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9
votes
3answers
1k views

Are there “motivic” proofs of Weil conjectures in special cases?

This is a question meant as a first step to get into reading more on Weil conjectures and standard conjectures. It is known that the standard conjectures on vanishing of cycles would imply the Weil ...
22
votes
3answers
1k views

t-structures and higher categories?

I'm curious to find out where the viewpoint of higher categories may be useful so here is a somewhat vague question (which may or may not have a reasonable answer). Given a triangulated category, one ...
13
votes
1answer
3k views

Deligne's proof of Ramanujan's conjecture

I am trying to understand Deligne's proof of the Ramanujan conjecture and more generally how one associates geometric objects (ultimately, motives) to modular forms. As the first step, which I ...
17
votes
8answers
3k views

What is the proper initiation to the theory of motives for a new student of algebraic geometry?

A preliminary apology is in order: I realize that most of my contributions to this site are in the form of reference requests. I understand that this makes it seem as though I do nothing more than sit ...
14
votes
2answers
974 views

Unipotency in realisations of the motivic fundamental group

Deligne, in his 1987 paper on the fundamental group of $\mathbb{P}^1 \setminus \{0,1,\infty\}$ (in "Galois Groups over $\mathbb{Q}$"), defines a system of realisations for a motivic fundamental group. ...
3
votes
0answers
573 views

Gauss--Manin connection for de Rham realisation

Let $X$ and $S$ be smooth schemes of finite type over a field $k$ and let $\pi:X\to S$ be a smooth morphism of finite type. The relative de Rham cohomology $H^i_{dR}(X/S)$ of $X$ over $S$ is a ...
7
votes
0answers
1k views

What are “fractional motives”?

Kirti Joshi's musings mention "fractional motives". Do you know what are they good for and what the current state of constructions is for them? Edit: Further cases of "fractional motives" as ...
10
votes
0answers
890 views

Are there analogues of Beilinson's conjectures for motives with coefficients?

There's a body of wisdom (following Beilinson, Bloch, Deligne, ...) relating mixed Tate motives, motivic cohomology, algebraic K-theory, special values of L-functions, and polylogarithms. My ...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

What do you lose when passing to the motive?

I contemplated about what information about a scheme we lose when passing to its motive. I came up with the following examples: The projective bundle of a vector bundle does only depend on the rank ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

Why does one invert $G_m$ in the construction of the motivic stable homotopy category?

Morel and Voevodsky construct the motivic stable homotopy category, a category through which all cohomology theories factor and where they are representable, by starting with a category of schemes, ...
22
votes
4answers
1k views

Understanding the definition of the Lefschetz (pure effective) motive

For all those who are unlikely to have answers to my questions, I provide some Background: In some sense, pure motives are generalisations of smooth projective varieties. Every Weil cohomology ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does the Gamma function satisfy a functional equation?

In question #7656, Peter Arndt asked why the Gamma function completes the Riemann zeta function in the sense that it makes the functional equation easy to write down. Several of the answers were from ...
15
votes
1answer
838 views

constants in Gamma factors in functional equation for zeta functions.

Usually the Riemann zeta function $\zeta(s)$ gets multiplied by a "gamma factor" to give a function $\xi(s)$ satisfying a functional equation $\xi(s)=\xi(1-s)$. If I changed this gamma factor by a ...
8
votes
2answers
968 views

Artin motives, References for.

I find the following description of Artin motives in Wikipedia. Since these seem to be quite related to number theory, I am interested to learn more in that context. I request the experts available in ...
23
votes
4answers
2k views

difference between equivalence relations on algebraic cycles

For the definitions of the equivalence relations on algebraic cycles see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adequate_equivalence_relation. I want to know how far away from each other the equivalence ...
4
votes
1answer
393 views

Is the scalar extension functor for Chow motives conservative?

Denote $CHM(F)$ to be the category of Chow motives over a field $F$. Let's consider an algebraic exension $E/F$, then there is a natural extension of scalars functor $CHM(F) \to CHM(E)$. I was ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

Kunneth formula for motivic cohomology

I was wondering when the Kunneth formula holds for motivic cohomology: $$ H^p(X,A(\alpha)) = \bigoplus_{i+j=p;\beta+\gamma = \alpha} H^j(X,A(\beta)) \otimes H^i(X,A(\gamma)) $$ where ...
6
votes
2answers
550 views

Néron theory for motives of arbitrary weight

SGA 7, tome 1, exp. IX, contains in its introduction and in section 13.4 remarks about ideas and conjectures of Deligne on a “théorie de Néron pour motifs de poids quelconque”. Would someone please ...
59
votes
7answers
5k views

What is the field with one element?

I've heard of this many times, but I don't know anything about it. What I do know is that it is supposed to solve the problem of the fact that the final object in the category of schemes is ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

ubiquitous quantum cohomology

Manin stressed that every projective scheme should have a quantum-cohomology structure. I'd like to know more about that. And since the varieties considered in texts about monodromy resp. vanishing ...
45
votes
3answers
6k views

What's the “Yoga of Motives”?

There are some things about geometry that show why a motivic viewpoint is deep and important. A good indication is that Grothendieck and others had to invent some important and new ...
5
votes
3answers
512 views

Solving “a, b, a+b have given divisors” problem

I've read an interesting article, math.NT/0409456 where you're just trying to solve a simple problem: For a given (finite) set of primes S find all solutions to an equation ...
8
votes
0answers
613 views

Kato's log motives

What are they and what are their intended uses? Does anyone have notes/slides of this talk? I am curious about "log motives" because there seems to exist a "log motivic yoga" among experts in ...
18
votes
4answers
1k views

Spectrum of the Grothendieck ring of varieties

Here's a problem that may ultimately require just simple algebraic-geometry skills to be solved, or perhaps it's very deep and will never be solved at all. From the comments, some literature and my ...