# Tagged Questions

**14**

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**10**answers

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### An example of a proof that is explanatory but not beautiful? (or vice versa)

This question has a philosophical bent, but hopefully it will evoke straightforward, mathematical answers that would be appropriate for this list (like my earlier question about beautiful proofs ...

**23**

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**7**answers

2k views

### Excellent mathematical explanations

In the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy there is an entry on mathematical explanation.
The basic philosophical question is: What makes a proof explanatory?
Two main "models" of mathematical ...

**12**

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**4**answers

1k views

### Statements which were given as axioms, which later turned out to be false.

I know that early axiomatizations of real arithmetic (in the first half of the nineteenth century) were often inadequate. For example, the earliest axiomatizations did not include a completeness ...

**30**

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**10**answers

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### Believing the Conjectures

In Believing the axioms (I and II), Penelope Maddy proposes five "rules of thumb" that she then uses to justify large cardinal axioms in set theory. These extrinsic rules are modeled after the ...

**43**

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**9**answers

5k views

### Have we ever lost any mathematics?

The history of mathematics over the last 200 years has many occasions when the fundamental assumptions of an area have been shown to be flawed, or even wrong. Yet I cannot think of any examples where, ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

922 views

### Is beauty at the high school level even possible? [closed]

This question is a follow up to 74841, and follows from a suggestion by Gian-Carlo Rota that beauty as judged by the educated public differs from that experienced by mathematicians (he gives Euclidean ...

**7**

votes

**6**answers

910 views

### Seemingly emergent structures in mathematics

I rather suspect that this must have come up here on MO already, but my handful of searches didn't turn up the thread, so...
I'm curious about examples of mathematical structure that seems to arise ...

**16**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### What is Realistic Mathematics?

This post is partially about opinions and partially about more precise mathematical questions. Most of this post is not as formal as a precise mathematical question. However, I hope that most readers ...

**50**

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**16**answers

7k views

### Can a mathematical definition be wrong?

This question originates from a bit of history. In the first paper on quantum Turing machines, the authors left a key uniformity condition out of their definition. Three mathematicians subsequently ...

**18**

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**9**answers

4k views

### Why are proofs so valuable, although we do not know that our axiom system is consistent? [closed]

As a person who has been spending significant time to learn mathematics, I have to admit that I sometimes find the fact uncovered by Godel very upsetting: we never can know that our axiom system is ...

**15**

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**10**answers

1k views

### Can you prove equivalence without being able to calculate it?

In mathematics we often seek to classify objects up to an equivalence relation, where two objects A and B are said to be equivalent if there exists a map $f:A\rightarrow B$ satisfying certain ...