# Tagged Questions

190 views

### Sum over a product of binomial coefficients related to a collision problem

I am working on a certain collision problem. The probability of forming $j$ particles upon collision of $m$ and $n$ particles is given by the following equation: ...
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### What is the amplituhedron?

The paper ”Scattering Amplitudes and the Positive Grassmannian” by Nima Arkani-Hamed, Jacob L. Bourjaily, Freddy Cachazo, Alexander B. Goncharov, Alexander Postnikov, and Jaroslav Trnka, introduces ...
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### Combinatorial spin structures

I would like to know how to define spin structures combinatorially, for an oriented smooth manifold equipped with a triangulation. In the case of a 2d manifold, spin structures correspond to ...
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### Differences of Numbers of Helicity States in 4-dimensional Strings

The question whether the states in $D=2m + 2$ dimensional string theory, which carry a representation of $SO(2m)$, span spaces which carry representations of $SO(2m+1)$ seems hopelessly complicated. ...
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### Semi-Standard Young Tableaux: Do Diagrams for $O(2m)$ combine to Diagrams from $O(2m+1)$?

Let $n_\lambda^K$ be the number all semi-standard Young tableaux of size $K$ with Ferrers diagrams diagram $\lambda$ (i.e. the number of all fillings of $\lambda$ with natural numbers with weakly ...
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### Prove that the sum of a certain infinite series is 1

Prove the (numerically-evident) proposition that $$\Sigma_{i=0}^\infty f(i) = 1,$$ where f(i)= 2^{-4 i-6} q(i) \frac{\Gamma(3 i+\frac{5}{2}) \Gamma(5 ...
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### A counterexample to the Polya-Schur master theorems for half-planes

Given an integer $n\ge 1$ we say that $f\in C[z_1,\ldots,z_n]$ is stable if $f(z_1,\ldots,z_n)\neq 0$ whenever $\text{Im}\ z_i>0$ for all $1\leq i\leq n$. Stable polynomials with all real ...
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### Integration over the orthogonal group

Let $O(N)$ be the orthogonal group, and $a,b,c\in\mathbb N$. The question is: $$\int_{O(N)}U_{11}^aU_{22}^bU_{33}^cdU=?$$ This is quite a tricky question: (1) The first thought would go to ...
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### 2D Ising model partition function expansion

By combinatorial reasons, for 2D toric Ising model of fixed size I need low-temperature expansion for complex temperature, magnetic field, etc. Is there are some references? More precisely, energy of ...
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### Matrix-tree theorem via supersymmetry (i.e. Grassman algebras)

The matrix-tree theorem states the number of spanning trees of a graph $G$ is equal to a modified determinant of the adjacency matrix or "graph Laplacian", $\Delta_G$: \#\{ \text{spanning trees of ...
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### Is there a generalization of Schur - Weyl duality and plethysm for direct product of special unitary groups?

Consider the semisimple compact group $K=SU(N_1)\times SU(N_2) \times \ldots \times SU(N_S)$ acting naturally on $\mathcal{H}=\mathcal{H}_1 \otimes \mathcal{H}_2 \otimes \ldots \otimes \mathcal{H}_S$, ...
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### Max/min problems related to associahedra or their duals (ions on balls revisited)

Original motivation: This is a follow-up question to and generalization of MO Q78877 on equilibrium configurations of ions on n-Dim balls. Henry Cohn gave an excellent answer dispelling my naive ...
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### Symmetric tensor product of bosonic/fermionic Hilbert space

Consider two representation of the group $SU(n)$: $Sym^k(\mathbb{C}^n)$ and $\wedge^k\mathbb{C}^n$ ($k\leq n$) and take their symmetric tensor products: $Sym^2(Sym^k(\mathbb{C}^n))$, ...
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### Catalan objects associated to a univariate polynomial

Given a monic degree $n$ polynomial $f(z)$ with no double roots, and a phase $0\leq \theta < \pi$, there are natural constructions which associate to this data: a noncrossing matching on $2n$ ...
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### Equilibrium configurations of ions on n-Dim balls.

Given an n-dimensional electrically neutral, solid metal ball (a point for n=0; a rod, n=1; a disc, n=2; a solid ball, n=3; ...), place N=(n+1)! identical ions on the ball. As one of my favorite ...
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### When can a 3-dimensional triangulation be isometricaly embedded in R^n?

Consider a triangulation of some bounded region of $R^3$ with a (finite) set of tetrahedra (like in Regge calculus). It can be thought of as a simplicial 3-complex with specified lengths of edges. The ...
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### How much linear algebra can be done with graphs?

Let G be a finite directed acyclic graph, with sources $A=\{a_1,\ldots,a_n\}$ and sinks $B=\{b_1,\ldots,b_n\}$, with edge weights $w_{ij}$. The weight of a directed path P is the product of weights of ...
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### Horst Knörrer's Permutation Cancellation Problem

The Problem: The following question of Horst Knörrer is a sort of toy problem coming from mathematical physics. Let $x_1, x_2, \dots, x_n$ and $y_1,y_2,\dots, y_n$ be two sets of real numbers. We ...
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### Does BQP^P = BQP ? … and what proof machinery is available?

Update #3: Over on TCS StackExchange, I have rated as "accepted" an ingenious construction by Luca Trevisan, which answers a two-part question (as reframed by Tsuyoshi Ito) that is in essence "Do ...
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### Quantum PCP Theorem

Although I think I know the answers to these, I'd just like to collect them all in one place. What is the quantum PCP theorem, what implications does its proof have for simulation of Hamiltonians and ...
Generating function of the simple Hurwitz numbers is known to be connected with Gromov-Witten potential of the point (Kontsevich $\tau$-function) (see e.g. Ian Goulden, David Jackson and Ravi Vakil). ...
For a lattice in $\mathbb{R}^2$, if we include each edge independently with probability $p$ (i.e. bond percolation), it is well known that there is a critical probability $0 < p_c < 1$ depending ...