geometry.
In particular, I have the following questions:
On a spin manifold, is the conventional spin ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

93 views

### Dixon's diagram for BRS cohomology

The article by J. A. Dixon titled Calculation of BRS cohomology with spectral sequences (Comm. Math. Phys. Volume 139, Number 3 (1991), pages 495-526) describes in words a diagram that is not printed. ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

74 views

### modern exposition of exact ground state of classical XY model or Ising model

What is the state of art technique in solving exact ground state of Heisenberg model, meaning minimization of the H terms (hamiltonian) provided infinite spin space?
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

284 views

### How to construct (another) Landau-Ginzburg model for a compete intersection Calabi-Yau?

For Calabi-Yau variety $X$ which is a complete intersection
$$
f_1=f_2=\ldots=f_r=0
$$
in ${\mathbb P }^n$ (hence $\mathrm{dim}\,X=n-r$) it is possible to construct a Landau-Ginsburg model in the ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Physicist trying to understand modern mathematics

I'm a physicist trying to gain a deep understanding of mathematics that is required for my work.I intend to specialize in string theory which is a very math intensive branch of theoretical physics ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

193 views

### Perturbation of Laplacian via Kato-Rellich theorem

Let's consider a potential $V(x)\in L^3(\mathbb{R}^3)$. I want to know if the following Hamiltonian
$$-\Delta+V(x)$$
is self-adjoint on $H^2(\mathbb{R}^3)$.
My idea is to use Kato-Rellich theorem; ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

275 views

### book about string theory a la Von Neumann [duplicate]

Can we summarize string theory (in its actual state) in some principles and fundamental equations like electromagnetism, general relativity, quantum mechanics and classical mechanics ?
I am looking ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### reference for higher spin - not gravitational nor stringy

Other than the papers of Berends, Burgers and van Dam, are there any papers that study the general case of deforming a free field theory with higher spin fields to be interactive?

**8**

votes

**2**answers

405 views

### How are the Walker-Wang TQFT and the Crane-Yetter TQFT related?

Mathematical physicists in solid state physics and topological insulators talk a lot about Walker-Wang models, which are a family of Hamiltonians defined on a 3d lattice. Unfortunately, the original ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Proper domain for operators

in this paper on arxiv in equation 27, two operators
$$A_m^* = (1-x^2)^{\frac{1}{2}} \frac{d}{dx} + \frac{mx}{\sqrt{1-x^2}}$$
and $$A_m = - \frac{d}{dx}(1-x^2)^{\frac{1}{2}} + ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Commutators of Schur polynomials of Lie algebra elements

Question:
Is there a well-known formula for computing the commutators of Schur polynomials when the variables are Lie algebra elements? If the algebra has a particularly simple commutation relation, ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

273 views

### Witten index non-trivial in the context of Quantum Mechanics?

Let $H$ be a self-adjoint Hamiltonian and $H$ admits a decomposition into closed operators $D,D^*$, such that we have $H = D^*D$.
I will now consider the one-dimensional case on a compact set:
So ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Exact Definition of Dirac Operator

Many definitions of the Dirac operator in the tradition of the Physics literature are hard to grasp for a mathematician. I would like to ask for a precise, general, definition of the Dirac operator ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### On $e^{\pi\sqrt{4\cdot163}}$ and unusual connections

We are familiar with the expansion of the j-function,
$$j(\tau) = \tfrac{1}{q}+744+ 196884{q} + 21493760{q}^2 + \dots\tag1$$
and maybe with the approximation,
$$e^{\pi\sqrt{652}} = ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Some quantities which definitions are (somehow) similar to the classical Divergence

Motivated by classical formulas $L_{X}=d\circ i_{X}+i_{X}\circ d$ and $L_{X} \Omega=Div(X) \Omega$ and the essential role of the diff operator $d$ in definition of divergence, we define some ...

**33**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### Companion to theoretical physics for working mathematicians

In the Princeton Companion to Mathematics one reads that even pure mathematicians should know some theoretical physics and applied mathematics. What are some well-organized comprehensive companions to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

91 views

### How can I express the following integral as special function?

How can I express the following integral as special function? where the integral is from 0 to infinity
$ f_{int}(x)=\int^{\infty}_{0}dy\frac{e^{(-x+y)}}{(1+e^{(-x+y)^{2}})\sqrt{y}} $

**6**

votes

**1**answer

205 views

### Survey paper on isoperimetry

I am searching for a comprehensive survey article (or more different articles) on the subject of isoperimetric problems from ancient Greece to modern mathematical physics. Could you point out some ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

145 views

### Floquet-Bloch solutions of the quasiperiodic Schrödinger equation

I am concerned about the Schrödinger equation
$-x''(t)+q(t)x(t)=Ex(t).$
Here, the potential $q$ is real and quasiperiodic with frequency vector $\omega$. That is, we let $T^d$ be the $d$-dimensional ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

276 views

### Domains of raising and lowering operators in QM

Let $H : \operatorname{dom}(H) \subset L^2(\Omega) \rightarrow L^2(\Omega)$, where $dom(H) \subset H^2(\Omega)$, $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}$ should be a bounded open interval(so 1-d setting(!)) and ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### Well-posedness of heat equation with distributional right hand side

The question is about well-posedness of heat equation
$$
\frac{\partial\Theta}{\partial t}=\alpha^2\Delta\Theta+p(t)\delta(x-u(t))\delta(y-v(t)),~~ (x,y,t)\in\Omega\times[0,T],
$$
subjected to ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

262 views

### Uhlenbeck's theorem novelty

This link provides a short introduction to the contributions of Uhlenbeck about regular gauge fixing. However, I feel quite puzzled about it and I do not understand the real novelty apported by this ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

187 views

### Is there a maximum principle for stress in continuum mechanics?

I'm working with the equilibrium equations in linear elasticity, which I have not worked with in the past. My engineering colleagues seem to "know" that the maximum Von Mises stress occurs on the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Do position and momentum measurements determine a wave function?

Suppose we have a function $f\in L^2(\mathbb R^n)$ and we know the functions $x\mapsto|f(x)|$ and $p\mapsto|\hat f(p)|$, where $\hat f$ is the Fourier transform of $f$.
Can we reconstruct the function ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

317 views

### Geometrical interpretation of a Schrödinger operator

Consider a $2 \times 2$ Hermitian (or symmetric) matrix-valued function
$$g(x) = \{ g_{jk}(x)\}_{j,k=1,2}, \quad x \in \mathbb{R}^{2},$$
such that $0 < m_{-}I \leq g(x) \leq m_{+}I$, for some ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### Quaternion Wishart matrices of half-integer dimension?

For a physics application (quantum delay times of a chaotic scatterer) I need to generate $m$ positive random variables $\lambda_1,\lambda_2,\ldots\lambda_m$ with probability distribution
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

248 views

### Electrodynamics modelled by U(1) gauge theory [closed]

As the article 'Electrodynamics in general spacetime' greatly explains, the U(1)-gauge theory is a good base for working in non-simply connected spaces. But I wonder whether there is a deep reason to ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### “Semiclassical approximation” in random matrix theory

I am reading Planar Diagrams by Brezin, Parisi, Itzykson and Zuber. If you specialize the discussion in section 5 there we seem to derive the eigenvalue distribution of $N \times N$ random Hermitian ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

122 views

### translation invariance of the Laughlin wave function

This is a translation into math of the following question, posted on PhysicsOverflow.
Let $H:=L^2(\mathbb C)$.
For every $N$, let $\psi_N\in\Lambda^N H\cong (L^2(\mathbb C^N))^{S_N}$ be the function
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

36 views

### Probability of close approach for multivariate normal variables

The following problem comes from a physical model of two groups of particles in three dimensions. I need to know the probability that the two groups of particles approach each other within some ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

220 views

### Can one classify irreducible unitary representations of the Weyl algebra?

I saw in this MO post: Is there a machinery describing all the irreducible representations ? that classifying irreducible representations of the Weyl algebra is essentially intractable. My question is ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

446 views

### What is the BRST-anti-BRST formalism?

What is the BRST-anti-BRST formalism?
Is the Sp(2) doublet the ghost, antighost pair?
Introductory accounts of this subject seem to be hard to find. I would appreciate a reference for someone who ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

34 views

### $P_{x}(T_{A}<\infty)<P_{x}(T_{B}<\infty)$ imply $Cap_{N}(A)<Cap_{N}(B)$, where $Cap_{N}$ is Newtonian capacity

We start a Brownian motion at $x\in [B(0,r)]^{c}$, where $B(0,r)$ is a large enough ball that contains compact sets $A$ and $B$. In other words, the B.M. starts on the exterior of $A$ and $B$.
Then ...