1
vote
1answer
188 views

Large vs Small Gauge transformations and Physical theories

I can't decipher the difference between large and small gauge transformations especially in its applications in physics.If perhaps one can engineer a simple physical theory that has such a ...
8
votes
3answers
352 views

References request: constructive quantum field theory

I am taking a course this semester on QFT, which deals much with constructive quantum field theory. Some of its topics so far involve relationships between non-Gaussian probability measures,Feynman ...
6
votes
1answer
192 views

Understanding the intermediate field method for the $\phi^4$ interaction

In Rivasseau's and Wang's How to Resum Feynman Graphs, on page 11 they illustrate the intermediate field method for the $\phi^4$ interaction and represent Feynman graphs as ribbon graphs. I had to ...
2
votes
0answers
166 views

Looking for good conferences / workshops on applications of renormalization group methods [closed]

I am looking for conferences and/or workshops, where people working on different problems using renormalization group methods come together to share their results and experience. As I have noted, ...
3
votes
0answers
241 views

A gentle introduction to CFT [closed]

1) Which is the definition of a conformal field theory? 2) Which are the physical prerequisites one would need to start studying conformal field theories? (i.e Does one need to know supersymmetry? ...
5
votes
0answers
163 views

Are there exactly solvable CFTs?

I am wondering if there are CFTs such that n-point correlation functions in them of the fields (may be the primaries or of some notion of twist fields) is exactly known. Are there such? Aren't ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

What are the boundary asymptotics of harmonic symmetric transverse traceless rank-s tensors on $\mathbb{H}^n$ in the Poincare upper-half-space model? [closed]

This question is motivated by the results in this paper, http://calvino.polito.it/~camporesi/JMP94.pdf In this paper some of its most important results about the asymptotics of symmetric traceless ...
6
votes
1answer
233 views

Are Turaev--Viro invariants secretly a discretized path integral?

Turaev--Viro http://www.ams.org/mathscinet-getitem?mr=1191386 defined an invariant of three-manifolds $M$ denoted $TV(M)$, which was subsequently shown by Kevin Walker to coincide with ...
1
vote
1answer
210 views

When does a “constant of the motion” imply a Noether current in a quantum field theory?

Assume we are given a quantum field theory described by some functional. If $J$ is a Noether current, i.e. it is associated with a symmetry of the functional and satisfies $\partial_s J^s=0$ (Noether ...
1
vote
1answer
508 views

What is the “fundamental theorem of invariant theory” ?

The basic question I guess can be formulated as - given two integers $N_f$ and $N_c$ what are the ways in which the fundamental and the anti-fundamental representations of $U(N_f)$ be combined to get ...
1
vote
0answers
227 views

Poles of products of Gamma functions

I want to know if there can be a general statement about the poles (Laurent expansion) of such products of Gamma functions as a function of $p \in \mathbb{R}$ in the limit $\epsilon \rightarrow 0$, ...
4
votes
2answers
359 views

CFTs corresponding to affine Lie algebras

I want to know how one can write down a CFT such that its conserved currents will satisfy some chosen (affine) Lie algebra $G$. On the few pages leading up to page 192 in here one can see see the ...
2
votes
1answer
405 views

An integral with Gamma functions

I wanted some insights about the integral in equation A.5 (page 19) in this paper, http://arxiv.org/pdf/1301.7182.pdf What is the derivation of this? Is there something more general from where this ...
6
votes
1answer
285 views

Relation between TQFT and Wilson lines, boundary conditions, surface defects etc

I have been studying (extended) topological quantum field theories (in short TQFTs) from the mathematical point of view and I have no background of the physics point of view. Sometimes I encountered ...
31
votes
7answers
3k views

The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Physics in Mathematics. Why ? What/how to catch?

Starting from 80-ies the ideas either coming from physics, or by physicists themselves (e.g. Witten) are shaping many directions in mathematics. It is tempting to paraphrase E. Wigner, saying about ...
1
vote
0answers
222 views

definitions of primary fields

I have come across two similar definitions of primary fields in conformal field theory. Depending on what I am doing each definition has its own usefulness. I expect both definitions to be compatible ...
16
votes
4answers
2k views

Mathematical foundations of Quantum Field Theory

Is there any reasonable approach, essentially different from Wightman's axioms and Algebraic Quantum Field Theory, aimed at obtaining rigorous models for realistic Quantum Field Theories? (such as ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Advice on doing physics under the umbrella of mathematics and the converse

Note: This is a question directly copied from Theoretical Physics SE primarily to get the advice of people indulged in mathematics. In the current scenario of research in QFT and string theory (and ...
3
votes
0answers
349 views

Looking for good summer schools on quantum field theory (especially renormalization theory) this summer [closed]

I'm a graduate student and I'm looking for summer schools to attend this summer. Anyone have any suggestions? Thanks!
4
votes
2answers
409 views

Wightman fields vs local functionals vs operators

In QFT literature one wants to look at $n-$point correlation functions of "operators" inserted at $x$ say, $\cal{O}(x)$ and if $\phi_i$ are the fields then the quantity one has in mind is written as, ...
4
votes
0answers
312 views

Correlation functions of complex operators

One defines the "scaling dimension" (as opposed to "engineering dimension") of an operator $\cal{O}$ as $[\cal{O}]$ such that if $\cal{O}(t^{-1}x) = t^{[\cal{O}]}\cal{O}(x)$ then the Lagrangian in ...
2
votes
0answers
456 views

relation between AGT- conjecture and CNV-correspondence

Is there any relation between AGT conjecture 0906.3219 and the 4d-2d correspondence of 1006.3435 ? For pure SYM of $\mathcal{N}=2$ , SU(2) guage group thoery, we know the explicit instanton ...
15
votes
5answers
3k views

What mathematical treatment is there on the renormalization group flow in a space of Lagrangians?

What mathematical treatment is there on the renormalization group flow in a space of Lagrangians?
5
votes
1answer
516 views

What are the canonical and earliest references to trivial symmetries in gauge systems?

I am trying to find canonical references and the history of trivial symmetries. The earliest text book reference I can find is on page 69 of Quantization of Gauge Systems by Henneaux and Teitelboim. ...
16
votes
5answers
3k views

What do mathematicians currently do in conformal field theory (or more general field theory)

I am wondering what currently our mathematicians do related to conformal field theory, (I know currently it is a central topic, but I have only a vague idea what mathematicians do in there), or more ...
1
vote
4answers
547 views

reference for wick product

Let $H$ be a real Hilbert space with complexification $H_{\mathbb{C}}$. We denote by $\mathfrak{F}$ the antisymmetric Fock space over $H_\mathbb{C}$ ("fermions"). A creation operator is denoted by ...
6
votes
3answers
471 views

Literature for gauge field theory on the lattice in geometrical formulation

I have found an article by Huebschmann, Rudolph and Schmidt: http://www.springerlink.com/content/b8v216v0m8h16264/ about "A Gauge Model for Quantum Mechanics on a Stratified Space" and I am very ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the Batalin-Vilkovisky formalism, and what are its uses in mathematics?

I checked Wikipedia, I know it is a powerful quantization in physics, but I am wondering what is its relation in mathematics (like mirror symmetry as in wikipedia). A related thing is quantum master ...
6
votes
1answer
575 views

Proof of PCT theorem for Haag-Kastler nets in QFT

This question is about a theorem in the Haag-Kastler axiomatic approach to quantum field theory (QFT), also known as axiomatic or algebraic or local QFT. PCT stands for parity, charge and time, a ...
7
votes
3answers
925 views

Stable graphs: Feynman diagrams and Deligne-Mumford space

I do not know very much about quantum field theory, but I have seen, in my reading, that stable graphs can appear in QFT in the form of, I think, Feynman diagrams. By stable graph I mean a "graph with ...
5
votes
1answer
550 views

Murray-von Neumann classification of local algebras in Haag-Kastler QFT

The Haag-Kastler approach to quantum field theory (QFT) is one of the oldest approaches to rigorously define what a QFT is, it deals with nets of operator algebras: You start with a spacetime and ...
8
votes
7answers
2k views

Path integrals outside QFT

The main application of Feynman path integrals (and the primary motivation behind them) is in Quantum Field Theory - currently this is something standard for physicists, if even the mathematical ...
9
votes
1answer
858 views

Spectral theory for self-adjoint field operators on a symmetric Fock space

Background Suppose we have a finite-dimensional Hilbert space $H = \mathbb{C}^s$ (for a natural number s) and we construct the symmetric (or bosonic) Fock space built from it: $$F(H):= \mathbb{C} ...
34
votes
6answers
6k views

Mathematical explanation of the failure to quantize gravity naively

One often hears in popular explanations of the failure to find a "Grand Unified Theory" that "Gravity goes off to infinity, but cutting off the edges gives us wrong answers", and other similar ...
22
votes
3answers
4k views

What is Chern-Simons theory?

What is Chern-Simons theory? I have read the wikipedia entry, but it's pretty physics-y and I wasn't really able to get any sense for what Chern-Simons theory really is in terms of mathematics. ...
22
votes
6answers
2k views

Examples of applications of the Borel-Weil-Bott theorem?

In "Quantum field theory and the Jones polynomial" (Comm. Math. Phys. 1989 vol. 121 (3) pp. 351-399), Witten writes: A representation Ri of a group G should be seen as a quantum object. This ...
17
votes
1answer
1k views

What are Gromov-Witten invariants in terms of physics?

What do Gromov-Witten invariants (of say a Calabi-Yau 3-fold) represent, or what are they supposed to represent, in terms of string theory? When I compute GW invariants, am I actually computing some ...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

How should I think about B-fields?

So, physicists like to attach a mysterious extra cohomology class in H^2(X;C^*) to a Kahler (or hyperkahler) manifold called a "B-field." The only concrete thing I've seen this B-field do is change ...