Euclidean, hyperbolic, discrete, convex, coarse geometry, comparisons in Riemannian geometry, symmetric spaces.

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6
votes
1answer
98 views

Countable subcover of half-open cylinders

While preparing a lecture on dynamic programming principle in optimal stochastic control after the book of Touzi, I discovered a gap in the proof of DPP (page 28 of the book). Here I simplify the ...
1
vote
2answers
203 views

Geodesic on Banach Manifold [closed]

Is there a way of defining a geodesic on a Banach Manifold $M$ which is not itself a Hilbert Manifold?
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Why simple closed curves are dense in $\mathcal{PML}_0(S)$?

I have another question about laminations on surfaces. As usual let $\mathcal{S}$ be the set of homotopy classes of simple closed curves in $S$ and $\mathcal{PML}_0(S)$ be the set of projective ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Shortest paths stepping on rational points of height $h$

Q. Do shortest paths walking between rational points of height $h$ ever properly cross themselves? Explaining this question takes a bit of definitional exposition. First, I copy definitions from ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Why is $\mathcal{PML}_0(S)$ compact?

I'm starting to study geodesic laminations on hyperbolic surfaces and in particular I'm focusing my attention on $\mathcal{PML}_0(S)$, the space of projective classes of measured geodesic laminations ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Coordinate chart of concave functions near a regular point in Alexandrov spaces

Let $M$ be an Alexandrov space with curvature $\geqslant -1$. Then we have the following theorem which is often used to perturb a regular point to points we want. Let $g_0$ be a $\lambda$-...
11
votes
1answer
408 views

Strong equivalence between intrinsic and extrinsic metrics on $GL_n^+$?

$\newcommand{\til}{\tilde}$ Lately, I have become interested in comparing intrinsic and extrinsic metrics on Riemannian manifolds. Consider $GL_n^+$ (invertible matrices , $\det >0$) as an open ...
15
votes
2answers
593 views

Algebraic surface of constant width?

Does there exist an irreducible polynomial $f \in \mathbb{R}[x, y, z]$ such that: $$ V := \{ (x, y, z) \in \mathbb{R}^3 : f(x, y, z) \leq 0 \} $$ is a solid of constant width with a finite symmetry ...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

Equidistribution of Brillouin zones

Answering the question about Limiting shape for Brillouin zones Victor Kleptsyn proved that $N$th Brillouin zone is very close to a circle of radius $c\sqrt N$ (you can find all necessary definitions ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

Gromov-Hausdroff convergence for Alexandrov spaces

Let $\{X_n\}_{n=1}^\infty$ be a sequence of compact Alexandrov spaces (with curvature $\geq k$) converging to (in the sense of Gromov-Hausdroff convergence) an Alexandrov spaces $X$, and $f_n:X_n\...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

How many points are in such set with the same norm-2

Let $L=[a,b]\cap\mathbb{N}$ with $a,b\in\mathbb{N}$, let $D\in\mathbb{N}$, and let $C=L^D$. Then I would like to know how many points are there in $C$ with the same given norm-2 $d$. I.e., I'm looking ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

How to show it is contained in a convex hull?

There are $(d+1)f$ points (denote the set of all points as $S$) in $\mathbb{R}^d$, that can be divide into $d+1$ disjoint sets $F_1,...,F_{d+1}$, each set of size $f$. If we have $$ \mathcal{H}(F_i)\...
8
votes
2answers
302 views

Constructing a function over a metric space through given points

Suppose there is a compact metric space $(X,\rho)$ and a Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^n$. There is a sequence of unequal points $\{x_1,...x_N\}$ in $X$ such that all metrics $\rho(x_i,x_j)$ are known ...
11
votes
0answers
119 views

GPS calculations under $L^p$ norms

GPS calculations require finding a sphere externally tangent to four given spheres, an Apollonian problem in $\mathbb{R}^3$. The center of that fifth sphere is one of the $16$ possible solutions to ...
4
votes
1answer
202 views

Combinatorial description of a 120-cell

I'd like a combinatorial description of the 1-skeleton of the 120-cell (roughly) along the lines of the following description of the 1-skeleton of a dodecahedron. (View all elements of product sets ...
6
votes
0answers
113 views

Connectedness of cones in the boundary of a 1-ended hyperbolic group

Let $G$ be a one-ended hyperbolic group. We can think of the boundary of $G$ as consisting of geodesic rays originating at the identity in some Cayley graph, modulo the relationship of being ...
6
votes
1answer
118 views

Self-avoiding/reflecting geodesics on a convex surface

Let $S$ be the surface of a convex body embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$. For me $S$ is a convex polyhedron, but I am happy to view $S$ as a smooth body with positive Gaussian curvature at each point, or ...
12
votes
1answer
345 views

Limiting shape for Brillouin zones

Is it true that the limiting shape for Brillouin zones (for any lattice) is a circle? You can find the definition and the step by step construction of Brillouin zones here. This picture is taken from ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

what's the formula of the inradius of a general simplex? [closed]

As the title, I just want to know whether there is a general formula for calculating the inradius of a n-simplex. Thank you!
29
votes
5answers
1k views

Tiling the plane with incongruent isosceles triangles

It is not difficult to tile the plane with incongruent triangles. One could tile with equilateral triangles, and then partition each equilateral into three triangles, displacing their common ...
5
votes
1answer
192 views

Convergence in the proof of Crofton's Formula

Let $\mathcal{L}$ be the set of oriented lines in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and let $\mu$ be the Kinematic Measure on $\mathcal{L}$; up to scaling, $\mu$ comes from the unique (up to scaling) volume form on $\...
24
votes
0answers
489 views

Isometric embeddings of finite subsets of $\ell_2$ into infinite-dimensional Banach spaces

Question: Does there exist a finite subset $F$ of $\ell_2$ and an infinite-dimensional Banach space $X$ such that $F$ does not admit an isometric embedding into $X$? There are some results of the ...
5
votes
1answer
162 views

Intersection of rotating regular polygons

This question has a recreational flavor, but may not be entirely uninteresting. Let $P_k$ be a unit-radius regular polygon of $k$ sides, and $P_n$ a unit-radius regular polygon of $n \ge k$ sides. ...
5
votes
1answer
78 views

Determining the stretch of a cluster of points

I am trying to determine a metric for measuring cluster stretch. Let C be a cluster of points P0,P1,...,Pn in a two dimensional space with same units. I need a metric that will allow me to ...
6
votes
2answers
320 views

Motivation for Hirzebruch-Jung Modified Euclidean Algorithm

Let $a,b \in \mathbb{N} \ \ s.t. \ \ a > b$ have $\gcd(a,b) =1$. We can define the Hirzebruch-Jung modified euclidean algorithm as follows: Let $e_i \in \mathbb{N} >2$, and $ r_k \in \mathbb{N}$...
6
votes
3answers
403 views

Defining Euler's number via elementary euclidean geometry (and a dimension limit)

Let $B_n$ be a closed ball in euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^n$, and consider the largest cube $Q_n$ contained in $B_n$. Then, let $C_n$ be a cube of maximal size that is contained in $B_n$ and disjoint ...
4
votes
0answers
82 views

Finding closest set of K disjoint hyperspheres to a point in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with uniform radius

I am interested in the following problem: in $\mathbb{R}^n$, we have $N$ overlapping hyperspheres all with the same radius. Given a point $p$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$, the objective is to find the $K$ non ...
7
votes
2answers
309 views

Closed curve whose neighborhood is as large as possible

Let $C$ be a closed curve in the plane and let $N_\epsilon(C)$ be an $\epsilon$-neighborhood of $C$, like this: (ignore the fact that the "curve" is polygonal in this picture, I drew it in MATLAB) ...
25
votes
0answers
527 views

Tiling a square with rectangles

Is it possible to completely tile a square with different rectangles of integer sides but all with the same area? The original problem, not requiring integer sides for rectangles, was proposed by Joe ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

Of the standard distance metrics, which ones can/cannot be embedded in Euclidean space?

Given the discussion from: Representability of finite metric spaces it appears that a 1974 paper by Morgan gives the criteria for when a distance metric can be embedded in Euclidean space. My first ...
8
votes
2answers
341 views

Does the hyperdeterminant calculate a quantity akin to the volume of a parallelepiped?

If $M$ is an $n \times n$ matrix, $|\det(M)|$ is the volume of the $n$-dimensional parallelepiped spanned by the column vectors of $M$.                 &...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

Quantitative version of the splitting theorem

The classical splitting theorem (Toponogov, Milka) says that if a smooth complete Riemannian manifold (more generally, Alexandrov space) $M^n$ of non-negative sectional curvature contains a line (i.e. ...
3
votes
0answers
155 views

ricci flow on surfaces

In Hamiltons paper "Ricci flow on surfaces" there is an estimate on $|\nabla R|^2$ which shows that $|\nabla R|^2 \leq C_1 \exp{\frac{rt}{2}}$ for some constant $C_1$. Actually for any solution of the ...
14
votes
0answers
109 views

A kaleidoscopic coloring of the plane

Is there a partition $\mathbb R^2=A\sqcup B$ of the Euclidean plane into two Lebesgue measurable sets such that for any disk $D$ of the unit radius we get $\lambda(A\cap D)=\lambda(B\cap D)=\frac12\...
6
votes
1answer
139 views

Existence of a measurable map between metric spaces

Let $X$ and $Y$ be separable complete metric spaces (if necessary, they may be assumed to be compact). Let $R\subset X\times Y$ be a closed subset such that the projection of $R$ to $X$ is onto. Is ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Is the boundary of Alexandrov space again an Alexandrov space?

Let $X$ be a finite dimensional (possibly compact) Alexandrov space with curvature $\geq K$. Is it true that its boundary is again Alexandrov space with curvature bounded from below? If yes, is the ...
6
votes
2answers
104 views

Equality of triangles in normed spaces

Hilbert space satisfies the following condition: if two triangles $\triangle ABC$, $\triangle A_1B_1C_1$ have equal sides lengths: $|AB|=|A_1B_1|$, $|BC|=|B_1C_1|$, $|AC|=|A_1C_1|$ they also have ...
12
votes
2answers
425 views

Embedding Z into Z^2 with large distortion

Is it possible to find a 2-way infinite (self-avoiding) path $\{x_i\}_{i\in \mathbb Z}$ in the standard Cayley graph of $\mathbb Z^2$, i.e. the square grid, such that the distance between $x_i$ and $...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

A property of geodesic triangles in Alexandrov spaces

Let $X$ be an $n$-dimensional Alexandrov space with curvature at least -1. Assume that at every point it has an $(n,\delta)$-strainer of length $\mu$, where $\delta$ and $\mu$ are independent of a ...
7
votes
1answer
324 views

Area of square to wrap a torus

The Nash-Kuiper $C^1$ isometric embedding of flat torus into $\mathbb{R}^3$ has recently been spectacularly visualized by the Hevea Project. This suggests two questions. Q1. What is the area of ...
7
votes
0answers
133 views

Bang's open question strengthening Tarski's planks problem

Tarski's Planks problem, solved by Thøger Bang in 1951, says (in a simplified $\mathbb{R}^2$ version) that it requires "planks" (parallel strips) of total width $\ge d$ in order to completely cover a ...
2
votes
0answers
91 views

What is the metric on the Fuchsian model? [closed]

Let $\mathbb{H}$ be the upper half plane, and $\Gamma < SL(2, \mathbb{R})$ be a Fuchsian group. How is the distance between any two points $x, y \in \mathbb{H} / \Gamma$ in the Fuchsian model ...
10
votes
2answers
316 views

Isometric imbedding of a sphere with positively curved metric

QUESTION. Given a Riemannian metric on the sphere $S^n$ with positive sectional survature. Can it be isometrically imbedded into $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ (of any class of regularity) as a boundary of a ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

A property of geodesic triangles in manifolds with lower bounds on curvature and injectivity radius

Does there exist a function $\tau(\varepsilon)=\tau(\varepsilon,n,K,\mu)$ such that $\lim_{\varepsilon\to +0}\tau(\varepsilon)=0$ and for any $n$-dimensional complete Riemannian manifold $M^n$ with ...
5
votes
0answers
93 views

Sharp isoperimetry in the discrete Heisenberg group

The exact shape of the set which has the best isoperimetry in the continuous Heisenberg is (from what I know) a difficult open problem. This brought to wonder what is known in the discrete case? More ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Lebesgue differentiation theorem holds on locally doubling space?

It's known that for a metric space with doubling measure $(X,\mu)$, the Lebesgue differentiation theorem holds , i.e. If $f:X\to \mathbb{R}$ is a locally integrable function, then $\mu$-a.e. points ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Multiplicity of a subcovering in spaces of given Hausdorff dimension

Let $X$ be a locally compact metric space of integer Hausdorff dimension $n$. Let $K\subset X$ be a compact subset. Let $\{B_i\}_i$ be a finite family of balls covering $K$. One may assume that all ...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

local quasi geodesics in hyperbolic spaces

I asked this question on math stackexchange (see here) but didn't get any answer so I thought I post it here too. We have the following two well-known Theorems: T1) For all $\delta > 0, \...
2
votes
1answer
178 views

Is it possible to construct an isosceles triangle by using a ruler and without using a pair of compasses?

It is well known that on Euclidean plane one can construct an isosceles triangle on given straight line by using a ruler and a pair of compasses. Also it is possible to construct straight line ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Pairs of rays in euclidean buildings

In section 4.1.3 of Kleiner and Leeb's paper on symmetric spaces and euclidean buildings, there's a result about pairs of rays from the same point initially spanning a flat triangle (or being ...