5
votes
7answers
462 views

Source for roots of matrix polynomials?

A matrix polynomial is a polynomial whose variables are square $n \times n$ matrices, let's say with entries in $\mathbb{C}$, and with coefficients in $\mathbb{C}$. I am seeking a source of results on ...
3
votes
0answers
206 views

The Poisson-kernel in the plane and polynomials

Let \begin{align*} p(z) & = \ \prod_{j = 1}^{n} (z - z_j) \, ; \ |z_j| \ = \ 1 \\ & = \ \prod_{j = 1}^{l+1} (z - z_j)^{M_j} \end{align*} be a non-constant complex polynomial with ...
16
votes
5answers
736 views

Cayley-Hamilton revisited

Let $(A_i)_i$ be $n\times n$ matrices with entries in a field $K$ with characteristic $0$. We consider the equation (1) $f(X)=A_kX^k+\cdots+A_1X+A_0=0_n$ where $X\in\mathcal{M}_n(K)$ is unknown. Let ...
8
votes
3answers
437 views

Relating a Polynomial equation to the characteristic equation of a Hermitian matrix

This question arose out of mere curiosity. Given a polynomial equation and I happen to know that its roots are real (but not the roots itself). Does it mean it is the characteristic equation of a ...
12
votes
0answers
272 views

Descartes rule of signs for a noncommutative polynomial in matrix variables

Recently, while studying certain notions of "averaging" a set of input matrices, I obtained a nonlinear polynomial in matrix variables. A simple example is \begin{equation*} \mathcal{G}(X) := X^n - ...
2
votes
2answers
349 views

The number of solutions of a matrix equation

Let $P(X) = a_nX^n + \cdots + a_1X + a_0$ be a polynomial, $a_i \in \mathbb{R}$ for all $i$. Set $$S = \lbrace A \in \mathbb{M}_n: P(A) = 0 \rbrace.$$ We consider the following relation $\sim$ on ...
2
votes
3answers
543 views

Do approximately the same polynomials have approximately the same roots? [closed]

"If $U$ is an open subset of the complex plane, then matrices $X\in\textrm{M}(n,\mathbb C)$ all of whose eigenvalues belong to $U$ make up an open subset of $\textrm{M}(n,\mathbb C)$." Trying to prove ...
4
votes
0answers
427 views

Characteristic polynomial of a symmetric integer matrix

I am wondering what, if anything, is known about the characteristic polynomials of integer symmetric matrices. I believe I read somewhere that not every polynomial with integer coefficients can be a ...
3
votes
1answer
393 views

polynomial matrices and its spectrum

Hello, all! I have a polynomial non-singular square matrix over $\mathbf{F} _q[x]$, $$\underset{l \times l}{G(x)} = \left( \begin{matrix} g _{0,0}(x) & g _{0,1}(x) & \ldots & g ...
1
vote
3answers
645 views

Detecting if a polynomial is a Pfaffian

Given an explicit polynomial, is there any kind of trick/algorithm to check whether it is a pfaffian of a matrix with linear entries?
2
votes
1answer
285 views

Symmetric polynomials preserving $-1,1$ matrices

If $A$ is an $n\times n$ integer matrix, then trivially $S=A+A^t$ and $P = AA^t$ where $t$ is ``transpose", are both symmetric. Assume that $A$ is also a "$\lbrace -1,1 \rbrace$" matrix, i.e., the ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Irreducibility of determinant of symmetric matrix

It is quite known fact that the determinant of arbitrary symmetric matrix is an irreducible polynomial in algebra $\mathbb C [x_{ij}, 1\leq i,j\leq n]$ ($x_{ij}=x_{ji}$) (see this: ...
2
votes
2answers
373 views

on existence of matrices X, Y s.t. XAY is diagonal over non-commutative ring

Given $A\in Mat_{n\times n}(R)$ where $R$ is a non-commutative associative ring are there exist any (non-zero) matrices $X, Y\in Mat_{n\times n}(R)$ such that $XAY=diag(a_1, \ldots , a_n)$ for some ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Conditions for smooth dependence of the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a matrix on a set of parameters

Let $A\in\mathcal M_n$ be an $n\times n$ real [symmetric] matrix which depends smoothly on a [finite] set of parameters, $A=A(\xi_1,\ldots,\xi_k)$. We can view it as a smooth function $A:\mathbb ...
4
votes
1answer
711 views

annihilator/common left multiple of matrix polynomials

Let $A_{n,d}$ be the space of polynomials of degree $d$ or less whose coefficients are real $n\times n$ matrices --- or, if you prefer, the space of matrices whose entries are degree-$d$ polynomials. ...
7
votes
4answers
492 views

If the series Σ pᵃ⁽ʷ⁾·xᴵʷᴵ is rational, is Σ a(w)·xᴵʷᴵ also rational (summation over words w in a regular language)?

Let $p$ be a prime number and let $a_i$ be a sequence of natural numbers such that the series $\sum_{i=1}^\infty p^{a_i} x^i$ is rational. A warm-up question: Question 1. Does it follow that the ...
18
votes
11answers
3k views

When does 'positive' imply 'sum of squares'?

Does anyone have examples of when an object is positive, then it has (or does not have) a square root? Or more generally, can be written as a sum of squares? Example. A positive integer does not ...