**18**

votes

**4**answers

20k views

### Eigenvalues of Matrix Sums

Is there a relationship between the eigenvalues of individual matrices and the eigenvalues of their sum?
What about the special case when they are Hermitian and positive-definite?
I am investigating ...

**121**

votes

**19**answers

14k views

### Geometric Interpretation of Trace

This afternoon I was speaking with some graduate students in the department and we came to the following quandry;
Is there a geometric interpretation of the trace of a matrix?
This question ...

**24**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### The probability for a symmetric matrix to be positive definite

Let me give a reasonable model for the question in the title. In ${\rm Sym}_n({\mathbb R})$, the positive definite matrices form a convex cone $S_n^+$. The probability I have in mind is the ratio ...

**23**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Adjacency matrices of graphs

Motivated by the apparent lack of possible classification of integer matrices up to conjugation (see here) and by a question about possible complete graph invariants (see here), let me ask the ...

**19**

votes

**4**answers

792 views

### Does Anyone Know Anything about the Determinant and/or Inverse of this Matrix?

The matrix I am inquiring about here is the $n \times n$ matrix where the entry $A_{ij}$ is $\frac{1}{(i+j-1)^2}$. The $2 \times 2$ matrix looks like
$$
\begin{pmatrix}
1 & 1/4 \\
1/4 & 1/9
...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

358 views

### Is this a metric on the Grassmannian Manifold?

Let $m>n$ and consider the Set
$$S_{m,n}=\{A \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times n}\lvert A^TA=I_n \}.$$
Does the function $d\colon S_{m,n} \times S_{m,n} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ defined by
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

198 views

### concentration for eigenvectors

I am interested in bounding from above the ratio between the maximum and minimum entries of a Perron vector. The only results that I found in the literature are from the classic masters (Ostrowski and ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

633 views

### Number of idempotent $n\times n$ matrices over $\mathbb{Z}_m$ ?

Is there any known formula for the number of idempotent $n\times n$ matrices over $\mathbb{Z}_m$ ?
The number of idempotent matrices over a finite field is well-known and since we can decompose $m$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Reference for partial Hadamard matrices

Definition. An $m\times n$ matrix is said to be a partial Hadamard matrix (let's say PHM) if its entries are chosen from $\lbrace -1, 1 \rbrace$ such that the dot product of each pair of row vectors ...

**58**

votes

**2**answers

4k views

### Norms of Commutators

If an $n$ by $n$ complex matrix $A$ has trace zero, then it is a commutator, which means that there are $n$ by $n$ matrices $B$ and $C$ so that $A= BC-CB$. What is the order of the best constant ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Number of unique determinants for an NxN (0,1)-matrix.

I'm interested in bounds for the number of unique determinants of NxN (0,1)-matrices. Obviously some of these matrices will be singular and therefore won't have a determinant. While it might also be ...

**10**

votes

**5**answers

831 views

### Can always a family of symmetric real matrices depending smoothly on a real parameter be diagonalized by smooth similarity transformations?

This question is related to another question, but it is definitely not the same.
Is it always possible to diagonalize (at least locally around each point) a family of symmetric real matrices $A(t)$ ...

**27**

votes

**7**answers

1k views

### Does the truth of any statement of real matrix algebra stabilize in sufficiently high dimensions?

This question is related to this recent but currently
unanswered MO
question
of Ricky Demer, where it arose as a comment.
Consider the structure $R^n$ consisting of $n\times n$
matrices over the ...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

852 views

### looking for proof or partial proof of determinant conjecture

Math people:
I am looking for a proof of a conjecture I made. I need to give two definitions. For distinct real numbers $x_1, x_2, \ldots, x_k$, define $\sigma(x_1, x_2, \ldots, x_k) =1$ if $(x_1, ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Eigenvectors and eigenvalues of Tridiagonal matrix

Hi, is it possible to analytically evaluate the eigenvectors and the eigenvalues of a tridiagonal matrix of the form :
$$
\mathcal{T}^{a}_n(p,q) = \begin{pmatrix}
0 & q & 0 & 0 ...

**15**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Condition for two matrices to share at least one eigenvector?

Suppose that I have two matrices $A$ and $B$, and I want them to share a common eigenvector $x$. For simplicity let's just assume that the eigenvalue associated with $x$ is $1$ for both matrices, so ...

**12**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### Expected determinant of a random NxN matrix.

What is the expected value of the determinant over the uniform distribution of all possible 1-0 NxN matrices? What does this expected value tend to as the matrix size N approaches infinity?

**9**

votes

**1**answer

907 views

### Arithmetic-geometric mean of positive matrices

Let $A,B$ be positive definite (Hermitian) matrices. Define the Arithmetic-geometric means of positive matrices by $A_0=A, G_0=B$, $A_{n+1}=\frac{A_n+G_n}{2}, G_{n+1}=A_n\natural G_n$, where ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### 2-norm of the upper triangular “all-ones” matrix

Let $M_n$ be the $n\times n$ matrix
$$
(M_n)_{ij}=\begin{cases}1 & i\leq j,\\\\ 0 &i>j.\end{cases}
$$
Is there around an explicit expression or at least an asymptotic for $\left\Vert M_n ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

959 views

### Concavity of $\det^{1/n}$ over $HPD_n$.

One of my beloved theorems in matrix analysis is the fact that the map $H\mapsto (\det H)^{1/n}$, defined over the convex cone $HPD_n$ of Hermitian positive definite matrices, is concave. This is ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

277 views

### Eigenvalues of permutations of a real matrix: how complex can they be?

This is sort of complementary to this thread. Iâ€™ll repeat the definitions here:
For a matrix $M\in GL(n,\mathbb R)$, consider the $n!$ matrices obtained by permutations of the rows (say) of $M$ and ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Conditions for smooth dependence of the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a matrix on a set of parameters

Let $A\in\mathcal M_n$ be an $n\times n$ real [symmetric] matrix which depends smoothly on a [finite] set of parameters, $A=A(\xi_1,\ldots,\xi_k)$. We can view it as a smooth function $A:\mathbb ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

530 views

### Free subgroups of GL(2,Z)

Is there a bound $B$ such that every 2-generator subgroup
$G = \langle a, b \rangle < {\rm GL}(2,\mathbb{Z})$
whose generators do not satisfy a relation of length $\leq B$ is free?
If it exists, ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

545 views

### Eigenvectors of a particular transition matrix

I am considering a Markov chain with $n$ states with a particularly nice structure. The transition matrix is as follows:
\begin{equation}\mathbf{P}=\begin{pmatrix}
0 & 0& \dots&0 & 0 ...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

961 views

### Bounding the absolute sum of entries of the inverse of a 0-1 matrix

I have a non-singular square 0-1 matrix and I want to bound the sum of absolute values of its inverse as a function of n (or the vector 1-norm).
Asymptotic results are also useful.
Does anyone know ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

776 views

### Elements of finite order of $\mathrm{PGL}(n,\mathbb{Q})$

For some research work, I need to know the classification of elements of finite order of $\mathrm{PGL}(n,\mathbb{Q})$, up to conjugation.
Since I essentially need $n\le 4$, I think that I can show it ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### How to solve this quadratic matrix equation?

I would like to solve for $X$ in the matrix equation
$$
XCX + AX = I
$$
where all the matrices are $n\times n$, have real components, $X$ is positive semidefinite and $C$ is symmetric. My (possibly ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

4k views

### Fast trace of inverse of a square matrix

Which would be the most efficient way (in computational time) to compute tr(inv(H)), where H is a (dense) square matrix?
In my particular problem I also have a LU decomposition of H already ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

463 views

### Is “being a full ring of quotients” a Morita invariant property?

Definition and context:
An (associative, unital, not necessarily commutative) ring $R$ is called classical if every regular element of $R$ is a unit. Equivalently, $R$ is its own classical ring of ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

361 views

### Probability that a random distance function is metric

Take a random $n \times n$ nonnegative symmetric matrix $D$ with zero diagonal. What is the probability that it is an abstract distance matrix, i.e. satisfies $D_{xy}+D_{yz} \geq D_{xz}$ for all index ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

818 views

### Matrix inversion lemma with pseudoinverses

The utility of the Matrix Inversion Lemma has been well-exploited for several questions on MO. Thus, with some positive hope, I'd like to field a question of my own.
Suppose we pick $n$ values ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

478 views

### A question on eigenvalues

Let $A_{1}$, $A_{2}$, $A_{3}$, $A_{4}$, $A_{5}$ be linearly independent Hermitian matrices in the the space of $6$ by $6$ Hermitian matrices as a vector space over $\mathbb{R}$. Does there always ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

937 views

### How many minors I need to check to conclude all minors will vanish ?

Given a $m \times n$ matrix $n>m$, I was trying to check if all its $m \times m$ minor vanish.
I remember hearing that one really does not need to check all possible minors in order to conclude ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

847 views

### Surjective maps given by words, redux

I asked some time ago:
Let $w(X,Y)$ be a word in $X$ and $Y$ (i.e., an element in the free group on $X$ and $Y$). Let the variables $x$ and $y$ now range among elements of $SL_n(K)$, $K$ an ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

257 views

### Does small Perron-Frobenius eigenvalue imply small entries for integral matrices?

Suppose that $M$ is an $n \times n$ matrix where each entry is a positive integer. Then $M$ is Perron-Frobenius and so has unique largest real eigenvalue $\lambda_{\textrm{PF}}$.
Does an upper ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

704 views

### Eigenvectors and eigenvalues of nonsymmetric Tridiagonal matrix

Hi, the question is following: We have one matrix
$$\begin{pmatrix}
-\beta & \Delta & 0 & 0 &\cdots & 0 & 0 & 0 \newline
\beta & -(\beta+\Delta) & \Delta & ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

422 views

### Hessian of function of covariance matrices

Suppose we have a typical logdet function $\mathcal{L}$ with respect to a covariance matrix $\mathbf{A}$,
$$
\mathcal{L}(\mathbf{A}) = \log\vert \mathbf{I} + \mathbf{A}\mathbf{S} \vert - ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

269 views

### Injectivity of matrix “fingerprint”

Consider $S$, the set of all $n\times m$ real matrices with specified row sums $(r_1,...,r_n)$, column sums $(c_1,...,c_m)$, and strictly positive entries.
For any matrix $A$, define
$$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### A natural bijection between the orbit spaces of $p$-nilpotent matrices for varying $p$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p$, call a matrix $X\in\mathfrak{gl}_n(k)$ $p$-nilpotent if $X^p=0$, and let $\mathcal{N}_1=\mathcal{N}_1(\mathfrak{gl}_n(k))$ be the set of ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Calculating the Perron-Frobenius eigenvector of a positive matrix from limited information

In the background of this question is a matrix $A$, all of whose elements are positive. The Perron-Frobenius theorem tells us that the eigenvalue with largest absolute value is real, and that there ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

229 views

### Are the finite dimensional von Neumann algebras, singly generated?

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a finite dimensional von Neumann algebra, then :
$$\mathcal{M} \simeq \bigoplus_i M_{n_i}(\mathbb{C})$$
Question : Is it singly generated (as von Neumann algebra)? how ?
...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

2k views

### Eigenvalues of Symmetric Tridiagonal Matrices

Suppose I have the symmetric tridiagonal matrix:
$ \begin{pmatrix}
a & b_{1} & 0 & ... & 0 \\\
b_{1} & a & b_{2} & & ... \\\
0 & b_{2} & a & ... & 0 ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

344 views

### The singular values of the Hilbert matrix

The $n\times n$ Hilbert matrix $H$ is defined as
$H_{ij} = \frac{1}{i+j-1}, \qquad 1\leq i,j\leq n$
What is known about the singular values $\sigma_1\geq\ldots\geq \sigma_n$ of $H$?
For example, ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

306 views

### Almost orthogonal vectors in subsets of euclidean space

Given the vector space $\mathbb{R}^n$, endowed with the standard inner (dot) product $\langle\cdot,\cdot\rangle:\mathbb{R}^n\times \mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}$, the problem of almost-orthogonal sets ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

942 views

### Eigenvalues of nonnegative integer matrices

Edit
I realized that the key piece of information that I need is question 1, and so I'd like to rephrase this post:
What are the possible eigenvalues of nonnegative integer matrices?
Any answer ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

250 views

### Is the p-norm of a matrix strictly log-convex?

Let $A$ be a $n\times n$-matrix. We let $\|A\|_p$ denote the norm of $A$ when considered as a linear operator on $\ell^p(\{1,2,\ldots,n\})$, that is,
$$
\|A\|_p = \sup_{x\neq ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

91 views

### Norm of triangular truncation operator on rank deficient matrices

Let $T_{n\times n}$ be a triangular truncation matrix, i.e.
$$T_{i,j}=\begin{cases}1 & i\ge j\\ 0 & i<j \end{cases}$$
It is known that for arbitrary $A_{n\times n}$
$$\|T\circ ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

276 views

### On tensor products of “generic” vectors

Suppose that $x_1,\ldots,x_n$ are $n$ vectors in $\mathbb{R}^m$ (where $m<n\leq m^2$) such that any subset of $m$ of them are linearly independent (i.e., they are "generic"). Now, form the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

456 views

### Symplectic block-diagonalization of a real symmetric Hamiltonian matrix

Given a $2n\times 2n$ real, symmetric, Hamiltonian matrix $W$ (anticommutes with the symplectic metric), is there an orthogonal, symplectic matrix $R$ such that $R^\top WR$ is block-diagonal?
Being ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

386 views

### Multinomial transformation for matrices

Suppose we have a vector of probabilities $\mathbf{p}=(p_1,...,p_n)$, where $p_i>0$ for $i=1,...n$ and $\sum p_i=1$. Define new vector $\mathbf{r}=(r_1,...,r_{n-1})$ in a following way:
...