**15**

votes

**0**answers

727 views

### The Fourier Transform of taking Eigenvalues

The purpose of this question is to ask about the Fourier transform of the map which associate to an $n$ by $n$ matrix its $n$ eigenvalues, or some function of the $n$ eigenvalues. The main motivation ...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

402 views

### Cauchy matrices with elementary symmetric polynomials

$\newcommand{\vx}{\mathbf{x}}$
Let $e_k(\vx)$ denote the elementary symmetric polynomial, defined for $k=0,1,\ldots,n$ over a vector $\vx=(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ by
\begin{equation*}
e_k(\vx) := \sum_{1 ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

333 views

### Noncommutative arithmetic mean geometric mean inequality and symmetric polynomials

While analyzing convergence speed of stochastic-gradient methods for convex optimization problems, Recht et al (2011) posed a tantalizing conjecture. It seems quite tricky, so after having struggled a ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

272 views

### Descartes rule of signs for a noncommutative polynomial in matrix variables

Recently, while studying certain notions of "averaging" a set of input matrices, I obtained a nonlinear polynomial in matrix variables. A simple example is
\begin{equation*}
\mathcal{G}(X) := X^n - ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

699 views

### Diagonalizing some matrices arising from Fourier transform on $S_n$.

Consider the function $f$ on $S_n$ which equals $1/n$ on all adjacent transpositions $(i,i+1)$, where we let $n+1 = 1$, and $0$ otherwise, and its Fourier transform $\hat{f}(\rho)$ evaluated at the ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

565 views

### Regular languages of matrices and their generating functions

My question is somewhat related to this question.
Let us fix natural numbers $k$ and $C$. Let $A$ be an automaton whose alphabet consists of $k\times k$ matrices with integer coefficients of ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

456 views

### Is “being a full ring of quotients” a Morita invariant property?

Definition and context:
An (associative, unital, not necessarily commutative) ring $R$ is called classical if every regular element of $R$ is a unit. Equivalently, $R$ is its own classical ring of ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

155 views

### Determining the kernel of a Vandermonde-like matrix

The kernel of a Vandermonde matrix can be determined using >this< formula.
The following type of matrix has a similar structure, and should also have a one-dimensional kernel.
$V=
...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

266 views

### Eigenvalues of permutations of a real matrix: how complex can they be?

This is sort of complementary to this thread. I’ll repeat the definitions here:
For a matrix $M\in GL(n,\mathbb R)$, consider the $n!$ matrices obtained by permutations of the rows (say) of $M$ and ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

447 views

### Bounding sum of first singular values squared for Kronecker sum of traceless matrices

Let $A$ and $B$ be $4\times4$ traceless matrices with Hilbert-Schmidt norms summing up to $1/4$, i.e.
$$\text{Tr}\left[ A\right]=\text{Tr}\left[ B\right] = 0,\qquad\text{Tr}\left[ A^\dagger A + ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

294 views

### What is the “positive part” of the unit ball in $M_n(R)$ ?

In ${\bf M}_n(\mathbb R)$, let us consider the usual operator norm
$$\|A\|=\sup\frac{\|Ax\|}{\|x\|},$$
where $\|x\|$ is the Euclidian norm.
The closed unit ball $B$ is the set of contractions (in the ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

202 views

### Generalized Classical Adjoints and Factorizations of the Characteristic Polynomial

This is idle noodling, and I'm prepared to learn that it's foolish as well as idle. But....
Let $M$ be an $n\times n$ matrix over, oh, let's say an algebraically closed field for now. There have ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

151 views

### LU factorization for $I+A$ (A skew-symmetric)

The matrix $M=I+A\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$, where $I$ is the identity and $A=-A^T$ is skew-symmetric satisfies
$$
Mx\cdot x = \|x\|^2 \quad\text{for all }x\in\mathbb{R}^n.
$$
Therefore, $M=LU$ has ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

173 views

### Solving $P=AB,Q=BA$, in the unknowns $A,B$

Let $p\geq q$ $P\in M_p(\mathbb{C}),Q\in M_q(\mathbb{C})$. We seek $A\in M_{p,q},B\in M_{q,p}$ s.t. $P=AB,Q=BA$. The NS conditions for the existence of $(A,B)$ are given in
On the matrices AB and BA. ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

320 views

### Spaces of matrices with same eigenvalue/Great circles in O(n)-orbits

Let $Sym^2(V)$ be the set of symmetric matrices of a real $n$-dimensional vector space $V$. Given an element $\underline{\lambda}=[\lambda_1,\ldots \lambda_n]\in \mathbb{RP}^n$, where ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

600 views

### inverse eigenvalue problem on graph laplacian

I am trying to construct a graph Laplacian matrix from a set of eigenvalue. I've read several papers about inverse eigenvalue problems but to be honest I didn't understand clearly. Could somebody ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

240 views

### Symmetric matrices with $\rho(A)\gg\|A\|_\infty$

For a symmetric real matrix $A$, denote by $\rho(A)$ the spectral radius of $A$, and by $\sigma(A)$ the largest absolute row sum of $A$; that is, $\sigma(A)=\max_i \sum_j |a_{ij}|$, where $a_{ij}$ are ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

195 views

### Singularity of an $l\times l$ matrix whose entries are $2l$-th roots of unity

Let $l$ be a positive integer, $\zeta$ be a primitive $2l$-th root of unity in $\mathbb{C}$, and $\alpha,\beta$ be $\pm1$ sequences of length $l$, i.e. $\alpha_k=\pm1,\beta_k=\pm1$ for ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Inverses of the sums of all possible subsets of a set of symmetric and positive definite matrices

I have a set of $c$ matrices $A_1 ... A_c$ which are all symmetric and positive definite. I would like to calculate the inverses of all the possible sums, i.e.
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

158 views

### Bound on number of multiplications required to generate a matrix algebra from generators?

I've got a question about matrices and matrix algebras that offhand seems difficult, I'm wondering there is any sharp solution? Or perhaps it's known to not have any solution at all?
Suppose you have ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### Largest entry of the inverse matrix?

I wonder if there is a "qualitative way" of predicting from the structure ix of the matrix $A$ which entry of $A^{-1}$ will be the largest. I am specially interested in the case
that $A$ is a ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

331 views

### Determine if a matrix is unimodular

Is deciding if an integer square matrix has determinant $\pm 1$ faster that calculating the determinant of the matrix?

**5**

votes

**0**answers

196 views

### concentration for eigenvectors

I am interested in bounding from above the ratio between the maximum and minimum entries of a Perron vector. The only results that I found in the literature are from the classic masters (Ostrowski and ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

518 views

### Status of Hadamard matrix conjecture

I would like to know if any progress has been made on Hadamard conjecture : There exists a Hadamard matrix of order $n=4k$ $\forall k \in \mathbb{N}$.

**5**

votes

**0**answers

390 views

### symplectic matrices

If $( A B | C D)$ is a symplectic matrix with entries in the finite field with two elements, is it necessarily the case that
$\sum_{i,j,k} a_{ij}b_{ij}c_{ik}d_{ik} = 0$?
This arose in connection ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

287 views

### A stronger Cauchy-Schwarz inequality for traces of compression matrices

Assume that $A$ and $B$ are contractions, so
$I-AA^T$ and $I-BB^T$ are positive-definite matrices. Let
$C=(I-AB^T)^{-1}(I-AA^{T})(I-BA^{T})^{-1}$, and show that:
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Groups of operators between local unitaries and full unitaries

Consider the group $U(d_1) \otimes U(d_2)$ of "local unitary" operators acting on the complex space $\mathbb{C}^{d_1} \otimes \mathbb{C}^{d_2}$ (i.e., $U(d_1) \otimes U(d_2)$ is the group of unitary ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Concept of eigenvector restricted to nonnegative entries

Let $X\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be a positive semidefinite matrix. The leading eigenvector $v\in \mathbb{R}^n$ of $X$ is the solution to the problem
$\arg \max_{v:\lVert v\rVert_2=1} \lambda\quad$ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

163 views

### How to find the unitary matrices in this exponential matrix representation

In the following post
Representing a product of matrix exponentials as the exponential of a sum
there is a statement regarding the result of the multiplication of two matrix exponentials:
if $A$ and ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Preconditioner for finding the smallest eigenpairs of a large, but structured, matrix

I'm trying to find the eigenvector corresponding to the second smallest eigenvalue of a large $(4,000,000 \times 4,000,000)$ matrix $L$. $L$ is a graph Laplacian, with the following structure: $L = D ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

235 views

### How to calculate the inverse of a matrix with block Kronecker structure?

I have a Hermitian matrix $A$ with the following block Kronecker structure,
$A =
\begin{pmatrix}
R_0 \bigotimes S_0 & R_1 \bigotimes S_1\\
R_1^H \bigotimes S_1^H & R_0 \bigotimes S_0
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

140 views

### Examples of functions from matrices to real numbers with certain properties

Let $M(\mathbb{R})$ be the set of all matrices (of any size) over $\mathbb{R}$. Let $v : M(\mathbb{R}) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a function which satisfies the following 5 properties:
If ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

351 views

### A generalization of Liouville formula for the determinant of a system of ODE?

Let $\Phi(t)$ be an $n\times n$ complex matrix whose columns are (independent) solutions of the system of ordinary differential equations (ODE):
$\frac{d}{dt}y= A(t) y$, where $A(t)$ is a ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### connectivity in automata by words of length n-1

Let $A$ be a complete strongly connected automaton with $n$ states. Does always exist a word $v$ of length at most $n-1$ such that its underlying graph is connected?
That is for any pair of distinct ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

428 views

### Characteristic polynomial of a symmetric integer matrix

I am wondering what, if anything, is known about the characteristic polynomials of integer symmetric matrices. I believe I read somewhere that not every polynomial with integer coefficients can be a ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

817 views

### Cartan decomposition for upper triangular matrices

Due to the comments, I have the impression that I have to be more precise.
Consider $G= GL_n(F)$ for a non-Archimedean field $F$ with ring of integers $o$.
Let $K= GL_n(o)$ and let $I$ the Iwahori ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

543 views

### Path connected set of matrices?

Consider the collection of $n$ by $n$ matrices
$$S=\{ A: A_{ij}\le0,\quad (-1)^{c_i}\det A(P_i;Q_i)<0 \quad \text{for} \quad i=1,\ldots, k\}$$
where $c_i\in \{0,1\}$, $P_i$ and $Q_i$ are disjoint ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

408 views

### Smallest matrix covered by many random n by n matrices

We say that a matrix $M$ can be covered by a (smaller) matrix $N$ if every entry in $M$ is contained in some submatrix of $M$ that exactly equals to $N$, up to reordering the rows and columns of $N$. ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

268 views

### What are the eigenvectors of the Lagrange interpolation matrix?

Let $F$ be a field.
Let $x_1,\ldots,x_k,y_1,\ldots,y_k\in F$ be distinct elements in the field.
Consider the $k\times k$ matrix that in position $i$, $j$ has the element
$\frac{\prod_{l\neq i}(y_i - ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

220 views

### Growth of symmetric positive definite integral matrices.

Given an integer $d$, let $\alpha_d(N)$ denote the number of symmetric integral positive definite matrices of size $d\times d$ with coefficients in $\lbrace -N,-N+1,\dots,N-1,N\rbrace$.
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Matrix normalization for constant row and column sums

From a mxn matrix M with only strictly positive elements, I want to multiply each row and each column by real values in order to obtain a matrix N whose row sums are all 1/m and column sums are all ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

240 views

### A matrix minimisation problem

Feel free to edit the title!
Suppose A is a C*-algebra and $a,b\in A$ are self-adjoint. I'd be very happy with A being just $n\times n$ matrices.
Question: If there are $t\in\mathbb R$ and ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

355 views

### The order of the Jacobi method for Hermitian matrices

Let $H$ be an $n\times n$ Hermitian matrix. The Jacobi method is an iterative method for finding the spectrum of $H$. It is described in every book on numerical linear algebra.
Principle: At step ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

421 views

### Haar measure on strictly upper triangular matrices

Let F be a function field, and A its adele ring. I want to consider U(A)/U(F), where U(A) is the space of strictly upper triangular matrices with entries from A, and U(F) is the same with entries ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

473 views

### An inverse eigenvalue problem on Jacobi matrices

I am interested in trying to design a Hermitian Jacobi (tridiagonal) matrix $H$ that has specific properties. The basic property, which is simple enough to construct, is that for an $N\times N$ matrix ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### Method to Generate Random Mutually Orthogonal Unitary Matrices

The title says it all, I'd like to know if such a method exists to generate random mutually orthogonal unitary matrices. If so, any supplementary references would be very much obliged. Thanks again!

**3**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Rank 1 Approximation of Elementwise Inverse Matrix

I'm wondering whether there is a good way to solve the following optimisation problem.
Given a strictly positive quadratic matrix $A$, find two diagonal matrices $D_1$ and $D_2$ so that
$$ \| D_1 A ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

206 views

### The Poisson-kernel in the plane and polynomials

Let
\begin{align*}
p(z) & = \ \prod_{j = 1}^{n} (z - z_j) \, ; \ |z_j| \ = \ 1 \\
& = \ \prod_{j = 1}^{l+1} (z - z_j)^{M_j}
\end{align*}
be a non-constant complex polynomial with ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### Inverting a matrix with entries equal to positive or negative infinity

I would like to define an inverse on matrices whose entries may be positive or negative infinity.
To formulate my problem precisely, suppose that I have a matrix $A$ and another matrix $B$. How do I ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Large prime divisors in entries of matrix powers

Are any examples known of an integer matrix $A$, such that the largest prime divisor of some specified entry of $A^n$ grows exponentially in $n$? How about where it just grows strictly faster than any ...