# Tagged Questions

**19**

votes

**0**answers

578 views

### Real square roots of symmetric matrices

In joint work with Andreas Fischle (TU Dresden, Germany) and Patrizio Neff (U Essen, Germany) we needed to use the following statement: If $S$ is a real $n\times n$ matrix with $S^2$ symmetric, then ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

31 views

### Distribution of zeros and ones over matrix

I have the following problem:
Given a matrix with n rows and m columns. Some elements of the matrix are unavailable.
For each column, you have a set containing a number of zeros and ones which must ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### On a matrix algorithm involving rank-one projections

Let $\{v_i\}_{i=1}^N$ be a set of $n$-dimensional real vectors spanning $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $p\in [0,1]$ be a rational number and consider the iteration
\begin{equation}
X_{k+1}=\frac{1}{N}\sum_{i=1}^...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

82 views

### Add a multiple of $I$ to a matrix to minimize its operator norm

Given $A\in\mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$, what is $s_* = \arg\min \|A-sI\|$?
Here $\|A\|$ is the operator norm, $\|A\|=\rho(A^*A)^{1/2}$, and $I$ is the identity.
The corresponding problem for the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

169 views

### Hilbert series of the weight 0 sub-algebra of the algebra of functions on GL(N)

Let $A$ be the algebra of polynomials in $N^2$ variables $x^i_j$, $i,j=1,\dots,N$. It is $\mathbb{Z}^N$ graded, with $\text{weight}(x^i_j)=e_i-e_j$. Here $(e_1,\dots,e_n)$ is the standard basis of $\...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

83 views

### Spectral radius of the product of a right stochastic matrix and a block diagonal matrix

Let us define the following matrix:
$C=AB$
where $B$ is a block diagonal matrix with $N$ blocks, $B_1$, $B_2$ … $B_N$, each of dimensions $M \times M$. I know that $B_k = I_M - \mu R_k$ with $R_k$ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### Derivative of matrix logarithm w.r.t. real parameter

Let $A(t)$ be an invertible square matrix that depends (differentiably) on a real parameter $t$.
It is well known that for example
$$
\frac{d}{dt} A(t)^{-1}=-A(t)^{-1}\ \dot{A}(t)\ A(t)^{-1}
$$
and
$$
...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

200 views

### Is there a standard name for the following type of linear operator?

Is there a standard name for a linear operator $T$ on a finite dimensional vector space satisfying $T^n=T^{n+1}$ for some $n\geq 1$ or, equivalently, $T$ is a similar to a direct sum of a nilpotent ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

255 views

### A presentation for $GL(2,\mathbb{Z}/p^n \mathbb{Z})$

In 'A presentation of $PGL(2,p)$ with three defining relations' by E.F.Robertson and P.D.Williams, we can find a presentation of $PGL(2,p)$:
$\langle a,b | a^2 = b^p = (a b^2 a b^r)^2 = (abab^r)^3 = ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

91 views

### Roots of matrices in $G_2(Z)$

Let $G_2$ denote the exceptional Lie group $G_2$ as a $\mathbb{Q}$-algebraic group. Suppose that is also given a matrix representation $\rho : G_2\rightarrow SO(7)$. Let $M$ be a matrix with integral ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

758 views

### The saturation of Murray von Neumann relation

Edit: According to comment of Pace Nielsen, I remove question 2 of the previous version:
Let $R$ be a unital ring. We define Murray Von Neumann relation $M$ on $R$ as follows:
We say $a M b$ iff $...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

255 views

### Growth of an integer vector under the action of a matrix in $GL_n(\mathbb{Z})$

I have some questions regarding the dynamics of elements of $GL_n(\mathbb{Z})$ acting on $\mathbb{Z}^n$. In particular, given an invertible integer matrix $M \in GL_n(\mathbb{Z})$, and given an ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Lower bound on the sum of singular values for a sum of Hermitian matrices

Denote the eigenvalues of an $n\times n$ matrix $\mathbf{X}$ by $\lambda_i(\mathbf{X})$ and its singular values by $\sigma_i(\mathbf{X})$, $i=1,\ldots,n$. When $\mathbf{X}$ is Hermitian, we know that $...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### Lie Algebra of Aut(GL(n,R))

What is the Lie Algebra of $Aut(Gl(n,F))$ when $F$ is either $\mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{C}$?
Is it enough to consider the injection via Hochschild:
$Aut(GL(n)) \to Aut(\mathfrak{gl}(n))$?
Edit: The ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

100 views

### Boundary of pseudospectra

Suppose:
$B_i \in \mathbb{C}^{n \times n}$, $0<w_i\in \mathbb{R}$ $(i = 0,1,2,\ldots,m)$
${\rm P}(x) ={\rm{B}_m} x ^m + \cdots + B_1 x + B_0$ is a matrix polynomial, and $x $ is a complex ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Classifying Low Dimensional Solutions of the Yang--Baxter Equation

What is the present situation with classifying solutions of the Yang--Baxter equation in low dimensions?
To make my question more specific, have all solutions for dimension $2$ and $3$ been ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Weyl-type inequality for non-Hermitian matrices?

What is the weakest known condition under which a Weyl-type eigenvalue perturbation inequality holds? Does some analogue hold for normal matrices, for example?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Computing abelianizations of some explict finite subgroups of $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}/p^n \mathbb{Z})$

I have been attempting to find some abelianizations of some subgroups of $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}/p^n \mathbb{Z})$. I have been using brute force for the most part but I get very messy results. Here is an ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

60 views

### Uniqueness and invariance of the LDLT decomposition

A real symmetric positive semi-definite matrix $A$ can be decomposed in the form
$A = P^TLDL^TP$,
where $P$ is a permutation matrix, $L$ is a lower unit triangular matrix and $D$ is a diagonal ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### Eigenvectors of a perturbed reducible stochastic matrix

Let $Q$ be a $n\times n$ reducible stochastic matrix. Let $J$ be such that $[J]_{ij}={1 \over n}$. Now for a small positive constant $\alpha\in [0,1]$, consider the matrix $$\tilde{Q}\,=\,(1-\alpha)Q+\...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

197 views

### Relation between eigenvalues of $A$ and $A^TA$?

For an $n\times n$ diagonizable matrix $A$, is there a relation between the eigenvalues of $A$ and the eigenvalues of $A^TA$?
I ask this because I am looking into the relation between $A$ and $A+cI$, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### Similarity via symmetric matrix

Let $K$ be a field extension of $F$. If two $n\times n$ matrices $A,B \in M_n(F)$ are similar via a matrix $P \in GL_n(K)$ (that is, $A=PBP^{-1}$), then there exists a matrix $Q\in GL_n(F)$ such that $...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

427 views

### How to prove this determinant is positive-II?

Question: Given an arbitrary number of real matrices of the form $ A_i=
\biggl(\begin{matrix}
C_i+E_i & B_i \\
B_i^T & D_i-F_i
\end{matrix} \biggr)
$, where $B_i$ is an arbitrary $n\times n$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### Nuclear norm maximization

I am trying to solve a nuclear norm maximization problem:
$$\arg \max_{Q \in O(n)} \|WQV^T\|_*$$
where $Q$ is an $n \times n$ orthogonal matrix and $W$ and $V$ are real $d \times n$ matrices. I've ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Extracting a full rank matrix from a 0-1 matrix

If $A$ is a $n\!\times\!n$ $0$-$1$ matrix of rank $k<n$. If ever possible, what would be an efficient way of extracting a full rank $k\!\times\!k$ sub-matrix of $A$ by removing columns and rows of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### Existence of $SO(n)$-isotropic inner products which are not $O(n)$-isotropic

$\newcommand{\al}{\alpha}$
Let $M_n$ be the space of $n \times n$ real matrices.
Question:
For which $n$, is there an inner product on $M_n$ which satisfies:
$$(*) \, \, \langle Q^TXQ,Q^TYQ \...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

198 views

### functions with orthogonal Jacobian

I'm working on a model that would require to use vectorial functions of $\mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$, such that $\forall x, y \in \mathbb{R}^n$, $\lVert \frac{df(x)}{dx}(y) \lVert_2 = \...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### Kolmogorov complexity for matrices

In applications one often encounters very large matrices that barely fit in computer memory, if at all. Naturally one wishes to represent those matrices as compactly as possible. Sometimes one even ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### Expectation of a specific random variable on the probability space of $n\times n$ matrices over $\{0,1\}$

Let $\mathcal{G}_{n,\frac{1}{2}}$ be the probability space of $n\times n$ matrices over $\{0,1\}$ and each entry of the matrix is independently equal to 1 with probability $\frac{1}{2}$ and equal to 0 ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

41 views

### Cross section point of two conics curves

We have $A_i , B_i , C_i , D_i , E_i ,F_i, \ (i=1, 2) $.
We want to find $ (u,v) \in \mathbb{R}^2$ satisfying
\begin{equation}
A_1 u^2 + B_1 uv + C_1 v^2 + D_1 u + E_1 v +F_1 =0 \\
A_2 u^2 + B_2 ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### the pfaffian-adjugate and its counterparts for matrices odd size

Let $R$ be a commutative ring (zero characteristic). Take a skew-symmetric matrix $A\in Mat^{skew-sym}(n,R)$.
If $n$ is even, then $\det(A)=Pf^2(A)$ and there exists the "Pfaffian adjugate/adjoint" ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

472 views

### An inequality for the spectral radius of matrices used by J. Bochi

I am interested in the history of an inequality for the spectral radius of a $d\times d$ real or complex matrix, which occurs in Jairo Bochi's 2002 article Inequalities for numerical invariants of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Primitivity of $AA^\top$

Let $A\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be a non-negative and irreducible matrix. Consider $B:=AA^\top$. It can be proved (I can post a proof if needed) that the following condition is necessary and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

31 views

### A class of unimodular parametrization

Is there a parametrization of set of matrices $\mathcal M\subseteq\Bbb Z[x_1,\dots,x_{m}]^{n\times n}$ such that $\forall f:\{-1,+1\}^{m}\rightarrow\{-1,+1\}$ $\exists M\in\mathcal M$ such that $\...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

40 views

### If $A$ is doubly stochastic and reducible. Why is $A$ permutation similar to a matrix of the form $A_1 ⊕ A_2$

If $A \in M_n$ is doubly stochastic and reducible.
Why is $A$ permutation similar
to a matrix of the form $A_1 ⊕ A_2$, in which both $A_1$ and $A_2$ are doubly stochastic?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

75 views

### Let $M = \frac{1}{2}(A + {A^T})$ be real symmetric nonnegative matrix. Why does $\rho (A) \le {\lambda _{\max }}(M)$?

Let $A \in M_n$ be nonnegative, and consider the real symmetric nonnegative matrix
$M = \frac{1}{2}(A + {A^T})$.
Why does $\rho (A) \le {\lambda _{\max }}(M)$?

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### FInd smallest value $r$ such that a $n\times r$ matrix exists [closed]

The input of my problem is an integer $n\geq 3$.
The output is an integer $r\geq 1$ which must be as small as possible such that there is a $(n\times r)$ matrix verifying the following constraints:
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

18 views

### How can I filter the effects of a variable from a correlation matrix?

I have a correlation matrix (it contains 500 columns and 500 rows) and I would like to make an other correlation matrix in which one variable (and its influences) is filtered from the initial matrix. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

79 views

### Multiplicatively closed subsets of $\mathbb{C}^{n \times n}$

While dealing with another problem I saw that I need to classify subspaces $V$ of $\mathbb{C}^{n \times n}$ that are multiplicatively closed.
So to get an idea of the nature of the subspaces I ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Standard rational functions from matrices

In linear algebra we get introduced to standard polynomials that are associated to matrices such as characteristic polynomials and determinants.
What are some of the standard rational functions that ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Number of turning points on a nondecreasing $n^2 \times n^2$ matrix

Given a integer value $n$, we generate a $n^2 \times n^2$ integer matrix $M$ in the following way.
Each ceil has value range $[1~n]$
In each row, the value is nondecreasing. E.g. $M[i, j] \leq M[i, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

63 views

### Decomposing a matrix into the tensor product of a permutation and orthogonal matrix

Suppose I have a square matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}^{mn \times mn}$. I want to find
$$\arg \min_{P, Q} \|A - P \otimes Q\|_F$$
where $P$ is an $m \times m$ permutation matrix and $Q$ is an $n \times n$...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

298 views

### Covering the zeros of 0/1 matrix with submatrices

The matrices I am dealing with are $n\times n$ of the following type (with $n=7$):
$M_7=\begin{pmatrix}1&0&0&0&0&0&1 \\ 1&1&0&0&0&0&0 \\ 0&1&1&...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### On a determinantal equality

In my study, I come across the following curious equality, which I do not know a proof yet (so I am asking it here).
Let $k$, $l\in \Bbb Z$ be fixed, $m$ --- the size of the below matrix $M$ --- is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

76 views

### A question on Perron–Frobenius theorem [closed]

Let $A \in M_n$ is nonnegative(all $a_{ij}\ge0$).
Suppose $A$ has a nonnegative eigenvector(all entries$\ge0$ ) with $r ≥ 1$ positive entries and $n − r$ zero entries.
Why is there a permutation ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### Robust generalization of matrix rank

I am looking for robust generalizations of matrix rank.
Think of the the following problem: A big matrix of low rank is perturbed by random noise, such that it becomes a full-rank matrix. Is there a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### Heuristics for counting degrees of freedom

I have recently learned about the representation theorem for isotropic,
linear operators, which says the following:
Defintion:
Let $M_n$ be the vector space of $n \times n$ real matrices. We say a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### What is the best algorithm for even rank magic square?

Magic square is a $n*n$ matrix with numbers of $1,2,...,n^2$ and has the property that sum of any row and any column and sum of main diameter and
adjunct diameter is identical. There exists a very ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

385 views

### Does the antidiagonal in this square matrix always contain a prime?

Does the antidiagonal in the square matrix with entries $1,2,\ldots,n^2$ row by row in that order always contain a prime?
For example:
For n=2: $\begin{bmatrix}1 & 2\\3 & 4\end{bmatrix}$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

99 views

### Similarity transformation of transition matrix of reversible Markov chain (reference request)

If $P$ is the transition matrix of a reversible Markov chain, and $\pi$ is its stationary distribution, and let $R$ be defined by:
$$R_{ij} = \sqrt{\frac{\pi_i}{\pi_j}}P_{ij}~.$$
By reversibility, ...