**6**

votes

**2**answers

285 views

### Limit of distance between two random points in a unit $n$-cube

What is the limit, as $n \to \infty$, of the expected distance between two
points chosen uniformly at random within a unit edge-length hypercube
in $\mathbb{R}^n$?
For $n=1$, the average ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

386 views

### Geometric explanation of Hutton's formula?

$$\frac{\pi}{4} = 2 \tan^{-1} \frac{1}{3} + \tan^{-1} \frac{1}{7} \;.$$
Is there some geometric construction that explains this beautiful equation
(known as Hutton's formula)?
Perhaps a "proof without ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

305 views

### Points contained in a disk [closed]

I have a question, but not sure how to prove this.
We are given $n$ points in the Euclidean plane such that there exists no disk of radius $a$ which contains all of the points.
Conjecture: There ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### Random walk on a Penrose tiling

Pólya proved that a random walk on $\mathbb{Z}^2$ almost surely returns to the
origin, or, equivalently, returns to the origin infinitely often.
It was subsequently established that in $\mathbb{Z}^3$, ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Geometry of the metric cone

Let us say that two metrics $d$ and $d_0$ on a set $X$ are related if there exist positive constants $0 < \alpha \leq \beta$ such that
$$
\alpha \,\left(d_0(x,y) + d_0(y,z) - d_0(x,z)\right) \leq
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

45 views

### Euclidean embedding of a graph based on 1-ring neighborhood distances only

Consider a graph $(V,E)$, $\vert V \vert = n$ and weights $\{l_{ij}\}$, where $l_{ij}>0$ iff there is an edge connecting vertices $v_i$ and $v_j$. Distances beyond the 1-ring neighborhood are not ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

40 views

### Buseman function is regular on manifolds without boundary containing a line?

For an n-dim noncompact manifold M without boundary. Assume M contains a line $\gamma$. For every point $p \in M$, let $\widetilde{p\gamma(t)}$ be the geodesic from p to $\gamma(t)$.
Choose a ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

433 views

### An equivalence relation for norms

Let us say that two norms $\|\cdot\|_1$ and $\|\cdot\|_2$ on a real vector space $V$ are strongly equivalent if there exists a constant $\lambda \geq 1$ such that
$$
\frac{1}{\lambda} \left( \|x\|_1 ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### Is there such a matrix in $SO(n)$?

Given two $n$ dimensional positive definite matrices $A', B'$, is there a matrix $O \in SO(n)$ such that $A=O A', B=O B'$ and
$$
\frac{A_{ij}}{\sqrt{A_{ii}A_{jj}}} = ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

138 views

### Regular cross-sections of a dodecahedron; analogous sections of 4-polytopes

One can intersect a dodecahedron with a plane and
obtain an equilateral triangle, a square, a regular pentagon,
a regular hexagon, and a regular decagon:
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### Omit each vertex in turn of convex polygon: Iterative limit?

Let $P=P_0$ be a convex polygon of $n$ vertices $v_k$.
Let $P_{i+1}$ be the convex polygon obtained by intersecting the halfplanes
determined by the lines through every other vertex.
Below, $P_0$ is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### Guassian upper bound of the heat kernel implies ultracontrativity?

For spaces satisfies uniformlly local doubling and Poincare inequality (for example, Riemannian manifold with Ricci curvature bounded below RCD(K,N)).
By Sturm's paper, we have bounds on the heat ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

366 views

### get a point in polygon (maximize the distance from borders)

I have several 2D polygons represented by lists of xy-coordinates of their vertices.
It is needed to get several points inside the polygon so that they lie possibly far from the polygon's borders ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

312 views

### Characterization of Volumes of Lattice Cubes

Here is a problem that came up in a conversation with a professor after I made a false assumption about the geometry of $\mathbb{Z}^n$. I do not know if he knew the answer (and told me none of it) and ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

776 views

### Could a perfect squared square be split into two perfect squared squares?

This is a geometric puzzle though it might conceivably
also define a special class of Pythagorean triples.
A perfect squared square PSS is a square (as a plane figure)
partitioned into smaller ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

334 views

### Volume-preserving projective transformations are isometries

What is a simple, elementary proof of the following result?
A continuously differentiable map from the unit sphere $S^n \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ $(n > 1)$ to itself that preserves volumes and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### Generalized Sphere Kissing Problem

I am currently researching discrete geometry and I am in need of an upper bound on a generalized kissing number in 3-dimensions dependent upon a parameter $\eta$ which is the radii of spheres touching ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### Longest induced cycles in random geometric graphs near criticality

We make a random geometric graph $X(n;r)$ as follows. Choose $n$ points uniformly, independently, in the unit square $[0,1]^2$, for vertices, and then connect a pair of vertices $\{ p,q \}$ by an edge ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

335 views

### Asymmetric metrics and cohomology

If $(X,d)$ is a metric space and $f : X \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a Lipschitz function with Lipschitz constant $k < 1$, then the function
$$
D(x,y) := d(x,y) + f(y) - f(x)
$$
defines an asymmetric ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

472 views

### Spearing rolling hula hoops

Or: Stabbing rolling disks.
Imagine there are $n$ unit-diameter disks rolling between $x=0$ and $x=d$,
reflecting off either end.
The disk centers start at a random location within $[\frac{1}{2}, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Intrinsic volumes of a family of convex sets $\{K_n\}$

Consider a family of convex sets $\{K_n\}$ such that $K_n \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ for each $n$. The kinds of sets one might be considering could be, for instance,
$K_n$ is the cube of side $2A$, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Separable Banach spaces which are absolute Lipschitz retracts

A subset $F$ of a metric space $M$ is called a Lipschitz retract of $M$ if there is a Lipschitz map from $M$ onto $F$ which coincides with the identity on $F$. A metric space which is a Lipschitz ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

157 views

### Intersecting Sets of Pythagorean Triples with Common Hypotenuses

For any $r\in\mathbb{N}$, let $A_r$ denote the set of all natural numbers that are potentially a side of a Pythagorean triple with hypotenuse $r$.
Given any $N\in\mathbb{N}$, does there exist $r,s$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### Smallest distribution of points with genuinely different clusterings

An hierarchical clustering algorithm for (finite) sets of points in a given metric space is essentially determined by its linkage criterion, which defines the distance between arbitrary (finite) sets ...

**21**

votes

**3**answers

854 views

### “Paradoxes” in $\mathbb{R}^n$

One may think of this question as a duplicate of this one. I see it more like an extension.
The "inscribed sphere paradox" discussed in the aforementioned question states that if you inscribe a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

392 views

### Triple bubble conjecture: Natural candidate?

Is there a standard natural candidate surface for
the shape that encloses three given volumes
in $\mathbb{R}^3$ and has minimal surface area?
I know the planar triple bubble conjecture was ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

201 views

### How to find a tetrahedron that covers four points?

I’m looking for an explicit formula for the vertices of a regular tetrahedron that covers four given points. In particular:
Given four distinct real numbers $a_1$, $a_2$, $a_3$, $a_4$, is there a ...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

528 views

### Does the centroid depend continuously on the curve?

Let $\gamma$ be a piecewise smooth curve in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Recall that the centroid of $\gamma$ is the point $(\overline{x}, \overline{y})$ where $\overline{x}$ is the average value of $x$ on ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

384 views

### Triangle with largest perimeter in a convex region

What is the largest value of $r$ such that the following statement is always true?
"Let $C$ be a convex region with area $1$. There must exist a triangle contained in $C$ whose perimeter is at least ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

201 views

### quantitative version of the rigidity of the 2-sphere

I am looking for a quantitaive version of the following theorem:
A compact surface with $K\equiv 1$ is isometric to the round sphere.
Of course I get the Berger, Brendle-Schoen Theorem which insures ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

199 views

### A question on differential forms and integral invariants

The following question comes up in the study of metrics with the same unparameterized geodesics in Riemannian and Finsler geometry:
Question. Let $M$ be a closed manifold of dimension $2n+1$ and let ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

420 views

### More than $n$ approximately orthonormal vectors in $R^n$

This question was asked at math.stackexchange, where it got several upvotes but no answers.
It is impossible to find $n+1$ mutually orthonormal vectors in $R^n$.
However, it is well established ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

156 views

### Bound on Minimal Length of Vectors in Lattice and its Dual Lattice

Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $\Lambda^\ast$ its dual lattice. Let $d=\min_{v\in\Lambda} (v,v)$ and $d^\ast =\min_{v\in\Lambda^\ast} (v,v)$ be the minimal squared lengths of vectors ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### 3D objects with projections of constant area

Objects of constant width are well-known, and I have in my hand a (non-spherical) solid of constant diameter. The question arises:
Are there any non-spherical 3-dimensional objects such that their ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

227 views

### Boundaries of relatively hyperbolic groups

When the interior of an n-manifold $M$ has a pinched negative curvature metric of finite volume, then its fundamental group $\Gamma=\pi_1M$ is relatively hyperbolic relative to the parabolic groups ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

207 views

### Surfaces with many (but not solely) closed geodesics?

Let $S$ be a closed surface embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$,
let's say of genus zero.
I seek examples of $S$ with the following property:
If one selects a random any point $p$ on $S$, and a random
...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

289 views

### Unit ball of smallest volume in a Hilbert geometry

In a letter to Felix Klein published in Mathematische Annalen 1895 (see here), Hilbert generalized the Cayley-Klein model of hyperbolic geometry by defining a metric on the interior of a convex body ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Constructing measures with support in a given set

I've recently come across the Frostmann Lemma (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frostman_lemma). Its proof involves constructing a measure with certain properties on a given subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ (I'm ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

85 views

### Extreme points and centroid

It is well-known that the centroid of a triangle is the intersection point of its three medians. The medians happen to be area bisectors, but it seems that most (all?) other lines through the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

75 views

### harmonic maps from cone to $S^2$ locally lipschitz?

Are the harmonic maps from a 2-dimensional cone to $S^2$ locally lipschitz or Holder continuous?

**1**

vote

**2**answers

92 views

### Sampling uniformly from all possible line segments of a given length that fit inside a container

Consider that task of randomly placing a line segment of some length $L$ near a plane s.t. a point $p$ at the center of the line segment is at most a distance $H$ from the plane and intersections ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

368 views

### Characterization of discs

Let $D$ be a bounded simply connected region (open subset homeomorphic to the disc)
in the plane, containing the origin.
Suppose that for every line $L$ through the origin the intersection ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### Maximal regions with given diameter

Let us call a bounded region $D$ in the plane maximal if the conditions $D\subset D'$ and
$\mathrm{diam} D'=\mathrm{diam} D$ imply $D'=D$.
Is it possible to describe all maximal regions?
The only ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

37 views

### Seeking criteria for “threadable” pairs of centrosymmetric polyhedra

Let $A$ and $B$ be origin-centered centrosymmetric polyhedra in $\mathbb{R}^3$:
"for every point $(x, y, z)$ [...] there is an indistinguishable point $(-x, -y, -z)$."
Say that $A$ and $B$ are ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### Measure of points with small neighborhood in convex bodies

Let $K \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be a "fat" convex body, i.e. one that contains a ball of radius 1. I'm interested in the following question about points $y \in K$: If you take a normally distributed $e ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

448 views

### Probability distribution or the distance between two points in $n$-dimensional Euclidean space after a random perturbation of one point

Take two points, $p_0$ and $p_k$, in $n$-dimensional Euclidean space, where $d(p_0,p_k)$ is the distance between the points. Now, draw an $n$-sphere of radius $r$ centered on $p_0$ and uniformly ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

331 views

### The intersection of a circle and a rank 3 subgroup of the plane

Let $A$ be a rank 3 subgroup of the Euclidean plane, i.e. $A = \mathbb{Z} v_1 + \mathbb{Z} v_2 + \mathbb{Z} v_3$, where $v_1, v_2, v_3 \in \mathbb{R}^2$ are three $\mathbb{Q}$-linearly independent ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

471 views

### Is this knot invariant already treated somewhere in the literature?

Fix a knot type $K \subset S^3$, and consider the set $$Y_K = \{ \mbox{Diagrams of }K \} / \mbox{planar isotopy}.$$
We can turn $Y_K$ into a metric space by considering the distance induced by ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

51 views

### Twisted calibrations and sufficient conditions on homology of sub-manifolds

I think my question is somehow easy to solve, but I'm not very familiar with algebraic topology, so I'm not able to figure out the solution for myself. I'm working on a problem in metric geometry and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

211 views

### Computational approach deciding whether a set of Wang Tile could tile the space up to some size

As an applied person, I'm facing one practical problem deciding whether a set of Wang tile could tile the plane periodically or aperiodically. Although both problems seem undecidable, but I'm on a ...