# Tagged Questions

**12**

votes

**1**answer

386 views

### Does the Hasse principle hold for the square root problem on symmetric matrices?

Let $S$ be an $n \times n$ symmetric matrix with rational entries.
It is known that the equation $XX^T=S$ has a solution in $\text{M}_n(\mathbb{Q})$
if and only if it has a solution in ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### Large prime divisors in entries of matrix powers

Are any examples known of an integer matrix $A$, such that the largest prime divisor of some specified entry of $A^n$ grows exponentially in $n$? How about where it just grows strictly faster than any ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

587 views

### A problem about Determinant of sum of permutation matrices

Let $w_1$ and $w_2$ be two permutations of $\{1, \cdots , k\}$ such that for all $1\leq i \leq k$, $w_1(i)\neq w_2(i)$. Let $m$ and $n$ be two relatively prime integers. Then is there exist two ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

376 views

### Geometry of numbers for three by three matrices?

While trying to use Minkowski's theorem to calculate the (left) class number of a noncommutative ring, I ran into the following problem:
What is the volume of the largest symmetric convex subset ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

525 views

### Free subgroups of GL(2,Z)

Is there a bound $B$ such that every 2-generator subgroup
$G = \langle a, b \rangle < {\rm GL}(2,\mathbb{Z})$
whose generators do not satisfy a relation of length $\leq B$ is free?
If it exists, ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

924 views

### Eigenvalues of nonnegative integer matrices

Edit
I realized that the key piece of information that I need is question 1, and so I'd like to rephrase this post:
What are the possible eigenvalues of nonnegative integer matrices?
Any answer ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### How many matrices are possible for the given arrangement?

Given m & n, we have to find out the number of possible matrices of order m*n with the property that A(i,j) can be either 0 or 1 and that no contiguous sub-matrix of both length > 1 & breadth ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

544 views

### Automorphisms of a matrix in Smith normal form?

Added: Amritanshu Prasad's answer makes it clear that I am really asking for a description of the group of integer unimodular matrices $P$ such that $D^{-1}PD$ is also integer. These matrices are ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

754 views

### Congruence subgroups as abstract groups

This is probably well know, and maybe even trivial, but not to me. Consider for concreteness the subgroup
$$
\pm\Gamma_0(3)=\left\{\begin{pmatrix}a & b \\ c & ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

314 views

### Is that series-transformation known in the context of divergent summation?

Note: I asked this question in math.stackexchange but did not receive an answer
Background:
In the context of divergent summation I'm analyzing the matrix of eulerian numbers for a regular ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

328 views

### Rank of sum of Galois conjugates of a matrix

Given an invertible square matrix $M$ with entries from some number field $K$ which is Galois over $\mathbb{Q}$, sum the Galois conjugates of $M$ to form a new matrix $M' = \Sigma_{\sigma \in ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

492 views

### If the series Σ pᵃ⁽ʷ⁾·xᴵʷᴵ is rational, is Σ a(w)·xᴵʷᴵ also rational (summation over words w in a regular language)?

Let $p$ be a prime number and let $a_i$ be a sequence of natural numbers such that the series $\sum_{i=1}^\infty p^{a_i} x^i$ is rational. A warm-up question:
Question 1. Does it follow that the ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

448 views

### structure of singular matrices whose entries have modulus one

Let $A$ be a $n \times n$ matrix all of whose entries has modulus 1.
Suppose the matrix $A$ is singular.
We will assume without loss of generality that all the entries in the first row and the ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

565 views

### Regular languages of matrices and their generating functions

My question is somewhat related to this question.
Let us fix natural numbers $k$ and $C$. Let $A$ be an automaton whose alphabet consists of $k\times k$ matrices with integer coefficients of ...

**27**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Perron-Frobenius “inverse eigenvalue problem”

The Perron-Frobenius theorem says that the largest eigenvalue of a positive real matrix (all entries positive) is real. Moreover, that eigenvalue has a positive eigenvector, and it is the only ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

461 views

### What matrix groups can be embedded in $Sp_4$?

In a joint paper with Yifan Yang we constructed an "exotic" embedding
of $SL_2(\mathbb R)$ in $Sp_4(\mathbb R)$ (in fact, of $PSL_2(\mathbb R)$ in $PSp_4(\mathbb R)$),
namely,
$$
...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### Positive solutions of linear Diophantine equations

Let $A$ be a non-negative integer $k\times n$-matrix (i.e. each entry is non-negative and integer) with $rank(A) = k < n$. Let $b$ be a $k$-dimensional vector with positive integer entries. ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Lifting matrices mod 2 to integers.

The following question was motivated by my research.
Consider a $n\times n$ matrix whose elements are $0$'s or $1$'s such that the determinant is odd. The question is: is it possible to assign signs ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

477 views

### An inverse eigenvalue problem on Jacobi matrices

I am interested in trying to design a Hermitian Jacobi (tridiagonal) matrix $H$ that has specific properties. The basic property, which is simple enough to construct, is that for an $N\times N$ matrix ...

**18**

votes

**11**answers

3k views

### When does 'positive' imply 'sum of squares'?

Does anyone have examples of when an object is positive, then it has (or does not have) a square root? Or more generally, can be written as a sum of squares?
Example. A positive integer does not ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

290 views

### An “existence contra partition of unity” statement for integer matrices?

While reading a blog post on partitions of unity at the Secret Blogging Seminar the following question came into my mind.
Let $n$ be a positive integer and let $B_1$ and $B_2$ be $n \times n$ ...