**2**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### Heat transfer: boundary conditions with fluid velocity

The following equation is considered:
$$
\frac{\partial u}{\partial t} - a\Delta u + \mathbf v \cdot \nabla u = f.
$$
I have difficulties in formulating boundary conditions for this equation.
If ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

123 views

### Equivalence of the construction of the Lagrangian in a book of Sternberg to the “usual” construction

I have a question regarding the following cited text from [1]:
Let $F$ be a representation of the structure group $G$ of the principal bundle $P_G\to M$ (a (semi-)Riemannian manifold), and let ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### Extension of a bounded operator on manifold

I have a problem, which is quite urgent, as I have only today discovered an error in a proof i had in a thesis which is to be handed in tomorrow.
The problem, if stated in as full generality as ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

544 views

### References for a physicist migrating to stochastic processes

I've studied "Markov Chains" - Norris and "Measure, Integral and Probability" - Capinski, Kopp. Now, I'm looking for a couple of books (or other references) that help me bridging these two topics. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

167 views

### System of quadratic complex equations

I want to solve this system of N non-linear equations without using a numerical method:
$x_{k}^{2}= \alpha_{k }+ \sum\limits_{m=1}^{N} (\beta_{km} x_{m} + \psi_{km} x_{m}^{*})$
With
$\left| ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

145 views

### The mathematics in understand anyons [closed]

I've been about particles called anyons which exist within a two dimensional framework. I've also found out that these particles can have an angular momentum equal to any real number. Normally, in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### quantum states and observables for the non-commutative torus

The noncommutative torus $A_\theta$ is a $C^*$-algebra corresponding to an irrational foliation of the torus $\mathbb{T}^2$ by lines of slope $\theta \notin \mathbb{Q}$.
As far as I am reading it is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

227 views

### How to calculate the first and second homotopy groups of the following space constructed from $U(4)$

In solving a physics problem, I came across a weird topological space constructed from $U(4)$, the group of $4\times4$ unitary matrices. I want to know the first two homotopy groups of it. Here is how ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

179 views

### Orbital integral by using symplectic quotient

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a compact symplectic Hamiltonian $G$-manifold and $\Gamma_{\text hol}(M,L)$ be the space of holomorphic sections of the line bundle $L\to M$
I am looking for a proof for ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

392 views

### 4d Constructive Quantum Field Theory

As a follow up to my previous question (How does Constructive Quantum Field Theory work?), I was wondering what difficulties physicists have had constructing 4d axiomatic qfts. Why has CQFT's success ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

313 views

### How does Constructive Quantum Field Theory work?

Please correct me if I'm wrong, but it seems to me that two and three dimensional axiomatic quantum field theory were constructed as follow: the wightman axioms were formulated in euclidean space via ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

315 views

### A question about Quantized closed Kaehler manifolds

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a Quantized closed Kaehler manifold then by Koderia embedding theorem , $M$ must be algebraicly projective i.e, we have the embedding
$$\phi: (M,\omega)\to (\mathbb CP^N, ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

333 views

### Is there a specific geometric meaning why fractional charges are allowed in SU(N) gauge theories?

So in the standard model of particle physics, there exist particles with fractional charge. What this means geometrically is as follows: We are given a smooth manifold with a principal $U(1)$ bundle ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

307 views

### Solving $T^2 = -\kappa\, \mathrm{Tr}\, (\log(e^{i T \hat{H}_0} \hat{O}) )^2$ equation

Is there a way to solve the equation: $T^2 = -\kappa\, \mathrm{Tr}\, (\log(e^{i T \hat{H}_0} \hat{O}) )^2$ for $T$?
Here $\kappa$ is an arbitrary positive constant, $\hat{H}_0 \in \mathfrak{su}(N)$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

275 views

### The dogma of the natural numbers in physics

As is well known "God made the natural numbers; all else is the work of man" (Leopold Kronecker). However, "what would correspond more to the spirit of physics would be a mathematical theory of the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

130 views

### Is the structure constant additive on connected components?

Let $M$ be a Riemann surface and $\mu$ a metric on it, which could be non-compact. Moreover let $\Delta_{\mu,\,M}$ be the Laplacian on $M$ induced by $\mu$ and $\mathrm{det}^*(\Delta_{\mu,\,M})$ its ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

657 views

### Mathematical equivalent to ladder operators?

A powerful method in theoretical physics are ladder operators. They are used in QM to solve problems like the harmonic oscillator and the hydrogen atom. The idea is to solve with their help the ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

233 views

### What are some good sanity checks for simulating BNLS?

After doing some googling, I failed to find any explicit solution for the Biharmonic Nonlinear Schrodinger Equation, which states:
$$
i\psi (x,t) _t - \Delta ^2 \psi (x,t) + |\psi (x,t) | ^{2 \sigma} ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### A question on existence of $Spin^c$-structure $P\to M$

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a compact symplectic manifold and the cohomology class $$[\omega]+\frac{1} {2}c_1(\wedge_{\mathbb C}^{0,n}(TM, J))\in H_{dR}^2(M)$$
is integral, for some almost complex structure ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

142 views

### All symplectic manifolds have $Mp^c$-structures?

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a symplectic manifold, and $Mp^c(n)=Mp(n)\times_{\mathbb Z_2}U(1)$ which $Mp(n)$ here is Metaplectic group which is the double cover of symplectic group. I am looking for a ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

161 views

### Characterize spin cobordism invariants in dimer models

The paper by Cimasoni and Reshetikhin http://arxiv.org/abs/math-ph/0608070 shows that one can map problems about spin structures on a Riemann surface into problems about dimmer configurations on a ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

258 views

### State of the art of BPS and Donaldson-Thomas invariants for toric Calabi-Yau threefolds

I am trying to understand what has been done with regards to computing BPS invariants and Donaldson-Thomas type invariants of Calabi-Yau threefolds. To make the question more focused, let's say that I ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Diffusion equation on mixing of diffusing particles

I am trying to study mixing of diffusing particles like it was done by E. Ben-Naim On the Mixing of Diﬀusing Particles.
The picture below shows the idea how permutations and inversion numbers reflect ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

374 views

### $\{\phi:\int \phi d\mu=0\}$ for a fixed shift invariant $\mu$

Given a shift invariant probability measure $\mu$ on a mixing subshift of finite type.
What are the Lipschitz functions with zero integral with respect to the measure $\mu?$
Clearly any ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### What is the general form of the duality transform for the Fock space?

I am interested in properties of the symmetric Fock space, looked at via the associated Wiener space. It is well known that for a Hilbert space $k$, the symmetric Fock space ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### Moments of the position operator and wavepacket spreading

I've noticed that when papers in mathematical physics concern themselves with the rate at which a wavepacket spreads, they almost always try to bound the moments of the position operator (the operator ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

100 views

### Combinatorial Pin structure

David Cimasoni and Nicolai Reshetikhin have a paper on the combinatorial description of spin structure http://arxiv.org/abs/math-ph/0608070, where it shows the equivalence of spin structure to the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### How can one use stability analaysis of finite differences methods in linear Schrodinger to the NLS?

Specifically, I've seen a lot of analysis of grid stability for solving Linear Schrodinger with Forward Euler, Backward Euler and Crank-Nicolson. However, most of the usages I've seen for the same ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Time decay for Hartree equation with Coulomb potential

Are there any time-decay results for the solution of the Hartree equation
\begin{equation}\frac{1}{i}\partial_t\phi-\Delta\phi=-(|x|^{-1}\ast|\phi|^2)\phi,\quad x\in\mathbb{R}^3\end{equation} in ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

557 views

### Can eta invariant be written in terms of topological data?

The eta invariant was introduced by Atiyah, Patodi, and Singer. It roughly measures the asymmetry of the spectrum of a self-adjoint elliptic operator with respect to the origin. In the paper "Exotic ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

230 views

### What are the modular transformation properties of q-Pochhammer symbols?

Do q-Pochhammer symbols, defined as
$(a;q) = \prod_{k=0}^{\infty} (1- a q^k)$
have known modular transformation properties? That is, if we write $q = q[z] = e^{2\pi i z}$, is there any reasonably ...

**17**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### What is Chern-Simons theory expected to assign to a point?

Let $G$ be a compact, connected, (simply connected?) Lie group and let $k \in H^4(BG, \mathbb{Z})$ be a cohomology class. Witten showed, at a physical level of rigor, that this data determines a ...

**4**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Algebraic Geometry for non-mathematician [closed]

I think I sound stupid but I have heard a lot about Algebraic Geometry as a subject and wish to study it without actually studying abstract algebra. I have never studied abstract algebra since I am a ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

256 views

### Existence of Minimizer of $h(\rho) = c \|\rho\|_{3} - \int_{\mathbb R^3} \, dx \frac{\rho(x)}{|x|} $

given the following functional
$h(\rho) = c \|\rho\|_{3} - \int_{\mathbb R^3} \, dx \frac{\rho(x)}{|x|} $ with $\rho>0$ , $\|\rho\|_1 = 1$ and obviously $\rho\in L^1(\mathbb R^3)$.
Can I see ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

94 views

### Spectrum of an angular-momentum related operator

Could someone please give me a reference for the eigenvalues and eigenstates of operators related to the angular momentum of a spinless, non-relativistic 2-D quantum particle?
In particular, I'm ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### Chain-complex and Co-chain-complex valued Topological Quantum field theories

My research has led to me considering chain-complex and co-chain-complex valued topological quantum field theories. However, I am unable to find any literature that extensively studies this. Is there ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

418 views

### What are some geometric / physical / probabilistic interpretations of the Riemann zeta function at integer arguments n ≤ 1?

Introduction: This is slightly edited and generalised version of a question I asked on the Physics Stack Exchange website. This question has a twin brother asked here on MO, only now we consider ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

809 views

### Geometric Quantization

I'm curious about geometric quantization.
Of course, I know the procedure:
Start with a classical phase space $T^{*}X$, $X$ is the configuration space, then do prequantization by creating a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### Does the notion of a “coherent state” exist in TQFTs? (ETQFTs?)

In the quantum harmonic oscillator, there exists a family of states called coherent states which form an overcomplete set of states. They are regarded as "the states most resembling classical states", ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

317 views

### Presence of singular points in the trajectory of a double pendulum

Watching the trajectory of a double pendulum, I caught myself wondering if it would be possible to prove that the path the second pendulum makes contains "cusps" or singular points. Upon investigating ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Short examples that are/are not quantum-ergodic

Are there any considerably short examples of manifolds that are/aren't quantum ergodic, or quantum unique ergodic?
Note that a (compact) Riemannian manifold is said to be quantum ergodic if ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

201 views

### How to classify continuous/differentiable maps from $T^2$ to $U(N)$?

I read a physics paper, of which the main idea is based on the topological classification of maps from 3-torus to the space of $N\times N$ unitary matrices. To quote their equation (4), which gives a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### Do cyclic product vectors generatating irreducible representation of a Lie group come from a unique orbit?

Consider a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$ which is a carrier space of a unitary, irreducible and strongly continuous representation $\Pi$ of a Lie group $G$. Let $\Pi\otimes \Pi$ denote the corresponding ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

161 views

### Lagrangians with the same extremal curves

It is well know that (in the sense having the same image not parametrization) the extremal curves of the energy functional on a Riemanian manifold $(M,g)$:
$E[\gamma(t)] = \int ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

275 views

### A question about complex polarization

Let $M$ be a symplectic manifold, Then a subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex polarization if
$P$ is Lagrangian
P involutive
dim$P\cap\bar P ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

86 views

### How can the interersection number of $2$ $D6$ branes wrapping around a CY manifold be derived?

For two intersecting $D6$ branes $a$ and $b$ wrapped around a $6$ dimensional torus $T^6 = T^2 \times T^2 \times T^2$ specified by
$$
\textrm{D6-brane a:}\, (l_1^a,l_2^a,l_3^a)
$$
$$
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Lieb: Stability of matter, problem with variational method

I am trying to recalculate 'Stability of Matter' Paper from Lieb.
I have a problem at the last step of the proof at page 3, where Lieb calculates the minimizer. I will explain my ideas and my problem ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### Closed form for 3j-symbol ratios

I am working on the spherical harmonic decomposition of cosmic microwave background maps, therefore I often deal with functions that are proportional to Wigner 3J symbols/Clebsch–Gordan ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

94 views

### What are the differences and relations between R matrices solutions of Quantum Yang-Baxter equations and set-theoretical solutions of QYBE?

What are the differences and relations between R matrices solutions of Quantum Yang-Baxter equations and set-theoretical solutions of QYBE? Is it possible to write set-theoretical solutions of Quantum ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

207 views

### Sum over a product of binomial coefficients related to a collision problem

I am working on a certain collision problem. The probability of forming $j$ particles upon collision of $m$ and $n$ particles is given by the following equation:
...