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16
votes
1answer
635 views

2x2 subdeterminants of a matrix

If N>2, it is well known that if two invertible NxN matrices A and B have the same determinants of any 2x2 corresponding submatrices, then A=B or A=-B. Given then all these 2x2 determinants of an ...
13
votes
2answers
934 views

Minimum off-diagonal elements of a matrix with fixed eigenvalues

Hello, I am en engineer working in radar research. I came accross a problem I cannot seem to find math literature on it. I can ask it in two different ways. Perhaps depending on the reader, the ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Determinants in Graph Theory

In graph theory, we work with adjacency matrices which define the connections between the vertices. These matrices have various properties in themselves. For example, their trace can be calculated (it ...
8
votes
1answer
123 views

A variant of Cholesky decomposition involving binary matrices

Studying a problem that is not directly related to linear algebra I came across the following problem. Let $B$ be $n \times n$ symmetric matrix whose entries are non-negative integers. I would like ...
7
votes
1answer
776 views

A Problem on Linear Algebra

I'm trying to calculate an integral over the generalized Poincare upper half plane, then I find that I need to show the following identity: Let $X=(X_{i,j})\in\mathrm{GL}(n,\mathbb R)(n\geq 3)$ ...
6
votes
1answer
278 views

On the positivity of matrices

For given $n$, the following $n\times n$ real matrix $M=M^{T}$ is called positive, if $x^{T}M x\geq 0$ holds for all non-negative real $x_1,x_2,\cdots,x_n$, where $x=(x_1,x_2,\cdots,x_n)^T$. ...
6
votes
2answers
524 views

Structure theorem for finite dimensional $C^*$-algebras and their representations

I would like a source for some Artin-Wedderburn type facts about these algebras which seem to have easy proofs, and are probably written somewhere. Let $\mathcal{A} \subset M_n(\mathbb{C})$ be an ...
6
votes
1answer
218 views

A generalization of van der Waerden's conjecture

I am wondering if the following generalization of van der Waerden's conjecture is true. Suppose A is an n x n non-negative matrix with all column sums equal to 1, and the sum of row i equal to $T_i$. ...
6
votes
0answers
97 views

Rational points with small denominator in $U(n)$

Fix integers $n,d>0$. (I'm probably thinking about $n\leq 6$ and $d\leq 2000$.) Let $X$ be the set of matrices $A\in U(n)$ such that the entries of $dA$ lie in $\mathbb{Z}[i]$. Is there an ...
5
votes
2answers
696 views

A question about matrices with more details

Let $A,B\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$. Suppose that $B$ is nonsingular and that there exists $m$ reals pairwise distinct $\lambda_{1},\cdots,\lambda_{r},\cdots,\lambda_{m}$ such that ...
5
votes
2answers
206 views

Ergodic theory reference for converging sequences of matrices

I have been told that the following is a well known theorem in ergodic theory & have been given the book by Furstenberg as a reference. However, I cannot find such a statement in it. Would anyone ...
5
votes
1answer
165 views

Matrix Inverse with Same Principal Minors

Given an invertible matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$, and index set $\langle n\rangle = \{ 1, \dots, n \}$, and the submatrix $A(\alpha)$ with the columns and rows of $A$ with indices $\alpha ...
5
votes
0answers
198 views

On the linear transformation between matrix space

Suppose we have two matrix subspaces, $n\times n$ matrix subspace $S_1$ and $m\times m$ matrix subspace $S_2$. Every element of $S_1$ and $S_2$ is complex symmetric matrix. Suppose there exists ...
5
votes
0answers
198 views

concentration for eigenvectors

I am interested in bounding from above the ratio between the maximum and minimum entries of a Perron vector. The only results that I found in the literature are from the classic masters (Ostrowski and ...
4
votes
2answers
249 views

system of homogeneous matrix equations

Edit: Maybe I should make it clear that by a solution I mean a pair of matrices $(A,B)$ such that the identity below holds for any complex numbers $x,y$. One of my friend asked me the following ...
4
votes
1answer
193 views

Lower bounds on matrix eigenvalues

Let $A$ be a real $n\times n$ matrix and let $\mu_1, \dots, \mu_n$ the (generalized, complex) eigenvalues of $A$. Assume that $$ 0 < \alpha < \mathrm{Re}(\mu_1) < \dots < ...
4
votes
2answers
456 views

Matrix groups and presentation

Suppose $K$ is a number field and I have a subgroup of $GL_2(K)$ for which I know a (finite) set of generators. Is there an algorithm that gives me a presentation of the group? More precisely, the ...
4
votes
1answer
41 views

What are the upper bound and stability conditions for the following simple linear system?

Consider the following linear system $$\dot{x}=\sum\limits_{i=1}^{m}{{{\alpha }_{i}}}\left( t \right)\cdot {{A}_{i}}\cdot x \quad (1) $$ where, $x\in {{\mathbb{R}}^{n}}$ represents the state vector, ...
3
votes
2answers
473 views

matrices whose entries sum to zero

Let $A$ be a non-singular matrix and let $s(A)$ be the sum of its entries. Under which conditions can it be assured that $s(A) \neq 0$? if you like, you can assume that $A$ is symmetric. Here is an ...
3
votes
2answers
341 views

Is Ryser's conjecture on permanent minimizers still open?

Let $A(k,n)$ be the set of $\{0,1\}$ matrices of order $n$ with all their line sums equal to $k$. Conjecture number 5 on the list from Minc's book, attributed to Ryser, says that if $A(k,n)$ ...
3
votes
2answers
251 views

On a determinant inequality of positive definite matrices

Assume that $B$ and $A$ are two positive definite matrices. Take $B^*$ a block diagonal matrix with block $B_{11}$ and $B_{22}$ of $B$. This means the following: $$ B=\left[\begin{array}{ll} ...
3
votes
2answers
252 views

A short question about the DFT matrix

Is the DFT matrix the unique* unitary matrix with all entries of same magnitude? (*up to some trivial transformations)
3
votes
1answer
163 views

When are cones of matrices “generated” by vectors?

The cone $P_{n}$ of positive semidefinite matrices of order $n$ can be represented in this form: $P_{n}=\{A|\forall x\geq 0: \langle A,xx^{T}>0 \rangle \}$ with $x$ running over ...
3
votes
2answers
682 views

Probability of a submatrix to be full rank in a N x N Random Matrix of rank m.

Consider a random matrix $\mathbf{A} \in \mathbb{C}^{N \times N}$ of rank $m$ with $m < N$ that follows the Wishart distribution ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wishart_distribution ). I have a ...
3
votes
2answers
191 views

Stabilization of the pencil of skew symmetric matrices by the orthogonal group

Good morning everybody. During my researches I've come across the following question. Let $A$ and $B$ be a couple of square $k\times k$ skew symmetric matrices on $\mathbb R$. Let us consider the ...
3
votes
1answer
309 views

What is the significance of matrix ordered algebras?

I am trying to grok matrix ordered operator algebras, but I am having a hard time understanding their significance from the definition. Here is the definition (or at least, one way of stating it): ...
3
votes
2answers
426 views

Average size of determinants of integer matrices?

I am interested in estimating how large determinants of matrices tend to be 'on average' given the following model: suppose we form $n \times n$ matrices $M$ such that all of the entries of $M$ are ...
3
votes
1answer
193 views

A spectral radius inequality

Define $\rho(A)$ to be the spectral radius of a square matrix $A$. Let $S$ and $T$ be two non-negative square matrices and $h$ a real number such that $\rho(S+T) < h$. Show that $\rho((hI-S)^{-1}T) ...
3
votes
0answers
512 views

Matrix Transpose Similarility

A famous problem in linear algebra is that "A $n\times n$ matrix $A$ over a field $\mathbb{F}$ is similar to its transpose $A^T$." I know one proof using Smith Normal form. However, I want to know an ...
2
votes
2answers
250 views

On matrix norms

It is standard to define an induced matrix norm $|||\cdot|||$ from a vector norm $||\cdot||$ in this way: $|||A|||=\max_{x \neq 0}{\frac{||Ax||}{||x||}}$. Suppose we define a different function of ...
2
votes
2answers
381 views

Generalizations of Oppenheim's inequality

The well-known Oppenheim inequality says that for two positive definite matrices $A,B$ it holds that $\det(A \circ B) \geq (\prod{a_{ii}})\det(B)$. There has been a lot of beautiful work done ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

Simultaneous decomposition of three projectors

A projector $P$ is a Hermitian matrix satisfying $P^2=P$. For any two projectors, it is easy to show that there exists a unitary matrix $U$ such that both $U^*PU$ and $U^*QU$ are block-diagonal ...
2
votes
1answer
241 views

Is there a natural distance between skew hermitian matrices?

Working in machine learning, I try to find a way to compare time series, which can be considered as semi-continuous matrices belonging to $\mathbb R^{n \times \mathbb R}$ (a column corresponds to ...
2
votes
3answers
211 views

'Condition number' for Rayleigh-Ritz quotient

Suppose that $A$ is a Hermitian matrix and that $u,v$ are two vectors. Is there some known function $\kappa(A)$ so that $||u-v|| \leq \kappa(A) |\frac{u^{\*}Au}{u^{\*}u}-\frac{v^{\*}Av}{v^{\*}v}|$? ...
2
votes
2answers
427 views

Estimating a spectral gap

Suppose you have a real positive definite matrix $A$ who eigenvalues are $\lambda_{1} \leq \lambda_{2} \leq \ldots \leq \lambda_{n}$. I am interested in bounding from below $\lambda_{2}-\lambda_{1}$. ...
2
votes
1answer
333 views

S-matrix conjecture: status?

Is the $S$-matrix conjecture still open? I mean the one listed as Problem 7 in this survey.
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Multi-dimensional permanent of structured tensor

I am facing the multidimensional permanent \begin{equation} \text{perm}(W) = \sum_{\sigma, \rho \in S_n} \prod_{j=1}^n W_{j, \sigma_j, \rho_j } \end{equation} of a 3-tensor $W_{j,k,l}$ of ...
2
votes
0answers
286 views

eigenvalues of a symmetric tridiagonal matrix with zero diagonals

I was investigating a problem and came up with the following symmetric tridiagonal matrix (with zero diagonal elements): $$ \left(\begin{array}{cccccc} 0 & a & 0 & \ldots & 0 \\ a ...
2
votes
0answers
164 views

Inverse of sparse matrix is not generally sparse [closed]

I have a question regarding inverse of square sparse matrices(or can be restricted to real symmetric positive definite matrices). I encountered several times the web pages which states that the ...
2
votes
1answer
221 views

Asymptotic Behavior of Non-Analytic Function of the Eigenvalues

Hello, Let $A_n = (a_{k-j};\;k,j = 0,1,\ldots,n-1)$ be a sequence of $n\times n$ Toeplitz matrices, with eigenvalues $(\lambda_{n,i};\;i = 0,1,\ldots,n-1)$. If $A_n$ were a sequence of Hermitian ...
1
vote
1answer
176 views

name for a matrix operation

If $A$ is a matrix and $D$ is a diagonal matrix, is there some special name for $DAD$?
1
vote
3answers
380 views

Number of parameters needed to specify a Hermitian matrix of rank r.

Hi, i have two questions that seem to bother me lately. Maybe you could help me and/or point me in any related literature. 1) Assume hermitian matrix $H \in \mathcal{C}^{n \times n}$ that has rank ...
1
vote
4answers
259 views

inverse-closed matrix spaces

Is there a known characterization of such spaces? An example: the space of $n \times n$ matrices spanned by $I$ and $J$ (the identity and all-ones matrices, respectively) is inverse closed by the ...
1
vote
1answer
188 views

What is such an equation called?

Is there a name and common technique for such equations, where $A$ and $B$ are matrices and $x$ a vector? $Ax+f(\lambda)Bx=g(\lambda)x$.
1
vote
2answers
200 views

small sums of entries in submatrices - strange phenomenon

Suppose that $x \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$ is a vector of small positive fractions, i.e. $x_{i} \approx \frac{1}{n}$. The exact values are unknown. I form the matrix $M=diag(x)-\frac{xx^{T}}{2}$ which is a ...
1
vote
1answer
204 views

Proof of Tracenorm Equality

Lemma 1 in this paper: http://ttic.uchicago.edu/~nati/Publications/SrebroShraibmanCOLT05.pdf claims that $\|X\|_{\Sigma} = \min_{V^TU=X} \frac{1}{2}(\|U\|_{Fro}^2 + \|V\|_{Fro}^2),$ where ...
1
vote
2answers
359 views

is there any relationship between the eigenvector of sum(AA'+BB') and sum(A'A+B'B) ?

is there any relationship between the eigenvector of sum(AA'+BB') and sum(A'A+B'B) ? thanks a lot!
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Is the trace of a Lyaponov transform of a semistable matrix always nonpositive?

Let $A$ be a semistable real matrix (i.e. the real parts of all the eigenvalues of $A$ are nonnegative). Let $P$ be a positive definite matrix. Is it always true that $\text{trace}{A^{T}P+PA} ...
1
vote
1answer
772 views

Cholesky decomposition of a positive semi-definite

We know that a positive definite can be done for Cholesky decomposition,but I want to know that how a positive semi-definite be done for Cholesky decomposition?The following sentences come from a ...
1
vote
1answer
462 views

Reachability in graphs using adjacent matrix

Assuming a graph $G$ with $N$ nodes distributed in a $\mathcal{L}\times\mathcal{L}$ area randomly. There is an edge between two nodes if and only if the Euler distance between them is equal or less ...