Mathematical methods in quantum field theory, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, condensed matter, nuclear and atomic physics.

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The mathematics in understand anyons [closed]

I've been about particles called anyons which exist within a two dimensional framework. I've also found out that these particles can have an angular momentum equal to any real number. Normally, in ...
3
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1answer
166 views

quantum states and observables for the non-commutative torus

The noncommutative torus $A_\theta$ is a $C^*$-algebra corresponding to an irrational foliation of the torus $\mathbb{T}^2$ by lines of slope $\theta \notin \mathbb{Q}$. As far as I am reading it is ...
2
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1answer
212 views

How to calculate the first and second homotopy groups of the following space constructed from $U(4)$

In solving a physics problem, I came across a weird topological space constructed from $U(4)$, the group of $4\times4$ unitary matrices. I want to know the first two homotopy groups of it. Here is how ...
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0answers
169 views

Orbital integral by using symplectic quotient

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a compact symplectic Hamiltonian $G$-manifold and $\Gamma_{\text hol}(M,L)$ be the space of holomorphic sections of the line bundle $L\to M$ I am looking for a proof for ...
6
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1answer
311 views

4d Constructive Quantum Field Theory

As a follow up to my previous question (How does Constructive Quantum Field Theory work?), I was wondering what difficulties physicists have had constructing 4d axiomatic qfts. Why has CQFT's success ...
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1answer
270 views

How does Constructive Quantum Field Theory work?

Please correct me if I'm wrong, but it seems to me that two and three dimensional axiomatic quantum field theory were constructed as follow: the wightman axioms were formulated in euclidean space via ...
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1answer
291 views

A question about Quantized closed Kaehler manifolds

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a Quantized closed Kaehler manifold then by Koderia embedding theorem , $M$ must be algebraicly projective i.e, we have the embedding $$\phi: (M,\omega)\to  (\mathbb CP^N, ...
5
votes
1answer
290 views

Is there a specific geometric meaning why fractional charges are allowed in SU(N) gauge theories?

So in the standard model of particle physics, there exist particles with fractional charge. What this means geometrically is as follows: We are given a smooth manifold with a principal $U(1)$ bundle ...
3
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303 views

Solving $T^2 = -\kappa\, \mathrm{Tr}\, (\log(e^{i T \hat{H}_0} \hat{O}) )^2$ equation

Is there a way to solve the equation: $T^2 = -\kappa\, \mathrm{Tr}\, (\log(e^{i T \hat{H}_0} \hat{O}) )^2$ for $T$? Here $\kappa$ is an arbitrary positive constant, $\hat{H}_0 \in \mathfrak{su}(N)$ ...
3
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0answers
239 views

The dogma of the natural numbers in physics

As is well known "God made the natural numbers; all else is the work of man" (Leopold Kronecker). However, "what would correspond more to the spirit of physics would be a mathematical theory of the ...
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1answer
125 views

Is the structure constant additive on connected components?

Let $M$ be a Riemann surface and $\mu$ a metric on it, which could be non-compact. Moreover let $\Delta_{\mu,\,M}$ be the Laplacian on $M$ induced by $\mu$ and $\mathrm{det}^*(\Delta_{\mu,\,M})$ its ...
8
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2answers
575 views

Mathematical equivalent to ladder operators?

A powerful method in theoretical physics are ladder operators. They are used in QM to solve problems like the harmonic oscillator and the hydrogen atom. The idea is to solve with their help the ...
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3answers
147 views

What are some good sanity checks for simulating BNLS?

After doing some googling, I failed to find any explicit solution for the Biharmonic Nonlinear Schrodinger Equation, which states: $$ i\psi (x,t) _t - \Delta ^2 \psi (x,t) + |\psi (x,t) | ^{2 \sigma} ...
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1answer
192 views

A question on existence of $Spin^c$-structure $P\to M$

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a compact symplectic manifold and the cohomology class $$[\omega]+\frac{1} {2}c_1(\wedge_{\mathbb C}^{0,n}(TM, J))\in H_{dR}^2(M)$$ is integral, for some almost complex structure ...
3
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1answer
133 views

All symplectic manifolds have $Mp^c$-structures?

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a symplectic manifold, and $Mp^c(n)=Mp(n)\times_{\mathbb Z_2}U(1)$ which $Mp(n)$ here is Metaplectic group which is the double cover of symplectic group. I am looking for a ...
6
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0answers
130 views

Characterize spin cobordism invariants in dimer models

The paper by Cimasoni and Reshetikhin http://arxiv.org/abs/math-ph/0608070 shows that one can map problems about spin structures on a Riemann surface into problems about dimmer configurations on a ...
7
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0answers
205 views

State of the art of BPS and Donaldson-Thomas invariants for toric Calabi-Yau threefolds

I am trying to understand what has been done with regards to computing BPS invariants and Donaldson-Thomas type invariants of Calabi-Yau threefolds. To make the question more focused, let's say that I ...
2
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0answers
82 views

Diffusion equation on mixing of diffusing particles

I am trying to study mixing of diffusing particles like it was done by E. Ben-Naim On the Mixing of Diffusing Particles. The picture below shows the idea how permutations and inversion numbers reflect ...
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2answers
366 views

$\{\phi:\int \phi d\mu=0\}$ for a fixed shift invariant $\mu$

Given a shift invariant probability measure $\mu$ on a mixing subshift of finite type. What are the Lipschitz functions with zero integral with respect to the measure $\mu?$ Clearly any ...
7
votes
1answer
194 views

What is the general form of the duality transform for the Fock space?

I am interested in properties of the symmetric Fock space, looked at via the associated Wiener space. It is well known that for a Hilbert space $k$, the symmetric Fock space ...
3
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1answer
75 views

Moments of the position operator and wavepacket spreading

I've noticed that when papers in mathematical physics concern themselves with the rate at which a wavepacket spreads, they almost always try to bound the moments of the position operator (the operator ...
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0answers
97 views

Combinatorial Pin structure

David Cimasoni and Nicolai Reshetikhin have a paper on the combinatorial description of spin structure http://arxiv.org/abs/math-ph/0608070, where it shows the equivalence of spin structure to the ...
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0answers
69 views

Measure generated by Semigroup $\exp[-t|p|]$

I am studying Ingrid Daubechies' paper 'An Uncertainty Principle for Fermions with Generalized Kinetic Energy'. On page 514, the measure $\mu_{x,y;t}$ is introduced as generated by the semigroup ...
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0answers
34 views

How can one use stability analaysis of finite differences methods in linear Schrodinger to the NLS?

Specifically, I've seen a lot of analysis of grid stability for solving Linear Schrodinger with Forward Euler, Backward Euler and Crank-Nicolson. However, most of the usages I've seen for the same ...
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55 views

Time decay for Hartree equation with Coulomb potential

Are there any time-decay results for the solution of the Hartree equation \begin{equation}\frac{1}{i}\partial_t\phi-\Delta\phi=-(|x|^{-1}\ast|\phi|^2)\phi,\quad x\in\mathbb{R}^3\end{equation} in ...
6
votes
2answers
382 views

Can eta invariant be written in terms of topological data?

The eta invariant was introduced by Atiyah, Patodi, and Singer. It roughly measures the asymmetry of the spectrum of a self-adjoint elliptic operator with respect to the origin. In ...
3
votes
2answers
214 views

What are the modular transformation properties of q-Pochhammer symbols?

Do q-Pochhammer symbols, defined as $(a;q) = \prod_{k=0}^{\infty} (1- a q^k)$ have known modular transformation properties? That is, if we write $q = q[z] = e^{2\pi i z}$, is there any reasonably ...
17
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3answers
944 views

What is Chern-Simons theory expected to assign to a point?

Let $G$ be a compact, connected, (simply connected?) Lie group and let $k \in H^4(BG, \mathbb{Z})$ be a cohomology class. Witten showed, at a physical level of rigor, that this data determines a ...
4
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6answers
1k views

Algebraic Geometry for non-mathematician [closed]

I think I sound stupid but I have heard a lot about Algebraic Geometry as a subject and wish to study it without actually studying abstract algebra. I have never studied abstract algebra since I am a ...
3
votes
2answers
240 views

Existence of Minimizer of $h(\rho) = c \|\rho\|_{3} - \int_{\mathbb R^3} \, dx \frac{\rho(x)}{|x|} $

given the following functional $h(\rho) = c \|\rho\|_{3} - \int_{\mathbb R^3} \, dx \frac{\rho(x)}{|x|} $ with $\rho>0$ , $\|\rho\|_1 = 1$ and obviously $\rho\in L^1(\mathbb R^3)$. Can I see ...
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1answer
79 views

Spectrum of an angular-momentum related operator

Could someone please give me a reference for the eigenvalues and eigenstates of operators related to the angular momentum of a spinless, non-relativistic 2-D quantum particle? In particular, I'm ...
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0answers
106 views

Chain-complex and Co-chain-complex valued Topological Quantum field theories

My research has led to me considering chain-complex and co-chain-complex valued topological quantum field theories. However, I am unable to find any literature that extensively studies this. Is there ...
5
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1answer
294 views

What are some geometric / physical / probabilistic interpretations of the Riemann zeta function at integer arguments n ≤ 1?

Introduction: This is slightly edited and generalised version of a question I asked on the Physics Stack Exchange website. This question has a twin brother asked here on MO, only now we consider ...
13
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2answers
660 views

Geometric Quantization

I'm curious about geometric quantization. Of course, I know the procedure: Start with a classical phase space $T^{*}X$, $X$ is the configuration space, then do prequantization by creating a ...
6
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1answer
170 views

Does the notion of a “coherent state” exist in TQFTs? (ETQFTs?)

In the quantum harmonic oscillator, there exists a family of states called coherent states which form an overcomplete set of states. They are regarded as "the states most resembling classical states", ...
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0answers
302 views

Presence of singular points in the trajectory of a double pendulum

Watching the trajectory of a double pendulum, I caught myself wondering if it would be possible to prove that the path the second pendulum makes contains "cusps" or singular points. Upon investigating ...
5
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0answers
71 views

Short examples that are/are not quantum-ergodic

Are there any considerably short examples of manifolds that are/aren't quantum ergodic, or quantum unique ergodic? Note that a (compact) Riemannian manifold is said to be quantum ergodic if ...
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1answer
188 views

How to classify continuous/differentiable maps from $T^2$ to $U(N)$?

I read a physics paper, of which the main idea is based on the topological classification of maps from 3-torus to the space of $N\times N$ unitary matrices. To quote their equation (4), which gives a ...
3
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1answer
212 views

Do cyclic product vectors generatating irreducible representation of a Lie group come from a unique orbit?

Consider a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$ which is a carrier space of a unitary, irreducible and strongly continuous representation $\Pi$ of a Lie group $G$. Let $\Pi\otimes \Pi$ denote the corresponding ...
4
votes
2answers
146 views

Lagrangians with the same extremal curves

It is well know that (in the sense having the same image not parametrization) the extremal curves of the energy functional on a Riemanian manifold $(M,g)$: $E[\gamma(t)] = \int ...
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1answer
264 views

A question about complex polarization

Let $M$ be a symplectic manifold, Then a subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex polarization if $P$ is Lagrangian P involutive dim$P\cap\bar P ...
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0answers
84 views

How can the interersection number of $2$ $D6$ branes wrapping around a CY manifold be derived?

For two intersecting $D6$ branes $a$ and $b$ wrapped around a $6$ dimensional torus $T^6 = T^2 \times T^2 \times T^2$ specified by $$ \textrm{D6-brane a:}\, (l_1^a,l_2^a,l_3^a) $$ $$ ...
4
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1answer
159 views

Lieb: Stability of matter, problem with variational method

I am trying to recalculate 'Stability of Matter' Paper from Lieb. I have a problem at the last step of the proof at page 3, where Lieb calculates the minimizer. I will explain my ideas and my problem ...
4
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1answer
107 views

Closed form for 3j-symbol ratios

I am working on the spherical harmonic decomposition of cosmic microwave background maps, therefore I often deal with functions that are proportional to Wigner 3J symbols/Clebsch–Gordan ...
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0answers
64 views

What are the differences and relations between R matrices solutions of Quantum Yang-Baxter equations and set-theoretical solutions of QYBE?

What are the differences and relations between R matrices solutions of Quantum Yang-Baxter equations and set-theoretical solutions of QYBE? Is it possible to write set-theoretical solutions of Quantum ...
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0answers
198 views

Sum over a product of binomial coefficients related to a collision problem

I am working on a certain collision problem. The probability of forming $j$ particles upon collision of $m$ and $n$ particles is given by the following equation: ...
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65 views

range of the difference-of-two-qubit-$4 \times 4$-density-matrix-determinants

The determinant of a two-qubit $4 \times 4$ density matrix--that is, a Hermitian, nonnegative definite matrix with unit trace--lies between $0$ and $(\frac{1}{2})^8$. (A "pure state" has determinant ...
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1answer
187 views

Stokes-Einstein rotational diffusion and vector orientation time

The Stokes-Einstein rotational diffusion relation tells us that we can write down a rotational diffusion coefficient for a sphere as: $D_r \approx \frac{k_B T}{\zeta_f} \approx \frac{k_B T}{(8 \pi ...
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1answer
132 views

Does this Mean Value have a Name?

Question: does the following mean value have a name? $$v^*=\sqrt{\frac{\sum_{i=1}^{n}\alpha_iv_i^2}{\sum_{i=1}^{n}\alpha_i}}, \alpha_i\in\mathbb{R}^+$$ where the $v_i$ are individual speed limits ...
3
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1answer
230 views

Electromagnetic duality symmetry

This question arose while reading http://prd.aps.org/abstract/PRD/v13/i6/p1592_1 (Duality transformations of Abelian and non-Abelian gauge fields, by Stanley Deser and Claudio Teitelboim). It is well ...