Mathematical methods in quantum field theory, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, condensed matter, nuclear and atomic physics.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
0answers
67 views

What are the boundary asymptotics of harmonic symmetric transverse traceless rank-s tensors on $\mathbb{H}^n$ in the Poincare upper-half-space model? [closed]

This question is motivated by the results in this paper, http://calvino.polito.it/~camporesi/JMP94.pdf In this paper some of its most important results about the asymptotics of symmetric traceless ...
3
votes
1answer
320 views

Path integrals for stochastic equations

Does there exist a rigorous mathematical proof for path integral representations given in the physics literature? See for example http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/9912209v1 For imaginary time rigorous ...
0
votes
1answer
128 views

How to calculate eigenvalue density function of $XX^\dagger$ from the density function of X

Let X be a complex random matrix, which has the probability function (drawn from the ensemble) V($XX^\dagger$), where V(x) is some function which guaranties good behavior at infinity. Note the unitary ...
2
votes
0answers
93 views

Positiveness of the double integral

How it can be proved that the following double integral (which emerged in a physics project) $$\int\limits_{-1}^1d\tau\;\tau \int\limits_0^\infty dk\frac{k\sin{(kr\tau)}}{(1+\beta ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

The condition of maximality in branching rules of $SO$ group representations

Let the highest weight of a $SO(2n+1)$ representation be given as $(m_1,m_2,...,m_n)$ ($m_1\geq m_2 \geq .. \geq m_n \geq 0$) and the highest weight of a $SO(2n)$ representation be $(s_1,s_2,...,s_n)$ ...
4
votes
1answer
309 views

About using the character formula for $SO(2n)$.

I have known of the following equation for characters of a $SO(2n)$ representation with highest weights $(h_1,...,h_n)$ and for $(t_1,t_2,..,t_n,t_1^{-1},t_2^{-1},..,t_n^{-1})$ being the eigenvalues ...
6
votes
1answer
241 views

Formal series convergence in deformation quantization and $C^*$-condition

A link between formal series convergence in deformation quantization (strict deformation quantization) and producing $C^*$-algebras instead of mere $*$-algebras (which ...
1
vote
1answer
545 views

An integral representation of the Riemann zeta function

I am referring to the equality in equation $3.29$ (page 12) and $4.20$ (page 17) in this paper. I am unable to recognize where this comes from or what is the general expression for values other than ...
5
votes
2answers
288 views

Physical meaning of the integral cohomology condition in Souriau-Kostant pre-quantization?

The question is in the title. The form of the condition looks like the Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization formula of angular momentum, is there a link between the two formulas?
3
votes
0answers
249 views

In the topos-theoretic interpretation of Physics by Isham & Doering what role does intuitionistic logic play? [closed]

I've asked this question on Physics.SE but was advised to ask it here. Isham & Doering have written a series of papers exploring how to ground physics in topoi. Now the internal logic of topoi is ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Self-adjointness of a perturbed quantum mechanical Hamiltonian specified in an infinite matrix form

Consider an operator $H$ on the Hilbert space $\ell_2$ given as an infinite matrix with two pieces, one diagonal and one arbitrary: $H_{ij}=E_i\delta_{ij}+V_{ij}$. This has a physical meaning in ...
4
votes
2answers
232 views

Limit of a double integral

What is the $\varepsilon\to 0$ limit of the following double integral $$\int\limits_{-1}^1d\tau\;\sqrt{1-\tau^2}\;\tau\int\limits_0^\infty dq\;q^2e^{iq(\tau+i\varepsilon)}\;?$$ I was asked about this ...
3
votes
0answers
229 views

Inequalities in paper by Jean Bourgain

The question refers to the following paper by Jean Bourgain: http://arxiv.org/abs/math-ph/0011053 Specifically, I can't derive the following inequality in (1.20): \begin{equation} ...
1
vote
1answer
241 views

Folium in GNS construction and von Neumann algebras

The GNS construction allows one to represent a $C^*$-algebra as the algebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space when a state is fixed, this state being represented as a vector on the Hilbert ...
7
votes
1answer
357 views

A question on chiral rings and geometry of the vacuum bundle

I am reading "Mirror Symmetry" by Hori et al, and have a question on Chap.17 (Chiral rings and geometry of the vacuum bundle). On p.425 the authors say Consider the path-integral on the ...
6
votes
2answers
324 views

C*-algebraic representation of observables vs self-adjoint operators one

I am trying to reconcile the "physicist" definition of an observable: self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space, and the operational one as given by Strocchi in "An introduction to the mathematical ...
10
votes
2answers
399 views

the spectrum of the Laplacian and Dirac operator on $S^3$

A paper on supersymmetry in 3-dimensions uses results on the spectra of elliptic operators on $S^3$: The eigenvalues of the vector Laplacian on divergenceless vector fields is $(\ell + 1)^2$ ...
0
votes
1answer
295 views

A reference about Dolbeault cohomology

I am looking for a reference about Dolbeault cohomology when the line bundle is not supposed to be positive.
12
votes
1answer
335 views

Applications of non-separable Hilbert spaces

In applications, Hilbert spaces of interest are often assumed to be separable. In addition to being extremely convenient mathematically, this assumption can often be justified on computational or ...
2
votes
0answers
196 views

Bohr topos and quantization

Bohrification is a natural way to construct a quantum "phase space" (with some nice insights on foundational problems like non-contextuality through Kochen-Specker etc). I was wondering, since we get ...
5
votes
1answer
339 views

Validity of functional derivative using the Dirac delta function

In physics, it's customary to compute the functional derivative as $$\frac{\delta F[\rho(x)]}{\delta \rho(y)}=\lim_{\varepsilon\to 0}\frac{F[\rho(x)+\varepsilon\delta(x-y)]-F[\rho(x)]}{\varepsilon}.$$ ...
3
votes
0answers
90 views

Rarefaction Shock Wave Interaction

I am interested in explicit solutions in 1D for the interaction of a rarefaction wave with a shock wave of arbitrary strength. The book Supersonic Flow and Shock Waves by Courant and Friedricks ...
8
votes
1answer
353 views

Dimensional regularization in odd dimensions

I am not quite sure that my question below is appropriate for this site, probably it should be addressed to the physical commutity. But I hope that some (mathematical) physicists do attend MO. I have ...
4
votes
0answers
143 views

Quantum Drinfeld-Sokolov reduction for a module

There is a well-established procedure for quantizing the Drinfeld-Sokolov reduction for an affine Lie algebra. In particular, this paper of de Boer and Tjin describes an algorithm to produce the ...
0
votes
0answers
110 views

Can we construct CHU as an internal category in a monoidal category?

I have recently read Abramsky and Heunen's paper on Operational structures and categorical physics. I have been looking at operational structures as internal categories in a monoidal category like we ...
2
votes
2answers
163 views

Ewald's generalized theta function

Could anyone provide me some materials on the derivation of Ewald's generalized theta function (in English)? The original paper was written in German :-( Die Berechnung optischer und ...
3
votes
0answers
149 views

$\mathbb Z/2$-orbifolds in Virasoro representations, CFTs, VOAs

Suppose that ${\rm Vir}_c$ is a rational Virasoro algebra with central charge $c$. Then ${\rm Vir}_c$ has finitely many irreducible modules $M_h$, parametrised by the highest weights $h$. Furthermore ...
7
votes
0answers
69 views

Explicit expression of WZ term for orthogonal groups

Consider the Wess Zumino term on the the space $W=I\times D$, where D is a two dimensional disk disk and $I$ is an interval, $[0,1]$, say, i.e., $$ \int_{I\times D} \langle(u^{-1} \, du)^3\rangle $$ ...
2
votes
0answers
90 views

Elliptic equations with divergence-free drift terms

Given $\ \mathbf{u}\cdot \nabla c=\Delta c-a_{1}c+\rho \text{ on }\Omega $ with a $\Omega \subset %TCIMACRO{\U{211d} } %BeginExpansion \mathbb{R} %EndExpansion ^{2}$ bounded, $div$$(\mathbf{u})=0$, ...
0
votes
0answers
138 views

Is there a translation invariant measure on an infinite dimensional space 'without points'?

This is just a reference request. I thought I'd come across a paper demonstrating that there is a translation invariant measure on an infinite-dimensional space without 'points' whilst browsing the ...
6
votes
0answers
152 views

Spectral theory for Dirac Laplacian on a funnel

I would like to study the spectral theory of the Dirac Laplacian on a non-compact quotient of the hyperbolic plane by a discrete group (I am particularly interested in the simple case where the ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Helmhotz decomposition and Regularity in Stokes equation

It is known that every function $f\in L^{q}(\Omega )^{n}$ can be uniquely decomposed as \begin{eqnarray*} \ f=f_{0}+\nabla Q, \text{ (Helmhotz decomposition)} \ \end{eqnarray*} with $f_{0}\in ...
11
votes
4answers
494 views

Einstein field equations in perspectives from PDE and functional analysis

The Einstein field equations have been subject of research in theoretical physics, and differential geometry, apparently with methods from classical analysis and geometry. In particular, solutions in ...
3
votes
2answers
445 views

Van Vleck-Morette Determinant

There seems to be something curious about the so-called Van-Vleck-Morette determinant, as I cannot find any source that properly defines it in terms of expressions previously defined in that source ...
4
votes
0answers
132 views

semiclassical proof of Wigner semicircle

In Terence Tao's discussion of the Gaussian Unitary Ensemble, he derives the Dyson and Airy kernels. The GUE is the probability distribution of the eigenvalues of a random Hermitian matrix. \[ \int ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

pre-symplectic and foliation and its trajectories

Let $(M,\omega)$, be pre-symplectic, then can we say, we have a foliation of $M$, with tangent spaces $ker\omega$.What can we say about its trajectories. ?
3
votes
2answers
241 views

Integration over special unitary group

It is known that for $SU(N)$ $$ \int \chi_{\mu_1}(UV_1)\chi_{\mu_2}(U^{-1}V_2)\, dU = \delta_{\mu_1\mu_2}\frac{\chi_{\mu_1}(V_1V_2)}{\dim(\mu_1)} $$ where $dU$ is Haar measure on $SU(N)$ normalized ...
8
votes
1answer
250 views

Is there a version of supersymmetry for homogeneous spaces?

The notion of "supersymmetry" that I am aware of proceeds as follows. One fixes a spacetime $\mathbb R^n$ and signature; I will write $\mathrm{SO}(n)$ for the corresponding group of orthogonal ...
5
votes
2answers
214 views

Certain partial integrations in quantum mechanics

In classical quantum mechanics (and specifically in the introductury texts on this topic) while calculating expectation values of certain operators in the Schrödinger approach we often have to do ...
2
votes
0answers
112 views

Idea behind distributional solutions

I have a problem understanding the meaning of a distributional solution. Let me tell you the context the problem appeared: I read thorugh some papers by DiPerna and Lions concerning the Cauchy Problem ...
4
votes
0answers
85 views

Differences of Numbers of Helicity States in 4-dimensional Strings

The question whether the states in $D=2m + 2$ dimensional string theory, which carry a representation of $SO(2m)$, span spaces which carry representations of $SO(2m+1)$ seems hopelessly complicated. ...
11
votes
2answers
429 views

Book on the Three body Problem

Hi all, I am looking for a good book about the famous (infamous perhaps?) three body problem - both theoretical and numerical hardless and accomplishments. can you help? Thanks
1
vote
0answers
280 views

A variation of Poisson's equation in cylindrical coordinates

Our team of undergraduate physicists are familiar with finding numerical approximations to the following Poisson-like PDE central to our plasma research in a torus: $\nabla^2 V = \frac{f(V)}{R^2}$ ...
0
votes
0answers
175 views

How to understand the matrix behind a Hamiltonian?

thanks to the answers I received to my previous questions, I could derive correctly an elegant partition function for my problem which resembles a second quantized model taking the particles to be ...
6
votes
1answer
266 views

Are Turaev--Viro invariants secretly a discretized path integral?

Turaev--Viro http://www.ams.org/mathscinet-getitem?mr=1191386 defined an invariant of three-manifolds $M$ denoted $TV(M)$, which was subsequently shown by Kevin Walker to coincide with ...
4
votes
0answers
102 views

Is there a maximal finite depth infinite index irreducible subfactor?

A subfactor $N \subset M $ is irreducible if $N' \cap M = \mathbb{C} $. It's maximal if it admits no non-trivial intermediate subfactors $N \subset P \subset M $. It's cyclic if its lattice of ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

What is Kirillov's method good for?

I am planing to study Kirillov's orbit method. I have seen Kirillov's method in several branch of mathematics, for instance, functional analysis, geometry, .... Why is this theory important for ...
0
votes
0answers
111 views

Semi-Standard Young Tableaux: Do Diagrams for $O(2m)$ combine to Diagrams from $O(2m+1)$?

Let $n_\lambda^K$ be the number all semi-standard Young tableaux of size $K$ with Ferrers diagrams diagram $\lambda$ (i.e. the number of all fillings of $\lambda$ with natural numbers with weakly ...
-1
votes
1answer
250 views

identifying dual of lie algebra of general linear groups

Is there any reference for the following fact? I am looking for a nice and simple proof. Assume that $G=GL(n,C)$, the group of invertible $n\times n$ matrices with complex entries. Why can the dual ...
23
votes
6answers
4k views

Explanations for mathematicians, about the falsifiability (or not) of string theory [closed]

Like many other mathematicians, I think string theory very attractive. This theory has wonderfully influenced many new topics in mathematics (I myself have worked on one of them), but it's not the ...