**3**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Branches of 3j symbols

Question
Is there a quick way to identify the branches in a 3J symbol?
Context
I need to compute Wigner 3J symbols/Clebsch–Gordan coefficients,
$$
\begin{pmatrix}
\ell_1 &\ell_2 &\ell_3\\
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

417 views

### What are the ramifications of the Hodge conjecture to mathematical physics?

I read a little bit the survey:
http://www.claymath.org/sites/default/files/hodge.pdf
Well I understand its a conjecture in Algebraic Geometry, so it seems there should be some consequences of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Expectation equation, harmonic functions, do not understand why equation is true

Let $u: \mathbb{R}_+ \times \mathbb{R}^d$ be a bounded $C^2$ function whose first and second partial derivatives are uniformly bounded (or, more generally, have at most polynomial growth as $|x| \to \...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

265 views

### An extremal type problem on segments

I am interested in the following extremal-type problem.
Let us define $\Psi$ by
$$\Psi(x)=\max_{f\in L^2[0,x] \,\,\text{with}\,\,\|f\|_2=1}\Bigg|\int_0^x\int_0^xf(t)f(s)\ln|t-s|dsdt\Bigg|$$
on $(0,\...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### Complex scalar field, computation of propagators, four point function [closed]

This is a followup to my previous question here.
In quantum field theory, the Lagrangian for the complex scalar field is$$\mathcal{L} = \partial_\mu \phi^* \partial^\mu \phi - m^2 \phi^*\phi.$$Can ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

454 views

### In Gromov-Witten theory, why is the string coupling constant weighted by $2g-2$?

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau threefold and let us fix a homology class $\beta\in H_2(X,\mathbb Z)$, just for simplicity. The generating series of Gromov-Witten invariants of $X$ in class $\beta$, $$\mathsf ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Sign of 3j symbol (in view of interpolation)

Question
Is there a closed formula for the sign of a 3j symbol?
Context
I need to compute Wigner 3J symbols/Clebsch–Gordan coefficients,
$$
\begin{pmatrix}
\ell_1 &\ell_2 &\ell_3\\
0&0&...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

480 views

### Complex scalar field, generating functional?

The Lagrangian for the complex scalar field is$$\mathcal{L} = \partial_\mu \phi^* \partial^\mu \phi - m^2 \phi^* \phi.$$Can anyone work out or provide me a reference to the computation of the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

232 views

### Conformal compactification of Kerr spacetime

I'm looking for a book/paper where the conformal compactification of Kerr spacetime is calculated. I've seen plenty of reference for the Minkowski, but none (explicitly calculated) for Kerr.
Thank ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

95 views

### Discrete summation of Gaussian functions. Decay time problem

I am facing the following problem. I have a function which is defined through a discrete sum of Gaussians
$$F_M(t) = 2\sum\limits_{n=1}^{M}e^{-t^2 \sigma^2 n^2}\times \sum\limits_{k=n}^{M}p_k p_{k-n} +...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

212 views

### Gauge field quantization, electromagnetism

Classical electromagnetism (with no sources) follows from the actions$$S = \int d^4x\left(-{1\over4}F_{\mu\nu}F^{\mu\nu}\right),\text{ where }F_{\mu\nu} = \partial_\mu A_\nu - \partial_\nu A_\mu.$$The ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

308 views

### The proof that a vertex algebra can lead to a Wightman QFT

On p. 13 of "Vertex Algebras for Beginners", 2nd edition, Kac writes:
"Under certain assumptions and with certain additional data one may reconstruct the whole QFT from these chiral algebras, but we ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

131 views

### How can I understand the braiding terms introduced in the plaquette operator of the Walker-Wang TQFT

Walker-Wang models as introduced in (3+1)-TQFTS and Topological Insulators are an example of 3+1D lattice TQFTS. In analogy with the Levin-Wen models in 2+1D the authors define an exactly solvable ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

210 views

### Obtaining Killing fields from the tetrad

I'm reading the following article by Newman
http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/jmp/4/7/10.1063/1.1704018
about the generalization of the Schwarzschild metric. My question is the following: ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### How to derive explicit bound for the solution of following equation?

Let's have equation
$$
y''(t) + \left(\frac{3}{16t^{2}} + \frac{a}{t} -\frac{b}{t^{\frac{5}{4}}}cos(2t)\right)y(t) = 0, \quad t \in (1, \infty), \quad a, b > 0
$$
How to derive explicit upper bound ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### cohomology ring of stable configuration spaces

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold without boundary. Distinct $k$-points $x_1,\cdots,x_k\in M$ are called stable if the potential energy given by coulomb forces among $k$ electrons reaches ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### From symplectic manifold to Hilbert spaces [closed]

What could be a mathematical model of such physical wish? I'm looking for something sending a symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$ to a Hilbert space $H_{M}$ with the following properties:
1- We should ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### Finding $U,V$ in Thompson's Formula

Thompson's formula says, given $A,B \in \mathfrak{su}(n)$, there exists $U,V \in SU(n)$ such that:
$e^{A}e^{B}=e^{UAU^{\dagger} + VBV^{\dagger}}$
Given $a,b \in \mathfrak{su}(4)$ defined by:
$a=J_x ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### General solution to null-divergence equation

I am interested in whether each component of a divergenceless vector can itself be written as a divergence. My motivation for this question is the characterization of so-called trivial conservation ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

253 views

### Quantum Mechanics and bilinear optimal control theory

I was wondering whether there are any rigorous results about the optimal controllability of Schrödinger operators.
So my question is something like this:
Let $i \partial_t \psi(x,t) = H_0(x)\psi(x,t)...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

280 views

### Question about theorem in Arnold's book on action-angles variables

I have a question about the action-angle theorem on p. 283 in Arnold's textbook on classical mechanics.(I added the link to this book in the last part of this question)
If you don't have the book or ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

262 views

### Time-separation function on “globally hyperbolic” spacetimes with everywhere timelike boundary

It is well-known that, in globally hyperbolic spacetimes, the time separation function $\tau$ (aka Lorentzian distance function) enjoys the following property: fix a point $p$ and a point $q \in I^-(p)...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

460 views

### What does it mean to take the diagonal of the group $SU(2) \times SU(2) $?

I am reading Witten's paper on topological field theories, in specific the topological twist in page 359. In order to perform the twist he takes the diagonal subgroup of $K = SU(2)_{\text{Right}} \...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

158 views

### Local symplectomorphisms become global ones?

It is widely known that a local diffeomorphism is not necessarily a global diffeomosphism and so on.
Now, I stumbled over the question whether in some particular cases, as I will describe below, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

52 views

### Definition of $k$-precosymplectic manifold

A precosymplectic manifold of rank $2r$ is a triple $(M,\omega,\eta)$ where $M$ is a smooth manifold of dimension $2m+1$, $\omega$ is a closed 2-form on $M$ and $\eta$ is a closed 1-form on $M$ such ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

488 views

### Quantum Hamiltonian for an Inverse Cube Force Law

If you have a nonrelativistic quantum particle in $\mathbb{R}^3$ in an attractive inverse cube force, its Hamiltonian is
$$ H = -\nabla^2 - \frac{c}{r^2} $$
where I'm keeping things simple by ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

367 views

### Asymptotic $\int_M \mathrm{exp}[\mathbf{e}\left(n -\frac{t}{2\pi i}\right)] \left( 1 + \frac{5}{6} \mathbf{e}^2 \right)^{1/2} $ on quintic Calabi-Yau

Let $M = \{ G(x) = 0 \} \subseteq \mathbb{P}^4$ be a quintic Calabi-Yau and $\mathbf{e} \in H^2(M, \mathbb{Z})$ such that $\int_M \mathbf{e}^3 = 5$. Then as $t \gg 1$:
$$
\int_M
e^{n \mathbf{e}}
e^...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

141 views

### Minkowski spacetime in Newman Penrose formalism

I have a rather basic question for which (surprisingly!) I cannot find a short and clear answer anywhere:
I'm currently looking at the Newman Penrose (NP) formalism (I use primarily Chandrasekhar's "...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Singular integral equation

Investigating a control problem for heat equation I stacked on solution of this integral equation which seems to be singular:
$$
\int_0^1\mathcal{K}(\tau)u(\tau)d\tau=\mathcal{M},
$$
in which $\...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

778 views

### How should a mathematician approach the physics literature concerning percolation?

I would like to read some of the physics literature on two-dimensional percolation, however in attempting this I have run into two problems. (1) Physics papers on percolation are (relatively) hard ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

228 views

### Action of G_2 on certain 7x7 skew-symmetric matrices

I have been working with something related to Goldman bracket for $G_2$ gauge group. There I have something like "$\text{Tr}(M_{\gamma}O_i)$", where $M_{\gamma}$ is a monodromy which takes value in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

63 views

### anomaly polynomial of generalized Hitchin system

I would like to ask about mathematical background of this object. So, I am trying to puzzle out with 4d $\mathcal{N}=2$ SQFT. As far as I can gather this theroy can be described in terms of ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### Can the compactification of a (co)tangent bundle equipped with Saski metric be viewed as a “Wick rotation”?

We can equip the (co)tangent bundle of a Riemannian manifold (B,g) with a Saski metric $\hat{g}$ (see, for example, "On the geometry of tangent bundles" by Gudmunssun & Kappos) that looks like
\...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

328 views

### Existence and uniqueness for two-dimensional time-dependent Schrödinger equation

I currently have to deal with time-dependent Schrödinger equations in two variables on bounded domains and wanted to find out about uniqueness and existence of solutions.
Unfortunately, I am a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Possible lower bound in quantum many body system with non-local terms

I am asking a question related to Lieb-Robinson bound and nonlocality.
As we know from Lieb-Robinson theorem (see e.g. http://arxiv.org/abs/1008.5137): Suppose a Hamiltonian system is local, i.e. $H=\...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

165 views

### Fock Space Proof of $(g(x)\phi^4)_2$ Mass Gap?

Is there a proof that does not depend on Euclidean methods? Is this a proof? :
$V(g)$ can be written as $P+R$ where $P$ is non-negative and $R$ is $N$-bounded (and hence $(H_0+\lambda P)$-bounded). $...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

613 views

### Witten's proof of Morse inequalities, question on eigenvalues?

See here. I present Theorem 6 and Corollary 7 as follows.
Theorem 6. For large $s$, $\Delta_s$ and $H$ have the same number of eigenvalues in the interval $[0, s^{-2/5}]$.
Corollary 7. $\dim \...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

586 views

### Which journals publish applied mathematics with mostly pure mathematics content?

In the spirit of Which journals publish expository work? please advise:
What consistently high quality journals$^1$ today publish results that would otherwise go to a pure mathematics journal if ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### A proof of the Ibragimov et al. commutation relation

Let $u_a(x),\,a=1,2,\ldots n$ be a $n$-component field in Minkowski spacetime
$x^\mu,\,\mu=0,1,2,3$ and let $u_{a,\,\mu}=\frac{du_a}{dx^\mu}$. Let us introduce two operators (we use Einstein ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

293 views

### Proof of Arnold-Liouville theorem in classical mechanics [closed]

I am currently reading Arnold's book "Mathematical Methods of classical mechanics" on page 278 and I don't see through his arguments there at a point.
Especially, I am talking about the part that ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Stationary distribution of last passage percolation

Consider last passage percolation model on $\mathbb{Z}^2$. I am interested to know if there is any known result for the stationary distribution of passage times, given some distribution for the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

130 views

### Conformally covariant distributions

In Conformal Field Theory (in $D$ dimensions) one considers (in particular) correlation functions of the form
$$
\langle O(x)O(y)\rangle,
$$
where $O$ is a scalar primary field. Scale covariance ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Extracting information from a differential equation if the zero eigenvalue eigen-function is known

Given the second order linear homogeneous differential equation
$$
-\dfrac{d^2}{dx^2}\psi_m(x) + V(x)\psi_m(x)=E_m\psi_m(x)
$$
with eigen-functions $\psi_m(x)$ and eigenvalues $E_m$, what information ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

216 views

### Gauss-Milgram formula for fermionic topological order?

For Bosonic topological order, a very useful formula was proved to be true:
$\sum_a d_a^2 \theta_a=\mathcal{D} \exp(\frac{c_-}{8}2\pi i) $
(for more detail: $d_a$ is the quantum dimension of anyon ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

894 views

### Ambidexterity and Quantization

Here the nlab says about Hopkins-Lurie's ambidexterity paper:
"The discussion in the article is apparently motivated as part of what it takes to make precise the discussion of quantization in ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### Infinitesimal variation of spectrum of Schrödinger operator with changing domain

Suppose we have a Schrödinger operator
$$-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+V(x)$$
defined on $[a,b]$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions. I am interested in whether there are any results for the variation of the ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

566 views

### $A \wedge A \wedge A$ in Chern-Simons

I am confused with the wedging operations of Lie algebra valued differential forms. Especially, for instance, I have some problems with the Chern-Simons 3-form
$$A \wedge dA + \frac{2}{3}A \wedge A \...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

325 views

### Do non-normal states exist in the Solovay model?

Let H be an infinite dimensional Hilbert space. Then there exist non-normal states on B(H) in ZFC (i.e. states that are not represented by a density operator).
Is this also true in the Solovay model ?...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

82 views

### Reference for measures of commutativity needed

I'm looking for an appropriate measure to quantify the extent to which two matrices commute. In other words, if A and B are two n×n Hermitian matrices, and [A,B]=C.
I'd like a function μ:Cn×n→[0,∞) ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

191 views

### Find the expansion of the exact solution (beyond Taylor)

In a paper by Kitagawa & Ueda Squeezed spin states they give an argument that the minimum variance in one-axis twisting Hamiltonian scales like $V_{min} \propto S^{-2/3}$. I will shortly describe ...