Questions about modular forms and related areas

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8
votes
0answers
97 views

Nekrasov-Okounkov hook length formula

I am now reading the paper An explicit expansion formula for the powers of the Euler Product in terms of partition hook lengths by Guo-Niu Han. The author rediscovered what he calls ...
5
votes
1answer
152 views

Dimensions of a vector space akin to modular symbols

The group $\operatorname{SL}_2(\mathbb Z)$ acts on polynomials in two variables $\mathbb C[x,y]$ via $A\cdot f(x,y)\mapsto f(A^{-1}.(x,y))$ where $(x,y)$ is regarded as a column vector. There are two ...
5
votes
1answer
189 views

Complete L-function and FE of Rankin-Selberg on GL(2)?

Let $f$ be a Maass cusp form of $\Gamma_0(N)$ on the upper half plane with character $\chi$ mod $N$ and eigenvalue $1/4+\mu^2$. What is the complete $L$-function of the Rankin-Selberg product ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Fourier-Jacobi expansion for Siegel modular forms of non parallel weight

For Siegel modular forms of parallel weight there is a good theory of Fourier-Jacobi expansions (as for example in Faltings-Chai) and I suspect that there is a similar theory for the general case, but ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Submodular Monimization with Cardinality Constraint

I am new to submodular functions and I am reading the introductions to submodular functions and applications ( https://www.ima.umn.edu/optimization/seminar/queyranne.pdf ). In this introduction, it ...
2
votes
0answers
133 views

A question about the paper “The Main Conjecture for $GL(2)$” by Skinner and Urban

I am studying the paper "The Main Conjecture for $GL(2)$" by Skinner and Urban (available here). In this paper, in Section 5.5.3, the authors define a filtration $M_{\underline k}^{n,q}$ on the space ...
-1
votes
0answers
65 views

Show that $\sum_{m \in \mathbb{Z}^3} m_1 e^{z|m|^2} $ is a Holomorphic Cusp Form for $\Gamma_0(4)$

I am reading about the number of ways to express a number as the sum of three squares, $N = x^2 + y^2 + z^2$. For large $N \gg 1$, one can show the solutions $(x,y,z)$ are evenly distributed over ...
7
votes
2answers
349 views

Averages over integer points of the sphere

A paper of William Duke proves that integer points on the sphere are equidistributed: $$ V_n = \{ (x,y,z) \in \mathbb{Z}^2 : x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = n \}. $$ Up to reflections across the $x$, $y$ and $z$ ...
4
votes
1answer
152 views

Is Scholl construction of modular motives related to Deligne's construction of $\ell$-adic representations?

first of all, I need to declare my extreme ignorance on the topic of modular forms, so , please, does not assume that I know Deligne's construction in details. In ...
4
votes
0answers
228 views

The $\ell = p$ case of Ihara's lemma

Let $N \ge 1$ and let $\ell$ and $p$ be primes not dividing $N$. The classical Ihara lemma says that if $Y_1(N, \ell)$ is the modular curve attached to the subgroup $\Gamma_1(N) \cap \Gamma_0(\ell)$, ...
1
vote
0answers
135 views

Coefficients of $f(t)=(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2\pi im^4t})(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2 \pi inm^4t})$

I want to prove that $\forall n \in \mathbb{N}$ at least one of the Fourier coefficients of $f(t)=(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2\pi im^4t})(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2 \pi inm^4t})$ is striclty greater than ...
3
votes
1answer
216 views

New series for $1/\pi$ based on Ramanujan's ideas

In his classic paper "Modular Equations and Approximations to $\pi$ (1914)", Ramanujan gives a standard technique to obtain a general family of series for $1/\pi$ based on series for $(2K/\pi)^{2}$ in ...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

Some clarifications regarding Deligne's paper on $\ell$-adic representations arising from modular forms

I've posted this question few days ago on math.stackexchange because it seems quite superficial. However, since I've got no responses at all, I'm posting it here. If the question is not suitable, ...
2
votes
2answers
169 views

Relations of eisenstein series with eta quotient

Theorem 1.67 On page 19 of Ken Ono's book The Web of Modularity says: Every modular form on $SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$ may be expressed as a rational function in $\eta(z)$, $\eta(2z)$ and $\eta(4z)$. The ...
11
votes
0answers
181 views

Power series which are $p$-adic modular forms for all $p$; a local-to-global principle?

Suppose that, for some integer $k$, a series $f(q) \in \mathbb Q \otimes \mathbb Z[[q]]$ has the property that for every prime $p$, $f(q)$ is the $q$-expansion of a $p$-adic modular form of weight $k$ ...
1
vote
0answers
144 views

Fourier expansions at the cusps of $\Gamma_0(N)$

My question may be basic but I can't find any answer. Let $N$ be a positive integer. I need to find the constant term (of the Fourier series) at each cusps of a modular form ...
6
votes
0answers
242 views

Twisted equivariant modular forms?

I'd like to know where I can find information about a class of objects which I think deserve to be called twisted equivariant modular forms. Let me guess a definition, indicate how it can be made more ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

Fixed field of the Nebentypus of a newform for $\Gamma_1(N)$

Let $f=\sum_{n\geq 1}\in S_2(\Gamma_1(N),\varepsilon)$ be a normalized newform without CM and with Nebentypus $\varepsilon$. Let $L=\mathbb Q(a_n\colon n\in \mathbb N)$ be the number field generated ...
6
votes
1answer
162 views

Mean value of Maass forms

Let $X = SL_2(\mathbb{Z}) \backslash \mathbb{H}$ be the modular surface. Consider a basis of $L^2$-normalized Hecke-Maass cusps forms $\phi_j$ on $X$ with $-\Delta$-eigenvalue $\lambda_j$. ...
5
votes
1answer
316 views

An old conjecture of M.Newman

M.Newman raised several questions in his 1957 paper on modular forms. Definition: $H_n$ is the subclass of all zero-free weakly modular forms of weight 0 on $\Gamma_0(n)$, where $n$ is a composite ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Proving the Eichler-Shimura Isomorphism defines a global section

Let $ f \in S_k(\Gamma)$ be a weight k modular cusp form of level $\Gamma$, with modular curve $Y_{\Gamma}$. Let $V^{k-2}$ be the homogenous polynomials in X and Y of degree k-2 with complex ...
3
votes
2answers
166 views

Examples of component crossing between families of modular forms

Is there a reference that contains explicit examples of component crossing of Hida families at height one primes? The paper of Emerton, Pollack, and Weston addresses component crossing obtained ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

On $e^{\pi\sqrt{4\cdot163}}$ and unusual connections

We are familiar with the expansion of the j-function, $$j(\tau) = \tfrac{1}{q}+744+ 196884{q} + 21493760{q}^2 + \dots\tag1$$ and maybe with the approximation, $$e^{\pi\sqrt{652}} = ...
5
votes
0answers
100 views

Logarithmic view on the classical Eichler–Shimura isomorphism

[Apologies ahead of time that this question is (1) quite heavy in laying out notations, and (2) of the can-you-spot-my-error variety.] I am trying to recast the Eichler–Shimura isomorphism as a ...
3
votes
2answers
143 views

Can the pre-image of the real points in the complex upper-half plane of a modular elliptic curve under the modular parametrization be identified?

Consider an elliptic curve $E/\Bbb Q$ and let $\Phi:\Gamma_0(N)\backslash\overline{\mathfrak{H}}\rightarrow E(\Bbb C)$ be the analytical description of its modular parametrization. We know that this ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Intersection of ordinary subspaces at different primes

Choose two distinct primes $\ell$ and $\ell'$, and embeddings $\iota_\ell : \overline{\mathbb Q} \to \overline{\mathbb Q_\ell}$, $\iota_{\ell'} : \overline{\mathbb Q} \to \overline{\mathbb ...
5
votes
1answer
487 views

Modular forms and “too many symmetries”

How do we interpret Barry Mazur's quote of Modular forms are functions on the complex plane that are inordinately symmetric. They satisfy so many internal symmetries that their mere existence ...
10
votes
1answer
214 views

String Orientation and Level Structures

Atiyah, Bott and Shapiro defined orientations of real and complex K-theory that were later refined to maps of ($E_\infty$-ring) spectra $$MSpin \to KO$$ and $$MSpin^c \to KU.$$ Likewise, but more ...
28
votes
3answers
1k views

Why do Pell equations appear in Ramanujan's pi formulas?

While answering this MSE question about the Pell equation $x^2-29y^2=1$, I noticed that certain fundamental solutions appeared in Ramanujan's famous pi formula. I. Given the fundamental unit, ...
0
votes
0answers
134 views

Is the Jacobi theta function invertible?

Let $\theta$ denote the Jacobi theta function: $$\theta=\sum_{k=0}^{\infty}{(-1)^kq^{k(k+1)}sin((2k+1)\frac{2\pi}{\omega_1}Re(z))},$$ and we have a complex number $t$. Suppose that we know there ...
5
votes
0answers
67 views

(Eichler-Shimura Isomorphism) Proving c(f) is not a boundary

I have seen a couple of questions related to the Eichler-Shimura Isomorphism, but almost all of them have to do with hodge theory (things I am unfamiliar with) and seem, to me, different/unrelated. ...
1
vote
0answers
114 views

Automorphism group of a modular curve and its action on the set of cusps

Let $X$ be a modular curve, that is the compact Riemann surface obtained by adding cusps to a quotient $Y=Y_\Gamma=\mathbb H/\Gamma$ of Poincaré upper half-plane $\mathbb H$ by a congruence subgroup ...
9
votes
1answer
353 views

Eichler-Shimura congruence

I'm trying to understand the Eichler-Shimura congruence which relates the Hecke operator $T_p$ to Frobenius at $p$ in characteristic $p$. Two possible ways to compute $T_p$ mod $p$ seem to be: A) ...
10
votes
1answer
590 views

Questions about the “universal elliptic curve” over the affine $j$-line punctured at 0 and 1728

So my question refers to families of elliptic curves over the $\mathbb{A}^1_\mathbb{C}\setminus\{0,1728\}$ whose fiber above a point $j$ has $j$-invariant equal to $j$ (I understand it's not ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

Voronoi formula and twists by additive characters

I was wondering if there are any references for the error term in the problem $$\sum_{n\leq x} r(n) \exp(2\pi i\frac{a}{q}n)$$ where $r(n)$ is the number of representations of $n$ as a sum of two ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

Petersson-product of the cusp part of the theta series

Who can help me solving this problem: $Q:\mathbb{Z}^{2k}\to \mathbb{Z}$ is any positive definite integer -valued quadratic form in $2k$ variables, then it is well known, that the thetaseries ...
2
votes
0answers
105 views

Hodge Bundles on Tropical Spaces

I am not sure that this question even makes sense, which I suppose is part of the questions itself. In any case, I attended a talk recently wherin there was some discussion about a "tropical ...
4
votes
0answers
40 views

Counting cosets of matrices of determinant > 1 under the action of a congruence subgroup

I tried asking this on math exchange, but no luck, so thought I'd try here. Let $M_2(m,\mathbb{Z}) $ be the $2\times 2$ matrices with integer entries and determinant $m$. Let $\Gamma^0(N)$ be the ...
12
votes
0answers
192 views

What's the dimension of the space of CM cusp forms?

I would guess that the following is very well known, but I don't know the answer and I couldn't find anything with some googling. Let $\Gamma \subset \mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbf Z)$ be a congruence ...
6
votes
3answers
396 views

Asymptotic formulas for Monster-related modular functions?

Define the following, $$j(\tau) = \Big(\tfrac{E_4(\tau)}{\eta^8(\tau)}\Big)^3 = {1 \over q} + 744 + \color{blue}{196884} q + 21493760 q^2 + 864299970 q^3 + \cdots \tag{1}$$ $$j_{2A}(\tau) ...
14
votes
1answer
399 views

Special fiber of $X(p)$ in characteristic $p$

Let $p \geq 5$ be a prime. Let $Y(p)$ be the fine moduli space representing elliptic curves + basis of the $p$-torsion over $\mathbb{Q}_p$ and let $Y_1(p)$ be the fine moduli space representing ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

A curious property of Ramanujan's function $\tau(n)$

As it is well known, Ramanujan's $\tau(n)$ function can be defined through the power series expansion of the modular discriminant: $$\Delta(q)=q\prod\limits_{n=1}^\infty (1-q^n)^{24}=\sum ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Slope decomposition of a product of operators

I'm trying to relate the slope decomposition of a product of linear operators to the slope decompositions with regard to each of the operators in the product. First I'll give some background, for ...
6
votes
1answer
293 views

Cusps forms for $\Gamma (N)$

I know how to build a basis of the vector space of cusp forms for the congruence subgroups $\Gamma_1 (N)$ and $\Gamma_0 (N)$, but I couldn't find in the literature how to build a basis for ...
6
votes
2answers
474 views

Characterizing the real analytic Eisenstein series

Consider the classical real analytic Eisenstein series $$ E(z,s)=\left(\pi^{-s}\Gamma(s)\frac{1}{2}\right)\sum_{(m,n)\neq(0,0)}\frac{y^s}{|mz+n|^{2s}}, $$ where $z=x+iy$. We think of $E(z,s)$ as a ...
6
votes
0answers
198 views

Moduli interpretation of Eisenstein series

Let $N \geq 11$ be an integer and consider the basis of Eisenstein series for $M_2(\Gamma_0(N))$ described in Theorem $4.6.2$ of Diamond--Shurman's book. Pick and Eisenstein series $F$ in this basis. ...
9
votes
0answers
141 views

Weyl law for Maass forms with nontrivial character

The classical Weyl law for $\Gamma = \mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{Z})$ counts the number of Maass cusp forms on $\Gamma \backslash \mathbb{H}$ with Laplace eigenvalue less than $T$. This is originally due to ...
3
votes
0answers
162 views

Fourier expansions of newforms at width-1 cusps

Let $f_E$ be the newform attached to the Elliptic Curve $E$ with cremona label $\textbf{100a1}$ and let $\alpha = \left[\begin{matrix} 1&0 \\ 10&1 \end{matrix}\right] \in SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$. ...
6
votes
1answer
152 views

Cuspidal modular forms - toroidal or minimal compactification?

Let $Y$ be a Siegel variety and let $X$ be a toroidal compactification of $Y$. For any tuple of integers $\underline k$ we have the usual sheaf $\omega^{\underline k}$. The space of modular forms of ...
10
votes
1answer
371 views

Holomorphic cusp forms and cohomology of GL(2,Z)

Let $V_{k}$ denote the complex representation of $\mathrm{GL}(2)$ given by $\mathrm{Sym}^k(V)$, where $V$ is the defining 2-dimensional representation. Assume that $k$ is even. I would like to compute ...