# Tagged Questions

**3**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Characterization of $l_p$ up to a linear isometry

There is a science called "Geometry of Banach spaces". I wonder if they managed to give a geometric characterization of $\ell_p$ ($p\in[1,\infty]$) up to isometric isomorphism (among all Banach ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

606 views

### “Entropy” proof of Brunn-Minkowski Inequality?

I read in an information theory textbook the Brunn-Minkowski inequality follows from the Entropy Power inequality.
The first one says that if $A,B$ are convex polygons in $\mathbb{R}^d$, then
$$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

165 views

### Can we obtain topology results using analysis in metric measures spaces?

Let $M$ be a smooth compact manifold. It is known that a lower bound on the Ricci curvature is equivalent to the convexity of the entropy on $\mathcal{P}^2(M)$ (Von Rennesse and Sturm '05), but I ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### both convex and superharmonic function on manifold concave?

M is a non-compact Rimannian manifold without boundary.
$f\in W_{loc}^{1,2}(M)$ satisfies $\Delta f \leq c$ in the weak sense, i.e.
$$
-\int_M \langle \nabla f,\nabla \psi \rangle dvol \leq c\int_M ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### Separable Banach spaces which are absolute Lipschitz retracts

A subset $F$ of a metric space $M$ is called a Lipschitz retract of $M$ if there is a Lipschitz map from $M$ onto $F$ which coincides with the identity on $F$. A metric space which is a Lipschitz ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### construction of heat kernels for non-compact manifolds with boundary

Recently, I am studying heat semigroup for noncompact manifolds with boundary.
In Issac Chavel's book "eigenvalues in Riemannian geometry". "Given a noncompact Riemannian manifold, it need not be ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

295 views

### When does heat kernel have both Gaussian upper and lower bounds?

Recently, I am reading Sturm's paper "Analysis on local Dirichlet form III: X is a locally compact separable Hausdorff space and m is a positive Radon measure with supp[m]=X.
$\varepsilon$ is a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

138 views

### heat kernel $p_t(x_0,y) \in D(\Delta) \cap L^\infty$ for a manifold with Ricci curvature bounded below?

X is an n-dim Riemannian manifold with the Dirichlet form
$$
\varepsilon (u,v) =-\int_X \langle \nabla u,\nabla v \rangle
$$
for $u,v \in W^{1,2}(X)$.
Let $P_t$ and $p_t(x,y)$ be the associate ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### generator of Dirichlet form coincide with the absolute part of the “Laplacian”

Let M be an Riemannian manifold with the Dirichlet form $$\varepsilon (u,v) =-\int_M \langle \nabla u,\nabla v \rangle$$ for $u,v \in W^{1,2}_0(M)$. Let $\Delta^M:D(\Delta^M) \to L^2(M)$ denote the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

68 views

### Dirichlet energy with domain $W^{1,2}(M)$ or $W^{1,2}_{loc}(M)$ can be a specific Dirichlet form?

M is a Riemannian manifold, $\varepsilon(f,g)=\int_M \langle {\nabla f,\nabla g}\rangle dvol$.
Then with which domain is $\varepsilon$ a strongly local, regular and tight Dirichlet form?
$W^{1,2}(M)$ ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

876 views

### Heat flow $P_tf \to f$ in $W^{1,2}$ for $f \in W^{1,2}$?

$\varepsilon:L^2(X,m) \to [0,\infty]$ is a strongly local, symmetric Dirichlet form generating a Markov semigroup $(P_t)_{t\ge0}$ in $L^2(X,m)$. Let $D(\varepsilon)=\{f\in ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

229 views

### Does a metric refine the weak-* topology on a dual space?

Let $X$ be a topological affine space over $\mathbb C$, with no additional assumptions. Let $X^*$ denote its dual space of continuous affine functionals $X \to \mathbb C$, equipped with the weak-$*$ ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

198 views

### Distortion of tree embedding in Alexandrov spaces

It is a well-known theorem first proved by Bourgain that any map $\varphi:T_n\to H$ from the binary tree of height $n$ to a Hilbert space has distortion at least $C \sqrt{\ln n}$ where $C$ is a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

454 views

### complete metric space

Hallo, I have the following question:
Let $(X,d)$ be a complete metric space. Is then $(X,\operatorname{dist})$ also complete? Here by $\operatorname{dist}$ I mean the metric induced by $d$ by: ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### The pth power of a distance function is twice continuously differentiable, for $p>2$?

Suppose $\mathcal{O}$ is an open convex connected strict subset in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and define $\beta(x)=dist(x, \mathcal{O})$, for each $x\in\mathbb{R}^n$.
Is $\beta^p$, $p>2$ a twice continuously ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

582 views

### A characterization of Hilbert spaces?

My question was prompted by an earlier MO by @Daniel:
Duality map in strictly convex Banach spaces
I will even use his symbol $\phi$ below.
Let $B$ be an ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

429 views

### For what spaces is the Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator of strong type $(p,p)$ if and only if $p > p_0 > 1$?

(This is essentially a continuation of my previous question, here.)
Let $(X,d,\mu)$ be a metric measure space, i.e. $\mu$ is a Borel measure on the metric space $(X,d)$. Further assume (though you ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

99 views

### What is the doubling dimension of convex functions?

I am interested in the complexity of convex functions, specifically the "doubling dimension" of the class of convex functions defined on a compact subset of Euclidean space, when compared using the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

260 views

### For which metric measure spaces is the Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator not of weak type (1,1)?

Let $(X,d,\mu)$ be a metric measure space, i.e. $\mu$ is a Borel measure on the metric space $(X,d)$. I'll denote the Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator - either centred or uncentred, I don't mind ...

**2**

votes

**4**answers

400 views

### Continuous pointwise ergodic theorem?

Let $\Phi$ be a homeomorphism of a compact metric space $M$
which preserves a regular Borel
probability measure $\mu$.(`Regular' $\mu(U) > 0$, if U open. )
Under these hypothesis, I have two ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

72 views

### Log-nonexpansive functions: terminology and references

During my recent work in the optimization of positive valued functions, the following class of functions proved to be exceptionally important.
(Defn.). Let $h: (0,\infty) \to (0,\infty)$ be ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Regularity of simplices, part deux

This question is directly inspired by Pietro Majer's question and my answer to it.
One can define a simplex, and the dihedral angles thereof in an infinite dimensional Hilbert space (one has to take ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Are faces of a compact, convex body “opposed” iff their extreme points are pairwise “opposed”?

Let $P$ be a compact, convex subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ (infinite-dimensional generalisations welcome, but not necessary). Let's say that disjoint subsets $W_1$, $W_2$ $\subset P$ are opposed if there ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Does homeomorphism preserves the family of cones?

Let me state my problem. Suppose we have a ball $B$ in standard $\mathbb{R}^3$, that is a $\varepsilon$-neighbourhood of $0$ point. Suppose we have a family of cones $X_C = \lbrace C > 0 \vert x^2 ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

513 views

### Question on Hilbert Manifolds

I have a very basic question on Hilbert manifolds.
Consider the Hilbert space
$$
\mathcal{H}:= L^2(S^1)
$$
with $S^1$ the unit circle.
On $\mathcal{H}$ let us introduce the equivalence relation
$$
...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

384 views

### High-dimensional geometry: Top-down Vs. Bottom-up

There are several ways to leverage one's intuition from low-dimensional geometry to understand high-dimensional phenomena. For example, one can get a clearer picture of the behaviour of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### Parameterizing infinitesimal perturbations of the sphere using signed measures

Let $\mathcal K^3$ be the space of convex bodies, with some metric $\delta$, and let $B$ be the unit ball. Let us define a volume-preserving perturbation of the sphere to be a continuous (substitute ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

258 views

### Local minimum from directional derivatives in the space of convex bodies

I have a function $f(K)$ defined on the space of three-dimensional convex bodies for which I want to show that the unit ball $B$ is a local minimum. I have been able to show if $K$ is not homothetic ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### Completing The Space Sections in a Vectorbundle

Hi there.
Assume $(M,g)$ is a Riemanian manifold and $E\to M$ is a
vector bundle with a bundle metric $\langle\cdot,\cdot\rangle$. We then have the pre-Hilbert space $H_0:=\Gamma_c^\infty(E)$ of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

410 views

### What do we get from an euclidian affine structure ?

Imagine you investigate a set of objects $\mathcal{E}$, and you just realize this that $\mathcal{E}$ possesses an affine structure with respect to some real vector space $\mathcal{V}$ having a scalar ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Is there an elementary proof for preserving inequalities under the change of l_p metrics?

Here is what I mean exactly:
Let $A=(a_1,a_2)$ and $B=(b_1,b_2)$ be two points in the real plane (for simplicity, but general finite dimensions would also be nice), and define the $\ell_p$-metric as ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

338 views

### An extension of Gaussian Isoperimetry

The Gaussian isoperimetric inequality (Tsirelson,Sudakov, Borell) states that among all sets of given Gaussian measure in the n-dimensional Euclidean space, half-spaces have the minimal Gaussian ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

502 views

### Controlling the Lipschitz norm of the limit of a sequence of functions

Consider the Fréchet space $\Omega = C(\mathbb R^d)$ of real-valued continuous functions equipped with the seminorms $$\|f\|_D := \sup_{x,y \in D} \left\{ |f(x)|, \tfrac{|f(x)-f(y)|}{|x-y|} \right\}, ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

330 views

### Nonexpansive multi-valued maps in $\ell^2$

Let $C$ be a nonempty bounded closed convex subset, say the unit ball, of $\ell^2(\mathbb{N})$. Let $T: C\to 2^C$ be a map such that $T(x)$ is nonempty closed for each $x$, and that $$D(Tx,Ty)\le ...

**16**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Unexpected applications of Dvoretzky's theorem

Dvoretzky's theorem is a classic of convex geometry. Recently at a conference in quantum information I learned (from Patrick Hayden's talk) about a nontrivial application of the theorem to a problem ...

**2**

votes

**4**answers

187 views

### How to compare finite point sets in normed spaces?

I want to define a "distance" between two subsets $A, B$ of a normed space $(V, \|\cdot\|)$ both with (at most) $n$ elements. A straightforward way for me to do this would be to define
$$ d(A, B) := ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

564 views

### Small crown probabilities (and infinite dimensional margin assumption)

My question is:
How do I find sharp upper bounds on $P(|q|\leq \epsilon)$ uniformly over a set of gaussian polynomes $q$ of degree two.
Notations and definitions (to make the question rigorous)
...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

4k views

### L1 distance between gaussian measures

L1 distance between gaussian measures: Definition
Let $P_1$ and $P_0$ be two gaussian measures on $\mathbb{R}^p$ with respective "mean,Variance" $m_1,C_1$ and $m_0,C_0$ (I assume matrices have full ...

**12**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Almost orthogonal vectors

This is to do with high dimensional geometry, which I'm always useless with. Suppose with have some large integer n and some small $\epsilon>0$. Working in the unit sphere of $\mathbb R^n$ or ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

515 views

### Quantitative questions about the size of a finite epsilon net

Let $X$ be a metric space, and let $U \subset X$ be any set. A finite set $N = N(\epsilon) \subset U$ is called a finite $\epsilon$-net of $U$ if every point of $U$ is at most a distance of ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

769 views

### To what extent is convexity a local property?

A polyhedron is the intersection of a finite collection of halfspaces. These halfspaces are not assumed to be linear, i.e. their bounding hyperplanes are not assumed to contain the origin. The ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

327 views

### Estimating flat norm distance from a planar disc

Let $D\subset\mathbb R^2\subset\mathbb R^n$ be a unit planar disc in $\mathbb R^n$. Let $S$ be an orientable two-dimensional surface in $\mathbb R^n$ such that $\partial S=\partial D$. Of course, we ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

604 views

### How can I embed an N-points metric space to a hypercube with low distortion?

I have a N-point metric space defined by the pairwise distance matrix. I want to encode these N points with binary strings, i.e. each point will be mapped to a vertex in a hypercube. The lengths of ...

**9**

votes

**7**answers

673 views

### What are some interesting ways of making new metrics out of old metrics?

If $d(x,y)$ and $e(x,y)$ are metrics then $d(x,y)+e(x,y)$ and $\frac{d(x,y)}{1+d(x,y)}$ are metrics.
If $d_i(x,y)$ for $i=1,\dots,n$ are metrics then so is $\sqrt{\sum_{i=1}^n{d_i^2(x,y)}}$
Are ...