Given a concrete category C, with objects denoted Obj(C), and an equivalence relation ~ on Obj(C) given by morphisms in C. The moduli set for Obj(C) is the set of equivalence classes with respect to ~; denoted Iso(C). When Iso(C) is an object in the category Top, then the moduli set is called a ...

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Topology of the space of foliations on a 3-manifold

Denote by $\mathcal{P} (M)$ the space of smooth plane fields(oriented and transversely oriented) on a given closed and orientable 3-manifold $M$ with the $C^{\infty}$ topology, and by $\mathcal{F}(M)$ ...
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0answers
76 views

About stable maps passing through fixed points

In "Notes On Stable Maps and Quantum Cohomology", Fulton and Pandharipande present some results, and their proofs, about the representability of the functor $\mathcal{M}_{g, n}(X, \beta)$, which maps ...
14
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3answers
416 views

Which mapping class group representations come from algebraic geometry?

Let $\Gamma_g$ be the mapping class group of a closed oriented surface $\Sigma$ of genus $g$. There is a natural surjection $t \colon \Gamma_g \to \mathrm{Sp}(2g,\mathbf Z)$ which sends a mapping ...
8
votes
4answers
338 views

Is there a non-abelian version of the Torelli map?

Let $C$ be a connected compact oriented real surface of genus $g$, let $G$ be a connected compact Lie group and let $G_\mathbb{C}$ be the complexification of $G$. One considers the moduli space $M ...
14
votes
1answer
356 views

Special fiber of $X(p)$ in characteristic $p$

Let $p \geq 5$ be a prime. Let $Y(p)$ be the fine moduli space representing elliptic curves + basis of the $p$-torsion over $\mathbb{Q}_p$ and let $Y_1(p)$ be the fine moduli space representing ...
27
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1answer
766 views

Why is there no Brauer scheme?

Let $X$ be a proper scheme over a base field $k$ (one could consider more general settings, but I am primarly interested in a "geometric" situation with $k$ being algebraically closed). Then the ...
9
votes
3answers
239 views

Locus of complete curves on $\mathcal M_g$

Is the union of the complete curves on $\mathcal M_g$ Zariski dense? ($g \gg 0$) I know it is hard to find higher-dimensional complete subvarieties of $\mathcal M_g$, but a quasiprojective variety ...
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31 views

How does one define the universal curve over the moduli space of stable curves [migrated]

In relation to the Prym class. How does one define the universal curve $\pi:\bar{\mathcal{C}_g}\longrightarrow\bar{\mathcal{M}_g}$ for genus $g\geq 2$ and their dualizing sheaf $\omega_g$.
2
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2answers
262 views

What is the difference between the moduli space of curves and the moduli space of orbi-curves?

Edit: In my original framing of this question it was not so clear what I was looking for, so this is basically a re-write. I feel that I should already know the answer to this, but it never sits ...
7
votes
2answers
293 views

Guises of the Stasheff polytopes, associahedra for the Coxeter $A_n$ root system?

Richard Stanley keeps a famous running compilation of different guises of the celebrated Catalan numbers. The number of vertices of the associahedron is one instantiation among the multitude, and the ...
4
votes
0answers
166 views

Moduli interpretation of Eisenstein series

Let $N \geq 11$ be an integer and consider the basis of Eisenstein series for $M_2(\Gamma_0(N))$ described in Theorem $4.6.2$ of Diamond--Shurman's book. Pick and Eisenstein series $F$ in this basis. ...
4
votes
0answers
131 views

Moduli interpretation of Hecke operators on Shimura curves

In his book on Automorphic Forms, Shimura gives (chapter 9) definitions of the the Hecke operators for Shimura curves. One can give definitions of the Hecke and Atkin-Lehner operators in terms of the ...
2
votes
0answers
116 views

Symplectic form on moduli space of connections

Let $M$ be the moduli space of flat $GL(n,\mathbb{C})$ connections on a compact oriented surface, and $\alpha$ the natural symplectic form on it. Is there any known construction of a bundle with a ...
4
votes
0answers
109 views

On the cohomology ring of the Hilbert scheme of points on k3 or abelian surfaces

There are many results on the cohomology of the Hilbert scheme of points of a surface. Gottsche calcaluted the Betti numbers and Nakajima got the generators of the cohomology. Also there are results ...
10
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4answers
703 views

Soft question: beginners reference to moduli spaces

What is a geometrically intuitive yet reasonably general first introduction to the theory of Moduli spaces? (Possibly introducing stacks also)? I'm looking for something which really gets the pictures ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

On the generating series of degree $d>1$ Gromov-Witten invariants of the local $\mathbb P^1$

Let $N$ be the total space of the vector bundle $\mathscr O_{\mathbb P^1}(-1)\oplus \mathscr O_{\mathbb P^1}(-1)$ over $\mathbb P^1$, and let $C_0\subset N$ be the zero section. Then $N$ is a ...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

Canonical bundle of moduli space of rational curves and automorphisms

Let $\overline{M}_{0,n}$ be the usual Deligne-Mumford compactification of $M_{0,n}$ the moduli space of smooth $n$-pointed rational curves. The canonical divisor $K_{\overline{M}_{0,n}}$ can be ...
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0answers
27 views

singular locus of $\mathcal{A}_3(2)^{hyp}$

The geometry of the Satake compactification of $\mathcal{A}_2(2)$ is very well known. It is the singular quartic 3-fold in $P^4$ known as $Igusa\ quartic$. I am looking for references (or ...
4
votes
2answers
216 views

Non trivial family of hyperelliptic curves

Let $X$ ba a smooth hyperelliptic curve of genus $g$, and let $f:X\rightarrow X$ be the hyperelliptic involution. Consider a $K3$ surface $S$ with an involution $g$ without fixed points. The quotient ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

deformations of vector bundles on curves

Let $X$ be a smooth algebraic curve. Suppose I have a flat family $V_y\to X$ of vector bundles on $X$ over an affine scheme $S$. Let $p=Spec(k)$ be one geometric point of $S$. If the determinant of ...
4
votes
1answer
248 views

The space of varieties between two given varieties

Let $\mathbf{P} = \mathbf{P}^n(k)$ be the $n$-dimensional projective space over a field $k$, let $A, B$ be projective varieties in $\mathbf{P}$ such that $A \subset B$. Now define $V(A,B)$ to be the ...
5
votes
2answers
211 views

Why is the supersingular locus the zero locus of a modular form?

This question is related to my other question here: Examples of subspaces singled out by modular forms. Here I am wondering if there is a philosophical explanation about why the supersingular locus ...
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0answers
51 views

symmetric theta structures and arithmetic subgroups

A symmetric theta structure is a theta structure that commutes with (a lift of) the natural involution $\imath: A \to A$ an an abelian variety. For simplicity I will assume that $A$ is a surface. ...
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1answer
119 views

Open subset of the moduli space of stable sheaves on a noetherian scheme

This is my question: Given a projective noetherian scheme $X$, the structural sheaf $\mathcal{O}_X$ is a coherent sheaf, so every locally free sheaf is coherent. This means that the family of stable ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Examples of subspaces singled out by modular forms

I am wondering what subspaces of modular varieties defined as the zero locus of modular forms have been studied in the literature. To be more clear let me explain the example I have in mind. Let ...
9
votes
1answer
305 views

Easiest example where field of definition is not field of moduli

There are many examples of varieties over $\overline{\mathbb Q}$ whose field of moduli is $\mathbb Q$ but which can't be defined over $\mathbb Q$. What is the easiest such example? It should be a ...
2
votes
1answer
216 views

Open covering of the Hilbert functor of points

Let $R \to A$ be a homomorphism of commutative rings. Define the functor $$\mathrm{Hilb}^n_{A/R} : \mathsf{CAlg}(R) \to \mathsf{Set}$$ as follows: If $B$ is a commutative $R$-algebra, then ...
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0answers
67 views

Do principally polarized abelian varieties enjoy a genus expansion?

This is a vague question from an interested outsider: It is well known that abelian varieties which arise as Jacobian of a curve (or a bit more general as Prym variety) are distinguished by the fact ...
2
votes
0answers
163 views

Can Kuranishi families glue together to give a moduli space?

In his article "Moduli spaces of vector bundles on K3 surfaces and symplectic manifolds", Mukai constructs moduli of simple sheaves on a K3 surface through a theorem that asserts the existence of a ...
11
votes
0answers
188 views

What is the lowest-weight non-cyclotomic Galois representation in $\overline{\mathcal M}_{g,n}$?

I want to know about low-weight Galois representations in $H^i(\overline{\mathcal M}_{g,n}, \overline{\mathbb Q}_\ell)$ that aren't cyclotomic. This should be equivalent to finding $p,q$ such that ...
1
vote
1answer
163 views

Classification (and automorphisms) of torsion-free modules/sheaves

I would like to know what can be said about the classification of torsion-free modules. For my purposes, we can assume that $R$ is the function ring of a smooth affine variety over a field. How does ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

Moduli of curves in characteristic zero

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero, and let $\overline{K}$ be its algebraic closure. Let $\overline{M}_{g,n}(K)$ and $\overline{M}_{g,n}(\overline{K})$ be the coarse moduli spaces parametrizing ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

Any no-zero homomorphism of holomorphic vector bundles over a compact Riemann surface factors through a maximal rank homomorphism

I was reading the paper "Stable and Unitary vector bundles on a compact surface" by Narashiman and Seshadri. I quote from the paper- Can someone please explain how does any non-zero homomorphism ...
6
votes
1answer
523 views

Kodaira-Spencer theory of deformation done right

I thought in asking this question on Math StackExchange, but by my experience I don' t think anyone will notice me. Recently, I started studying deformation of complex manifolds in the sense of ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Units of Endomorphism Rings of Jacobian Varieties with Real Multiplication

Let $(A,a)$ be a principally polarised (with indecomposable polarisation) Abelian variety over $\mathbb C$. Assume that End(A) contains an order $R$ of a totally real number field of degree $>1$ ...
3
votes
2answers
230 views

Families of Fano varieties over non-hyperbolic curves

Let $C$ be a non-hyperbolic (smooth quasi-projective connected complex algebraic) curve. That is, $C$ is isomorphic to $\mathbb P^1, \mathbb A^1, \mathbb G_m$, or an elliptic curve. Let $f:X\to C$ be ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Connectedness of moduli of hypersurfaces

Let $M$ be the coarse moduli space of smooth connected hypersurfaces of degree $d$ in some fixed smooth projective variety $X$. If $X$ is projective space, it is easy to see that $M$ is connected. ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

Moduli space of sheaves on a ribbon

In the paper "A non-linear deformation of the Hitchin dinamycal system", Donagi-Ein-Lazarsfeld describe the irreducible components of the moduli space $\mathcal M_R$ of stable sheaves of numerical ...
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vote
0answers
54 views

some intuition about the degree of a map

Consider a map $$ f: \Sigma \to X/\sigma,$$ where $\Sigma=\Sigma_g/\Omega$ is a quotient of a Riemann surface by an antiholomorphic involution, $\sigma:X\to X$ is an antiholomorphic involution of some ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Characterisation of convergence in Deligne-Mumford compactifiaction

1) Is there a (simple) way to characterise the convergence of complex curves toward a stable curve in term of hyperbolic metrics for the Deligne Mumford compactification of the moduli space of complex ...
2
votes
0answers
215 views

Beautiful curves in Gromov-Witten theory, and in Donaldson-Thomas theory

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective threefold, and $\beta\in H_2(X,\mathbb Z)$ a curve class. In the Kontsevich's moduli space of stable maps, $\overline M_g(X;\beta)$, a general point $[f:C\to X]$ ...
5
votes
1answer
155 views

Reference request: maps between moduli spaces

I want to understand the relationship between moduli spaces as we vary the different parameters. I'll focus on the moduli space ${\mathcal M}_{g,n}(X,\beta)$ of stable maps from genus $g$ curves with ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

Parameter estimation using bayesian update on moduli space?

Scientists take a set of data points, say in ${\mathbb R}^2$, and, assuming that this data should fit a polynomial of degree $d$ (or an exponential, etc.), they estimate parameters. I would think ...
10
votes
1answer
260 views

Why is the kth cohomology group of the DM-compactification of the moduli space of curves pure of weight k?

I'm trying to understand the paper Arbarello, Enrico, Cornalba, Maurizio, Calculating cohomology groups of moduli spaces of curves via algebraic geometry. Inst. Hautes Études Sci. Publ. Math. No. 88 ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Intersection theory on M_{g,n}

Is there a paper\book that lists the top intersections of Hodge classes and tautological classes on $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$ for small $g$ and $k$, e.g. $g=2,3$ and $k=0,1,2$ ?
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vote
0answers
60 views

Ampleness of the Canonical Bundle for Siegel Modular Varieties

Background Throughout I only work with varieties over $\mathbb{C}$. For $p$ a prime number, Let $Y(p)$ denote the modular curve parametrizing elliptic curves together with full $p$-torsion ...
3
votes
0answers
335 views

A quotient stack question

Let $X$ be a proper Deligne-Mumford stack, whose normalization, $X'$, is a global quotient stack (that is, a stack of the form [W/GL_n],where W is an algebraic space) with a projective scheme as a ...
2
votes
0answers
207 views

Cech cohomology.

Let us consider the scheme $X$ and the coherent sheaf $\cal F$ on it. We consider finitely many affine open covers $U_{\lambda}$ with $\lambda \in \Lambda$. When I calculate Cech cohomology with ...
7
votes
2answers
364 views

Why do parameter spaces (often) behave like what they parameterize?

From the my limited experience it seems that often a parameter space (miraculously) has some of the properties of the elements it parameterizes. For example: The parameter space of all plane conics ...
2
votes
0answers
166 views

bijection of moduli space of equivariant holomorphic embeddings

Consider the moduli space $\mathcal{M}$ of equivariant holomorphic embeddings of closed oriented Riemann surfaces into a generic quintic three-fold $X$ in $\mathbb{P}^4,$ of given degree $d \in ...