Questions where the notion matrix has an important or crucial role (for the latter, note the tag matrix-theory for potential use). Matrices appear in various parts of mathematics, and this tag is typically combined with other tags to make the general subject clear, such as an appropriate top-level ...

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5
votes
2answers
350 views

Factor matrix ${\bf A}$ into the product ${\bf B}{\bf C}$ where ${\bf C}$ has no negative entries and ${\bf B}$ has few non-zero entries

This is a more carefully worded version of this question, here tailored to professional mathematicians. Consider a matrix ${\bf A}\in{\bf M}_{n\times n}({\mathbb R})$ with possibly positive, negative ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

A nice proof that completely bounded (cb) norm of transpose map on $ M_n $ is n

In my research of operator algebras and their connection with machine learning I of course use the well know result: For the map $ tr:M_n \to M_n $ denoting the transpose map of matrices (meaning ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Image of composition of integral upper triangular matrices

For $A,B$ integral upper triangular matrices on $\mathbb{Z}^k$, do we know something about the image $\text{im}(AB)$ in terms of $\text{im}(A)$, $\text{im}(B)$, unions, intersections, determinants, ...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

Checking whether the determinant of a matrix is non-zero [on hold]

For a positive integer $n$, let $c$ be the number of ordered integer tripartitions $(a,b,n-a-b)$ of $n$. Let $F = ( f_{ij} )$ be a $c \times c$ matrix where $f_{ij} = (i+1)^{a + b} (i+2)^{b}$ where $i$...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Carathéodory's theorem for $SO(3)$?

Let $Q \in \operatorname{Conv} SO(3)$. Is there a way to retrieve an explicit representation of $Q$ as convex combination $Q=\sum_{k=1}^{r}{\lambda_{i}R_{i}}, R_{i} \in SO(3)$? An approximation ...
5
votes
0answers
88 views

Solving matrix equation $X^{-1}=\sum_{i=1}^n D_i X A_i$ [on hold]

Does anybody know an algorithm to solve the following matrix equation? $$X^{-1}=\sum_{i=1}^n D_i X A_i$$ where $D_i$s are diagonal and $A_i$s are symmetric matrices. It would be great to have an ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Checking whether a given matrix has a non-zero determinant

For a positive integer $n$, let $c$ be the number of ordered integers tripartitions $(a_j,b_j,c_j)$ of $n$. Now consider the $c \times c$ matrix $M$ in which the value of the $M[i,j]$ is $M[i,j]={(...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

information measure for matrix that is analogous to rank

Is there a measure for matrix that is analogous to rank of the matrix, but it is continuous on matrix elements? Say, we could say the information in identity matrix $I_n$ is $n$, and when the off-...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

$nD$ rotation around a general $(n-2)$-dimensional subspace [closed]

According the Rodrigues' Rotation Formula $3D$ rotation matrix $\in$ $SO(3)$ corresponding to a rotation by an angle $\theta$ about a fixed axis specified by the unit vector $\hat{\omega}=(\omega_x,\...
-3
votes
0answers
77 views

Considering a matrix with integrer entries over $\mathbb{Z}/p \mathbb{Z}$, does it remain full rank? [closed]

Suppose I have an $m \times n$ matrix $M$ with integer coefficients, and suppose it has full rank. Let $p$ be a prime and now consider the matrix $\bar{M}$ over $\mathbb{Z}/p \mathbb{Z}$. Is it true ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

How to find a closed form of following matrix's determinant [closed]

I wanna find a closed form of determinant of the following matrix $$A(n) = \begin{pmatrix} B_{1} & B_{2} & \cdots & B_{n} & 1 \\ B_{n} & B_{1} & \cdots & B_{n-1} &...
8
votes
0answers
649 views

Path connected set of matrices?

Consider the collection of $n$ by $n$ matrices $$S=\{ A: A_{ij}\le0,\quad (-1)^{c_i}\det A(P_i;Q_i)<0 \quad \text{for} \quad i=1,\ldots, k\}$$ where $c_i\in \{0,1\}$, $P_i$ and $Q_i$ are disjoint ...
-1
votes
0answers
62 views

When will the spectral radius of a matrix reach its minimum?

Let $A$, $B$ be two $n\times n$ matrices. How to determine $s,t\in\mathbb{N}^+$ such that the spectral radius of $A^sB^t$ will reach its minimum?
8
votes
0answers
203 views

Determining the kernel of a Vandermonde-like matrix

The kernel of a Vandermonde matrix can be determined using >this< formula. The following type of matrix has a similar structure, and should also have a one-dimensional kernel. $V= \begin{...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

A particular Lie algebra $L_{n}$ and (various) lie groups whose Lie algebra is isomorphic to $L_{n}$

We define $$L_{n}=\{A=(a_{ij})\in M_{n}(\mathbb{R})\mid \sum_{i=1}^{n} a_{ij}=0 \;\;\;\text{for every fixed j}\}$$ This is a Lie subalgebra of $M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$. A dynamic-geometric proof for ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Number of Asymmetric, Balanced Permutation Matrices

let $\mathcal{ABP}$, the set of "asymmetric, balanced permutation matrices", be defined as the set of permutation matrices, that aren't equal their transpose but, for which the number $1$s below the ...
6
votes
1answer
233 views

coefficient-wise powers of matrices. Reference wanted

Let $K$ be a commutative field and ${\rm M}_n (K)$ be the ring of $n\times n$ square matrices with coefficients in $K$ ($n\geqslant 1$ is an integer). For $k\geqslant 1$ and $A =(a_{ij})_{1\leqslant i,...
3
votes
0answers
25 views

Selecting columns from multiple matrices to form a well-conditioned matrix

Given multiple matrices of the same size, is there a way to select one column from each matrix to form a well-conditioned matrix? For example, given four 4-by-10 matrices A, B, C, D (real, positive, ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

How can I efficiently approximate the stationary distribution of an infinite CTMC with a sparse rate matrix?

I am looking for methods to approximate the stationary distribution of an infinite CTMC with a sparse rate matrix. Each row and column of the rate matrix has a finite number of non-zero elements. ...
5
votes
1answer
302 views

Bounded domain matrix factorization

Assume we're trying to find $A\in [-1,1]^{n\times d}, B\in [-1,1]^{m\times d}$, from an observed matrix $C\in [-d,d]^{n\times m}$, where $C=AB^T$. The goal is to return $\widehat A, \widehat B$ such ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

How does the rank of $C_i$ change with $i$?

Let $k$ be a field. Let $A,B\in k^{m\times n}$ and $$C_i=\pmatrix{A&B&&&\\&A&B&&\\&&\ddots&\ddots&\\&&&A&B}\in k^{im\times(i+1)n}.$$ ...
13
votes
0answers
393 views

Determinant inequality involving Hermitian, positive definite matrices

Question: Let $A,B,C\in M_{n}(C)$ be Hermitian and positive definite matrices such that:$$A+B+C=I_{n}$$ Show that: $$\det\left(6(A^3+B^3+C^3)+I_{n}\right)\ge 5^n\det(A^2+B^2+C^2)$$ This question ...
5
votes
2answers
370 views

Explicit Isomorphism between $Cl(8)$ and $\mathbb{R}(16)$

I am looking for a explicit isomorphism between $Cl(8)$ (Clifford algebra over $\mathbb{R}^8$ with standard Euclidean metric) and $\mathbb{R}(16)$ (algebra of $16\times 16$ matrices over $\mathbb{R}$)....
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Stucture of inverse (MP) of totally positive rectangular matrix

The special structure of inverse of non-singular totally positive square matrix (whose all entries are positive) discussed in MO(see here). The inverse has a special structure (M-matrix). With some ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

SVD alternatives for symmetric matrices

Given any symmetric real valued matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$, I can decompose $A$ as the product of two complex matrices $$ A = E'E $$ Practically this can be done easily using SVD ...
171
votes
22answers
25k views

Geometric Interpretation of Trace

This afternoon I was speaking with some graduate students in the department and we came to the following quandry; Is there a geometric interpretation of the trace of a matrix? This question ...
3
votes
3answers
471 views

Are the finite dimensional von Neumann algebras, singly generated?

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a finite dimensional von Neumann algebra, then : $$\mathcal{M} \simeq \bigoplus_i M_{n_i}(\mathbb{C})$$ Question : Is it singly generated (as von Neumann algebra)? how ? ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

Left and right eigenvalues

A quaternionic matrix $A$ gives rise to a function $\mathbb{H}^n \to \mathbb{H}^n$ given by $x \mapsto A \cdot x$. This is real linear, but not complex- or quaternionic-linear (in general) if we ...
5
votes
2answers
246 views

Stabilization of the pencil of skew symmetric matrices by the orthogonal group

During my researches I've come across the following question. Let $A$ and $B$ be a couple of square $k\times k$ skew symmetric matrices on $\mathbb R$. Let us consider the (real) pencil generated by $...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Joint distribution of eigenvalue and matrix entry

Let $X=(X_{n,m})_{n,m=1}^N$ be a $N\times N$ GUE random matrix, and let $\lambda_1,\dots,\lambda_N$ denote its unordered eigenvalues. What can be said about the distribution of, say, $$\lvert\lambda_1-...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Matrix norm inequality for C*-Algebras [closed]

Let A a $C^*$-Algebra. I have already shown that the maps $Tr, \sigma: M_n(A)\rightarrow A$ given by $Tr((a_{ij})):=\sum_{i}a_{ii}$ and $\sigma\left(\left(a_{ij}\right)\right)=\sum_{i\text{, }j}a_{ij}$...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Determinant of a $4n \times 4n$ block matrix where every block is singular

I have a 4n$\times$4n matrix, which can be written as \begin{pmatrix} 0 & A &B &C \cr D& 0& E & F \cr G& H & 0 & J \cr K& L& M& 0 \end{pmatrix} each ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Matrix transformation [closed]

I want to show that $(I-H^T(-s)H(s))^{-1}$ has no poles on the imaginary axis with $H(s)=C(sI-A)^{-1}B$ and $H^T(-s)=-B^T(sI+A)^{-T}C^T$ is equivalent to $M_\gamma$ has no purely imaginary ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Negative eigenvalue of Toeplitz Hermitian matrix?

I am working on estimation of a covariance matrix and I know that the matrix is Toeplitz. The desired matrix should not produce negative eigenvalues at all. However, sometime my estimation leads to a ...
6
votes
2answers
821 views

What is the Time Complexity of the Matrix Exponential?

While trying to compute the Matrix Exponential of an $n \times n$ array I decided to take advantage of a Python function called scipy.linalg.expm(). According to ...
6
votes
1answer
212 views

A sufficient condition (or not) for positive semidefiniteness of a matrix?

Let $A\in M_{n}(\mathbb{C})$ be a Hermitian matrix. If for all $z_1,...,z_n\in\mathbb{C}$, $$\sum_{i,j=1}^{n}A_{ij}z_{i}\overline{z_{j}}\ge 0$$ then A is positive semidefinite. I do not think the ...
1
vote
3answers
747 views

Detecting if a polynomial is a Pfaffian

Given an explicit polynomial, is there any kind of trick/algorithm to check whether it is a pfaffian of a matrix with linear entries? The pfaffian can be defined as $\sqrt{{\rm det}(A) } $ when $A$ ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Pfaffian of several skew-linear transformations / matrices

Introduction: Let's assume we have a 2-form $\alpha=(1/2)\sum_{j,k=1}^n a_{jk}\ e_j\wedge e_k$, where $n=2m$, and $a_{jk}\in\mathbb C$. We know that $\alpha^{\wedge m}=\alpha\wedge\alpha\dots\wedge\...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

The class of $(-1,0,1)$-matrix with all row sums and column sums equalling to $0$

Let $n$ be an even positive integer and $W_n$ be the class of all $n\times n$ matrices with entries from the set $\{-1,0,1\}$ satisfying all row sums and column sums are equal to $0$. For any $M\in ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

solving Lyapunov-like equation

The following matrix equation might be a Lyapunov-like equation, but it seems hard for me to develop a simpler way to solve it. From the computation effort, I need some help for solving the special ...
4
votes
2answers
579 views

Is there a standard notation for off-diagonal transpose?

Given a matrix $A=\begin{pmatrix}a&b\\c&d\end{pmatrix}$, its transpose, obviously, is $A^T=\begin{pmatrix}a&c\\b&d\end{pmatrix}$. But is there a conventional way of notating the matrix ...
5
votes
2answers
291 views

Explicit solution to a Rayleigh quotient equation

For 5 months! I have been struggling to solve the following equations analytically without numeric method (ie, Newton method): Main equation: $$ \biggl(M^2-\cfrac{\mathbf{x^{\text{T}}}M^2\...
12
votes
1answer
489 views

A maximal element, where Schur gives a minimal element

Let me recall a result due to I. Schur, which I learnt from F. Goldberg's answer to my MO question Hadamard-like inequalites for positive definite symmetric matrices. If $H$ is a subgroup of $\frak ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

Perturbations on the pseudoinverse of a matrix

Given a matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}^{n\times m}$, and its perturbation $$ A_p = A + \Delta $$ is there a way to represent $$ (A_p)^{\star}= (A)^{\star} + f(\Delta) $$ where $(A_p)^{\star}$ ($(A)^{\star}...
2
votes
2answers
231 views

Matrices with real spectrum

Assume you have a non-symmetric real square matrix all of whose eigenvalues are real. Can anything be said about it? Is it unitarily equivalent to a symmetric matrix? EDIT: Is it at least similar to ...
11
votes
3answers
240 views

Product of conjugate matrices in $\mathrm{SL}(2, \mathbb{Z})$

I've read that if $M_1, \dots, M_n$ are matrices in $\mathrm{SL}(2, \mathbb{Z})$ whose product is the identity, and each is conjugate to the shear $$ \begin{pmatrix} 1 & 1 \\ 0 & 1\end{...
3
votes
0answers
86 views

Finding nearest Toeplitz matrix to a given matrix

For an arbitrary $N\times N$ Hermitian matrix $A$, I want to derive a Toeplitz matrix from $A$ such that the eigenvectors of both matrices have minimal change. Specifically I want find the Toeplitz ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Eigenvectors of symmetric positive semidefinite matrices as measurable functions

I'm currently interested in how discontinuous can get the eigenprojections of a continuous function taking values in a particular subspace of symmetric matrices. I've been searching everywhere for an ...
0
votes
2answers
59 views

Functions with scalar times orthogonal Jacobian [duplicate]

I am interested in understanding functions $f:\mathbb{R}^d \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^d $ whose Jacobian at every point $x \in \mathbb{R}^d$ is a scalar times an orthogonal matrix. I've seen a similar ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

I have a very large sparse matrix, 'A', in Ax = b. What work in advance of getting 'b' can be done to reduce solving time?

This question borders between a programming and math question (more math). I have a little matrix knowledge but this is past my ability, so any help is very much appreciated. Question I have a very ...