**1**

vote

**0**answers

105 views

### When is the median closest nearest-neighbor distance larger than the mean closest nearest-neighbor distance?

Consider a random Poisson process in an $d$-dimensional cube of arbitrary size (alternatively, consider an arbitrarily large $(d-1)$-dimensional sphere in an $d$-dimensional space). If we have a ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

637 views

### A special tessellation

Let $P$ be a convex $n$-gon. Suppose that we have an infinite number of $P$s, and that each of them is colored either red or blue. Here, let us consider the following operations :
Operation 1 : Place ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

227 views

### Mapping class group and CAT(0) spaces

I hope the questions are not too vague.
Is the mapping class group of an orientable punctured surface $CAT(0)$ ?
Is any of the remarkable simplicial complexes (curve complex, arc complex...) built ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Fourier analysis for the discrete cube in CAT(0) spaces?

Is there a meaningful Fourier analysis of mappings from the discrete cube into CAT(0) spaces?
Examples for what I have in mind:
Fix a CAT(0) space $X$, a mapping $f:\{-1,1\}^n \to X$, and ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

101 views

### Space of simple polygons on $n$-vertices as a set of points in $\mathbb{R}^{2n}$

A simple polygons in $\mathbb{R}^2$ with $n$ vertices can be mapped to elements in $\mathbb{R}^{2n}$ by list the coordinates of it's vertices. I expect there might be something interesting to study ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Polygon Problem [closed]

There are $N$ regions which are numbered from $1$ to $N$. Each region is represented by a single simple polygon on the 2D plane. Simple polygon means the boundary of the polygon does not cross itself. ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

119 views

### Variations on a problem of S. Mazur

In problem 76 of the Scottish Book Mazur asked
Given a convex body $K$ in three-dimensional space and a point $o$ in its interior, consider the surface $S$ formed by all points $p$ such that the ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

131 views

### Largest inscribed rectangle inside a convex polygon

It has been proved by Radziszewski in this paper
K. Radziszewski. Sur une probleme extremal relatif aux gures inscrites et circonscrites aux gures convexes. Ann. Univ. Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, Sect. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

96 views

### Does John's Ellipsoid preserve subset ordering? [duplicate]

Let $K \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a convex body, symmetric about the origin and with nonempty interior. Then John's theorem asserts that there exists a unique ellipsoid $E$ of minimal volume such that ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

241 views

### Are there quanitative versions of Thurston's geometrization for manifolds which fiber over $S^1$?

The geometrization theorem tells us:
Theorem (Thurston) The mapping torus $M_\phi$ of a pseudo-Anosov diffeomorphism $\phi: S_g \rightarrow S_g$ from a genus $g$ surface to itself admits a ...

**20**

votes

**7**answers

693 views

### Is there always a maximum anti-rectangle with a corner square?

Let $C$ be an axis-parallel orthogonal polygon with a finite number of sides. Define an anti-rectangle in $C$ as a set of small squares in $C$, such that no two of them are covered by a single large ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### Minimum distance larger than a fraction $f$ of the closest nearest-neighbor distances for points placed by a random Poisson process?

Consider a random Poisson process on arbitrarily large volume in $R^d$ enclosed by an $R^{(d-1)}$ dimensional sphere. The process terminates when a density of points $\rho$ is achieved (letting $N$ ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

226 views

### When does heat kernel have both Gaussian upper and lower bounds?

Recently, I am reading Sturm's paper "Analysis on local Dirichlet form III: X is a locally compact separable Hausdorff space and m is a positive Radon measure with supp[m]=X.
$\varepsilon$ is a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

77 views

### method to construct platonic solids from the circumscribed sphere [closed]

I am trying to find a geometrical method of building the platonic solids starting from the circumscribed sphere. I do have a class of generative 3d modeling where we create 3d object programmatically ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

327 views

### Embedding expanders in CAT(0) spaces

It is well-known that expanders are hard to embed into Hilbert (or $\ell^p$) spaces - any embedding of an expander with $n$ vertices has distortion $\Omega(\log n)$.
Can anyone provide a reference ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

248 views

### Hidden points in polygons

Let $h(n)$ be the largest number of mutually invisible points that can be located in a
polygon $P$ of $n$ vertices. Two points $x$ and $y$ are mutually invisible if the segment
$xy$ contains a point ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

518 views

### Infinite desert with waterpoints

UPDATE: I created a simple web-application, that allows the user to move waterpoints around, then automatically calculates a maximum set of interior-disjoint squares between the points (the algorithm ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

124 views

### heat kernel $p_t(x_0,y) \in D(\Delta) \cap L^\infty$ for a manifold with Ricci curvature bounded below?

X is an n-dim Riemannian manifold with the Dirichlet form
$$
\varepsilon (u,v) =-\int_X \langle \nabla u,\nabla v \rangle
$$
for $u,v \in W^{1,2}(X)$.
Let $P_t$ and $p_t(x,y)$ be the associate ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### n-dimensional Delaunay Triangulation of Lattices

I have several questions concerning the Delaunay triangulation of a high dimensional lattice.
Given an $n$-dimensional lattice $L$ and its Delaunay triangulation (partition of $R^n$ into simplices ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

118 views

### Lattice-point-free buffers around circles

Let $C(r)$ be the origin-centered circle of radius $r$,
and let $\beta(r)$ be the exterior buffer around $C(r)$:
the distance from $C(r)$ to the closest lattice point exterior to $C(r)$:
...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

295 views

### Repeating an operation infinitely makes any convex $n$-gon a regular $n$-gon?

For any convex $n$-gon $P_{0,1}P_{0,2}\cdots P_{0,n}$, let us consider the following operation :
Operation : Let $k=0,1,\cdots$. Take $n$ points $P_{k+1,i}\ (i=1,2,\cdots,n)$ outside of $n$-gon ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### About the 'minimum triangle' which includes a convex bounded closed set

Question : Is the following true?
"Letting $K$ be a convex bounded closed set on a plane, then there exists a triangle $M$, which includes $K$, such that $|M|\le 2|K|$. Here, $|M|,|K|$ is the area of ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### Lattice radial-step (ratchet) spirals

(30Oct13: Now solved; see Addendum.)
Define a curve, a ratchet spiral, $S(r_0,\epsilon)$ as follows, where $r_0 > 0$ and $\epsilon < 1$.
$S(r_0,\epsilon)$ begins with the arc ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### $|\nabla f|^2 \in W^{1,2}(M)$ for harmonic function f on manifolds with two nonparabolic ends?

We know that if a complete noncompact manifold M has two nonparabolic ends, then we can construct a nonconstant bounded harmonic function with finite Dirichlet integral defined on the whole M.
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

63 views

### Is the size of $\varepsilon$-nets of the Euclidean ball exponential for large $\varepsilon$

Let $X$ be the unit ball of $(\mathbb{R}^n,\|\cdot\|_2)$. A finite set $N=N(\varepsilon)$ is a $\varepsilon$-net of $X$ if every point in $X$ is at most a distance $\varepsilon$ from a point from $N$.
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Are harmonic maps quasiconformal at the boundary of hyperbolic spaces?

Let $M$ be a hyperbolic $3$-manifold and $X$ a negatively curved, simply connected space with geometric boundary $\partial X$.
If $\rho:\pi_1M\rightarrow Isom(X)$ does not fix a point in $\partial ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### A construction related to scissors congruence

I was thinking about the following some time ago. My question is whether such things have been studied before.
Let $E_n$ be the abelian group with a generator for each (bounded) euclidean polytope of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### The Tangent Bundle of the Space of CR Structures on S^(2n+1)

Let $M$ be a smooth compact $n$-manifold without boundary, $g$ some choice of Riemannian metric on $M$, and $\omega_g$ the volume form gotten from $g$. Say you're interested in finding extrema for ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

222 views

### what's the best way to characterise the distribution of prime elements in simple perfect squared squares

DEFINITIONS: A squared rectangle is a rectangle dissected into a finite number, two or more, of squares, called the elements of the dissection. If no two of these squares have the same size the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### generator of Dirichlet form coincide with the absolute part of the “Laplacian”

Let M be an Riemannian manifold with the Dirichlet form $$\varepsilon (u,v) =-\int_M \langle \nabla u,\nabla v \rangle$$ for $u,v \in W^{1,2}_0(M)$. Let $\Delta^M:D(\Delta^M) \to L^2(M)$ denote the ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

269 views

### Are there locally jammed arrangements of spheres of zero density?

I know of a remarkable result from a paper of
Matthew Kahle (PDF download), that there are arbitrarily low-density
jammed packings of congruent disks in $\mathbb{R}^2$:
In 1964 Böröczky used
a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### Maximal geometric mean of distances between points on an interval

Suppose I had T points in the interval $[0,1]$. Call them $e_1, \dots, e_T$.
Question 1:
What is a good nontrivial bound on the geometric mean of $$\{|e_i - e_j| : 1 \leq i < j \leq T \}, $$ as a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

61 views

### Dirichlet energy with domain $W^{1,2}(M)$ or $W^{1,2}_{loc}(M)$ can be a specific Dirichlet form?

M is a Riemannian manifold, $\varepsilon(f,g)=\int_M \langle {\nabla f,\nabla g}\rangle dvol$.
Then with which domain is $\varepsilon$ a strongly local, regular and tight Dirichlet form?
$W^{1,2}(M)$ ...

**22**

votes

**3**answers

649 views

### Tetrahedron insphere iteration

I know that iterating the following incircle construction approaches an equilateral triangle in the limit:
Starting with any triangle $T$, one forms $T'$ by connecting ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

103 views

### The space of circular triangles?

A circular triangle is a closed simple curve in the Euclidean plane $\mathbb{R}^2$ that can be expressed as the union of three circular arcs. Data naturally associated with such a figure includes:
...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

237 views

### How to construct a harmonic function with non-zero gradient on manifold with two nonparabolic ends?

We know that if a complete noncompact manifold M has two nonparabolic ends, then we can construct a nonconstant bounded harmonic function with finite Dirichlet integral defined on the whole $M$.
More ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Probability of disc-disc overlap for discs placed with uniform probability on a surface until a density $\rho$ is achieved

Imagine I place discs of radius $r$ on a two-dimensional plane, selecting their positions with uniform probability across the surface of the plane, and stop when I reach a disc density $\rho$. As a ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

240 views

### Sphere - Symmetry and Triangulation [closed]

The sphere is symmetric with respect to any rotation. However, it loses this property as soon as it is triangulated. Are there sequences of triangulations that possess particular large symmetry groups ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

149 views

### Width of a random convex polygon

Consider a planar (2D) random walk comprised of N steps.
Consider the minimum convex polygon enclosing the N points visited by the random walker.
Assume the definition of the width of a convex ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

55 views

### Optimal radiating $(d{-}1)$-flats within a sphere

Permit me to revisit an earlier unresolved MO question,
"Chord arrangement that avoids confining small or large disks"
with a (very!) specific version, inspired by radiation therapy.
The main idea is ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### Intuition behind minimizing the Dirichlet energy of a mapping

What does minimizing the Dirichlet energy of a mapping $\Phi$ achieve intuitively?
Roughly it is the integral (or sum, if discrete) of $|\nabla \Phi(\;)|^2 dV$, with $V$ the volume.
So is it, in some ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### Soddy-type relation for Steiner chains

For Steiner $n$-chains of circles of radii $r_1,\dots,r_n$ tangent to an inner circle of radius $r_-$ and an outer circle of radius $r_+$, is there a Soddy-type relation between the $n+2$ quantities ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

868 views

### Heat flow $P_tf \to f$ in $W^{1,2}$ for $f \in W^{1,2}$?

$\varepsilon:L^2(X,m) \to [0,\infty]$ is a strongly local, symmetric Dirichlet form generating a Markov semigroup $(P_t)_{t\ge0}$ in $L^2(X,m)$. Let $D(\varepsilon)=\{f\in ...

**-4**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### Space packing fraction of tetrahedron and octahedron [closed]

If four equal size spheres form close-packed tetrahedron, what is the fraction of space that is occupied/unoccupied by the spheres in the tetrahedron.
Similarly, if six equal size spheres form ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

439 views

### Separating pairs of points in R^n

Let $A$ be a set of $2k$ points in $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that no open set in $\mathbb{R}^n$ of diameter $2$ contains more than $k$ of these points. What is the largest possible distance $r_n>0$ one ...

**24**

votes

**3**answers

885 views

### About the ratio of the areas of a convex pentagon and the inner pentagon made by the five diagonals

Question : Letting $S{^\prime}$ be the area of the inner pentagon made by the five diagonals of a convex pentagon whose area is $S$, then find the max of $\frac{S^\prime}{S}$.
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### A few questions about Banach spaces all of whose “points” are infinite sequences of real numbers

I shall call these spaces "sequence spaces". While there exist well known separable Banach spaces that have subsets which are isometric to every separable metric space, I never heard of any separable ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### Best and worst centrally symmetric convex covering shapes

Suppose you have a centrally symmetric convex 2D shape $C$ of area $A$, and you randomly throw
down copies of $C$ on the plane so that each $C$-center lies within a given unit square $S$,
until $S$ is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

72 views

### Equidissection of square [duplicate]

Monsky's Theorem states:
One cannot dissect a square into an uneven number of triangles with equal area.
I was wondering how close one could get to a equidissection, i.e.
For $n$ an uneven ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### A question about metric spaces that are compact and denumerably infinite

Let S be any compact and denumerably infinite metric space and let d be the metric of S. We shall say that S satisfies condition C, if there exists at least one infinite ...