**1**

vote

**1**answer

54 views

### Two geodesics with angle $\pi$ in Alexandrov space

Let two geodesic segments in an Alexandrov space with curvature bounded from below start at the same point and the angle between them equals $\pi$. It is possible that these segments are not the two ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

32 views

### Perimeters of the cells of a convex tessellation

Let $C$ be a compact, convex region in $\mathbb{R}^2$, and say we have scalars $a_i, b_i, c_i$ for $i\in\{1,\dots,n\}$. Consider the tessellation $R_1,\dots,R_n$ of $C$ defined by letting ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### How to change the given metric if we want to add few extra isometries?

I have a Hilbert Space $X$ and a group $G$, which consists of bounded linear self-bijections of $X$ (if it helps, this group has a locally compact, but not compact topology). Is there a canonical way ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

124 views

### Maximal $\pi/2$-separated subset of the sphere

A subset $A$ of a metric space is called $\varepsilon$-separated if
$$dist(x,y)> \varepsilon \mbox{ for all } x\ne y\in A.$$
(Notice that the inequality in my definition is strict.)
What is the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Why is a negatively curved cone surface locally CAT(-1)?

Recently I'm reading a paper about the rigidity of negatively curved cone surfaces written by S. Hersonsky and F. Paulin. The authors said that a negatively curved cone surface is locally CAT(-1). But ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

195 views

### Does a continuous map $f$ from the $n$-ball $B$ into $R^n$ such that $B\subset f(B)$ have a fixed point?

If $f$ is a continuous map from the $n$-ball $B$ into itself, the Brouwer fixed point theorem guarantees a fixed point. What if we assume that $f$ maps $B$ into all $R^n$, and $f(B)$ contains $B$? For ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

406 views

### Approximating a real by a ratio of primes

Let $x$ and $y$ be positive reals in $(0,1)$ with $x < y$ and $y-x =\epsilon$.
I seek smallest primes $p$ and $q$ such that
$$x \le \frac{p}{q} \le (x+\epsilon) = y \;.$$
Q. What upper bound ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

54 views

### How does the singular surfaces obtained when the border of a Euclidean set becomes a point look like?

I'm curious to understand in several manner, what is the metric geometry of the metric space homeomorphic to a sphere, obtained from a compact convex set $K\subset R^2$ with the Euclidean distance, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

85 views

### The circle with minimal radius covering known finite set of points on a plane

Given some points on a plane, how to determine the circle with minimal radius covering all these points?

**4**

votes

**0**answers

124 views

### Equidistribution of spheres in $\mathbb{R^2}/\mathbb{Z^2}$

Let $\mathbb{H^2}$ be the hyperbolic upper half place, and let $\Gamma$ be a lattice in $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$ acting on $\mathbb{H^2}$. A proof of the equidistribution of spheres on $\mathbb{H^2/\Gamma}$ ...

**30**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Is there a subset of the plane that meets every line in two open intervals?

Using the Axiom of Choice, it is possible to construct a subset of the plane that meets every line in two points (these are called "$2$-point sets"). What if, instead of points, we ask for two open ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Visibility in a prime orchard

This suggests a variant on Polya's orchard problem.
That problem asks1
for which radius $\epsilon$ of trees at each lattice point within a distance $R$ of the origin block all lines of sight to the ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### $C^1$ regularity of harmonic functions on Riemannian manifolds

Consider a smooth, connected and complete Riemannian manifold $M$. It is well known that harmonic functions defined on some open subset of $M$ are $C^\infty$.
I'm interested in knowing whether there ...

**17**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### How to explain the concentration-of-measure phenomenon intuitively?

One way to phrase the
"concentration-of-measure"
phenomenon is that,
for a Euclidean sphere $S^d$ in $d$ dimensions, for large $d$,
"most of the mass is close to the equator, for any equator."1
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

91 views

### Gradient of distance function at cut points on Alexandrov spaces

Let $M$ be an $n$-dim Alexandrov space with curvature bounded below $sec \geqslant k$, possibly non-compact. We assume that $M$ has no boundary for simplicity. For a compact subset $K \subset M$, the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

198 views

### Length of nearest neighbor path in travel salesman problem

Given $n$ nodes uniformly distributed in $[0,1]^2$, consider the nearest neighbor algorithm to solve traveling salesman problem, i.e., each time I select the nearest neighbor not visited so far as the ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

406 views

### A probability distribution in n dimensional space which its projection on any line is a uniform distribution?

Does there exist, for any natural $n$, a probability distribution in $\mathbb{R}^n$ whose projection on any line is a uniform distribution?

**9**

votes

**2**answers

272 views

### Book on the tetrahedron

Does anybody know of a book containing "all you want to know about the tetrahedron"? What you want to know should include basic geometry of the tetrahedron, study of orthocentric tetrahedra, the Monge ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### Measurement of “symmetry” of a convex body

I often hear that the regular simplex is "the least" symmetric convex body, and I've heard that there are some measures of symmetry of a body, that the simplex minimizes.
Could you please explain or ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### Number of lines of symmetry of a set of lattice points

Given some finite $S\subseteq\mathbb R^2$, it is clearly possible for $S$ to have arbitrarily many lines of symmetry. However, it is not very clear if the same is necessarily true for subsets of ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

272 views

### Diameter of random segment intersection graph?

I have an even number of points $n$ randomly distributed (uniformly) in a disk.
Then the points are randomly connected to form $n/2$ segments, a perfect
matching.
Finally, I form the intersection ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

201 views

### Continuity of length and area

Let $C_n$ be a sequence of rectifiable simple closed curves in $\mathbb{R}^2$ that converge to a rectifiable simple closed curve $D$ in the Hausdorff topology. It is easy to construct examples where
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

360 views

### Vafa's semi-Ricci flat metric

Cumrun Vafa with Greene-Shapere-Yau introduced semi-Ricci flat metric here
B. Greene, A. Shapere, C. Vafa, and S.-T. Yau. Stringy cosmic strings and
noncompact Calabi-Yau manifolds. Nuclear Physics ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### Gromov-Hausdorff distance measure between minimum spanning trees

I am trying to compare minimum spanning trees through time. I have two questions:
1-Is it possible to measure the similarity between two minimum spanning trees with Gromov-Hausdorff distance measure ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### Gauss-Bonnet formula for 2-dimensional Alexandrov spaces

EDIT: Let $S$ be a closed orientable 2-dimensional surface equipped with a metric with curvature $\geq \kappa$ in the sense of Alexandrov.
Questions 1. Can one define a measure $K$ on $S$ (thought ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

299 views

### Double kissing problem

Consider two touching unit balls which will be called central balls. What is the maximum number $k$ of non-overlapping unit balls so that each ball touches as least one of two central balls?
An easy ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

57 views

### Convex hulls have longer boundaries

Let $C$ be a rectifiable simple closed curve in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and let $D$ be the boundary of the convex hull of the region bounded by $C$. What is the most efficient way to prove that $D$ is ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

129 views

### Differentiability of polytope shadow areas

Let $P$ be an opaque convex polyhedron containing the origin in $\mathbb{R}^3$,
and let $S$ be an origin-centered sphere strictly containing $P$: $S \supset P$.
For a point $x$ on $S$, let $\sigma(x)$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### Best polygonal approximation to a polynomial $\pm$ c

Let a planar region $R$ be defined
by the vertical range bounded by
a polynomial $f(x) \pm c$ with $c>0$ a constant,
and with $x$ varying between the smallest and largest
roots of $f(x)$.
For ...

**19**

votes

**4**answers

717 views

### How much redundancy resides in an $n \times n$ orthogonal matrix?

Suppose one has an $n \times n$ orthogonal matrix $M$:
$$
\left(
\begin{array}{ccc}
0.239326 & 0.846726 &
0.475161 \\
0.768893 & 0.13356 &
-0.625272 \\
0.592897 & ...

**7**

votes

**5**answers

319 views

### Packing obtuse vectors in $\mathbb{R}^d$

I came across this attractive theorem:
Theorem. In $\mathbb{R}^d$, there can be at most $d+1$ vectors that
form an obtuse angle with one another.
This was proved1 as a corollary of a lemma about ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

124 views

### Geodesics on convex hypersufaces

Let $M^n$ be the boundary of a convex compact set in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ with non-empty interior.
Question 1. Is $M$ geodesically complete, i.e. is it true that every geodesic (= locally shortest ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

135 views

### Alexandrov spaces which are not limits of Riemannian manifolds

Are there important/ interesting/ natural examples of compact Alexandrov spaces with curvature bounded from below which are not Gromov-Hausdorff limits of smooth compact Riemannian manifolds with ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### when are local quasigeodesics global in CAT(0)

It is well-known (and easily shown) that a local quasi-geodesic (for some value of "local") in a $\delta$-hyperbolic space is global (one can compute the constants, as well, from local data). This is ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### Regions on a sphere that avoid a fixed point set

Let $P$ be a finite set of points on a unit-radius sphere $S$
in $\mathbb{R}^3$.
Treat $P$ as a fixed pattern that can be rigidly slid
around $S$ as a unit (no reflection).
Let $R$ be a subset of ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Relation between Euclidean distance matrices and squared-distance matrices

Let us refer to $D$ as the matrix with $D_{ij} = ||x_i - x_j||_2$ and $H = D \circ D$ e.g. the matrix with $H_{ij} = ||x_i - x_j||_2^2$ as its entries. Are the spectra of these matrices related at ...

**21**

votes

**7**answers

1k views

### What's that shape? Inferring a 3D shape from random shadows

Let $P$ be a bounded, simply connected region of $\mathbb{R}^3$.
$P$ could be a polyhedron, or a smooth shape, or an arbitrary shape;
I'll assume below that $P$ is a (non-degenerate, perhaps ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

232 views

### Existence of finite set of points in the revolving circles

Let $k$ and $n$ be two fixed integers. Let $C$ denotes the circle with radius $4n$ (in the plane $\mathbb{R}^2$). Suppose $\{C_1,C_2\}$ shows the set of two arbitrary tangent circles with radius $2n$ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Concavity of mixed volumes and mixed discriminants

For $n\times n$ symmetric matrices $A_1, \ldots, A_n$, the mixed discriminant $D(A_1, \ldots, A_n)$ can be defined as $1/n!$ times the coefficient of $t_1\ldots t_n$ in the homogeneous polynomial ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

318 views

### The most number of points that realize only $k$ distinct distances

For $k \ge 1$, let $f_d(k)$ be the largest possible number of points $p_i$
in $\mathbb{R}^d$ that determine at most $k$ distinct (Euclidean) distances,
$\|p_i-p_j\|$.
Example. For points in the plane ...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

676 views

### Is every closed curve in 3D a geodesic on a genus-0 surface?

Let $\gamma$ be a smooth, closed, unknotted curve embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$.
Q. Does there always exist a smooth, embedded, genus-zero surface
$S \subset \mathbb{R}^3$
such that $\gamma$ is a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Euclidean minimum spanning trees intersecting each unit square

The recent question "Euclidean Minimum Spanning Trees Restricted to One Vertex Per Grid Cell" can be restated in terms of "minimum spanning trees intersecting each (closed) lattice square of an ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

46 views

### Algorithm to find the vertices of the equidistant lines between N closed polygonal lines

I have a set $\{C_1, C_2, \ldots, C_N\}$ of $N$ nonintersecting closed piecewise linear curves on the Euclidean plane. For every point $x \in \mathbb{R}^2$ we say it belongs to a territory serviced by ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

134 views

### Find the intersection between two convex hulls, in this specific case

We work over $\mathbb{R}^K$. Let $V$ be the set of vectors whose coordinates take values $0$ or $1$, or equivalently the corners of the unit cube $[0,1]^K$.
Let $d:\{0, \ldots, K\} \to \mathbb{R}_+$ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

128 views

### Euclidean Minimum Spanning Trees Restricted to One Vertex Per Grid Cell

Given an $n \times n$ grid with unit grid cells, and one point from the interior
of each cell, what is are best possible lower and upper bounds for lengths of minimum spanning trees? The lower bound ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Pigeonholing Polygons: Can two rigid regions fit in twice the space needed?

This is a tweak of Henry Segerman's question
Can an arbitrary collection of circles of total area 1/2 fit into a circle of area 1? , but restricted to the point of possibly having a
proof in the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Another 2D theorem which generalizes to higher dimension

I have found a new property of the Tetrahedron. In fact, this is a 3D generalization of theorem 1 in my paper "A Note on Reflection", published by Forum Geometricorum.
Consider any Tetrahedron ABCD. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

128 views

### Extreme points of convex hull of Minkowski sum [closed]

Let $\operatorname{conv}(a_1,\ldots,a_m)$ denote the convex hull of $\{a_1,\ldots,a_n\}$. Let $P = \operatorname{conv}(a_1,\ldots,a_p)$ and $Q = \operatorname{conv}(b_1,\ldots,b_q)$ be two convex sets ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

193 views

### Isometric imbedding of finite metric space into standards spaces [duplicate]

Is it true that any metric space consisting of $n$ points can be isometrically imbedded into $n-1$ dimensional Euclidean space? Hyperbolic space?
(For $n=3$ this is true.) If not, what are ...

**24**

votes

**1**answer

454 views

### Expected number of vertices of a hypercube slice — is this new/interesting?

I am a (mostly) amateur mathematician, but my education and work have featured a lot of mathematics, and recently I bumped into a mathematical problem for which I can find no references, and I am ...