**2**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### 3D models of the unfoldings of the hypercube?

There are (apparently) 261 distinct unfoldings of the 4D hypercube, a.k.a., the
tesseract, into 3D.1
These unfoldings (or "nets") are analogous to the 11 unfoldings of
the 3D cube into the plane.2
...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

36 views

### Orthogonal vector to arbitrary vector in R3 [on hold]

I got a vector $(0, 0, 0)^T \neq v \in R^3$. Now I want a closed formula for some orthogonal vector to $w$ (I don't care which).
My problem is that if I, for instance, fix $w_1$ and $w_2$ then $w_3 = ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

38 views

### How often can a single length occur as a boundary distance?

Given a bounded domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$ ($n\geq2$), how often can a single real number $r>0$ appear as a distance of two points on $\partial\Omega$?
We can make any assumptions about the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### How to build the smallest regular n-sided polygon that covers an (n-1)-sided polygon? [migrated]

I want to build a figure that contains seven regular polygons, from a triangle up to a nonagon, where each n-sided polygon covers, with the minimal area possible, the n-1 sided one. An added ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Construction of Penrose Tiling (P3) from Wieringa Roof [closed]

I am trying to find sources detailing the construction of the Wieringa* Roof with the purpose of projecting the roof onto the plane and generating a Penrose Tiling (P3).
The method can be seen in ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Ricocheting pinball-like shot: Complexity?

Suppose one has $n$ perfect two-sided mirror segments in the plane $\mathbb{R}^2$.
The segments are open, excluding their endpoints.
They are disjoint as closed segments, i.e., no pair shares an ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

255 views

### Geodesics on manifolds with boundary

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold with non-empty boundary. Is there any notion of injectivity radius on $(M,g)$ in points away from the boundary? By this I mean points lying in $M- \partial M$. ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### How far can I push a ball of radius r into the corner of a convex polytope in d-dimensions?

Let $K \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a convex polytope and let $B(x,r) = \{y \in \mathbb{R}^d \,:\, \Vert y-x \Vert_2 \leq r\}$ be the ball of radius $r$ centered at $x$.
For any radius $r \geq 0$ let ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Quotient of Euclidean space under the action of a permutation group

Suppose that $G$ is a permutation group acting on the Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^n$. I am interested in the geometric properties of the quotient space $\mathbb{R}/G$. Since $G$ is finite and the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### An identity for Futaki-Donaldson invariant

Let $(X,L)$ be a polarized projective variety
Given an ample line bundle $L\to X$, then a test configuration for the pair $(X,L)$ consists of :
a scheme $\mathfrak X$ with a $\mathbb C^*$-action
a ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

210 views

### Length of non-horizontal curve

Let $M$ be a sub-Riemannian space.
Consider a smooth curve $\gamma:[0,1]\to M$ such that
$\dot\gamma(t)\not\in H_{\gamma(t)}$, where $H_{\gamma(t)}$ is the horizontal subbundle ( i.e. $\gamma$ is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### Is there a name for the level-sets of the signed distance function to a set in a metric space?

$\newcommand \X {\mathcal{X}}$
$\newcommand \sd {d_{\rm sign}}$
Let $(\X, d)$ be a metric space and define the distance between a point $x \in \X$ and a set $S \subset X$ by $d(x,S) = \inf_{y \in S} ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Optimal shape for stabbing balls in $\mathbb{R}^3$

I have radius $r < \frac{1}{2}$ congruent balls with centers randomly distributed uniformly within a region,
say, within a unit-radius sphere $S$.
I shoot a ray/path through $S$, hoping to ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

222 views

### Help in how to estimate d-dimensional volume

Let $\mathbf{e_0,e_1,\ldots,e_n}$ $\in$ $R^d$ denote points of a random Poisson point process in $R^d$. which is centered so that $e_0 =0$.
Considering nearest neighbor distances: for a specific ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

101 views

### Distance function from a topological submanifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, and let $N\subset M$ be an embedded sphere that is everywhere smooth except for a single point at which the embedding will only be $C^0$.
How much regularity can ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Lorentzian metrics on the torus up to continuos deformations

Any two Riemannian metrics can easily be deformed into each other, only obtaining positive definite metrics in between.
However, for metrics of other signatures this might not be possible.
Which ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

90 views

### Virtually abelian centralizers

This is a sort of a follow-up question to Limits of conjugated subgroups (though it might not seem at first glance to have much to do with it.)
Anyway, I'm wondering what sort of groups have the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

39 views

### Why finite dimensional MCS-space implies $\mathbb{R}^m\times cone$ locally?

Frequently, I see a statment of the result in reference that a finite dimensional Alexandrov spaces is locally a product $\mathbb{R}^m\times cone$. It seems that this result comes from Perelman's ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### Convergence in the Wasserstein metric and the square root function

Let $f$ be a smooth probability distribution on the unit square $S$ such that $f(x)>0$ on $S$. Let $\{g_i\}$ be a sequence of smooth probability distributions such that $g_i(x)>0$ on $S$ as ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### Closed geodesics avoiding points in hyperbolic surfaces

Let $\Sigma$ be a closed hyperbolic surface. Is it true that for any finite collection of points $x_1,\ldots,x_n\in\Sigma$ there exists a closed geodesic $\gamma$ containing none of them?
Remark: It ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

183 views

### How many points does 'the-most-point-contained-circle' contain at least?

Question : Given any $n$ distinct points $S$, consider the $\binom n2$ discs $D_{pq}$ formed by picking a pair of points $p,q$ from $S$ and using them as a diameter. For each disc $D_{pq}$, let ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

383 views

### Can all unit-distance graphs have their vertices at algebraic integers?

A graph $G$ is described as a unit-distance graph if there exists a function $f:G \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ such that for every edge $(u,v) \in E(G)$, we have $|f(u) - f(v)| = 1$.
Obviously, we can ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### Approximate singular value decomposition in Banach spaces

I am interested in generalisations to Banach spaces of the following construction, which relates to the singular value decomposition of a finite-dimensional linear map. If $V$, $W$ are ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### The Minkowski sum of two curves

Let $\gamma$ be a continuous curve in the complex plane without self-intersections and let $\lambda$ be a complex non-real number less than 1 in modulus. Put $\gamma'=\lambda\gamma$.
Question. Is it ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

288 views

### Does the singular cohomology for a metric space of finite topological dimension vanish in high dimensions?

It is known that by applying the universal coefficient theorem, the singular cohomology of closed manifold with coefficient $\mathbb{Z}_2$ vanishes in high dimensions. But for a metric space $M$ with ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

265 views

### Soft question: mathematics about truchet tiles

It seems that this is the first question on Truchet tiles on MO.
Shown above is a picture of a random tile, which you can see the resulting configuration is much like many membranes of cells.
I ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

85 views

### Convex subcomplexes of CAT(0) cubical complexes

Is the following statement true? If so, can anyone provide a reference?
Let $X$ be a CAT(0) cubical complex, and let $Y$ be a connected
subcomplex of $X$. Then the following are equivalent:
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

86 views

### Parallel transport on a Hadamard manifold

Suppose, $X$ is a Hadamard manifold, i.e., a simply connected manifold of non-positive sectional curvature. Fix a point $w$ in $X$. Consider any three points $x, y, z$ in $X$. Let $\tau_{x, w}$ and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

72 views

### conjugacy between geodesic flows on 2-tori

Let $(T_1,g_1)$ and $(T_2,g_2)$ be two flat tori of dimension 2 such that their geodesic flows are $C^0$-conjugated, is there an isometry between $(T_1,g_1)$ and $(T_2,g_2)$ ?
I emphasize the fact ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

142 views

### Embedding Euclidean buildings into products of trees

A Euclidean building has a natural metric space structure. (A definition of Euclidean building can be found on Wikipedia, or, more expansively, in Section 4 of Kleiner-Leeb.)
Question: Is it true ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

32 views

### Covering number of the range of a function

I have come across the need to know a bound on a certain curious quantity: the covering number of the range of a continuous function $f: D \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$, where $D \subseteq \mathbb{R}^m$. ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

255 views

### Which surfaces have only a finite number of connecting geodesics?

Q1. For a smooth, closed (compact) surface $S$ embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$,
under which conditions is it true that, for every pair of points
$a,b \in S$, there are an infinite number of ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

432 views

### Metric $d(A,B) = \mathbb P(\overline A\cup\overline B\mid A\cup B)$

I'm wondering where the relative probabilistic distance was first studied:
$$d(A,B) =\mathbb P(\overline A\cup\overline B\mid A\cup B)$$
where $\overline A$ is the complement of $A$.
A web search ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### Practical Algorithm for Comparing the Discrepancy of Point Sets (on Unit Hyper Spheres)

I have devised a simple geometric algorithm for generating a sequence of points on unit hyper spheres; that algorithm depends on a single real parameter, which I would like to optimize in order to get ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Tilting the $d$-cube to vertically separate its vertices

Let $C_d$ be a unit edge-length cube in $d$ dimensions.
I would like to orient it ("tilt" it) so that the vertical (last) coordinates
of its $2^d$ vertices are maximally separated, in the sense
that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

204 views

### Given a set of 2D vertices, how to create a minimum-area polygon which contains all the given vertices?

Not sure whether this question belongs here or math.stackexchange.
You can assume that all the vertices are unique. The given vertices can be the vertices of the polygon, thus they do NOT have to be ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

419 views

### Polynomial threading through a monotone corridor

I have a need to find a polynomial of minimal degree that connects
two points and stays within a given
"corridor," by which I mean an $x$-monotone polygon.
Here is an example:
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

479 views

### Focus of parabola using only a ruler

It is an easy exercise that using ruler and compass one find the focus of a given parabola.
Can one do the same using only a ruler? -- if not, why?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

103 views

### Shortest rope to capture a sphere of diameter 1 [duplicate]

I have a perfect rigid sphere of diameter 1.
I have infinite supply of rope. The rope is infinitely flexible and can be cut or glued without losing or adding length. The rope can be glued at any ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

159 views

### The relation between Hausdorff dimension of an $n$-manifold and $n$

It is known that for a topological space with different metrics, the Hausdorff dimensions may not be equal in general.
For the case of manifolds, suppose $M$ is a $n$-manifold with a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

44 views

### Length invariance under nondecreasing changes of parameters

Suppose that $f\colon [0,1]\to [0,1]$ is a continuous, surjective and nondecreasing function, for example the Cantor function. Let $X$ be a metric space (not necessarily a length space) and let $L$ be ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

281 views

### The Praying Eyes theorem generalized

Is there an obvious way to slice two spheres (no necessarily equal)
simultaneously such that the sections share common areas? I mean, I cannot see another way (easier) different from the way provided ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

233 views

**1**

vote

**2**answers

194 views

### Regular paths along surface of sphere

I'm trying to create a program where a small ball is supposed to move along the surface of a sphere, which is given by its radius $r$ and the center $c$.
The movement should be repetitive, so that ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

281 views

### Are all well behaved “mean” functions on $\mathbb{R}^+$ equivalent?

Given a set $S$, a function $M: S\times S \rightarrow S$ is a mean if it satisfies the properties:
$M(a,a)=a\qquad$ (identity)
$M(a,b)=M(b,a)\qquad$ (commutativity).
and possibly
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

320 views

### Distance function to a submanifold

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and $\Sigma\subset M$ a closed submanifold. Given $x\in M$ we define the distance function to $\Sigma$ by $$d_\Sigma(x):=\inf\{d(x,y):y\in \Sigma\},$$ where ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Unbalanced equipartitions

Let $K$ be a compact convex set in the plane.
Say that a perimeter-halving partition of $K$
is a partition of $K$
into two pieces by a chord (a segment with endpoints
on the boundary $\partial K$) ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

86 views

### Planar curves identical to their inverses

Is the right strophoid
the only planar curve $C$ whose inverse curve w.r.t. some circle (in this case: centered on the origin)
is identical to $C$?
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

69 views

### Smooth unit vector field on a tetrahedron to interpolate vertex constraints

For a tetrahedron $T\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ with vertices $r_i\in \mathbb{R}^3$ , $i=1,\ldots,4$, and unit vectors $u_i\in \mathbb{S}^2$ at each vertex $i=1,\ldots,4$
consider the (energy) functional
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### topological spaces admitting CAT(1) metrics

Suppose that $X$ is a locally contractible completely metrizable topological space. Is it true that $X$ can be metrized as a (complete) CAT(1) metric space?
The only result in this direction I know ...