Matrix theory is the study of matrices as concrete objects, rather than as abstract linear operators between vector spaces (whose study belongs to [tag:linear-algebra]). For instance, this involves matrix factorizations and decompositions, nonnegative matrices and Perron-Frobenius theory, Schur ...

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Number of Skew Symmetric Matrices of fixed rank

The number of symmetric matrices of order $n$ and rank $r$ over finite fields has been counted e.g. http://www.math.clemson.edu/~kevja/REU/2004/SymmetricRankRMatrices.pdf Is the number of skew-...
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542 views

Number of matrices with given Smith normal form

Denote with $\mathcal{M}$ the set of $(m \times n)$-matrices with integer coefficients bounded by some $K$. Given a matrix $B \in \mathcal{M}$ that is in Smith normal form, is anything known about the ...
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133 views

Possible lower bound in quantum many body system with non-local terms

I am asking a question related to Lieb-Robinson bound and nonlocality. As we know from Lieb-Robinson theorem (see e.g. http://arxiv.org/abs/1008.5137): Suppose a Hamiltonian system is local, i.e. $H=\...
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How does a permutation $P$ affect the singular value $\sigma_{\text{max}}(Q^\top P^\top Q)$ for orthogonal $Q$?

Let $q_i$ for $i=1,\ldots,m$ be the columns of the matrix $Q\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times m}$, $n\geq 2m$, which are pairwise orthonormal ( i.e. $q_i^\top q_j = \begin{cases} 1 & \text{if}\quad i=j \\ 0 &...
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What is the symmetry group fixing norms of elements of a unitary matrix?

Let $N\geq1$ be an integer and let us say that two matrices $U,V\in U(N)$ are related if $|U_{ij}|=|V_{ij}|$ for all indices $1\leq i,j\leq N$. When exactly are two unitary matrices related in this ...
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104 views

Rational points with small denominator in $U(n)$

Fix integers $n,d>0$. (I'm probably thinking about $n\leq 6$ and $d\leq 2000$.) Let $X$ be the set of matrices $A\in U(n)$ such that the entries of $dA$ lie in $\mathbb{Z}[i]$. Is there an ...
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54 views

convex hull of all-ones principal submatrices

For a subset $S$ of $\{1,\ldots,n\}$, let $\mathbf{1}_S\in\{0,1\}^n$ denote the indicator vector of $S$, with a $1$ on the $i$th coordinate iff $i\in S$. Let $\mathcal{X}$ denote the convex-hull of ...
5
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215 views

On the linear transformation between matrix space

Suppose we have two matrix subspaces, $n\times n$ matrix subspace $S_1$ and $m\times m$ matrix subspace $S_2$. Every element of $S_1$ and $S_2$ is complex symmetric matrix. Suppose there exists ...
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257 views

concentration for eigenvectors

I am interested in bounding from above the ratio between the maximum and minimum entries of a Perron vector. The only results that I found in the literature are from the classic masters (Ostrowski and ...
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120 views

When is a Hankel matrix invertible?

I would like to have some conditions that render a general Hankel matrix of the form \begin{pmatrix}a_1 & a_2 & a_3 &\cdots & a_n \\ a_2 & a_3 & a_4 & \cdots & a_{n+1} \...
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225 views

Can anyone help me deduce a matrix inequality?

The following lemma is taken from references firstly. Lemma 1 [1-2] Given matrices $Q=Q^{T} , F, M$ and $N$ of appropriate dimensions, then $$Q+MFN+N^{T}F^{T}M^{T}<0$$ for all $F$ satisfying $F^{...
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0answers
1k views

Matrix Transpose Similarility

A famous problem in linear algebra is that "A $n\times n$ matrix $A$ over a field $\mathbb{F}$ is similar to its transpose $A^T$." I know one proof using Smith Normal form. However, I want to know an ...
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0answers
32 views

Why does the objectivity rule out the convexity?

In the famous work "Ball J M. Convexity conditions and existence theorems in nonlinear elasticity[J]. Archive for rational mechanics and Analysis, 1976, 63(4): 337-403", it was mentioned that the ...
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0answers
340 views

Largest eigenvalues distribution of tridiagonal symmetric random matrix

I would like to find the largest eigenvalue distribution of the following tridiagonal symmetric random matrix in an analytic way. All the ${\lambda}_i$ are distributed the same way with chi-square (...
2
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0answers
98 views

Multi-dimensional permanent of structured tensor

I am facing the multidimensional permanent \begin{equation} \text{perm}(W) = \sum_{\sigma, \rho \in S_n} \prod_{j=1}^n W_{j, \sigma_j, \rho_j } \end{equation} of a 3-tensor $W_{j,k,l}$ of ...
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762 views

eigenvalues of a symmetric tridiagonal matrix with zero diagonals

I was investigating a problem and came up with the following symmetric tridiagonal matrix (with zero diagonal elements): $$ \left(\begin{array}{cccccc} 0 & a & 0 & \ldots & 0 \\ a &...
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45 views

max min of ratio of quadratic forms

Consider the optimization over two vectors $x$ and $y$ $$\max_{x,y} \min\left(\frac{x^TAx}{y^TAy},\frac{y^TBy}{x^TBx}\right)$$ for two positive definite matrices $A$ and $B$. This problem can be ...
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0answers
65 views

The state-transition-matrix of a physical system,

Here's a simple but potential research problem that I am learning about. Let's say I am studying a physical system that is governed by N objects. At each time, each object is either "active" and ...
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0answers
51 views

inverse of asymptotic Toeplitz matrix with band limited associated function

I am reviewing a controversial paper, and the main result, a revolution within my field, comes down to whether or not the following is true. I strongly believe it is not, but would need confirmation. ...
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99 views

Boundary of pseudospectra

Suppose: $B_i \in \mathbb{C}^{n \times n}$, $0<w_i\in \mathbb{R}$ $(i = 0,1,2,\ldots,m)$ ${\rm P}(x) ={\rm{B}_m} x ^m + \cdots + B_1 x + B_0$ is a matrix polynomial, and $x $ is a complex ...
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0answers
38 views

Limits on a parameter $\alpha$ to get positive definite matrix

Given positive semi-definite $n\times n$ matrices $B_k$, how would I go about getting the limits on $\alpha_k$ such that the expression \begin{equation} \mathbb{I}-\sum_{k=1}^{m-1}\alpha_kB_k \end{...
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0answers
76 views

Eigenvalues of a partitioned self-adjoint matrix

This is a repost of the same question on MSE (with no reply/comment): http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1454314/eigenvalues-of-a-partitioned-self-adjoint-matrix I would be grateful just for a ...
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0answers
92 views

Is my particular finite dimension Toeplitz matrix always strictly positive?

Let $H(\omega), \; -\pi \leq \omega \leq \pi$ be a real-valued function with a continuous band of zeros, that is (for simplicity) $H(\omega)=0, \; |\omega|\geq \beta \pi$. Define a sequence of banded ...
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0answers
142 views

Bounding the largest Singular value

D is a $n \times n$ diagonal matrix whose diagonal entries lies in $(0,1]$. B is any $n \times n$ n.n.d. matrix. What will be the sharpest upper bound on the largest eigenvalue of: $(D+B)^{-1}D^2(...
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0answers
42 views

Constructing pointwise-or independent binary matrices

Let $M$ be an $m \times n$ matrix such that every $M_{ij} \in \{0,1\}$. We say that $M$ is `$\lor$-irreducible' if (i) no row is a pointwise-or of other rows, and (ii) no column is a pointwise-or of ...
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0answers
159 views

Asymptotic expansion square root matrix

I am looking for an asymptotic expansion for $\underline\gamma$ which is the "square root" matrix of a symmetric $p\times p$ matrix $\gamma$. Here $\underline\gamma$ is assumed to be symmetric, e.g. ...
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0answers
99 views

Unitary transformation of a Hermitian indefinite pencil to a real non-symmetric pencil

Given a Hermitian indefinite pencil $(A-\lambda B)$ where both $A=A^H$ and $B=B^H \in \mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$ are possibly indefinite, it is straightforward to show that the eigenvalues are either ...
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0answers
205 views

Bounds on smallest Eigenvalue of the Sum of a Standard Laplacian and a Diagonal Matrix

I'm trying to find upper boundaries on the smallest Eigenvalue $\lambda_1$ of $L + E$, where $L$ is a standard Laplacian of an unweighted digraph, with $\lambda_1(L) = 0$ and $E \in \{0,1\}^{n \times ...
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0answers
67 views

Possible diagonal values of a product of matrices with some specific characteristics

Hello all, This is a question that might or might not be related to my previous one. Imagine you have two matrices: Matrix $\mathbf{\Phi}=[\Phi_1,\ldots,\Phi_M]\in\mathbb{R}^{L\times M}$ where $M\...
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0answers
93 views

Characterizing the singular values of a matrix with structure

Suppose we have a function from $\mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{C}$, $$f(x,y) = e^{\imath\pi x g(y)}$$ where $g(y)$ is periodic in $y\in[-T, T),\ T<\infty$ (e.g., a sinusoid) and $0\leq x < \infty$ ...
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0answers
158 views

Ring-theoretic version of a matrix problem

Problem #17 in Zhan's survey of open problems in matrix theory is the Li-Poon problem on writing a square real matrix as the linear combination of $k$ orthogonal matrices. They proved that it is ...
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0answers
133 views

bounds on the entries of an inverse circulant matrix

Suppose that $C$ is a (real) circulant invertible matrix defined by a vector $d$. Then $C^{-1}$ is also a circulant defined by some vector $f$. There exists a standard formula that expresses the ...
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0answers
63 views

sharper interlacing

The usual interlacing inequalities say that if $M$ is a Hermitian $n \times n$ matrix and $\hat{M}$ is a principal submatrix of order $n-1$, then $\lambda_{\min}(M) \leq \lambda_{\min}(\hat{M})$. I ...
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34 views

Is that possible to use stieltjes transform for multiple matrices

I have the matrix calculation with expression \begin{equation} \frac{1}{M}tr(\mathbf{WHH}^H\mathbf{W}^H + \mathbf{R}_{nn})^{-1} \end{equation} whereas $\mathbf{H} \in \mathbb{C}^{M\times K}$, $\mathbf{...
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0answers
37 views

Gramian of a permutation group orbit

let $W\in R^{d\times k},d>k$. Suppose that the associated gramian has the following structure: $$ W^TW=(P_{1}t,\cdots,P_{k}t) $$ with the set $\{P_{i},i=1,\cdots,k\}$ forming a group of ...
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0answers
89 views

Does this set of (structured) equations always have a solution?

Let $r_1,\ldots,r_K$ be arbitrary positive numbers. Does $$|\mathcal{A}|\log\left(1+\frac{1}{|\mathcal{A}|}\left(\sum_{n\in \mathcal{A}} \sqrt{x_n(\exp(r_n)-1)}\right)^2\right)\leq \sum_{n\in \...
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0answers
29 views

Reducing the degrees of freedom in unitary columns

Let $U = diag([U_1, U_2, ..., U_N])$ be a block-diagonal $NM \times NM$ unitary matrix, where each $U_j$ is a unitary $M \times M$ matrix. Furthermore, let $Q_e = kron(I_M, Q)$ be the Kronecker ...
0
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0answers
64 views

$l_{\infty}$ norms of matrix perturbations

Say $B$ is a real symmetric matrix of dimension $n$ and $A$ is another real symmetric matrix of the same dimension. What needs to be the bounds on (which?) norm of $B$ to ensure that $\lambda_{max}...
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0answers
168 views

The right expansion of a square root matrix

I have some issues in finding an asymptotic expansion for a square root matrix and I have already posted a question (Asymptotic expansion square root matrix). Somebody redirected me to a post where ...
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386 views

Cholesky decomposition of a large covariance matrix

I have a tricky problem concerning a covariance matrix cholesky decomposition. What I need is to obtain the cholesky decomposition of the estimated variance matrix of the set of samples stored in a ...
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199 views

How to understand the matrix behind a Hamiltonian?

thanks to the answers I received to my previous questions, I could derive correctly an elegant partition function for my problem which resembles a second quantized model taking the particles to be ...
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0answers
80 views

Moore-Penrose question

Let $A=BD^{\dagger}B^{T}$. I am looking for conditions under which $A^{\dagger}$ is a "nice" expression in $B$ and $D$ and their Moore-Penrose pseudo-inverses. Do you know of such conditions?
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When will the spectral radius of a matrix reach its minimum?

Let $A$, $B$ be two $n\times n$ matrices. How to determine $s,t\in\mathbb{N}^+$ such that the spectral radius of $A^sB^t$ will reach its minimum?