# Tagged Questions

**2**

votes

**1**answer

64 views

### Characterization of the medial axis of a surface

I would like to know if the following "characterization" of the medial axis of a surface is correct, and if so, how to prove it.
Let $S$ be a continuous, piecewise smooth, compact surface embedded in ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

323 views

### Circles avoiding rational points of height $\le h$

Q. Which origin-centered circles $C(r)$ (or spheres in dimension $d$)
of radius $r < 1$ avoid all rational points
of height $\le h$?
A rational point is a point all of whose coordinates ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

208 views

### Are shortest halving curves simple closed geodesics?

Let $S$ be a smooth convex surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$
(although my question may as well be asked for the surface of a polyhedron).
Say that $\gamma$ is a shortest halving curve if
(a) it partitions the ...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

427 views

### The lonely molecule

Suppose $n$ air molecules (infinitesimal points) are bouncing around in
a unit $d$-dimensional cube, with perfectly elastic wall collisions.
Let $k=n^{\frac{1}{d}}$.
For example, in 3D, $d=3$, with ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Cusp points in Alexandrov spaces

Given a space of bounded integral curvature (by which I mean a topological surface with an intrinsic metric, such that the sum of excesses of any finite collection of non-overlapping simple triangles ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

210 views

### Is the hypersurface satisfying $\langle x-x_0,\nu\rangle>0$ diffeomorphic to sphere?

Let $p:M\to \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ be the closed immersed hypersurface. Is the following thing right? If there exists a point $x_0$ in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ such that $\langle x(p)-x_0,\nu(p)\rangle>0$ ...

**-3**

votes

**2**answers

96 views

### Hexagon Formed by connecting Trisections of triangle sides [closed]

Is there a theorem for the area of the hexagon formed by connecting the points formed when the sides of a triangle are trisected? It appears that the ratio of the area of the triangle to the area of ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

488 views

### Is every knot unavoidable in the embeddings of some graph?

Is it the case that, for any given knot $K$,
there exists some graph $G$ whose every embedding into $\mathbb{R}^3$
(or into $\mathbb{S}^3$)
contains a cycle that realizes $K$?
I know the ...

**27**

votes

**2**answers

754 views

### Shortest path through $\sqrt{n}$ points out of $n$

Say I sample $n$ points uniformly at random in the unit square, and then I look for the shortest path through $\sqrt{n}$ of those points (rounding up, say). What happens to the length of this path as ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Are there isomeasure simplices?

Say that two polyhedra in $\mathbb{R}^3$ have isomeasures
(my terminology) if they have:
the same volume,
the same surface area,
the same sum of all edge lengths,
and the same number of vertices.
The ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

624 views

### Ellipses on spheres (and other surfaces)

Define an ellipse $E$ on a sphere as the locus of points whose sum of
shortest geodesic distances to two foci $p_1$ and $p_2$ is a constant $d$.
There are conditions on $\{ p_1, p_2, d \}$ for this ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### maximum sum of angles between $n$ lines

Take $n$ lines in $\mathbb{R}^d$ (not necessary different, and all passing through the origin, though this is not important). What is maximal possible sum of angles between them for given $n$ and $d$? ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### Algorithm to construct metric space endomorphism with controlled square

Given a finite metric space $(M,d)$ with parameters $K \geq 1$ and $\epsilon > 0$, I'd like to algorithmically check for the existence of a non-identity map $\phi:M \to M$ which happens to be ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

240 views

### Can R^3 be expressed as a disjoint union of pairwise linked circles?

We can express $\mathbb{R}^3$ as a disjoint union of circles. There are some constructive ways of doing this, although it's easier to construct them sequentially by transfinite induction, applying the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Distance matrices

We say that a matrix $M\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ is a distance matrix on a metric space $(X,d)$, if there exist $x_1,\cdots,x_n \in X$ such that $M=[d(x_i,x_j)]_{n\times n}$.
Question. For which ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

123 views

### Connectivity of points sampled in a grid

Suppose that I partition an $n\times n$ square into $n^2$ squares $S_1 ,\dots, S_{n^2}$ each of area $1$, and then I sample a point $X_i$ uniformly at random in each $S_{i}$. Now fix a radius $r$ and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

243 views

### When does the intersection of cylinders produce a ball?

Suppose one intersects unit-radius solid cylinders
in $\mathbb{R}^3$, with each cylinder axis passing through
the origin. For example, two such cylinders produce
the Steinmetz solid.
But if we ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### On the volume entropy of negatively curved manifolds

Let $X$ be the universal cover of a closed negatively curved Riemannian manifold. Let $x_0\in X$ be a base point, $S$ be the unit sphere in $T_{x_0}X$ and $\exp:T_{x_0}X\rightarrow X$ be the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Centralizers and intersections in the Gromov-boundary of the mapping class group

The mapping class group of a punctured surface $\Sigma$ is weakly relatively hyperbolic (see below), hence it is well defined the Gromov-boundary with respect to the relative metric.
First question: ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

95 views

### A conjecture about cross sections of a pyramid [closed]

Show that for $n\ge 5$, a cross-section of a pyramid whose base is a regular $n$-gon cannot be a regular $(n + 1)$-gon.
This is a conjecture I came across while trying to solve this problem.
I was ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

65 views

### Finding a minimum covering of a polygon with interesting shapes

After reading many papers about problems of minimum polygon covering, I found out that there are four different types of units that are considered for covering polygons, in increasing order of ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

403 views

### Polyhedron not circumscribed about a sphere

Let $P$ be a polyhedron whose faces are colored black and white so that there are more black faces and no two black faces are adjacent. Show that $P$ is not circumscribed about a sphere.
My teacher ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### isoperimetric problems on Alexandrov spaces

For an Alexandrov space M with curvature bounded from below, the isoperimetric profile $v \to I_M(v)$ defined for every $v\in (0,V(M))$ (the volume of M might be infinite), is given by
$$
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Packing space by cones: Translates best?

Let $C$ be a right circular cone, the convex hull of a unit-radius disk
and a point directly above the disk center at height $h$.
Is the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Hiding $k$ disks inside a larger disk

Suppose one has $k$ unit-radius disks, and the goal is to hide them inside
a disk of radius $R \gg k$.
The detection probes are rays along a line.
(Think of the disks as tumor cells, and the rays as ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

130 views

### Continuity of minimizers to distance function from point to convex set

Suppose I am minimizing the Euclidean distance in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ between a point $y$ and compact convex set $U$ (where $y\notin U$):
$\min_{x\in U}\|x-y\|$.
I believe the minimizer $x_{U}^{*}$ is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### Light inside a polyhedron

I have two questions the same as Mostafa's Question:
Visibility of vertices in polyhedra
Suppose $P$ is a closed polyhedron in space (i.e. a union of polygons which is homeomorphic to $S^2$) and $X$ ...

**19**

votes

**3**answers

771 views

### Visibility of vertices in polyhedra

Suppose $P$ is a closed polyhedron in space (i.e. a union of polygons which is homeomorphic to $S^2$) and $X$ is an interior point of $P$. Is it true that $X$ can see at least one vertex of $P$? More ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

56 views

### Coarse geometry of minimal surfaces in non-positively curved manifolds

Let $X$ be a simply-connected Riemannian manifold of non-positive curvature and $S\subset X$ be a complete minimal surface.
(You can basically image $X$ as a ball and $S$ as an embedded disk whose ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Billiard dynamics with angle of reflection a fraction of angle of incidence

Suppose that a billiard ball bouncing in a unit square (or a lightray reflecting
in a mirrored square) has the property that the angle of reflection is a fraction
of the angle of incidence, rather ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

75 views

### Volume of a polytope with relaxed constraints

Consider a polytope in $n$ dimensions defined by a set of linear constraints:
$$P = \{x \in \mathbb{R}^n : Ax \leq b\}$$
where A is some $m \times n$ constraint matrix, and $b = (b_1,\ldots,b_m)$ is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Geometric interpretation of table with permutations and inversions

Let $T(n,k)$ is the number of permutations of numbers $1, ..., n$ and each of the permutations has $k$ inversions. We can consider a table for $T(n,k)$ for some $n$ and $k$. For eg.
$n=1,...,6$, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

243 views

### Taylor expansion of the determinant of a Riemannian metric

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold without boundary. Fix a point $x\in M$ and $N\ge 2$ large. Then there exists a metric $\tilde g$, conformal to $g$ such that $$ \det \tilde g=1+O(r^N)$$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

165 views

### Cavalieri's principle and inversion of the Vandermonde matrix

There are many examples on the Web of the use of Cavalieri's principle in determining areas and volumes of 2-D and 3-D geometrical figures. The Wikipedia link uses the principle as both a proof and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### Characterization of $l_p$ up to a linear isometry

There is a science called "Geometry of Banach spaces". I wonder if they managed to give a geometric characterization of $\ell_p$ ($p\in[1,\infty]$) up to isometric isomorphism (among all Banach ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

644 views

### “Entropy” proof of Brunn-Minkowski Inequality?

I read in an information theory textbook the Brunn-Minkowski inequality follows from the Entropy Power inequality.
The first one says that if $A,B$ are convex polygons in $\mathbb{R}^d$, then
$$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

93 views

### Bound on maximum distance between points on a unit N-Sphere

I want to select M points on the N-sphere such that $min_{i\neq j,i,j\in \{1..M\}} ||x_i - x_j||$ is maximized.
Are there good upper bounds for this max-min distance?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

168 views

### Can we obtain topology results using analysis in metric measures spaces?

Let $M$ be a smooth compact manifold. It is known that a lower bound on the Ricci curvature is equivalent to the convexity of the entropy on $\mathcal{P}^2(M)$ (Von Rennesse and Sturm '05), but I ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Covering fat objects with fat objects

The family of rectangles has the cover property, i.e.:
For every $R\geq 1$, $k\geq 1$: every rectangle with aspect ratio $kR$ can be exactly covered by $\lceil k\rceil$ (possibly overlapping) ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

107 views

### both convex and superharmonic function on manifold concave?

M is a non-compact Rimannian manifold without boundary.
$f\in W_{loc}^{1,2}(M)$ satisfies $\Delta f \leq c$ in the weak sense, i.e.
$$
-\int_M \langle \nabla f,\nabla \psi \rangle dvol \leq c\int_M ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

338 views

### Riemannian distance functions on the real line

A distance function $d: \mathbb{R} \times \mathbb{R} \rightarrow [0,\infty)$ that is defined by a smooth Riemannian metric on the real line satisfies the following properties:
$d$ is a length metric ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

345 views

### Surface area of convex hull [duplicate]

Let Q be the convex hull of a non-convex polyhedron P. Is it true that the surface area of Q is not greater than the surface area of P?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Does the R-sphere condition imply that a surface is locally a graph of function on a ball of radius R?

Let $S$ be a $C^2$-regular hypersurface with $S=\partial V$ for some open set $V \subset R^{N+1}$, and let $\nu(P)$ be the exterior unit normal of $S$ with respect to $V$.
Assume that $S$ satisfies ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### The Mahler conjecture and non-zonoidal 3-polytopes (4-polytopes)

I have been working on the Mahler conjecture for over a year now and have made some progress for certain classes of convex polytopes and I'm now attempting to write up my results specified to ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

114 views

### Volume of specials sets on sphere $S^N$

Suppose I'm given $m$ points $\{q_i\}$ on the sphere $S^N$. I want to get a lower/upper bound for the volume of the following sets with respect to uniform probability measure $\mathbb{P}$ on the ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

229 views

### diameter as a Morse function

Consider the space $X_1$ of closed subsets not containing a pair of antipodal points of the unit circle. Here we have a kind of degenerate Morse function, defined by the diameter of the pointset. ...

**22**

votes

**0**answers

376 views

### Is there an Ehrhart polynomial for Gaussian integers

Let $N$ be a positive integer and let $P \subset \mathbb{C}$ be a polygon whose vertices are of the form $(a_1+b_1 i)/N$, $(a_2+b_2 i)/N$, ..., $(a_r+b_r i)/N$, with $a_j + b_j i$ being various ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

34 views

### Maximum crossings of curvature-constrained curve

Let $C$ be a curve in the plane whose curvature is everywhere $\le 1$.
If $C$ has length $L$, what is the largest number of proper self-crossings
of $C$ as a function of $L$?
For example, the curve ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

551 views

### On bi-invariant metrics on groups

I'm looking for a quick, snap-your-fingers proof of the following result:
A continuous length metric on $\mathbb{R}^n$ that is invariant under translations comes from a norm.
To be clear about ...

**16**

votes

**0**answers

228 views

### “Japanese Theorem” on cyclic polygons: Higher-dimensional generalizations?

A beautiful theorem known as the Japanese Theorem (Wikipedia, MathWorld)
says that, no matter how one triangulates a cyclic (inscribed in a circle) polygon,
the sum of the radii of the incircles is ...