Topology of groups of automorphisms of surfaces, and high dimensional analogues.

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### Mapping class group and fundamental group of a 3 manifold

If the 3 manifold is Haken, then the natural homomorphism from the mapping class group of this 3 manifold to the outer automorphism of its fundamental group is an isomorphism.
Any other kind of 3 ...

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### Finite subgroups of mapping class groups

Given a closed, oriented surface $\Sigma$ of genus greater than 1, let $Mod(\Sigma)$ denote the mapping class group of orientation preserving diffeomorphisms of $\Sigma$ up to isotopy. Given any ...

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### A query about Hatcher flow on arc complex

In the paper "Triangulations of Surfaces" Hatcher proved that the arc complex associated to a punctured surface is contractible. The main proof is divided into two parts. In the first part he assumes ...

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### Some questions about geodesic lamination

I'm learning geodesic laminations on surfaces. Here are some questions I thought a lot but could not understand well.
We consider a complete finite area hyperbolic surface $S$ w/o geodesic boundary. ...

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### Distorsion of subgroups of the mapping class group

Let $S_{g,b}$ be an oriented surface with $b$ boundary components and $S_g^b$ be an oriented surface with $b$ punctures. Let $\mathrm{Mod}(S_{g,b})$ and $\mathrm{Mod}(S_g^b)$ their (orientation ...

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### Centralizers and intersections in the Gromov-boundary of the mapping class group

The mapping class group of a punctured surface $\Sigma$ is weakly relatively hyperbolic (see below), hence it is well defined the Gromov-boundary with respect to the relative metric.
First question: ...

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### Connectivity and contarctibility of complexes associated to curves and arcs

There are various complexes associated to a surface using the curves and arcs e.g. Curve complex, Arc complex, curve arc complex and so on (for a collection of such objects see This). Now to ...

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### A doubt from “Geometry of the complex of curves II: Hierarchical structure” by Masur and Minsky

In the paper "Geometry of the complex of curves II: Hierarchical structure" (Paper) there is a construction of curve complex for an Annular subdomain (2.4). The construction depends on the domain ...

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### In H_2 of Sp(2g,Z), why does Meyer's signature cocycle give 4 times a generator?

Fix some $g \geq 2$, let $\Gamma_g$ be the mapping class group of a genus $g$ surface, and let $\pi : \Gamma_g \rightarrow Sp(2g,\mathbb{Z})$ be the projection. In
Meyer, Werner
Die Signatur von ...

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### Nielsen-Thurston classification of homeomorphisms for open surfaces?

In Proposition 3.1. in this article by John Franks, he applies the Nielsen-Thurston classification of surface homeomorphisms to a homeomorphism $ \ f:M \rightarrow M$ of an open surface $M$ which is ...

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### Third cohomology of mapping class group

I would like to know the third cohomology with coefficients in $U(1)$ or $\mathbb{C}^\ast$ of the mapping class group of a surface of genus at least one. I found many results on the rational ...

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### Lie Group Isomorphisms

I'm not sure of the difficulty of the question I'm about to ask. If it does not fit the criteria for this site then I apologize in advance, I'm rather new here.
So here it goes: Let $G$ be a Lie ...

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### from Dehn twists to surgery diagram [closed]

Assume the relation $(ab)^6=1$, for $a$ and $b$ Dehn twists about the meridian and the longitude of a torus. Now if we glue the two ends of $T\times I$ together by either the diffeomorphism $(ab)^6$ ...

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### (Un)distorted subgroups in the mapping class group: reference required.

Let $S$ be an orientable surface with negative Euler characteristic. Can somebody provide a reference for the following well-known results:
the cyclic subgroup generated by a pseudo-Anosov element ...

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### Mapping class group vs automorphism group in cobordism category

Let $3Cob$ be the category whose objects are closed surfaces and whose morphisms are diffeomorphism classes of cobordisms.
By sending a diffeomorphism $\phi$ of a surface $X$ to its associated ...

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### Origin of the name “Torelli group”

The genus $g$ Torelli group $I_g$ is the kernel of the action of the mapping class group of a genus $g$ surface on the first homology group of the surface.
The first paper I am aware of that uses the ...

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### What is the order of the isotopy group of the Brieskorn homology 3-sphere?

Let $\Sigma(p,q,r)$ be the Brieskorn homology 3-sphere with $\frac{1}{p}+\frac{1}{q}+\frac{1}{r}<1$ (so not the 3-sphere or the Poincare sphere). The fundamental group is given by $$ ...

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### Are there some list of the finite subgroups of the mapping class groups of low genus surfaces?

We already know the bound of the order of the finite subgroups of the $Mod(S_g)$. If we take a further step, to find all the finite subgroups, then what is the result for low genus cases? For example, ...

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### Explicit computation of the action of a Dehn twist on the fundamental group of a surface

Let $S$ be a compact orientable surface of genus $g$. Now let $p\in S$ and $\gamma$ a closed simple curve on $S$ disjoint from $p$. It is not very difficult to compute the action of a Dehn twist along ...

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### Action of Mapping Class Group on Arc complex

Suppose $S$ is a surface of finite type with nonempty boundary. Now consider the arc complex $\mathcal{A}$. The action of Mod(S)(mapping class group) on the set of all vertices has finitely many ...

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### Homeomorphism of the punctured sphere which fixes an essential Jordan curve

$\phi$ is a homeomorphism from the 2-sphere to itself which represents an element of $PMCG(S^2,A)$ (we also denote it by $\phi$), where $A$ is a finite set of $S^2$. $\gamma$ is an essential Jordan ...

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### Mapping class groups of small Seifert-fibred 3-manifolds

Are computations of the mapping class groups of small Seifert-fibred 3-manifolds recorded in some convenient location?
For most Seifert manifolds working out the mapping class group is easy-enough ...

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### Centralizer of a pseudo-Anosov element

What is the centralizer of a pseudo-Anosov element in the mapping class group of an orientable punctured surface? Is it cyclic? If so, where can I find a proof?

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### Mapping class group and CAT(0) spaces

I hope the questions are not too vague.
Is the mapping class group of an orientable punctured surface $CAT(0)$ ?
Is any of the remarkable simplicial complexes (curve complex, arc complex...) built ...

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### Mapping One Curve to another using Dehn Twists

Let $M$ be an orientable surface with genus $g>1$. Let $\alpha$ and $\beta$ represent two different isotopy classes of essential curves on the surface. Is anyone aware of a technique or algorithm ...

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### Isomorphism type of mapping class group

Let $MCG(S_{g,b}^s)$ be the mapping class group of a surface $S_{g,b}^s$. Assume that it is not trivial.
Is it true that $MCG(S_{g,b}^s)$ is isomorphic to $MCG(S_{g',b'}^{s'})$ if and only if $ ...

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### Mapping class groups of a punctured surface vs. surface with boundary

Let $S_{g,b}$ an orientable surface with genus $g$ and $b$ boundary components and $S_g^b$ be an orientable surface with $b$ punctures.
Denote by $PMCG(S_g^b)$ and $PMCG(S_{g,b}) $ the pure mapping ...

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### Quasi-isometric embeddings of the mapping class group into the Teichmuller space

Does there exist a quasi-isometric embedding
$$MCG(S) \to (\mathrm{Teich}(S), d)$$
for $d$ any "known" distance on the Teichmuller space (i.e. Teichmuller, Weil-Petersson, Thurston...) ?

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### Mapping class group of ciliated surfaces

Let $(S_{g,b}^n, \mathscr C)$ be a ciliated surface, that is, a surface with with $b$ boundary components, a finite set $\mathscr C$ of distinguished points ($n$ in the interior and $c$ on the ...

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### How to detect a simple closed curve from the element in the fundamental group?

(1) Given a fundamental group representation of a hyperbolic surface, i.e. $<a_j,b_j|\prod[a_j,b_j]=1>$, and given an element in this group, can we determine whether this element can be ...

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### mapping class group of a surface

I want to know what techniques are known to present a diffeomorphism on a surface with boundary (the diffeomorphism is not necessarily the identity restricted to the boundary) as product of Dehn ...

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### Convexity of a minimum function

I was reading a proof of $9g-9$ theorem which states that $9g-9$ length parameters are sufficient the parametrize the Teichmuller space of a closed surface of genus $g$. The proof uses the following ...

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### hyperelliptic involution on a surface

What is the Dehn twist factorization of the hyperelliptic involution on an oriented surface of genus g (with one boundary component)?

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### Iterated Lefschetz numbers

Given a pseudo Anosov mapping class $f:S_{g,n}\rightarrow S_{g,n}$ is the Lefschetz number for $f^m$ negative for some $m$ depending only on $(g,n)$?
The Lefschetz number of a mapping class $f$ can ...

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### Relationship between virtual cohomological dimension and tautological rings for moduli spaces of curves

Here's the short version of the question. For $M_{g,n}$, $M_{g,n}^{rt}$, $M_{g,n}^{ct}$ and $\overline M_{g,n}$ it seems that the virtual cohomological dimension is given by the complex dimension plus ...

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### Divergence of geodesics in mapping class groups

I'm trying to learn some stuff about divergence of geodesics. Let $\gamma$ be a geodesic in a metric space $X$. The divergence of $\gamma$ is a function $f(r)$ for $r \ge 0$ such that $f(r)$ is the ...

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### Reference request: Spin structures on surfaces and the spin mapping class group

I am looking for references on the following: Spin structures on surfaces, and particularly the spin mapping class group.
What is known about generating the spin mapping class group? Has anybody ...

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### Cohomology of the genus 2 mapping class group

Is the cohomology of the genus 2 mapping class group (that is, the cohomology of the moduli stack $M_2$ of genus 2 curves) known? I'd be interested in references. The rational cohomology is known to ...

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### Mapping class group of once-punctured torus

Let $T$ be the 2-dimensional torus and let $S$ be $T$ minus one point. Then Birman exact sequence of mapping class groups becomes an isomorphism
$$
\beta: Map(S)\to Map(T)=GL(2, {\mathbb Z}).
$$
It ...

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### Isotopy classes on the disk and mapping tori

Is the following true?
"The conjugacy classes of two homeomorphisms of the n-times punctured disk have isotopic representatives iff the associated mapping tori are homeomorphic."
By conjugacy class ...

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### The action of torsion of $MCG(S)$ on curve complex

Hi everyone.
Let $S$ be a closed surface with genus at least 3, $\alpha, \beta$ be the two vertices of
curve complex of $S$ such that $d_{\mathcal {C}(S)}(\alpha, \beta)\geq 3$.
My question is
...

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### The action of periodic map on the complex of curves

Hi, everyone.
Assume $S$ is a genus at least 2 orientable closed surface. And there is a simplical complex
defined on $S$ called Curve complex.
It is well known that any automorphism of surface ...

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### Eilenberg-Mac Lane spaces for surface group extensions.

(The question has been edited. It was pointed out in the comments that $\Gamma_G$ could be a surface group, thought of as a finite extension of another surface group, in which case $G$ is finite.)
...

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### The image of the point-pushing group in the hyperelliptic representation of the braid group

Let $B_{2g+1}$ be the Artin braid group on $2g+1$ strands. There is a symplectic representation
$\rho: B_{2g+1} \rightarrow Sp_{2g}(\mathbf{Z})$
called the "hyperelliptic representation," which ...

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### Do the following set of Dehn twists generate the mapping class group?

If $S$ is the surface illustrated below, do the Dehn twists about the red curves generate the mapping class group $\operatorname{MCG}(S,\partial S)$?

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### Requiring references

Assume $V$ be a genus larger than 1 handlebody, $S=\partial_{+} V$.
Denote $N$ be the normal closure of $MCG(V)$ in $MCG(S)$.
Is there any material related to the quotient group $MCG(S)/N$ ?
Thanks!
...

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### Multiple Dehn twists and minimal position

I have a question about a proof that I am reading in "A primer on Mapping Class Groups" by Farb and Margalit.
Let $a$ be a simple closed curve in a compact surface $S$ (possibly with marked points ...

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### Lower bounds on dimensions of faithful representations of braid groups

Let $B_n$ be the braid group on $n$ strands. It's a theorem of Daan Krammer and Stephen Bigelow that there is a a faithful representation
$$B_n \to GL_{n \choose 2} \mathbb Z[t^{\pm}, q^{\pm}] $$
...

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### Nielsen-Thurston classification via the curve complex?

I am curious to see if anyone knows a proof of the Nielsen-Thurston classification of mapping classes that does not depend on results in Teichmuller theory.
From a naive point of view, translation ...

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### Extension of homeomorphism of boundaries to a homeomorphism of a cobordism

Suppos we have a cobordism $(M, \partial_{-}M, \partial_{+}M)$, where $M$ is a oriented compact (topological) 3-manifold.
Assume we have orientation preserving homeomorphism $f_{\pm}: \Sigma \to ...