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25
votes
0answers
557 views

Enriched Categories: Ideals/Submodules and algebraic geometry

While working through Atiyah/MacDonald for my final exams I realized the following: The category(poset) of ideals $I(A)$ of a commutative ring A is a closed symmetric monoidal category if endowed ...
20
votes
4answers
1k views

Understanding the definition of the Lefschetz (pure effective) motive

For all those who are unlikely to have answers to my questions, I provide some Background: In some sense, pure motives are generalisations of smooth projective varieties. Every Weil cohomology ...
18
votes
4answers
3k views

Tannakian Formalism

The Tannakian formalism says you can recover a complex algebraic group from its category of finite dimensional representations, the tensor structure, and the forgetful functor to Vect. Intuitively, ...
17
votes
8answers
3k views

Resources for graphical languages / Penrose notation / Feynman diagrams / birdtracks?

There is an idea I've recently gotten interested in that doesn't seem to have a good agreed-upon name ("diagrammatic algebra?"). It centers around the use of two-dimensional diagrams of dots, ...
15
votes
1answer
1k views

Calculating 6j-symbols (aka Racah-Wigner coefficients) for quantum groups

Which $6j$-symbols for quantised enveloping algebras are known explicitly? The quantum $6j$-symbols for $sl(2)$ are well-known. The references are Masbaum and Vogel and Frenkel and Khovanov. What ...
15
votes
1answer
737 views

Semiadditivity and dualizability of 2

Short version: Let (C, ⊗, 1) be a locally presentable closed symmetric monoidal category with a zero object, and write 2 = 1 ∐ 1. Suppose the object 2 has a dual. Does it follow that C is a ...
14
votes
0answers
141 views

Are there small examples of non-pivotal finite tensor categories?

I'm looking for small concrete examples of non-pivotal finite tensor categories to do some calculations with. Here a finite tensor category is, according to Etingof-Ostrik, a rigid monoidal category ...
14
votes
0answers
569 views

Is the category of smooth manifolds equivalent to the opposite category of the category of commutative monoids of some additive symmetric monoidal category?

This is a followup to my previous question, which asked whether the category of commutative or noncommutative C*-algebras or von Neumann algebras is equivalent to the category of commutative or ...
13
votes
3answers
499 views

What non-monoidal functors on monoidal categories are used “in nature”?

Background For my PhD dissertation, I've developed a categorical generalization of many different systems of denotational semantics for light linear logic (LLL). I'd like to see if I can use this ...
13
votes
3answers
688 views

Categorifying the Reals via von Neumann Algebras?

So one way to categorify the natural numbers is to replace them with vector spaces. Then the dimension of the vector space reproduces the natural number. More generally you can categorify integers to ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

History and motivation for Tannaka, Krein, Grothendieck, Deligne et al. works on Tannaka-Krein theory?

I am trying to wrap my mind around Tannaka-Krein duality and it seems quite mysterious for me, as well, as its history. So let me ask: Question: What was the motivation and historical context for ...
12
votes
3answers
578 views

Model Structure/Homotopy Pushouts in topological monoids?

Let C be the category of topological monoids, that is, the category of monoids in (Top, $\times$). Can the model category structure on Top (Serre fibrations, cofibrations, weak homotopy ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

Do all 3D TQFTs come from Reshetikhin-Turaev?

The Reshetikhin-Turaev construction take as input a Modular Tensor Category (MTC) and spits out a 3D TQFT. I've been told that the other main construction of 3D TQFTs, the Turaev-Viro State sum ...
12
votes
6answers
969 views

What structure on a monoidal category would make its 2-category of module categories monoidal and braided?

So, many of us know the answer to "what kind of structure on an algebra would make its category of representations braided monoidal": your algebra should be a quasi-triangular Hopf algebra (maybe if ...
12
votes
1answer
215 views

Associators, Grothendieck-Teichmüller group and monoidal categories

The standard definition of an associator seems to be that it a a grouplike power series in two variables $x$ and $ y $ satisfying some pentagon and hexagon relations. In other words, denoting by $ ...
11
votes
2answers
365 views

Iterating monoid categories

Let $(C, \otimes)$ be a symmetric monoidal category (maybe braided is also okay). Then the category $\text{Mon}(C)$ of monoid objects in $C$ is also a symmetric monoidal category with the same ...
11
votes
2answers
659 views

Recovering a monoidal category from its category of monoids

What kind of additional properties and/or structures one needs to impose on the category of (commutative or noncommutative) monoids of some monoidal category so that one can recover the original ...
11
votes
2answers
377 views

Cartesian envelope of a symmetric monoidal category

Is there a left adjoint to the forgetful functor from cartesian monoidal categories to symmetric monoidal categories? And if so: how can it be described explicitely. In more detail: Given a symmetric ...
11
votes
1answer
562 views

Are Lurie's operads special SMCs?

In Higher Operads, Higher Categories, Leinster nicely characterizes operads among monoidal categories (as PROs). Roughly speaking, a monoidal category comes from an operad if its set of objects is ...
11
votes
1answer
653 views

What is known about module categories over general monoidal categories?

All of the literature I have seen on module categories over monoidal categories has been in the rigid $k$-linear semisimple case, more or less in the spirit of Ostrik's paper, Module categories, weak ...
10
votes
6answers
773 views

How do I describe a fusion category given a subfactor?

I felt like following up on Kate's question. There were some good motivational answers there. Given a pair of factors M < N, there is a standard way to construct a 2-category whose objects are M ...
10
votes
1answer
320 views

Can one explain Tannaka-Krein duality for a finite-group to … a computer ? (How to make input for reconstruction to be finite datum?)

Consider a finite group. Tannaka-Krein duality allows to reconstruct the group from the category of its representations and additional structures on it (tensor structure + fiber functor). Somehow ...
10
votes
1answer
644 views

Alternative definition of monoidal categories

My question is about monoidal categories. To motivate it, let me first recall something about group objects. Assume you define a group object in a category $C$ with products by an object $G$ together ...
10
votes
0answers
127 views

Does every commutative variety of algebras have a cogenerator?

By a commutative variety $\mathcal{V}$ I mean a classical variety of algebras for some $(\Sigma,E)$, such that each pair of operations in $\Sigma$ commutes. Equivalently (i) every interpretation of ...
9
votes
4answers
740 views

Why is a monoid with closed symmetric monoidal module category commutative?

Given a symmetric monoidal category and a monoid object A in it, one can form the category of modules over this monoid object, i.e. objects are $A \otimes M \rightarrow M$ satisfying the natural ...
9
votes
2answers
386 views

The symmetric monoidal category of finite sets

It is well-known that the (augmented) simplex category is the universal monoidal category with a monoid object. What about a commutative analogue? Consider the category $\mathsf{FinSet}$ of finite ...
9
votes
3answers
757 views

When does Tannakian theory work over affine schemes besides fields?

By 'work' I would like the correspondence between fiber functors (to finitely generated projective modules) and algebraic groups to be the same as in the field case. Specifically, if $A$ is an affine ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a meaningful difference between biased and unbiased composition?

In higher category theory, there are notions of biased and unbiased definitions of composition of $n$-morphisms (or, as a special case, tensor products of objects). In the biased framework, we define ...
9
votes
2answers
281 views

When do PROP-morphisms induce adjunctions?

If (C,tensor,1) is a symmetric monoidal category and f:A-->B is a morphism of PROPs (or monoidal cats = colored PROPs), one gets a forgetful functor f^*:B-Alg(C)-->A-Alg(C) (where ...
9
votes
1answer
623 views

Gamma spaces and monoidal categories

In his paper "Categories and cohomology theories" Graeme Segal gives examples how to construct a Gamma category and therefore also a Gamma space from a strict monoidal category like finite chain ...
9
votes
0answers
161 views

Are pivotal categories the algebras for a cartesian monad?

It seems to be "known" but not written down that the following are more-or-less equivalent: ...
8
votes
3answers
572 views

Skeleton of a braided monoidal category

Does every (lax) braided monoidal category have a braided monoidal skeleton? That is, I want to define a (lax) braided monoidal structure on a skeleton so that it is braided monoidal equivalent to ...
8
votes
2answers
505 views

Localization of a symmetric monoidal category at a single morphism

Let $C$ be a symmetric monoidal category, and $f : x \to y$ be a morphism in $C$. I would like to construct the localization $C_f$ explicitly, which solves the universal property ...
8
votes
2answers
459 views

Gerbes and Z-graded symmetric monoidal categories

Let me first recall a known fact. Suppose $X$ is a complex algebraic variety, $\mathscr{L}$ is a line bundle on $X$ and $L^\times$ is the total space of $\mathscr{L}$ with the zero section removed. ...
8
votes
1answer
301 views

Reference for “lax monoidal functors” = “monoids under Day convolution”

Suppose $A$ and $C$ two symmetric monoidal categories. Let's say that $A$ is small and $C$ is locally presentable, and let's assume also that the tensor product on $C$ preserves colimits separately in ...
8
votes
1answer
476 views

Hovey's unit axiom in monoidal model categories

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a monoidal model category in the sense of Hovey's book. He assumes the following unit axiom not considered in other references (e.g. Schwede-Shipley): given a cofibrant ...
8
votes
0answers
239 views

Twisted duality in a symmetric monoidal category

I would like to know if the following definition is already known or even well-known. Is there a reference in the literature? Do you know prominent examples? Definition. Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a ...
7
votes
1answer
288 views

String diagrams for (weak) monoidal categories

Hi, In a strict monoidal category, where the associator, left and right unitor are identity morphisms we have the following relations between (string) diagrams: where $i_x$ and $e_x$ are the unit ...
7
votes
3answers
637 views

Tannakian description of a semi-direct product

Let $H$ and $K$ be affine group schemes over a field $k$ of caracteristic zero. Let $\varphi:H\to Aut(K)$ be a group action. Then we can form the semi-direct product $G = K\ltimes H$. Problem: ...
7
votes
4answers
501 views

What's the right object to categorify a braided tensor category?

The yoga of categorification has gained a lot of popularity in recent years, and some techniques for it have made a lot of progress. It's well-understood that, for example, a ring is probably ...
7
votes
1answer
488 views

Saavedra's Definition of Tannakian Category

I have been reading Deligne-Milne's Tannakian Categories and got to the point at the end of part 3 where they discuss what went wrong with Saavedra's definition. Motivated by their counterexample, ...
7
votes
2answers
447 views

From tensor algebras in monoidal categories to (commutative?) monoids

Let $D$ be a monoidal category (without the structure of a symmetric monoidal category), with unit object $Id$, and let $L$ be an invertible object in $D$, so that $L$ is dualizable and the pairing ...
7
votes
1answer
767 views

Exterior powers in tensor categories

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a cocomplete $R$-linear tensor category. Many notions of commutative algebra can be internalized to $\mathcal{C}$. For example a commutative algebra is an object $A$ in ...
7
votes
2answers
337 views

Effects of “weak” vs. “strict” categories in Eckmann-Hilton arguments

A standard example for demonstrating the need for genuinely weak n-categories is that a weak 3-category with unique 0- and 1-cells amounts to the same thing as a braided monoidal category (by an ...
7
votes
1answer
332 views

Category of copresheaves over commutative monoids

Let C be a symmetric monoidal category. Let Comm(C) be the category of commutative monoids in C. Consider the topos X = CoPSh(Comm(C)) of covariant functors from Comm(C) to the category Set of sets. ...
6
votes
3answers
432 views

Are supervector spaces the representations of a Hopf algebra?

Supervector spaces look a lot like the category of representations of $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$ - the even part corresponds to the copies of the trivial representation and the odd part corresponds to ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the universal enveloping algebra?

Let ${\mathfrak g}$ be a Lie algebra in a symmetric monoidal category enriched over $K$-vector spaces, i.e., in particular, hom-s are $K$-vector spaces (where $K$ is a field of characteristic zero). ...
6
votes
2answers
237 views

Is “being a modular category” a universal or categorical/algebraic property?

A semisimple braided category with duals is called modular when a certain matrix $S$ is invertible. The components $S_{AB}$ are indexed by (isomorphism classes of) simple objects of the category and ...
6
votes
3answers
646 views

180˚ vs 360˚ Twists in String Diagrams for Ribbon Categories

Ribbon categories are braided monoidal categories with a twist or balance, $\theta_B:B\to B$, which is a natural transformation from the identity functor to itself. In the string diagram calculus for ...
6
votes
1answer
329 views

What about schemes built up out of graded rings?

Toen-Vaquié construct a category of schemes relative to some complete cocomplete closed symmetric monoidal category $C$. Affine schemes correspond by definition 1:1 to commutative monoid objects in ...