Euclidean, hyperbolic, discrete, convex, coarse geometry, comparisons in Riemannian geometry, symmetric spaces.

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Discontinuity of Radon-Nikodym derivative for Patterson-Sullivan measures for word metrics on Gromov hyperbolic groups

Let $\Gamma$ be a Gromov hyperbolic group coming endowed with a word metric coming from some finite generating set. Let $\nu$ be an associated Patterson-Sullivan measure (quasi-conformal density). I ...
2
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0answers
275 views

Good covering of a sphere

Consider a sphere $S_r(0)$ with center at zero and radius $r$ in the Hamming space $\{0,1\}^n$. We will be interested in covering this sphere with balls of radius $\rho < r$. We know that there ...
5
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2answers
132 views

Which unfoldings of the hypercube tile 3-space: How to check for isometric space-fillers?

Recently Mark McClure constructed and displayed the 261 unfoldings of the hypercube (tesseract) in response to the question, "3D models of the unfoldings of the hypercube?": The first 9 unfoldings ...
3
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2answers
136 views

regular polyhedra (and polytopes) in hyperbolic geometry, and generalisations

While there exist regular tesselations of the hyperbolic plane with arbitrary regular polygons, there are no new regular polyhedra in hyperbolic (3D) space. This being quite trivial, it is probably ...
4
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68 views

Can the GUE be thought of as a uniform point in a high-dimensional polytope

I have thought about this question for a long time and could only find partial answers. The Gaussian Unitary Ensemble (or GUE) is the eigenvalues of a random Hermitian matrix with complex Gaussian ...
6
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191 views

When is a word metric on a CAT(-1) group a bounded distance from the orbit map of an isometric action on some CAT(-k) metric space?

Let $\Gamma$ be a group admitting a discrete and cocompact action on a CAT(-1) space. Let $d$ a word metric on $\Gamma$ coming from some finite set of generators. My question is: Does there exist a ...
14
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1answer
333 views

3D models of the unfoldings of the hypercube?

There are (apparently) 261 distinct unfoldings of the 4D hypercube, a.k.a., the tesseract, into 3D.1 These unfoldings (or "nets") are analogous to the 11 unfoldings of the 3D cube into the plane.2 ...
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49 views

How often can a single length occur as a boundary distance?

Given a bounded domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$ ($n\geq2$), how often can a single real number $r>0$ appear as a distance of two points on $\partial\Omega$? We can make any assumptions about the ...
7
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124 views

Ricocheting pinball-like shot: Complexity?

Suppose one has $n$ perfect two-sided mirror segments in the plane $\mathbb{R}^2$. The segments are open, excluding their endpoints. They are disjoint as closed segments, i.e., no pair shares an ...
5
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1answer
297 views

Geodesics on manifolds with boundary

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold with non-empty boundary. Is there any notion of injectivity radius on $(M,g)$ in points away from the boundary? By this I mean points lying in $M- \partial M$. ...
2
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108 views

How far can I push a ball of radius r into the corner of a convex polytope in d-dimensions?

Let $K \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a convex polytope and let $B(x,r) = \{y \in \mathbb{R}^d \,:\, \Vert y-x \Vert_2 \leq r\}$ be the ball of radius $r$ centered at $x$. For any radius $r \geq 0$ let ...
2
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1answer
245 views

An identity for Futaki-Donaldson invariant

Let $(X,L)$ be a polarized projective variety Given an ample line bundle $L\to X$, then a test configuration for the pair $(X,L)$ consists of : a scheme $\mathfrak X$ with a $\mathbb C^*$-action a ...
2
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2answers
230 views

Length of non-horizontal curve

Let $M$ be a sub-Riemannian space. Consider a smooth curve $\gamma:[0,1]\to M$ such that $\dot\gamma(t)\not\in H_{\gamma(t)}$, where $H_{\gamma(t)}$ is the horizontal subbundle ( i.e. $\gamma$ is ...
2
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1answer
87 views

Is there a name for the level-sets of the signed distance function to a set in a metric space?

$\newcommand \X {\mathcal{X}}$ $\newcommand \sd {d_{\rm sign}}$ Let $(\X, d)$ be a metric space and define the distance between a point $x \in \X$ and a set $S \subset X$ by $d(x,S) = \inf_{y \in S} ...
9
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1answer
151 views

Optimal shape for stabbing balls in $\mathbb{R}^3$

I have radius $r < \frac{1}{2}$ congruent balls with centers randomly distributed uniformly within a region, say, within a unit-radius sphere $S$. I shoot a ray/path through $S$, hoping to ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

Distance function from a topological submanifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, and let $N\subset M$ be an embedded sphere that is everywhere smooth except for a single point at which the embedding will only be $C^0$. How much regularity can ...
2
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1answer
153 views

Lorentzian metrics on the torus up to continuos deformations

Any two Riemannian metrics can easily be deformed into each other, only obtaining positive definite metrics in between. However, for metrics of other signatures this might not be possible. Which ...
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112 views

Virtually abelian centralizers

This is a sort of a follow-up question to Limits of conjugated subgroups (though it might not seem at first glance to have much to do with it.) Anyway, I'm wondering what sort of groups have the ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Why finite dimensional MCS-space implies $\mathbb{R}^m\times cone$ locally?

Frequently, I see a statment of the result in reference that a finite dimensional Alexandrov spaces is locally a product $\mathbb{R}^m\times cone$. It seems that this result comes from Perelman's ...
1
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1answer
217 views

Convergence in the Wasserstein metric and the square root function

Let $f$ be a smooth probability distribution on the unit square $S$ such that $f(x)>0$ on $S$. Let $\{g_i\}$ be a sequence of smooth probability distributions such that $g_i(x)>0$ on $S$ as ...
8
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130 views

Closed geodesics avoiding points in hyperbolic surfaces

Let $\Sigma$ be a closed hyperbolic surface. Is it true that for any finite collection of points $x_1,\ldots,x_n\in\Sigma$ there exists a closed geodesic $\gamma$ containing none of them? Remark: It ...
4
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0answers
194 views

How many points does 'the-most-point-contained-circle' contain at least?

Question : Given any $n$ distinct points $S$, consider the $\binom n2$ discs $D_{pq}$ formed by picking a pair of points $p,q$ from $S$ and using them as a diameter. For each disc $D_{pq}$, let ...
15
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2answers
419 views

Can all unit-distance graphs have their vertices at algebraic integers?

A graph $G$ is described as a unit-distance graph if there exists a function $f:G \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ such that for every edge $(u,v) \in E(G)$, we have $|f(u) - f(v)| = 1$. Obviously, we can ...
7
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114 views

Approximate singular value decomposition in Banach spaces

I am interested in generalisations to Banach spaces of the following construction, which relates to the singular value decomposition of a finite-dimensional linear map. If $V$, $W$ are ...
7
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1answer
246 views

The Minkowski sum of two curves

Let $\gamma$ be a continuous curve in the complex plane without self-intersections and let $\lambda$ be a complex non-real number less than 1 in modulus. Put $\gamma'=\lambda\gamma$. Question. Is it ...
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1answer
302 views

Does the singular cohomology for a metric space of finite topological dimension vanish in high dimensions?

It is known that by applying the universal coefficient theorem, the singular cohomology of closed manifold with coefficient $\mathbb{Z}_2$ vanishes in high dimensions. But for a metric space $M$ with ...
10
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1answer
304 views

Soft question: mathematics about truchet tiles

It seems that this is the first question on Truchet tiles on MO. Shown above is a picture of a random tile, which you can see the resulting configuration is much like many membranes of cells. I ...
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1answer
100 views

Convex subcomplexes of CAT(0) cubical complexes

Is the following statement true? If so, can anyone provide a reference? Let $X$ be a CAT(0) cubical complex, and let $Y$ be a connected subcomplex of $X$. Then the following are equivalent: ...
2
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1answer
107 views

Parallel transport on a Hadamard manifold

Suppose, $X$ is a Hadamard manifold, i.e., a simply connected manifold of non-positive sectional curvature. Fix a point $w$ in $X$. Consider any three points $x, y, z$ in $X$. Let $\tau_{x, w}$ and ...
3
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1answer
79 views

conjugacy between geodesic flows on 2-tori

Let $(T_1,g_1)$ and $(T_2,g_2)$ be two flat tori of dimension 2 such that their geodesic flows are $C^0$-conjugated, is there an isometry between $(T_1,g_1)$ and $(T_2,g_2)$ ? I emphasize the fact ...
6
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1answer
182 views

Embedding Euclidean buildings into products of trees

A Euclidean building has a natural metric space structure. (A definition of Euclidean building can be found on Wikipedia, or, more expansively, in Section 4 of Kleiner-Leeb.) Question: Is it true ...
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36 views

Covering number of the range of a function

I have come across the need to know a bound on a certain curious quantity: the covering number of the range of a continuous function $f: D \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$, where $D \subseteq \mathbb{R}^m$. ...
6
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1answer
283 views

Which surfaces have only a finite number of connecting geodesics?

Q1. For a smooth, closed (compact) surface $S$ embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$, under which conditions is it true that, for every pair of points $a,b \in S$, there are an infinite number of ...
10
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1answer
446 views

Metric $d(A,B) = \mathbb P(\overline A\cup\overline B\mid A\cup B)$

I'm wondering where the relative probabilistic distance was first studied: $$d(A,B) =\mathbb P(\overline A\cup\overline B\mid A\cup B)$$ where $\overline A$ is the complement of $A$. A web search ...
0
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1answer
91 views

Practical Algorithm for Comparing the Discrepancy of Point Sets (on Unit Hyper Spheres)

I have devised a simple geometric algorithm for generating a sequence of points on unit hyper spheres; that algorithm depends on a single real parameter, which I would like to optimize in order to get ...
8
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1answer
112 views

Tilting the $d$-cube to vertically separate its vertices

Let $C_d$ be a unit edge-length cube in $d$ dimensions. I would like to orient it ("tilt" it) so that the vertical (last) coordinates of its $2^d$ vertices are maximally separated, in the sense that ...
2
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1answer
390 views

Given a set of 2D vertices, how to create a minimum-area polygon which contains all the given vertices?

Not sure whether this question belongs here or math.stackexchange. You can assume that all the vertices are unique. The given vertices can be the vertices of the polygon, thus they do NOT have to be ...
6
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3answers
427 views

Polynomial threading through a monotone corridor

I have a need to find a polynomial of minimal degree that connects two points and stays within a given "corridor," by which I mean an $x$-monotone polygon. Here is an example:       ...
4
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1answer
529 views

Focus of parabola using only a ruler

It is an easy exercise that using ruler and compass one find the focus of a given parabola. Can one do the same using only a ruler? -- if not, why?
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105 views

Shortest rope to capture a sphere of diameter 1 [duplicate]

I have a perfect rigid sphere of diameter 1. I have infinite supply of rope. The rope is infinitely flexible and can be cut or glued without losing or adding length. The rope can be glued at any ...
3
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1answer
199 views

The relation between Hausdorff dimension of an $n$-manifold and $n$

It is known that for a topological space with different metrics, the Hausdorff dimensions may not be equal in general. For the case of manifolds, suppose $M$ is a $n$-manifold with a ...
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0answers
46 views

Length invariance under nondecreasing changes of parameters

Suppose that $f\colon [0,1]\to [0,1]$ is a continuous, surjective and nondecreasing function, for example the Cantor function. Let $X$ be a metric space (not necessarily a length space) and let $L$ be ...
3
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1answer
310 views

The Praying Eyes theorem generalized

Is there an obvious way to slice two spheres (no necessarily equal) simultaneously such that the sections share common areas? I mean, I cannot see another way (easier) different from the way provided ...
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1answer
243 views
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2answers
237 views

Regular paths along surface of sphere

I'm trying to create a program where a small ball is supposed to move along the surface of a sphere, which is given by its radius $r$ and the center $c$. The movement should be repetitive, so that ...
14
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1answer
331 views

Are all well behaved “mean” functions on $\mathbb{R}^+$ equivalent?

Given a set $S$, a function $M: S\times S \rightarrow S$ is a mean if it satisfies the properties: $M(a,a)=a\qquad$ (identity) $M(a,b)=M(b,a)\qquad$ (commutativity). and possibly ...
4
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2answers
375 views

Distance function to a submanifold

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and $\Sigma\subset M$ a closed submanifold. Given $x\in M$ we define the distance function to $\Sigma$ by $$d_\Sigma(x):=\inf\{d(x,y):y\in \Sigma\},$$ where ...
6
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0answers
81 views

Unbalanced equipartitions

Let $K$ be a compact convex set in the plane. Say that a perimeter-halving partition of $K$ is a partition of $K$ into two pieces by a chord (a segment with endpoints on the boundary $\partial K$) ...
0
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2answers
91 views

Planar curves identical to their inverses

Is the right strophoid the only planar curve $C$ whose inverse curve w.r.t. some circle (in this case: centered on the origin) is identical to $C$?               ...
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1answer
75 views

Smooth unit vector field on a tetrahedron to interpolate vertex constraints

For a tetrahedron $T\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ with vertices $r_i\in \mathbb{R}^3$ , $i=1,\ldots,4$, and unit vectors $u_i\in \mathbb{S}^2$ at each vertex $i=1,\ldots,4$ consider the (energy) functional ...