The martingales tag has no wiki summary.

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### Savings property: A transformation which turns nonnegative martingales into uniformly integrable ones

Background
I work in a subfield of computability theory called algorithmic randomness. We have been using martingales as long as probability theory (going back to work of von Mises). However, since ...

**9**

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**1**answer

1k views

### Martingales in both discrete and continuous setting

I am wondering, polynomials like
$S_n^4-6n S_n^2+3n^2+2n$ for $$S_n=\sum_{i=1}^n{X_i}$$ where $$\mathbb{P}(X_i=1)=\mathbb{P}(X_i=-1)=\frac{1}{2}$$ is a martingale (under the conventional filtration). ...

**8**

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**4**answers

2k views

### Brownian motion, martingales, Markov Chains - Rosetta Stone

What are the most
fundamental/useful/interesting ways in
which the concepts of Brownian motion,
martingales and markov chains are
related?
I'm a graduate student doing a crash course in ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

501 views

### Is this ergodic inequality true?

Is anything similar to the following inequality true,
$\displaystyle P\{\max_{n \leq k \leq m} |A_k f - A_n f| > \epsilon\} \leq C \frac{||A_m f - A_n f||_1}{\epsilon}$
where $A_n f = ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

259 views

### Can every discrete martingale be embedded in a continuous martingale?

Let $(X_k)_{k=0,1,..., n}$ be a discrete martingale defined on some probability space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F},\mathbb{P})$. I would like to know whether there exists a (continuous) martingale ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

273 views

### Rosenthal like inequality for weak $\mathbb L^p$-norms

Let $p$ be a real number greater than $1$. It is well known (see Hall and Heyde's Martingale limit theory and its applications, Theorem 2.10) that there exists a constant $C_p$ such that if ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

651 views

### Compactness of the set of densities of equivalent martingale measures

Consider an incomplete market $(\Omega,\mathcal F,\mathbb P)$ driven by a semimartingale $S=(S_t)_{t\in[0,T]}$. Under the no free lunch under vanishing risk (NFLVR) assumption, the set $\mathcal ...

**7**

votes

**5**answers

508 views

### Properties preserved under passage to augmented filtration

Dear all,
generally speaking, my question is about which properties of a stochastic process are preserved when I skip from the original to the augmented filtration.
Recall that if ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

701 views

### De Finetti's theorem, the pointwise ergodic theorem, and reverse martingales

De Finetti's theorem says that an exchangeable sequence of random variables $X_i$ is a mixture of i.i.d. random variables. In other words, if $\mu$ is a measure on $\mathbb{R}^\infty$ that is ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

517 views

### Change of space-time in Walsh's stochastic integral

One can read about Walsh's construction of martingale integral in the paper (pp.16-23)
www.math.utah.edu/~davar/ps-pdf-files/SPDEBookDK.pdf
For $U,V\in \mathcal{B}(\mathbb{R}\times \mathbb{R}^+), ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

165 views

### Doob's inequality for martingale “convolution”

Let $(X_t, t \in \mathbb{N})$ be a martingale, and let $a \leq b \leq T \in \mathbb{N}$ be constants. Is there something like Doob's inequality for $\mathbb{E} \sup_{a \leq t \leq b} X_t(X_T-X_t)$, ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

315 views

### Stieltjes integrals of predictable processes

I am looking for a direct proof of the fact that, roughly speaking, if $S=S_0+A+M$ is an $L^2$ semimartingale, and $M$ (the martingale part) has the martingale representation property, then for any ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Reference request: Martingale decompositions (positive/negative and u.i./singular)

For a paper I am writing, I need these two facts. The proofs are fairly short, but I would rather just cite them. This is for martingales index by natural numbers. Also, I call a martingale which ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

177 views

### Probability of winding number of 2D Brownian Motion

Let $B_t$ be a 2D Brownian Motion with $B_0 = (1,0)$. Now, express $B_t$ in polars, that is, $B_t = (r(t), \theta(t))$. Let $\tau = \inf\{t > 0 : \theta(t) \geq 2 \pi \}$. What is $\mathbb{P}[\tau ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

369 views

### Path continuity for (closed) martingales?

Take a time interval $[0,T]$, and a filtered probability space $(\Omega,P,\mathcal{F},\mathcal{F}_t)$. If $X \in L^1(\mathcal{F}_T)$, then $M_t = E [X \ | \ \mathcal{F}_t]$ is a martingale. If I ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

718 views

### Distribution of running maximum of a local martingale

Let $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}, \mathbb{P}, \mathcal{F}_t)$ be a given
probability space with usual conditions, on which $W$ is a standard
Brownian motion. For $x \ge 0$, consider
$$X(t) = x + \int_0^t ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### What is the optimal growth of the constant in BDG?

Let $X$ be a continuous local martingale, and $\langle X \rangle$ be its quadratic variation process. The "standard" proof of Burkholder-Davis-Gundy inequalities found in books yields $(\mathsf{E} ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### compactness of a probability set

I have a question about the compactness of a set of martingale measures. Let $\Omega=\mathcal{C}[0,1]$ be the space of continuous functions on $[0,1]$ and $\mathcal{M}_{\Omega}$ be the family of ...

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votes

**0**answers

170 views

### Some constants in Martingale Stein inequality

Dear all,
the following is a special case of Stein inequalities for martingales.
$\textbf{Theorem}$ Let $(\Omega, \mathbb{P})$ be a (standard) probability space equipped with a filtration of ...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

774 views

### Men in a bar - stoch. processes

Hello everyone,
I'm trying to solve a applied stochastic process problem and even the example is beautiful, I don't know how to approach it.
Here the problem:
10 men want to get out of a bar, they do ...

**3**

votes

**10**answers

2k views

### Best introduction to probability spaces, convergence, spectral analysis

I'm not sure if this stuff all falls under what most would just term "probability", but I'm researching applied macroeconomics and need to get a handle on the following concepts ASAP:
probability ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

358 views

### Stochastic integrals as honest martingales — comparison criterion

We have a given positive martingale $\rho_t$, with the dynamics:
$$\textrm{d} \rho_t = \lambda_t \rho_t \textrm{d} W_t$$
where $W_t$ is a standard Brownian motion. Now we have a "dumped" process p_t:
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

130 views

### Does martingale convergence hold for arbitrary time?

Let $\{\mathcal B_i:i\in I\}$ be a family of $\sigma$-algebras (over the same set $\Omega$) which are totally ordered by inclusion, in the sense that for any $i,j\in I$ either $\mathcal ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

702 views

### Is the truncated Brownian motion of the class DL?

Let $W$ be a standard Brownian motion under given probability space.
For a given constant $a$, $W^a$ is a truncated Brownian motion by stopping time
$T^a = \inf(t>0:W(t) = a)$. That is, $W^a(t) = ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

579 views

### Lower-semicomputable supermartingales with bounded increments

I'm interested in whether Levin and Solomonoff's results on "universal semimeasures" can be extended to other settings. One case that especially interests me is finding "universal" strategies in the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### a $L^1$ convergence for backward martingale

I have a question which may be naive, but I can not find the related result in the classical reference such as "Foundations of Modern Probability" and "Probability"(Billingsley). So if someone knows ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

304 views

### initial condition of a diffusion approximation

I am trying to prove that a certain sequence of Markov chains $x^N_k$ converges towards a diffusion process. The invariant measure of $x^N$ is $\pi^N$ and the Markov chain $x^N$ is started in ...

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**2**answers

531 views

### Supermartingales and convergence

These feel like basic enough questions, but I don't know where to find the answer.
Let $X_1,X_2,X_3,\dots$ be a supermartingale such that $|X_{n+1} - X_n| < K$ for all $n$ ($K$ fixed). Does the ...

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**1**answer

454 views

### Stochastic integrals as honest martingales — exponential damping

We have a given positive martingale ρt, with the dynamics:
$$\textrm{d}\rho_t = \lambda_t \rho_t \textrm{d}W_t$$
where $W_t$ is a standard Brownian motion. Now we have an "exponentially dampened" ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### weaker version of the martingale convergence theorem

Let $\mathcal{A}_n$ be a sequence of finite sigma-algebras, let $\mathcal{B}_{q,p}= \sigma(\mathcal{A}_n, q \geq n \geq p )$. Moreover, we suppose $\mathcal{A}_k \subset \mathcal{B}_{\infty,p}$ for ...

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**0**answers

75 views

### a generalization of Monge-Kantorovich Problem

I am thinking about the martingale version of Monge-Kantorovich Problem.
Let $\mu(x)$ and $\nu(y)$ denote two density laws on $\mathbb{R}$, and define $M(\mu,\nu)$ the set of densities $f(x,y)$ on ...

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vote

**5**answers

894 views

### Martingales and Betting Strategies

Does anyone know of a good introduction to the theory of martingales and betting strategies from the point of view of statistics and/or probability theory? I'm looking for something basic, with lots ...

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**2**answers

257 views

### Martingale part of the discontinuous put payoff

I need the martingale part of the put payoff (not $C^2$..). Where $S_t=exp(\sigma W_t -\frac{\sigma^2t}{2})$
$d[(S_t -K)^+ ]$ ??
I guess I need to use local times but how?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

219 views

### On martingale representation theorem

Let $(\Omega,\mathcal{F},P)$ be a probability space and $(\mathcal{F_{t}})_{0\le t\le T}$ a filtration generated by standard Brownian motion $W_t$.
Let $f(x)$ be $C^1$ function such that $|f'(x)| ...

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vote

**2**answers

240 views

### Uniform law of large numbers for martingale difference

Let $\xi_{tn}(\theta),t=1,\dots,n$ be a real-valued martingale difference array indexed by a parameter $\theta \in \Theta \subset R$, where the set $\Theta$ is compact. Now, for all fixed $\theta \in ...

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vote

**1**answer

54 views

### explicit characterization of the stochastic integrand

Let $V$ be a cadlag positive supermartingale with the following decomposition:
$$V_t=V_0+\int_0^tH_sdX_s-K_t$$
where $X$ is a cadlag local martingale and $K$ is an adapted increasing process with ...

**1**

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**0**answers

61 views

### question about Doob-Meyer decomposition

Given a filtered probability space and let $X$ be a cadlag local martingale defined on this space. Let $V$ be a cadlag supermartingale and assume we know the following decomposition:
...

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**0**answers

72 views

### asymptotic variance of sample autocorrelation of two iid random variables

I am trying to prove that the variance of the sample lag-1 autocorrelation
$$\hat{\rho}=\frac{\sum_{t=1}^n(x_t-\bar{x})(x_{t-1}-\bar{x})}{\sum_{t=1}^n(x_{t-1}-\bar{x})^2}$$
for an i.i.d. R.V is ...

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77 views

### Supermartingale inequality on a particular event

Say, I have a supermartingale $Y_t$ with respect to the filtration $F_t$. Let $T$ and $S$ two stopping times greater than $t>0$ such that on the event $A$, $T>S$, then since $Y_t$ is a ...

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**0**answers

227 views

### Iterated Ito Integral, Gaussian Volterra Process

Let me define
$$
J^f_{n}(t) = \, \int_0^t \int_0^{t_1} \ldots \int_0^{t_{n-1}} f(t, t_1, \ldots, t_n) \; dB_{t_n} ...dB_{t_1}
$$
where $f:[0,1]^{n+1} \to \mathbb{R}$ is a nice deterministic ...

**1**

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148 views

### What conditions on a filtration guarantee that a (sub)martingale has a continuous modification?

There is a theorem as follows:
Theorem. Let $\mathcal{F}_t$ be a filtration which is right-continuous and complete. Assume $M_t$ is a submartingale adapted to $\mathcal{F}_t$ such that $t \mapsto ...

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113 views

### Second Equality of Wald [closed]

Hi,
I'm doing an exercice about the second equality of Wald.
Let $(X_i)_{i\ge 1}$ be a sequence of integrable random variables. Let $F = (F_i)$ be a filtration such as $X$ is adapted. We suppose ...

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**0**answers

410 views

### When are the limits of Martingales are Martingales?

Suppose I have a sequence of continuous time random variables $X_n(t)$ where $t \in [0,1]$, adapted to a filtration $F_t$, that are martingales with respect to this filtration and that $\sup_n ...

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575 views

### Is stopped brownian motion not a martingale ?

In page 45 of the book "Financial Derivatives In Theory and Practice by P.J.Hunt and J.E.Kennedy, it seems to me that the author says the stopped Brownian Motion is not a martingale as follows.
...

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278 views

### Change of Time in Stochastic Integral

Hi everyone,
Let's be given $I(0,t)$ a Stochastic Integral with respect to a local martingale $ M_t$ of the form :
$I(0,t)=\int_0^t h(s_-)dM_s$ with $h\in L(M)$ (for example $h$ is an adapted ...

**0**

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**1**answer

62 views

### construction of a approximate martingale

everyone.
Given a probabilistic space $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}_t, \mathbb{P})$ and a martingale $(M_t)_{t\leq 1}$ on it. Suppose
$$M_1\stackrel{\mathbb{P}}{\sim}\mu$$
where $\mu$ is a probability ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### a dominated convergence theorem for martingale (II)

The question is presented in
a dominated convergence theorem for martingale
Let $\{(X_1^n, X_2^n)\}_n$ be a sequence of martingales defined some probability space. (which means ...

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**0**answers

25 views

### a question about Dambis, Dubins-Schwarz Theorem

Let $M=(M_t)_{0\le t\le 1}$ be a continous $\mathbb{F}=\{\mathcal{F}_t\}_{0\le t\le 1}$-martingale s.t. $M_0=0$. Now my question is whether there exists a Brownin motion $B$ s.t.
...

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**0**answers

28 views

### a question about the modification of a supermartingale

Let $\mathbf{D}\subset\mathbf{D}([0,1],\mathbb{R}_+)$ denote the space of positive cadlag functions $\mathbf{x}$ defined on $[0,1]$ with $\mathbf{x}(0)=1$. Define the canonical process
...

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82 views

### Sufficient condition for local martingale property of stochastic integral

Is the following correct and/or a (simple) known result?
Let $X$ be a local martingale and $H$ an integrand for $X$, such that the stochastic integral $\int H\cdot dX\ge x$ for some random variable. ...