The mathematical-economics tag has no wiki summary.

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### quasi rationality, interesting axiom of revealed preferences [on hold]

So imagine there is a notion of rationality that captures the idea of "thresholds in preference." For example, let $\mathbb{Z}$ be the integers: $\mathbb{Z} = \{\dots, -10, -9, \dots, 0, 1, 2, ...

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### Consistent price index

This question came out of a discussion with a colleague from economics about price indices. Here is MattF's formulation of the question which differs somehow from the original problem.
Let ...

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### Simple yet interesting applications of Calculus or Linear Algebra to Economics [closed]

This is essentially a vast generalization of my previous question: Examples of separable ordinary differential equations in economics
I'm giving a talk to college-level math teachers on some ...

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### A categorical analogue of Debreu's independent factors theorem

Background
A major question in Decision Theory is that of the cardinal meaning of a utility function. That is, given a set $X$, a utility function $u:X\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ represents the choices ...

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### What does Arrow's theorem say about Kaldor-Hicks social welfare functions with von Neumann-Morgenstern utility? [closed]

Let $A$ be the set of all possible states of the world, let $G(A)$ be the set of all "lotteries" or "gambles", i.e. the set of all probability distributions over $A$. Now consider an individual with ...

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### To what equal constant in the Gibbs lemma

The Gibbs lemma is broadly used in games theory and in mathematical economics (optimal distributions of resourses, Cournot competition e.t.c.). Here it is:
Lemma (Gibbs). $f_1,f_2,\ldots,f_n$ be ...

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### Is there an equivalent of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle in the decision sciences ?

From memories of a quantum mechanics class and Wikipedia:
In quantum mechanics, the uncertainty principle is any of a variety of mathematical inequalities asserting a fundamental limit to the ...

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### Young transform reference

The Young transform of nonnegative function $f(x)$, $x \in \mathbb R^n_+$ is defined to be
$$
(\mathscr Yf)(y) = \inf \left[ \left. \frac{x_1 y_1 + \ldots + x_n y_n}{f(x)} \; \right|\; x \colon ...

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### Market-clearing price vector in an “aggregate demand system”

I suppose this is really an economics question, but I'm posting here for want of a more appropriate forum. My question concerns an aggregate demand system in which we have $n$ variants of a product, ...

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### Concise model of modern fiat money and its non-conservation

A confession: I have never really understood the basic model of fiat money and central banking, by which a central bank controls the money supply. By the standards of someone trained in mathematics, ...

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### Examples of separable ordinary differential equations in economics

I'm currently teaching an integral calculus course for business students, and we're just about to discuss differential equations. They've worked hard, and I'd like to reward them with some economic ...

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### Equitable division of a contiguous resource

I have come across the following result regarding equitable division of a resource, which is a simple and immediate consequence of linear programming complementarity (in the infinite-dimensional ...

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### Algebra - Decomposition of a matrix polynomial

Dear All,
This is related with a problem that I'm trying to solve on my PhD dissertation in econometrics, and I thought that some mathmatician can know the answer.
What is known about a possible ...

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### Why does the OLS estimator simplify as follows for the single regressor case?

I was reading in "A Guide to Econometrics" that given $Y = X \beta + \epsilon$, the variance covariance matrix of $\beta^\text{OLS}$ is given by $\sigma^2 (X' X)^{-1}$ where $\sigma^2$ is the variance ...

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### Optimal tax Rate

Assume you have two countries A and B, with a tax rates $T_A$ and $T_B$. The tax is redistributed to each people equally. Hence if you live in A and you make $I$ as income then you will finally ...

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### Reference for Mathematical Economics

I'm looking for a good introduction to basic economics from a mathematically solid(or, even better, rigorous) perspective. I know just about nothing about economics, but I've picked up bits and pieces ...

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### Fairest way to choose gifts

Suppose that a parent brings home from a trip $2n$ gifts of roughly
equal value for his/her two children. The children get to choose one
at a time which gifts they want. What is the fairest way to do ...

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### Continuous optimization

I'm interested in the solution to the following problem:
I have initial capital $C$ which I can invest into $M$ classes of
resources, each unit of a class $m_i$ matures at time $t_i$, has a
return of ...

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### Is the max of two supermodular functions supermodular?

The supermodularity means for every $x'>x$ and $y'>y$,
$$f(x',y') + f(x,y) > f(x',y) + f(x,y').$$
Suppose $f$ and $g$ are supermodular, non-negative and increasing in both arguments.
Is the ...

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### Weighted Regular Graphs

The following graph theoretic notion appeared in an economics paper entitled: "Prize competition under limited comparability, by Michele Piccione and Ran Spiegler which studies models of economics ...

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### Math Vs Social Science

What is the impact of Mathematics in social science today?. That is to say, what are the mathematics that a social scientist is using and, from the point of view of a mathematician, what are the ...