**7**

votes

**0**answers

269 views

### Does this inequality always hold?

Denote the adjacency matrix of a given undirected graph by $g$. It is an $n$-by-$n$ symmetric Boolean matrix with elements on the diagonal to be zero ($n\geq 3$). Let $g_{12}=g_{21}=g_{13}=g_{31}=1$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

66 views

### Are there non-isomorphic graphs with rationally orthogonal similar adjacency matrices?

Let $A_G,A_H$ be the adjacency matrices of two non-isomorphic graphs.
Let $P$ be orthogonal matrix with rational entries.
Is it possible $A_G = P^{-1}A_H P$?
Paper
gives algorithm for ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

316 views

### When are the adjacency matrices of non-isomorphic graphs similar?

From Wikipedia.
In linear algebra, two n-by-n matrices A and B are called similar if
$$ B = P^{-1} A P$$
for some invertible n-by-n matrix $P$.
If $P$ is a permutation matrix, $A$ and $B$ are ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

466 views

### Enumeration of $0-1$ matrices with determinant $1$

Has the number $f(n)$ of $n \times n$, $0{-}1$ matrices whose determinant is $+1$
been enumerated?
E.g., for $n{=}2$, there are $f(2)=3$ such matrices:
$$
\left(
\begin{array}{cc}
1 & 0 \\
0 ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Changes in singular Values of matrix when adding row

I know that if a column is added to a matrix then the matrix largest signular value increases and the smallest singular value decreases. That is:
Given matrix $A \in R^{m \text{x} n}$, $m>n$, and ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

204 views

### quadratic matrix equation

Find all symmetric matrices $X=X^{T}$ such that
\begin{align}
XDX^{T}=-D \quad (1)
\end{align}
where $D\ne 0$ is a real diagonal matrix.
For example, $X=iI$ satisfies $(1)$. Can you get a ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Bound on the ratio of top 2 eigenvalues

Let $P$ be a $(n+1) \times (n+1)$ stochastic matrix such that $P_{ij}=\tau$ if $i \neq j$ and $P_{ii} = (1 - n\tau)$ where $0<\tau < \frac{1}{n+1}$. It is clear that the largest eigenvalue of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

163 views

### What are interesting heuristics of determining how far given matrix is from a singular one?

The condition number and volume of matrix (defined as absolute value of its determinant) are things which come to mind. Is there more?
I think that over the years numerical folks (who are faced with ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### A weak Perron-Frobenius property for sets of positive matrices

A popular form of the Perron-Frobenius theorem states the following result: if $A$ is a $d \times d$ real matrix all of whose entries are positive, then the spectral radius of $A$ is a simple ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### Is the function below convex?

I have the following function $f(X)=(\sum(gmm^2(AX)-2gmm(AX)gmm(B)))||CX-D||^2$
where gmm is Gussian mixtures defined as $gmm(x)=\sum_{i=1}^{K}\omega_{i}\phi(x|\mu_{i},\Sigma_{i})$, $\omega$ is the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

106 views

### Range of a trace preserving completely positive projection

I'm working in $M_n(\mathbb{C})$, the algebra of complex $n\times n$ matrices. I managed to build a completely positive, trace preserving, star preserving, projection $P$. That is
$$\text{Tr}(P(A)) = ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

138 views

### How to calculate one Cauchy type determinant

As we know, a Cauchy determinant of size n admits the following explicit formula:
$$\det \left(\frac{1}{x _i+y _j}\right) _{1\le i,j \le n}=\frac{\prod _{1\le i < j\le n} (x _j-x _i)(y _j-y ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

154 views

### Is there a method to simultaneously block-diagonalize a set of group matrices?

Assume that you are explicitly given the representation matrices of a group.
How does one go about finding that common basis which will find the irreducible components of all of them simultaneously?
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

55 views

### What are good bounds on ratios of subdeterminants?

Let $A$ be a symmetric matrix and $A_i$ be the matrix obtained from $A$ by dropping the $i^{th}$ row and column. Then what are some good bounds on the value of $\frac{det(A_i)}{det(A)}$ ?
Using the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### When is a linear combination of permutation matrices unitary?

Question:
Let $P_\pi$ denote the matrix representation of permutation $\pi$. Consider a linear combination of all $n \times n$ permutation matrices
$$U := \sum_{\pi \in S_n} c_\pi P_\pi$$
where ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### When is a Hankel matrix invertible?

I would like to have some conditions that render a general Hankel matrix of the form
\begin{pmatrix}a_1 & a_2 & a_3 &\cdots & a_n \\ a_2 & a_3 & a_4 & \cdots & a_{n+1} ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

117 views

### Matrices congruent to each other via a permutation

Consider the collection of all integer matrices and partition them via an equivalence relation $A\sim B\Leftrightarrow \exists$ a permutation matrix $P$ such that $B=PAP^T$. Is some canonical form ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

143 views

### Inverse of a matrix expression

Let
$$X_i = \left(I - P\left(I - t_it_i^T\right)\right)^{-1}$$
where $P$ is an $N\times N$ matrix and $t_i$ is a vector of $N$ elements.
Is there a way to simplify this expression in order to ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### $\mathbb{Z}_{2}$ -equivariant vector bundles over manifold of rank-$k$ matrices

Edit: I remove the trivial part of the first version, according to comment of Alex Degtyarev
Let $M$ be the manifold of all matrices in $M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$ with fixed rank $0<k<n$. There is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### Probe permutationally matrix extreme properties

Suppose given $M\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ of rank $r$.
Assume that changing even a single $1$ to $0$ in $M$ raises rank. Does it follow that $M$ is permutationally equivalent to a block diagonal ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

523 views

### Why are 1 and -1 eigenvalues of this matrix?

This is a subject I've been working on for a very long time now, but still did not manage to fully understand the interesting properties of this matrix $\mathbf{A}$.
First, let's define two matrices:
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

55 views

### Spectral radius of a column stochastic matrix perturbed by a rank-1 matrix

$P\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ is an irreducible column stochastic matrix. $P$ is also diagonally dominant. $w \in \mathbb{R}^{n} $ is a strictly positive vector satisfying $w^T \mathbf{1} = 1$ where ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### Maximizing Frobenius Norm of Commutator (an opposite Procrustes problem)

I was wondering if anybody has any suggestions on the following problem:
Let $S$ be an $n\times n$ positive definite symmetric matrix. I wish to find an $n\times n$ orthogonal matrix $R$ which ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### Symplectic (contact) structure on $M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$

Assume that $n$ is an even number. What is a natural symplectic structure on $M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$, such that for every $1\leq k \leq n$ the manifold of $k$-rank matrices would be invariant under ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

93 views

### Upper bounds on elements of a matrix

During my research I have come across matrices this type
$$C=B\left(B^T B\right)^{-1}B^T\ ,$$
where $B$ is an $m\times n$ real matrix. If $B^TB$ is not invertible, then $\left(B^T B\right)^{-1}$ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

163 views

### Characterizing matrices with rank constraint

Given matrix $M\in\Bbb\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$, is there a nice method to characterize $$\mathscr{D}[M]=\{Q\in\Bbb\{0,1\}^{n\times n}:\mathsf{rank}(M-Q)= \mathsf{rank}(Q),\quad M-Q\in\Bbb\{0,1\}^{n\times ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### Non-negative decomposition of a non-negative matrix

Consider a matrix $A\in{\bf M}_{n\times m}({\mathbb R})$, whose entries are non-negative. Let $r$ be the rank of $A$.
It is well-known that $A$ decomposes as $x_1y_1^T+\cdots+x_ry_r^T$ with ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### A norm description for singular matrices

For $n>2$, are there norms $\parallel.\parallel_{a}$ and $\parallel.\parallel_{b}$ on $M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$ with the following property:
$A\in M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$ is singular if and only if ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

178 views

### A line bundle over the manifold of singular matrices

According to answer of Denis Serre to this question, the manifold of singular matrices in $M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$ is defined as follows:
$$M=\{A\in M_{n}(\mathbb{R})\mid \text{rank}(A)=n-1\}$$
So we ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

155 views

### A geometric property of singular matrices

Let $S\subset M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$ be the singular points of the equation $Det=0$. That is $S$ is the critical points of the determinant function.
What matrices belongs to $S$, precisely?
Let ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

83 views

### Spectrum of primitive nonnegative integer matrices

Let $P(X) = a_nX^n + \cdots + a_1X + a_0$ with $a_i \in \mathbb Z$.
Question 1. Is there an efficient criterion on the $a_i$ to decide if there exists a primitive nonnegative integer matrix with ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

158 views

### Matrices with real spectrum

Assume you have a non-symmetric real square matrix of all whose eigenvalues are real. Can anything be said about it? Is it unitarily equivalent to a symmetric matrix?
EDIT: Is it at least similar to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

111 views

### Eigenvalue of product of self adjoint compact operators

Suppose A is a self adjoint $m \times m$ real matrix with eigenpairs $\{e_j, \lambda_j\}$ such that $\lambda_j > \lambda_{j + 1}$. Let $B$ be another self adjoint real $m \times m$ matrix such that ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

112 views

### A quantity associated with an algebraic variete

Let $P:\mathbb{C}^{n}\to \mathbb{C}$ be an irreducible homogenous polynomial.
Is there a geometric or algebra geometric interpretation for the following quantity:
The maximum number $k$ such that ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

113 views

### Matrix Submodular Inequality

Given $a,b,x > 0$ I know following the submodularity property holds:
\begin{align}
\frac{1}{a} - \frac{1}{a+x} \geq \frac{1}{a+b} - \frac{1}{a+b+x}
\end{align}
My question is, does this property ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

263 views

### Why is a matrix pencil called a pencil?

I'm trying to understand the historical context behind the word pencil in matrix pencils, or pencil of curves so on.
I am aware that even Gantmacher 1959 has this terminology however I don't know ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

254 views

### Jordan decomposition of the tensor product of two matrices

I asked this question on Math.SE here, but did not get a lot of attention.
I am interested in the problem of determining the Jordan decomposition of the tensor product of two unipotent matrices over ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### Is the center of the automorphism group of a von Neumann algebra M trivial whenever M is a factor?

Question: Is the center of the automorphism group of a von Neumann algebra $\mathscr{M}$ trivial (=$\{\mathrm{id}\}$) whenever $\mathscr{M}$ is a factor (=$\mathscr{M}$ has center $\{\lambda I; ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### Finite codimensional subvector space of $C^{*}$ algebras which contains no invertible elements

Assume that $A$ is a unital $C^{*}$ algebra. Is there a subvector space $Y\subset A$ of finite codimension which does not contain any invertible element?
Let $n(A)$ be the infimum of such ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

47 views

### Orthogonalization technique after cosparse dictionary update

I'm trying to adapt the cosparse dictionary learning (DL) approach described in Analysis K-SVD to a DL method that creates the dictionary as a union of orthonormal blocks (UONB).
For this I apply the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### Dual cone of a set of particular semidefinite cones

Let $X$ be a matrix variable
$$X=\begin{pmatrix} x_1 & x_2 & x_3\\ x_2 & x_4 & x_5\\x_3 & x_5 & x_6\end{pmatrix},$$
define the cone as
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

45 views

### Bound of spectral radius of polynomial of a complex matrix

I am trying to prove or disprove the following inequality.
$$ ||P(A)||_2\leq 2 \max_{\alpha\in W(A)}| P(\alpha)|,$$
where $P(\cdot)$ is a complex polynomial, $A\in \mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$ and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

75 views

### An exact fraction of a matrix

Let $A$ be a $n \times m$ real matrix with $n<<m$ and of rank $r<n$. It is known that $A$ has exactly two distinct non-zero singular values: $\sigma_{\max}$ and $\sigma_{2}$, and also that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### Rank changes with matrix edits

Assume we have rank $r$ real matrix $M\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ (not constrained to symmetric).
Assume $W\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ is rank $1$ real matrix.
Case $1$: $M+W\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$.
Could ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Bits of precision matrix reconstruction

We have a real rank $r$ matrix $M\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$.
Suppose we have diagonalized using $LMR=D$.
I want to recover a real matrix $\widetilde{M}$ such that maximum absolute entry of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Way to parameterise sparse multi diagonal matrix

I have an NxN matrix S that looks like this: $$ S^{-1} = K^{-1} + \Lambda $$
where N is a multiple of 3, both K and S are positive definite matrices, and Lambda is
$$
\Lambda = \begin{bmatrix}
x ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### Maximal compact subgroup of SL(2,|H)

The exceptional isomorphism $Spin(5,1)\simeq SL(2,\mathbb{H})$ is well-known, and I can find references that say the maximal compact of $Spin(5,1)$ is $Spin(5) \simeq Sp(2)$. So I know the answer to ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Can we replace 2-fold cover by n rectangles with 1-fold cover by n rectangles?

Suppose that $n$ rectangles cover every point of their union exactly twice (except for points on their boundaries).
Can we partition this union into at most $n$ rectangles?
I think it's pretty ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

135 views

### Is there a standard notation for off-diagonal transpose?

Given a matrix $A=\begin{pmatrix}a&b\\c&d\end{pmatrix}$,
its transpose, obviously, is $A^T=\begin{pmatrix}a&c\\b&d\end{pmatrix}$.
But is there a conventional way of notating the matrix
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

436 views

### Some calculus in the orthogonal group $O(n)$

How can one compute each of the following matrices, explicitly:
$$\int_{O(n)} e^{g}dg$$ or
$$\int_{O(n)} g^{n}dg \;\;\;\;n\in \mathbb{N} \;\;n>1$$
What is the explicite entries of the resulting ...