Questions where the notion matrix has an important or crucial role (for the latter, note the tag matrix-theory for potential use). Matrices appear in various parts of mathematics, and this tag is typically combined with other tags to make the general subject clear, such as an appropriate top-level ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

3
votes
1answer
253 views

Number of Matrices with bounded determinant

Here's my question: Let $k,B,C$ be positive integers such that $B<C$. Can you give an upper bound for the number of $k\times k$ integer matrices having entries bounded in modulus by $B$ having ...
0
votes
2answers
135 views

Uniqueness of solution of a nonconvex optimization problem

What conditions need to be hold for a nonconvex optimization problem to have a unique solution? Specifically, I have the following minimization problem that I'd like to know whether it has a unique ...
4
votes
3answers
219 views

Is this function well studied?

Let $A_1,\dots,A_L$ be $N\times N$ hermitian matrices. Define the simplex \begin{align} \mathcal{S}=\left\{[x_1,\dots,x_L]\mid x_i\geq 0,~\sum_{i=1}^{L}x_i=1 \right\} \end{align} and consider the ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Invexity of the $L_2$ norm

I have the following function: $ f({\bf A,b}) = \| {\bf y - XAb} \|_2^2$ where ${\bf y}_{n \times 1}$ and ${\bf X}_{n \times p}$ are fixed, and ${\bf A}_{p \times r}$ and ${\bf b}_{r,1}$ are the ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Solution of a nonlinear system of two equations

Given the matrix $A_{M,N}$ with $N\gt M$, the vector $y$, I have to find the vectors $x$ and $u$, satisfying the following equations: $$D(x)x=A^Tu$$ $$y=Ax$$ where: $$D(x) = \left| \begin{array}{ccc} ...
0
votes
2answers
144 views

Convexity of the Frobenius norm of the product of two matrices

I have the following function for two matrices ${\bf A}$ and ${\bf B}$: $f({\bf A}, {\bf B}) = \| {\bf Y - XAB} \|_F^2 = trace\{({\bf Y - XAB)}^T({\bf Y - XAB)}\}$ where matrices ${\bf X}_{n \times ...
1
vote
1answer
194 views

Solving a matrix equation $X=c \cdot AXA' +I$ with a diagonal corrections

I am now struggling to solve the matrix $X \in R^{n \times n}$ in the following equation: $X=c \cdot AXA' - diag(c \cdot AXA')+ I$, where (1) $A \in R^{n \times n}$ is a given matrix whose element ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Comparison of the smallest eigenvalues of two tridiagonal matrices

Let $n\geq2$ be an integer and $E_{ii}$ for an integer $2\leq i\leq n$ be the $n\times n$-matrix with its $ii$-entry equal to 1 and remaining entries equal zero. Furthermore, let ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Solution of infinite dimension linear system

Suppose that ${a_n}$ and $b_n$ is decreasing sequence such that $a_0=A$, $lim_{n->\infty}a_n=0$ and $b_0=B$, $lim_{n->\infty}b_n=0$. For fix n, we can construct n dimension linear equation ...
10
votes
1answer
289 views

LU factorization for $I+A$ (A skew-symmetric)

The matrix $M=I+A\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$, where $I$ is the identity and $A=-A^T$ is skew-symmetric satisfies $$ Mx\cdot x = \|x\|^2 \quad\text{for all }x\in\mathbb{R}^n. $$ Therefore, $M=LU$ has ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

the 3th and 4th order statistics of Circularly Symmetric Complex Normal random vector?

Assume that ${\bf{z}} \in {\mathbb{C}}^{n \times 1}$ is a CSCG random vector denoted with $\mathcal{C} ~ (\bf{\mu} _0,\bf \Sigma _0)$ where $\mu _0$ and $\bf \Sigma _0$ are mean and contrivance ...
1
vote
1answer
225 views

Generalising the cyclic property of the trace of a matrix

Are their other functions of a complex square matrix, not trivially related to trace, which also posses the cyclic property? Furthermore, do all such functions $f(A)$ depend only on the spectrum of ...
15
votes
1answer
294 views

A possible extension of a determinant inequality

It is well known that if $A, B$ are positive semidefinite matrices, then $$\det (A+B)\ge \det A+\det B.$$ I am considering a possible extension of this result. Let $\mathbb{M}_m(\mathbb{M}_n)$ ...
1
vote
1answer
296 views

Under what conditions there is a one-to-one mapping between a product of matrices and the sequence of matrices leading to the product?

I have a set of matrices $A_1,\ldots,A_n$. Let $\mathcal{A} = \{A_i\}$. What are some simple conditions under which for any sequence of indices between $1$ and $n$, $a_1,\ldots,a_m$, the product ...
0
votes
1answer
160 views

Positive Semidefinite matrix [closed]

Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ symmetrix matrix, if $\forall i$, $a_{ii}\geq |a_{ij}|,\forall j$ satisfies, can we say that $A$ is a positive semidefinite matrix? I tried to find a counter example, but ...
0
votes
0answers
102 views

Reduction from permanent to $(0,1)$-permanent and implication of $P \ne NP$

Valiant shows reduction from counting the solutions of CNF formula $F$,$\#SAT(F)$ to computing permanent where $ Perm(A)= 4^{t(F)}\cdot \#SAT(F)$ for certain efficiently computable $t(F)$ and matrix ...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

An extension of the Golden Thompson inequality

For three symmetric positive-semidefinite matrices $A,B,C$ I am trying to figure out if the following inequality holds, at least in some cases: $$tr(Ae^{B+C})≤tr(Ae^Be^C)$$ Note that if $A=I$ then ...
7
votes
1answer
209 views

On an inequality among determinants

For Hermitian matrices $X, Y$, I write $X\ge Y\ge 0$ to mean $X-Y$ and $Y$ are positive semidefinite. In Lemma 2.5 of [Linear Algebra Appl. 452 (2014) 1-6] I proved that if $X + Y\ge W + Z$, $X\ge ...
3
votes
1answer
155 views

Switching representatives of right coset in a paper on fundamental domain of tree of GL(2)

I have a question concerning the following paper: "The fundamental domain of the tree of GL(2) over the function field of an elliptic curve" by Shuzo Takahashi. (1993, Duke Math. J., Vol. 72, No. 1). ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Prime Hadamard Matrices

Assume that $n$ is a sufficiently large number. Is there a Hadamaed matrix $H_{4n \times 4n}=(h_{ij})$ with the last row and the last cloumn $J$ (thet is, for every $k$, $h_{k,4n}=1$ and $h_{4n, ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Space of matrices B for which there is a solution to Bx=c for a given c

Let $F$ be a field, $k$ and $m$ natural numbers with $k \leq m$, and $c \in F^m$. Is there some name for the set $\mathcal{B}_c = \{ B \in F^{m \times k}\, | \,\, \exists x \in F^k $s.t. $ Bx = c\}$ ...
3
votes
0answers
68 views

the annihilator of cokernel in a particular case

Let $A\in Mat(m,n;R)$ for $m\le n$ and $R$ a local ring. Consider the $mn\times(m^2+n^2)$ matrix $A\otimes 1_{nn}\oplus 1_{mm}\otimes A^T$, here $1_{mm}$, $1_{nn}$ are identity matrices. I'd like to ...
1
vote
1answer
231 views

Diagonalization of 4th order tensors

I have been wondering about the following problem... Let $n$ be a positive integer and denote by $M_n^s$ the space of symmetric $n\times n$ real matrices. Now, we look at the space $\mathcal ...
5
votes
0answers
511 views

A stronger Cauchy-Schwarz inequality for traces of compression matrices

Assume that $A$ and $B$ are contractions, so $I-AA^T$ and $I-BB^T$ are positive-definite matrices. Let $C=(I-AB^T)^{-1}(I-AA^{T})(I-BA^{T})^{-1}$, and show that: ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Reference request for: inverse of a non-singular M-matrix has all elements non-negative?

Does anyone know the best (earliest?) reference please for the proof that the inverse of a non-singular M-matrix has all elements non-negative?
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Nonlinear matrix equation (transpose) [duplicate]

Let $H$, $M$ and $N$ be 10 by 10 matrices over the integers. If $M$ and $N$ are known, how do you solve for $H$ from the following equation? $M = H N H^T$ where $H^T$ is the transpose of H.
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Approximation with a rank-$1$ matrix

Given a matrix $A$ (generally speaking, complex and non-square), I want to find an identically-sized matrix $D$ with ${\rm rk} D\le 1$ to minimize the induced operator norm $\|A-D\|_2$. From the ...
5
votes
7answers
534 views

Source for roots of matrix polynomials?

A matrix polynomial is a polynomial whose variables are square $n \times n$ matrices, let's say with entries in $\mathbb{C}$, and with coefficients in $\mathbb{C}$. I am seeking a source of results on ...
3
votes
0answers
131 views

Method to Generate Random Mutually Orthogonal Unitary Matrices

The title says it all, I'd like to know if such a method exists to generate random mutually orthogonal unitary matrices. If so, any supplementary references would be very much obliged. Thanks again!
8
votes
1answer
134 views

A variant of Cholesky decomposition involving binary matrices

Studying a problem that is not directly related to linear algebra I came across the following problem. Let $B$ be $n \times n$ symmetric matrix whose entries are non-negative integers. I would like ...
2
votes
0answers
181 views

Cavalieri's principle and inversion of the Vandermonde matrix

There are many examples on the Web of the use of Cavalieri's principle in determining areas and volumes of 2-D and 3-D geometrical figures. The Wikipedia link uses the principle as both a proof and ...
9
votes
4answers
798 views

Elements of finite order of $\mathrm{PGL}(n,\mathbb{Q})$

For some research work, I need to know the classification of elements of finite order of $\mathrm{PGL}(n,\mathbb{Q})$, up to conjugation. Since I essentially need $n\le 4$, I think that I can show it ...
4
votes
1answer
144 views

Rank 1 Approximation of Elementwise Inverse Matrix

I'm wondering whether there is a good way to solve the following optimisation problem. Given a strictly positive quadratic matrix $A$, find two diagonal matrices $D_1$ and $D_2$ so that $$ \| D_1 A ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

dimensions of strata of Pfaffian varieties

Let $V$ a complex vector space of dimension $2n$. Let us consider $W=\wedge^2V$ and the Pfaffian variety $Pf\subset \mathbb{P}W$ that parametrize degenerate skew-symmetric matrices. $Pf$ is naturally ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

represent hankel matrix by low rank tensorial approximation

suppose that we have given following matrix \begin{matrix} x_1 & x_2 & ..x_p \\ x_2 & x_3 & ...x_{p+1} \\ . & .& . & \\ x_{N-p+1} & x_{n-p+2} &... x_n ...
1
vote
1answer
211 views

Existence of a real eigenvalue

I have a matrix $M \in \mathbb{R}^{(n+1) \times (n+1)}$ that is tridiagonal. In numerical computations I found out that I always find a real eigenvalue. My question is: Is there a theorem that ...
0
votes
0answers
125 views

A matrix rank problem over finite fields: Is that a known problem?

I have already asked the same question on cstheory.SE, but I haven't got an acceptable answer. So, I decided to ask it here. It might be a known problem, however. Let $A \odot B$ denote elementwise ...
-1
votes
1answer
151 views

spectrum of a special class of tridiagonal matrices

Consider a real and symmetric tridiagonal matrix with zero diagonals and where subdiagonals and superdiagonals are equal to 1 except the (1,2)-th component being equal to $a$, i.e., ...
0
votes
1answer
103 views

Simultaneous triangularizability over a commutative ring

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with unity and $A,B\in M_n(R)$ satisfying the property (*) All elements of the two-side ideal, in $M_n(R)$, generated by $AB-BA$, are nilpotent. McCoy showed that, if ...
4
votes
2answers
219 views

is 1/max(i,j) a bounded matrix on hilbert spaces?

I would like to know if the infinite matrix $[\frac{1}{\max(i,j)}]_{i,j\geq 1}$ represents a bounded operator on $\ell^2(\mathbb{N}^\star)$. It would be sufficient to know if the Lehmer matrix ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Maximising a Rayleigh quotient over a subspace II

Let $M$ be an SPD matrix and let $\Pi=QQ^T$ be the orthogonal projection onto the range of $Q$ (a "tall" matrix with orthonormal columns). I have an expression in the form $$\tag{1} ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Maximising a Rayleigh quotient over a subspace

Let $M\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be symmetric positive definite and consider a matrix $Q\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times m}$ ($m<n$) with orthonormal columns ($Q^TQ=I$). I'm interested in finding an exact ...
4
votes
1answer
176 views

Vector Spaces of Symmetric Matrices of Low Rank

Let $K$ be a field, if necessary algebraic closed or of characteristic zero. Let $k$ be a positive integer. I am interested in linear subspaces $M \subseteq \textrm{Sym}_n(K)$, where ...
5
votes
1answer
275 views

Is the p-norm of a matrix strictly log-convex?

Let $A$ be a $n\times n$-matrix. We let $\|A\|_p$ denote the norm of $A$ when considered as a linear operator on $\ell^p(\{1,2,\ldots,n\})$, that is, $$ \|A\|_p = \sup_{x\neq ...
0
votes
1answer
132 views

Bounded domain matrix factorization

Assume we're trying to find $A\in [-1,1]^{n\times d}, B\in [-1,1]^{m\times d}$, from an observed matrix $C\in [-d,d]^{n\times m}$, where $C=AB^T$. The goal is to return $\widehat A, \widehat B$ such ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Spanning Hadamard product powers (Schur products) in Euclidean space

This is a question I asked last year over at stackexchange. Got no answer, it might be sufficiently non-trivial to justify bringing it into here. Fix two $k$-vectors $\mathbf u$ and $\mathbf v$, and ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Inverse of matrix of generalised harmonic numbers

For $s=0,1,\dots$ and $n=1,2,\dots$, denote $r_{n,s}=\sum_{k=1}^n k^s$. It is well-known that $r_{n,s}$ are polynomials in $n$ with leading term $\frac{1}{s+1}n^{s+1}$. Let $R_{n,s}$ be the ...
10
votes
1answer
284 views

doubly-stochastic isomorphisms of graphs

A doubly stochastic matrix that commutes with the adjacency matrix of a graph is a doubly-stochastic automorphism of that graph (definition by Tinhofer 1986). Each (classical) automorphism of a graph ...
6
votes
2answers
273 views

Does small Perron-Frobenius eigenvalue imply small entries for integral matrices?

Suppose that $M$ is an $n \times n$ matrix where each entry is a positive integer. Then $M$ is Perron-Frobenius and so has unique largest real eigenvalue $\lambda_{\textrm{PF}}$. Does an upper ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Bound on the 2-norm of a “special” matrix

Let $S\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be such that $\|S\|_2\leq 1$, $P\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times m}$, $m<n$, with orthogonal columns ($P^TP=I$) so that $PP^T$ and $I-PP^T$ are orthogonal projectors, and ...