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0
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0answers
88 views

numerical method (implicit) for nonlinear pde [on hold]

$\newcommand{\lbar}{\underline{\lambda}}$ I need a numerical method (implicit , backward difference or forward difference) for estimate $A$ in this nonlinear PDE: $$ A_t + \mu(\lambda -\lbar ) ...
3
votes
1answer
532 views

The Stock Market Polytope: Explanation?

Ovidiu Racorean. "Crossing Stocks and the Positive Grassmannian I: The Geometry behind Stock Market." (arXiv Abstract link) Anyone care to offer a summary of what's going on here? (The ...
1
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0answers
75 views

Obtaining the 'threshold' of a distribution

Context of Research Consider the expression: \begin{align} \widehat{\Theta}(\rho)_i = \frac{1}{(1-\rho)\Delta t} \ln\left(\frac{1}{T} \sum_{t=1}^T \left(\frac{1+r_t}{1+rf_t}\right)^{1-\rho} \right) ...
4
votes
0answers
105 views

compactness of a probability set

I have a question about the compactness of a set of martingale measures. Let $\Omega=\mathcal{C}[0,1]$ be the space of continuous functions on $[0,1]$ and $\mathcal{M}_{\Omega}$ be the family of ...
15
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2answers
1k views

On mathematical aspects of the most recent Nobel prize in economics winners' work

Can somebody briefly introduce the mathematical aspects, in particular, those related to math finance, of the three economists who were just awarded this year's Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic ...
-1
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1answer
93 views

Ratios of random variables with weak moment condition

Let $X_n$ be a sequence of iid positive random variables. Assume that $X_n$ has finite $\alpha$th moment for some value $\alpha \in (0,1)$, but infinite first moment. Assume also that the reciprocal ...
1
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0answers
218 views

A strange Weakly Compactness in $L^1 ( \Omega, \mathcal{F}, \mathbb{P})$

Hi to everyone, The ingredients of my problem are the following: I have a probability space $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}, \mathbb{P})$, a set (continuum cardinality) $\mathcal{Q}$ of probability measures on ...
5
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3answers
673 views

One can earn nothing on the Brownian motion, true ?

Consider any discrete time stochastic process $p(n)$ (price) with independent increments $\xi_k$ and $E(\xi_k)=0$. E.g. Brownian motion (i.e. $\xi_k = N(0,1)$). Consider some "trading strategy" ...
6
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3answers
770 views

How much one can earn on a white noise ?

Consider the simplfied math. model for asset price (it is nevertheless quite practical for specific situations see "PS" part below) assume price "p(n)" at moment "n" is equal to N(0,1) - i.i.d - ...
0
votes
1answer
330 views

Mathematical properties of financial prices

Prices of financial assets (stock-market prices or currency exchange rates) obviously resemble trajectories of stochastic processes. What is known about their mathematical properties ? I know ...
7
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0answers
447 views

American put option pricing by “binomial trees”

Dear MO World, I'm teaching a financial mathematics course and have found a fascinating (to me) numerical phenomenon and wonder if anyone has studied it, or knows anything similar. I'll try and give ...
4
votes
1answer
272 views

Trajectorial version of Doob's $L^2$ inequality

In the paper http://www.mat.univie.ac.at/~schachermayer/pubs/preprnts/prpr0154.pdf you can find a trajectorial version of Doob's inequality. It is given by: ...
1
vote
1answer
312 views

Solving an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck-like SDE $y(t,T)=H_t + \mathbb{E}[\int_t^T y(s-,T)dX_s|\mathcal{F}_t]$

I have asked a similar question involving some finance background some time ago here math.stackexchange, however no really good answer came up. I was able to find a solution at least for a special ...
1
vote
2answers
176 views

market completion in stochastic volatility model

Hi all, Consider a stochastic volatility model. As there are two sources of risk and one asset only, this is an imcomplete market. One can complete the market by considering a derivative V1 used to ...
1
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0answers
100 views

stochastic volatility valuation equation

I'm trying to derive the valuation equation under a general stochastic volatility model. What one can read in the litterature is the following reasonning: One consider a replicating self-financing ...
5
votes
1answer
233 views

Arbitrage free price of a derivative when the price is collected over the lifetime of the derivative [closed]

Let $X_t$ be an american style financial derivative with random exercise time $T$ where $t$ and $T$ belongs to some finite set $A$. Buying this derivative requires the buyer to pay $p_t$ up to time ...
8
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3answers
716 views

Compactness of the set of densities of equivalent martingale measures

Consider an incomplete market $(\Omega,\mathcal F,\mathbb P)$ driven by a semimartingale $S=(S_t)_{t\in[0,T]}$. Under the no free lunch under vanishing risk (NFLVR) assumption, the set $\mathcal ...
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10answers
964 views

Is there any straightforward way to substitute for Gaussian/Brownian assumptions in financial mathematics?

A huge amount of financial mathematics assumes Gaussian distributions of risks and Brownian movement of prices. What efforts have there been to replace these with heavy-tailed distributions? For ...
3
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0answers
306 views

Laplace transform of a stopping time for stochastic volatility models

Let $V_t$ be a solution of the SDE $$dV_t=V_t(rdt+\sigma_t dW_t) $$ where $\sigma_t$ satisfies some other SDE $$d\sigma_t=\alpha(t,\sigma_t)dt+\beta(t,\sigma_t)dW^{\\ \prime}_t $$ and $W_t$ and ...
19
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10answers
2k views

Expected value as decision criterion in the context of rare events

I have often seen discussions of what actions to take in the context of rare events in terms of expected value. For example, if a lottery has a 1 in 100 million chance of winning, and delivers a ...
5
votes
1answer
322 views

Stieltjes integrals of predictable processes

I am looking for a direct proof of the fact that, roughly speaking, if $S=S_0+A+M$ is an $L^2$ semimartingale, and $M$ (the martingale part) has the martingale representation property, then for any ...
3
votes
2answers
410 views

Characteristic operator

Let $X_t\in\mathbb{R}$ be an Ito diffusion process given by $$ dX_t=a(b-X_t)dt+\sigma dW_t$$, then the characteristic operator of $X_t$ is given by $$L=a(b-x)\frac{\partial}{\partial ...
4
votes
1answer
741 views

Responses from mathematicians concerning Flash trading [closed]

Have there been any responses from the mathematics community regarding flash trading, for example from a game theory or system dynamics point of view? Please answer with personal comments or ...
0
votes
1answer
12k views

Covariance and standard deviation relationship

I would like to know if an increase in the covariance between two variables would imply that the standard deviation for one of the variables has increased? This is assuming that the standard ...
6
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1answer
2k views

Big picture concerning Ito integral, Stratonovich integral and standard results in probability theory

I am confused and don't get the big picture concerning the connection between Ito integral Stratonovich integral Standard results in probability theory concerning skewed distributions. Example: ...
2
votes
1answer
230 views

Brownian Bridge under observational error

Suppose that $Z_t$ follows a simple discrete random walk $Z_t=Z_{t-1}+e_t$ , where $e_t$ are a bunch of uncorrelated normal variables with arbitrary variance sigma^2, and that there are observations ...
3
votes
3answers
246 views

Finding a distribution family that is preserved under mixture.

Consider the following $f_{t+1}(z)=p_{12} f_{t}(z/A)+ p_{21} f_{t}(z/B)+p_{22} f_{t}(z/(A+B))$, where $A$, $B$, and the $p$'s are constants and $f_t$ is a probability distribution. Are there any nice ...
9
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2answers
2k views

Convergence and non-convergence of left-point and mid-point Riemann sums

In standard calculus it is a well known fact that left-point and mid-point Riemann sums do become equal in the limit. When it comes to stochastic integration this is no longer the case. Taking the ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

Discrete version of Ito's lemma

Could anyone give me some references where I could find (a) discrete version(s) of Ito's lemma (b) a proof how it converges to the continuous form in the limit (c) its usage within stochastic ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Fuzzy Logic in Finance

Has fuzzy logic been commercially applied in finance fields and has it been successful ? I have got knowledge that it has been applied in Algorithmic trading and operational risk, but I want to know ...
4
votes
7answers
775 views

Reference for elementary and “cool” statistics or financial math

I signed up for a Math Mentorship Program (for high school students) this term, but one of the students assigned to me is more interested in Statistics and Finance - something that would help him to ...
5
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3answers
2k views

Rigorous definition, detection and test for trending vs. mean-reverting behaviour of stochastic processes

This is a question that has haunted me for some time. In the domain of time series you always talk about trends and mean reversion. But at least to me these concepts are either defined axiomaticly ...
0
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2answers
1k views

Ito's lemma in differential form

Basically you'll find two versions of ito's lemma in the literature: an integral and a differential form. The integral form is based on an Riemann-Stieltjes-integral approach, the differential form is ...
2
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3answers
884 views

Matching Dynamic Trading Strategies with Derivatives

The famous Black-Scholes Framework is usally derived using a hedging approach where a self-financing portfolio is constructed and the resulting stochastic differential equation is being solved under ...
3
votes
2answers
467 views

maximizing function (stochastic calculus)

S is a price process which follows Geometric Brownian motion with no drift: dS=S*vol*dW, vol=const., W is a Wiener process. Define the following ratio: R=E[Max(f(S)-S(T),0)]/E[f(S)], where S(T) is ...
3
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1answer
3k views

Transformation of the Black-Scholes PDE into the diffusion equation - shift of coordinate system

The aim of transforming the Black-Scholes PDE is of course to find a form where an relatively easy solution exists. Most of the steps seem to be straightforward - please use this reference: ...