**1**

vote

**1**answer

213 views

### Tangent complex of dgla/ twisted dgla

I am looking for a theorem which says if we twist an $L_\infty$ quasi-isomorphism between dgla's by a Maurer-Cartan element, we'll get a new $L_\infty$ quasi-isomorphism.
Let $(\mathfrak{g}, d, [-,-]...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

708 views

### What's the probability distribution of a deterministic signal or how to marginalize dynamical systems? (functional integrals in probability theory)

In many signal processing calculations, the (prior) probability distribution of the theoretical signal (not the signal + noise) is required.
In random signal theory, this distribution is typically a ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

334 views

### Principal bundle approach to general relativity

I am curious if there is any literature (texbooks, mainly, but articles will do too, though I don't have easy access to any paid journal) that deals with general relativity by using Ehresmann ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Extreme unitary minimal models of conformal field theory

Some of the best understood conformal field theories are the 2D unitary minimal models $\mathcal{M}(m+1,m)$ indexed by the integer $m\ge 2$ and with central charge
$$
c=1-\frac{6}{m(m+1)}\ .
$$
I ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

225 views

### Rigorous scaling limit for Navier-Stokes and Boltzmann equation

In the now 35 years old survey paper ''Kinetic equations from Hamiltonian dynamics'', Herbert Spohn mentions two important unsolved problems in mathematical physics: On p.571 the hydrodynamic limit, ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

246 views

### Non-self adjoint Sturm-Liouville problem

I'm new to this site, but I felt the need to post when I recently came in to an ordinary differential equation/boundary value problem with this form:
$(1)- \frac{d^2 y}{d x^2} + \frac{m(m+1)} {x^2(...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

96 views

### Eigenvalues of the D'Alembertian operator

My question about the spectral theory of the D'Alembertian operator on a Lorentzian manifolds (say the spacetime $M^{3+1}$) given by $$\square = -\partial_{t}^2 + \Delta$$ for the metric $g=(-+++)$. ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### Distinguishing the Duflo star product

$\newcommand{\g}{\mathfrak g}\newcommand{\h}{\hbar}$
For a finite dimensional Lie algebra $\g$, he Duflo isomorphism is a complicated algebra isomorphism between the $\g$-invariant part $S(\g)^\g$ of ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

329 views

### Moduli spaces in applied mathematics and condensed matter physics?

In this MO question it is stated that there is a relation between some aspects of condensed matter physics (namely the fractional quantum Hall effect) and the algebraic geometry of Hilbert schemes.
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

57 views

### Low-dimensional classical r-matrices

Let $g= gl_2$. Suppose that $r \in g \otimes g$ satisfies the following properties:
(1) $r_{12} + r_{21} \in g \otimes g$ is $g$-invariant, $r_{12} = r$, $r_{21} = \tau \ r_{12}$.
(2) $[r_{12}, r_{...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

106 views

### Infinite total variation of complex measure in Feynman path integral [closed]

I am trying to understand this: If one tries to define a Feynman path integral as a Wiener integral, then the complex measure could be of infinite total variation. What exactly does this mean? How ...

**50**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Recent observation of gravitational waves

It was exciting to hear that LIGO detected the merging of two black
holes one billion light-years away. One of the black holes had 36
times the mass of the sun, and the other 29. After the merging the
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

23 views

### Construction of point process having same pair correlations as GUE

The distribution of the pair correlations of the eigenvalues of the GUE satisfies (in the limit, when being normalized appropriately)
$$
g(u) = 1 - \left(\frac{\sin(\pi u)}{\pi u}\right)^2 + \delta(u)....

**3**

votes

**3**answers

122 views

### Symplectic manifolds with dense group of periods

Let $ (M, \omega) $ be a symplectic manifold. The de Rham class of $\omega$ induces a homomorphism $[\omega]: H_2(M) \to \mathbb{R}$, whose image $\Gamma_{\omega} \subseteq \mathbb{R}$ is called the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

218 views

### Is there an alternate name for the symplectic convolution?

Looking into the Wigner-Weyl transformation mapping Hilbert space operators to functions on phase-space, I've run up against the need for a symplectic convolution
$$[F\star G](x,p) = \int \!dy\,dk\, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### TAP expression for entropy [closed]

This paper by Barton and Cocco: http://www.phys.ens.fr/~cocco/Art/articlejstat.pdf
claims on page 17 (Formula (30)) an expression for the "high-temperature" entropy of an Ising model, given its ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

422 views

### How to prove this determinant is positive-II?

Question: Given an arbitrary number of real matrices of the form $ A_i=
\biggl(\begin{matrix}
C_i+E_i & B_i \\
B_i^T & D_i-F_i
\end{matrix} \biggr)
$, where $B_i$ is an arbitrary $n\times n$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

93 views

### A Gaussian integral over complex variables by a defined Green's function for a Gaussian ensemble of random matrix

We construct an $N\times N$ matrix $J$ whose elements are drawn from Gaussian distribution with zero mean and variance $\frac{1}{N}$. Since we want to have different variances for different columns, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

106 views

### Spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on a domain of finite volume in the hyperbolic space $H^n$

What is known about the ($L^2$) spectrum of the minus Laplace-Beltrami operator ($- \Delta$) with zero boundary conditions on $B =H^n/\Gamma$, where $H^n$ is $n$-dimensional hyperbolic space ($n>1$...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

122 views

### Transferring connection information to associated bundles and back

This might not be research level but I've tried more than once to ask about this in MSE and it got nowhere. So I thought It's fair to at least try.
At the risk of repeating well known stuff I tried ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

185 views

### Flat connection from gauged WZW model

$\newcommand{\g}{\mathfrak g}$
$\newcommand{\h}{\mathfrak h}$
In short my question is :
Has someone worked out the flat connection that one should get from the gauged WZW model in genus 0 ?
Some ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

422 views

### States in C*-algebras and their origin in physics?

in $C^*-$algebras with unit element, there is the definition of a state, as a functional $\omega$ with $\omega(e)=||\omega||=1.$
Now, of course there is also in classical physics and quantum ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

68 views

### Non-trivial but simple concrete examples for some categories related to Tensor/Fusion categories

I'm writing a note on Tensor and Fusion categories, the readers of which are physicists rather than mathematicians. So instead of giving abstract definitions I have to give examples to inspire each ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### How to compute $t_0$ and $r^0$ in Belavin-Drinfeld's classification of solutions of classical Yang-Baxter equations?

I tried to understand Belavin-Drinfeld's classification of solutions of classical Yang-Baxter equations.
In the book a guide to quantum groups, on page 83, there is an example of solutions of the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

268 views

### Why curvature is equivariant as a moment map?

In Atiyah and Bott's famous paper "The Yang-Mills Equations over Riemann Surfaces", they treated curvature as a moment map of the gauge group acts on the connection space of a principal bundle $P$ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

103 views

### Does a classical wave detect compact dimensions?

Please excuse if the question is too easy; I'm just not familiar enough with PDEs.
I'd like to understand a little bit classical implications of "adding compact dimensions" in Physics, that is, what ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

159 views

### How to solve this system of Partial Differential Equations for reflection from a surface

The problem is to find the surface $z(x,y)$ determined by the following system of partial differential equations:
$${\partial z \over \partial x}f(x,y,z)+{\partial z \over \partial y}g(x,y,z)=h(x,y,z)...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Proper time and asymptotic flatness

I have asked this question at physics stackexchange but got no response. I thought I could try my luck here:
I'm trying to understand the concept of asymptotic flatness in general relativity, and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Looking for A. J. Tolland's exposition of non-renormalizability [duplicate]

In the MathOverFlow thread "Mathematical explanation of the failure to quantize gravity naively" there are references to "A.J. Tolland's very nice exposition of nonrenormalizability". However, Tolland'...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

166 views

### Intuition behind the “Lapse Function”

I came across the following definite of the Lapse Function:
$N=\sqrt{\frac{1}{2}g(L,\overline{L})}$
where $L,\overline{L}$ are the null geodesic vector fields. Further, I have been looking at this ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

374 views

### Path integral methods

Are there detailed expositions of the path integral methods in (mathematical) physics other than Feynman-Hibbs and Glimm-Jaffe?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

46 views

### Smoothness of the twistor space of a lorentzian manifold, or “convexity wrt null geodesics”

Null lines in Minkowski space form a 5-dimensional manifold, represented as a (real) quadric $\mathbf{PN}\subset\mathbb{C}\mathbf{P}^3$. This is a well-known fact, on which R. Penrose’s twistor ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### Is this function Schwartz?

I already asked this question here on MSE, didn't get an answer, and I'm still stuck with it.
Suppose I have a smooth function $\psi$ from $\mathbb{R}^n$ to $\mathbb{C}$, for which I know that
$$
...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

202 views

### Squeezing physics out of formal deformation quantizations

I am reading various texts concerning the concept of "quantization". I am interested in quantization on Riemannian manifolds (as opposed to just on $\Bbb R ^n$); for absolute clarity, I am interested ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

466 views

### What is the spin connection in 9 dimensions as opposed to 5 dimensions?

From Spin Connection in 5 dimensions I can define a massless fermion's covariant derivative on a curved manifold as
$$
\nabla_\mu \psi = (\partial_\mu - {i \over 4} \omega_\mu^{ab} \sigma_{ab}) \psi
\...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

103 views

### An analytic family of in fact non-existent improper Riemann integrals

Question:
Are there any useful interpretations or "applications" of the formula
$$\intop_0^\infty e^{-ax}\frac{\sin x}{x}\,dx=\frac{\pi}{2}-\arctan(a)\qquad \forall\;a\in \mathbb{R},
$$
in which the ...

**25**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Does quantum mechanics ever really quantize classical mechanics?

I was curious about a physics question which I thought might be suitable for mathoverflow. I looked at the answer to this question, but it's not what I'm looking for.
Basically, classical mechanics ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### gradient descent in space of functions

Differential equations of the form
$$\frac{d}{dt}\vec{x} = - \nabla E(\vec{x})$$
can be analyzed using phase portrait method. In particular, if the function $E$ (we call it energy) has local minimums, ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### Brauer-Picard for a fusion category coming from a quantum group

In Fusion Categories and Homotopy Theory, ENO attatch a 3-groupoid to a fusion category. In the case of A graded vector spaces they further compute it's truncation as an orthogonal group $O(A \...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### How are the real-space RG transformations defined?

I'm reading Shang-keng Ma's book Modern theory of critical phenomena, and I'm a bit confused as to how the real-space RG transformations are defined. Ma basically says that these transformations are ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

96 views

### Understanding the Segal-Sugawara construction

I am trying to understand the Segal-Sugawara construction from the book "vertex algebras and algebraic curves" by Frenkel, Ben-Zvi in 3.4.8. As an absolute layman in the area of mathematical physics ...

**22**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Number theory and physics

I was following some lectures by Edward Frenkel about Langlands correspondence. He was describing some analogies between number theory and theoretical physics (Mirror symmetry). At some point ( my ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Equation of motion for the Lagrangian $\mathcal{L} = \text{Tr}(\partial^\mu G \partial_\mu G^{-1})$, $G$ is unitary $N \times N$ matrix? [closed]

What is the equation of motion for the Lagrangian$$\mathcal{L} = \text{Tr}(\partial^\mu G \partial_\mu G^{-1})$$where $G$ is an $N \times N$ unitary matrix? Could anyone supply a reference to its ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

107 views

### Line bundles with vanishing cohomology on Calabi-Yau manifold

Suppose we have some line bundle $L(D)$ on Calabi-Yau threefold. Let's call this line bundle "rigid" if $H^0(X,L(D)) \simeq \mathbb{C}$ and $H^i(X,L(D))=0$ for $i=1,2,3$.
Is anything known about such ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

74 views

### One-parameter group of unitary operators and Core

Question : For what condition on $V$ (we can take it smooth, bounded, whatever necessary), the one-parameter unitary group $U(t)$ associated to the seladjoint operator $A=-\Delta+V$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Compact Quantum Groups and FRT-Algebras

As is well known, every compact quantum group in the sense of Woronowicz has a dense Hopf $*$-sub-algebra. For the case of $q-SU(n)$ (among others) this Hopf $*$-sub-algebra is an FRT-algebra, which ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Generating Functional for the Dirac Field, equivalence of expressions

As with the Klein-Gordon field, we can alternatively derive the Feynman rules with the free Dirac theory by means of a generating functional. In analogy with the scalar field theory where $Z[J]$ is ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### Branches of 3j symbols

Question
Is there a quick way to identify the branches in a 3J symbol?
Context
I need to compute Wigner 3J symbols/Clebsch–Gordan coefficients,
$$
\begin{pmatrix}
\ell_1 &\ell_2 &\ell_3\\
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

402 views

### What are the ramifications of the Hodge conjecture to mathematical physics?

I read a little bit the survey:
http://www.claymath.org/sites/default/files/hodge.pdf
Well I understand its a conjecture in Algebraic Geometry, so it seems there should be some consequences of ...