Questions where the notion matrix has an important or crucial role (for the latter, note the tag matrix-theory for potential use). Matrices appear in various parts of mathematics, and this tag is typically combined with other tags to make the general subject clear, such as an appropriate top-level ...

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2
votes
0answers
75 views

Convergence rate of Pearson correlation matrix

I am interested in (rather sharp if not the finest) tail/concentration bounds for the Pearson correlation matrix: let $X_1,\ldots,X_N \sim \mathcal{N}(0,1)$ be correlated random variables; let ...
-5
votes
0answers
30 views

How to convert a row of matrix as ordered pairs in matlab? [on hold]

I have an n*3 matrix.Now i have to plot each row as a point with the elements in first, second,third columns as x,y,z coordinates in 3-d space.can anyone help me do this in matlab? Thanks in advance
6
votes
2answers
862 views

Computation of a Drazin inverse

I need to compute the Drazin inverse $A^D$ of a singular M-matrix $A$, i.e., a matrix in the form $A=\lambda I -P$, where $P$ has nonnegative entries and $\lambda$ is the spectral radius (Perron ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

Eigenvalues of the sum of two matrices, where one is $B=\operatorname{diag}(1, 0,\dots,0)$

I know that given two matrices $A$ and $B$, estimating the eigenvalues of $A + B$ by the eigenvalues of $A$ and $B$ is generally a non-easy problem. In particular, there are some results for matrices ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

Trace of a Product of Finitely Many Matrices with Cosine Entry

Can someone help me prove the following identity? $$ \mathop{\mathrm{Tr}}\left(\prod_{j=0}^{n-1}\begin{pmatrix} 2\cos\frac{2j\pi}{n} & -m \\ 1 & 0 \end{pmatrix}\right)= \begin{cases} 2 & ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

A question in compact set

Definitions: ${A_j},{\Delta _j} \in {C^{n \times n}},(j = 0,1,2....m)$ ${\rm{P(}}\lambda {\rm{) = }}{{\rm{A}}_m}{\lambda ^m} + .....{A_1}\lambda + {A_0}$ is a matrix polynomial, and $\lambda $ is ...
-5
votes
0answers
53 views

$A = \left\{ {{P_\Delta }(\lambda ):\left\| {{\Delta _j}} \right\| \le \varepsilon ,j = 0,1,2…m} \right\} \Rightarrow$A is closed [on hold]

Suppose ${P_\Delta }(\lambda ) = ({A_m} + {\Delta _m}){\lambda ^m} + ....... + ({A_1} + {\Delta _1}){\lambda ^1} + ({A_0} + {\Delta _0})$ is a matrix polynomial, and $\lambda $ is a complex ...
-5
votes
0answers
45 views

Let $A = \left\{ {\lambda \in C:{v^*}P(\lambda )v = 0,v \in C,{v^*}v = 1} \right\}$ Why is $A$ always closed? [on hold]

Let ${\rm{P(}}\lambda {\rm{) = }}{{\rm{A}}_m}{\lambda ^m} + .....{A_1}\lambda + {A_0}$ a matrix polynomial(${A_j} \in {C^{n \times n}},j = 0,1,2....m$), and $A = \left\{ {\lambda \in ...
-2
votes
0answers
42 views

A question in numerical range of matrix polynomial [on hold]

Let $${\rm{P(}}\lambda {\rm{) = }}{{\rm{A}}_m}{\lambda ^m} + .....{A_1}\lambda + {A_0}$$ a matrix polynomial(${A_j} \in {C^{n \times n}},j = 0,1,2....m$), and $$A = \left\{ {\lambda \in ...
14
votes
2answers
472 views

Matrix equation $XAXBXC=I$

Let $A,B,C$ be unitary matrices. Does there always exist a unitary matrix $X$ such that $$(XA)(XB)(XC)=I,$$ where $I$ is the identity matrix? The quadratic equation $(XA)(XB)=I$ has the solution ...
-4
votes
0answers
40 views

Commutator of a matrix as matrix multiplication [closed]

I want to find whether two square matrix A and B are commmutative as a multiplication either A is a contant multiplication of the identity matrix or the matrix B can be expressed as p(A) where p(x) is ...
-2
votes
0answers
32 views

Taking a 3d to 2d point [closed]

I'm trying to create a billboard type effect (orienting an object in 1/2 axis' excluding the other) using this code. ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Generate matrices at the given distance from the initial matrix

I have n-by-n correlation matrix $C_{ij}$, it's symmetric positive definite, and $C_{ii}=1$ and $C_{ij}\le1$ etc. I want to generate a bunch of matrices $M_{ij}$ which are on the same distance from ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

$l_{\infty}$ norms of matrix perturbations

Say $B$ is a real symmetric matrix of dimension $n$ and $A$ is another real symmetric matrix of the same dimension. What needs to be the bounds on (which?) norm of $B$ to ensure that ...
6
votes
2answers
656 views

Incidence geometry and matrices

Supposing I have a $0/1$ or $\pm1$ matrix $A$ of size $m\times n$, is there a minimum $d$ (that works for every $m\times n$ $A$) such that there exists $m$ lines $r_1,\dots,r_m$, $n$ lines ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Algebraically independent matrix invariants

Let $V$ be the space of pairs of $n \times n$ matrices over $\mathbb{C}$ and let $G$ be the space of $n \times n$ permutation matrices which acts on $(A,B) \in V$ by simultaneous conjugation. It is ...
-1
votes
0answers
45 views

Eigenvalues of circulant matrices [closed]

How to prove that the eigenvalue of cycle $C_n=\lambda_r=2 cos(2\pi r/n)$?where $r=0,1,...n-1$, which is proved for the circulant matrix with first row $(v_0=0,v_1=1,v_2=0, ...v_{n-2}=0,v_{n-1}=1)$, ...
4
votes
2answers
64 views

Integral roots of circulant matrix

When does the circulant matrix have only integral roots? For example: all roots of the adjacency matrix of the complete graph $K_n$ are integer, which its adjacency matrix is circulant, but in case ...
5
votes
0answers
118 views

Mapping the standard $(n!-1)$-simplex into $GL_n(\mathbb C)$

Let $\Delta^{n!-1}$ be the standard $(n!-1)$-simplex whose vertices are indexed by the elements of the symmetric group $S_n$, that is \begin{equation} \Delta^{n!-1} = \left\{ (t_\sigma)_{\sigma\in ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Determinant of a Certain Positive-Definite Block Matrix

Is there a lower bound for the determinant or minimum eigenvalue of the following $d$ by $d$ matrix in terms of $d$? $$\Gamma=\left( {\begin{array}{cc} I & B \\ B^{*} & I \\ \end{array} ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

On positive matrices and their eigenvectors

Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ positive integer-valued matrix, that is every entry of $A$ is a a positive integer. Let $\lambda$ be the Perron-Frobenius eigenvalue and $x = (x_1,...,x_n)^T$ the ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

The Condition Number of a Scaled Vandermonde

Let $V(x_1,..,x_n)$ be the Vandermonde induced by $x_1,..,x_n$ and Let $\tilde{V} = V(\frac{x_1}{h},...,\frac{x_n}{h})$. My intuition says that the condition number should be invariant to such ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Sparse Matrix Reordering

Matrix reorderings are important for many direct solvers. Sometimes the objective is to reduce the bandwith or the generated fill in by LU Decomposition. I am interested in a reordering which reduces ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Reference request: Strong Connectivity and the Incidence Matrix

Question: What would be a good reference for characterizations of strong connectivity of a digraph in terms of its incidence matrix? Details: Consider a digraph $(V, E)$ with vertex set $$V = ...
12
votes
2answers
424 views

Closure of the orbits of the $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$-action on $\mathbb{R}^2$

I'm coming with a very basic question for which I can't find an answer. Please forgive me if I didn't search efficiently enough. What can the closure of an orbit of an element $X$ of $\mathbb{R}^2$ ...
0
votes
1answer
160 views

Meaning of $[A,B]$ when $A$, $B$ are self-adjoint

This is just a question about notation, but it got no useful answers on math.stackexchange. Let $L$ be the Lie algebra of $n\times n$ Hermitian matrices, with Lie bracket $(A,B)\mapsto i(AB-BA)$. ...
1
vote
0answers
95 views

Maximizing sum of matrices

Over the last few months, I've been trying to find the solution to a research-related problem I'm having. However, my research is not in mathematics, and my progress toward reaching a solution has ...
19
votes
6answers
3k views

Expressing adj(A) as a polynomial in A?

Suppose $A\in R^{n\times n}$, where $R$ is a commutative ring. Let $p_i \in R$ be the coefficients of the characteristic polynomial of $A$: $\mathop{\mathrm{det}}(A-xI) = p_0 + p_1x + \dots + p_n ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Limit of largest eigenvalue [closed]

For positive definite matrix, if we increase the dimension to the infinity, is it true that the largest eigenvalue stays bounded from above? In other words does the following limit exists: ...
141
votes
20answers
19k views

Geometric Interpretation of Trace

This afternoon I was speaking with some graduate students in the department and we came to the following quandry; Is there a geometric interpretation of the trace of a matrix? This question ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

How to write a given rank matrix with some constraints?

If I want to write an $m\times n$ $0/1$ matrix with only rows or columns distinct, I could just pick $m$ or $n$ distinct natural numbers effectively writing them down as rows or columns in base $2$. ...
9
votes
3answers
458 views

Product of a Finite Number of Matrices Related to Roots of Unity

Does anyone have an idea how to prove the following identity? $$ \mathop{\mathrm{Tr}}\left(\prod_{j=0}^{n-1}\begin{pmatrix} x^{-2j} & -x^{2j+1} \\ 1 & 0 \end{pmatrix}\right)= \begin{cases} ...
2
votes
1answer
196 views

Bounded domain matrix factorization

Assume we're trying to find $A\in [-1,1]^{n\times d}, B\in [-1,1]^{m\times d}$, from an observed matrix $C\in [-d,d]^{n\times m}$, where $C=AB^T$. The goal is to return $\widehat A, \widehat B$ such ...
6
votes
1answer
129 views

Varieties parametrizing skew-symmetric matrices

Let $V$ be a vector space of dimension $n$ and let us consider the projective space $\mathbb{P}(\bigwedge^2V)$ parametrizing skew-symmetric matrices. Let $M\in\mathbb{P}(\bigwedge^2V)$, for any ...
11
votes
4answers
418 views

The conjugacy classes of diagonalizable $2 \times 2$ matrices can be identified with their eigenvalues, what about pairs?

For sake of simplicity, let's say that we live in $G = SL(2, \mathbb{C})$. Every conjugacy class of diagonalizable matrices $$[A] := \{gAg^{-1} \mid g \in G\}$$ can be identified with its set of ...
8
votes
1answer
493 views

Which finite groups have no irreducible representations other than characters?

A classical result states that all the irreducible representations of a finite group over $\mathbb{C}$ are characters if and only if $G$ is abelian. I would like to know what happens if we consider a ...
-1
votes
0answers
47 views

Spectral radius of principal submatrices for the case of hermitian matrix

A principal submatrix of a matrix $\mathbf{A}\in\mathbb{C}^{N\times N}$ is any submatrix from $\mathbf{A}$ for which the same rows and columns have been eliminated. Assume $\mathbf{A}$ is hermitian, ...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

Hankel matrix commuting with a Jacobi matrix

Assume the semi-infinite Hankel matrix $H$ with entries $$H_{i,j}=\alpha_{i+j-1}, \quad i,j\geq1,$$ where $\alpha_{n}\in\mathbb{R}$, is given. It turns out that in some special situations a ...
-3
votes
1answer
4k views

Product of Positive Matrices

Is the product of non-negative definite matrices also non-negative definite? If not, let A and B be non-negative definite matrices, is '$\operatorname{tr}(A^T B) \ge0$' ?
2
votes
1answer
207 views

Rank changes with matrix edits

Assume we have rank $r$ real matrix $M\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ (not constrained to symmetric). Assume $W\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ is rank $1$ real matrix. Case $1$: $M+W\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$. Could ...
1
vote
0answers
364 views

Possibility of Disconnected Subgraphs of a $k$ Connected $r$ regular Graph under a given condition

Context: Given a adjacency matrix A of a $r$-regular graph $G$ (not complete graph $K_{r+1}$) . $G$ is $k$ connected. The matrix A can be divided into 4 sub-matrices based on adjacency of vertex $x ...
4
votes
2answers
226 views

Determinant of block tridiagonal matrices

Is there a formula to compute the determinant of block tridiagonal matrices, when the determinants of the involved matrices are known? In particular, I am interested in the case $A = \begin{pmatrix} ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

Is there a way to find an efficient set of relations for presenting the subgroup generated by two matrices in $SL(2, q)$?

Given two elements $a, b \in SL(2, \mathbb{F}_q)$, is there a way to find an efficient presentation $$\langle x, y \mid \text{relations}\rangle$$ of the subgroup $\langle a, b \rangle$? My intention ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Complexity of sparse matrix-vector multiplication?

I have a vector $\mathbf{x}$ of size $m\cdot n$ of zeros and ones, i.e., $\mathbf{x}\in\{0,1\}^{m\cdot n}$ and a matrix $\mathbf{A}$ of size $\left(m\cdot n+m+n+1\right)\times\left(m\cdot n\right)$ of ...
2
votes
2answers
124 views

What are the 2-generated subgroups of the special linear group $SL(2, q)$ over a finite field?

What is the subgroup structure of the subgroups $\langle a, b\rangle$ where $a, b \in SL(2, q)$?
1
vote
0answers
66 views

How to calculate $det(X^TX)$ efficiently, update one column of X each time [closed]

$X_{1} = (A, b)$, where $X_{1}$ is a $n\times p$ matrix, $A$ is a $n\times (p-1)$ and $b$ is $n\times1$. First calculate $\det(X_{1}^T X_{1})$, then update $b$ with $c$, st. $X_{2} = (A, c)$ and ...
0
votes
2answers
338 views

Worst case difference in rank by column-row swapping

Given a matrix $m\in\{-1,+1\}^{n\times n}$. Consider $m^\sigma$ to be collection of all matrices obtained from $m$ by permuting rows and columns. Consider $\mathscr{M}[m^\sigma]$ to be collection of ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Most general hypotheses to have matrix-exponential as solution of linear matrix-ODE? [closed]

What are the most general hypotheses under which the exponential function $\exp(-B(t))$, with $B(t)$ the indefinite integral of a real Lebesgue-integrable $d\times d$-matrix function $A(t)$, solves ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Enumerator Polynomials for Linear Anytime Codes

Let $C = \{c \in \mathbb{F}^n_2 : Hc=0\}$ be a binary linear code where $H \in \mathbb{F}^{k \times n}_2$ is a block lower-triangular matrix of full rank called the parity-check matrix of $C$. Clearly ...
5
votes
0answers
54 views

Possible values of eigenvalues of Hadamard product of Hermitian matrices

One of the most important (and very well-known) result in the study of the spectrum of Hermitian matrices is Horn's conjecture (or theorem?), which provides a complete answer to the following problem: ...