**1**

vote

**2**answers

268 views

### How to evaluate the wiener measure of sets?

I would like to understand how the Wiener measure of some simple sets can be evaluated.
I will sketch the construction of Wiener measure I have in mind:
We denote the one point compactification of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### Self-adjoint extensions and delta potentials

Is there a self-adjoint extension of an operator that corresponds to a particle in a box $[a,b] \times [c,d] \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ with a delta potential, i.e., $-\Delta + \lambda \delta_y $ on ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Asymptotic behavior of Schrödinger operators

I am currently dealing with $1$ or at most $2$-dimensional Schrödinger operators on compact domains. A classical result of spectral theory is the Weyl approximations for this operator
$H = -\Delta ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

478 views

### Free Boson Correlator $ \langle X(z)X(w) \rangle =- \ln |z - w| $

In physics papers, the massless free boson has a definition involving an action:
$$ S(X) = \frac{1}{8\pi} \int d\sigma^2\, \partial X \overline{\partial X}$$
The random functions $X(z)$ are ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

188 views

### What to read for many-body problems in 3D Schrodinger equation

I am a graduate student just started learning dispersive PDE in MSRI's summer program. I roughly finished reading the paper by Klainerman and Machedon "ON THE UNIQUENESS OF SOLUTIONS TO THE
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

313 views

### Comparison of Different Types of QFT

As far as I can tell, there are a number of major types of quantum field theory. For example,
Constructive QFT, which has two major branches (Algebraic/Axiomatic QFT and Functorial QFT).
Topological ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### Are there any explicit probability conserving solvers for Pauli equation?

I know that there exist probability conserving explicit solvers for time-dependent Schrödinger's equation, for example, Visscher's one.
But when I tried to add spin into account in this scheme, it ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

72 views

### Smallest subalgebra of $\mathfrak{su}(4)$ arrising from a control problem on $SU(4)$

What is the smallest subalgebra of $\mathfrak{su}(4)$ containing the span of the set $A = \{A, B_1, B_2\}$ where:
$A = i (J^x \sigma_x \otimes \sigma_x + J^y \sigma_y \otimes \sigma_y + J^z \sigma_z ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Review of Tim Maudlin's New Foundations for Physical Geometry [closed]

Tim Maudlin, a philosopher of science at NYU, has a book out called:
New Foundations for Physical Geometry: The Theory of Linear Structures.
The section on about the book says the following:
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

182 views

### The Moyal action of a planar vector field

Let $X=P\frac{\partial}{\partial x}+Q\frac{\partial}{\partial y}$ be a polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Consider the following (Moyal) operator on $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$:
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### Heat transfer: boundary conditions with fluid velocity

The following equation is considered:
$$
\frac{\partial u}{\partial t} - a\Delta u + \mathbf v \cdot \nabla u = f.
$$
I have difficulties in formulating boundary conditions for this equation.
If ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

206 views

### Equivalence of the construction of the Lagrangian in a book of Sternberg to the “usual” construction

I have a question regarding the following cited text from [1]:
Let $F$ be a representation of the structure group $G$ of the principal bundle $P_G\to M$ (a (semi-)Riemannian manifold), and let ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### Extension of a bounded operator on manifold

I have a problem, which is quite urgent, as I have only today discovered an error in a proof i had in a thesis which is to be handed in tomorrow.
The problem, if stated in as full generality as ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

554 views

### References for a physicist migrating to stochastic processes

I've studied "Markov Chains" - Norris and "Measure, Integral and Probability" - Capinski, Kopp. Now, I'm looking for a couple of books (or other references) that help me bridging these two topics. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

170 views

### System of quadratic complex equations

I want to solve this system of N non-linear equations without using a numerical method:
$x_{k}^{2}= \alpha_{k }+ \sum\limits_{m=1}^{N} (\beta_{km} x_{m} + \psi_{km} x_{m}^{*})$
With
$\left| ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

152 views

### The mathematics in understand anyons [closed]

I've been about particles called anyons which exist within a two dimensional framework. I've also found out that these particles can have an angular momentum equal to any real number. Normally, in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

193 views

### quantum states and observables for the non-commutative torus

The noncommutative torus $A_\theta$ is a $C^*$-algebra corresponding to an irrational foliation of the torus $\mathbb{T}^2$ by lines of slope $\theta \notin \mathbb{Q}$.
As far as I am reading it is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### How to calculate the first and second homotopy groups of the following space constructed from $U(4)$

In solving a physics problem, I came across a weird topological space constructed from $U(4)$, the group of $4\times4$ unitary matrices. I want to know the first two homotopy groups of it. Here is how ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

208 views

### Orbital integral by using symplectic quotient

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a compact symplectic Hamiltonian $G$-manifold and $\Gamma_{\text hol}(M,L)$ be the space of holomorphic sections of the line bundle $L\to M$
I am looking for a proof for ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

463 views

### 4d Constructive Quantum Field Theory

As a follow up to my previous question (How does Constructive Quantum Field Theory work?), I was wondering what difficulties physicists have had constructing 4d axiomatic qfts. Why has CQFT's success ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

351 views

### How does Constructive Quantum Field Theory work?

Please correct me if I'm wrong, but it seems to me that two and three dimensional axiomatic quantum field theory were constructed as follow: the wightman axioms were formulated in euclidean space via ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

344 views

### A question about Quantized closed Kaehler manifolds

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a Quantized closed Kaehler manifold then by Koderia embedding theorem , $M$ must be algebraicly projective i.e, we have the embedding
$$\phi: (M,\omega)\to (\mathbb CP^N, ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

363 views

### Is there a specific geometric meaning why fractional charges are allowed in SU(N) gauge theories?

So in the standard model of particle physics, there exist particles with fractional charge. What this means geometrically is as follows: We are given a smooth manifold with a principal $U(1)$ bundle ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

312 views

### Solving $T^2 = -\kappa\, \mathrm{Tr}\, (\log(e^{i T \hat{H}_0} \hat{O}) )^2$ equation

Is there a way to solve the equation: $T^2 = -\kappa\, \mathrm{Tr}\, (\log(e^{i T \hat{H}_0} \hat{O}) )^2$ for $T$?
Here $\kappa$ is an arbitrary positive constant, $\hat{H}_0 \in \mathfrak{su}(N)$ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

289 views

### The dogma of the natural numbers in physics

As is well known "God made the natural numbers; all else is the work of man" (Leopold Kronecker). However, "what would correspond more to the spirit of physics would be a mathematical theory of the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

254 views

### Is the structure constant additive on connected components?

This is the reanimation of a question which already got an answer, that I did not fully understand. Coming back to it, after let it sit in a corner for some time, I keep not getting the point. I would ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

713 views

### Mathematical equivalent to ladder operators?

A powerful method in theoretical physics are ladder operators. They are used in QM to solve problems like the harmonic oscillator and the hydrogen atom. The idea is to solve with their help the ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

259 views

### What are some good sanity checks for simulating BNLS?

After doing some googling, I failed to find any explicit solution for the Biharmonic Nonlinear Schrodinger Equation, which states:
$$
i\psi (x,t) _t - \Delta ^2 \psi (x,t) + |\psi (x,t) | ^{2 \sigma} ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

222 views

### A question on existence of $Spin^c$-structure $P\to M$

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a compact symplectic manifold and the cohomology class $$[\omega]+\frac{1} {2}c_1(\wedge_{\mathbb C}^{0,n}(TM, J))\in H_{dR}^2(M)$$
is integral, for some almost complex structure ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### All symplectic manifolds have $Mp^c$-structures?

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a symplectic manifold, and $Mp^c(n)=Mp(n)\times_{\mathbb Z_2}U(1)$ which $Mp(n)$ here is Metaplectic group which is the double cover of symplectic group. I am looking for a ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

176 views

### Characterize spin cobordism invariants in dimer models

The paper by Cimasoni and Reshetikhin http://arxiv.org/abs/math-ph/0608070 shows that one can map problems about spin structures on a Riemann surface into problems about dimmer configurations on a ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

291 views

### State of the art of BPS and Donaldson-Thomas invariants for toric Calabi-Yau threefolds

I am trying to understand what has been done with regards to computing BPS invariants and Donaldson-Thomas type invariants of Calabi-Yau threefolds. To make the question more focused, let's say that I ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Diffusion equation on mixing of diffusing particles

I am trying to study mixing of diffusing particles like it was done by E. Ben-Naim On the Mixing of Diﬀusing Particles.
The picture below shows the idea how permutations and inversion numbers reflect ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

379 views

### $\{\phi:\int \phi d\mu=0\}$ for a fixed shift invariant $\mu$

Given a shift invariant probability measure $\mu$ on a mixing subshift of finite type.
What are the Lipschitz functions with zero integral with respect to the measure $\mu?$
Clearly any ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### What is the general form of the duality transform for the Fock space?

I am interested in properties of the symmetric Fock space, looked at via the associated Wiener space. It is well known that for a Hilbert space $k$, the symmetric Fock space ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### Moments of the position operator and wavepacket spreading

I've noticed that when papers in mathematical physics concern themselves with the rate at which a wavepacket spreads, they almost always try to bound the moments of the position operator (the operator ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

104 views

### Combinatorial Pin structure

David Cimasoni and Nicolai Reshetikhin have a paper on the combinatorial description of spin structure http://arxiv.org/abs/math-ph/0608070, where it shows the equivalence of spin structure to the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Time decay for Hartree equation with Coulomb potential

Are there any time-decay results for the solution of the Hartree equation
\begin{equation}\frac{1}{i}\partial_t\phi-\Delta\phi=-(|x|^{-1}\ast|\phi|^2)\phi,\quad x\in\mathbb{R}^3\end{equation} in ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

639 views

### Can eta invariant be written in terms of topological data?

The eta invariant was introduced by Atiyah, Patodi, and Singer. It roughly measures the asymmetry of the spectrum of a self-adjoint elliptic operator with respect to the origin. In the paper "Exotic ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

258 views

### What are the modular transformation properties of q-Pochhammer symbols?

Do q-Pochhammer symbols, defined as
$(a;q) = \prod_{k=0}^{\infty} (1- a q^k)$
have known modular transformation properties? That is, if we write $q = q[z] = e^{2\pi i z}$, is there any reasonably ...

**17**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### What is Chern-Simons theory expected to assign to a point?

Let $G$ be a compact, connected, (simply connected?) Lie group and let $k \in H^4(BG, \mathbb{Z})$ be a cohomology class. Witten showed, at a physical level of rigor, that this data determines a ...

**4**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Algebraic Geometry for non-mathematician [closed]

I think I sound stupid but I have heard a lot about Algebraic Geometry as a subject and wish to study it without actually studying abstract algebra. I have never studied abstract algebra since I am a ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

275 views

### Existence of Minimizer of $h(\rho) = c \|\rho\|_{3} - \int_{\mathbb R^3} \, dx \frac{\rho(x)}{|x|} $

given the following functional
$h(\rho) = c \|\rho\|_{3} - \int_{\mathbb R^3} \, dx \frac{\rho(x)}{|x|} $ with $\rho>0$ , $\|\rho\|_1 = 1$ and obviously $\rho\in L^1(\mathbb R^3)$.
Can I see ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### Spectrum of an angular-momentum related operator

Could someone please give me a reference for the eigenvalues and eigenstates of operators related to the angular momentum of a spinless, non-relativistic 2-D quantum particle?
In particular, I'm ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Chain-complex and Co-chain-complex valued Topological Quantum field theories

My research has led to me considering chain-complex and co-chain-complex valued topological quantum field theories. However, I am unable to find any literature that extensively studies this. Is there ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

441 views

### What are some geometric / physical / probabilistic interpretations of the Riemann zeta function at integer arguments n ≤ 1?

Introduction: This is slightly edited and generalised version of a question I asked on the Physics Stack Exchange website. This question has a twin brother asked here on MO, only now we consider ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

919 views

### Geometric Quantization

I'm curious about geometric quantization.
Of course, I know the procedure:
Start with a classical phase space $T^{*}X$, $X$ is the configuration space, then do prequantization by creating a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

212 views

### Does the notion of a “coherent state” exist in TQFTs? (ETQFTs?)

In the quantum harmonic oscillator, there exists a family of states called coherent states which form an overcomplete set of states. They are regarded as "the states most resembling classical states", ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

330 views

### Presence of singular points in the trajectory of a double pendulum

Watching the trajectory of a double pendulum, I caught myself wondering if it would be possible to prove that the path the second pendulum makes contains "cusps" or singular points. Upon investigating ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Short examples that are/are not quantum-ergodic

Are there any considerably short examples of manifolds that are/aren't quantum ergodic, or quantum unique ergodic?
Note that a (compact) Riemannian manifold is said to be quantum ergodic if ...