# Tagged Questions

**4**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Strong convexity of the trace of the square root of a matrix function

Any clues about how to prove that the following function is strongly-concave in $x$? (We conjecture it is $2$-strongly concave but cannot prove it. We have already proved strict concavity through ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### How can I prove that the negative biased triangular kernel is positive semidefinite

How can I prove that the following triangular kernel function defined in $[0, 1] \subset R^1$
$k(x, x') = (1 - 2|x-x'|)$
is a positive semidefinite function?
It turns out to be psd function when ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Alike looking matrices imply convergence of eigenvalues?

This is a question about convergence of eigenvalues which essentially came up in studying the spectrum of St.-Liouville operators.
We want to look at matrices that agree in most of their entries and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

131 views

### Method to Generate Random Mutually Orthogonal Unitary Matrices

The title says it all, I'd like to know if such a method exists to generate random mutually orthogonal unitary matrices. If so, any supplementary references would be very much obliged. Thanks again!

**5**

votes

**1**answer

250 views

### Is the p-norm of a matrix strictly log-convex?

Let $A$ be a $n\times n$-matrix. We let $\|A\|_p$ denote the norm of $A$ when considered as a linear operator on $\ell^p(\{1,2,\ldots,n\})$, that is,
$$
\|A\|_p = \sup_{x\neq ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

213 views

### Order-preserving operator norms

Let us regard the $n\times n$ matrices as operators on the $n$-dimensional $\ell_p$ space; that is, we consider them as linear operators $\ell_p^n\to \ell_p^n$. When $p=2$, $M_n$ is a C*-algebra and ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

123 views

### Characterization(?) of coersive(?) elements in the special linear group

Take your favorite matrix norm $\|\bullet\|$ (my favorite is the Frobenius norm $\|A\| = \sqrt{\operatorname{tr} A A^t}$). Now consider the set $S_x$ of matrices $A,$ such that
$\|A\| < x$ and ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

508 views

### Is this Hankel matrix in trace class

Let A be the infinite Hankel matrix with the coefficient
$$A_{kj}=e^{(-t(k+j)^2)}-e^{(-t(k+j+2)^2)},$$ with $t$ a nonnegative real number.
Is $A$ in trace class with a norm bounded by an absolute ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Groups of operators between local unitaries and full unitaries

Consider the group $U(d_1) \otimes U(d_2)$ of "local unitary" operators acting on the complex space $\mathbb{C}^{d_1} \otimes \mathbb{C}^{d_2}$ (i.e., $U(d_1) \otimes U(d_2)$ is the group of unitary ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

247 views

### Inverse Transpose of Jacobian Matrix

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^n\mapsto\mathbb{R}^n$ be a bijective function. Fixed $a\in\mathbb{R}^n$. For any $x$ closes to $a$, using Taylor's series we can approximate $f(x)$ by
\begin{equation}
f(x)\approx ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Weak ergodicity of nonhomogenous products of 0-1 matrices

Here is a question which probably has a negative answer, but I couldn't find any literature directly on it.
Let $(A_n)$ be a sequence of rectangular 0-1 matrices (that is, the entries are restricted ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

251 views

### Trouble with Jordan form of the truncated Carleman-matrix for $\sin(x)$ as size $n$ goes to infinity

I'm currently trying to get familiar with the Jordan normal form for matrices; and after some example I ask for the possible Jordan-form for the Carleman matrix for the function $f(x) = \sin(x)$ when ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

463 views

### A question on Grassmannian

Let $V$ be the space of $4$ by $4$ Hermitian matrices, that
is a vector space of dimension $16$ over $\mathbb{R}$. Is the uniform
measure of
$$
\left\{ W\in Gr\left(5,V\right):W \text{contains no ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Random variable matrix exponential

I am trying to find out the distribution of a matrix exponential which is a function of a random variable. My mathematics background is very limited and I hope I can receive some help from here.
What ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Schur product, partial order

Let $A, B$ be positive definite matrices. Then $A^r\circ B^r \le (A\circ B)^r$ for $0\le r\le 1$, where $\circ$ is Schur product. Here the inequality is in the sense of Loewner partial order.
How to ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

339 views

### Noncommutative arithmetic mean geometric mean inequality and symmetric polynomials

While analyzing convergence speed of stochastic-gradient methods for convex optimization problems, Recht et al (2011) posed a tantalizing conjecture. It seems quite tricky, so after having struggled a ...

**2**

votes

**4**answers

397 views

### Nth root of a matrix as an analytic function?

Let $A$ be a $k \times k$ invertible matrix over complex numbers.
If it possible to write its nth root as an analytic function (i.e. power series in $A$)?
EDIT: Complex coefficients can be functions ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

366 views

### Rescaling positive definite matrices to force a unit eigenvector

Hello,
Let $X'X$ be a positive definite matrix and let $\mathbf{1}$ denote the vector of ones.
I'm hoping to construct a positive, diagonal matrix $W$ such that
$$(W X'X W) \mathbf{1} = ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### Asymptotic Behavior of Non-Analytic Function of the Eigenvalues

Hello,
Let $A_n = (a_{k-j};\;k,j = 0,1,\ldots,n-1)$ be a sequence of $n\times n$ Toeplitz matrices, with eigenvalues $(\lambda_{n,i};\;i = 0,1,\ldots,n-1)$.
If $A_n$ were a sequence of Hermitian ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

114 views

### a monotone relation for s-numbers

Assume $A, B$ are self-ajoint compact operators. Is it true that $\|A+iB\|\le \|2A+iB\|$? Do we have a stronger inequality $\prod_{k=1}^ns_k(A+iB)\le \prod_{k=1}^ns_k(2A+iB)$ or even stronger one ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

443 views

### Relating a Polynomial equation to the characteristic equation of a Hermitian matrix

This question arose out of mere curiosity. Given a polynomial equation and I happen to know that its roots are real (but not the roots itself). Does it mean it is the characteristic equation of a ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

267 views

### Duality between extremal points and extremal maps

Suppose I have a convex set $C\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ such that $0\in C$ and every Cauchy sequence in $C$ converges in $C$, but $C$ need not be bounded. (Actually I want unbounded $C$). Consider the set
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

192 views

### references for families of conditionaly negative definite matrices

We say that a matrix $A\in M_n(\mathbb{C})$ is a conditionaly negative definite matrix if it is hermitian and if for all complex numbers $c_1,\ldots,c_n$ such that $c_1+\cdots +c_n=0$ we have
$$
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

249 views

### Second conjugate operators to operators on $c_0$

I posted my question at MS but unfortunately it is still without a response, so let me ask it here.
We can think about a bounded operator $T\colon c_0\to c_0$ as a double-infinite matrix ...

**14**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Representing a product of matrix exponentials as the exponential of a sum

In Proof of a conjectured exponential formula, R. C. Thompson (1986) [edit: apparently, assuming Horn's conjecture] proved that if $A$ and $B$ are Hermitian matrices, then there exist unitary matrices ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

360 views

### positive hermitian elements in $M_n(\mathbb{C})$

Elements of the set $P$ of positive hermitian $n×n$ matrices over complex numbers
have some special properties:
(i) they are closed under sum,
(ii) they are closed under multiplication by positive ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

326 views

### Characterizing invertible nonnegative matrices with bounded sums

Almost a year ago, I asked in this question about obtaining a tight bound on the sum of the entries of the inverse of a strictly positive definite matrix. Denis Serre gave a nice counterexample ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

506 views

### A singular value inequality

Let $s_1,s_2: \mathbb{R}^{2\times 2} \mapsto \mathbb{R}_+$,
$s_{1}\left(\cdot\right)\ge s_{2}\left(\cdot\right)\ge 0$, be the
singular values of a $2\times2$ matrix. Is it true that
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

389 views

### about decomposition of a non-negative definite operators

Hello,
Many years before, I had the following problem.
We first give a definition. Given a non-negative definite real-valued definite matrix $n^2\times n^2$ matrix $M$, it is called separable if it ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

575 views

### Subgroups of U(M_n)

can any subgroup of the unitary group of full matrix alg $M_d(\mathbb{C})$ be approximated on finite
sets by a finite subgroup?
i.e. is the following True or false?
Let $n, d$ be positive integers ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Commuting unitaries

Is the following true:
For every unit vectors $x_1,..., x_n$, $y_1,..., y_n$ in $\mathbb{C}^k$
there exist a Hilbert space $H$, unitary operators $U_1,...,U_n$ and $V_1,...,V_n$ in $B(H)$ and unit ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

781 views

### $\ell^p$ version of singular values

I am embarassed to pose this question. It is a generalization of a question asked less than 24 hours ago by an unknonw (Google), which has been deleted since then, presumably by its author ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

683 views

### “Explicit” embedding of $\ell^1$ as a closed subalgebra of a direct sum of matrix algebras

For sake of brevity let $A$ denote the Banach algebra formed by equipping $\ell^1({\mathbb N})$ with pointwise multiplication. This algebra is clearly not isomorphic as a Banach algebra to any uniform ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

241 views

### A matrix minimisation problem

Feel free to edit the title!
Suppose A is a C*-algebra and $a,b\in A$ are self-adjoint. I'd be very happy with A being just $n\times n$ matrices.
Question: If there are $t\in\mathbb R$ and ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

608 views

### Random products of projections: bounds on convergence rate?

The von Neumann-Halperin [vN,H] theorem shows that iterating a fixed product of projection operators converges to the projector onto the intersection subspace of the individual projectors. A good ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

261 views

### An analogue of an old proposition

For the absolute value $|C|=(C^*C)^\frac{1}{2}$ and the
Hilbert-Schmidt norm
$\parallel C\parallel_{HS}=(trC^*C)^\frac{1}{2}$ of the operator $C$. The
following inequality is shown by Araki et al in ...

**2**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### An inequality question

Let $M$ be a $3\times2$ matrix. Is it true that for any $x\in\mathbb{R}^{2}$
with $\left\Vert x\right\Vert _{3}=1$ there is some subspace $V$
with dimension $2$ of $\mathbb{R}^{3}$, such that ...

**58**

votes

**2**answers

4k views

### Norms of Commutators

If an $n$ by $n$ complex matrix $A$ has trace zero, then it is a commutator, which means that there are $n$ by $n$ matrices $B$ and $C$ so that $A= BC-CB$. What is the order of the best constant ...