# Tagged Questions

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### Maximum possible number of similar three-colored triangles

I want to maximize the number of similar triangles with vertices from three fixed sets, one vertex from each set. For example, if you fix two points $X$, $Y$ (i.e. two sets with only one member), then ...
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### Hexagon Formed by connecting Trisections of triangle sides [closed]

Is there a theorem for the area of the hexagon formed by connecting the points formed when the sides of a triangle are trisected? It appears that the ratio of the area of the triangle to the area of ...
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### A conjecture about cross sections of a pyramid [closed]

Show that for $n\ge 5$, a cross-section of a pyramid whose base is a regular $n$-gon cannot be a regular $(n + 1)$-gon. This is a conjecture I came across while trying to solve this problem. I was ...
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### Continuity of minimizers to distance function from point to convex set

Suppose I am minimizing the Euclidean distance in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ between a point $y$ and compact convex set $U$ (where $y\notin U$): $\min_{x\in U}\|x-y\|$. I believe the minimizer $x_{U}^{*}$ is ...
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### Points contained in a disk [closed]

I have a question, but not sure how to prove this. We are given $n$ points in the Euclidean plane such that there exists no disk of radius $a$ which contains all of the points. Conjecture: There ...
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### How to find a tetrahedron that covers four points?

I’m looking for an explicit formula for the vertices of a regular tetrahedron that covers four given points. In particular: Given four distinct real numbers $a_1$, $a_2$, $a_3$, $a_4$, is there a ...
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### Approximation of a convex body by a contained polytope

This question deals with approximating a convex body (a compact convex set of $\mathbb{R}^d$ with non-empty interior) by convex polytopes. For a given $\delta$, let $n_\delta$ be the number of faces ...
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### Right triangle with edge lengths equal to regular unit polygon edge lengths

This question came up naturally recently from a blog post of John Baez. There is an observation of Euclid that edges of a pentagon, hexagon, and decagon inscribed in a unit circle form the edges of a ...
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### Heronian triangle with two sides that are prime

Can any prime number form a Heronian triangle with a second prime as another side? I cannot find a second prime to form a Heronian triangle with either 23 or 167. I have checked up to the 10^7th prime ...
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### Equipartition of the circle [closed]

Browsing an old technical studies pupil's school book, I have found the description of a method to place at equal distance $N$ points on the circumference of a circle. I am looking for a proof of this ...
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### The Eyeball Theorem generalized

I have not seen the 2D Eyeball Theorem—that tangents from the centers of two circles, each encompassing the other, intersect each circle in the same segment length—generalized to higher ...
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### Inequality involving the side lengths of a quadrilateral

If $a$, $b$, $c$ and $d$ are the four sides of a quadrilateral, the problem is to show that $ab^2(b-c)+bc^2(c-d)+cd^2(d-a)+da^2(a-b)\ge 0$. I've verified it to be true for quite a large number of ...
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### Shrink polygon to a specific area by offsetting

I have a 2D polygon that I want to shrink by a specific offset (A) to match a certain area ratio (R) of the original polygon. Is there a formula or algorithm for such a problem? I am interested in a ...
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### Does every connected set that is not a line segment cross some dyadic square?

A dyadic square is a subset of $R^2$ of the form $x + 2^{-n} [0,1]^2$ with $x \in 2^{-m} Z^2$, for integers $m,n \geq 0$. We say that a set $A$ crosses a square $S$ if there exists a connected subset ...
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### College (Euclidean) geometry textbook recommendations

I will be teaching a mid-level undergraduate course in Euclidean geometry this fall. Has anyone taught such a course, who can recommend a good textbook? My students will mostly be future high school ...
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### Error Metric which incorporates both mean & standard deviation of data in euclidean space

For simplicities sake (the actually problem is more complex)...Let say I have a set of n 3d points, whose position move over time. For all pairs, I have calculated the mean and standard deviation of ...
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### Reconstructing an Euclidean point cloud from their pairwise distances

I have a collection of points $P_1, ..., P_N$ in some Euclidean space $\mathbb R^m$ and the coordinates $x_1, x_2, ..., x_N$ respectively associated with them, where $x_i$ is the usual Cartesian tuple ...
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What is a good reference for the following result which I believe is proved by Tchebotarev. There are exactly 5 types of Lunes that are squarable. (Hippocrates produced three and then two more were ...
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### Reorienting a ladder among $\mathbb{Z}^2$ poles

Imagine an object, which I'll call a ladder $\cal{L}$, a "racetrack" shape composed of a rectangle of length $L$ capped at either end by semicircles of radius $r$; so it is $L+2r$ tip-to-tip. View ...
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### Interpolating points with minimum curvature constraint

I have $n$ points $p_i$ strictly interior to a rectangle $R$, and I would like to connect them with a curve $C$ whose curvature is as low as possible. Let $\kappa_\max(C)$ be the sharpest (largest ...
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### Ratio of circumscribed/inscribed $(n{-}1)$-gons

As a discrete analog of the MO question, "Löwner-John Ellipsoid: incribed and circumscribed," I've been wondering what might be the maximum ratio of this quantity? Let $P$ be a convex polygon of $n$ ...
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### Maximum thickness of three linked Euclidean solid tori

Consider three circles of radius 1 in $\mathbb{R}^3$, linked with each other in the same arrangement as three fibers of the Hopf fibration. Now thicken the circles up into non-overlapping standard ...
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### 3-piece dissection of square to equilateral triangle?

At a workshop it was suggested that it likely remains an open problem whether or not there is a 3- or 2 -piece dissection of a square to an equilateral triangle. Can anyone confirm that this is ...
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### Covering a sphere using reflections of an intersection of three lunes

I have been trying to figure this problem out for a while, and while I believe someone must have figured it out hundreds of years ago, I still can't quite get it. Suppose we have a 3-dimensional ...
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### Determine if circle is covered by some set of other circles

Suppose you have a set of circles $\mathcal{C} = \{ C_1, \ldots, C_n \}$ each with a fixed radius $r$ but varying centre coordinates. Next, you are given a new circle $C_{n+1}$ with the same radius ...
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### What is the limit of the “knight” distance on finer and finer chessboards?

Consider the "infinite chessboard" on the plane. Think of it as the lattice $X_1:=\mathbb{Z}^2$, and also finer chessboards $X_n$ corresponding to $\frac{1}{n}\cdot \mathbb{Z}^2$, $n\geq 1$. Given two ...
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### Quadrilateral from 4 random points

Given 4 random points in 2D, how do I compute the area of the quadrilateral formed by the points? I'm aware of formulae giving the area when I know the sides a,b,c,d and the diagonals p & q. But ...
Polya's orchard problem asks for which radius $\rho$ of trees at each lattice point within a distance $R$ of the origin block all lines of sight to the exterior of the orchard. ...
I believe one can fill $\mathbb{R}^3$ with horizontal translates of the helix $(\cos t, \sin t, t) \;,\; t \in \mathbb{R}$, so that every point of $\mathbb{R}^3$ lies in exactly one helix. I am ...