Euclidean, hyperbolic, discrete, convex, coarse geometry, comparisons in Riemannian geometry, symmetric spaces.

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10
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1answer
237 views

If all balls around fixed basepoints are isometric, are the spaces as well (length spaces)?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two complete proper length spaces, $x \in X$ and $y \in Y$. Assume for every $r>0$ the closed balls $\overline{B_r(x)}$ and $\overline{B_r(y)}$ are isometric. Does there exist ...
7
votes
2answers
682 views

Square of the distance function on a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold. Consider the square of the distance function $$dist^2\colon M\times M\to \mathbb{R}$$ given by $(x,y)\mapsto dist^2(x,y)$. It is easy to see that this ...
2
votes
1answer
168 views

Embedding graphs into hyperbolic spaces

Do we know of a characterization as to when does a graph have a "good" embedding into a hyperbolic space? (And does having such an embedding have a spectral or wavelet analysis signature?) I don't ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Is a cocompact CAT(0) periodic?

Let $X$ be a CAT(0) space and $G$ its group of isometries. Then $X$ is said to be cocompact, if there exists a compact set $K\subset X$ with $X=G.K$. The space $X$ is called periodic, if there exists ...
9
votes
4answers
623 views

Is this an instance of any existing convex pentagonal tilings?

Inspired by Wikipedia's article on pentagonal tiling, I made my own attempt. I believe this belongs to the 4-tile lattice category, because it's composed of pentagons pointing towards 4 different ...
14
votes
1answer
802 views

Is it possible for a metric on a smooth manifold to be smooth?

Are there any smooth manifolds $M$ with the following property: There exist a realizing metric $d$ (i.e $d$ induces the topology on $M$), and $d$ is smooth on all of $M \times M$? If not, is it ...
4
votes
0answers
91 views

Tetrahedron incenter iteration tree

This is driven more by curiosity than by research, but nevertheless may be of some interest. Start with a regular tetrahedron $T$ with corners $(a,b,c,d)$, and let $x$ be its incenter—the ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Obtaining a quasi-isometry of the 'boundary'

It is well-known that a quasi-isometry induces a homeomorphism on the space of ends of say a locally finite graph for simplicity. Clearly the converse is not true. In other words the concept of ends ...
5
votes
3answers
275 views

set of centers of sphere inscribed in tetrahedron

Having a sphere and three diffrent point $A,B,C$ on this sphere. Find set of all centers of spheres inscribed in a tetrahedron $ABCD$, where $D$ is some point on the given sphere. The problem reduced ...
10
votes
2answers
373 views

Is every metric space quasi-isometric to a graph?

I've proved that if $(X, d)$ is a geodesic metric space then there exists a graph which is quasi-isometric to $X$...during this proof I've precisely used the fact that given two point in $X$ there ...
7
votes
2answers
149 views

Kissing number and overlapping number

Let $S$ be a certain family of geometric objects (e.g, the family of unit squares). The kissing number of $S$ is the maximum number of nonoverlapping elements of $S$ that can touch one element of ...
0
votes
0answers
181 views

Best measure for curve similarity

I would like to measure similarity between two curves represented by two arrays of points. The similarity measure should not depend on the size of these shapes. Two similar shapes but have different ...
1
vote
0answers
123 views

understanding geometry of eigen values of Ricci tensor [closed]

As per I can visualize the eigen value $\lambda$ of a linear map $T:V \rightarrow V$, defined by $Tv=\lambda v$, is actually the scaling factor of the vector in the same direction as of $v$.My ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Understanding the definition of an F-connected simplicial complex

I'm reading the classic paper "Harmonic maps into singular spaces and p-adic superrigidity for lattices in groups of rank one" by Gromov-Schoen. In Section 6, they define the notion of F-connectedness ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Is there a curve on a surface where an integrable function is pointwise bounded?

I consider $\Sigma:=S^2$, as a unit radius sphere in $\mathbb R^3$ so that it has an induced metric, measure etc on it. Is the following statement true? For a large constant $K$, there exist ...
6
votes
4answers
445 views

SO$(4)$ (& SO$(n)$) characterization?

I believe it is the case that any finite subgroup of SO$(3)$ (the $3 \times 3$ orthogonal matrices of determinant $1$) is either a cyclic group $C_n$, or a dihedral group $D_n$, or one of the groups ...
3
votes
0answers
231 views

Why only Normed Linear Spaces? [closed]

It is well known that "Norm on a vector space can be used to obtain a metric on that space." I think easily we can generalize the notion of norms to groups and rings. My questions are, Why ...
27
votes
3answers
2k views

Distributing points evenly on a sphere

I am looking for an algorithm to put $n$-points on a sphere, so that the minimum distance between any two points is as large as possible. I have found some related questions on stackoverflow but ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

c-superdifferential is unique +cost function is differentiable, then the potential function is differentiable?

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold, $\mu$ and $\nu$ are two Borel probability measures, the cost function $c(x,y)=\frac{d^2(x,y)}{2}$. It's well known that the infimum of the Kontorovich's ...
4
votes
0answers
128 views

Gromov's compactness theorem for manifolds with boundary

The Gromov's compactness theorem says that if $\{M_i^n\}$ is a sequence of closed Riemannian manifolds of dimension $n$ with uniformly bounded diameter and uniformly bounded from below Ricci curvature ...
0
votes
2answers
103 views

Pairwise distance distribution for point clouds (normal distribution) [closed]

I have a point cloud (2D for now) of $N$ normally distributed points (with a certain $\sigma$). My first question would be how the pairwise distance distribution looks (just by chance I discovered a ...
13
votes
1answer
523 views

On the global structure of the Gromov-Hausdorff metric space

This is a purely idle question, which emerged during a conversation with a friend about what is (not) known about the space of compact metric spaces. I originally asked this question at ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Concave functions on a cone over Alexandrov space

Let $\Sigma$ be an Alexandrov space of curvature $\geq 1$ without boundary. Let $X$ be the cone over $\Sigma$. $X$ is well known to be non-negatively curved. Let $f\colon X\to \mathbb{R}$ be a ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Two geodesics with angle $\pi$ in Alexandrov space

Let two geodesic segments in an Alexandrov space with curvature bounded from below start at the same point and the angle between them equals $\pi$. It is possible that these segments are not the two ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Perimeters of the cells of a convex tessellation

Let $C$ be a compact, convex region in $\mathbb{R}^2$, and say we have scalars $a_i, b_i, c_i$ for $i\in\{1,\dots,n\}$. Consider the tessellation $R_1,\dots,R_n$ of $C$ defined by letting ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Inscribed polytopal approximation to a convex body

This question is on the continuation of the post Approximation of convex body by polytopes The central problem I am interested is an explicit construction of inscribed polytope with at most $n$ ...
0
votes
0answers
149 views

How to change the given metric if we want to add few extra isometries?

I have a Hilbert Space $X$ and a group $G$, which consists of bounded linear self-bijections of $X$ (if it helps, this group has a locally compact, but not compact topology). Is there a canonical way ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Maximal $\pi/2$-separated subset of the sphere

A subset $A$ of a metric space is called $\varepsilon$-separated if $$dist(x,y)> \varepsilon \mbox{ for all } x\ne y\in A.$$ (Notice that the inequality in my definition is strict.) What is the ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

Why is a negatively curved cone surface locally CAT(-1)?

Recently I'm reading a paper about the rigidity of negatively curved cone surfaces written by S. Hersonsky and F. Paulin. The authors said that a negatively curved cone surface is locally CAT(-1). But ...
5
votes
2answers
217 views

Does a continuous map $f$ from the $n$-ball $B$ into $R^n$ such that $B\subset f(B)$ have a fixed point?

If $f$ is a continuous map from the $n$-ball $B$ into itself, the Brouwer fixed point theorem guarantees a fixed point. What if we assume that $f$ maps $B$ into all $R^n$, and $f(B)$ contains $B$? For ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

An optimality condition for the corners of convex polytopes?

Let $H,H'\subset\mathbb{R}^m$ be two hyperplanes with unit normal-vector, and let $P\subset\mathbb{R^m}$ be a convex polytope (defined via its corners $v_0, ... , v_n$, where $n\ge m$). Let's ...
7
votes
1answer
422 views

Approximating a real by a ratio of primes

Let $x$ and $y$ be positive reals in $(0,1)$ with $x < y$ and $y-x =\epsilon$. I seek smallest primes $p$ and $q$ such that $$x \le \frac{p}{q} \le (x+\epsilon) = y \;.$$ Q. What upper bound ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

How does the singular surfaces obtained when the border of a Euclidean set becomes a point look like?

I'm curious to understand in several manner, what is the metric geometry of the metric space homeomorphic to a sphere, obtained from a compact convex set $K\subset R^2$ with the Euclidean distance, ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

The circle with minimal radius covering known finite set of points on a plane

Given some points on a plane, how to determine the circle with minimal radius covering all these points?
4
votes
0answers
139 views

Equidistribution of spheres in $\mathbb{R^2}/\mathbb{Z^2}$

Let $\mathbb{H^2}$ be the hyperbolic upper half place, and let $\Gamma$ be a lattice in $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$ acting on $\mathbb{H^2}$. A proof of the equidistribution of spheres on $\mathbb{H^2/\Gamma}$ ...
30
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there a subset of the plane that meets every line in two open intervals?

Using the Axiom of Choice, it is possible to construct a subset of the plane that meets every line in two points (these are called "$2$-point sets"). What if, instead of points, we ask for two open ...
5
votes
0answers
118 views

Visibility in a prime orchard

This suggests a variant on Polya's orchard problem. That problem asks1 for which radius $\epsilon$ of trees at each lattice point within a distance $R$ of the origin block all lines of sight to the ...
6
votes
0answers
219 views

$C^1$ regularity of harmonic functions on Riemannian manifolds

Consider a smooth, connected and complete Riemannian manifold $M$. It is well known that harmonic functions defined on some open subset of $M$ are $C^\infty$. I'm interested in knowing whether there ...
18
votes
5answers
2k views

How to explain the concentration-of-measure phenomenon intuitively?

One way to phrase the "concentration-of-measure" phenomenon is that, for a Euclidean sphere $S^d$ in $d$ dimensions, for large $d$, "most of the mass is close to the equator, for any equator."1 ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Gradient of distance function at cut points on Alexandrov spaces

Let $M$ be an $n$-dim Alexandrov space with curvature bounded below $sec \geqslant k$, possibly non-compact. We assume that $M$ has no boundary for simplicity. For a compact subset $K \subset M$, the ...
6
votes
1answer
323 views

Length of nearest neighbor path in travel salesman problem

Given $n$ nodes uniformly distributed in $[0,1]^2$, consider the nearest neighbor algorithm to solve traveling salesman problem, i.e., each time I select the nearest neighbor not visited so far as the ...
13
votes
2answers
486 views

A probability distribution in n dimensional space which its projection on any line is a uniform distribution?

Does there exist, for any natural $n$, a probability distribution in $\mathbb{R}^n$ whose projection on any line is a uniform distribution?
9
votes
2answers
313 views

Book on the tetrahedron

Does anybody know of a book containing "all you want to know about the tetrahedron"? What you want to know should include basic geometry of the tetrahedron, study of orthocentric tetrahedra, the Monge ...
5
votes
1answer
215 views

Measurement of “symmetry” of a convex body

I often hear that the regular simplex is "the least" symmetric convex body, and I've heard that there are some measures of symmetry of a body, that the simplex minimizes. Could you please explain or ...
3
votes
1answer
160 views

Number of lines of symmetry of a set of lattice points

Given some finite $S\subseteq\mathbb R^2$, it is clearly possible for $S$ to have arbitrarily many lines of symmetry. However, it is not very clear if the same is necessarily true for subsets of ...
9
votes
4answers
290 views

Diameter of random segment intersection graph?

I have an even number of points $n$ randomly distributed (uniformly) in a disk. Then the points are randomly connected to form $n/2$ segments, a perfect matching. Finally, I form the intersection ...
9
votes
2answers
215 views

Continuity of length and area

Let $C_n$ be a sequence of rectifiable simple closed curves in $\mathbb{R}^2$ that converge to a rectifiable simple closed curve $D$ in the Hausdorff topology. It is easy to construct examples where ...
2
votes
0answers
417 views

Vafa's semi-Ricci flat metric

Cumrun Vafa with Greene-Shapere-Yau introduced semi-Ricci flat metric here B. Greene, A. Shapere, C. Vafa, and S.-T. Yau. Stringy cosmic strings and noncompact Calabi-Yau manifolds. Nuclear Physics ...
0
votes
0answers
239 views

Gromov-Hausdorff distance measure between minimum spanning trees

I am trying to compare minimum spanning trees through time. I have two questions: 1-Is it possible to measure the similarity between two minimum spanning trees with Gromov-Hausdorff distance measure ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Gauss-Bonnet formula for 2-dimensional Alexandrov spaces

EDIT: Let $S$ be a closed orientable 2-dimensional surface equipped with a metric with curvature $\geq \kappa$ in the sense of Alexandrov. Questions 1. Can one define a measure $K$ on $S$ (thought ...