**8**

votes

**1**answer

586 views

### How large can you draw an island on a map?

A cartographer friend asked me this question: could you classify (shapes of) islands by how much space they occupy on a map (comparatively to how much space is occupied by water) if you draw them as ...

**35**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### The view from inside of a mirrored tetrahedron

Suppose you were standing inside a regular tetrahedron $T$ whose
internal face surfaces were perfect mirrors.
Let's assume $T$'s height is $3{\times}$ yours, so that your
eye is roughly at the ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

266 views

### Is there a bounded sequence of points in the plane with pairwise distances at least $1/\sqrt{|i-j|}$?

Previously I have mentioned the following problem in an addition to the list of Contest problems with connections to deeper mathematics..
Is there an infinite bounded sequence $(P_n) \subset ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Polyhedron and Euclidean space [closed]

If a point P in the interior of a convex polyhedron in Euclidean space is called a pivot point of the polyhedron if every line through P contains exactly 0 or 2 vertices of the polyhedron. What is the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

19 views

### Literature on ellipses [migrated]

I'm looking for good literature/sources that I can cite for working with ellipses, particularly concerning the overlap of 2 or more ellipses but also other calculations with ellipses (e.g. dividing ...

**27**

votes

**2**answers

594 views

### Term for “uncheckable constructions”

Is there a term for "uncheckable geometric constructions"?
Say, Angle Trisection and Doubling the Cube are checkable;
i.e., if the answer is given one can do finite Compass-and-straightedge ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

214 views

### Word metrics and finite index subgroups

Suppose that we are given some finitely generated group $ G $ and some finite index subgroup of it $ H $. Given a finite generating symmetric generating set $ S \subset G $, we can define the word ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### Panning for gold nuggets: a type of isoperimetric problem

Let $C$ be a unit-radius circle in the plane.
Suppose you have a total length $L$ of string available, and
your task is to connect chords of $C$ using no more
than $L$ of string to minimize the ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### Does the boundary of a convex body contain a regular planar pentagon?

How to prove or disprove that the boundary of any convex body in $\mathbb{R}^3$ includes 5 points which form a regular planar pentagon? The following consideration suggests the answer "yes": if we ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

75 views

### Stable equilibria of points on the 2-sphere

Suppose $n$ points lie on the sphere $S^2=\{x\in\mathbb{R}^3\mid \|x\|=1\}$ and are subjected to a repulsive acceleration that pushes away a point from each other point with an intensity proportional ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

36 views

### Projection from a polytope to an affine space

Let $P\subseteq \mathbf{R}^n$ be some polytope defined by an intersection of half spaces with corresponding hyperplanes $H_k$, and let $A\subseteq \mathbf{R}^n$
be some affine space, with $A\cap P ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### The Universality Theorem by Mnev for uniform oriented matroids of rank 4 and higher

According to the Universality Theorem by Mnev (see below theorem 8.6.6 from [1]), for any open semialgebraic variety V there is a uniform oriented matroid of rank 3 whose realization space is stably ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Path metrics without geodesics [duplicate]

This is a follow-up of this question. Recall that a metric space $(X,d)$ is called a path-metric space if the distance between any two points in $X$ equals the infimum of lengths of paths between ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Three-dimensional Apollonian spirals

Given mutually (externally) tangent spheres $S_1$, $S_2$, $S_3$, $S_4$, let $S_n$ be the unique sphere externally tangent to $S_{n-1}$, $S_{n-2}$, $S_{n-3}$, and $S_{n-4}$ for $n \geq 5$.
Let ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

311 views

### Reverse plane geometry, anyone?

I refer to Greenberg's wonderful 2010 MAA article "Old and new results in the foundations of elementary plane Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometries". There, and in his book, Greenberg defines a ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Creating topological spaces with portals [closed]

I'm trying to rigorously describe an object that I'm calling a "portal". The situation is easiest to describe in two dimension.
I start with a line segment $pq$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$. I want to remove ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

174 views

### Inside-out polygonal dissections

A dissection of a polygon $P$
is a partition of $P$ into a finite number of pieces, which can then be rearranged
(via planar translations and rotations) and joined (without overlap) to form a new ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

224 views

### Counting valid coordinates

We are given a matrix $D = (d(i,j))_{1 \leq i,j \leq n}$ such that $d(x,z) \leq d(x,y) + d(y,z)$ for each $1 \leq x,y,z \leq n$. It is also known that $d(x,y) \in \mathbb{N}$ (In this question $0 \in ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

151 views

### Determine the boundary points of a set of points [closed]

I have a set of points $S=\{(x_1,y_1),(x_2,y_2),\ldots,(x_n,y_n)\}$. Then how to find the boundary points (which is a subset of $S$) of $S$?
There are methods like convex hull, concave hull and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### Probability that a random projection doesn't reduce the distance of a point from a subspace too much

Consider the natural uniform measure (is it called the Haar measure?) on the set of $(n-k)$-dimensional subspaces of $R^n$. We are given a $d$-dimensional affine subspace $U$ (think of $d, k \ll n$; ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### “a shape that … lies halfway between a square and a circle”

An article in the
Notices of the AMS, Volume 61, Issue 10, 2014
(PDF download link),
on Khot's Unique Games Conjecture, says this:
Another group ... found a
shape that in a certain sense lies ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

40 views

### How to show the Poincaré disk is hyperbolic for some $\delta$ [migrated]

I am trying to prove that the Poincaré disk, $\mathbb{D}$, is $\delta$-hyperbolic with respect to the slim triangle definition for hyperbolicity. I have been stuck for a while on where to begin, ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

106 views

### Optimal planar net for catching convex shapes

Imagine you want to make a net out of string to filter and catch objects of
a certain size, minimizing the length of string employed.
(This actually arises in filtering biological impurities from ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

311 views

### Are angles between points enough to decide the realizability?

Let n points in the plane be given whose coordinates we don't know.
Assume, however, that for any triple of the points we know the angle.
Question: Can we decide whether the n points are realizable ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

116 views

### A forked plane continuum

I came up with this question while trying to solve the following MO one:
Does every connected set that is not a line segment cross some dyadic square?
Suppose $C$ is a plane continuum (i.e. a ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### A question about Assaf Naor's review in Bourbaki about the Batson-Spielman-Srivastava result

I am referring to this article - http://www.cims.nyu.edu/~naor/homepage%20files/Exp.1033.pdf
If I understand right, the author states that his equations (8) and (9) are equivalent to the equations ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

58 views

### Generalised “projection” of a metric space

Assume we have $n$ points $p_0\ldots p_{n-1}$ which form a discrete metric space $V$ with metric $d$. Can we define a function $f:V\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ with $f(p_0) = 0$, $f(p_1) = d(p_0,p_1)$ and ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

64 views

### Visibility kernels of embedded graphs

Let $G$ be a connected graph embedded in the plane with all edges straight segments.
For $\alpha \in (0,\pi)$, define an $\alpha$-path as a path in $G$ with
all turns at vertices within ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Better Sobolev inequality holds in this case when assuming doubling and Poincare inequality?

Let $X$ be a Polish space and let $m$ be a locally finite Borel measure on $X$.
Let $\epsilon$ be a strongly local, regular Dirichlet form on $L^2(X,m)$ with Domain $V :=\{f\in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Intersection points of closed curves inscribed in a convex polygon

Suppose that I have two distinct simple closed curves, $C_1$ & $C_2$, and each is inscribed in a convex polygon, D. By inscribed, I mean tangent to each side of D. In particular, I am most ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

69 views

### How to infer missing nodes from a path?

I have a first data set which is a list of train stops with coordinates (lat, lon), but not the "links" between the nodes/stops (this could thought of as a null or empty graph).
I have a second data ...

**14**

votes

**4**answers

402 views

### The limit of edge-midpoint convex polyhedra

Starting with a convex polyhedron $P_1 \subset \mathbb{R}^3$,
replace that with $P_2$, the convex hull of the midpoints of the edges of $P_1$.
Continuing this process, we obtain a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

442 views

### A metric on $S^{2}$ [closed]

Edit:Can this new version of this question be answered with the method of same comments to the previous version?
Let $p:S^{3}\to S^{2}$ be the Hopf fibration $p(z,w)= (\parallel ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

509 views

### Separating points in the plane II

Let A be a set of $2m$ points on the plane so that no open set of diameter $2$ has more than m of them. Define $A+A+...+A$ ($k$ times) to be the multiset of $k$-sums from $A$. That is, we consider all ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

314 views

### Rep-tiles of order 2

A 2-rep-tile is a geometric shape that can be partitioned into exactly 2 smaller (dilated) copies of itself. Although there are many rep-tiles of higher orders, the only 2-rep-tiles I could find ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

65 views

### Triangulations of translation surfaces whose edges are shorter than the diameter

Let $S$ be a compact translation surface (i.e. a surface endowed with a singular flat metric such that singular points are locally isometric to a cone of angle an integer multiple of $2\pi$, and that ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

82 views

### CAT spaces and Metric Measure Spaces [closed]

This is very vague question but here it goes: are there any results of analysis on metric spaces in CAT spaces?, for instance as in the paper of Sturm (On the geometry of metric measure spaces) or as ...

**39**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Randall Munroe's Lost Immortals

In Randall Munroe's book What If?, the "Lost Immortals" question asks:
If two immortal people were placed on opposite sides of an uninhabited Earthlike planet, how long would it take them to find ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Surfaces ruled through a subset of points

One common definition of a
ruled surface
$S$ is that, through every point $p \in S$, there passes a line $L(p)$ that lies
in $S$: $L(p) \subset S$.
My question is:
Q0. Is there any loosening of ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

206 views

### Thinnest 2-fold coverings of the plane by congruent convex shapes

It is an unsolved problem to determine the "thinnest" $2$-fold covering of
the plane by disks.
The $2$-fold coverage problem by disks is to find the minimum number of congruent
(unit-radius) disks ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Gromov-Hausdorff convergence for non-compact metric spaces

Let $(X_i,p_i)$, $(X,p)$ be pointed connected proper metric spaces (i.e. the closures of balls are compact). Are the following two statements equivalent?
$\forall r > 0: \bar{B}_r(p_i) ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Random non-intersecting circles in the plane

If I give a finite region of $\mathbb{R}^{2}$ and place $k$ circles of radius $r(k)$ uniformly at random inside, are there any known results for the probability that the circles do not overlap? ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### Surfaces with curvature $\leq K$ are of bounded integral curvature

One characteristic of a CBA($K$) surface (a topological surface with an intrinsic metric of curvature $\leq K$ in the sense of Alexandrov) is that $\delta_K(T) \leq 0$, where $\delta_K(T)$
is the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

101 views

### Generalization of the triple tangent identity

It is well known that if $x + y + z = \pi$ then $$\tan x \times \tan y \times \tan z = \tan x+ \tan +\tan z.$$
I came across the following generalization of this equality:
$$\sqrt{1-k^2} {\rm ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### A taut string of equilateral triangles

Let $T$ be a unit edge-length equilateral triangle composed of three cylinders each
of (small) radius $r>0$. (By "small" I mean approximately $< 0.1$.)
Think of $T$ as a physical, rigid ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### Does this squared distance functional have a unique critical point on geodesically convex manifolds?

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold with distance function $d$, $C \subset M$ a geodesically convex set, $a=(a_i)_{i=1}^n \in C^n$, $W \in \mathbb{R}_{\geq 0}^{n \times n}$ and $J\colon C^n \rightarrow ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Containing a “fuzzy” ellipsoid within an ordinary ellipsoid

Consider the ellipsoid described by the inequality $(x - x_c)^T P^{-1} (x - x_c) \leq 1$, where the vector $x_c \in \mathbb{R}^n$ denotes the center of the ellipsoid and the symmetric positive ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

321 views

### The distribution of the shortest path through $n$ points

In the big picture, I'd like to know: if I sample $n$ points uniformly at random in the unit square, what is the probability that the shortest path that visits each one of them is very small?
More ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

169 views

### Is there a connection between |roots| $\rightarrow$ 1 and Gromov's waist theorem?

Recent questions showed that roots of a random polynomial tend to lie on the
unit circle ("Why do roots of polynomials tend to have absolute value close to 1?"; "Distribution of roots of complex ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### Maximum number of general-position points with mutual rational distances?

Richard Guy has shown that there are six points in the plane—no three collinear,
no four cocircular—such that all interpoint distances are rational.
Guy, Richard. Unsolved Problems in ...