Euclidean, hyperbolic, discrete, convex, coarse geometry, comparisons in Riemannian geometry, symmetric spaces.

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2
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66 views

Gromov's compactness theorem for manifolds with boundary

The Gromov's compactness theorem says that if $\{M_i^n\}$ is a sequence of closed Riemannian manifolds of dimension $n$ with uniformly bounded diameter and uniformly bounded from below Ricci curvature ...
-4
votes
0answers
36 views

When does equality occur in the triangle inequality in metric space? [on hold]

When I think of R^n , n<=3 ; it is very easy given the usual metric. But what if the metric is not usual?
0
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2answers
44 views

Pairwise distance distribution for point clouds (normal distribution) [on hold]

I have a point cloud (2D for now) of $N$ normally distributed points (with a certain $\sigma$). My first question would be how the pairwise distance distribution looks (just by chance I discovered a ...
8
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0answers
151 views

On the global structure of the Gromov-Hausdorff metric space

This is a purely idle question, which emerged during a conversation with a friend about what is (not) known about the space of compact metric spaces. I originally asked this question at ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Concave functions on a cone over Alexandrov space

Let $\Sigma$ be an Alexandrov space of curvature $\geq 1$ without boundary. Let $X$ be the cone over $\Sigma$. $X$ is well known to be non-negatively curved. Let $f\colon X\to \mathbb{R}$ be a ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Two geodesics with angle $\pi$ in Alexandrov space

Let two geodesic segments in an Alexandrov space with curvature bounded from below start at the same point and the angle between them equals $\pi$. It is possible that these segments are not the two ...
1
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0answers
27 views

Perimeters of the cells of a convex tessellation

Let $C$ be a compact, convex region in $\mathbb{R}^2$, and say we have scalars $a_i, b_i, c_i$ for $i\in\{1,\dots,n\}$. Consider the tessellation $R_1,\dots,R_n$ of $C$ defined by letting ...
0
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0answers
28 views

Area of the general $n-1$ - box projected onto the general $n$ - ball [closed]

Is it possible to generalize the area of a rectangle projected onto a sphere into higher dimensions? If so, what is the "area" of the general $n-1$ - box projected onto the general $n$ - ball?
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35 views

Is there a non-polyhedral metric on a polyhedral surface? [closed]

I know of Alexandrov's Uniqueness Theorem and I know that the induced metric of any polyhedral surface is polyhedral but I was wondering if it was possible to define a metric on a polyhedral surface ...
0
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0answers
135 views

How to change the given metric if we want to add few extra isometries?

I have a Hilbert Space $X$ and a group $G$, which consists of bounded linear self-bijections of $X$ (if it helps, this group has a locally compact, but not compact topology). Is there a canonical way ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

Maximal $\pi/2$-separated subset of the sphere

A subset $A$ of a metric space is called $\varepsilon$-separated if $$dist(x,y)> \varepsilon \mbox{ for all } x\ne y\in A.$$ (Notice that the inequality in my definition is strict.) What is the ...
3
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0answers
72 views

Why is a negatively curved cone surface locally CAT(-1)?

Recently I'm reading a paper about the rigidity of negatively curved cone surfaces written by S. Hersonsky and F. Paulin. The authors said that a negatively curved cone surface is locally CAT(-1). But ...
5
votes
2answers
182 views

Does a continuous map $f$ from the $n$-ball $B$ into $R^n$ such that $B\subset f(B)$ have a fixed point?

If $f$ is a continuous map from the $n$-ball $B$ into itself, the Brouwer fixed point theorem guarantees a fixed point. What if we assume that $f$ maps $B$ into all $R^n$, and $f(B)$ contains $B$? For ...
6
votes
1answer
391 views

Approximating a real by a ratio of primes

Let $x$ and $y$ be positive reals in $(0,1)$ with $x < y$ and $y-x =\epsilon$. I seek smallest primes $p$ and $q$ such that $$x \le \frac{p}{q} \le (x+\epsilon) = y \;.$$ Q. What upper bound ...
1
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0answers
48 views

How does the singular surfaces obtained when the border of a Euclidean set becomes a point look like?

I'm curious to understand in several manner, what is the metric geometry of the metric space homeomorphic to a sphere, obtained from a compact convex set $K\subset R^2$ with the Euclidean distance, ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

The circle with minimal radius covering known finite set of points on a plane

Given some points on a plane, how to determine the circle with minimal radius covering all these points?
4
votes
0answers
118 views

Equidistribution of spheres in $\mathbb{R^2}/\mathbb{Z^2}$

Let $\mathbb{H^2}$ be the hyperbolic upper half place, and let $\Gamma$ be a lattice in $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$ acting on $\mathbb{H^2}$. A proof of the equidistribution of spheres on $\mathbb{H^2/\Gamma}$ ...
30
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3answers
1k views

Is there a subset of the plane that meets every line in two open intervals?

Using the Axiom of Choice, it is possible to construct a subset of the plane that meets every line in two points (these are called "$2$-point sets"). What if, instead of points, we ask for two open ...
4
votes
0answers
108 views

Visibility in a prime orchard

This suggests a variant on Polya's orchard problem. That problem asks1 for which radius $\epsilon$ of trees at each lattice point within a distance $R$ of the origin block all lines of sight to the ...
5
votes
0answers
89 views

$C^1$ regularity of harmonic functions on Riemannian manifolds

Consider a smooth, connected and complete Riemannian manifold $M$. It is well known that harmonic functions defined on some open subset of $M$ are $C^\infty$. I'm interested in knowing whether there ...
17
votes
5answers
1k views

How to explain the concentration-of-measure phenomenon intuitively?

One way to phrase the "concentration-of-measure" phenomenon is that, for a Euclidean sphere $S^d$ in $d$ dimensions, for large $d$, "most of the mass is close to the equator, for any equator."1 ...
1
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1answer
85 views

Gradient of distance function at cut points on Alexandrov spaces

Let $M$ be an $n$-dim Alexandrov space with curvature bounded below $sec \geqslant k$, possibly non-compact. We assume that $M$ has no boundary for simplicity. For a compact subset $K \subset M$, the ...
6
votes
1answer
174 views

Length of nearest neighbor path in travel salesman problem

Given $n$ nodes uniformly distributed in $[0,1]^2$, consider the nearest neighbor algorithm to solve traveling salesman problem, i.e., each time I select the nearest neighbor not visited so far as the ...
13
votes
2answers
388 views

A probability distribution in n dimensional space which its projection on any line is a uniform distribution?

Does there exist, for any natural $n$, a probability distribution in $\mathbb{R}^n$ whose projection on any line is a uniform distribution?
9
votes
2answers
251 views

Book on the tetrahedron

Does anybody know of a book containing "all you want to know about the tetrahedron"? What you want to know should include basic geometry of the tetrahedron, study of orthocentric tetrahedra, the Monge ...
5
votes
1answer
141 views

Measurement of “symmetry” of a convex body

I often hear that the regular simplex is "the least" symmetric convex body, and I've heard that there are some measures of symmetry of a body, that the simplex minimizes. Could you please explain or ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Number of lines of symmetry of a set of lattice points

Given some finite $S\subseteq\mathbb R^2$, it is clearly possible for $S$ to have arbitrarily many lines of symmetry. However, it is not very clear if the same is necessarily true for subsets of ...
8
votes
4answers
261 views

Diameter of random segment intersection graph?

I have an even number of points $n$ randomly distributed (uniformly) in a disk. Then the points are randomly connected to form $n/2$ segments, a perfect matching. Finally, I form the intersection ...
8
votes
2answers
189 views

Continuity of length and area

Let $C_n$ be a sequence of rectifiable simple closed curves in $\mathbb{R}^2$ that converge to a rectifiable simple closed curve $D$ in the Hausdorff topology. It is easy to construct examples where ...
1
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0answers
326 views

Vafa's semi-Ricci flat metric

Cumrun Vafa with Greene-Shapere-Yau introduced semi-Ricci flat metric here B. Greene, A. Shapere, C. Vafa, and S.-T. Yau. Stringy cosmic strings and noncompact Calabi-Yau manifolds. Nuclear Physics ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

Gromov-Hausdorff distance measure between minimum spanning trees

I am trying to compare minimum spanning trees through time. I have two questions: 1-Is it possible to measure the similarity between two minimum spanning trees with Gromov-Hausdorff distance measure ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Gauss-Bonnet formula for 2-dimensional Alexandrov spaces

EDIT: Let $S$ be a closed orientable 2-dimensional surface equipped with a metric with curvature $\geq \kappa$ in the sense of Alexandrov. Questions 1. Can one define a measure $K$ on $S$ (thought ...
10
votes
2answers
286 views

Double kissing problem

Consider two touching unit balls which will be called central balls. What is the maximum number $k$ of non-overlapping unit balls so that each ball touches as least one of two central balls? An easy ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Convex hulls have longer boundaries

Let $C$ be a rectifiable simple closed curve in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and let $D$ be the boundary of the convex hull of the region bounded by $C$. What is the most efficient way to prove that $D$ is ...
5
votes
2answers
125 views

Differentiability of polytope shadow areas

Let $P$ be an opaque convex polyhedron containing the origin in $\mathbb{R}^3$, and let $S$ be an origin-centered sphere strictly containing $P$: $S \supset P$. For a point $x$ on $S$, let $\sigma(x)$ ...
4
votes
1answer
110 views

Best polygonal approximation to a polynomial $\pm$ c

Let a planar region $R$ be defined by the vertical range bounded by a polynomial $f(x) \pm c$ with $c>0$ a constant, and with $x$ varying between the smallest and largest roots of $f(x)$. For ...
18
votes
4answers
708 views

How much redundancy resides in an $n \times n$ orthogonal matrix?

Suppose one has an $n \times n$ orthogonal matrix $M$: $$ \left( \begin{array}{ccc} 0.239326 & 0.846726 & 0.475161 \\ 0.768893 & 0.13356 & -0.625272 \\ 0.592897 & ...
6
votes
5answers
260 views

Packing obtuse vectors in $\mathbb{R}^d$

I came across this attractive theorem: Theorem. In $\mathbb{R}^d$, there can be at most $d+1$ vectors that form an obtuse angle with one another. This was proved1 as a corollary of a lemma about ...
6
votes
2answers
117 views

Geodesics on convex hypersufaces

Let $M^n$ be the boundary of a convex compact set in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ with non-empty interior. Question 1. Is $M$ geodesically complete, i.e. is it true that every geodesic (= locally shortest ...
6
votes
2answers
124 views

Alexandrov spaces which are not limits of Riemannian manifolds

Are there important/ interesting/ natural examples of compact Alexandrov spaces with curvature bounded from below which are not Gromov-Hausdorff limits of smooth compact Riemannian manifolds with ...
3
votes
0answers
114 views

when are local quasigeodesics global in CAT(0)

It is well-known (and easily shown) that a local quasi-geodesic (for some value of "local") in a $\delta$-hyperbolic space is global (one can compute the constants, as well, from local data). This is ...
6
votes
1answer
108 views

Regions on a sphere that avoid a fixed point set

Let $P$ be a finite set of points on a unit-radius sphere $S$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Treat $P$ as a fixed pattern that can be rigidly slid around $S$ as a unit (no reflection). Let $R$ be a subset of ...
4
votes
0answers
74 views

Relation between Euclidean distance matrices and squared-distance matrices

Let us refer to $D$ as the matrix with $D_{ij} = ||x_i - x_j||_2$ and $H = D \circ D$ e.g. the matrix with $H_{ij} = ||x_i - x_j||_2^2$ as its entries. Are the spectra of these matrices related at ...
21
votes
7answers
1k views

What's that shape? Inferring a 3D shape from random shadows

Let $P$ be a bounded, simply connected region of $\mathbb{R}^3$. $P$ could be a polyhedron, or a smooth shape, or an arbitrary shape; I'll assume below that $P$ is a (non-degenerate, perhaps ...
6
votes
1answer
156 views

Existence of finite set of points in the revolving circles

Let $k$ and $n$ be two fixed integers. Let $C$ denotes the circle with radius $4n$ (in the plane $\mathbb{R}^2$). Suppose $\{C_1,C_2\}$ shows the set of two arbitrary tangent circles with radius $2n$ ...
5
votes
0answers
58 views

Concavity of mixed volumes and mixed discriminants

For $n\times n$ symmetric matrices $A_1, \ldots, A_n$, the mixed discriminant $D(A_1, \ldots, A_n)$ can be defined as $1/n!$ times the coefficient of $t_1\ldots t_n$ in the homogeneous polynomial ...
11
votes
2answers
305 views

The most number of points that realize only $k$ distinct distances

For $k \ge 1$, let $f_d(k)$ be the largest possible number of points $p_i$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$ that determine at most $k$ distinct (Euclidean) distances, $\|p_i-p_j\|$. Example. For points in the plane ...
20
votes
2answers
644 views

Is every closed curve in 3D a geodesic on a genus-0 surface?

Let $\gamma$ be a smooth, closed, unknotted curve embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Q. Does there always exist a smooth, embedded, genus-zero surface $S \subset \mathbb{R}^3$ such that $\gamma$ is a ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Euclidean minimum spanning trees intersecting each unit square

The recent question "Euclidean Minimum Spanning Trees Restricted to One Vertex Per Grid Cell" can be restated in terms of "minimum spanning trees intersecting each (closed) lattice square of an ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Algorithm to find the vertices of the equidistant lines between N closed polygonal lines

I have a set $\{C_1, C_2, \ldots, C_N\}$ of $N$ nonintersecting closed piecewise linear curves on the Euclidean plane. For every point $x \in \mathbb{R}^2$ we say it belongs to a territory serviced by ...