The matrix-theory tag has no wiki summary.

**16**

votes

**1**answer

616 views

### 2x2 subdeterminants of a matrix

If N>2, it is well known that if two invertible NxN matrices A and B have the same determinants of any 2x2 corresponding submatrices, then A=B or A=-B.
Given then all these 2x2 determinants of an ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

913 views

### Minimum off-diagonal elements of a matrix with fixed eigenvalues

Hello,
I am en engineer working in radar research. I came accross a problem I cannot seem to find math literature on it.
I can ask it in two different ways. Perhaps depending on the reader, the ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Determinants in Graph Theory

In graph theory, we work with adjacency matrices which define the connections between the vertices. These matrices have various properties in themselves. For example, their trace can be calculated (it ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

123 views

### A variant of Cholesky decomposition involving binary matrices

Studying a problem that is not directly related to linear algebra I came across the following problem.
Let $B$ be $n \times n$ symmetric matrix whose entries are non-negative integers. I would like ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

772 views

### A Problem on Linear Algebra

I'm trying to calculate an integral over the generalized Poincare upper half plane, then I find that I need to show the following identity:
Let $X=(X_{i,j})\in\mathrm{GL}(n,\mathbb R)(n\geq 3)$ ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

516 views

### Structure theorem for finite dimensional $C^*$-algebras and their representations

I would like a source for some Artin-Wedderburn type facts about these algebras which seem to have easy proofs, and are probably written somewhere.
Let $\mathcal{A} \subset M_n(\mathbb{C})$ be an ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

217 views

### A generalization of van der Waerden's conjecture

I am wondering if the following generalization of van der Waerden's conjecture is true.
Suppose A is an n x n non-negative matrix with all column sums equal to 1, and the sum of row i equal to $T_i$. ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Rational points with small denominator in $U(n)$

Fix integers $n,d>0$. (I'm probably thinking about $n\leq 6$ and $d\leq 2000$.) Let $X$ be the set of matrices $A\in U(n)$ such that the entries of $dA$ lie in $\mathbb{Z}[i]$.
Is there an ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

694 views

### A question about matrices with more details

Let $A,B\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$. Suppose that $B$ is nonsingular and that there exists $m$ reals pairwise distinct $\lambda_{1},\cdots,\lambda_{r},\cdots,\lambda_{m}$ such that
...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

204 views

### Ergodic theory reference for converging sequences of matrices

I have been told that the following is a well known theorem in ergodic theory & have been given the book by Furstenberg as a reference. However, I cannot find such a statement in it. Would anyone ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Matrix Inverse with Same Principal Minors

Given an invertible matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$, and index set $\langle n\rangle = \{ 1, \dots, n \}$, and the submatrix $A(\alpha)$ with the columns and rows of $A$ with indices $\alpha ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

194 views

### On the linear transformation between matrix space

Suppose we have two matrix subspaces, $n\times n$ matrix subspace $S_1$ and $m\times m$ matrix subspace $S_2$. Every element of $S_1$ and $S_2$ is complex symmetric matrix.
Suppose there exists ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

197 views

### concentration for eigenvectors

I am interested in bounding from above the ratio between the maximum and minimum entries of a Perron vector. The only results that I found in the literature are from the classic masters (Ostrowski and ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

248 views

### system of homogeneous matrix equations

Edit: Maybe I should make it clear that by a solution I mean a pair of matrices $(A,B)$ such that the identity below holds for any complex numbers $x,y$.
One of my friend asked me the following ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Lower bounds on matrix eigenvalues

Let $A$ be a real $n\times n$ matrix and let $\mu_1, \dots, \mu_n$ the (generalized, complex) eigenvalues of $A$. Assume that
$$ 0 < \alpha < \mathrm{Re}(\mu_1) < \dots < ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

452 views

### Matrix groups and presentation

Suppose $K$ is a number field and I have a subgroup of $GL_2(K)$ for which I know a (finite) set of generators. Is there an algorithm that gives me a presentation of the group?
More precisely, the ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

473 views

### matrices whose entries sum to zero

Let $A$ be a non-singular matrix and let $s(A)$ be the sum of its entries. Under which conditions can it be assured that $s(A) \neq 0$?
if you like, you can assume that $A$ is symmetric.
Here is an ...

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**2**answers

334 views

### Is Ryser's conjecture on permanent minimizers still open?

Let $A(k,n)$ be the set of $\{0,1\}$ matrices of order $n$ with all their line sums equal to $k$.
Conjecture number 5 on the list from Minc's book, attributed to Ryser, says that if $A(k,n)$ ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

249 views

### On a determinant inequality of positive definite matrices

Assume that $B$ and $A$ are two positive definite matrices. Take $B^*$ a block diagonal matrix with block $B_{11}$ and $B_{22}$ of $B$. This means the following:
$$
B=\left[\begin{array}{ll}
...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

245 views

### A short question about the DFT matrix

Is the DFT matrix the unique* unitary matrix with all entries of same magnitude?
(*up to some trivial transformations)

**3**

votes

**1**answer

158 views

### When are cones of matrices “generated” by vectors?

The cone $P_{n}$ of positive semidefinite matrices of order $n$ can be represented in this form: $P_{n}=\{A|\forall x\geq 0: \langle A,xx^{T}>0 \rangle \}$ with $x$ running over ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

676 views

### Probability of a submatrix to be full rank in a N x N Random Matrix of rank m.

Consider a random matrix $\mathbf{A} \in \mathbb{C}^{N \times N}$ of rank $m$ with $m < N$ that follows the Wishart distribution ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wishart_distribution ).
I have a ...

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votes

**2**answers

190 views

### Stabilization of the pencil of skew symmetric matrices by the orthogonal group

Good morning everybody.
During my researches I've come across the following question.
Let $A$ and $B$ be a couple of square $k\times k$ skew symmetric matrices on $\mathbb R$. Let us consider the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

283 views

### What is the significance of matrix ordered algebras?

I am trying to grok matrix ordered operator algebras, but I am having a hard time understanding their significance from the definition. Here is the definition (or at least, one way of stating it):
...

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votes

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422 views

### Average size of determinants of integer matrices?

I am interested in estimating how large determinants of matrices tend to be 'on average' given the following model: suppose we form $n \times n$ matrices $M$ such that all of the entries of $M$ are ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### A spectral radius inequality

Define $\rho(A)$ to be the spectral radius of a square matrix $A$. Let $S$ and $T$ be two non-negative square matrices and $h$ a real number such that $\rho(S+T) < h$. Show that $\rho((hI-S)^{-1}T) ...

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**0**answers

506 views

### Matrix Transpose Similarility

A famous problem in linear algebra is that
"A $n\times n$ matrix $A$ over a field $\mathbb{F}$ is similar to its transpose $A^T$."
I know one proof using Smith Normal form. However, I want to know an ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

245 views

### On matrix norms

It is standard to define an induced matrix norm $|||\cdot|||$ from a vector norm $||\cdot||$ in this way:
$|||A|||=\max_{x \neq 0}{\frac{||Ax||}{||x||}}$.
Suppose we define a different function of ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

376 views

### Generalizations of Oppenheim's inequality

The well-known Oppenheim inequality says that for two positive definite matrices $A,B$ it holds that $\det(A \circ B) \geq (\prod{a_{ii}})\det(B)$.
There has been a lot of beautiful work done ...

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votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Simultaneous decomposition of three projectors

A projector $P$ is a Hermitian matrix satisfying $P^2=P$. For any two projectors, it is easy to show that there exists a unitary matrix $U$ such that both $U^*PU$ and $U^*QU$ are block-diagonal ...

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**1**answer

239 views

### Is there a natural distance between skew hermitian matrices?

Working in machine learning, I try to find a way to compare time series, which can be considered as semi-continuous matrices belonging to $\mathbb R^{n \times \mathbb R}$ (a column corresponds to ...

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votes

**3**answers

211 views

### 'Condition number' for Rayleigh-Ritz quotient

Suppose that $A$ is a Hermitian matrix and that $u,v$ are two vectors. Is there some known function $\kappa(A)$ so that $||u-v|| \leq \kappa(A) |\frac{u^{\*}Au}{u^{\*}u}-\frac{v^{\*}Av}{v^{\*}v}|$?
...

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411 views

### Estimating a spectral gap

Suppose you have a real positive definite matrix $A$ who eigenvalues are $\lambda_{1} \leq \lambda_{2} \leq \ldots \leq \lambda_{n}$. I am interested in bounding from below $\lambda_{2}-\lambda_{1}$. ...

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**1**answer

332 views

### S-matrix conjecture: status?

Is the $S$-matrix conjecture still open? I mean the one listed as Problem 7 in this survey.

**2**

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**0**answers

267 views

### eigenvalues of a symmetric tridiagonal matrix with zero diagonals

I was investigating a problem and came up with the following symmetric tridiagonal matrix (with zero diagonal elements):
$$
\left(\begin{array}{cccccc} 0 & a & 0 & \ldots & 0 \\ a ...

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162 views

### Inverse of sparse matrix is not generally sparse [closed]

I have a question regarding inverse of square sparse matrices(or can be restricted to real symmetric positive definite matrices).
I encountered several times the web pages which states that the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### Asymptotic Behavior of Non-Analytic Function of the Eigenvalues

Hello,
Let $A_n = (a_{k-j};\;k,j = 0,1,\ldots,n-1)$ be a sequence of $n\times n$ Toeplitz matrices, with eigenvalues $(\lambda_{n,i};\;i = 0,1,\ldots,n-1)$.
If $A_n$ were a sequence of Hermitian ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

176 views

### name for a matrix operation

If $A$ is a matrix and $D$ is a diagonal matrix, is there some special name for $DAD$?

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**3**answers

376 views

### Number of parameters needed to specify a Hermitian matrix of rank r.

Hi,
i have two questions that seem to bother me lately. Maybe you could help me and/or point me in any related literature.
1) Assume hermitian matrix $H \in \mathcal{C}^{n \times n}$ that has rank ...

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vote

**4**answers

258 views

### inverse-closed matrix spaces

Is there a known characterization of such spaces?
An example: the space of $n \times n$ matrices spanned by $I$ and $J$ (the identity and all-ones matrices, respectively) is inverse closed by the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

188 views

### What is such an equation called?

Is there a name and common technique for such equations, where $A$ and $B$ are matrices and $x$ a vector?
$Ax+f(\lambda)Bx=g(\lambda)x$.

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vote

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198 views

### small sums of entries in submatrices - strange phenomenon

Suppose that $x \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$ is a vector of small positive fractions, i.e. $x_{i} \approx \frac{1}{n}$. The exact values are unknown. I form the matrix $M=diag(x)-\frac{xx^{T}}{2}$ which is a ...

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vote

**1**answer

204 views

### Proof of Tracenorm Equality

Lemma 1 in this paper: http://ttic.uchicago.edu/~nati/Publications/SrebroShraibmanCOLT05.pdf claims that
$\|X\|_{\Sigma} = \min_{V^TU=X} \frac{1}{2}(\|U\|_{Fro}^2 + \|V\|_{Fro}^2),$
where ...

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vote

**2**answers

358 views

### is there any relationship between the eigenvector of sum(AA'+BB') and sum(A'A+B'B) ?

is there any relationship between the eigenvector of sum(AA'+BB') and sum(A'A+B'B) ?
thanks a lot!

**1**

vote

**1**answer

49 views

### Is the trace of a Lyaponov transform of a semistable matrix always nonpositive?

Let $A$ be a semistable real matrix (i.e. the real parts of all the eigenvalues of $A$ are nonnegative). Let $P$ be a positive definite matrix.
Is it always true that
$\text{trace}{A^{T}P+PA} ...

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vote

**1**answer

682 views

### Cholesky decomposition of a positive semi-deﬁnite

We know that a positive deﬁnite can be done for Cholesky decomposition,but I want to know that how a positive semi-deﬁnite be done for Cholesky decomposition?The following sentences come from a ...

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vote

**1**answer

449 views

### Reachability in graphs using adjacent matrix

Assuming a graph $G$ with $N$ nodes distributed in a $\mathcal{L}\times\mathcal{L}$ area randomly. There is an edge between two nodes if and only if the Euler distance between them is equal or less ...

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355 views

### power of a block triangular matrix

I have a matrice in the form :
$$M =
\begin{pmatrix}
A & 0 & 0 \\\
B & A & 0 \\\
C & D & A
\end{pmatrix}
$$
where $A,B,C,D$ are diagonalizable square matrice and I want to ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

140 views

### Scaling laws for singular values of random matrices

Assume that we have an $n\times n$ matrix ${\bf A}$ with elements drawn i.i.d. Gaussian with mean zero and variance 1.
Are there any results on the asymptotic behavior of its $i$-th largest singular ...

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258 views

### how to find all the solutions to $I+A+\cdots+A^n=0.$ [closed]

Let $GL_3(\mathbb{Z}[i])$ be the group of invertible $3\times 3$ matrices whose coefficients are Gaussian integers.I want to find all the pair $(A\in GL_3(\mathbb{Z}[i]),n\in\mathbb{Z})$ satisfying
...