4
votes
0answers
75 views

Groups of operators between local unitaries and full unitaries

Consider the group $U(d_1) \otimes U(d_2)$ of "local unitary" operators acting on the complex space $\mathbb{C}^{d_1} \otimes \mathbb{C}^{d_2}$ (i.e., $U(d_1) \otimes U(d_2)$ is the group of unitary ...
1
vote
1answer
184 views

$SO(N^2-1)$ and the adjoint representation of $SU(N)$

It is a known fact that the adjoint representation of $SU(N)$ is a proper subgroup of $SO(N^2-1)$. I would like to know how a generic $(N^2-1)\times (N^2-1)$ special ($det =1$), orthogonal matrix $O$ ...
4
votes
1answer
462 views

A question on Grassmannian

Let $V$ be the space of $4$ by $4$ Hermitian matrices, that is a vector space of dimension $16$ over $\mathbb{R}$. Is the uniform measure of $$ \left\{ W\in Gr\left(5,V\right):W \text{contains no ...
7
votes
1answer
469 views

A question on eigenvalues

Let $A_{1}$, $A_{2}$, $A_{3}$, $A_{4}$, $A_{5}$ be linearly independent Hermitian matrices in the the space of $6$ by $6$ Hermitian matrices as a vector space over $\mathbb{R}$. Does there always ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

On matrices conjugated in a faithful representation

Let $k$ an algebraically closed field. Let $O=k[[\pi]]$ and $F=k((\pi))$ and $G\rightarrow GL_{n}$ a faithful representation of a semisimple group. Let $A, B\in G(O)\cap G(F)^{rs}$ (rs for regular ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

integral stable conjugacy classes

Let $G$ be a semisimple simply connected group over $k$ algebraically closed field . Let $\gamma,\gamma'\in G(k[[\pi]])$ that are generically regular semisimple on $G(k((\pi)))$. We assume that ...
5
votes
0answers
151 views

How to find the unitary matrices in this exponential matrix representation

In the following post Representing a product of matrix exponentials as the exponential of a sum there is a statement regarding the result of the multiplication of two matrix exponentials: if $A$ and ...
3
votes
0answers
131 views

Compute the discriminant for reductive groups

Consider $G=GL_{2}$ and $F=k((\pi))$, and a diagonal matrix $t=\left(\begin{array}{cc}a&0\\0&b\end{array}\right)$. The characteristic polynomial of $t$ is $X^{2}-(a+b)X+ab$, and the ...
1
vote
1answer
285 views

Iwasawa Decomposition for Matrices [closed]

I was asked to prove that if $$ T_{n}^{+}(\mathbb{R}) \subseteq M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$$ denotes the set of upper triangular matrices with positive diagonal entries, then prove that the multiplication ...
-1
votes
1answer
223 views

identifying dual of lie algebra of general linear groups

Is there any reference for the following fact? I am looking for a nice and simple proof. Assume that $G=GL(n,C)$, the group of invertible $n\times n$ matrices with complex entries. Why can the dual ...
1
vote
2answers
316 views

Have derivatives of determinants along 1-psg's ever been 'coherently' computed via Jacobi's formula?

Suppose $\mathfrak{p}$ denotes all the symmetric matrices in $\mathfrak{sl}_{2n} \mathbb{R}$. Then for each parameterized 1-dimensional linear subspace $\xi=\xi(t)$ of $\mathfrak{p}$ we get a ...
5
votes
3answers
370 views

Matrices generating non-discrete subgroups of SL(2,R)

Jorgensen's inequality $\mid \left(Tr\left(A\right)\right)^2-4\mid+\mid Tr\left[A,B\right]-2\mid\ge 1$ gives a necessary condition for two matrices A,B to generate a discrete subgroup of SL(2,R). Are ...
4
votes
3answers
317 views

Linear subspaces in cones over orthogonal groups

Consider the orthogonal group $G=O(n)$ as a subset of the vector space of $n\times n$ real matrices. Let $C=C(G)$ denote the Euclidean cone over $G$, i.e., the space of matrices of the form $tA, A\in ...
6
votes
0answers
308 views

Spaces of matrices with same eigenvalue/Great circles in O(n)-orbits

Let $Sym^2(V)$ be the set of symmetric matrices of a real $n$-dimensional vector space $V$. Given an element $\underline{\lambda}=[\lambda_1,\ldots \lambda_n]\in \mathbb{RP}^n$, where ...
14
votes
4answers
1k views

Representing a product of matrix exponentials as the exponential of a sum

In Proof of a conjectured exponential formula, R. C. Thompson (1986) [edit: apparently, assuming Horn's conjecture] proved that if $A$ and $B$ are Hermitian matrices, then there exist unitary matrices ...
5
votes
1answer
308 views

Invariants of co-diagonalizability in real symmetric matrices

This question has been mentionned to me by U. Frisch. He wanders whether it has ever been considered by algebraists. In the vector space ${\bf Sym}_n({\mathbb R})$, two elements commutte to each ...
2
votes
1answer
225 views

omega-Commuting matrices vs Stone-von Neumann Theorem

Let me first recall the Stone-von Neumann theorem that if two one-parameter groups of unitary operators $U_t$ and $V_s$ over a Hilbert space satisfy $U_tV_s=e^{ist}V_sU_t$ for every $s,t\in{\mathbb ...
3
votes
0answers
164 views

criterion for deciding whether the product of a sequence of Givens rotations can reach the full special orthogonal group

By Givens' rotation $R(1,2;\theta)$ I mean a matrix which has the $$\begin{pmatrix} \hphantom{-}\cos \theta &\sin \theta \cr -\sin \theta & \cos \theta \end{pmatrix}$$ $2 \times 2$ block at ...
7
votes
2answers
660 views

What's the Lipschitz constant of the exponential map for $SO(n,R)$?

Consider the Lie algebra $so(n)$ equipped with the metric $\langle e_i \wedge e_j, e_k \wedge e_l \rangle = \delta_{i,k} \delta_{j,l}$. Similarly equip the tangent space at other points of $SO(n)$ by ...
2
votes
1answer
340 views

Analogies between orthogonal/unitary groups and their indefinite counterparts

Suppose I have $A\in U(n)$ such that $A^t=A$ (which is a bit un-natural, as usually you'd consider the hermitian transpose, not the transpose). Well, then $A=X+iY$ say, for $X$ and $Y$ real matrices. ...
3
votes
4answers
986 views

Parametrization of O(3)

Is there a simple way to parametrize the orthogonal group O(3) of 3 by 3 orthogonal matrices?
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Left and right eigenvalues

A quaternionic matrix $A$ gives rise to a function $\mathbb{H}^n \to \mathbb{H}^n$ given by $x \mapsto A \cdot x$. This is real linear, but not complex- or quaternionic-linear (in general) if we ...
7
votes
1answer
455 views

What matrix groups can be embedded in $Sp_4$?

In a joint paper with Yifan Yang we constructed an "exotic" embedding of $SL_2(\mathbb R)$ in $Sp_4(\mathbb R)$ (in fact, of $PSL_2(\mathbb R)$ in $PSp_4(\mathbb R)$), namely, $$ ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

How to show the matrix exponential is onto? And, how to create a powerseries for log that works outside B(I,1)

Hi, I've been looking for a clear reference which shows that the matrix exponential is surjective from $M_{n}(C)$ to $Gl_{n}(C)$. Wikipedia claims this is true, but I haven't seen it proven... ...