Mathematical methods in quantum field theory, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, condensed matter, nuclear and atomic physics.

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2
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55 views

“Semiclassical approximation” in random matrix theory

I am reading Planar Diagrams by Brezin, Parisi, Itzykson and Zuber. If you specialize the discussion in section 5 there we seem to derive the eigenvalue distribution of $N \times N$ random Hermitian ...
1
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60 views

translation invariance of the Laughlin wave function

This is a translation into math of the following question, posted on PhysicsOverflow. Let $H:=L^2(\mathbb C)$. For every $N$, let $\psi_N\in\Lambda^N H\cong (L^2(\mathbb C^N))^{S_N}$ be the function ...
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0answers
27 views

Probability of close approach for multivariate normal variables

The following problem comes from a physical model of two groups of particles in three dimensions. I need to know the probability that the two groups of particles approach each other within some ...
-5
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0answers
35 views

Diffusion Equation [closed]

Kindly give me suggestions on my following assignment of Simulations in Fluid Flow: Solve the following differential equation for transport of f(x,y,z,t) by MS Excel ∂f/∂t+Ux ∂f/∂x+Uy ∂f/∂z+Uz ...
6
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174 views

Can one classify irreducible unitary representations of the Weyl algebra?

I saw in this MO post: Is there a machinery describing all the irreducible representations ? that classifying irreducible representations of the Weyl algebra is essentially intractable. My question is ...
8
votes
2answers
263 views

What is the BRST-anti-BRST formalism?

What is the BRST-anti-BRST formalism? Is the Sp(2) doublet the ghost, antighost pair? Introductory accounts of this subject seem to be hard to find. I would appreciate a reference for someone who ...
5
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1answer
357 views

Harmonic Crystal using Random Walk

Me and my advisor were looking for a specific proof of the disorder in $2d$ harmonic crystals. We could not find a paper or a textbook with it, so I thought trying my luck here. Basically, it is a ...
16
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3answers
885 views

How mirror of quintic was originally found?

In the 90-91 pager "A PAIR OF CALABI-YAU MANIFOLDS AS AN EXACTLY SOLUBLE SUPERCONFORMAL THEORY", Candelas, De La Ossal, Green, and Parkes, brought up a family of Calabi-Yau 3-folds, canonically ...
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52 views

Bogomol’nyi’s Formula for the Critical Action

I'm studying Aigner's paper 'Existence of the Ginzburg-Landau Vortex Number' (2001) and I have some difficulties to prove the equality (3.1) , which is ...
3
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0answers
74 views

A technical question in Feix's construction of hyperkahler metric on cotangent bundles

I am now reading Feix's paper Hyperkahler metrics on cotangent bundles and I have a technical question to ask. In his paper, for an analytic Kähler manifold $(X,J,\omega)$, Feix considered its ...
2
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65 views

Nature of separatrix in Fokker--Planck Hamiltonian with two degrees of freedom

Background The semiclassical (weak noise, small $D$) limit of the Fokker--Planck equation $$\frac{\partial P}{\partial t}=D\frac{\partial^2 P}{\partial x^2}-\frac{\partial}{\partial x}(v(x) P)$$ can ...
4
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79 views

Ground State Degeneracy of 2+1D U(1) Chern Simons Theory?

I am a physics graduate student trying to understand more mathematical aspects of gauge theories. How can I understand ground state degeneracy of a simple Chern Simons Theory: 2+1D U(1) $S= \int_M ...
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2answers
116 views

Deformation quantization of a closed Riemann surface with genus >1

Quantization of of an elliptic curve can be done in different ways. In C^*-algebraic version, one can start with the C^*-algebra ...
1
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0answers
63 views

The normalization axiom of a quantization

Guillemin, Ginzburg and Karshon explain a quantization in their book [Chap 6,MR1929136] as follows. The quantization is a process which associates to a symplectic manifold $M$ a Hilbert space ...
9
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176 views

“extended TQFT” versus “TQFT with defects”

There are two ways in which higher categories appear in topological field theory: in extended TFTs and in TFTs with defects. How are these appearances related? According to the Atiyah-Segal axioms, a ...
7
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0answers
126 views

What's the appropriate notion of a Unitary representation of a Lie algebra?

Here Lie algebras/groups are real. The most straightforward definition might be: Def: A representation $\rho:\mathfrak{g} \rightarrow \mathfrak{gl}(V)$ is unitary if $V$ is equipped with a Hermitian ...
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0answers
33 views

Self-adjointness of the components of the magnetic derivative

On $L^{2}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ define the operator $\Pi_{j} u := (-i\partial/\partial x_{j} - A_{j})u$, where $A_{j} \in L^{2}_{loc}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ represents the $j$-th component of the magnetic ...
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63 views

Equivalence of ensembles and $\sum_{N=0}^{\infty} \int_{-Bn}^{\infty} 1_{\text{{N>K or u>A}}}(u)e^{-\beta |\lambda_m|(\frac{u}{2}+n)}du $

I am thinking about a step in the proof of the equivalence of ensembles in StatMech on page 25. step from 3.19 to 3.20. It seems to be argued there that for $A$ and $K$ large enough, the term ...
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2answers
103 views

Can any antilinear involution be trivialized by a change of basis?

Consider an antilinear involution, that is an antilinear map on a complex vector space, whose matrix $M$ obeys $MM^*=1$ where the star denotes complex conjugation. Can we find a change of basis whose ...
3
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3answers
176 views

Reference request for a treatment of Schwinger–Dyson equations

Is there a treatment of Schwinger–Dyson equations with no mention of Green's functions? Is there perhaps a purely algebraic analog?
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0answers
142 views

A simple question in Hitchin's paper “The Geometry of Three-forms in Six Dimensions”

I am reading Hitchin's beautiful paper "The Geometry of Three-forms in Six Dimensions". Everything goes smooth up to now except for a tiny problem in Section 6.2, which can be formulated as follows. ...
5
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177 views

Noncommutative geometry and line length

I would like to understand, in some formal sense, the relation between the Dirac operator and the line length introduced by Connes in noncommutative geometry. If $D$ is the Dirac operator, he sets $ds ...
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0answers
106 views

Dislocations,Disclinations Latices, Displacement fields and scaling

I am looking up Frank, and Burger vectors and associated material on dislocation/disclination. It seems straightforward describing a lattice and what dislocation means. It is even possible to restrict ...
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votes
1answer
126 views

A problem that involves matrix and Lorentz Transformation [closed]

To be clear I address the question in two parts as below. All matrixes involved are real four-dimensional matrixes. $1.$Let $G$ be the matrix $diag(1,-1,-1,-1)$. $A$ is a matrix satisfying $A G ...
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130 views

path integral and index theorem

I actually have an integral which is used to prove Atiyah-Singer index theorem for spin complex in a path integral fashion. The integral I need to evaluate is following (in simplified form) $\int ...
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0answers
140 views

Level quantization of 7d $SO(N)$ Chern-Simons action

In 3d, one can write down the $SO(N)$ Chern-Simons action to be $$S(A)=\frac{k}{192\pi}\int_{M}\text{Tr}(A d A +\frac{2}{3}A^3),$$ where $A$ is an $SO(N)$ connection. The level quantization can be ...
6
votes
1answer
180 views

Generalizing “variation of parameters”

I'm stuck on generalizing an ODE formula and could use your help! One way to think about "variation of parameters" is that it bakes the solution $z(t)=e^{At}z_0$ of $z'=Az$ (here ...
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1answer
94 views

GOE convergence

As is well-known (at least in some circles), eigenvalue spacing distribution for large symmetric matrices converges as size goes to infinity (see this question for more background). The question is: ...
2
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0answers
80 views

Jackiw-Pi identity

In their paper http://journals.aps.org/prd/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevD.42.3500 (Classical and quantal nonrelativistic Chern-Simons theory) Jackiw and Pi introduced an unusual identity involving ...
-2
votes
1answer
86 views

What are the formula of representation of quasicrystals and the law or mechanism of the formation [closed]

I vaguely recall that formula of representation of quasicrystals is relevant to tiling plane,and tiling plane without period is relevant to recursiveness, and do not know the mechanism or physics ...
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1answer
205 views

When does a moduli space admit a spin structure?

This is a very vague question. Is there any example of spin structures on a moduli space? References are requested. I have vaguely heard that Witten discussed when a sigma model is spin. Somehow I ...
6
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3answers
337 views

Anderson localization - an embarassment of riches

I am looking for a good, not too technical discussion of Anderson Localization, and some explanation of why it exists. Googling "Anderson Localization" produces an infinite number of possibilities, ...
2
votes
2answers
222 views

Gauge-theoretic formulation of Maxwell equations [duplicate]

Does any one know how to write the Maxwell equations as an equation on a principal $U(1)$-bundle? In Freed & Uhlenbeck's Instantons and Four manifolds, the authors claim that the Maxwell ...
2
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0answers
77 views

First Variation of Dyson Series/Magnus Expansion

Given the matrix differential equation $\frac{dU_t}{dt}=A_t U_t$ there are at least two ways to write a formal solution. Both the Dyson series: $U_t = \mathcal{T} e^{\int_{0}^{t} A_t dt}$ and the ...
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1answer
90 views

2D semilinear elliptic PDE

This is the simplest equation arising from a fascinating (to me) and obscure vector field theory of mathematical physics first developed in 1962, and for which no solutions have ever been found. ...
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0answers
223 views

Feynman integrals in algebraic geometry [closed]

In quantum field theory, multi-loop Feynman integrals are basic ingredients of calculating high order corrections. Recently, I have come across the paper A Feynman integral via higher normal ...
5
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0answers
95 views

Stationary point processes with arbitrarily slow decorrelation

A point process $P$ (a probability measure on simple, locally finite point configurations $\mathcal{C}$ on $\mathbb{R}$ - I'm restricting to the one-dimensional setting) is stationary when ...
0
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1answer
226 views

Largest eigenvalue of the sum of hermitian matricies [closed]

Is there an expression for the largest eigenvalue of the sum of two hermitian matricies in terms of the spectrum of the same matricies?
3
votes
1answer
385 views

Helmholtz equation Poynting vector integral

The Maxwell's equation for harmonic time dependent field in vacuum is \begin{align} \nabla \times B + i\omega E &= 0\\ \nabla \times E - i\omega B &= 0 \\ \nabla \cdot B &= 0 \\ \nabla ...
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0answers
97 views

target category of extended field theory

An A-S TFT is a functor from $\text{Bord}_{<n−1,n>}(\mathcal{F})$ to $\text{Vect}$ where $\mathcal{F}$ denotes a set of background fields, eg a spin structure. An extended theory is a functor ...
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vote
1answer
79 views

Minimum of Random Energy Model (REM) with logarithmically correlated potential

In the paper [FB] (ArXiv, J. Phys. A), the authors analyse a particular Random Energy Model (REM) with logarithmically correlated potential and conjecture in Eq. (2) that the distribution function of ...
7
votes
1answer
496 views

Learning roadmap to TQFT from a mathematics perspective

I had asked a question on math.stackexchange but did not receive any answers. I hope that this question is appropriate for this website as it is about an advanced subject. Hence I am posting it below. ...
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vote
1answer
146 views

Perturbation theory of eigenvalues - Effects of degeneracy/ multiplicity

In Quantum mechanics Schrödinger's perturbation theory is very important (see Wikipedia) which deals with perturbation of the discrete spectrum of a self-adjoint operator. Where can I find a ...
4
votes
1answer
197 views

Causal+Imprisonment Condition+Compact Clausure -> Stably Causal?

My question arose after studying the article "John K. Beem: Conformal Changes and Geodesic Completeness". (http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.cmp/1103899983) One of the results there is: Let $(M,g)$ ...
10
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2answers
445 views

Geodesics on $SU(4)$

Are the geodesics of the following metrics on $SU(4)$ known or easy (in a way not known to me!) to find? In the adjoint representation, one can express the Killing form as a matrix and consider it as ...
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2answers
277 views

decomposition of Hilbert space into tensor product $L^2([0,\tfrac{1}{2}]) \otimes L^2([\tfrac{1}{2},1]) \simeq L^2([0,1])$

The definition of entanglement entropy in Quantum Field Theory involves decompositing a Hilbert space into a tensor product $\mathcal{H} = \mathcal{H}_A \otimes \mathcal{H}_B$. As an example, is it ...
2
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1answer
251 views

Reference request for instantons

I've been researching instantons lately and I'd like to learn more about them but would like some help finding what to read. I have read about the ADHM equations and their noncommutative analogues. ...
11
votes
2answers
535 views

Multiplicative Identity for all elements in SU(n)

Let $\{P_i\}$ be a subset of $SU(n)$ such that for any $U$ in another subset (or perhaps subgroup) $H$ of $SU(n)$: $$P_1UP_2U\cdots P_mU=I$$ where $I$ is the identity element. Is there a sequence ...
5
votes
3answers
113 views

graded generalization of the Moyal–Weyl product

Has anyone written about the graded generalization of the Moyal–Weyl product/star product, that is, where the original algebra is already graded? Is it just a matter of signs?
4
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0answers
98 views

First return time in an interval for N particles rotating on the circle at constant random speeds

Here is my problem: draw N velocities $v_1,v_2,\dots,v_n$ in $[-\pi,\pi]^N$ from some measure (Haar measure of uniform independent for simplicity) and make $N$ particles rotate around the circle with ...