**4**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### Writing a complex orthogonal matrix as a conjugation by real orthogonal matrices

Let $Q\in O(n,\mathbb C)$ be a complex orthogonal matrix. I would like to know if $Q$ can always be written as $Q = T^{-1}ST$, where $T\in O(n,\mathbb R)\subset O(n,\mathbb C)$ and $S$ belongs to some ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

46 views

### Partial Constraint of Low Rank Matrix

Suppose $X \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times n}$ is a rank $r$ matrix. Let $\Omega$ be a generic subset of $\in \{1, \ldots, m\} \times \{1, \ldots, n\}$ of cardinality $r(m + n - r)$. Denote by $X_{\Omega}$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

23 views

### Computing covariance matrix from patchy data

Take a linear Gaussian model given by the following normal distributions:
$\mathcal{N}(z_n | z_{n-1}, A), \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \mathcal{N}(x_n | z_{n}, B) $
Let variable $z$ be a hidden variable and $x$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

72 views

### Does this permanent have a closed form?

What is the closed form of this permanent? (similar to the Cauchy determinant)
\begin{aligned}
f(z_1,z_2,\cdots,z_N,w_1,w_2,\cdots,w_N)=\left[
\small{\begin{matrix}
\frac{1}{(z_1-w_1)^2} && ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

232 views

### Generalized Cauchy-Binet sum over a fixed subset of indices

I originally posted this on math.stackexchange, but it quickly got buried. I removed it not too long after, thinking of rewriting it for MO, but I didn’t have a chance to post it until now. Apologies ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Hankel matrix commuting with a Jacobi matrix

Assume the semi-infinite Hankel matrix $H$ with entries
$$H_{i,j}=\alpha_{i+j-1}, \quad i,j\geq1,$$
where $\alpha_{n}\in\mathbb{R}$, is given. It turns out that in some special situations a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

76 views

### MInors related problem [closed]

A matrix $A$ has $m$ rows and $n$ colums, such that $m \leq n$. We know that each row of $A$ has the norm $1$ (the norm of an element $x=(x_1,x_2,...,x_n) \in \mathbb{R}^n$ is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### If matrices describe simplices, what do matrix operations describe?

Suppose we are given a $d \times d$ matrix $M$ with rows $m_1, \dots, m_d$.
This matrix describes a simplex, namely the convex closure of the origin with the vectors $m_1, \dots, m_d$.
Now, scaling ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

214 views

### Why is the spectrum of this matrix product invariant with respect to order of the multiplicants?

I've been chewing on the following problem for some time and I just don't have any more ideas how to tackle it. I have matrices $A_1,...,A_k \in \mathbb R^{n\times n}$ and I'm observing that the ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

261 views

### Hlawka inequality for determinants of positive definite matrices

It is mentioned here that if $A, B, C\in M_{n}(\mathbb C)$ are positive semidefinite, then $$\det (A+B+C)+\det C\ge \det (A+C)+\det (B+C)$$ (quoted from this article) and the special case ($C=\bf 0$) ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

174 views

### Eigenvalues of this matrix

I have a linear map that is defined by $$T:\text{lin}(1,...,x^m) \rightarrow \text{lin}(1,...,x^m) \text{ with}$$ $$x^k \mapsto 2w(k-m)x^{k+1}+(k^2-k-w^2)x^k-2kwx^{k-1}+(k-k^2)x^{k-2}$$
Let me give a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

53 views

### a generalization of the annihilator of cokernel ideal

Let $R$ be a (commutative, associative, unital) ring, consider a homomorphism of some (finitely generated) free $R$-modules $F\stackrel{A}{\rightarrow}G$. Its basic invariants are the Fitting ideals, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

126 views

### Handelman's positivstellensatz for symmetric matrix-valued polynomials

For certain classes of sets $S \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$, there exist algebraic characterizations of real valued polynomials $p: \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ that are positive on $S$.
Several ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

93 views

### Action of rotation group on Matrices [closed]

Is the following assertion true?
Suppose $p, q \geq 3$. Consider the action of $SO(p,\mathbb{R})$ on $p \times q$ matrices by left multiplication. I want to show that $MA = A$, where $M \in ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

505 views

### What is known about the distribution of eigenvectors of random matrices?

Let $A$ be a real asymmetric $n \times n$ matrix with i.i.d. random, zero-mean elements. What results, if any, are there for the eigenvectors of $A$? In particular:
How are individual eigenvectors ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

228 views

### Eigenvalues of product of diagonal positive matrix and symmetric matrix [closed]

Assume that we have two real symmetric matrices A and B, where A is a positive diagonal matrix, and B is a symmetric matrix with one eigenvalue λ = 0. Assume that H= AB;
is it possible to proof that ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

658 views

### A class of matrix determinants between Wronskians and Vandermondes

Update: see below
Let $M$ be an $n\times n$ matrix that's constructed as follows. Construct the right-most column of $M$ as $[\alpha_1(x_1),\cdots,\alpha_n(x_n)]^T$ for some class of fixed functions ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Another kind of the positivity of matrices

For given $n$, the following $n\times n$ complex matrix $M=M^{\dagger}$ is called positive, if
$x^{\dagger}M x\geq 0$
holds for all complex vector $x=(z,z^2,\cdots,z^n)^T$ with arbitrary complex ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### Symmetric Zero-Diagonal Matrices

Consider matrices with entries in a field $F$ of characteristic $2$. Let $\Omega$ denote the $2n\times2n$ matrix $\left[\begin{array}{ll}0&1_n\\1_n&0\end{array}\right]$. Then $X^t\Omega X$ is ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

403 views

### Are bounds known for the maximum determinant of a (0,1)-matrix of specified size and with a specifed number of 1s?

The problems of determining the maximum determinant of an $n \times n$ $(0,1)$-matrix and the spectral problem of determining exactly which other determinants can possibly occur are both reasonably ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### Multiplicative Symmetrization of Bilinear Forms

Let $F$ be a field of characteristic $2$, let $V$ be an even dimensional $F$-vector space, let $B$ be a non-degenerate symplectic bilinear form on $V$ and let $^*$ be the adjoint of $B$ on ${\rm ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

172 views

### Bounds on the effect of a matrix product on the Frobenius norm

I was wondering if there was a way to put upper and lower bounds on the Frobenius norm of a matrix product in relation to the Frobenios norm of one of the individual matrices, i.e,
...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

249 views

### Determinant inequality involving Hermitian, positive definite matrices

Question:
Let $A,B,C\in M_{n}(C)$ be Hermitian and positive definite matrices such that:$$A+B+C=I_{n}$$
Show that:
$$\det\left(6(A^3+B^3+C^3)+I_{n}\right)\ge 5^n\det(A^2+B^2+C^2)$$
This question ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### $\epsilon$-covering number of a set of rank-2 matrices

Suppose that two unit-norm vectors $\boldsymbol{a}\in \mathbb{R}^m$ and $\boldsymbol{b}\in\mathbb{R}^n$ are given with $m\leq n$. Furthermore, let $\boldsymbol{F}_{m,n}$ denote the first $m$ rows of ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

296 views

### Proof for a Rank-One Decomposition Theorem of Positive (semi) Definite Matrices

Consider the following result which I recently came across in a research paper in my area (Signal Processing)
Let $X$ be a $N\times N$ positive semidefinite (psd) matrix whose rank
is $r$. Let ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

258 views

### Largest eigenvalue of the sum of hermitian matricies [closed]

Is there an expression for the largest eigenvalue of the sum of two hermitian matricies in terms of the spectrum of the same matricies?

**5**

votes

**0**answers

142 views

### Strong convexity of the trace of the square root of a matrix function

Any clues about how to prove that the following function is strongly-concave in $x$? (We conjecture it is $2$-strongly concave but cannot prove it. We have already proved strict concavity through ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

317 views

### Do compact groups acting irreducibly have finite subgroups which do the same?

Let $G$ be a closed subgroup of $U(n,{\bf C})$, not necessarily connected. Regard ${\bf C}^n$ as a complex $G$-module $M$.
Q. Suppose $M$ is irreducible as a $G$-module (equivalent, I think, to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

49 views

### “embedding” various matrix equivalences into the equivalence of particular linear map

Consider the square matrices over a (local) ring $R$, up to conjugation, $A\rightarrow UAU^{-1}$, where $U$ is an invertible matrix over $R$. Such an equivalence embeds into the "left-right" ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### How can I prove that the negative biased triangular kernel is positive semidefinite

How can I prove that the following triangular kernel function defined in $[0, 1] \subset R^1$
$k(x, x') = (1 - 2|x-x'|)$
is a positive semidefinite function?
It turns out to be psd function when ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Bounding multiplications of PSD random matrices

Consider the following setup,
$(X, \hat{X}, Y, \hat{Y})$ are four $n \times n$ real, symmetric, full-rank, positive-definite matrices with entries between zero and one and operator norm $O(n)$.
The ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Smith Normal Form for block matrix

are there any known results on the smith normal form for block matrices over the integers?
In particular I am interested in matrices of size (kr)x(ks) made of square blocks of size k such that each ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

87 views

### The convergence of Matrix factorization

I'm trying to prove the convergence of Matrix factorization.
The problem is described below.
$|X-WH|^2 + |H|_2^2 +|W|_2^2$.
My optimization steps are using Alternating least squares which update H ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

240 views

### Gaussian expectation of an exponentiated outer product

Given a normal random column vector $\mathbf{x} \sim N(\mu, \Sigma)$, I need the expectation,
$$ E\left[ \exp(\mathbf{xx}^\top)\right]$$
where $\exp(\cdot)$ is element-wise exponential function (not ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Dimension of a similarity class

Let $K$ be an algebraically closed field with characteristic $0$. I consider the Jordan decomposition of a NILPOTENT matrix: $A=diag(J_{r_1},\cdots,J_{r_s})\in M_n(K)$ where $J_k$ is the nilpotent ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

137 views

### Asymptotic property of a quadratic form

suppose $x=\Delta$, $y=M \Phi \Delta$, where $\Delta\in N\times 1$, $M^T=M \in N \times N$ and $\Phi^T=\Phi \in N \times N$. Define $Z=xy^T+yx^T$. It is known from my previous question that $Z$ has ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

325 views

### On increasing the penalty term in convex optimization with regularization

Given the two strictly convex (unique solution) optimization problems as:
$$Problem\:1:\min_{X} f(X)+\|X\|_{F}^2 \hspace{2cm}Problem \:2:\min_{X}f(X)+n\|X\|_2^2$$
where $X\in\mathbf{S}_{++}^{n}$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

472 views

### An inequality involving traces and matrix inversions

The following question kept me wondering for some time:
Given the symmetric matrices $A,B,C\in\mathbb{R}^{n×n}$ where $A$ and $C$ are positive definite (hence invertible), and $B$ is positive ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

125 views

### Norm of the upper triangular part of symmetric matrix

Let $D\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ denote a lower triangular matrix. With $\|\cdot\|$ denoting the spectral matrix norm, is there an estimate like
$$
\|D\| \leq C\|D+D^T\|,
$$
where $C>0$ is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

149 views

### Alike looking matrices imply convergence of eigenvalues?

This is a question about convergence of eigenvalues which essentially came up in studying the spectrum of St.-Liouville operators.
We want to look at matrices that agree in most of their entries and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

101 views

### On the solution of a generalized Lyapunov equation

We shall reconsider the following equation
$$X=F_{1}XF_{1}^{T}+...+F_{p}XF_{p}^{T}+C$$
where $p$ is a positive integer and $C$ is a known symmetric positive semidefinite matrix.
I met with this ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### largest eigenvalue of a symmetric matrix

I have a matrix of the form:
$X=\Delta \Delta^T (\Phi+\Phi^T) P + P (\Phi+\Phi^T) \Delta \Delta^T $,
where $\Delta$ is $N\times 1$ real, $P=P^T$. I know that such matrix is rank two, but after doing ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

465 views

### Die hard nilpotent spaces

Let $V\subset\mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$ be a linear space consisting of $n\times n$ complex matrices. Say that $V$ is nilpotent if every matrix $v\in V$ is nilpotent; denote by $V^k$ the subspace spanned ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

215 views

### Factor a sum of products of cofactors

Let $M$ be any $n\times n$ matrix.
We define the usual cofactors: $C_{i,j}$ is $(-1)^{i+j}$ times the determinant of the submatrix obtained by deleting row $i$ and column $j$ of $M$.
We can write ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### Origins of the Jacobi matrix

I have several questions concerning history of Jacobi matrices.
Does anybody know why the Jacobi matrix (=symmetric tridiagonal matrix) is named by Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi? What was his contribution ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### Reducing $\ell_1$ norm of non-full-rank matrices

I have two matrices ${\bf{X}}_{p\times r}$ and ${\bf{Y}}_{r\times q}$ with $r<\min(p,q)$. Matrix ${\bf Y}$ does not have full row rank (i.e., rank$({\bf Y})<r$). Can I build two new matrices ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

352 views

### Why does this antisymmetric product factor out a determinant?

Consider a generic $n \times n$ matrix $M$.
Define the $(n-1) \times n$ matrix $M_q$ to be $M$ with the $q$th row omitted, and assume that $M_q$ possesses a right inverse, $R_q$:
$$R_q = M_q^T (M_q ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

173 views

### Norm of triangular truncation operator on rank deficient matrices

Let $T_{n\times n}$ be a triangular truncation matrix, i.e.
$$T_{i,j}=\begin{cases}1 & i\ge j\\ 0 & i<j \end{cases}$$
It is known that for arbitrary $A_{n\times n}$
$$\|T\circ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### How do eigenvalues change if we duplicate a row and column of a symmetric matrix

Let ${\bf A}$ be a size $n \times n$ symmetric positive semidefinite matrix with the first column being ${\bf a}_1$. If we define a new matrix,
\begin{align}
{\bf B} = \left[\begin{array}{cc} a_{11} ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

166 views

### Proximal operator of modified L1 matrix norm

In literature proximal operator $prox_{\lambda f} : R^n \rightarrow R^n$ of $f$ is defined as:
$prox_{\lambda f}(V) = argmin(X) (f(X) + (1/2 \lambda)||X-V||^2_2)$
Consider now $g(X) = ...