# Tagged Questions

**2**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### Pseudovarieties of monoids

All (pseudo)varieties considered here are (pseudo)varieties of monoids.
It is known that any (finite or infinite) monoid that satisfies the identities
\begin{equation}
xhxyty = xhyxty, \quad ...

**1**

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**0**answers

128 views

### Standard name for a Monoid/Semigroup with $a+b \leq a, b$?

I have seen suplattice and inflattice being used when dealing with a lattice. What about when you don't have a lattice?
For instance, for reals $a,b > 0$, define $$a \oplus b = ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### Is the monoid of taking iterated images and inverse images freely generated by the image and inverse image operation?

Let $\mathcal{F}$ denote the class of all functions. Let $U,L:\mathcal{F}\rightarrow\mathcal{F}$ denote the mappings where if $f:X\rightarrow Y$, then $U(f):P(X)\rightarrow P(Y),L(f):P(Y)\rightarrow ...

**2**

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**0**answers

97 views

### Orbit-Stabilizer theorem for continuous groups

The orbit-stabilizer relationship (also known as the orbit-stabilizer theorem) is very clear for finite groups. Is there an equivalent relation for continuous groups?
Also, is there a similar notion ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

158 views

### Embedding a linearly ordered free monoid into a linearly ordered group

A linearly ordered (shortly, l.o.) monoid is a triple $\mathbb M = (M, \cdot, \le)$ for which $(M, \cdot)$ is a (multiplicatively written) monoid and $\le$ is a total order on $M$ such that $xy < ...

**3**

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**0**answers

125 views

### Correspondence between numerical semigroups and polynomials?

A numerical semigroup $A$ is defined as a subsemigroup of the semigroup $(\mathbb{N},+)$ of the positive integers such that the set $\mathbb{N}\setminus A$ is finite. Equivalently (for a subsemigroup) ...

**3**

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**0**answers

127 views

### What is the combinatorial data classifying non-normal affine toric varieties?

Recall that a toric variety is a variety $V$ containing an open dense algebraic torus. Here an algebraic torus means a finite product of copies of the multiplicative group of the ground field (which I ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

170 views

### Locally finite varieties which are not finitely generated

Let $\Sigma$ be a signature consisting of operations with finite arity. Let $\mathcal{V}$ be a variety of algebras for this signature. Further suppose that $\mathcal{V}$ is locally finite i.e. every ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

93 views

### Maximal sub-inverse semigroups of $M_n(\mathbb{C})$ and $M_n(F_p)$

An inverse semigroup $S$ is a semigroup in which every element $x \in S$ has a unique inverse $y \in S$ such that $x = xyx$ and $y = yxy$. Are there some references characterizing the maximal ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Progress on group languages characterizations

Def. A group language is a recognizable language whose syntactic monoid is a group.
q1. Is it known a "nice" combinatorial characterization of group languages ?
q1.1. If no, is it well understood ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

290 views

### How many idempotent relations are there on an $n$-element set?

As far as I know, it is an open problem to give a formula counting transitive relations on an $n$-element set. Is it easier to count the idempotent relations, that is relations that are both ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

296 views

### Is there a general result that theorems about finite structures proved in ZFC can be proved in ZF?

The title question is too vague so let me be specific.
Much of modern finite semigroup theory uses profinite semigroups and properties of profinite semigroups that depend on the existence of prime ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

237 views

### Is there a homological way to compute quiver presentations?

I have recently been studying with colleagues the representation theory of certain finite monoids that come up in probability theory and combinatorics, see Ken Brown's beautiful survey here.
These ...

**19**

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**2**answers

591 views

### Mapping from a finite index subgroup onto the whole group

Dear All,
here is the question:
Does there exist a finitely generated group $G$ with a proper subgroup $H$ of finite index, and an (onto) homomorphism $\phi:G\to G$ such that $\phi(H)=G$?
My guess ...

**4**

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**0**answers

214 views

### What is the pro-algebraic completion of the free semigroup on one generator?

This question is motivated by an attempt to understand what is going on in Tom's post from a certain point of view.
Let $\mathbb N^+$ be the free semigroup on one generator (so the positive natural ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

227 views

### submonoid of a matrix monoid with a common eigenvector

Hello,
I am considering two real invertible $3\times 3$ matrices $A$ and $B$ and a nonzero vector $v\in\mathbb{R}^3$ and i am wondering if the submonoid $E$ of the monoid $(A,B)$ genererated by $A$ ...

**1**

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**1**answer

184 views

### The intersection of Block Groups and R-trivial (finite) monoids

Let $\textbf{BG}$ be the pseudovariety of block groups, also known as $\textbf{EJ}, \textbf{PG},\ldots,\text{etc.}$(see [1]), and let $\textbf{R}$ be the pseudovariety of R-trivial monoids, by the ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

474 views

### Do all finitely generated nilpotent semigroups have polynomial growth?

The notion of nilpotency passes nicely from groups to semigroups. Define $q_1(x,y)=xy$ and $$q_{i+1}(x,y,z_1,\cdots,z_i)=q_i(x,y,z_1,\cdots,z_{i-1})z_iq_i(y,x,z_1,\cdots,z_{i-1})$$ inductively for all ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Small set of acts over a countable monoid?

Given a countable monoid $S$, is the set of all (isomorphic representatives of) $S$-acts a small set?

**14**

votes

**12**answers

2k views

### Why semigroups could be important?

There is known a lot about the use of groups -- they just really appear a lot, and appear naturally. Is there any known nice use of semigroups in Maths to sort of prove they are indeed important in ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

477 views

### The concept “conjugate class” in monoids.

Is there any concept in monoids that is similar to the concept "conjugate class" in groups? For example, are there any such similar concept in symmetric inverse monoids? Thank you very much.

**4**

votes

**2**answers

344 views

### Membership problem in monoids

What is the simplest example of a monoid with undecidable membership problem? In other words, I'm looking for a concrete monoid $S$ such that there is no algorithm which takes elements $s_1,...,s_n$ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

322 views

### Representations of products of groups (and monoids)

I have very little knowledge of representation theory, but the following has come up in my summer undergrad research project (relates to conformal field theory and geometric function theory).
Suppose ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

306 views

### What is the relation between the number syntactic congruence classes, and the number of Nerode relation classes?

For a monoid $M$ and a subset $S$ of $M$, define the syntactic congruence $\equiv_S$ of $S$ as the least congruence on $M$ that saturates $S$, i.e. :
$$u \equiv_S v \Leftrightarrow (\forall x, y)[xuy ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

229 views

### Vocabulary on monoid periodicity

I'm learning about periodic languages, and I'm confused over the vocabulary used to describe the periodicity of (syntactic) monoids.
If I understand correctly, a monoid M is periodic if :
$$(\forall ...