Mathematical methods in quantum field theory, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, condensed matter, nuclear and atomic physics.

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Solving matrix equation (AX)^2+(BY)^2=D [on hold]

Is there any method that can solve the matrix equation in such a form (AX)^2+(BY)^2=D? A and B are matrix, X, Y and D are column vectors. (Solve for X and Y) I originally have two equations such as ...
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43 views

Existence of minimizer in Sobolev space $H^{1,2}(\Omega)$ [on hold]

I am looking at a functional $$\frac{\int_{\partial \Omega} u^2 \mathrm{dx}}{ \left(\int_{\Omega} u^q \mathrm{dx} \right)^{2/q} }$$ And i want to know if the minimizer exists in the space ...
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2answers
87 views

Deformation quantization of a closed Riemann surface with genus >1

Quantization of of an elliptic curve can be done in different ways. In C^*-algebraic version, one can start with the C^*-algebra ...
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41 views

identity of equation [on hold]

We have the equation ($\partial_{\mu}\partial_{\nu}$-$\eta_{\mu\nu}\Box$)$\phi=0$, where $\phi$ is a scalar field, $\Box=\partial_{\mu}\partial^{\mu}$ is a standart Dalamber operator, $\eta_{\mu\nu}$ ...
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0answers
47 views

The normalization axiom of a quantization

Guillemin, Ginzburg and Karshon explain a quantization in their book [Chap 6,MR1929136] as follows. The quantization is a process which associates to a symplectic manifold $M$ a Hilbert space ...
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129 views

“extended TQFT” versus “TQFT with defects”

There are two ways in which higher categories appear in topological field theory: in extended TFTs and in TFTs with defects. How are these appearances related? According to the Atiyah-Segal axioms, a ...
7
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112 views

What's the appropriate notion of a Unitary representation of a Lie algebra?

Here Lie algebras/groups are real. The most straightforward definition might be: Def: A representation $\rho:\mathfrak{g} \rightarrow \mathfrak{gl}(V)$ is unitary if $V$ is equipped with a Hermitian ...
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32 views

Self-adjointness of the components of the magnetic derivative

On $L^{2}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ define the operator $\Pi_{j} u := (-i\partial/\partial x_{j} - A_{j})u$, where $A_{j} \in L^{2}_{loc}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ represents the $j$-th component of the magnetic ...
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59 views

Equivalence of ensembles and $\sum_{N=0}^{\infty} \int_{-Bn}^{\infty} 1_{\text{{N>K or u>A}}}(u)e^{-\beta |\lambda_m|(\frac{u}{2}+n)}du $

I am thinking about a step in the proof of the equivalence of ensembles in StatMech on page 25. step from 3.19 to 3.20. It seems to be argued there that for $A$ and $K$ large enough, the term ...
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2answers
96 views

Can any antilinear involution be trivialized by a change of basis?

Consider an antilinear involution, that is an antilinear map on a complex vector space, whose matrix $M$ obeys $MM^*=1$ where the star denotes complex conjugation. Can we find a change of basis whose ...
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1answer
491 views

An Intriguing Tapestry: Number triangles, polytopes, Grassmannians, and scattering amplitudes

$$Prelude \;\;on \;\;Two\;\; Threads$$ Last month the workshop New Geometric Structures in Scatering Amplitudes was hosted by CMI with the following partial overview: Recently, remarkable ...
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156 views

Reference request for a treatment of Schwinger–Dyson equations

Is there a treatment of Schwinger–Dyson equations with no mention of Green's functions? Is there perhaps a purely algebraic analog?
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131 views

A simple question in Hitchin's paper “The Geometry of Three-forms in Six Dimensions”

I am reading Hitchin's beautiful paper "The Geometry of Three-forms in Six Dimensions". Everything goes smooth up to now except for a tiny problem in Section 6.2, which can be formulated as follows. ...
5
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174 views

Noncommutative geometry and line length

I would like to understand, in some formal sense, the relation between the Dirac operator and the line length introduced by Connes in noncommutative geometry. If $D$ is the Dirac operator, he sets $ds ...
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98 views

Dislocations,Disclinations Latices, Displacement fields and scaling

I am looking up Frank, and Burger vectors and associated material on dislocation/disclination. It seems straightforward describing a lattice and what dislocation means. It is even possible to restrict ...
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1answer
119 views

A problem that involves matrix and Lorentz Transformation [closed]

To be clear I address the question in two parts as below. All matrixes involved are real four-dimensional matrixes. $1.$Let $G$ be the matrix $diag(1,-1,-1,-1)$. $A$ is a matrix satisfying $A G ...
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125 views

path integral and index theorem

I actually have an integral which is used to prove Atiyah-Singer index theorem for spin complex in a path integral fashion. The integral I need to evaluate is following (in simplified form) $\int ...
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132 views

Level quantization of 7d $SO(N)$ Chern-Simons action

In 3d, one can write down the $SO(N)$ Chern-Simons action to be $$S(A)=\frac{k}{192\pi}\int_{M}\text{Tr}(A d A +\frac{2}{3}A^3),$$ where $A$ is an $SO(N)$ connection. The level quantization can be ...
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1answer
173 views

Generalizing “variation of parameters”

I'm stuck on generalizing an ODE formula and could use your help! One way to think about "variation of parameters" is that it bakes the solution $z(t)=e^{At}z_0$ of $z'=Az$ (here ...
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1answer
88 views

GOE convergence

As is well-known (at least in some circles), eigenvalue spacing distribution for large symmetric matrices converges as size goes to infinity (see this question for more background). The question is: ...
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79 views

Jackiw-Pi identity

In their paper http://journals.aps.org/prd/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevD.42.3500 (Classical and quantal nonrelativistic Chern-Simons theory) Jackiw and Pi introduced an unusual identity involving ...
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22 views

Optimize the distribution if it is left unsmoothed

I have a question about distribution. Let see my problem The paper said that the distributions p and q are left unsmoothed, so we can ignore Kernel density. But I don't understand what is left ...
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1answer
81 views

What are the formula of representation of quasicrystals and the law or mechanism of the formation [closed]

I vaguely recall that formula of representation of quasicrystals is relevant to tiling plane,and tiling plane without period is relevant to recursiveness, and do not know the mechanism or physics ...
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1answer
200 views

When does a moduli space admit a spin structure?

This is a very vague question. Is there any example of spin structures on a moduli space? References are requested. I have vaguely heard that Witten discussed when a sigma model is spin. Somehow I ...
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2answers
248 views

Anderson localization - an embarassment of riches

I am looking for a good, not too technical discussion of Anderson Localization, and some explanation of why it exists. Googling "Anderson Localization" produces an infinite number of possibilities, ...
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2answers
202 views

Gauge-theoretic formulation of Maxwell equations [duplicate]

Does any one know how to write the Maxwell equations as an equation on a principal $U(1)$-bundle? In Freed & Uhlenbeck's Instantons and Four manifolds, the authors claim that the Maxwell ...
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65 views

First Variation of Dyson Series/Magnus Expansion

Given the matrix differential equation $\frac{dU_t}{dt}=A_t U_t$ there are at least two ways to write a formal solution. Both the Dyson series: $U_t = \mathcal{T} e^{\int_{0}^{t} A_t dt}$ and the ...
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1answer
88 views

2D semilinear elliptic PDE

This is the simplest equation arising from a fascinating (to me) and obscure vector field theory of mathematical physics first developed in 1962, and for which no solutions have ever been found. ...
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212 views

Feynman integrals in algebraic geometry [closed]

In quantum field theory, multi-loop Feynman integrals are basic ingredients of calculating high order corrections. Recently, I have come across the paper A Feynman integral via higher normal ...
5
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86 views

Stationary point processes with arbitrarily slow decorrelation

A point process $P$ (a probability measure on simple, locally finite point configurations $\mathcal{C}$ on $\mathbb{R}$ - I'm restricting to the one-dimensional setting) is stationary when ...
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1answer
190 views

Largest eigenvalue of the sum of hermitian matricies [closed]

Is there an expression for the largest eigenvalue of the sum of two hermitian matricies in terms of the spectrum of the same matricies?
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362 views

Helmholtz equation Poynting vector integral

The Maxwell's equation for harmonic time dependent field in vacuum is \begin{align} \nabla \times B + i\omega E &= 0\\ \nabla \times E - i\omega B &= 0 \\ \nabla \cdot B &= 0 \\ \nabla ...
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95 views

target category of extended field theory

An A-S TFT is a functor from $\text{Bord}_{<n−1,n>}(\mathcal{F})$ to $\text{Vect}$ where $\mathcal{F}$ denotes a set of background fields, eg a spin structure. An extended theory is a functor ...
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1answer
77 views

Minimum of Random Energy Model (REM) with logarithmically correlated potential

In the paper [FB] (ArXiv, J. Phys. A), the authors analyse a particular Random Energy Model (REM) with logarithmically correlated potential and conjecture in Eq. (2) that the distribution function of ...
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1answer
461 views

Learning roadmap to TQFT from a mathematics perspective

I had asked a question on math.stackexchange but did not receive any answers. I hope that this question is appropriate for this website as it is about an advanced subject. Hence I am posting it below. ...
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1answer
130 views

Perturbation theory of eigenvalues - Effects of degeneracy/ multiplicity

In Quantum mechanics Schrödinger's perturbation theory is very important (see Wikipedia) which deals with perturbation of the discrete spectrum of a self-adjoint operator. Where can I find a ...
4
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1answer
195 views

Causal+Imprisonment Condition+Compact Clausure -> Stably Causal?

My question arose after studying the article "John K. Beem: Conformal Changes and Geodesic Completeness". (http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.cmp/1103899983) One of the results there is: Let $(M,g)$ ...
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2answers
438 views

Geodesics on $SU(4)$

Are the geodesics of the following metrics on $SU(4)$ known or easy (in a way not known to me!) to find? In the adjoint representation, one can express the Killing form as a matrix and consider it as ...
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258 views

decomposition of Hilbert space into tensor product $L^2([0,\tfrac{1}{2}]) \otimes L^2([\tfrac{1}{2},1]) \simeq L^2([0,1])$

The definition of entanglement entropy in Quantum Field Theory involves decompositing a Hilbert space into a tensor product $\mathcal{H} = \mathcal{H}_A \otimes \mathcal{H}_B$. As an example, is it ...
2
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1answer
238 views

Reference request for instantons

I've been researching instantons lately and I'd like to learn more about them but would like some help finding what to read. I have read about the ADHM equations and their noncommutative analogues. ...
11
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2answers
533 views

Multiplicative Identity for all elements in SU(n)

Let $\{P_i\}$ be a subset of $SU(n)$ such that for any $U$ in another subset (or perhaps subgroup) $H$ of $SU(n)$: $$P_1UP_2U\cdots P_mU=I$$ where $I$ is the identity element. Is there a sequence ...
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3answers
107 views

graded generalization of the Moyal–Weyl product

Has anyone written about the graded generalization of the Moyal–Weyl product/star product, that is, where the original algebra is already graded? Is it just a matter of signs?
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96 views

First return time in an interval for N particles rotating on the circle at constant random speeds

Here is my problem: draw N velocities $v_1,v_2,\dots,v_n$ in $[-\pi,\pi]^N$ from some measure (Haar measure of uniform independent for simplicity) and make $N$ particles rotate around the circle with ...
2
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0answers
55 views

Implicit/Explicit Time Dependence for Melnikov Functions

My question concerns an article by Koiller and Carvalho found here: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01260390 On page 645, they parameterize the time variable $t$ in terms of one of the ...
2
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78 views

Complex structure on the set of prequantization line bundles

For geometric quantization, the set of equivalence classes of prequantization line bundles of a quantizable symplectic manifold $(M, ω)$ is parametrized by $H^1(M, S^1)$ which represents the ...
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138 views

The Cauchy Problem in General Relativity: Existence of a Hausdorff Development

This is related to a problem that I posed about a year ago. I was given several references by a number of experts who were kind enough to entertain my rather arcane question. Those references were ...
2
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1answer
54 views

Finite differencing scheme for Hamilton's equation with planar linkages

I am trying to simulate the movement of a planar linkage in the plane whose position and momentum obey Hamilton's equations, which is to say that $${{dq}\over{dt}} = {{dH}\over{dp}}$$ and ...
2
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0answers
121 views

Error in trace of operator

Imagine you have a Schroedinger operator $H:=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+V$ with $V \in C[a,b]$ on some compact interval $[a,b]$. The boundary conditions are supposed to be taken in such a way that this ...
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61 views

Do principally polarized abelian varieties enjoy a genus expansion?

This is a vague question from an interested outsider: It is well known that abelian varieties which arise as Jacobian of a curve (or a bit more general as Prym variety) are distinguished by the fact ...
9
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1answer
418 views

Vector bundles, Higgs bundles and the Langlands program

This question is somewhat vaguely structured. But, I hope someone can make it more precise (or) it is indeed possible to answer it in the form that I am stating it.  Background : I recently chanced ...