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34
votes
0answers
745 views

Enriched Categories: Ideals/Submodules and algebraic geometry

While working through Atiyah/MacDonald for my final exams I realized the following: The category(poset) of ideals $I(A)$ of a commutative ring A is a closed symmetric monoidal category if endowed ...
29
votes
4answers
2k views

Understanding the definition of the Lefschetz (pure effective) motive

For all those who are unlikely to have answers to my questions, I provide some Background: In some sense, pure motives are generalisations of smooth projective varieties. Every Weil cohomology ...
23
votes
4answers
4k views

Tannakian Formalism

The Tannakian formalism says you can recover a complex algebraic group from its category of finite dimensional representations, the tensor structure, and the forgetful functor to Vect. Intuitively, ...
23
votes
8answers
4k views

Resources for graphical languages / Penrose notation / Feynman diagrams / birdtracks?

There is an idea I've recently gotten interested in that doesn't seem to have a good agreed-upon name ("diagrammatic algebra?"). It centers around the use of two-dimensional diagrams of dots, ...
18
votes
1answer
870 views

Semiadditivity and dualizability of 2

Short version: Let (C, ⊗, 1) be a locally presentable closed symmetric monoidal category with a zero object, and write 2 = 1 ∐ 1. Suppose the object 2 has a dual. Does it follow that C is a ...
17
votes
1answer
2k views

Calculating 6j-symbols (aka Racah-Wigner coefficients) for quantum groups

Which $6j$-symbols for quantised enveloping algebras are known explicitly? The quantum $6j$-symbols for $sl(2)$ are well-known. The references are Masbaum and Vogel and Frenkel and Khovanov. What ...
16
votes
2answers
443 views

What categorical property of monoidal categories picks out the ones with duals?

Recall that a monoidal category $\mathcal C$ is rigid if every object $X\in \mathcal C$ has both left and right duals, i.e. objects $X^l$ and $X^r$ with maps $X^l \otimes X \to \mathbf 1 \to X \otimes ...
15
votes
2answers
444 views

Counterexample for associativity of smash product

In Section 1.7 of Parametrized Homotopy Theory by May and Sigurdsson it is stated that the smash product of pointed topological spaces is not associative (which is just another hint that $\mathrm{Top}$...
15
votes
0answers
182 views

Are there small examples of non-pivotal finite tensor categories?

I'm looking for small concrete examples of non-pivotal finite tensor categories to do some calculations with. Here a finite tensor category is, according to Etingof-Ostrik, a rigid monoidal category ...
15
votes
0answers
725 views

Is the category of smooth manifolds equivalent to the opposite category of the category of commutative monoids of some additive symmetric monoidal category?

This is a followup to my previous question, which asked whether the category of commutative or noncommutative C*-algebras or von Neumann algebras is equivalent to the category of commutative or ...
14
votes
2answers
687 views

Does projective imply flat?

Let $\mathcal C$ be an abelian category equipped with a closed symmetric monoidal structure. This implies in particular that the monoidal structure $\otimes$ is right exact in each variable. I care ...
14
votes
1answer
602 views

Can one explain Tannaka-Krein duality for a finite-group to … a computer ? (How to make input for reconstruction to be finite datum?)

Consider a finite group. Tannaka-Krein duality allows to reconstruct the group from the category of its representations and additional structures on it (tensor structure + fiber functor). Somehow ...
14
votes
3answers
669 views

What non-monoidal functors on monoidal categories are used “in nature”?

Background For my PhD dissertation, I've developed a categorical generalization of many different systems of denotational semantics for light linear logic (LLL). I'd like to see if I can use this ...
14
votes
0answers
158 views

Specific cases of the tangle hypothesis in terms of “classical” n-categories

As is well known, the tangle hypothesis of Baez and Dolan proposes that, for suitable definitions, the $n$-category of framed $n$-tangles in $n+k$ dimensions is the free $k$-tuply monoidal $n$-...
13
votes
2answers
780 views

Recovering a monoidal category from its category of monoids

What kind of additional properties and/or structures one needs to impose on the category of (commutative or noncommutative) monoids of some monoidal category so that one can recover the original ...
13
votes
6answers
1k views

What structure on a monoidal category would make its 2-category of module categories monoidal and braided?

So, many of us know the answer to "what kind of structure on an algebra would make its category of representations braided monoidal": your algebra should be a quasi-triangular Hopf algebra (maybe if ...
13
votes
1answer
776 views

Are Lurie's operads special SMCs?

In Higher Operads, Higher Categories, Leinster nicely characterizes operads among monoidal categories (as PROs). Roughly speaking, a monoidal category comes from an operad if its set of objects is ...
13
votes
3answers
778 views

Categorifying the Reals via von Neumann Algebras?

So one way to categorify the natural numbers is to replace them with vector spaces. Then the dimension of the vector space reproduces the natural number. More generally you can categorify integers to ...
13
votes
2answers
368 views

Rectifying the definition of a closed category

The definition of a closed category I'm using is here. Suppose $V$ is a closed category and that for each object $b\in V$, $[b,-]$ has a left adjoint $- \otimes b$. The result is nearly a monoidal ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

History and motivation for Tannaka, Krein, Grothendieck, Deligne et al. works on Tannaka-Krein theory?

I am trying to wrap my mind around Tannaka-Krein duality and it seems quite mysterious for me, as well, as its history. So let me ask: Question: What was the motivation and historical context for ...
12
votes
3answers
691 views

Model Structure/Homotopy Pushouts in topological monoids?

Let C be the category of topological monoids, that is, the category of monoids in (Top, $\times$). Can the model category structure on Top (Serre fibrations, cofibrations, weak homotopy equivalence)...
12
votes
6answers
1k views

How do I describe a fusion category given a subfactor?

I felt like following up on Kate's question. There were some good motivational answers there. Given a pair of factors M < N, there is a standard way to construct a 2-category whose objects are M ...
12
votes
2answers
555 views

The symmetric monoidal category of finite sets

It is well-known that the (augmented) simplex category is the universal monoidal category with a monoid object. What about a commutative analogue? Consider the category $\mathsf{FinSet}$ of finite ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Do all 3D TQFTs come from Reshetikhin-Turaev?

The Reshetikhin-Turaev construction take as input a Modular Tensor Category (MTC) and spits out a 3D TQFT. I've been told that the other main construction of 3D TQFTs, the Turaev-Viro State sum ...
12
votes
2answers
467 views

Iterating monoid categories

Let $(C, \otimes)$ be a symmetric monoidal category (maybe braided is also okay). Then the category $\text{Mon}(C)$ of monoid objects in $C$ is also a symmetric monoidal category with the same ...
12
votes
3answers
887 views

Free symmetric monoidal category on a monoidal category

Consider the $2$-categories $\mathsf{MonCat}$ of monoidal categories, with strong monoidal functors and monoidal transformations, $\mathsf{SymMonCat}$ of symmetric monoidal categories, with strong ...
12
votes
2answers
451 views

Cartesian envelope of a symmetric monoidal category

Is there a left adjoint to the forgetful functor from cartesian monoidal categories to symmetric monoidal categories? And if so: how can it be described explicitely. In more detail: Given a symmetric ...
12
votes
1answer
285 views

Does every commutative variety of algebras have a cogenerator?

By a commutative variety $\mathcal{V}$ I mean a classical variety of algebras for some $(\Sigma,E)$, such that each pair of operations in $\Sigma$ commutes. Equivalently (i) every interpretation of ...
12
votes
1answer
351 views

Associators, Grothendieck-Teichmüller group and monoidal categories

The standard definition of an associator seems to be that it a a grouplike power series in two variables $x$ and $ y $ satisfying some pentagon and hexagon relations. In other words, denoting by $ \...
12
votes
1answer
190 views

Is there a finite test for isomorphisms of rigid monoidal abelian categories?

Let $G$ be a semisimple algebraic group. (I'm already interested in the case $G=SL_2$.) Let $\mathcal C$ be a semisimple rigid monoidal abelian category endowed with pair of exact tensor functors $...
12
votes
1answer
937 views

What is known about module categories over general monoidal categories?

All of the literature I have seen on module categories over monoidal categories has been in the rigid $k$-linear semisimple case, more or less in the spirit of Ostrik's paper, Module categories, weak ...
11
votes
1answer
629 views

Reference for “lax monoidal functors” = “monoids under Day convolution”

Suppose $A$ and $C$ two symmetric monoidal categories. Let's say that $A$ is small and $C$ is locally presentable, and let's assume also that the tensor product on $C$ preserves colimits separately in ...
11
votes
1answer
413 views

Categorical interpretation of disjoint cycle notation for tracing permutations

For a natural number $n\in\mathbb{N}$, let $\underline{n}$ denote the finite set $$\underline{n}:=\{1,2,\ldots,n\}.$$ A permutation $\sigma\in Aut(\underline{n})$ can be uniquely written (up to order) ...
11
votes
1answer
212 views

Understanding the computation of the center of Tambara-Yamagami fusion categories when realized as C* categories

Recall that the Tambara-Yamagami categories are those with fusion ring $\mathbb{Z}[A \cup m]$ where $A$ is an abelian group and $m$ is a non-invertible (simple) object such that $ma = am = m$ for all $...
10
votes
4answers
893 views

Why is a monoid with closed symmetric monoidal module category commutative?

Given a symmetric monoidal category and a monoid object A in it, one can form the category of modules over this monoid object, i.e. objects are $A \otimes M \rightarrow M$ satisfying the natural ...
10
votes
1answer
774 views

Alternative definition of monoidal categories

My question is about monoidal categories. To motivate it, let me first recall something about group objects. Assume you define a group object in a category $C$ with products by an object $G$ together ...
9
votes
3answers
491 views

Are supervector spaces the representations of a Hopf algebra?

Supervector spaces look a lot like the category of representations of $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$ - the even part corresponds to the copies of the trivial representation and the odd part corresponds to ...
9
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the universal enveloping algebra?

Let ${\mathfrak g}$ be a Lie algebra in a symmetric monoidal category enriched over $K$-vector spaces, i.e., in particular, hom-s are $K$-vector spaces (where $K$ is a field of characteristic zero). ...
9
votes
3answers
859 views

When does Tannakian theory work over affine schemes besides fields?

By 'work' I would like the correspondence between fiber functors (to finitely generated projective modules) and algebraic groups to be the same as in the field case. Specifically, if $A$ is an affine ...
9
votes
2answers
414 views

Reference for an unbiased definition of a symmetric monoidal category

In the references I know, a symmetric monoidal category is defined as a monoidal category equipped with some additional data, so in particular the monoidal product is a functor $$ \mathcal{C}\times \...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Is there a meaningful difference between biased and unbiased composition?

In higher category theory, there are notions of biased and unbiased definitions of composition of $n$-morphisms (or, as a special case, tensor products of objects). In the biased framework, we define ...
9
votes
2answers
712 views

Localization of a symmetric monoidal category at a single morphism

Let $C$ be a symmetric monoidal category, and $f : x \to y$ be a morphism in $C$. I would like to construct the localization $C_f$ explicitly, which solves the universal property $$\mathrm{Hom}_{\...
9
votes
1answer
218 views

Enriching categories and equivalences

Let $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{D}$ be two equivalent categories. Furthermore, assume $\mathcal{C}$ is enriched over a monoidal category $(\mathcal{M}, \otimes)$. Can one use the equivalence to ...
9
votes
2answers
452 views

A cosmos where coproduct injections are not monic

The injections (coprojections) of a coproduct in a category are very often monomorphisms. For instance, this happens in any extensive category (essentially by definition) and also in any category ...
9
votes
2answers
310 views

When do PROP-morphisms induce adjunctions?

If (C,tensor,1) is a symmetric monoidal category and f:A-->B is a morphism of PROPs (or monoidal cats = colored PROPs), one gets a forgetful functor f^*:B-Alg(C)-->A-Alg(C) (where B-Alg(C)=tensor-...
9
votes
1answer
761 views

Gamma spaces and monoidal categories

In his paper "Categories and cohomology theories" Graeme Segal gives examples how to construct a Gamma category and therefore also a Gamma space from a strict monoidal category like finite chain ...
9
votes
0answers
189 views

Grothendieck Construction, Categories of Operators and Opposites

Given a symmetric monoidal category $C$, we can construct its endomorphism operad (or multicategory) $End(C)$ whose objects are the objects of $C$, and for which the multimorphisms from $\{c_1,\ldots,...
9
votes
0answers
113 views

t-structures on the tensor product of stable $\infty$-categories

It is a matter of checking definitions that the tensor product of presentable $\infty$-categories restrict to a tensor product between stable presentable $\infty$-categories; I was wondering if there ...
9
votes
0answers
274 views

Twisted duality in a symmetric monoidal category

I would like to know if the following definition is already known or even well-known. Is there a reference in the literature? Do you know prominent examples? Definition. Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a ...
9
votes
0answers
184 views

Are pivotal categories the algebras for a cartesian monad?

It seems to be "known" but not written down that the following are more-or-less equivalent: ...