4
votes
1answer
183 views

Boundaries of relatively hyperbolic groups

When the interior of an n-manifold $M$ has a pinched negative curvature metric of finite volume, then its fundamental group $\Gamma=\pi_1M$ is relatively hyperbolic relative to the parabolic groups ...
7
votes
1answer
415 views

Is this knot invariant already treated somewhere in the literature?

Fix a knot type $K \subset S^3$, and consider the set $$Y_K = \{ \mbox{Diagrams of }K \} / \mbox{planar isotopy}.$$ We can turn $Y_K$ into a metric space by considering the distance induced by ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Entangled helical knots

Consider a pair of disjoint, congruent helices $H_1$ and $H_2$ passing through one another in the following sense. (Caveat lector: This question is not of general interest! It is also long.) $H_1$ is ...
10
votes
1answer
257 views

Tverberg's theorem in CAT(0) spaces

Does Tverberg's theorem hold for CAT(0) spaces of covering dimension $d<\infty$: Is it true that for any $d$-dimensional $CAT(0)$-space $X$ and a subset $E\subset X$ of cardinality $(d + 1)(r - ...
9
votes
1answer
193 views

Why do convex polytope options constrict with dimension, rather than expand?

There are an infinite number of regular polygons in the plane, five regular polyhedra, six regular polytopes in $\mathbb{R}^4$, and then three regular polytopes in every dimension $d > 4$. There ...
11
votes
1answer
342 views

Does Gromov's Waist Inequality imply Borsuk-Ulam?

I'm curious if anyone can see a route to get the Borsuk-Ulam theorem from Gromov's waist inequality. For the sake of notation, here's the inequality: Let $S^n$ denote the round unit sphere in ...
10
votes
1answer
227 views

Mapping class group and CAT(0) spaces

I hope the questions are not too vague. Is the mapping class group of an orientable punctured surface $CAT(0)$ ? Is any of the remarkable simplicial complexes (curve complex, arc complex...) built ...
11
votes
3answers
241 views

Are there quanitative versions of Thurston's geometrization for manifolds which fiber over $S^1$?

The geometrization theorem tells us: Theorem (Thurston) The mapping torus $M_\phi$ of a pseudo-Anosov diffeomorphism $\phi: S_g \rightarrow S_g$ from a genus $g$ surface to itself admits a ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Are harmonic maps quasiconformal at the boundary of hyperbolic spaces?

Let $M$ be a hyperbolic $3$-manifold and $X$ a negatively curved, simply connected space with geometric boundary $\partial X$. If $\rho:\pi_1M\rightarrow Isom(X)$ does not fix a point in $\partial ...
6
votes
0answers
178 views

Right-angled polytopes

%This question is motivated by the little discussion here at the bottom. The following thing are known about hyperbolic right-angled polytopes: Compact hyperbolic right-angled polytopes do not ...
5
votes
1answer
205 views

Standard (special) spines and hyperbolic structure on 3-manifolds

My question relates to constructing angled triangulations or hyperbolic triangulations for $3$--manifolds. Briefly, an angle triangulation can be considered as an assignment of a real number (called ...
6
votes
1answer
509 views

How metric is Riemannian geometry

Let $(M, g)$ be a finite-dimensional Riemannian manifold. It is well-known, that the Riemannian metric induce a metric on the manifold by $$d(x, y) = \text{inf} \int_a^b \| \dot\gamma(t) \| \, ...
11
votes
3answers
585 views

What fraction of n-point sets in the unit ball have diameter smaller than 1?

This question is inspired by a recent talk by Matt Kahle on random geometric complexes. Some simple notation: let $\mathcal{B} \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be the unit ball in $d$-dimensional Euclidean ...
0
votes
0answers
167 views

Proper Group action on a metric space

Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space and $C\subset X$ be a compact subset. Let furthermore $G$ be a group that acts on $X$ proper and by isometries. Does there exist an $\epsilon >0 $ such that: Let $U=$ ...
1
vote
1answer
178 views

simplicial complex equipped with barycenric metric is complete [closed]

Consider a simplicial complex $C$. On its support $$|C|=\lbrace \alpha = \sum_{v\in C}\alpha_{v}v \mid 0\leq \alpha_{v} \leq 1 , \sum_{v\in C}\alpha_{v} =1\mbox{ and }v|{\alpha_{v}} \neq 0\mbox{ is a ...
11
votes
1answer
243 views

Is every connected metrizable locally path connected space a length space?

Does every connected metrizable locally path connected topological space $X$ admit a compatible metric $d$ so that $(X,d)$ is a length space? (Edit to correct definition: Recall that a metric space ...
9
votes
0answers
274 views

Is the connected sum of knots an isometry?

Take $X$ as the set of knots in the 3-sphere (i.e. smooth embeddings of $S^1$ in $S^3$ up to smooth isotopy), endowed with the Gordian distance $d$. For a fixed knot $K$ we can define the map ...
6
votes
0answers
282 views

A conjecture of Thurston and possibly Weeks too

What is the status of the following conjecture: "... [w]hen the shortest simple closed geodesics are repeatedly removed from any complete hyperbolic 3-manifold of finite volume, eventually one ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

Fractal dimension of 1D set, what if logN vs log(e) is a polygonal chain?

I have a finite set of points, and plot the graph log(N) vs. log(e). I see a polygonal chain (the final slope, starting at some size of e, is zero, of course). If the set represents some physical ...
2
votes
0answers
155 views

Computing the Volume of Closed 3-Manifolds and the Geometrization Conjecture

My question is whether or not if I generalize Theorem 2(i) of "Contact Graphs of Unit Sphere Packings Revisited" [2012] by K. Bezdek and S. Reid (arXiv link) which states The number of touching ...
11
votes
0answers
366 views

Does every connected set that is not a line segment cross some dyadic square?

A dyadic square is a subset of $R^2$ of the form $x + 2^{-n} [0,1]^2$ with $x \in 2^{-m} Z^2$, for integers $m,n \geq 0$. We say that a set $A$ crosses a square $S$ if there exists a connected subset ...
5
votes
1answer
201 views

QVH characterization of virtually special groups

Agol's recent VHC paper gave a characterization of virtually special groups in terms of being $\mathcal{QVH}$. He remarks that this may be taken as the defining property of virtually special groups ...
11
votes
1answer
228 views

Walls of CAT(0) cube complex sufficiently far apart implies intersection of stabilizers finite

I was reading through Agol's paper on the Virtual Haken Conjecture and I came across a claim whose proof I am after. It seems to boil down to the following claim about the hyperplanes and their ...
2
votes
2answers
220 views

Combination theorems for discrete subgroups of isometry groups

Maskit's combination theorem says: if $M=M_1\cup_\Sigma M_2$ is a union of hyperbolic 3-manifolds $M_1=\Gamma_1\backslash H^3, M_2=\Gamma_2\backslash H^3$ along a surface $\Sigma$, and if the limit ...
13
votes
1answer
322 views

Is $\partial X$ a sphere for $X$ a complete CAT$(0)$ space?

Let $X$ be a complete CAT$(0)$ metric space, and $\partial X$ its boundary. One way to define $\partial X$ is as the equivalence class of geodesic rays $\gamma(t), \gamma'(t)$ that remain within a ...
3
votes
1answer
166 views

Are faces of a compact, convex body “opposed” iff their extreme points are pairwise “opposed”?

Let $P$ be a compact, convex subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ (infinite-dimensional generalisations welcome, but not necessary). Let's say that disjoint subsets $W_1$, $W_2$ $\subset P$ are opposed if there ...
8
votes
2answers
691 views

Altitudes of a triangle

The three altitudes of a triangle are concurrent -- this is true in all three constant curvature geometries (Euclidean, hyperbolic, spherical), but, as far as I know, the proofs are different in the ...
8
votes
1answer
344 views

Uniform Embedding into Euclidean Space

Given a locally compact, separable, metric space $X$. When does $X$ uniformly embed into some Euclidean space? This means, when does there exist some integer $n$ and a closed subset ...
3
votes
1answer
289 views

Least cardinality of a set of points in the plane

What is the least possible cardinality $K$, of a set S of points in the plane, such that there exists a point P in the plane and an open ball B centered at P, such that for all points X in B, not all ...
1
vote
1answer
250 views

Discrete subgroups of isometry group of proper metric space

Let $X$ be a proper metric space and consider its isometry group $\mathrm{ISO}(X)$ endowed with the compact-open topology. Let $G$ be a subgroup of $\mathrm{ISO}(X)$. Consider the following ...
20
votes
0answers
564 views

Boundaries of noncompact contractible manifolds

It is known that a manifold $B$ bounds a compact contractible topological manifold if and only if $B$ is a homology sphere. The "only if" direction follows by excising a small ball in the interior of ...
1
vote
1answer
144 views

s-densities and conformal measures

I recently learnt about s-densities: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Density_on_a_manifold#s-densities_on_a_vector_space For simplicity suppose that the vector space in this definition is \R. The prime ...
2
votes
3answers
278 views

Local finiteness and coarse bounded geometry

I've just started learning these things and so probably my questions will be very easy. Please forgive me. A metric space $(X,d)$ is called locally finite if every bounded set is finite. A metric ...
6
votes
1answer
504 views

Metric spheres in CAT(0) manifolds

Let $X$ be a topological manifold of dimension $n$, equipped with a compatible CAT(0) metric. Are sufficiently small metric spheres in $X$ homeomorphic to metric spheres in Euclidean space ...
1
vote
1answer
188 views

Warped product neighborhoods of geodesic hypersurfaces

Is it true that any totally geodesic hypersurface in a nonpositively curved manifold has a tubular neighborhood such that the metric on the neighborhood is a warped product? At least, if the manifold ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Is there a linear embedding of a simplical 3-complex in R^6?

I've heard that there always is an embedding in $R^7$ (can someone provide a reference for that?) and this number cannot be lowered in general. But I'm interested in a somewhat special case, namely: ...
1
vote
2answers
291 views

Can a set of tetrahedra glued together by a common vertex be isometrically embedded in R^4?

A collection of triangles with a common vertex $A_1VA_2$, $A_2VA_3$, ... $A_NVA_1$ with specified side lengths can be isometrically embedded in $R^2$ provided the angles around $V$ add up to $2\pi$. ...
5
votes
0answers
170 views

How do metrics behave under joining along a manifold embedded in the boundary?

How do metrics behave under joining along a manifold embedded in the boundary? This is, more-or-less, part of Problem 4.66 in Kirby's List: Problem 4.66 How do metrics (e.g. Riemannian, Lorentz, ...
6
votes
1answer
378 views

Space-discriminating injective curve

Let $f\colon \mathbb R^1\to \mathbb R^3$ be a continuous and injective map. Is $\mathbb R^3\setminus f(\mathbb R^1)$ a path-connected space?
4
votes
1answer
680 views

Example in dimension theory

Could you give me an example of a complete metric space wiht covering dimension $> n$ all of which compact subsets have covering dimension $\le n$?
4
votes
2answers
288 views

How indepenedent of a chosen metric is the box-counting dimension? Is there a non-integral dimension which is defined for topological spaces?

Question 1. Given a topological space $X$ and two metrics $a$ and $b$ on it, compatible with the topology, what conditions should I impose on them so that box-counting (or other, for example ...
39
votes
3answers
2k views

Explicit metrics

Every surface admits metrics of constant curvature, but there is usually a disconnect between these metrics, the shapes of ordinary objects, and typical mathematical drawings of surfaces. Can ...
6
votes
2answers
757 views

G-spaces and manifolds

In his book "The geometry of geodesics" H. Busemann defines the notion of a G-space to be a space which satisfies the following axioms: The space is metric The space is finitely compact, i.e., a ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

De Rham decomposition theorem, generalisations and good references

De Rham decomposition theorem states that every simply-connected Riemannian manifold $M$ that admits complementary sub-bundles $T'(M)$ and $T''(M)$ of its tangent bundle parallel with respect to the ...
3
votes
1answer
532 views

Do continuous maps give continuity in the 'topology' of Hausdorff distance?

I was reading this question: limiting behaviour of converging loops on a torus And I wanted to be able to give an argument along the lines of: "If your loops are converging in your torus, their ...
11
votes
3answers
746 views

To what extent is convexity a local property?

A polyhedron is the intersection of a finite collection of halfspaces. These halfspaces are not assumed to be linear, i.e. their bounding hyperplanes are not assumed to contain the origin. The ...
5
votes
2answers
381 views

Better term for a (simplicial) contractible plane continuum

In this joint paper that I should be working on, we make significant use of a certain generalization of a triangulated disk. Many of our important examples are triangulated disks, but we are also ...
5
votes
3answers
588 views

How can I embed an N-points metric space to a hypercube with low distortion?

I have a N-point metric space defined by the pairwise distance matrix. I want to encode these N points with binary strings, i.e. each point will be mapped to a vertex in a hypercube. The lengths of ...
-6
votes
4answers
555 views

What is the max number of points in R^3, interconnected by generic curves?

The largest complete graph that embeds in 2 dimensions is $K_4$, while the largest complete graph that embeds in 3 dimensions is $K_{\infty}$, right? However, I don't know any constructive proof of ...
1
vote
0answers
288 views

What are some special properties of the Euclidean R^3? [closed]

Premise: Any physically possible process of computations requires an underlying physical process. Such physical process can exist only in the available physical space, which can be modeled by the ...