# Tagged Questions

**2**

votes

**0**answers

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### Is this fragment of arithmetic on $p^{-\infty} {\mathbb Z}$ decidable?

Let $p$ be a prime number. Consider the abelian group $p^{-\infty} {\mathbb Z} = \bigcup p^{-n} {\mathbb Z}$ consisting of rational numbers whose denominator is a power of $p$, under addition.
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**7**

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**4**answers

539 views

### Reference Request: Non-Standard Models of PA

I am attempting to write an expository paper on non-standard models of PA that is accesible to students taking an introductory graduate course in mathematical logic (covering Godel's incompleteness ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

546 views

### Weakest subsystems of second order arithmetic for mathematical logic

It is known that to prove completeness of first-order logic for countable languages WKL0 is enough. But, is it the weakest subsystem where one can prove it?
What about the incompleteness theorems? Is ...

**22**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Composite pairs of the form n!-1 and n!+1

It's well known that the numbers of the form $n!\pm1$ are not always prime. Indeed, Wilson's Theorem guarantees that $(p-2)!-1$ and $(p-1)!+1$ are composite for every prime number $p > 5$.
Is ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Incompleteness and nonstandard models of arithmetic

The following are a collection of doubts, some of which shall have concrete answers while others may have not. Any kind of help will be welcome.
Reading Peter Smith's "GĂ¶del Without (Too Many) ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

895 views

### models of PA which are isomorphic but not elementarily equivalent?

On page 164 of his book Models of Peano Arithmetic, Kaye states Friedman's Theorem:
Let $M{\vDash}PA$ be nonstandard and countable, let $a\in M$ and let $n\in {\mathbb N}$. Then there is a proper ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

834 views

### A question about open induction

An old theorem of A. J. Wilkie (Some results and problems on weak systems of arithmetic, Logic Colloquium '77) asserts that a discretely ordered ring $R$ can be extended to a model of open induction ...