# Tagged Questions

In differential topology, Morse theory enables one to analyze the topology of a manifold by studying differentiable functions on that manifold.

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### Can a Morse function define a unique structure on a closed manifold?

I was thinking about the doubt that if $M$ and $N$ are closed manifold and if there exists two Morse function $f$ and $g$ respectively on $M$ and $N$ with the following property that they both have ...
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### Generalizations of the handle trading techniques

As Theorem 8.1 in "Lectures on the h-cobordism theorem (written by J.Milnor)" show, we can choose a handle decomposition of cobordism (satisfying some connectivity and dimensional assumptions) with no ...
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### Number of critical points of a smooth function

Are there any examples of closed manifolds with the property that the minimal number of critical points (possibly degenerate) of a smooth function on this manifold is strictly bigger than the stable ...
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### Morse function on slicing disk complement determines ribbon?

It is well-known that given a ribbon knot and the corresponding slicing disk in the 4-ball, the distance function (maybe squared) to the origin defines a Morse function in the complement of the ...
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### Regular CW complex arising from a Morse decomposition

Suppose $(M,g)$ is a Riemannian manifold equipped with a Morse function $f: M \rightarrow \mathbb R$. It's been shown that $f$ gives rise to a CW decomposition homeomorphic to $M$ under the generic ...
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### Height function on 2-torus with only 3 critical points

It is well-known that a Morse function on $T^2$ has at least $4$ critical points, but also that there exist functions $f\colon T^2\to\mathbb R$ with only 3 critical points (the least possible number ...
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### Bott-Samelson construction of a perfect Morse function on G/T

An undergraduate student of mine is interested in writing a "senior" thesis on the topology of Lie groups. Let $G$ be a simply connected compact Lie group and $T$ a maximal torus. One way of ...
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### Convergence of local stable manifolds

This question is a kind of local version of a previous post (MO224171). Let $\ f_n \$ be a sequence of Morse functions on $\mathbb{R}^d$, converging, in the $C^\infty$-topology, to a limit Morse ...
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### Stable manifolds of a sequence of Morse functions

Let $\ f_n \$ be a sequence of Morse functions on $\mathbb{R}^d$, adequately converging (in the $C^2$-topology, say) to a limit Morse function $\ f$: $$f_n \to f \ .$$ At any critical point $\ p\$...
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### Is Hessian operator self-adjoint on infinite dimensional environment?

As we know the Hessian matrix is symmetric in a finite-dimensional environment. What about the Hessian operator $D^2F$ for a functional $F:H\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, where $H$ is a Hilbert space and $D$...
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### Smooth morse theory of Riemannian distance functions

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, and $p\in M$. As $R>0$ increases, the topology of the ball $B(p,R)$ changes, but the changes happen only at a Lebesgue measure zero set of $R$. For instance, ...
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### Parametric Sard-Smale theorem - when is the generic set open?

I am learning Morse/Floer Theory and in my work on my master's thesis I want to apply the parametric Sard-Smale theorem. I.e. I consider a Banach bundle $\mathcal{L} \to \mathcal{M}\times \mathcal{G}$ ...
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### Perturbation of a Fredholm sections which preserves compactness of 0-set

I am learning Morse-Bott-Floer theory and found the following cool paper http://de.arxiv.org/abs/1310.5080 by P. Albers and D Hein. In order to prove a cup-length estimate on the number of critical ...
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### Is there any topological information encoded by the zero locus of a complex Hessian?

On a Kahler manifold one can always find a function $K$ so that (up to some constant) the Kahler form $\omega$ can be written as $\omega = \partial \bar{\partial}K$ (sometimes, under conditions that I ...
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### Perturb a given smooth function to a Morse function relative to fixed level sets, which are already fine

This question was not answered on math.stackexchange. Let $M$ be a manifold (not necessarily compact) , for the sake of clearness embedded in $\mathbb{R^n}$ and $f\colon M\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ a ...
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### Morse index in variational calculus

Let $f(t,x,v)$ be a smooth function on $\mathbb{R}\times \mathbb{R}^n\times \mathbb{R}^n$, $\mathcal{C}_{x,y}$ be the set of smooth paths $c:[0,1]\to \mathbb{R}^n$ with $c(0)=x,c(1)=y$, $E(c)$ be a ...
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### How does a level set look like when the minimum point of a function degenerate?

I apologize in advance if this question is well-known. I would like to know an explicit example of a compact, connected manifold $M$ and a smooth function $f: M \to\mathbb{R}$ which satisfy the ...
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### Morse number of the Poincaré homology sphere

What is the Morse number of the Poincaré homology sphere? What about the stable Morse number?
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### Why not develop a Hamiltonian-based Morse theory?

I have begun to learn the basics of Morse theory and Floer homology. I understand that Floer homology is the natural theory for symplectic manifolds, but from my preliminary knowledge of Morse theory ...
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### Is there a holomorphic Morse-Bott lemma?

It asks for a generalization of the question in the post Normal form for a holomorphic Morse function Suppose $f$ is a holomorphic function on a complex manifold $M$ which has Bott type critical ...
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### Has Witten's perturbation on de Rham complex been studied on other elliptic complexes?

In his famous work, Supersymmetry and Morse theory, Witten perturbs de Rham complex by perturbing the exterior derivative $$d_h=e^{-ht}de^{ht}.$$ And he proves Morse inequality using some spectral ...