**1**

vote

**1**answer

136 views

### Does this Mean Value have a Name?

Question:
does the following mean value have a name?
$$v^*=\sqrt{\frac{\sum_{i=1}^{n}\alpha_iv_i^2}{\sum_{i=1}^{n}\alpha_i}}, \alpha_i\in\mathbb{R}^+$$
where the $v_i$ are individual speed limits ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

255 views

### Electromagnetic duality symmetry

This question arose while reading http://prd.aps.org/abstract/PRD/v13/i6/p1592_1 (Duality transformations of Abelian and non-Abelian gauge fields, by Stanley Deser and Claudio Teitelboim). It is well ...

**4**

votes

**5**answers

559 views

### How to characterize Dirac's gamma matrices in differential geometry?

I want to understand what is the interpretation of Dirac gamma matrices in differential geometry. Basically, I am considering the Dirac matrices as 3-indexed tensors, which means a tensor with 1 ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

241 views

### How to obtain the Period matrix from the Igusa Invariants of a genus two curve?

I am looking for an algorithm to obtain the period matrix tau= (tau1 & tau12\ tau12 & tau2) from the Igusa invariants of a genus two curve. More precisely:
I consider a family of genus two ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

200 views

### quantization for integral coadjoint orbits

I am looking for a referrence for proof of following statement.
Let $G$ be a semi-simple Lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ be its Lie algebra and $\alpha_k$ be simple roots of $\mathfrak{g}$ and $\mu_0$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Physical relevance of either fundamental identity generalizing Jacobi [closed]

There are two fundamental identities for n-ary generalizations of the Jacobi identity.
One fundamental identity is right for Nambu mechanics and such, the other for L_\infty algebras as in CSFT.
Which ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

399 views

### Large vs Small Gauge transformations and Physical theories

I can't decipher the difference between large and small gauge transformations especially in its applications in physics.If perhaps one can engineer a simple physical theory that has such a ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

444 views

### Resource for learning quantum mechanics from the viewpoint of representation theory

Quantum mechanics is deeply connected with representation theory. Therefore, I'm looking for a textbook or article which presents quantum mechanics in a representation theoretic manner. Could anyone ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

849 views

### What properties of knots lead Lord Kelvin to hypothesize that atoms were knots in the ether?

I've often heard that Lord Kelvin was one of the first people to study knot theory, as he hypothesized that atoms were knots in the ether. I assume that he had some compelling evidence for this fact.
...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

483 views

### References request: constructive quantum field theory

I am taking a course this semester on QFT, which deals much with constructive quantum field theory. Some of its topics so far involve relationships between non-Gaussian probability measures,Feynman ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

370 views

### Curvature as infinitesimal holonomy

Let $P \to M$ be a principal $G$-bundle, assume as much regularity as you want (compact $G$ or compact base manifold, ect). Via parallel transport, a connection $A$ on $P$ gives rise to the holonomy ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

455 views

### Kummer's quartic surface and the Dirac operator

The picture shows 1936 photograph by Man Ray of a Kummer surface plaster model in the collection of the Institute Henri Poincare (from Mathematics, Art and Science of the Pseudosphere by Kenneth ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

291 views

### What is the characteristic functional for Brownian motion on a sphere?

I'm a physicist, somewhat familiar with stochastic processes, but I'm a little unsure of what follows. What I basically have is a complicated quantity involving a vector that is equivalent to ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Mathematical study of Mpemba effect?

It has been known since the days of Aristotle and Descartes that under certain circumstances warm water freezes faster than cold water. This effect is now commonly known as the Mpemba effect, named ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

147 views

### Metalinear frame bundle on sphere or $\mathbb{C}P^n$

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold. A complex metalinear frame bundle $\tilde F(P)\to M$ of a rank $n$ complex vector bundle $P\to M$ is a principal $ML(n,\mathbb{C})$-bundle together with a covering map ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

166 views

### RG flow and Ricci flow

It looks like the Laplace operator in the nonlinear sigma model (say the Polyakov action) is different from the Laplace-Beltrami operator, how can one get the Ricci flow as a low order approximation ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### An example for the case tht if the leaves of polarization be non-compact then the polarized sections are not square integrable

Let $(M,\omega)$, be a symplectic manifolds. A subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex polarization if
$P$ is Lagrangian
P involutive
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

260 views

### Expected value of $(1 - X)^{-2} $ over Haar measure of the unitary group, $X \in U(N)$

Let $\lambda_1, \dots, \lambda_n$ be the eigenvalues of a random Unitary matrix. I am interested in the expected value:
$$\mathbb{E}_{X \in U(N)}\left[ \prod_{i=1}^n \frac{1}{(1 - ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

280 views

### The space of holomorphic sections are finite dimensional?

I start my question with a definition and some motivation.
Let $M$ be a symplectic manifold. A subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### An example to show that when $P$ is a complex polarization the subbundle $P+ \bar P$ is not necessarly involutive

I start my question with some motivation. A subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex polarization if
$P$ is Lagrangian
P involutive
dim$P\cap\bar ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### $S^n$ admit a real polarization $D\subset TS^n$?

When the $n$-sphere, $S^n$,admit a real polarization $D\subset TS^n$

**5**

votes

**0**answers

225 views

### Elementary proof of lack of phase transition in Ising models with external fields

I have a question about the phase transitions in the Ising model in the presence of a (constant) external magnetic field. I will state the question on $\mathbb Z^2$ for simplicity. A definition of the ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

273 views

### What is the definition of picture changing operation?

What is the definition of picture changing operation?
What is a standard reference where it is defined - not just used?

**5**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### Energy barriers between Hadamard matrices

Hadamard matrices may be characterized as $n\times n$ real orthogonal matrices $U$ that achieve the lowest possible "energy" as defined by the (scaled and shifted) entry-wise 1-norm:
$$
E(U)=n^2 ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

264 views

### How to perform this matrix integral?

Edit: some backgrouds added.
In quiver matrix model which is reviewed DV or CKR, the path integral reduce to the matrix integral
$$Z \sim \int \prod_{i=1}^r d\Phi_i \prod_{<a,b>} dQ_{ab} ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### On the Geroch's argument

During the study of Geroch's argument to prove positive mass theorem, I faced a problem explained below:
Suppose $(M,g_{\mu \nu})$ is a four dimensional Lorentzian Manifold and $\Sigma$ is a ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

236 views

### Positivity of the Coulomb energy in two dimensions

In dimensions $d\geq 3$ the Coulomb energy is always non-negative (since the Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{|\cdot|^{d-2}}$ is non-negative). What can one say about positivity properties of the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### Probability measures on $L^p$

Let $(X,\mathcal X,\mu)$ be a fixed measure space, and suppose that $\mu$ is stationary and ergodic with respect to the (left) action of a topological group $G$. Stationarity means that $\mu = g_* \mu ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### Question about the Aganagic-Vafa A-brane

According to Aganagic-Vafa (hep-th/0012041) and Fang-Liu (arXiv:1103.0693), for a semi-projective toric Calabi-Yau 3-manifold $X$, the Aganagic-Vafa A-brane $L_{AV}\subset X$ is defined by the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

231 views

### Understanding the intermediate field method for the $\phi^4$ interaction

In Rivasseau's and Wang's How to Resum Feynman Graphs, on page 11 they illustrate the intermediate field method for the $\phi^4$ interaction and represent Feynman graphs as ribbon graphs. I had to ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

522 views

### Uniqueness on square root of complex Line Bundle

Let $L$ be a line bundle over a compex manifold $X$, a square-root of $L$ is a line bundle $M$ such that $M^{\otimes2}=L$. My question is when the square-root of Line Bundle is unique?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Where is there a treatment of double field theory other than in local coordinates?

The n-lab seems to lack a treatment of double field theory. Where is there a treatment other than in local coordinates? Or at least one which identifies the coordinates as local coordinates for a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

260 views

### direct proof that schrodinger's equation kernel corresponds to delta-function initial value [closed]

I want to show directly, that the kernel for the n-dimensional free linear schrodinger equation, if taken to time t=0, is dirac's $\delta $ function. I can show that the integral is constant, but it ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

381 views

### Quantization of symplectic vector space and choice of lagrangian subspaces

My question is related to Geometric Quantization.
I don't undrestand the philosophy of following assertion
If $(V,\omega)$ be a symplectic vector space then the quantizations of
$V$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

195 views

### Looking for good conferences / workshops on applications of renormalization group methods [closed]

I am looking for conferences and/or workshops, where people working on different problems using renormalization group methods come together to share their results and experience.
As I have noted, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

118 views

### Brownian particles in a box: the probability that a sphere (of some radius) centered on a particle only contains one particle for a duration of time

Imagine I have a set of $(s_1,...,s_N) \in S$ Brownian particles in a box of sidelength $L$, each with the same coefficient of diffusion $D$. We fix one particle at the center of the box, and draw a ...

**28**

votes

**5**answers

990 views

### are there natural examples of classical mechanics that happens on a symplectic manifold that isn't a cotangent bundle?

I'm curious about just how far the abstraction to a symplectic formalism can be justified by appeal to actual physical examples. There's good motivation, for example, for working over an arbitrary ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### What does the renormalization group flow corresponding to a turbulent subrange with a broad band forcing look like?

In a renormalization group analysis of turbulent flows, such as for example done by Barbi and Münster here who derive an action for the Navier-Stokes equations, insert it into the Wilson equation, and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

210 views

### Looking for a necessary and sufficient condition for the polarization $\mathbb{P}$ being positive

My question is about positivity of polarization in Geometric quantization theory. Let $\mathbb{P}$, be a complex polarization on symplectic manifold $(M,\Omega)$. For every $m\in M$, we can define a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

277 views

### Symplectic structure on $Sym^kG^{\mathbb{C}} $

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group, and let $G^\mathbb{C}$ be its complexification.
I am looking for a symplectic structure (without use of coordinates) on
$$
Sym^kG^{\mathbb{C}},
$$
PS:Here ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

362 views

### looking for an identity for higher jet bundle $J^kM$?

We know this fact that the first jet Bundle $J^1M$ is diffeomorphic with $T^*M×\mathbb{R}$.i.e,
($J^1M=T^*M×\mathbb{R}$)
Is there something like this identity for higher jet bundle $J^kM$?
I editted ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

214 views

### Local version of a slice (for a Lie group action)

Let $\Upsilon: G \times M \to M$ be a smooth action of a Lie group $G$ on a manifold $M$.
Isenberg and Marsden (1982) define a slice at $m \in M$ as a submanifold $S \subseteq M$ containing $m$ such ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

357 views

### pre-quantization of Jet bundle

We know that the notion of Jet bundle $J^kM×\mathbb{R}$, is generalization of cotangent bundle. What is the prequantization of $J^kM×\mathbb{R}$?

**6**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### Density of odd and even eigenstates of an integral operator

Consider an integral operator $(Kf)(x)=\int_{-1}^{1}K(x-y)f(y)dy$, where the kernel $K(-x)=K(x)$ is an even function.
Let $\lambda_n$ be the ordered eigenvalues of $K$ and $f_n(x)$ the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

91 views

### H-flux by any other name

There are more than a few papers referring to H-flux and/or H-twist etc.
Is there anywhere a survey relating these variants?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

479 views

### a question about geometric quantization background

I don't understand why for geometric description of a regular system, we take always the classical phase space as a symplectic manifold?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

311 views

### A gentle introduction to CFT [closed]

1) Which is the definition of a conformal field theory?
2) Which are the physical prerequisites one would need to start studying conformal field theories?
(i.e Does one need to know supersymmetry? ...

**11**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Can the equation of motion with friction be written as Euler-Lagrange equation, and does it have a quantum version?

My (non-expert) impression is that many physically important equations of motion can be obtained as Euler-Lagrange equations. For example in quantum fields theories and in quantum mechanics quantum ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Does fixing the reparameterization invariance of the string action correspond to some kind of orbifolding?

Does fixing the reparameterization invariance of the string action, for example by choosing the light-cone gauge
$$
X^{+} = \beta\alpha' p^{+}\tau
$$
$$
p^{+} = \frac{2\pi}{\beta} P^{\tau +}
$$
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

90 views

### Understanding the diffraction limit in the context of being provided perfect information on an intensity distribution

As per http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/AiryDisk.html, let the intensity distribution given by diffraction around a circular aperture be proportional to:
$I(r) \propto [\frac{J_1(r)}{r}]^2$
...