**3**

votes

**1**answer

67 views

### Horn's spectrum problem with random Hermitian matrices

An important problem in matrix analysis, completely solved in the early 2000's by A. Knutson & T. Tao (The honeycomb model of GLn(C) tensor products. I. Proof of the
saturation conjecture. J. ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

14 views

### Reducing the degrees of freedom in unitary columns

Let $U = diag([U_1, U_2, ..., U_N])$ be a block-diagonal $NM \times NM$ unitary matrix, where each $U_j$ is a unitary $M \times M$ matrix.
Furthermore, let $Q_e = kron(I_M, Q)$ be the Kronecker ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Which ordering of factors is needed to obtain this kind of determinantal inequalities?

Let $A$ and $B$ be $n\times n$ Hermitian positive definite matrices. The curious determinantal inequality given here, which can be stated as $$\det (A^{4}+ ABBA+BAAB+B^{4})\ge\det(A^{4}+ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

31 views

### Efficient SVD of a matrix without some of the columns

I have a matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}^{p \times q}$ of rank $r$ and its SVD decomposition, i.e,
$$
A = U S V^\top,
$$
where $U \in \mathbb{R}^{p \times r}$ and $V \in \mathbb{R}^{q \times r}$ are ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

374 views

### Almost commuting unitary matrices

Suppose that $A_1,\dots, A_k$ are unitary matrices such that any two of them can be approximated by commuting unitary matrices. i.e. for any $i$ and $j$, there are unitary matrices $A_i'$ and $A_j'$ ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

32 views

### finding a unitary submatrix inside a random matrix

Let $\mathbf{R} \in \mathbb{C}^{~m \times n} $ with $m \leq n $ be a random matrix, whose entries are i.i.d zero mean random variables with circularly symmetric Normal distribution. Let where $r$ be ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

33 views

### Triangle inequality for nonconvex functions of singular value vector

For a nonconvex function $p_\lambda(\cdot)$, with hyper-parameter $\lambda$, it can be decomposed into two parts that $p_\lambda(t) = \lambda |t| + q_\lambda(t)$, where $q_\lambda(t)$ is the concave ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

333 views

### Hlawka inequality for determinants of positive definite matrices

It is mentioned here that if $A, B, C\in M_{n}(\mathbb C)$ are positive semidefinite, then $$\det (A+B+C)+\det C\ge \det (A+C)+\det (B+C)$$ (quoted from this article) and the special case ($C=\bf 0$) ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### How bad could $\|A^k\|$ be when $\rho(A) < 1-\delta$ [closed]

(Sorry, I do hate editing this many many times but let me try the last time)
Gelfand's formula says that
$$\lim_{k\rightarrow \infty} \|A^k\|^{1/k} = \rho(A)$$
I am wondering whether there is any ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

639 views

### How to calculate the square root of matrix $A+B$ perturbatively?

$A=diag\{\lambda_1,...,\lambda_n\}$ and $\lambda_i>0$, $B$ is a positive definite symmetric matrix and $max\{B_{ij} \}\ll min\{\lambda_i\}$
Note that the perturbative calculation of square root ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

30 views

### connected stable rank

There is a beautiful formula by Leonid Vaserstein relating the Bass and topological stable rank of a commutative unital Banach algebra A to
that of the matrix algebra M_n(A). Is there something ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

1k views

### Reachability in graphs using adjacent matrix

Assuming a graph $G$ with $N$ nodes distributed in a $\mathcal{L}\times\mathcal{L}$ area randomly. There is an edge between two nodes if and only if the Euler distance between them is equal or less ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### Random Matrix Theory: question on a quantity on page 87 in book of Bai and Silverstein 2010

Anyone else is reading carefully the book of Bai and Silverstein 2010, titled "Spectral Analysis of Large Dimensional Random Matrices"?
On page 87 of this book, when they state the final step in the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Exact diagonalization of tridiagonal centrosymmetric matrices

It is said that one can diagonalize a tridiagonal matrix using the analytical Lanczos method http://arxiv.org/abs/cond-mat/9712283v1. In some references in it, they always say that the starting point ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

229 views

### Product $PVPVP$ is elementwise nonnegative?

Let $P\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be the inverse of a positive definite M-matrix, i.e. the off-diagonal entries of $P$ are non-positive, and $V\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be any diagonal matrix. Prove ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

35 views

### log convexity for the norm of vector-valued function

Log convexity of various functions defined on the space of Hermitian matrices plays an important role in matrix analysis and probability theory.
Given $v \in \mathbb{C}^n$, $D$ a diagonal matrix with ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### What does similar eigenvectors and eigenvalues of two matrices really mean? [closed]

Empirically I've noticed that diagonally dominant matrix G and it's diagonal version D (diagonal elements of G on the diagonal and all other elements are set to zero) produce similar eigenvalues and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### Isometric domain of a unital completely positive map with respect to $L_p$-norms

This question can be formulated for general ($\sigma$-finite) von Neumann algebras, but for me it is enough to consider matrix algebras.
So let $M$ be a matrix algebra and $\rho$ a faithful state ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

50 views

### Regularity of decomposition of matrix-valued function

Here is the problem. Suppose I have a positive definite matrix-valued function $A\colon \mathbb{R}^n\to \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$. Then we know that there is a matrix-valued function $B\colon ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

130 views

### What are the upper bound and stability conditions for the following simple linear system?

Consider the following linear system
$$\dot{x}=\sum\limits_{i=1}^{m}{{{\alpha }_{i}}}\left( t \right)\cdot {{A}_{i}}\cdot x \quad (1)
$$
where, $x\in {{\mathbb{R}}^{n}}$ represents the state vector, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

81 views

### Is this matrix positive semi-definite? [closed]

Consider $K$ vectors $x_1,\dots,x_K$ in $\mathbb{R}^N$. Define the $K\times K$ matrix $A$ whose $(i,j)$ entry is given as $$A_{ij}=\exp(-\frac{||x_i-x_j||^2}{2})$$ Is this matrix Positive ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### Composition of upper semi-continuous real valued function with upper semi-continuous matrix valued function

Say that a matrix valued function $A: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ is upper semi-continuous at $x_0$ if
$$ \limsup_{x \rightarrow x_0} A(x) \preceq A(x_0), $$
where $\preceq$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

420 views

### Comparing norms on tensor products of matrices

Given a Hilbert space $H$, let $S_1(H)$ denote the space of trace-class operators on $H$, with the trace-class norm or Schatten 1-norm. That is
$$ \Vert T \Vert_1 = \sum_{j\geq 1} |s_j| $$
where ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

914 views

### Optimizing the condition number

Suppose I have a set $S$ of $N$ vectors in $W=\mathbb{R}^m,$ with $N \gg m.$ I want to choose a subset $\{v_1, \dots, v_m\}$ of $S$ in such a way that the condition number of the matrix with columns ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Eigenvalues of the sum of two matrices, where one is $B=\operatorname{diag}(1, 0,\dots,0)$

I know that given two matrices $A$ and $B$, estimating the eigenvalues of $A + B$ by the eigenvalues of $A$ and $B$ is generally a non-easy problem. In particular, there are some results for matrices ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

68 views

### when does elementwise-log preserve positive-semidefiniteness?

Let $Z$ be a positive semidefinite matrix with nonnegative entries, and define $X=\log(1+Z)$, where the $\log$ is taken entrywise, i.e., $X_{ij}=\log(1+Z_{ij})$. Are there some simple sufficient ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

79 views

### Integral roots of circulant matrix

When does the circulant matrix have only integral roots?
For example: all roots of the adjacency matrix of the complete graph $K_n$ are integer, which its adjacency matrix is circulant, but in case ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

107 views

### 3-regular (cubic) graph with adjacency eigenvalue 1

Suppose $A\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ is the adjacency matrix of a 3-regular (cubic) graph $G=(V,E)$; that is, all $n$ vertices $v\in V$ in the graph have three neighbors.
Is there a nice necessary ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

651 views

### Proof for the derivative of the determinant of a matrix [closed]

I was looking for theorems that might be helpful in order for some proofs that I have and I came across the following one:
$$\frac{d}{dt} [detA(t)]=detA(t) \cdot tr[A^{-1}(t)\cdot \frac{d}{dt} ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

438 views

### A generalization of the Powers-Stormer inequality

The well-known Powers-Stormer inequality says the following: for positive semidefinite operators $A, B$, we have that $\mathrm{Tr}((A - B)(A - B)) \leq \| A^2 - B^2 \|_1$, where $\| \cdot \|_1$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Any interesting properties of the matrix $M:=(m_{ij})$ with $m_{ij}=min(i,j)$? [closed]

Do you know any interesting properties on the matrix $M(n):=(m_{ij})$ of size $n \times n,$ where $m_{ij}= \text{min}(i,j)$ ? The matrix $M$ enumerates certain combinatorial objects.

**6**

votes

**2**answers

123 views

### Existence and characterization of transitive matrices?

We call a matrix $M \in \mathbb{R}^{d \times d}$ transitive if it satisfies the following:
For any three vectors $u, v, w$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$. If $u^T M v > 0$ and $v^T M w > 0$ then $u^TMw ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Can we increase spectral norms of All maximum size square submatrices by orthogonal perturbation?

Let the matrix $A$ consist of $k$ columns from some $n \times n$ orthogonal (unitary) matrix. It is obvious that there is no perturbation of $A$ which
leaves its columns orthonormal,
increases ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

135 views

### Finding matrices $A$ such that the entries of $A^n$ have specified signs

What techniques are there for ensuring nonnegativity of various entries of matrix powers?
Specific Question: Consider a matrix $A\in SL_2(\mathbb R)$. Let $(A^n)_{i,j}$ denote the $(i,j)$ entry of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### Column Inner Products vs. Row Inner Products

Given two matrices $A,B\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times r}$ where $A$ has orthogonal columns and $A^TB$ is symmetric, are there any non-trivial interesting relationships / inequalities between the following ...

**30**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### A curious determinantal inequality

In my study, I come across the following curious inequality, which I do not know a proof yet (so I am asking it here).
Let $A, B$ be $n\times n$ (Hermitian) positive definite matrices. It is very ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

56 views

### How to determine an unitary operator involved in an unitary transformation?

Let two real matrices $A$ and $B$ be unitarily equivalent. How to determine (computationally or theoretically) the unitary operator $U$ s.t. $A = UBU^\dagger$? Is it possible for some special class of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Determining Nullspace Basis such that only one column is deleted or added as row is added or deleted, and remaining columns of basis stay the same

I would like to compute, in MATLAB, the basis Z for the nullspace of an m by n matrix A, such that if one row of A is added (resulting in A_a), the basis for A_a is n-m-1 of the n-m columns of Z, ...

**19**

votes

**4**answers

719 views

### How much redundancy resides in an $n \times n$ orthogonal matrix?

Suppose one has an $n \times n$ orthogonal matrix $M$:
$$
\left(
\begin{array}{ccc}
0.239326 & 0.846726 &
0.475161 \\
0.768893 & 0.13356 &
-0.625272 \\
0.592897 & ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### The 2-norm of a positive circulant matrix

Define a circulant matrix $A$ for complex numbers $a_1, a_2, ..., a_n$ as follows:
$$
\text{circ}(a_1,\ldots,a_n)=
\left[ \begin{matrix}
a_1& a_2 & \cdots & a_{n-1} & a_n \\
a_n& ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

206 views

### If $A>B>0$, can we always find a positive real number $\alpha$, $0<\alpha < 1$ such that $\alpha A \geq B $?

Suppose we have positive-definite matrices $A$, $B$, if $A>B>0$, can we always find a positive real number $\alpha$, $0<\alpha < 1$ such that $ \alpha A \geq B $? If it has, then what ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

72 views

### Perturbation of eigenvalues of some special matrices

In perturbation theory of linear operators, one major question is how the eigenvalues of a linear operator $A$ change under a small perturbation, $A(x) = A + xP$, with $x\in\mathbb{R}$. For instance, ...

**7**

votes

**5**answers

332 views

### Packing obtuse vectors in $\mathbb{R}^d$

I came across this attractive theorem:
Theorem. In $\mathbb{R}^d$, there can be at most $d+1$ vectors that
form an obtuse angle with one another.
This was proved1 as a corollary of a lemma about ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

184 views

### Decomposition of a semi-definite matrix into sums of sparse semi-definite matrices

I'll first provide the background.
Let $x\in\mathbb{R}^N$ be decomposed into $n$ non-overlapping blocks of variables
$x^{(1)},\ldots,x^{(n)}$.
We say that $f:\mathbb{R}^N\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

218 views

### Eigenvectors as continuous functions of matrix - diagonal perturbations

The general question has been treated here, and the response was negative. My question is about more particular perturbations. The counterexamples given in the previous question have variations not ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### Generalizing the spectral radius of a unistochastic matrix

Consider a square matrix $A$, and from it construct $B$ whose entries are the squared magnitudes of those in $A$. What can we say about the spectral radius of $B$? I know that for a unitary matrix ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

126 views

### Bounding the largest Singular value

D is a $n \times n$ diagonal matrix whose diagonal entries lies in $(0,1]$.
B is any $n \times n$ n.n.d. matrix.
What will be the sharpest upper bound on the largest eigenvalue of:
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

253 views

### Convexity of the product of two exponential matrices

Let $S\subset\mathbb{R}$ be a convex set and $\mathbb{S}^{n}$ be the set of real symmetric matrices of order $n\times n$.
A matrix valued function $\Gamma: S \rightarrow \mathbb{S}^{n}$ is said to ...

**6**

votes

**7**answers

812 views

### Source for roots of matrix polynomials?

A
matrix polynomial
is a polynomial whose variables are square $n \times n$ matrices,
let's say with entries in $\mathbb{C}$, and with coefficients in $\mathbb{C}$.
I am seeking a source of results on ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Create matrix containing values in [0,1] where sum of all diagonals and anti-diagonals is fixed

The problem I am facing sounds at first glance pretty simple. However, as very often, it seems more complicated than I first assumed:
I want to calculate a matrix $P = (p_{j,k}) \in \mathbb{R}^{n ...