The monoidal-categories tag has no usage guidance.

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### Resources for graphical languages / Penrose notation / Feynman diagrams / birdtracks?

There is an idea I've recently gotten interested in that doesn't seem to have a good agreed-upon name ("diagrammatic algebra?"). It centers around the use of two-dimensional diagrams of dots, ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### What is the universal enveloping algebra?

Let ${\mathfrak g}$ be a Lie algebra in a symmetric monoidal category enriched over $K$-vector spaces, i.e., in particular, hom-s are $K$-vector spaces (where $K$ is a field of characteristic zero). ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

716 views

### Tannakian description of a semi-direct product

Let $H$ and $K$ be affine group schemes over a field $k$ of caracteristic zero. Let $\varphi:H\to Aut(K)$ be a group action. Then we can form the semi-direct product $G = K\ltimes H$.
Problem: ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

560 views

### Is assigning the endomorphism object in some sense functorial?

Let $\mathcal V$ be a monoidal category and let $\mathcal C$ be a $\mathcal V$-category. Let's denote the $\mathcal V$-valued hom-functor $[-,-]$. Now for every object $X\in\mathcal C$ we have it's ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

165 views

### What is the underlying graphical calculus of the Interactions-Round-a-Face lattice model?

Background
Let $\mathcal{L}$ be an $m \times n$ square lattice on a torus, and let $\Sigma$ be a finite set. We think of $\Sigma$ as the possible spin values that can be assigned to the points of the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

359 views

### Category of copresheaves over commutative monoids

Let C be a symmetric monoidal category. Let Comm(C) be the category of commutative monoids in C. Consider the topos X = CoPSh(Comm(C)) of covariant functors from Comm(C) to the category Set of sets.
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

482 views

### Closed monoidal structure on the derived category of sheaves

Given a topological space X, i'd like to find Der X - the derived category of sheaves of abelian groups on X - to be a closed monoidal category. Hom should be cohomological and the internal-hom should ...

**5**

votes

**5**answers

458 views

### What are the correct axioms for a “weakly associative monoidal functor”?

Definitions and the main question
Recall that a category $\mathcal C$ is monoidal if it is equipped with the following data (two functors, three natural transformations, and some properties):
a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

488 views

### Is there a relative version of Tannakian reconstruction?

According to some form of Tannakian reconstruction, given a finite tensor category with a fiber functor to the category of vector spaces, one determines a Hopf algebra by considering tensor ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Calculating 6j-symbols (aka Racah-Wigner coefficients) for quantum groups

Which $6j$-symbols for quantised enveloping algebras are known explicitly?
The quantum $6j$-symbols for $sl(2)$ are well-known. The references are
Masbaum and Vogel and
Frenkel and Khovanov.
What ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

389 views

### Effects of “weak” vs. “strict” categories in Eckmann-Hilton arguments

A standard example for demonstrating the need for genuinely weak n-categories is that a weak 3-category with unique 0- and 1-cells amounts to the same thing as a braided monoidal category (by an ...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

876 views

### Why is a monoid with closed symmetric monoidal module category commutative?

Given a symmetric monoidal category and a monoid object A in it, one can form the category of modules over this monoid object, i.e. objects are $A \otimes M \rightarrow M$ satisfying the natural ...

**27**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Understanding the definition of the Lefschetz (pure effective) motive

For all those who are unlikely to have answers to my questions, I provide some
Background:
In some sense, pure motives are generalisations of smooth projective varieties. Every Weil cohomology ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

842 views

### Semiadditivity and dualizability of 2

Short version: Let (C, ⊗, 1) be a locally presentable closed symmetric monoidal category with a zero object, and write 2 = 1 ∐ 1. Suppose the object 2 has a dual. Does it follow that C is a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

255 views

### When does a certain natural construction on monoidal categories yield a Hopf algebra?

Let $\mathcal C = (\mathcal C_0,\mathcal C_1)$ be a (small) strict monoidal category. Pick a field $\mathbb K$, and let $\mathbb K[\mathcal C_1]$ be the vector space with basis the morphism of ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

658 views

### Model Structure/Homotopy Pushouts in topological monoids?

Let C be the category of topological monoids, that is, the category of monoids in (Top, $\times$).
Can the model category structure on Top (Serre fibrations, cofibrations, weak homotopy ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Is there a meaningful difference between biased and unbiased composition?

In higher category theory, there are notions of biased and unbiased definitions of composition of $n$-morphisms (or, as a special case, tensor products of objects). In the biased framework, we define ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

871 views

### What is known about module categories over general monoidal categories?

All of the literature I have seen on module categories over monoidal categories has been in the rigid $k$-linear semisimple case, more or less in the spirit of Ostrik's paper, Module categories, weak ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

270 views

### Explicit description of a free braided monoidal groupoid with inverses

Let G be a braided monoidal groupoid: it does no harm to suppose that the monoidal product on G is strictly associative, so I'll do that.
"With inverses" means that for every object $X$ of G, there ...

**13**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### What structure on a monoidal category would make its 2-category of module categories monoidal and braided?

So, many of us know the answer to "what kind of structure on an algebra would make its category of representations braided monoidal": your algebra should be a quasi-triangular Hopf algebra (maybe if ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

518 views

### What's the right object to categorify a braided tensor category?

The yoga of categorification has gained a lot of popularity in recent years, and some techniques for it have made a lot of progress. It's well-understood that, for example, a ring is probably ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

480 views

### Are supervector spaces the representations of a Hopf algebra?

Supervector spaces look a lot like the category of representations of $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$ - the even part corresponds to the copies of the trivial representation and the odd part corresponds to ...

**21**

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**4**answers

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### Tannakian Formalism

The Tannakian formalism says you can recover a complex algebraic group from its category of finite dimensional representations, the tensor structure, and the forgetful functor to Vect. Intuitively, ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

759 views

### Recovering a monoidal category from its category of monoids

What kind of additional properties and/or structures one needs to impose on the category
of (commutative or noncommutative) monoids of some monoidal category
so that one can recover the original ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

824 views

### When does Tannakian theory work over affine schemes besides fields?

By 'work' I would like the correspondence between fiber functors (to finitely generated projective modules) and algebraic groups to be the same as in the field case.
Specifically, if $A$ is an affine ...

**12**

votes

**6**answers

977 views

### How do I describe a fusion category given a subfactor?

I felt like following up on Kate's question. There were some good motivational answers there.
Given a pair of factors M < N, there is a standard way to construct a 2-category whose objects are M ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

767 views

### Categorifying the Reals via von Neumann Algebras?

So one way to categorify the natural numbers is to replace them with vector spaces. Then the dimension of the vector space reproduces the natural number. More generally you can categorify integers to ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

307 views

### When do PROP-morphisms induce adjunctions?

If (C,tensor,1) is a symmetric monoidal category and f:A-->B is a morphism of PROPs (or monoidal cats = colored PROPs), one gets a forgetful functor f^*:B-Alg(C)-->A-Alg(C) (where ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

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### Do all 3D TQFTs come from Reshetikhin-Turaev?

The Reshetikhin-Turaev construction take as input a Modular Tensor Category (MTC) and spits out a 3D TQFT. I've been told that the other main construction of 3D TQFTs, the Turaev-Viro State sum ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

446 views

### What is a formula for the “group-like Drinfeld element”?

Any quantized universal enveloping algebra (in fact, any toplogically quasi-triangular Hopf algebra) has an (in its completion) an element u called the Drinfeld element which gives an isomorphism from ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

461 views

### Are there interesting monoidal structures on representations of quantum affine algebras?

Is there a good monoidal structure on a category of integrable representations of a quantum affine algebra? In the ordinary affine Kac-Moody case, there is the usual tensor product (symmetric, adds ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

751 views

### Are abelian non-degenerate tensor categories semisimple?

A pivotal monoidal category is called non-degenerate if the inner product $\left(x,y\right) = Tr\left(xy^{*}\right)$ (where $y^{*}$ is the dual map) is non-degenerate. As a rule of thumb ...