Mathematical methods in quantum field theory, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, condensed matter, nuclear and atomic physics.

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38 views

Measure generated by Semigroup $\exp[-t|p|]$

I am studying Ingrid Daubechies' paper 'An Uncertainty Principle for Fermions with Generalized Kinetic Energy'. On page 514, the measure $\mu_{x,y;t}$ is introduced as generated by the semigroup ...
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17 views

How can one use stability analaysis of finite differences methods in linear Schrodinger to the NLS?

Specifically, I've seen a lot of analysis of grid stability for solving Linear Schrodinger with Forward Euler, Backward Euler and Crank-Nicolson. However, most of the usages I've seen for the same ...
0
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0answers
25 views

Time decay for Hartree equation with Coulomb potential

Are there any time-decay results for the solution of the Hartree equation \begin{equation}\frac{1}{i}\partial_t\phi-\Delta\phi=-(|x|^{-1}\ast|\phi|^2)\phi,\quad x\in\mathbb{R}^3\end{equation} in ...
5
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1answer
204 views

Can eta invariant be written in terms of topological data?

The eta invariant was introduced by Atiyah, Patodi, and Singer. It roughly measures the asymmetry of the spectrum of a self-adjoint elliptic operator with respect to the origin. In ...
3
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1answer
146 views

What are the modular transformation properties of q-Pochhammer symbols?

Do q-Pochhammer symbols, defined as $(a;q) = \prod_{k=0}^{\infty} (1- a q^k)$ have known modular transformation properties? That is, if we write $q = q[z] = e^{2\pi i z}$, is there any reasonably ...
16
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3answers
687 views

What is Chern-Simons theory expected to assign to a point?

Let $G$ be a compact, connected, (simply connected?) Lie group and let $k \in H^4(BG, \mathbb{Z})$ be a cohomology class. Witten showed, at a physical level of rigor, that this data determines a ...
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1answer
55 views

Solving Bessel-like equation by using Bessel Kernel [closed]

Consider the drifted-Bessel equation as follows. \begin{equation} x^2\ddot y + x\dot y + (x^2-n^2)y=f, \end{equation} where $n$ is an integer and $f$ is a known function. If $f\equiv 0$, the solution ...
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6answers
950 views

Algebraic Geometry for non-mathematician [closed]

I think I sound stupid but I have heard a lot about Algebraic Geometry as a subject and wish to study it without actually studying abstract algebra. I have never studied abstract algebra since I am a ...
2
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1answer
156 views

Existence of Minimizer of $h(\rho) = c \|\rho\|_{3} - \int_{\mathbb R^3} \, dx \frac{\rho(x)}{|x|} $

given the following functional $h(\rho) = c \|\rho\|_{3} - \int_{\mathbb R^3} \, dx \frac{\rho(x)}{|x|} $ with $\rho>0$ , $\|\rho\|_1 = 1$ and obviously $\rho\in L^1(\mathbb R^3)$. Can I see ...
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1answer
67 views

Spectrum of an angular-momentum related operator

Could someone please give me a reference for the eigenvalues and eigenstates of operators related to the angular momentum of a spinless, non-relativistic 2-D quantum particle? In particular, I'm ...
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80 views

Chain-complex and Co-chain-complex valued Topological Quantum field theories

My research has led to me considering chain-complex and co-chain-complex valued topological quantum field theories. However, I am unable to find any literature that extensively studies this. Is there ...
5
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1answer
251 views

What are some geometric / physical / probabilistic interpretations of the Riemann zeta function at integer arguments n ≤ 1?

Introduction: This is slightly edited and generalised version of a question I asked on the Physics Stack Exchange website. This question has a twin brother asked here on MO, only now we consider ...
11
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1answer
303 views

Geometric Quantization

I'm curious about geometric quantization. Of course, I know the procedure: Start with a classical phase space $T^{*}X$, $X$ is the configuration space, then do prequantization by creating a ...
5
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0answers
81 views

Does the notion of a “coherent state” exist in TQFTs? (ETQFTs?)

In the quantum harmonic oscillator, there exists a family of states called coherent states which form an overcomplete set of states. They are regarded as "the states most resembling classical states", ...
1
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286 views

Presence of singular points in the trajectory of a double pendulum

Watching the trajectory of a double pendulum, I caught myself wondering if it would be possible to prove that the path the second pendulum makes contains "cusps" or singular points. Upon investigating ...
5
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0answers
67 views

Short examples that are/are not quantum-ergodic

Are there any considerably short examples of manifolds that are/aren't quantum ergodic, or quantum unique ergodic? Note that a (compact) Riemannian manifold is said to be quantum ergodic if ...
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1answer
163 views

How to classify continuous/differentiable maps from $T^2$ to $U(N)$?

I read a physics paper, of which the main idea is based on the topological classification of maps from 3-torus to the space of $N\times N$ unitary matrices. To quote their equation (4), which gives a ...
3
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1answer
202 views

Do cyclic product vectors generatating irreducible representation of a Lie group come from a unique orbit?

Consider a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$ which is a carrier space of a unitary, irreducible and strongly continuous representation $\Pi$ of a Lie group $G$. Let $\Pi\otimes \Pi$ denote the corresponding ...
4
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2answers
140 views

Lagrangians with the same extremal curves

It is well know that (in the sense having the same image not parametrization) the extremal curves of the energy functional on a Riemanian manifold $(M,g)$: $E[\gamma(t)] = \int ...
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1answer
231 views

A question about complex polarization

Let $M$ be a symplectic manifold, Then a subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex polarization if $P$ is Lagrangian P involutive dim$P\cap\bar P ...
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0answers
80 views

How can the interersection number of $2$ $D6$ branes wrapping around a CY manifold be derived?

For two intersecting $D6$ branes $a$ and $b$ wrapped around a $6$ dimensional torus $T^6 = T^2 \times T^2 \times T^2$ specified by $$ \textrm{D6-brane a:}\, (l_1^a,l_2^a,l_3^a) $$ $$ ...
4
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1answer
144 views

Lieb: Stability of matter, problem with variational method

I am trying to recalculate 'Stability of Matter' Paper from Lieb. I have a problem at the last step of the proof at page 3, where Lieb calculates the minimizer. I will explain my ideas and my problem ...
3
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52 views

Closed form for 3j-symbol ratios

I am working on the spherical harmonic decomposition of cosmic microwave background maps, therefore I often deal with functions that are proportional to Wigner 3J symbols/Clebsch–Gordan ...
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63 views

What are the differences and relations between R matrices solutions of Quantum Yang-Baxter equations and set-theoretical solutions of QYBE?

What are the differences and relations between R matrices solutions of Quantum Yang-Baxter equations and set-theoretical solutions of QYBE? Is it possible to write set-theoretical solutions of Quantum ...
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190 views

Sum over a product of binomial coefficients related to a collision problem

I am working on a certain collision problem. The probability of forming $j$ particles upon collision of $m$ and $n$ particles is given by the following equation: ...
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58 views

range of the difference-of-two-qubit-$4 \times 4$-density-matrix-determinants

The determinant of a two-qubit $4 \times 4$ density matrix--that is, a Hermitian, nonnegative definite matrix with unit trace--lies between $0$ and $(\frac{1}{2})^8$. (A "pure state" has determinant ...
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1answer
81 views

Stokes-Einstein rotational diffusion and vector orientation time

The Stokes-Einstein rotational diffusion relation tells us that we can write down a rotational diffusion coefficient for a sphere as: $D_r \approx \frac{k_B T}{\zeta_f} \approx \frac{k_B T}{(8 \pi ...
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1answer
126 views

Does this Mean Value have a Name?

Question: does the following mean value have a name? $$v^*=\sqrt{\frac{\sum_{i=1}^{n}\alpha_iv_i^2}{\sum_{i=1}^{n}\alpha_i}}, \alpha_i\in\mathbb{R}^+$$ where the $v_i$ are individual speed limits ...
3
votes
1answer
209 views

Electromagnetic duality symmetry

This question arose while reading http://prd.aps.org/abstract/PRD/v13/i6/p1592_1 (Duality transformations of Abelian and non-Abelian gauge fields, by Stanley Deser and Claudio Teitelboim). It is well ...
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5answers
420 views

How to characterize Dirac's gamma matrices in differential geometry?

I want to understand what is the interpretation of Dirac gamma matrices in differential geometry. Basically, I am considering the Dirac matrices as 3-indexed tensors, which means a tensor with 1 ...
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1answer
139 views

How to obtain the Period matrix from the Igusa Invariants of a genus two curve?

I am looking for an algorithm to obtain the period matrix tau= (tau1 & tau12\ tau12 & tau2) from the Igusa invariants of a genus two curve. More precisely: I consider a family of genus two ...
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170 views

quantization for integral coadjoint orbits

I am looking for a referrence for proof of following statement. Let $G$ be a semi-simple Lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ be its Lie algebra and $\alpha_k$ be simple roots of $\mathfrak{g}$ and $\mu_0$ ...
3
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0answers
98 views

Physical relevance of either fundamental identity generalizing Jacobi [closed]

There are two fundamental identities for n-ary generalizations of the Jacobi identity. One fundamental identity is right for Nambu mechanics and such, the other for L_\infty algebras as in CSFT. Which ...
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1answer
188 views

Large vs Small Gauge transformations and Physical theories

I can't decipher the difference between large and small gauge transformations especially in its applications in physics.If perhaps one can engineer a simple physical theory that has such a ...
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32 views

Gordon Lemma for Jacobi operators

The Gordon lemma is a useful tool in the theory of 1-D discrete time-independent Schrödinger operators that exploits local repetition in the potential to prove absence of point spectrum. Has anyone ...
10
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3answers
388 views

Resource for learning quantum mechanics from the viewpoint of representation theory

Quantum mechanics is deeply connected with representation theory. Therefore, I'm looking for a textbook or article which presents quantum mechanics in a representation theoretic manner. Could anyone ...
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0answers
157 views

Contour integral (inverse Laplace transform) with arctan

I have what I think is a relatively simple contour integral involving arctan, but it is giving me difficulty. I would really appreciate any help. The integral itself is, with $\tau$, $\lambda$, and ...
12
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4answers
746 views

What properties of knots lead Lord Kelvin to hypothesize that atoms were knots in the ether?

I've often heard that Lord Kelvin was one of the first people to study knot theory, as he hypothesized that atoms were knots in the ether. I assume that he had some compelling evidence for this fact. ...
8
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3answers
353 views

References request: constructive quantum field theory

I am taking a course this semester on QFT, which deals much with constructive quantum field theory. Some of its topics so far involve relationships between non-Gaussian probability measures,Feynman ...
5
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0answers
216 views

Curvature as infinitesimal holonomy

Let $P \to M$ be a principal $G$-bundle, assume as much regularity as you want (compact $G$ or compact base manifold, ect). Via parallel transport, a connection $A$ on $P$ gives rise to the holonomy ...
7
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2answers
356 views

Kummer's quartic surface and the Dirac operator

The picture shows 1936 photograph by Man Ray of a Kummer surface plaster model in the collection of the Institute Henri Poincare (from Mathematics, Art and Science of the Pseudosphere by Kenneth ...
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106 views

When the leaves of a distribution are compact

Let $(M,\omega)$, be a symplectic manifolds. A subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex polarization if $P$ is Lagrangian P involutive ...
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0answers
195 views

What is the characteristic functional for Brownian motion on a sphere?

I'm a physicist, somewhat familiar with stochastic processes, but I'm a little unsure of what follows. What I basically have is a complicated quantity involving a vector that is equivalent to ...
5
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1answer
803 views

Mathematical study of Mpemba effect?

It has been known since the days of Aristotle and Descartes that under certain circumstances warm water freezes faster than cold water. This effect is now commonly known as the Mpemba effect, named ...
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0answers
137 views

Metalinear frame bundle on sphere or $\mathbb{C}P^n$

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold. A complex metalinear frame bundle $\tilde F(P)\to M$ of a rank $n$ complex vector bundle $P\to M$ is a principal $ML(n,\mathbb{C})$-bundle together with a covering map ...
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105 views

RG flow and Ricci flow

It looks like the Laplace operator in the nonlinear sigma model (say the Polyakov action) is different from the Laplace-Beltrami operator, how can one get the Ricci flow as a low order approximation ...
0
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1answer
153 views

An example for the case tht if the leaves of polarization be non-compact then the polarized sections are not square integrable

Let $(M,\omega)$, be a symplectic manifolds. A subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex polarization if $P$ is Lagrangian P involutive ...
2
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1answer
229 views

Expected value of $(1 - X)^{-2} $ over Haar measure of the unitary group, $X \in U(N)$

Let $\lambda_1, \dots, \lambda_n$ be the eigenvalues of a random Unitary matrix. I am interested in the expected value: $$\mathbb{E}_{X \in U(N)}\left[ \prod_{i=1}^n \frac{1}{(1 - ...
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1answer
268 views

The space of holomorphic sections are finite dimensional?

I start my question with a definition and some motivation. Let $M$ be a symplectic manifold. A subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

An example to show that when $P$ is a complex polarization the subbundle $P+ \bar P$ is not necessarly involutive

I start my question with some motivation. A subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex polarization if $P$ is Lagrangian P involutive dim$P\cap\bar ...