**5**

votes

**2**answers

361 views

### Explicit Isomorphism between $Cl(8)$ and $\mathbb{R}(16)$

I am looking for a explicit isomorphism between $Cl(8)$ (Clifford algebra over $\mathbb{R}^8$ with standard Euclidean metric) and $\mathbb{R}(16)$ (algebra of $16\times 16$ matrices over ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

10 views

### Stucture of inverse (MP) of totally positive rectangular matrix

The special structure of inverse of non-singular totally positive square matrix (whose all entries are positive) discussed in MO(see here). The inverse has a special structure (M-matrix).
With some ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### SVD alternatives for symmetric matrices

Given any symmetric real valued matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$, I can decompose $A$ as the product of two complex matrices
$$
A = E'E
$$
Practically this can be done easily using SVD ...

**169**

votes

**22**answers

24k views

### Geometric Interpretation of Trace

This afternoon I was speaking with some graduate students in the department and we came to the following quandry;
Is there a geometric interpretation of the trace of a matrix?
This question ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

467 views

### Are the finite dimensional von Neumann algebras, singly generated?

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a finite dimensional von Neumann algebra, then :
$$\mathcal{M} \simeq \bigoplus_i M_{n_i}(\mathbb{C})$$
Question : Is it singly generated (as von Neumann algebra)? how ?
...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Left and right eigenvalues

A quaternionic matrix $A$ gives rise to a
function $\mathbb{H}^n \to \mathbb{H}^n$
given by $x \mapsto A \cdot x$. This is real linear,
but not complex- or quaternionic-linear
(in general) if we ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

9 views

### How can I efficiently approximate the stationary distribution of an infinite CTMC with a sparce rate matrix?

I am looking for methods to approximate the stationary distribution of an infinite CTMC with a sparse rate matrix. Each row and column of the rate matrix has a finite number of non-zero elements. ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

242 views

### Stabilization of the pencil of skew symmetric matrices by the orthogonal group

During my researches I've come across the following question.
Let $A$ and $B$ be a couple of square $k\times k$ skew symmetric matrices on $\mathbb R$. Let us consider the (real) pencil generated by ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

27 views

### Joint distribution of eigenvalue and matrix entry

Let $X=(X_{n,m})_{n,m=1}^N$ be a $N\times N$ GUE random matrix, and let $\lambda_1,\dots,\lambda_N$ denote its unordered eigenvalues. What can be said about the distribution of, say, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

55 views

### Matrix norm inequality for C*-Algebras [closed]

Let A a $C^*$-Algebra. I have already shown that the maps $Tr, \sigma: M_n(A)\rightarrow A$ given by $Tr((a_{ij})):=\sum_{i}a_{ii}$ and $\sigma\left(\left(a_{ij}\right)\right)=\sum_{i\text{, ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Determinant of a $4n \times 4n$ block matrix where every block is singular

I have a 4n$\times$4n matrix, which can be written as
\begin{pmatrix}
0 & A &B &C \cr
D& 0& E & F \cr
G& H & 0 & J \cr
K& L& M& 0
\end{pmatrix}
each ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

39 views

### Matrix transformation [closed]

I want to show that
$(I-H^T(-s)H(s))^{-1}$ has no poles on the imaginary axis
with $H(s)=C(sI-A)^{-1}B$ and $H^T(-s)=-B^T(sI+A)^{-T}C^T$
is equivalent to $M_\gamma$ has no purely imaginary ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

62 views

### Negative eigenvalue of Toeplitz Hermitian matrix?

I am working on estimation of a covariance matrix and I know that the matrix is Toeplitz. The desired matrix should not produce negative eigenvalues at all. However, sometime my estimation leads to a ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

773 views

### What is the Time Complexity of the Matrix Exponential?

While trying to compute the Matrix Exponential of an $n \times n$ array I decided to take advantage of a Python function called scipy.linalg.expm().
According to ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### A sufficient condition (or not) for positive semidefiniteness of a matrix?

Let $A\in M_{n}(\mathbb{C})$ be a Hermitian matrix. If for all $z_1,...,z_n\in\mathbb{C}$, $$\sum_{i,j=1}^{n}A_{ij}z_{i}\overline{z_{j}}\ge 0$$ then A is positive semidefinite.
I do not think the ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

744 views

### Detecting if a polynomial is a Pfaffian

Given an explicit polynomial, is there any kind of trick/algorithm to check whether it is a pfaffian of a matrix with linear entries?
The pfaffian can be defined as $\sqrt{{\rm det}(A) } $ when $A$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### Pfaffian of several skew-linear transformations / matrices

Introduction: Let's assume we have a 2-form $\alpha=(1/2)\sum_{j,k=1}^n a_{jk}\ e_j\wedge e_k$, where $n=2m$, and $a_{jk}\in\mathbb C$. We know that $\alpha^{\wedge ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

62 views

### coefficient-wise powers of matrices. Reference wanted

Let $K$ be a commutative field and ${\rm M}_n (K)$ be the ring of $n\times n$ square matrices with coefficients in $K$ ($n\geqslant 1$ is an integer). For $k\geqslant 1$ and $A =(a_{ij})_{1\leqslant ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### The class of $(-1,0,1)$-matrix with all row sums and column sums equalling to $0$

Let $n$ be an even positive integer and $W_n$ be the class of all $n\times n$ matrices with entries from the set $\{-1,0,1\}$ satisfying all row sums and column sums are equal to $0$.
For any $M\in ...

**7**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### solving Lyapunov-like equation

The following matrix equation might be a Lyapunov-like equation, but it seems hard for me to develop a simpler way to solve it. From the computation effort, I need some help for solving the special ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

524 views

### Is there a standard notation for off-diagonal transpose?

Given a matrix $A=\begin{pmatrix}a&b\\c&d\end{pmatrix}$,
its transpose, obviously, is $A^T=\begin{pmatrix}a&c\\b&d\end{pmatrix}$.
But is there a conventional way of notating the matrix
...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

281 views

### Explicit solution to a Rayleigh quotient equation

For 5 months! I have been struggling to solve the following equations analytically without numeric method (ie, Newton method):
Main equation:
$$
...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

486 views

### A maximal element, where Schur gives a minimal element

Let me recall a result due to I. Schur, which I learnt from F. Goldberg's answer to my MO question Hadamard-like inequalites for positive definite symmetric matrices. If $H$ is a subgroup of $\frak ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

73 views

### Perturbations on the pseudoinverse of a matrix

Given a matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}^{n\times m}$, and its perturbation
$$
A_p = A + \Delta
$$
is there a way to represent
$$
(A_p)^{\star}= (A)^{\star} + f(\Delta)
$$
where $(A_p)^{\star}$ ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

228 views

### Matrices with real spectrum

Assume you have a non-symmetric real square matrix all of whose eigenvalues are real. Can anything be said about it? Is it unitarily equivalent to a symmetric matrix?
EDIT: Is it at least similar to ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

223 views

### Product of conjugate matrices in $\mathrm{SL}(2, \mathbb{Z})$

I've read that if $M_1, \dots, M_n$ are matrices in $\mathrm{SL}(2, \mathbb{Z})$ whose product is the identity, and each is conjugate to the shear
$$ \begin{pmatrix} 1 & 1 \\ 0 & ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Finding nearest Toeplitz matrix to a given matrix

For an arbitrary $N\times N$ Hermitian matrix $A$, I want to derive a Toeplitz matrix from $A$ such that the eigenvectors of both matrices have minimal change.
Specifically I want find the Toeplitz ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Eigenvectors of symmetric positive semidefinite matrices as measurable functions

I'm currently interested in how discontinuous can get the eigenprojections of a continuous function taking values in a particular subspace of symmetric matrices.
I've been searching everywhere for an ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

53 views

### Functions with scalar times orthogonal Jacobian [duplicate]

I am interested in understanding functions $f:\mathbb{R}^d \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^d $ whose Jacobian at every point $x \in \mathbb{R}^d$ is a scalar times an orthogonal matrix.
I've seen a similar ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

82 views

### I have a very large sparse matrix, 'A', in Ax = b. What work in advance of getting 'b' can be done to reduce solving time?

This question borders between a programming and math question (more math). I have a little matrix knowledge but this is past my ability, so any help is very much appreciated.
Question
I have a very ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

285 views

### Bounded domain matrix factorization

Assume we're trying to find $A\in [-1,1]^{n\times d}, B\in [-1,1]^{m\times d}$, from an observed matrix $C\in [-d,d]^{n\times m}$, where $C=AB^T$.
The goal is to return $\widehat A, \widehat B$ such ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

904 views

### Singular values of sequence of growing matrices

I asked this question on math.stackexchange and haven't received an answer in two weeks, so I'm repeating it here.
Let
$$
H=\left(\begin{array}{cccc}
0 & 1/2 & 0 & 1/2 \cr
1/2 & 0 ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### A curious eigenvalue inequality

Suppose $A, B$ are positive definite Hermitian matrices, $U$ is a unitary matrix such that $AUB$ is Hermitian. The spectral radius of a square matrix $X$ is denoted by $\rho(X)$. In my study, I ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Is there a smooth polar decomposition for non-invertible matrices?

Every $n \times n$ real matrix $A$ has a polar decomposition $A=OP$, where $O \in O_n, P$ is symmetric positive semi-definite.
$P$ is uniquely determined by $A$, by $P(A)=\sqrt{A^TA}$,
and when $A$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### Bounding entries of the inverse of certain zero-one matrices

It is known that the entries of the inverse of an (invertible) $n \times n$ zero-one matrix $A$ can grow exponentially in $n$. See this MO question:
Bounding the absolute sum of entries of the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

11 views

### non-symmetric weak diagonal-dominant matrix, no decoupling: (a) is positive semi-definite? (b) has dim(ker)=1?

We are considering a matrix $A=(a_{ij})_{i,j=1,\ldots,d}\in\mathbb{R}^{d\times d}$ with the following property: $a_{ii}=-\sum_{j\neq i}a_{ij}$, i.e. the matrix is not only weak diagonal-dominant, but ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

198 views

### Rationality of a certain real algebraic variety

Let $A_n$ denote the vector space of $n\times n$ antisymmetric matrices over ${\mathbb{Q}}$, where $n$ is even.
Let $A_n^*\subset A_n$ denote the affine ${\mathbb{Q}}$-subvariety of invertible ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

449 views

### A matrix norm inequality

Suppose that $A, B$ are Hermitian positive definite matrices of the same order and $0\le p\le 1$. Using a standard approach in matrix analysis, one can show that
$\|A^{1-p}B^p\|\ge \|A\sharp_p B\|$, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

82 views

### Does similarity imply symmetric similarity?

Let $F$ be an infinite field. If two $n×n$ matrices $A,B$ are similar in $M_n(F)$, then are they also similar via a symmetric matrix (that is, is there a symmetric matrix $Q∈GL_n(F)$ such that ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

95 views

### Eigenvalues of cyclic tridiagonal matrix [closed]

The following matrix is the result of a special kind of balanced signed graph of order $n$. In the Matrix $n_1,n_2,..,n_k$ are positive integers, which satisfy $\sum
n_i=n.$ Prove that this matrix ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

306 views

### Singular values of the sum of A and A^T

As a part of my research, I need to achieve a lower bound to the smallest singular value, $\sigma_{n}(A+A^{T})$ for a stochastic $A$ (as a function of the singular values of $A$), which is generally ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

938 views

### Encoding vectors of size $n$ in matrices which less than $2n$ rows [closed]

I have a set of vectors and each has $n$ nonnegative entries.
Moreover, each entry of a vector has a quality: (1) or (2). It makes $2^n$ different possible patterns.
For example, let's take two ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

262 views

### Hankel matrix commuting with a Jacobi matrix

Assume the semi-infinite Hankel matrix $H$ with entries
$$H_{i,j}=\alpha_{i+j-1}, \quad i,j\geq1,$$
where $\alpha_{n}\in\mathbb{R}$, is given. It turns out that in some special situations a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

111 views

### Modified interlacing of eigenvalues

Let $A$ be a real symmetric matrix of order $n$ and $B=\begin{bmatrix}v &v &v &v\end{bmatrix}$ where $v$ is a non zero real column vector of dimension $n$. Consider $$C=\begin{bmatrix}A ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

41 views

### range of singular values of sub-matrices

Assume we have a $m \times n$ matrix $A$ with real entries representing an operator $T$ on $n$ dimensional real vector space $V$. Then we select a $n-1$ dimensional subspace of $E$ of $V$ and ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### Can the matrix exponential be equal to the elementwise exponential [closed]

Just out of curiosity: does there exist a matrix $A=(a_{i,j}) \in \mathbb{C}^{n\times n}, n>1$ such that $(e^{a_{i,j}})\in \mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$ is equal to the matrix exponential ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

780 views

### Is the componentwise square-root of a positive-definite matrix also pos.-def.?

Let $A=(a_{ij}) \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ be a matrix with $a_{ij} = a_{ji} \geq 0$ and
$B=(b_{ij})$ with $b_{ij} = \sqrt{a_{ij}}$.
Is $B$ positive-definite whenever $A$ is?
In other words:
...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

163 views

### The functional equation $T(x\otimes y)=T(x)\otimes T(y)$ on the matrix algebra

Is there a non trivial sequence $(T_{n})$ of linear operators $T_{n}$ on $M_{n}(\mathbb{C})$ such that $$T_{nm}(X\otimes Y)=T_{n}(X)
\otimes T_{m}(Y) $$ where $X$ and $Y$ are in $M_{n}(\mathbb{C})$ ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

418 views

### How to prove this determinant is positive-II?

Question: Given an arbitrary number of real matrices of the form $ A_i=
\biggl(\begin{matrix}
C_i+E_i & B_i \\
B_i^T & D_i-F_i
\end{matrix} \biggr)
$, where $B_i$ is an arbitrary $n\times n$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

11k views

### vector to diagonal matrix [closed]

For any column vector we can easily create a corresponding diagonal matrix, whose elements along the diagonal are the elements of the column vector.
Is there a simple way to write this transformation ...