# Tagged Questions

**0**

votes

**0**answers

190 views

### Sum over a product of binomial coefficients related to a collision problem

I am working on a certain collision problem. The probability of forming $j$ particles upon collision of $m$ and $n$ particles is given by the following equation:
...

**51**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### What is the amplituhedron?

The paper ”Scattering Amplitudes and the Positive Grassmannian” by Nima Arkani-Hamed, Jacob L. Bourjaily, Freddy Cachazo, Alexander B. Goncharov, Alexander Postnikov, and Jaroslav Trnka, introduces ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

568 views

### Combinatorial spin structures

I would like to know how to define spin structures combinatorially, for an oriented smooth manifold equipped with a triangulation. In the case of a 2d manifold, spin structures correspond to ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Differences of Numbers of Helicity States in 4-dimensional Strings

The question whether the states in $D=2m + 2$ dimensional string theory,
which carry a representation of $SO(2m)$, span spaces which carry
representations of $SO(2m+1)$ seems hopelessly complicated.
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Semi-Standard Young Tableaux: Do Diagrams for $O(2m)$ combine to Diagrams from $O(2m+1)$?

Let $n_\lambda^K$ be the number all semi-standard Young tableaux of size
$K$ with Ferrers diagrams diagram $\lambda$
(i.e. the number of all fillings of $\lambda$ with natural numbers with weakly ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

323 views

### Prove that the sum of a certain infinite series is 1

Prove the (numerically-evident) proposition that
\begin{equation}
\Sigma_{i=0}^\infty f(i) = 1,
\end{equation}
where
\begin{equation}
f(i)= 2^{-4 i-6} q(i) \frac{\Gamma(3 i+\frac{5}{2}) \Gamma(5 ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

213 views

### A counterexample to the Polya-Schur master theorems for half-planes

Given an integer $n\ge 1$ we say that $f\in C[z_1,\ldots,z_n]$ is stable if $f(z_1,\ldots,z_n)\neq 0$ whenever $\text{Im}\ z_i>0$ for all $1\leq i\leq n$.
Stable polynomials with all real ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

460 views

### Integration over the orthogonal group

Let $O(N)$ be the orthogonal group, and $a,b,c\in\mathbb N$. The question is:
$$\int_{O(N)}U_{11}^aU_{22}^bU_{33}^cdU=?$$
This is quite a tricky question:
(1) The first thought would go to ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

413 views

### 2D Ising model partition function expansion

By combinatorial reasons, for 2D toric Ising model of fixed size I need low-temperature expansion for complex temperature, magnetic field, etc. Is there are some references? More precisely, energy of ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

364 views

### Matrix-tree theorem via supersymmetry (i.e. Grassman algebras)

The matrix-tree theorem states the number of spanning trees of a graph $G$ is equal to a modified determinant of the adjacency matrix or "graph Laplacian", $\Delta_G$:
$$\#\{ \text{spanning trees of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

454 views

### Is there a generalization of Schur - Weyl duality and plethysm for direct product of special unitary groups?

Consider the semisimple compact group $K=SU(N_1)\times SU(N_2) \times \ldots \times SU(N_S)$ acting naturally on $\mathcal{H}=\mathcal{H}_1 \otimes \mathcal{H}_2 \otimes \ldots \otimes \mathcal{H}_S$, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Max/min problems related to associahedra or their duals (ions on balls revisited)

Original motivation: This is a follow-up question to and generalization of MO Q78877 on equilibrium configurations of ions on n-Dim balls. Henry Cohn gave an excellent answer dispelling my naive ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

628 views

### Symmetric tensor product of bosonic/fermionic Hilbert space

Consider two representation of the group $SU(n)$: $Sym^k(\mathbb{C}^n)$ and $\wedge^k\mathbb{C}^n$ ($k\leq n$) and take their symmetric tensor products: $Sym^2(Sym^k(\mathbb{C}^n))$, ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

360 views

### Catalan objects associated to a univariate polynomial

Given a monic degree $n$ polynomial $f(z)$ with no double roots, and a phase $0\leq \theta < \pi$, there are natural constructions which associate to this data:
a noncrossing matching on $2n$ ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

393 views

### Equilibrium configurations of ions on n-Dim balls.

Given an n-dimensional electrically neutral, solid metal ball (a point for n=0; a rod, n=1; a disc, n=2; a solid ball, n=3; ...), place N=(n+1)! identical ions on the ball. As one of my favorite ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

393 views

### When can a 3-dimensional triangulation be isometricaly embedded in R^n?

Consider a triangulation of some bounded region of $R^3$ with a (finite) set of tetrahedra (like in Regge calculus). It can be thought of as a simplicial 3-complex with specified lengths of edges. The ...

**27**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### How much linear algebra can be done with graphs?

Let G be a finite directed acyclic graph, with sources $A=\{a_1,\ldots,a_n\}$ and sinks $B=\{b_1,\ldots,b_n\}$, with edge weights $w_{ij}$. The weight of a directed path P is the product of weights of ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Horst Knörrer's Permutation Cancellation Problem

The Problem:
The following question of Horst Knörrer is a sort of toy problem coming from mathematical physics.
Let $x_1, x_2, \dots, x_n$ and $y_1,y_2,\dots, y_n$ be two sets of real numbers.
We ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

739 views

### Does BQP^P = BQP ? … and what proof machinery is available?

Update #3:
Over on TCS StackExchange, I have rated as "accepted" an ingenious construction by Luca Trevisan, which answers a two-part question (as reframed by Tsuyoshi Ito) that is in essence "Do ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Quantum PCP Theorem

Although I think I know the answers to these, I'd just like to collect them all in one place.
What is the quantum PCP theorem, what implications does its proof have for simulation of Hamiltonians and ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

567 views

### Virasoro constraints for the generating function of Hurwitz numbers.

Generating function of the simple Hurwitz numbers is known to be connected with Gromov-Witten potential of the point (Kontsevich $\tau$-function) (see e.g. Ian Goulden, David Jackson and Ravi Vakil). ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

576 views

### What is the right notion of self-dual (two-dimensional) percolation in R^4?

For a lattice in $\mathbb{R}^2$, if we include each edge independently with probability $p$ (i.e. bond percolation), it is well known that there is a critical probability $0 < p_c < 1$ depending ...