Questions where the notion matrix has an important or crucial role (for the latter, note the tag matrix-theory for potential use). Matrices appear in various parts of mathematics, and this tag is typically combined with other tags to make the general subject clear, such as an appropriate top-level ...

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17 views

How can I filter the effects of a variable from a correlation matrix?

I have a correlation matrix (it contains 500 columns and 500 rows) and I would like to make an other correlation matrix in which one variable (and its influences) is filtered from the initial matrix. ...
1
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1answer
79 views

Multiplicatively closed subsets of $\mathbb{C}^{n \times n}$

While dealing with another problem I saw that I need to classify subspaces $V$ of $\mathbb{C}^{n \times n}$ that are multiplicatively closed. So to get an idea of the nature of the subspaces I ...
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1answer
115 views

Standard rational functions from matrices

In linear algebra we get introduced to standard polynomials that are associated to matrices such as characteristic polynomials and determinants. What are some of the standard rational functions that ...
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1answer
106 views

Number of turning points on a nondecreasing $n^2 \times n^2$ matrix

Given a integer value $n$, we generate a $n^2 \times n^2$ integer matrix $M$ in the following way. Each ceil has value range $[1~n]$ In each row, the value is nondecreasing. E.g. $M[i, j] \leq M[i, ...
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0answers
55 views

Decomposing a matrix into the tensor product of a permutation and orthogonal matrix

Suppose I have a square matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}^{mn \times mn}$. I want to find $$\arg \min_{P, Q} \|A - P \otimes Q\|_F$$ where $P$ is an $m \times m$ permutation matrix and $Q$ is an $n \times ...
7
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2answers
294 views

Covering the zeros of 0/1 matrix with submatrices

The matrices I am dealing with are $n\times n$ of the following type (with $n=7$): $M_7=\begin{pmatrix}1&0&0&0&0&0&1 \\ 1&1&0&0&0&0&0 \\ ...
3
votes
1answer
169 views

On a determinantal equality

In my study, I come across the following curious equality, which I do not know a proof yet (so I am asking it here). Let $k$, $l\in \Bbb Z$ be fixed, $m$ --- the size of the below matrix $M$ --- is ...
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0answers
72 views

A question on Perron–Frobenius theorem [closed]

Let $A \in M_n$ is nonnegative(all $a_{ij}\ge0$). Suppose $A$ has a nonnegative eigenvector(all entries$\ge0$ ) with $r ≥ 1$ positive entries and $n − r$ zero entries. Why is there a permutation ...
4
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1answer
66 views

Robust generalization of matrix rank

I am looking for robust generalizations of matrix rank. Think of the the following problem: A big matrix of low rank is perturbed by random noise, such that it becomes a full-rank matrix. Is there a ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Heuristics for counting degrees of freedom

I have recently learned about the representation theorem for isotropic, linear operators, which says the following: Defintion: Let $M_n$ be the vector space of $n \times n$ real matrices. We say a ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

What is the best algorithm for even rank magic square?

Magic square is a $n*n$ matrix with numbers of $1,2,...,n^2$ and has the property that sum of any row and any column and sum of main diameter and adjunct diameter is identical. There exists a very ...
5
votes
2answers
377 views

Does the antidiagonal in this square matrix always contain a prime?

Does the antidiagonal in the square matrix with entries $1,2,\ldots,n^2$ row by row in that order always contain a prime? For example: For n=2: $\begin{bmatrix}1 & 2\\3 & 4\end{bmatrix}$ ...
3
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1answer
83 views

Similarity transformation of transition matrix of reversible Markov chain (reference request)

If $P$ is the transition matrix of a reversible Markov chain, and $\pi$ is its stationary distribution, and let $R$ be defined by: $$R_{ij} = \sqrt{\frac{\pi_i}{\pi_j}}P_{ij}~.$$ By reversibility, ...
0
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0answers
244 views

When does this matrix have full rank?

Suppose $\mathbf{B}\in\left[0,1\right]^{T\times M}$ is a binary matrix, $\mathbf{B}_{i}$ is a column of $\mathbf{B}$, and $\mathbf{X}\in\mathbb{R}^{N\times T}$ is a matrix where the columns are ...
0
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2answers
81 views

Simultaneous special orthogonal similarity problem

Given matrices $A,B,C,D\in\Bbb K^{n\times n}$ where $\Bbb K$ is a ring is there an efficient technique to compute set $O$ with $OO'=I$ where $'$ is transpose and $\mathsf{Det}(O)=\pm1$ such that ...
0
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1answer
38 views

Making a real matrix positive definite by replacing nonzero and nondiagonal entries with arbitrary nonzero reals

Let $A$ be real square matrix. Let $\mathcal{F}(A)$ be the set of real matrices $A'$ of the same size such that $A'_{ii}=A_{ii}$ for all $i$, and for all $i,j$, $A_{ij}=0\Rightarrow A'_{ij}=0 \land ...
5
votes
1answer
206 views

A partition of the set of all $n\times n\ (0,1)$-matrices

Let $S_n$ be the set of all the $n\times n\ (0,1)$-matrices and divide $S_n$ into two sets as follows: $A_n=\{M\in S_n:$ there exist a row and a column of $M$ such that the sum of the row is equal to ...
0
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0answers
97 views

A linear combination problem

Given $0/1$ $n\times n$ matrix $M$. Suppose we have $2$ vectors $\lambda,\mu\in\Bbb R^{1\times n}$ such that both $$\lambda M\in\{0,1\}^{1\times n}$$ $$M\mu'\in\{0,1\}^{n\times 1}$$ holds with $'$ ...
5
votes
0answers
103 views

When is a Hermitian matrix of the form $g^*g$ for some matrix $g$

I tried asking this question on Math StackExchange and didn't get any replies. I was hoping that maybe someone here could help, sorry for duplicating. I'm trying to figure out some properties of ...
2
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1answer
87 views

Eigenvalues of product of symplectic matrices

I have 2 symplectic matrices $X_{1},X_{2} \in \mathbb{R}^{2n\times2n}$. The matrix $X=X_{1} \cdot X_{2}$ is also symplectic. Question: Are there any theorems which allow me to express eigenvalues of ...
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0answers
32 views

Most accurate separation of tensor product of matrices

Given a matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}^{n^m \times n^m}$, how I can find a set of $m$ matrices $\{B_i\}$ such that $$\arg \min_{\{B_i\, \in\, \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}\}} \|A - B_1 \otimes \ldots \otimes ...
4
votes
2answers
268 views

Is it always possible to “separate” the eigenvalues of an integer matrix?

Call a square matrix Galois-irreducible if all its eigenvalues are Galois conjugates of each other. Let $M$ be an integer $n\times n$ matrix which is not Galois-irreducible. Is it always ...
4
votes
3answers
149 views

Fast Upper Triangular Matrix Exponentiation

Let $Q_n$ be a $n\times n$ matrix with $Q_n=\begin{pmatrix} -\lambda_1-\mu_1 & \lambda_1 & 0 & \cdots\\ 0 & -\lambda_2-\mu_2 & \lambda_2 & \cdots\\ \vdots & \vdots & ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Approximate $\mathbf{G}=(a\mathbf{H}+\mathbf{M})^+$ by Taylor expansion [closed]

Suppose we have a complex matrix $\mathbf{M}$. Let $\mathbf{M}^+=(\mathbf{M}^*\mathbf{M})^{-1}\mathbf{M}^*$ be the pseudo-inverse of $\mathbf{M}$, where $^*$ denotes the conjugate transpose. Let ...
0
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1answer
82 views

A particular Lie algebra $L_{n}$ and (various) lie groups whose Lie algebra is isomorphic to $L_{n}$

We define $$L_{n}=\{A=(a_{ij})\in M_{n}(\mathbb{R})\mid \sum_{i=1}^{n} a_{ij}=0 \;\;\;\text{for every fixed j}\}$$ This is a Lie subalgebra of $M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$. A dynamic-geometric proof for ...
6
votes
1answer
64 views

Least-squares solution of systems of Sylvester equations

The Sylvester equation $AX+XB=C$ has been studied quite a lot and there are known algorithms for solving it. But has the situation where (an over-determined) system of equations $A_{i}X+XB_{i}=C_{i}$ ...
1
vote
1answer
180 views

On Knot Equivalence problem statement

How is the knot equivalence problem represented? By this I mean I am looking for an analogy that compares with graph equivalence. For graph equivalence, we have two graphs $G_1$ and $G_2$ with ...
4
votes
0answers
168 views

Existence or construction of a sequence of orthogonal matrices with three properties

This is a problem that I encountered during my research, and I have spent a good amount of time on it without success. So I am reaching out for help .... Any pointers or suggestions are appreicated! ...
5
votes
1answer
146 views

Sum of the absolute eigenvalues of A>=B

Kindly help me to prove/disprove the following statement. Let $A$ be a symmetric matrix of order $n \times n$ with all the diagonal entry equal to $0$, and other non-diagonal entry equal to $k$ ...
3
votes
3answers
138 views

Can a block matrix with at least 3 zero blocks of different size on the diagonal and 1's everywhere else have only integer eigenvalues?

Let $M=\begin{pmatrix} \begin{array}{cccccccc} 0 & 0 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 &1\\ 0 & 0 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 &1\\ 1 & 1 & 0 & 0 & ...
4
votes
2answers
156 views

Non-asympototic version of Gelfand's formula

Let $A$ be a $n\times n$ matrix. Let $\|A\|$ be the spectral norm of $A$, and $\rho(A)$ be the spectral radius. I am wondering whether the following statement is true. There exists universal ...
6
votes
2answers
359 views

Parametrization of positive semidefinite matrices

We know that a real, symmetric, positive definite matrix $A$ of size $n\times n$ can be parametrized by a vector $\theta$ of $\frac{n(n+1)}{2}$ parameters thanks to the Cholesky decomposition: $$ A = ...
0
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0answers
81 views

Is there a metric defined on the product space of orthogonal groups?

If one considers just the orthogonal group, then there is a natural metric given by [1]: $$\begin{align} \theta & =\frac{1}{2} \| \log(R_1^{-1}R_2) \| \\ & = \frac{1}{2} \| ...
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votes
1answer
87 views

Simple bimodule over matrix ring [closed]

Let given not trivial simple $R$- $R$ bimodule $M$, where $R$ - $n\times n$ matrix algebra over field $\mathbf{F}$. Is it true that $M$ is uniquely defined?
3
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1answer
101 views

Uniqueness of the reduced rank QR decomposition

Let $A$ be a $n\times n$ matrix that is a real, symmetric, positive semidefinite and has rank $r$. I read about the rank reduced $QR$ decomposition (here for example) as the QR variant where $A=QR$ ...
12
votes
2answers
325 views

Factorization of a matrix as a product of a symmetric and a skew-symmetric matrix

When can an $n\times n$ matrix $M$ be written as a product $M=AB$, where $A^T=A$ and $B^T=-B$? For example, a necessary condition is that the trace of $M$ vanishes. In this case, it is easy ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

When is $\left[\begin{smallmatrix} D_1 & B \\\\ -B^T & D_2 \end{smallmatrix} \right]$ $\mathbb{R}$-diagonalizable?

Is there some block-wise characterization of $\mathbb{R}$-diagonalizability (by similarities) of $$\begin{bmatrix} D_1 & B \\\\ -B^T & D_2 \end{bmatrix},$$ where $D_1$ and $D_2$ are real ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Reducing the degrees of freedom in unitary columns

Let $U = diag([U_1, U_2, ..., U_N])$ be a block-diagonal $NM \times NM$ unitary matrix, where each $U_j$ is a unitary $M \times M$ matrix. Furthermore, let $Q_e = kron(I_M, Q)$ be the Kronecker ...
7
votes
2answers
184 views

Computer Algebra Systems that support variable sized matrices

I'm familiar with sympy, the matlab symbolic package, reduce, and have tried out a few other computer algebra systems. However, as far as I can tell, none of them seem to be able to do algebra on ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

The action of $GL(\mathbb{R}^{n})\otimes GL(\mathbb{R}^{m})$ on $\mathbb{R}P^{(mn-1)}$

Motivated by the following RG question we ask a related question as follows: We identify $\mathbb{R}^{n} \otimes \mathbb{R}^{m}$ with $\mathbb{R}^{mn}$. We define $GL(\mathbb{R}^{n})\otimes ...
8
votes
0answers
88 views

Which ordering of factors is needed to obtain this kind of determinantal inequalities?

Let $A$ and $B$ be $n\times n$ Hermitian positive definite matrices. The curious determinantal inequality given here, which can be stated as $$\det (A^{4}+ ABBA+BAAB+B^{4})\ge\det(A^{4}+ ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Expected value of minimum rank of random matrices

I have $n$ random vectors ${\bf r}_i$ for $i=1,2,\dots,n$, each with dimension $1 \times m$, and $n$ random matrices ${\bf S}_i$ for $i=1,2,\dots,n$, each with dimension $M \times m$. The elements of ...
8
votes
2answers
186 views

generalizations of Vandermonde matrix to high dimensions

Let $x_1,x_2,\cdots,x_n\in\mathbb{R} $ or $\mathbb{C}$. By the non-degeneracy of Vandermonde matrix the maps $$ f: \mathbb{R}\longrightarrow\mathbb{R}^n,$$ $$ x\longmapsto ...
9
votes
1answer
256 views

The intuition behind the Hilbert projective metric and the Perron Frobenius Theorem

Recently I have read a proof of the Perron Frobenius Theorem for positive aperiodic matrices. In this proof, the trick is to put a metric in the "positive quadrant" of $\mathbb{R}^n$, ...
6
votes
1answer
151 views

Are the integer matrices in SO(3,2) “boundedly generated”?

Let $G$ be the subgroup of integer matrices in $\mathrm{SO}(3,2)$. (The invertible linear maps from a $5$ dimensional real vector space to itself which leave invariant a nondegenerate symmetric ...
9
votes
3answers
325 views

Integer matrix that does not belong to a free group of rank 2

I'm given two matrices in $SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$ $$ A = \left(\begin{array}{cc} 2 & 3\\ 3 & 5 \end{array}\right), \ \ B = \left(\begin{array}{cc} 5 & 3\\ 3 ...
7
votes
1answer
111 views

Efficient SVD of a matrix without some of the columns

I have a matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}^{p \times q}$ of rank $r$ and its SVD decomposition, i.e, $$ A = U S V^\top, $$ where $U \in \mathbb{R}^{p \times r}$ and $V \in \mathbb{R}^{q \times r}$ are ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

Lower bound on the value $\textbf{1}^Tx$ such as $Ax\geq b$

The problem may be formulated as follows: We are given a set of $m$ positive numbers $\{b_1,...,b_m\}$ and a set of $n$ positive numbers $\{v_1,...,v_n\}$. We have $v_j\leq K$, $j=1,...,n$, for a ...
17
votes
1answer
438 views

Almost commuting unitary matrices

Suppose that $A_1,\dots, A_k$ are unitary matrices such that any two of them can be approximated by commuting unitary matrices. i.e. for any $i$ and $j$, there are unitary matrices $A_i'$ and $A_j'$ ...
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votes
1answer
43 views

finding a unitary submatrix inside a random matrix

Let $\mathbf{R} \in \mathbb{C}^{~m \times n} $ with $m \leq n $ be a random matrix, whose entries are i.i.d zero mean random variables with circularly symmetric Normal distribution. Let where $r$ be ...